Read by QxMD icon Read

Javaid, A

Arshad Javaid, Zubair Shaheen, Muhammad Shafqat, Amer Hayat Khan, Nafees Ahmad
Among 186 retrospectively evaluated patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, 33.9% were cured, 6.6% completed treatment, 25% died, 18.3% were lost to follow-up, 2.2% failed treatment, and 13.8% were still undergoing treatment by the end of the study period. Rural residence was a risk factor for loss to follow-up (odds ratio [OR], 3.315; P = .016), whereas baseline body weight <40 kg (OR, 2.175; P = .042) and resistance to ofloxacin (OR, 2.889; P = .025) were risk factors for death...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Silvana B Sandbakk, Javaid Nauman, Nina Zisko, Øyvind Sandbakk, Nils Petter Aspvik, Dorthe Stensvold, Ulrik Wisløff
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations and/or having high age-specific cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) attenuate the adverse effect of prolonged sedentary time on cardiovascular risk factor (CV-RF) clustering in older adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of Norwegian women (495) and men (379) aged 70 to 77 years from August 22, 2012, through June 30, 2013. Sedentary time and PA were assessed by accelerometers and CRF by directly measured peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak)...
October 8, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Arham Zavery, Faisal Qureshi, Arbaz Riaz, Fatima Pervez, Nousheen Iqbal, Javaid A Khan
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of shisha smoking; its associated factors and awareness among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan following the imposition of nationwide shisha ban. A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of two medical universities, namely Sindh Medical College and Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan from October till December 2014. A total of 422 participants were included. Data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The mean age was 21 ± 1...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Edward Watkins, Alexandra Newbold, Michelle Tester-Jones, Mahmood Javaid, Jennifer Cadman, Linda M Collins, John Graham, Mohammod Mostazir
BACKGROUND: Depression is a global health challenge. Although there are effective psychological and pharmaceutical interventions, our best treatments achieve remission rates less than 1/3 and limited sustained recovery. Underpinning this efficacy gap is limited understanding of how complex psychological interventions for depression work. Recent reviews have argued that the active ingredients of therapy need to be identified so that therapy can be made briefer, more potent, and to improve scalability...
October 6, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Shahar Bano Memon, Li Lian, Javaid Ali Gadahi, Wang Genlin
The mapping of tissue proteomes can identify the molecular regulators and effectors of their physiological activity. However, proteomic response of a mammalian tissue against heat stress (HS) particularly of the pituitary gland has not yet been resolved. The proteomic response of the mouse pituitary gland against HS at 40(o)C was evaluated by iTRAQ. We found that, HS actively regulates stress-related proteins. Among 375 differentially expressed proteins, 26 up and 46 downregulated proteins were found as stress responsive proteins...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Shaista Javaid, Imran Amin, Georg Jander, Zahid Mukhtar, Nasir A Saeed, Shahid Mansoor
The first generation transgenic crops used strong constitutive promoters for transgene expression. However, tissue-specific expression is desirable for more precise targeting of transgenes. Moreover, piercing/sucking insects, which are generally resistant to insecticidal Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins, have emerged as a major pests since the introduction of transgenic crops expressing these toxins. Phloem-specific promoters isolated from Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) were used for the expression of two insecticidal proteins, Hadronyche versuta (Blue Mountains funnel-web spider) neurotoxin (Hvt) and onion leaf lectin, in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Arshad Javaid, Mazhar Ali Khan, Mir Azam Khan, Sumaira Mehreen, Anila Basit, Raza Ali Khan, Muhammad Ihtesham, Irfan Ullah, Afsar Khan, Ubaid Ullah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the profile of TB/multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) among household contacts of MDR-TB patients. METHODS: Close contacts of MDR-TB patients were traced in the cross-sectional study. Different clinical, radiological and bacteriological were performed to rule out the evidence of TB/MDR-TB. RESULTS: Between January 2012 and December 2012, a total of 200 index MDR-TB patients were initiated on MDR-TB treatment, out of which home visit and contacts screening were conducted for 154 index cases...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Jose Leal, Alastair M Gray, Samuel Hawley, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Antonella Delmestri, Nigel K Arden, Cyrus Cooper, M Kassim Javaid, Andrew Judge
