keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guidelines in childrens

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108245/japanese-guidelines-for-childhood-asthma-2017
#1
REVIEW
Hirokazu Arakawa, Yuhei Hamasaki, Yoichi Kohno, Motohiro Ebisawa, Naomi Kondo, Sankei Nishima, Toshiyuki Nishimuta, Akihiro Morikawa
The Japanese Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Diseases 2017 (JAGL 2017) includes a minor revision of the Japanese Pediatric Guideline for the Treatment and Management of Asthma 2012 (JPGL 2012) by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology. The section on child asthma in JAGL 2017 provides information on how to diagnose asthma between infancy and adolescence (0-15 years of age). It makes recommendations for best practices in the management of childhood asthma, including management of acute exacerbations and non-pharmacological and pharmacological management...
January 18, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107572/introduction-of-a-new-paediatric-asthma-guideline-effects-on-asthma-control-levels
#2
S C Hammer, L J H Sonneveld, K D G van de Kant, H J Hendriks, J W Heynens, R Droog, E Dompeling, Q Jöbsis
BACKGROUND: In 2008, a new national paediatric asthma management guideline based on the international Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guideline, was launched in the Netherlands. We studied whether asthma control and treatment regimens improved after introduction of the guideline by comparing survey data before and after the guideline introduction. METHODS: Two comparable groups of children (6-16 years) with asthma were included before (2004) and after (2013) the introduction of the guideline...
January 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107473/butimba-intensifying-the-hunt-for-child-tb-in-swaziland-through-household-contact-tracing
#3
Anna Maria Mandalakas, Katherine Ngo, Pilar Alonso Ustero, Rachel Golin, Florence Anabwani, Bulisile Mzileni, Welile Sikhondze, Robert Stevens
BACKGROUND: Limited data exists to inform contact tracing guidelines in children and HIV-affected populations. We evaluated the yield and additionality of household contact and source case investigations in Swaziland, a TB/HIV high-burden setting, while prioritizing identification of childhood TB. METHODS: In partnership with 7 local TB clinics, we implemented standardized contact tracing of index cases (IC) receiving TB treatment. Prioritizing child contacts and HIV-affected households, screening officers screened contacts for TB symptoms and to identify risk factors associated with TB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107283/naspghan-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-recommendations-from-the-expert-committee-on-nafld-econ-and-the-north-american-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#4
Miriam B Vos, Stephanie H Abrams, Sarah E Barlow, Sonia Caprio, Stephen R Daniels, Rohit Kohli, Marialena Mouzaki, Pushpa Sathya, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Shikha S Sundaram, Stavra A Xanthakos
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a highly prevalent chronic liver disease that occurs in the setting of insulin resistance and increased adiposity. It has rapidly evolved into the most common liver disease seen in the pediatric population and is a management challenge for general pediatric practitioners, subspecialists, and for health systems. In this guideline, the expert committee on NAFLD reviewed and summarized the available literature, formulating recommendations to guide screening and clinical care of children with NAFLD...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#5
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106792/prevalence-and-correlates-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-children-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#6
Peige Song, Jinyue Yu, Xinlei Chang, Manli Wang, Lin An
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is generally defined as a cluster of metabolically related cardiovascular risk factors which are often associated with the condition of insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, and abdominal obesity. During the past decades, MetS has become a major public health issue worldwide in both adults and children. In this study, data from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS) was used to assess the prevalence of MetS based on both the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) guidelines and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria, and to evaluate its possible correlates...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#7
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104379/a-thoracic-parasternal-granular-cell-tumor-in-a-child-about-one-case-and-review-of-the-literature-discussion-about-treatment-guidelines-is-complete-resection-compulsory
#8
C Jaloux, N Degardin, M Cegarra-Escolano, M C Habib, C Philandrianos, D Casanova
Granular cell tumor is a well known soft tissue tumor, very rare in children; we describe here the first case of GCT in this particular location in a child. The diagnostic is easily done with histopathology. The treatment is based on the complete resection, no other validated treatment exists. We reviewed the literature to find out if it would be safe to consider a simple follow-up after partial resection of the tumor.
