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Javaid, A

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078131/a-novel-management-of-post-oesophagectomy-gastro-pleural-fistula
#1
Javaid Ishtiaq, Jonathan Sutton, Waqar Ahmed
Oesophageal anastomotic leak and fistula are major and life-threatening complications of oesophagectomy with resultant increased mortality. Non-operative approach of such cases should be the initial strategy. Re-operative surgery and/or stent insertion are considered if conservative measures failed. Although oesophageal stenting is a safe option for the leaks, stent migration and failure to completely cover large anastomotic leaks are the main complications and pitfalls of the procedure. These can be overcome by using multiple or larger stents...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064423/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-glaucoma-associated-with-sturge-weber-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Usman Javaid, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Samreen Jamal, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
PURPOSE: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a condition which includes leptomeningeal hemangioma, facial angiomatosis or nevus flammeus, and ocular changes. SWS can lead to severe complications of anterior segment involving conjunctiva and eyelids, whereas posterior segment of the eye may also be affected by diffuse choroidal hemorrhages. This article was written with the objectives to determine the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of glaucoma associated with this rare and challenging disorder...
January 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025787/lodging-stress-in-cereal-effects-and-management-an-overview
#3
Adnan Noor Shah, Mohsin Tanveer, Atique Ur Rehman, Shakeel Ahmad Anjum, Javaid Iqbal, Riaz Ahmad
Uncertainty in climatic and weather conditions may result in lodging. Lodging is a most chronic constraint, which is causing tremendous yield reduction in crop plants; therefore, better understanding to control lodging-induced adversities or to enhance lodging resistance in cereals is imperative. In this review, we presented a contemporary synthesis of the existing data regarding the effects of lodging on growth and yield of cereals. Moreover, we highlighted key factors which trigger the detrimental effects of lodging in cereals...
December 26, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984009/personalized-activity-intelligence-pai-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-promotion-of-physical-activity
#4
Bjarne M Nes, Christian R Gutvik, Carl J Lavie, Javaid Nauman, Ulrik Wisløff
PURPOSE: To derive and validate a single metric of activity tracking that associates with lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality. METHODS: We derived an algorithm, Personalized Activity Intelligence (PAI), using the HUNT Fitness Study (n=4631), and validated it in the general HUNT population (n=39,298) aged 20-74 years. The PAI was divided into three sex-specific groups (≤50, 51-99 and ≥100), and the inactive group (0 PAI) was used as the referent. Hazard ratios for all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality were estimated using Cox proportional hazard regressions...
October 28, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955923/thymidine-esters-as-substrate-analogue-inhibitors-of-angiogenic-enzyme-thymidine-phosphorylase-in-vitro
#5
Sumaira Javaid, Marium Ishtiaq, Muniza Shaikh, Abdul Hameed, M Iqbal Choudhary
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) catalyzes the cleavage of thymidine into thymine and 2-deoxy-α-d-ribose-1-phosphate. Elevated activity of TP prevents apoptosis, and induces angiogenesis which ultimately leads to tumor growth and metastasis. Critical role of TP in cancer progression makes it a valid target in anti-cancer research. Discovery of small molecules as TP inhibitors is vigorously pursued in cancer therapy. In the present study, we functionalized thymidine as benzoyl ester to synthesize compounds 3-16...
November 23, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933228/who-inrud-prescribing-indicators-and-prescribing-trends-of-antibiotics-in-the-accident-and-emergency-department-of-bahawal-victoria-hospital-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Samia Shahid, Sidra Javaid, Huria Ikram, Uzma Baig, Shane Scahill
A descriptive, retrospective and cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prescribing practices and antibiotic use patterns in the Accident and Emergency department of the Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. A sample of 4320 prescriptions (systematic random sampling) was drawn out of a total of 1,080,000 prescriptions written during the period 1st January-31st December 2014. The standard World Health Organization/International Network for Rational Use of Drugs prescribing indicators were used to determine the prescribing practices of physicians...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932518/epoetin-%C3%AE-induced-pure-red-cell-aplasia-an-unintended-consequence
#7
Muhammad Masoom Javaid, Priyanka Khatri, Srinivas Subramanian
Pure red cell aplasia is a rare condition associated with the use of recombinant human erythropoietin preparations. It has predominantly been associated with the subcutaneous use of a particular epoetin-α product, Eprex, and is rarely associated with intravenous use or with other commercially available products. Only a few cases of pure red cell aplasia secondary to epoetin-β have been reported. On account of its rarity, the condition can often be missed on initial presentation, leading to unnecessary investigations and delayed diagnosis...
