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Portal vein chemotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753461/hepatic-venous-pressure-gradient-after-portal-vein-embolization-an-accurate-predictor-of-future-liver-remnant-hypertrophy
#1
Kayvan Mohkam, Agnès Rode, Benjamin Darnis, Anne-Frédérique Manichon, Loïc Boussel, Christian Ducerf, Philippe Merle, Mickaël Lesurtel, Jean-Yves Mabrut
BACKGROUND: The impact of portal hemodynamic variations after portal vein embolization on liver regeneration remains unknown. We studied the correlation between the parameters of hepatic venous pressure measured before and after portal vein embolization and future hypertrophy of the liver remnant after portal vein embolization. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2017, we reviewed patients who were eligible for major hepatectomy and who had portal vein embolization. Patients had undergone simultaneous measurement of portal venous pressure and hepatic venous pressure gradient before and after portal vein embolization by direct puncture of portal vein and inferior vena cava...
May 9, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719286/serial-assessment-of-growth-factors-associated-with-liver-regeneration-in-patients-operated-with-associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy
#2
Ernesto Sparrelid, Helene Johansson, Stefan Gilg, Greg Nowak, Ewa Ellis, Bengt Isaksson
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about the mechanisms behind the unparalleled growth of the future liver remnant (FLR) linked to associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS). In this study, liver regenerative markers were examined in patients subjected to ALPPS. METHODS: Ten patients with colorectal liver metastases treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and ALPPS were included. Plasma was sampled at 6 time points and biopsies from both liver lobes were collected at both stages of ALPPS...
May 2, 2018: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650939/-a-case-of-successful-treatment-with-gemcitabine-plus-nab-paclitaxel-therapy-for-nonresected-pancreatic-body-cancer-stage-ivb
#3
Jun Kaneko, Ayako Kamiya, Kenta Kobayashi, Yasushi Takatsuno, Ito Kondoh, Kentaro Maejima, Jun Isogai, Kumi Hasegawa, Takeshi Endo, Shizuaki Maejima
A 61-year-old woman was introduced for consultation with a chief complaint of frequent vomiting. CT revealed a pancreatic body cancer approximately 40mm in size; an invading stenosis from the horizontal part of the duodenum to the jejunum, superior mesenteric artery, and portal vein, splenic vein obstruction, lymphadenopathy, and some ascitic fluid. We diagnosed a passage disorder due to the invasive stenosis from the horizontal part of the duodenum of the pancreatic body cancer to the jejunum, and subsequently performed a duodenum and jejunum bypass operation...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650855/-a-case-of-double-cancer-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-and-gastric-carcinoma-with-difficult-diagnosis-of-the-primary-tumor-with-peritoneal-metastasis
#4
Hiroyuki Kanomata, Yasuji Seyama, Hiroki Kudo, Toru Tanizawa, Masahiro Warabi, Masamichi Takahashi, Yujiro Matsuoka, Ikuo Wada, Masayuki Takegami, Yukio Miyamoto, Nobutaka Umekita
Double cancer of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gastric cancer is rare. A 62-year-old man underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The pathological findings were tub1>tub2, m, ly0, v0, n0, Stage I A. Two years and a month later, a liver tumor(diameter of 3 cm)and a pelvic mass(diameter of 2.5 cm)were observed. Metastasis from gastric cancer was suspected and chemotherapy(SOX)was administered. However, after 5 courses, CT revealed worseningof the liver tumor (diameter of 12 cm)and pelvic mass(diameter of 3 cm)...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629319/liver-transplantation-for-unresectable-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-liver-metastases-in-an-era-of-transplant-oncology
#5
REVIEW
Keita Shimata, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Taizo Hibi
Patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) very often present with a metastatic disease at the first diagnosis. Liver transplantation (LT) for unresectable pNET with liver metastases (pNETLM) has been described to prolong survival in highly selected patients, although outcomes were worse than those of patients who underwent LT for gastrointestinal NETLM (GI-NETLM). In this review, several proposed criteria are described with their rationale and controversies. Most of the data used to establish these criteria do not reflect the recent improvements of non-surgical treatments that has changed the landscape of treatment for pNETs, including the development of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy and molecular-targeted agents (sunitinib and everolimus)...