Fracture liaison services are recommended as a model of best practice for organising patient care and secondary fracture prevention for hip fracture patients, although variation exists in how such services are structured. There is considerable uncertainty as to which model is most cost-effective and should therefore be mandated. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of orthogeriatric (OG) and nurse-led fracture liaison service (FLS) models of post-hip fracture care compared to usual care. Analyses were conducted from a healthcare and personal social services payer perspective, using a Markov model to estimate the lifetime impact of the models of care...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Ban Leong Sng, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Wan Ling Leong, Pryseley N Assam, Edwin Sy Chan, Kelvin H Tan, Alex T Sia
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine is an amide local anaesthetic used in hyperbaric and isobaric forms. These are administered intrathecally into the spine to provide regional anaesthesia for caesarean section. Several trials have compared hyperbaric and isobaric bupivacaine but none have conclusively shown the benefit of either. This review was first published in 2013 and updated in 2016. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to:1. Determine the effectiveness of hyperbaric bupivacaine compared to isobaric bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia in women undergoing caesarean section;2...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lee Guek Eng, Shaheenah Dawood, Victoria Sopik, Benjamin Haaland, Pui San Tan, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Ellen Warner, Javaid Iqbal, Steven A Narod, Rebecca Dent
PURPOSE: To evaluate breast cancer-specific survival at 10 years in patients who present with primary stage IV breast cancer, and to determine whether survival varies with age of diagnosis. METHODS: We retrieved the records of 25,323 women diagnosed with primary stage IV breast cancer in the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results 18 registries database from 1990 to 2012. For each case, we extracted information on age at diagnosis, tumour size, nodal status, oestrogen receptor status, progesterone receptor status, ethnicity, cause of death and date of death...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Abdul Qadir Javaid, Hazar Ashouri, Srini Tridandapani, Omer T Inan
The ballistocardiogram (BCG), a signal describing the reaction forces of the body to cardiac ejection of blood, has recently gained interest in the research community as a potential tool for monitoring the mechanical aspects of cardiovascular health for patients at home and during normal activities of daily living. An important limitation in the field of BCG research is that while the BCG signal measures the forces of the body, the information desired (and understood) by clinicians and caregivers, regarding mechanical health of the cardiovascular system, is typically expressed as blood pressure or flow...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Javaid Hassan Sheikh, M Z Chishti, Majidah Rasheed, Irfan-Ur-Rauf Tak, Shoaib Ali Dar, Eugenia P Lal, Dawood Mohiuddin
In order to list the genera buildup on Brassica oleracea (Cauliflower), Capsicum frustscens (Chillies), Spinacia oleracea (Spinach) and Phaseolus vulgaris (Farash bean) a general survey was carried in the summer season of 2013. On examining the soil samples as well as root samples of Cauliflower Boleodorus, Psilenchus, Helicotylenchus, Merlinius, Aglenchus and Filenchus were encountered with their absolute density of 18, 31, 34.5, 35, 35 and 31.5 %. On Chillies, Tylenchus, Helicotylenchus, Psilenchus, Pratylenchus and Hirschmaniella with their absolute frequency of 86, 96...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Mohamed Hamad Al-Thani, Al Anoud Mohammed Al-Thani, Sohaila Cheema, Javaid Sheikh, Ravinder Mamtani, Albert B Lowenfels, Walaa Fattah Al-Chetachi, Badria Ali Almalki, Shamseldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Ahmad Omar Haj Bakri, Patrick Maisonneuve
OBJECTIVES: To determine optimum measurements for abdominal obesity and to assess the prevalence and determinants of metabolic syndrome in Qatar. DESIGN: National health survey. SETTING: Qatar National STEPwise Survey conducted by the Supreme Council of Health during 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 2496 Qatari citizens aged 18-64 representative of the general population. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Measure of obesity (body mass index, waist circumference or waist-to-height ratio) that best identified the presence of at least 2 other factors of metabolic syndrome; cut-off values of waist circumference; frequency of metabolic syndrome...
2016: BMJ Open
Mustafa Shakir, Obaid Ur Rehman, Mudassir Rahim, Nabil Alrajeh, Zahoor Ali Khan, Mahmood Ashraf Khan, Iftikhar Azim Niaz, Nadeem Javaid
Due to the recent development in the field of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), the Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) have become a major area of interest for the developers and researchers. Human body exhibits postural mobility due to which distance variation occurs and the status of connections amongst sensors change time to time. One of the major requirements of WBAN is to prolong the network lifetime without compromising on other performance measures, i.e., delay, throughput and bandwidth efficiency. Node prioritization is one of the possible solutions to obtain optimum performance in WBAN...