December 8, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932428/delayed-ventricular-septal-rupture-complicating-anterior-wall-myocardial-infarction
#8
Rajdip Dulai, Aye Hline, Mahvesh Rana Javaid, Javed Akhtar
A 59-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with acute pulmonary oedema and cardiogenic shock 35 days after anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction. She developed a new loud pan systolic murmur. Echocardiography revealed a ventricular septal rupture with a significant left to right shunt. She was immediately transferred to the local cardiothoracic unit where she underwent a successful ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. Ventricular septal rupture often presents within the first 24 hours of acute myocardial infarction and is rare thereafter...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930320/unexpected-central-role-of-the-androgen-receptor-in-the-spontaneous-regeneration-of-myelin
#9
Bartosz Bielecki, Claudia Mattern, Abdel M Ghoumari, Sumaira Javaid, Kaja Smietanka, Charly Abi Ghanem, Sakina Mhaouty-Kodja, M Said Ghandour, Etienne-Emile Baulieu, Robin J M Franklin, Michael Schumacher, Elisabeth Traiffort
Lost myelin can be replaced after injury or during demyelinating diseases in a regenerative process called remyelination. In the central nervous system (CNS), the myelin sheaths, which protect axons and allow the fast propagation of electrical impulses, are produced by oligodendrocytes. The abundance and widespread distribution of oligodendrocyte progenitors (OPs) within the adult CNS account for this remarkable regenerative potential. Here, we report a key role for the male gonad, testosterone, and androgen receptor (AR) in CNS remyelination...
December 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920455/glutathione-s-transferase-m1-and-t1-rs4025935-and-rs71748309-null-genotypes-are-associated-with-increased-susceptibility-to-coronary-artery-disease-in-indian-populations
#10
R Mir, M A Bhat, J Javaid, N Shah, P Kumar, E Sharma, C Jhu, S Basak, D Amle, P C Ray, A Saxena, S Banu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899428/pronounced-increase-in-risk-of-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-younger-smokers
#11
Amelia Lloyd, Lloyd Steele, James Fotheringham, Javaid Iqbal, Ayyaz Sultan, M Dawn Teare, Ever D Grech
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that smokers presented with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) a decade earlier than non-smokers. However, no account has been made for population smoking trends, an important deficit addressed by this study. METHODS: The combination of admission data on patients with acute STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and demographic data supplied by the Office for National Statistics for the South Yorkshire population between 2009-2012 were analysed to generate incidence rates and rate ratios (RR) to quantify the relative risk of STEMI from smoking, overall and by age group...
November 29, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894323/health-related-quality-of-life-and-a-cost-utility-simulation-of-adults-in-the-uk-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-x-linked-hypophosphatemia-and-fibrous-dysplasia
#12
Lydia Forestier-Zhang, Laura Watts, Alison Turner, Harriet Teare, Jane Kaye, Joe Barrett, Cyrus Cooper, Richard Eastell, Paul Wordsworth, Muhammad K Javaid, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life of adults with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), fibrous dysplasia (FD) and X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) remains poorly described. The aim of this study was to describe the HRQoL of adults with osteogenesis imperfecta, fibrous dysplasia and X-linked hypophophataemia and perform a cost-utility simulation to calculate the maximum cost that a health care system would be willing to pay for a hypothetical treatment of a rare bone disease. RESULTS: Participants completed the EQ-5D-5 L questionnaire between September 2014 and March 2016...
November 28, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893751/25-hydroxy-and-1%C3%AE-25-dihydroxycholecalciferol-have-greater-potencies-than-25-hydroxy-and-1%C3%AE-25-dihydroxyergocalciferol-in-modulating-cultured-human-and-mouse-osteoblast-activities
#13
Allahdad Zarei, Philippa A Hulley, Afsie Sabokbar, M Kassim Javaid, Alireza Morovat
Despite differences in the phamacokinetics of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D3) and 25-hydroxyergocalciferol (25(OH)D2) in man, the effects of these and their 1α-hydroxylated forms (1,25(OH)2D3 and 1,25(OH)2D2) on cellular activity of vitamin D-responsive cells have hardly been compared. We studied differences in the effects of these metabolites on cell number, gene transcription, protein expression and mineralisation of cultured human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hBMSC) and rapidly mineralising mouse 2T3 osteoblasts...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893414/recombinant-haemonchus-contortus-24-kda-excretory-secretory-protein-rhces-24-modulate-the-immune-functions-of-goat-pbmcs-in-vitro
#14
Javaid Ali Gadahi, Baojie Li, Muhammad Ehsan, Shuai Wang, Zhenchao Zhang, Yujian Wang, Muhammad Waqqas Hasan, Ruofeng Yan, Xiaokai Song, Lixin Xu, Xiangrui Li
A 24 kDa protein is one of the important components in Haemonchus contortus (barber pole worm) excretory/secretory products (HcESPs), which was shown to have important antigenic function. However, little is known about the immunomodulatory effects of this proteinon host cell. In the present study gene encoding 24kDa excretory/secretory protein (HcES-24) was cloned. The recombinant protein of HcES-24 (rHcES-24) was expressed in a histidine-tagged fusion protein soluble form in Escherichia coli. Binding activity of rHcES-24 to goat PBMCs was confirmed by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and its immunomudulatory effect on cytokine secretion, cell proliferation, cell migration and nitric oxide production were observed by co-incubation of rHcES-24...