February 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620955/the-anatomy-features-and-variations-of-the-point-where-right-gastroepiploic-vein-flows-into-superior-mesenteric-vein-portal-vein-anatomical-study-of-catheterization-of-portal-vein-infusion-chemotherapy
#6
Xingxing Liu, Jian Yang, Xia-Xi Li, Nan Xiang, Ning Zeng, Ying-Fang Fan, Chi-Hua Fang
INTRODUCTION: To study the anatomical features and classification of the angle between the right gastroepiploic vein (RGEV) and superior mesenteric vein/portal vein (SMV/PV) and to guide the catheterization of intraportal infusion chemotherapy through RGEV and reduce surgical complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography study was undertaken on 200 consecutive subjects with or without hepatic malignant tumors with a dedicated workstation 3D-MIA (the improved MI-3DVS workstation) developed by ourselves to determine the prevalence of surgically significant angle between RGEV and SMV/PV anatomic variations and its classification...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561438/small-intestinal-obstruction-due-to-the-metastasis-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-a-case-report
#7
Shintaro Akiyama, Masakazu Nagahori, Shinya Oooka, Mariko Negi, Takashi Ito, Kento Takenaka, Kazuo Ohtsuka, Mamoru Watanabe
RATIONALE: The small intestine (SI) does not commonly harbor cancer but is occasionally involved by metastatic cancer from other organs. To manage SI cancer appropriately, surveillance for primary origin outside the SI is essential. PATIENT CONCERNS: This study presents a 54-year-old Thai man diagnosed with SI obstruction which required laparoscopy- assisted partial ileal resection. DIAGNOSES: On the basis of the expression pattern of cytokeratins (CKs) and mucins (MUCs) in the resected SI adenocarcinoma, we suspected this was metastasized from the pancreatobiliary tract...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515345/adult-presentation-of-noncirrhotic-portal-hypertension-and-ascites-following-treatment-for-wilms-tumor-in-childhood
#8
Linda Kievit, Pia Kræmer, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit, Henning Grønbæk
A 37-year-old male, who at the age of 8 years had been treated for right-sided Wilms' tumor with nephrectomy, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, presented with noncirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH), grade 2 esophageal varices, and ascites. A CT scan demonstrated hypoplasia of liver segments 2 and 3. A liver biopsy showed portal tract fibrosis without cirrhosis, with histological features of NCPH. Liver vein catheterization showed a normal portal pressure gradient of 5 mm Hg while spleen to hepatic vein pressure was 29 mm Hg...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483452/-a-case-of-transverse-colon-cancer-with-liver-metastasis-and-tumor-thrombosis-of-portal-vein-effectively-treated-with-chemotherapy
#9
Toshiaki Aida, Masayuki Shiobara, Kazuo Wakatsuki, Shuka Arai, Kosuke Suda, Kotaro Miyazawa, Tetsutaro Miyoshi, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Shigeru Yoshioka
The patient was a 70-year-old man. He was diagnosed with advanced transverse colon cancer. A computed tomography (CT)revealed liver metastasis and tumor thrombosis of portal vein. We started combination chemotherapy with capecita- bine/oxaliplatin(CapeOX). Perforation of the tumor was observed 5 days after CapeOX therapy was started. Treatment with abscess drainage and ileostmy, infection was controlled and general condition was improved. After 9 courses of CapeOX, we changed chemotherapy regimen to irinotecan/tegafur-gimeracil-oteracilpotassium (IRIS)due to strong side effects...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483443/-conversion-surgery-for-pancreatic-head-cancer-with-peritoneal-dissemination-following-chemotherapy-for-two-years-a-case-report
#10
Yuuri Hatsuzawa, Masamichi Mizuma, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Tatsuo Hata, Masahiro Iseki, Tatsuyuki Takadate, Hideo Ohtsuka, Naoaki Sakata, Takanori Morikawa, Kei Nakagawa, Hiroki Hayashi, Takeshi Naitoh, Atsushi Kanno, Tooru Shimosegawa, Michiaki Unno