2016: Sensors
Muzzamil Javaid, Moazzam Javid, Muhammad Zia Ur Rehman, Syed Irtiza Ali Shah
Detection of pulmonary nodule plays a significant role in the diagnosis of lung cancer in early stage that improves the chances of survival of an individual. In this paper, a computer aided nodule detection method is proposed for the segmentation and detection of challenging nodules like juxtavascular and juxtapleural nodules. Lungs are segmented from computed tomography (CT) images using intensity thresholding; brief analysis of CT image histogram is done to select a suitable threshold value for better segmentation results...
October 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
P W Gorham, J Nam, A Romero-Wolf, S Hoover, P Allison, O Banerjee, J J Beatty, K Belov, D Z Besson, W R Binns, V Bugaev, P Cao, C Chen, P Chen, J M Clem, A Connolly, B Dailey, C Deaconu, L Cremonesi, P F Dowkontt, M A DuVernois, R C Field, B D Fox, D Goldstein, J Gordon, C Hast, C L Hebert, B Hill, K Hughes, R Hupe, M H Israel, A Javaid, J Kowalski, J Lam, J G Learned, K M Liewer, T C Liu, J T Link, E Lusczek, S Matsuno, B C Mercurio, C Miki, P Miočinović, M Mottram, K Mulrey, C J Naudet, J Ng, R J Nichol, K Palladino, B F Rauch, K Reil, J Roberts, M Rosen, B Rotter, J Russell, L Ruckman, D Saltzberg, D Seckel, H Schoorlemmer, S Stafford, J Stockham, M Stockham, B Strutt, K Tatem, G S Varner, A G Vieregg, D Walz, S A Wissel, F Wu
We report on four radio-detected cosmic-ray (CR) or CR-like events observed with the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA), a NASA-sponsored long-duration balloon payload. Two of the four were previously identified as stratospheric CR air showers during the ANITA-I flight. A third stratospheric CR was detected during the ANITA-II flight. Here, we report on characteristics of these three unusual CR events, which develop nearly horizontally, 20-30 km above the surface of Earth. In addition, we report on a fourth steeply upward-pointing ANITA-I CR-like radio event which has characteristics consistent with a primary that emerged from the surface of the ice...
August 12, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Rizwan Ahmed Kiani, Muhammad Anwar, Usman Waheed, Muhammad Javaid Asad, Saleem Abbasi, Hasan Abbas Zaheer
Introduction. Transfusion Transmitted Infections (TTIs) continue to be a major risk in transfusions in many parts of the world. The transfusion-dependent β-thalassaemia patients are particularly at risk of acquiring TTIs. The current study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of TTIs in transfusion-dependent β-thalassaemia patients. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study of 1253 multitransfused thalassaemia major patients was conducted in five different centres of Islamabad, Rawalpindi, and Karachi...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
Abdul Qadir Javaid, Hazar Ashouri, Alexis Dorier, Mozziyar Etemadi, J Alex Heller, Shuvo Roy, Omer T Inan
GOAL: Our objective is to provide a framework for extracting signals of interest from the wearable seismocardiogram (SCG) measured during walking at normal (subject's preferred pace) and moderately-fast (1.34 - 1.45 m/s) speeds. METHODS: We demonstrate, using empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and feature tracking algorithms, that the pre-ejection period (PEP) can be accurately estimated from a wearable patch that simultaneously measures electrocardiogram (ECG) and sternal acceleration signals...
August 16, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Osama Dasa, Nauman Siddiqui, Mohammed Ruzieh, Toseef Javaid
Endobronchial cartilage rupture is a rare clinical condition, which can present in patients with severe emphysema with sudden onset shortness of breath. We present a case of a 62-year-old male who presented to our emergency department with sudden onset shortness of breath. Chest X-ray showed lung hyperinflation and a right lung field vague small density. Chest Computed Tomography confirmed the presence of right middle lobe collapse. Bronchoscopy revealed partial right middle lobe atelectasis and an endobronchial cartilage rupture...
2016: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Irfan Ullah, Aamer Ali Shah, Anila Basit, Mazhar Ali, Afsar Khan, Ubaid Ullah, Muhammad Ihtesham, Sumaira Mehreen, Anita Mughal, Arshad Javaid
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a major public health problem especially in developing countries. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends use of Xpert MTB/RIF assay to simultaneously detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and rifampicin (RIF) resistance. The primary objective of this study was to determine the frequency of MDR-TB in patients suspected to have drug resistance in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The frequency of probes for various rpoB gene mutations using Xpert MTB/RIF assay within 81 bp RRDR (Rifampicin Resistance Determining Region) was the secondary objective...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"