January 16, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104362/use-of-management-pathways-or-algorithms-in-children-with-chronic-cough-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#9
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles M Weinberger, Bruce K Rubin, Kelly Weir, Cameron C Grant, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Using management algorithms or pathways potentially improves clinical outcomes. We undertook systematic reviews to examine various aspects in the generic approach (use of cough algorithms and tests) to the management of chronic cough in children (aged ≤14-years) based on key questions using the PICO format. METHODS: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol for the systematic reviews and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework...
January 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102830/can-exhaled-volatile-organic-compounds-predict-asthma-exacerbations-in-children
#10
Dillys van Vliet, Agnieszka Smolinska, Quirijn Jöbsis, Jean Muris, Philippe Rosias, Jan Dallinga, Edward Dompeling, Frederik van Schooten
Background Asthma control falls short of current goals of asthma management guidelines. Non-invasive monitoring of airway inflammation may help to improve the level of asthma control in children. Aim 1) To identify a set of exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that is most predictive for an asthma exacerbation in children. 2) To determine the chemical background of predictive VOCs. Methods In an one-year prospective observational study, 96 asthmatic children were studied . At clinical visits with an interval of 2 months, asthma control, fractional exhaled nitric oxide, lung function (FEV1, FEV1/VC) and VOCs in exhaled breath were determined by means of gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100321/-application-of-esmolol-in-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#11
Lei Zhu, Bo-Xiang Qi, Dai-Hua Fang, Gong-Jian Qi, Kun Gao, Bao-Li Hu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effect and mechanism of action of esmolol in the treatment of severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed. A total of 102 children with severe HFMD were enrolled in the study and were randomly divided into conventional treatment and esmolol treatment groups (n=51 each). The children in the conventional treatment group were given conventional treatment according to the guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of HFMD...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099433/defining-seropositivity-thresholds-for-use-in-trachoma-elimination-studies
#12
Stephanie J Migchelsen, Diana L Martin, Khamphoua Southisombath, Patrick Turyaguma, Anne Heggen, Peter Paul Rubangakene, Hassan Joof, Pateh Makalo, Gretchen Cooley, Sarah Gwyn, Anthony W Solomon, Martin J Holland, Paul Courtright, Rebecca Willis, Neal D E Alexander, David C W Mabey, Chrissy H Roberts
BACKGROUND: Efforts are underway to eliminate trachoma as a public health problem by 2020. Programmatic guidelines are based on clinical signs that correlate poorly with Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection in post-treatment and low-endemicity settings. Age-specific seroprevalence of anti Ct Pgp3 antibodies has been proposed as an alternative indicator of the need for intervention. To standardise the use of these tools, it is necessary to develop an analytical approach that performs reproducibly both within and between studies...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099382/failure-of-nonoperative-management-of-pediatric-blunt-liver-and-spleen-injuries-a-prospective-atomac-study
#13
Maria E Linnaus, Crystal S Langlais, Nilda M Garcia, Adam C Alder, James W Eubanks, R Todd Maxson, Robert W Letton, Todd A Ponsky, Shawn D St Peter, Charles Leys, Amina Bhatia, Daniel J Ostlie, David W Tuggle, Karla A Lawson, Alexander R Raines, David M Notrica
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management (NOM) is standard of care for most pediatric blunt liver and spleen injuries (BLSI); only 5% of patients fail NOM in retrospective reports. No prospective studies examine failure of NOM of BLSI in children. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of failure of NOM in pediatric BLSI patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on patients ≤18 years presenting to any of ten level 1 pediatric trauma centers April 2013 and January 2016 with BLSI on computed tomography...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099181/adverse-events-and-risk-factors-during-emergency-intubation-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-emergency-department
#14
Ruth M C Löllgen, Jennifer Pontin, Matthew Gow, Mary E McCaskill