Here we report a case of pancreatic cancer(PC)with peritoneal dissemination, underwent conversion surgery following chemotherapy for 2 years. A5 5-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for treatment of PC. Abdominal CT scan revealed 3.0 cm of a pancreatic head tumor with abutment of the portal vein and the hepatic artery, classified as borderline resectable. Staging laparoscopy(SL)showed positive peritoneal cytology(CY). Gemcitabine(Gem)plus S-1 therapy(GS) was performed. Ten months after initial GS, SL revealed the disseminated nodule and positive CY...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483426/-a-case-of-a-long-term-survivor-who-underwent-surgical-intervention-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-combined-with-tumor-thrombus-in-the-main-trunkof-the-portal-vein
#11
Shigeru Fujisaki, Motoi Takashina, Ryouichi Tomita, Kenichi Sakurai, Tadatoshi Takayama
We reported a patient survived more than 7years after undergoing hepatectomy accompanied by tumor thrombectomy in the main trunk of the portal vein after preoperative hepatic arterial chemotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma combined with tumor thrombus in the main portal vein. A 58-year-old man underwent hepatic arterial infusion therapy with 5-fluorouracil( 5-FU)plus cisplatin(CDDP)for 6 weeks for a solitary 7cm nodule of hepatocellular carcinoma on the liver(S6) with tumor thrombus in the main portal vein...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428943/comparison-of-outcome-of-hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-combined-with-radiotherapy-and-sorafenib-for-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-with-major-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kenichiro Kodama, Tomokazu Kawaoka, Hiroshi Aikata, Shinsuke Uchikawa, Yuno Nishida, Yuki Inagaki, Masahiro Hatooka, Kei Morio, Takashi Nakahara, Eisuke Murakami, Masataka Tsuge, Akira Hiramatsu, Michio Imamura, Yoshiiku Kawakami, Keiichi Masaki, Yoji Honda, Nami Mori, Shintaro Takaki, Keiji Tsuji, Hirotaka Kohno, Hiroshi Kohno, Takashi Moriya, Michihiro Nonaka, Hideyuki Hyogo, Yasuyuki Aisaka, Tomoki Kimura, Yasushi Nagata, Kazuaki Chayama
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy (HAIC + RT) versus sorafenib monotherapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and major portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). METHODS: This retrospective study included 108 HCC patients with PVTT of the main trunk or first branch and Child-Pugh ≤7. Sixty-eight received HAIC + RT and 40 received sorafenib. Patients were then assigned to the HAIC + RT group (n = 36) and the sorafenib group (n = 36) through case-control matching...
2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414805/a-novel-approach-for-hepatic-arterial-reconstruction-after-total-pancreatectomy-with-common-hepatic-artery-resection-using-inferior-phrenic-artery
#13
Takatsugu Matsumoto, Keiichi Kubota, Taku Aoki, Takayuki Shimizu, Shozo Mori, Masato Kato, Hirotaka Asato
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Because of the anatomical characteristics, pancreatic cancers (PC) can easily invade to visceral vessels such as celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery, common hepatic artery (CHA) and portal vein, which makes curative resection difficult. In this study, we report an R0 resection for locally advanced PC by total pancreatectomy, combined resection of CHA, and reconstruction of hepatic artery using autologous left inferior phrenic artery (IPA). METHODS: A 47-year-old woman with complaints of low back pain was referred to our department...
February 7, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396792/role-of-interventional-radiology-in-managing-pediatric-liver-tumors-part-2-percutaneous-interventions
#14
REVIEW
C Matthew Hawkins, Alexander J Towbin, Derek J Roebuck, Eric J Monroe, Anne E Gill, Avnesh S Thakor, Richard B Towbin, Anne Marie Cahill, Matthew P Lungren
Hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are the most common pediatric liver malignancies, with hepatoblastoma occurring more commonly in younger children and HCC occurring more commonly in older children and adolescents. Although surgical resection (including transplant when necessary) and systemic chemotherapy have improved overall survival rate for hepatoblastoma to approximately 80% from 30%, a number of children with this tumor type are not eligible for operative treatment. In contradistinction, pediatric HCC continues to carry a dismal prognosis with an overall 5-year survival rate of 30%...
