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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451838/serotype-distribution-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-potential-impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Kaile Chen, Xiyan Zhang, Wei Shan, Genming Zhao, Tao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Thirteen-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV13) was licensed for optional use in mainland China since 2017, but the uptake is low. To update the research evidence for the pneumococcal serotype distribution of pre-PCV era and to estimate the potential impact of PCVs, we performed a meta-analysis on the relevant publications concerning the Chinese population. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted on the pneumococcal serotype distribution publications in mainland China from 2000 to 2016...
February 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451634/-varicella-and-herpes-zoster-challenges-for-public-health
#2
Mirella Vázquez, Patricia Cravioto, Fernando Galván, Diana Guarneros, Víctor Hugo Pastor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological behavior of varicella and herpes zoster (HZ) to determine the need of health policies to diminish prevalence and avoid complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess frequency, we analyzed data from the National Information System for Epidemiological Surveillance (SUIVE) from 2000 to 2013; to assess the discharge data of varicella and HZ, we evaluated information from the National System of health information (Sinais)...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450676/comorbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-increased-risk-for-sickle-cell-disease-morbidity
#3
Tal Katz, Jeffrey Schatz, Carla W Roberts
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) imparts an increased risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in childhood. Studies of pediatric SCD have identified an increased risk for pain and neurologic complications with comorbid OSA. We determined the rate of a broad range of SCD-related medical complications to better characterize the spectrum of SCD complications related to OSA. METHODS: Retrospective chart review at a single hematology clinic identified 641 youth with SCD who received consistent screenings for OSA as part of routine hematological health maintenance visits over an 11-year period...
February 15, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449834/peptidoglycan-recognition-protein-3-does-not-alter-the-outcome-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia-in-mice
#4
Anshu Shrivastav, Alexander N Dabrowski, Claudia Conrad, Nelli Baal, Holger Hackstein, Stephanie Plog, Kristina Dietert, Achim D Gruber, Philippe D N'Guessan, Sahar Aly, Norbert Suttorp, Janine Zahlten
Pneumococci frequently cause community-acquired pneumonia, a disease with high mortality rates, particularly in young children and in the elderly. Endogenous antimicrobial peptides and proteins such as PGLYRP3 may contribute to the progression and outcome of this disease. Since increasing antibiotic resistant strains occur all over the world, these endogenous antimicrobial molecules are interesting new targets for future therapies. In this study, the expression pattern of PGLYRP3 was analyzed in alveolar epithelial cells, alveolar macrophages and neutrophils...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447223/virome-and-bacteriome-characterization-of-children-with-pneumonia-and-asthma-in-mexico-city-during-winter-seasons-2014-and-2015
#5
Jose A Romero-Espinoza, Yazmin Moreno-Valencia, Rodrigo H Coronel-Tellez, Manuel Castillejos-Lopez, Andres Hernandez, Aaron Dominguez, Angel Miliar-Garcia, Arturo Barbachano-Guerrero, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Alejandro Alejandre-Garcia, Joel A Vazquez-Perez
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations and pneumonia are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children and may coexist in the same children, although symptom overlap may lead to difficulties in diagnosis. Microbial and viral diversity and differential abundance of either may play an important role in infection susceptibility and the development of acute and chronic respiratory diseases. OBJECTIVES: To describe the virome and bacteriome present in the upper respiratory tract of hospitalized children with a clinical diagnosis of asthma and pneumonia during an acute exacerbation and an acute respiratory illness ARI episode respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447196/nasopharyngeal-carriage-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-children-5-years-of-age-before-introduction-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-mozambique
#6
Jennifer R Verani, Sérgio Massora, Sozinho Acácio, Rita Teresa Dos Santos, Delfino Vubil, Fabiana Pimenta, Iaci Moura, Cynthia G Whitney, Maria Helena Costa, Eusébio Macete, Maria Benigna Matsinhe, Maria da Gloria Carvalho, Betuel Sigaúque
Nasopharyngeal carriage is a precursor for pneumococcal disease and can be useful for evaluating pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) impact. We studied pre-PCV pneumococcal carriage among HIV-infected and -uninfected children in Mozambique. Between October 2012 and March 2013, we enrolled HIV-infected children age <5 years presenting for routine care at seven HIV clinics in 3 sites, including Maputo (urban-south), Nampula (urban-north), and Manhiça (rural-south). We also enrolled a random sample of HIV-uninfected children <5 years old from a demographic surveillance site in Manhiça...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446483/adenovirus-types-associated-with-severe-respiratory-diseases-a-retrospective-four-year-study-in-kuwait
#7
Wassim Chehadeh, Anfal Al-Adwani, Sonia Elezebeth John, Shaikhah Al-Dhufairi, Hessa Al-Dousari, Maha Alkhaledi, Widad Al-Nakib
Human adenovirus (HAdV) infection can result in a severe respiratory disease. The aim of this study was to identify HAdV types detected in patients hospitalized for severe respiratory illness. The study population consisted of 743 patients with severe respiratory disease admitted to four major hospitals in Kuwait between January 2013 and December 2016. Respiratory specimens were retrospectively screened for 20 respiratory viruses by real-time PCR. The HAdV hexon gene was amplified and directly sequenced, and HAdV types were identified by performing Bayesian phylogenetic analysis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444701/a-case-series-on-common-cold-to-severe-bronchiolitis-and-pneumonia-in-children-following-human-metapneumovirus-infection-in-sri-lanka
#8
J A A S Jayaweera, F Noordeen, S Kothalaweala, F N N Pitchai, M L M Rayes
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of hMPV infections in Sri Lanka has not been reported and here we report a case series of hMPV infection in children less than 5 years. Patients with ARTI were included from Teaching Hospital, Anuradhapura from March 2013 to August 2014. Indirect fluorescence assay was performed on nasopharyngeal aspirates for the identification of respiratory viruses [respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus 1, 2 and 3, influenza A and B and hMPV]. Moreover, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was done to further confirm the hMPV infection...