BACKGROUND: Rapid sequence intubation and emergency intubation in the emergency department (ED) can be life-saving procedures, but require the appropriate skills, experience and preparation to avoid complications ranging from simple trauma to life-threatening desaturation. Only scarce data exist in the published literature on complications following emergency intubation in children and most guidelines are extrapolated from the adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all emergency intubations of patients in our tertiary paediatric ED within a 2-year period to estimate the incidence of complications and to analyse the risk factors associated with this procedure...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099127/prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequences-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kashmir-india
#15
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Ahmad Wani, Aafia Rashid, Showkat Ali Zargar, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Obesity among children and adolescents is a growing public health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and metabolic consequences of obesity among schoolchildren from Kashmir, India. METHODS: The study subjects (n=2024) included 870 boys and 1154 girls, aged between 6 and 18 years. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was obtained about different lifestyles, anthropometric parameters and dietary habits...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099064/surgical-intervention-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-pediatric-population-when-and-why
#16
Fanny Yeung, Patrick H Y Chung, Esther L Y Hung, Chi Sum Yuen, Paul K H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax in pediatric patients is relatively uncommon. The management strategy varies in different centers due to dearth of evidence-based pediatric guidelines. In this study, we reviewed our experience of thoracoscopic management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in children and identified risk factors associated with postoperative air leakage and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients who had PSP and underwent surgical management in our institution between April 2008 and March 2015...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098954/use-of-play-therapy-in-nursing-process-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Emel Sezici, Ayse Ferda Ocakci, Hasibe Kadioglu
PURPOSE: Play therapy is a nursing intervention employed in multidisciplinary approaches to develop the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of children. In this study, we aim to determine the effects of play therapy on the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of pre-school children through the nursing process. DESIGN: A single-blind, prospective, randomized controlled study was undertaken. The design, conduct, and reporting of this study adhere to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097779/the-mcgill-interactive-pediatric-oncogenetic-guidelines-an-approach-to-identifying-pediatric-oncology-patients-most-likely-to-benefit-from-a-genetic-evaluation
#18
Catherine Goudie, Hallie Coltin, Leora Witkowski, Stephanie Mourad, David Malkin, William D Foulkes
Identifying cancer predisposition syndromes in children with tumors is crucial, yet few clinical guidelines exist to identify children at high risk of having germline mutations. The McGill Interactive Pediatric OncoGenetic Guidelines project aims to create a validated pediatric guideline in the form of a smartphone/tablet application using algorithms to process clinical data and help determine whether to refer a child for genetic assessment. This paper discusses the initial stages of the project, focusing on its overall structure, the methodology underpinning the algorithms, and the upcoming algorithm validation process...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097194/the-mystery-of-the-z-score
#19
REVIEW
Alexander E Curtis, Tanya A Smith, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
Reliable methods for measuring the thoracic aorta are critical for determining treatment strategies in aneurysmal disease. Z-scores are a pragmatic alternative to raw diameter sizes commonly used in adult medicine. They are particularly valuable in the pediatric population, who undergo rapid changes in physical development. The advantage of the Z-score is its inclusion of body surface area (BSA) in determining whether an aorta is within normal size limits. Therefore, Z-scores allow us to determine whether true pathology exists, which can be challenging in growing children...
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095939/safe-balloon-sizing-for-endoscopic-dilatation-of-subglottic-stenosis-in-children
#20
S D Sharma, S L Gupta, M Wyatt, D Albert, B Hartley
OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience and provide guidelines for maximum safe balloon sizes according to age in children undergoing balloon dilatation. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted of children undergoing balloon dilatation for subglottic stenosis in a paediatric tertiary unit between May 2006 and February 2016. RESULTS: A total of 166 patients underwent balloon dilatation. Mean ( ± standard deviation) patient age was 4.5 ± 3...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
keyword
keyword
112100
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"