April 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394831/-a-case-of-a-two-stage-hepatectomy-for-irresectable-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#15
Yoshiro Yukawa, Kohei Murata, Yoshinori Kagawa, Takuya Sakamoto, Junichi Inatome, Atsushi Naito, Kohei Murakami, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Atsushi Takeno, Chiyomi Egawa, Shinichi Nakatsuka, Takeshi Kato, Shigeyuki Tamura, Yutaka Takeda
A 60-year-oldman was diagnosedwith ascending colon cancer with multiple bilobar metastases. He then received7 courses of tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil andoxaliplatin (SOX)plus panitumumab as downstaging chemotherapy. This treatment significantly reducedthe size of the metastatic tumor, andwe subsequently triedto perform a curative resection. A twostage hepatectomy was plannedto avoidthe risk of hepatic failure from small future liver remnant. First, the anterior segmentectomy andthe left portal vein ligation were performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394731/-a-case-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis-treated-successfully-with-multidisciplinary-therapy-including-preoperative-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt
#16
Sadaaki Nishimura, Akira Tomokuni, Shogo Kobayashi, Kei Asukai, Hirofumi Akita, Hidenori Takahashi, Yoshitomo Yanagimoto, Yusuke Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Keijiro Sugimura, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Takeshi Ohmori, Masayuki Ohue, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
A 61-year-old man untreated with hepatitis C virus presented to our hospital.He was diagnosed advanced hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with portal vein tumor thrombosis(PVTT).The hazy tumor was located in the left lobe, and the tumor thrombus extended into the left portal vein.The patient received stereotactic body radiotherapy(SBRT, 48 Gy/4 Fr)for PVTT. The extended left lobectomy with thrombectomy was performed 12 days after SBRT.Resected specimen was diagnosed histopathologically as a poorly differentiated HCC, vp1, and no viable tumor cells in the tumor thrombosis...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394691/-a-case-of-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer-r0-resection-was-performed-by-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-portal-vein-resection-following-neoadjuvant-therapy
#17
Sayaka Amano, Susumu Shibasaki, Shinpei Furuta, Shinichi Kadoya, Kenji Kikuchi, Yoshinori Ishida, Kazuki Inaba, Ichiro Uyama
A 76-year-old woman, complained of weight loss, was admitted in our hospital. After investigation, she was diagnosed with clinical Stage III B gastric cancer with invasion into the pancreas and transverse colon. After performing the staging laparoscopy and gastrojejunostomy for pyloric stenosis, she was treated with 2 courses of SOX therapy as neoadjuvant therapy, and subsequently underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and right hemicolectomy combined with portal vein resection due to severe adhesion by the tumor...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375212/predictive-and-prognostic-value-of-serum-afp-level-and-its-dynamic-changes-in-advanced-gastric-cancer-patients-with-elevated-serum-afp
#18
Ya-Kun Wang, Lin Shen, Xi Jiao, Xiao-Tian Zhang
AIM: To investigate predictive and prognostic value of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level and its dynamic changes in patients with advanced gastric cancer with elevated serum AFP (AFPAGC). METHODS: One hundred and five patients with AFPAGC were enrolled in the study, and all of them underwent at least one cycle of systemic chemotherapy at our institute and had serum AFP ≥ 20 ng/mL at diagnosis or recurrence. Clinicopathologic features, serum AFP level at diagnosis and changes during treatment, first-line chemotherapy regimens, efficacy and toxicity, and survival information were collected...
January 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366520/clinical-significance-of-soluble-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-spd-l1-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy
#19
Hyun Ju Kim, Sangjoon Park, Kyoung-Jin Kim, Jinsil Seong
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical implications of the soluble programmed cell death-ligand 1 (sPD-L1) level in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). MATERIALS/METHODS: HCC patients treated with RT between June 2011 and March 2015 were prospectively recruited and sPD-L1 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Blood samples were obtained at the RT start, RT end, and 1-month follow-up. The associations of the sPD-L1 level with the clinical features and outcomes were analyzed...
January 20, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359012/hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombus
#20
REVIEW
Toshiya Kamiyama, Tatsuhiko Kakisaka, Tatsuya Orimo, Kenji Wakayama
Despite surgical removal of tumors with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, early recurrence tends to occur, and overall survival (OS) periods remain extremely short. The role that hepatectomy may play in long-term survival for HCC with PVTT has not been established. The operative mortality of hepatectomy for HCC with PVTT has also not been reviewed. Hence, we reviewed recent literature to assess these parameters. The OS of patients who received hepatectomy in conjunction with multidisciplinary treatment tended to be superior to that of patients who did not...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
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