February 14, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442395/paediatric-thoracic-empyema-in-the-tropical-north-queensland-region-of-australia-epidemiological-trends-over-a-decade
#9
Anil Gautam, Gregory G Wiseman, Marika L Goodman, Simon Ahmedpour, Daniel Lindsay, Adele Heyer, Harry Stalewski, Robert E Norton, Andrew V White
AIM: The Townsville Hospital and Health Service is the regional referral centre for children in the north of Queensland. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people make up 7-10% of the population. Increasing numbers of children with paediatric thoracic empyema (pTE) are being referred to Townsville Hospital and Health Service for management. This study aims to describe the incidence rates, epidemiology, microbiology and trends of this disease in North Queensland over a 10-year period...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441886/effects-and-mechanisms-of-ambroxol-inhalation-mucosolvan-%C3%A2-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-pneumonia
#10
Zuqin Yang, Xiuman Xiao, Yumei Huang, Xiaoxiao He, Qinqin Lu, Shangqin Chen, Zhenlang Lin
Neonatal pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality in children aged <5 years. Ambroxol (Mucosolvan®) is a mucolytic and secretolytic drug and belongs to the group of expectorants with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The purpose of the present study was to observe the effects and mechanisms of Mucosolvan ® inhalation on neonatal pneumonia. Between January 2014 and October 2015, a total of 80 newborns with pneumonia were randomly divided into control and observation groups. While the patients in the control group were treated with conventional treatment only, those patients in the observation group were treated with Mucosolvan® in addition to the conventional treatment...
October 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441651/invasive-pneumococcal-infections-in-pediatric-liver-small-bowel-pancreas-transplant-recipients
#11
Hanh D Vo, Diana F Florescu, Cindy R Brown, Heather E Chambers, David F Mercer, Luciano M Vargas, Wendy J Grant, Alan N Langnas, Ruben E Quiros-Tejeira
Children undergoing LSBPTx are at increased risk of IPI due to splenectomy. We aimed to describe the clinical features and outcomes of IPI in pediatric LSBPTx recipients. Between 2008 and 2016, 122 LSBPTx children at our center were retrospectively reviewed. Nine patients had 12 episodes of IPI; the median age at first infection was 3.5 years (range: 1.5-7.1 years). The median time from transplant to first infection was 3 years (range: 0.8-5.8 years). Clinical presentation included as follows: pneumonia (n = 1), bacteremia/sepsis (n = 7), pneumonia with sepsis (n = 1), meningitis with sepsis (n = 2), pneumonia and meningitis with sepsis (n = 1)...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440952/antibiotic-treatment-in-childhood-community-acquired-pneumonia-clinical-practice-versus-guidelines-results-from-two-university-hospitals
#12
Sorin Claudiu Man, Valentina Sas, Cristina Schnell, Camelia Florea, Adelina Ţuţu, Ariana Szilágyi, Sergiu Belenes, Amalia Hebriştean, Anca Bonaţ, Claudia Cladovan, Cornel Aldea
Background and aims: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a both common and serious childhood infection. Antibiotic treatment guidelines help to reduce inadequate antibiotics prescriptions. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study at the Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, 3rd Pediatric Clinic, Cluj-Napoca and Dr. Gavril Curteanu Clinical City Hospital, in Oradea. All patients discharged with a diagnosis of CAP between December 1, 2014 and February 28, 2015, were included in the study...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438527/effects-of-hospital-practice-patterns-for-antibiotic-administration-for-pneumonia-on-hospital-lengths-of-stay-and-costs
#13
Eric W Christensen, Alicen Burns Spaulding, William F Pomputius, Steven P Grapentine
Background: Hospital practice patterns vary for switching from intravenous to oral antibiotics for community-acquired pneumonia in pediatric patients, but it is unknown how these practice patterns affect hospital lengths of stay and costs. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 78673 pediatric patients (aged 3 months to 17 years) hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia. Analyses were performed with data from the Pediatric Health Information System between 2007 and 2016, including discharge data from 48 freestanding children's hospitals...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436781/rsv-prophylaxis-guideline-changes-and-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Adam S Walpert, Ian D Thomas, Merlin C Lowe, Michael D Seckeler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare inpatient outcomes and costs for children with respiratory syncytial virus and congenital heart disease before and after the change in management guidelines for respiratory syncytial virus prophylaxis. DESIGN: Hospital discharge data from the Vizient (formerly University HealthSystem Consortium) were queried from October 2012 to June 2014 (Era 1) and July 2014 to April 2016 (Era 2) for patients aged <24 months with an any International Classification of Disease (ICD)-9 or ICD-10 code for congenital heart disease (745-747...