November 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891414/paediatric-urinary-tract-infection-a-hospital-based-experience
#15
Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Mohd Ashraf, Javaid Ahmed Bhat, Nazir Ahmed Parry, Lubna Shaheen, Sartaj Ali Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the commonly encountered entities by paediatricians. Studies have shown easy vulnerability of paediatric urinary tract in any acute febrile illness and a miss in diagnosis could have long term consequences like renal scaring with its adverse effects. Bearing these evidence based preludes in view we designed our study to know the prevalence of UTI in Kashmir province. AIM: Aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of UTI in febrile children and to know the sensitivity of different imaging modalities like Renal and Urinary Bladder Ultrasonography (RUS), Voiding Cystourethrography (VCUG) and Dimercaptosuccinic Acid (DMSA) scan in diagnosing UTI...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868100/nephropleural-fistula-effectively-managed-with-serial-thoracentesis-a-case-report
#16
Aaron D Baugh, Eslam Youssef, Syed Shafae Hasan, Nauman Saleem Siddiqui, Haitham Elsamoloty, Khaled Shahrour, Toseef Javaid
Nephropleural fistulae are rare but serious thoracic complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Herein, we present the management of a 54-year-old female with a delayed presentation of nephropleural fistula. The role of serial thoracentesis as a safe, less invasive, less painful alternative to tube thoracostomy is highlighted. In select cases, this may represent an attractive management strategy for nephropleural fistula after PCNL.
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866655/prediction-of-cardiovascular-mortality-by-estimated-cardiorespiratory-fitness-independent-of-traditional-risk-factors-the-hunt-study
#17
Javaid Nauman, Bjarne M Nes, Carl J Lavie, Andrew S Jackson, Xuemei Sui, Jeff S Coombes, Steven N Blair, Ulrik Wisløff
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF) and evaluate the additional contribution of traditional risk factors in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality prediction. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The study included healthy men (n=18,721) and women (n=19,759) aged 30 to 74 years. A nonexercise algorithm estimated cardiorespiratory fitness. Cox proportional hazards models evaluated the primary (CVD mortality) and secondary (all-cause, ischemic heart disease, and stroke mortality) end points...
November 16, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851762/optimizing-siem-throughput-on-the-cloud-using-parallelization
#18
Masoom Alam, Asif Ihsan, Muazzam A Khan, Qaisar Javaid, Abid Khan, Jawad Manzoor, Adnan Akhundzada, M Khurram Khan, Sajid Farooq
Processing large amounts of data in real time for identifying security issues pose several performance challenges, especially when hardware infrastructure is limited. Managed Security Service Providers (MSSP), mostly hosting their applications on the Cloud, receive events at a very high rate that varies from a few hundred to a couple of thousand events per second (EPS). It is critical to process this data efficiently, so that attacks could be identified quickly and necessary response could be initiated. This paper evaluates the performance of a security framework OSTROM built on the Esper complex event processing (CEP) engine under a parallel and non-parallel computational framework...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830966/a-deletion-polymorphism-in-the-riz-gene-is-associated-with-increased-progression-of-imatinib-treated-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patients
#19
Rashid Mir, Imtiyaz Ah Najar, Sameer Guru, Jamsheed Javaid, Prasant Yadav, Mirza Masroor, Mariyam Zuberi, Shazia Farooq, Musadiq Bhat, Naresh Gupta, Prakash Chander Ray, Alpana Saxena
RIZ1 encodes a retinoblastoma (Rb)-interacting zinc finger protein, is commonly lost or expressed at reduced levels in cancer cells. The RIZ1 gene locus commonly undergoes LOH in many cancers. Here, we analyzed Proline insertion-deletion polymorphism at amino acid position 704 in the RIZ1 gene and its association with CML. The RIZ1 pro-704 LOH genotypes were determined by AS-PCR in 100 CML patients among which 50 were in CP-CML, 25 in AP-CML, and 25 in BC-CML. Pro704 ins/del polymorphism (LOH) was detected in 27% CML patients...
November 10, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827905/an-improved-forwarding-of-diverse-events-with-mobile-sinks-in-underwater-wireless-sensor-networks
#20
Waseem Raza, Farzana Arshad, Imran Ahmed, Wadood Abdul, Sanaa Ghouzali, Iftikhar Azim Niaz, Nadeem Javaid
In this paper, a novel routing strategy to cater the energy consumption and delay sensitivity issues in deep underwater wireless sensor networks is proposed. This strategy is named as ESDR: Event Segregation based Delay sensitive Routing. In this strategy sensed events are segregated on the basis of their criticality and, are forwarded to their respective destinations based on forwarding functions. These functions depend on different routing metrics like: Signal Quality Index, Localization free Signal to Noise Ratio, Energy Cost Function and Depth Dependent Function...
November 4, 2016: Sensors
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