February 13, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432657/clinical-profile-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacterial-isolates-and-factors-associated-with-complications-in-culture-proven-typhoid-patients-admitted-to-an-urban-hospital-in-bangladesh
#15
Halima Khatun, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Syed Aminul Islam, Baitun Nahar, Md Nur Haque Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Typhoid fever is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in typhoid endemic countries like Bangladesh. However, data on the clinical and microbiological profile as well as factors associated with complications of typhoid in Bangladesh are scarce. We intended to characterize the clinical and microbiological profile of culture-proven typhoid fever and to identify factors associated with complications. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of clinical data from 431 patients with culture-confirmed typhoid fever admitted to Dhaka hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, between January 2010 and December 2014...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432305/pediatric-bronchial-carcinoid-tumors-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Samara L Potter, Josephine HaDuong, Fatih Okcu, Hao Wu, Murali Chintagumpala, Rajkumar Venkatramani
Bronchial carcinoid tumor, while rare, remains the most common primary malignant lung tumor in children. We present a retrospective analysis of 7 patients with typical bronchial carcinoid tumors diagnosed at 2 pediatric tertiary care referral centers between 1990 and 2014. The most common presenting symptom was pneumonia, followed by respiratory distress. Somatostatin scans were performed in selected patients. All patients had negative resection margin following surgery and were alive without disease at last follow-up...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432224/extra-pulmonary-diseases-related-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-children-recent-insights-into-the-pathogenesis
#17
Dimitri Poddighe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Providing an overview on Mycoplasma pneumoniae-related extra-pulmonary diseases (MpEPDs) in children, who represent the preferred target population by those complications, and discussing the main pathogenic mechanisms implicated or potentially involved. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidences supported the fact that M. pneumoniae is more than an extra-cellular pathogen colonizing epithelial cells of the respiratory tract. It is able to penetrate the cell membrane of host cells and to invade the respiratory mucosa, leading to pronounced inflammatory responses and also spreading outside the respiratory system, to some extent...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429466/-recurrent-convulsion-and-pulmonary-infection-complicated-by-psychomotor-retardation-in-an-infant
#18
Juan Xiong, Jing Peng, Hao-Lin Duan, Chen Chen, Xiao-Le Wang, Shi-Meng Chen, Fei Yin
A 4-month-old girl developed convulsion in the neonatal period, which was focal motor seizures in the initial stage and later became spasm and tonic spasm. And the girl also had psychomotor retardation and recurrent pulmonary infection. Electroencephalography showed hypsarrhythmia, normal results were obtained from cranial magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid examination, and urine organic acid analysis, as well as the spectral analyses of blood ammonia, blood lactic acid, blood amino acids, and acylcarnitines...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429465/-effect-of-vitamin-a-as-an-adjuvant-therapy-for-pneumonia-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#19
Nan Hu, Qu-Bei Li, Shan-Ye Zou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and safety of vitamin A supplementation in children with pneumonia through a systematic review. METHODS: Cochrane Library, EMbase, PubMed, China Biology Medicine disc, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on vitamin A as an adjuvant therapy for pneumonia in children. Two reviewers independently screened the studies and evaluated their quality according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429459/-clinical-effect-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-powder-combined-with-azithromycin-sequential-therapy-in-treatment-of-children-with-diarrhea-secondary-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#20
Qi-Fen Chen, Yi-Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of Saccharomyces boulardii powder combined with azithromycin sequential therapy in the treatment of children with diarrhea secondary to Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. METHODS: A total of 88 children with diarrhea secondary to Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia between June 2015 and March 2017 were divided into control group and study group using a random number table, with 44 children in each group. The children in the control group were given routine treatment combined with azithromycin sequential therapy, and those in the study group were given oral Saccharomyces boulardii powder in addition to the treatment in the control group until the end of azithromycin sequential therapy...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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