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Portal vein chemotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223678/-conversion-surgery-for-initially-unresectable-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-following-gemcitabine-plus-nab-paclitaxel-a-case-report
#1
Shuji Nakamoto, Ryo Nishiyama, Takayoshi Kaneda, Mitsuo Yokota, Hiroshi Kawamata, Hiroshi Tajima, Takashi Kaizu, Yusuke Kumamoto, Hiroshi Yamauchi, Kosuke Okuwaki, Tomohisa Iwai, Hiroshi Imaizumi, Erina Suzuki, Atsuko Hara, Masaaki Ichinoe, Mitsuhiro Kida, Masahiko Watanabe
We report a case of unresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer successfully resected after gemcitabine(GEM)plus nab-paclitaxel(PTX)treatment. A 68-year-old man was referred to our institution with jaundice. We diagnosed pancreatic head cancer using computed tomography(CT)and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. We initially diagnosed it as locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer because of extensive invasion to the portal vein. GEM plus nab- PTX was administered to the patient as systemic chemotherapy...
February 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162923/interferon-based-chemoradiation-followed-by-gemcitabine-for-resected-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-long-term-follow-up
#2
Kerri A Ohman, Jingxia Liu, David C Linehan, Marcus C Tan, Benjamin R Tan, Ryan C Fields, Steven M Strasberg, William G Hawkins
: To report long-term follow up of a phase II, single-arm trial of resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) treated with adjuvant interferon-based chemoradiation followed by gemcitabine to determine survival, recurrence, and complications. METHODS: From 2002 to 2005, 53 patients with PDAC underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and received adjuvant interferon-based chemoradiation consisting of external-beam irradiation and simultaneous 3-drug chemotherapy of continuous daily 5-fluorouracil infusion, weekly intravenous bolus cisplatin, and subcutaneous interferon-α, followed by two months of weekly intravenous gemcitabine...
February 2, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161529/the-charlson-age-comorbidity-index-predicts-prognosis-in-patients-with-resected-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Tomonari Asano, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Norimitsu Yabusaki, Goro Nakayama, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Masahiko Koike, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: The Charlson age comorbidity index (CACI) is a useful measure of comorbidity to standardize the evaluation of surgical patients and has been reported to predict postoperative mortality in various cancers. METHOD: A total of 379 patients who underwent R0/R1 resection for pancreatic cancer between 2003 and 2014 were enrolled in this study. According to the CACI, the age-adjusted comorbidity index was calculated by weighting individual comorbidities; CACI<4 was considered the low-CACI group, whereas CACI≥4 was considered the high-CACI group...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154774/portal-vein-embolization-for-induction-of-selective-hepatic-hypertrophy-prior-to-major-hepatectomy-rationale-techniques-outcomes-and-future-directions
#4
David Li, David C Madoff
The ability to modulate the future liver remnant (FLR) is a key component of modern oncologic hepatobiliary surgery practice and has extended surgical candidacy for patients who may have been previously thought unable to survive liver resection. Multiple techniques have been developed to augment the FLR including portal vein embolization (PVE), associating liver partition and portal vein ligation (ALPPS), and the recently reported transhepatic liver venous deprivation (LVD). PVE is a well-established means to improve the safety of liver resection by redirecting blood flow to the FLR in an effort to selectively hypertrophy and ultimately improve functional reserve of the FLR...
December 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133316/-regrowth-of-isolated-local-residual-tumor-effectively-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy-more-than-five-years-after-a-resection-for-pancreatic-cancer-with-an-involvement-of-the-portal-vein
#5
Tomonori Matsumura, Eishi Totsuka, Kenta Kitamura, Keigo Okada, Satoshi Inose, Motoi Koyama, Naokazu Nakamura, Shigeru Masamura, Kazuhiro Karikomi, Tatsushi Suwa
A 55-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain was diagnosed with pancreatic head cancer involving the portal vein. He underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy without a resection of the portalvein, resulting in a macroscopic residualtumor, because radicalresection was impossible owing to the severe localinvasion. Postoperative chemotherapy( GEM plus S-1)was administered. The tumor size decreased and CA19-9 values normalized. Five years after the resection, chemotherapy was stopped. The regrowth of an isolated local residual tumor without a distant metastasis was diagnosed 65 months after the resection...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133273/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-successfully-treated-with-curative-conversion-surgery-after-chemotherapy-with-s-1-plus-oxaliplatin
#6
Toru Ishiguro, Minoru Fukuchi, Toshiro Ogura, Yu Muta, Erito Mochiki, Hideyuki Ishida
This report describes a patient with unresectable advanced gastric cancer who was successfully treated with potentially curative conversion surgery after chemotherapy with S-1 plus oxaliplatin(SOX). An 82-year-old man was diagnosed with type 5 gastric cancer(por1, HER2-negative)with multiple granular mucosal necroses that had metastasized throughout his body. Computed tomography revealed multiple lymph node metastases, tumor thrombosis in the splenic and portal veins, and peritoneal dissemination. After 9 courses of first-line chemotherapy with SOX, there was no tumor thrombosis in the splenic and portal veins or peritoneal dissemination, and the primary tumor and lymph node metastases were markedly reduced in size, indicative of a partial response(PR)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133266/-a-case-of-recurrent-ovarian-fibrosarcoma-resected-by-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#7
Takuya Mizumoto, Hirochika Toyama, Sadaki Asari, Tadahiro Goto, Sachio Terai, Sachiyo Shirakawa, Yoshihide Nanno, Tetsuo Ajiki, Masahiro Kido, Taku Matsumoto, Motofumi Tanaka, Tetsu Nakamura, Takumi Fukumoto, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yonson Ku
A 66-year-old woman presented to the Department of Gynecology in our institution in 2005 with peritoneal recurrence of ovarian fibrosarcoma. Originally, combined modality therapy including repeated surgical resection and somatic chemotherapy was performed. A peritoneal recurrence was found near the pancreatic head. She was referred to our department in October 2015, and underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. The tumor was severely adhesive to the portal vein and combined portal venous resection was performed. Histological examination of tumor specimens revealed tumor invasion to the adjacent pancreatic parenchyma and portal vein...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133265/-endoscopic-stent-placement-to-alleviate-afferent-loop-syndrome-following-recurrence-of-pancreatic-cancer
#8
Masahiro Murakami, Junzo Shimizu, Chikato Koga, Tae Matsumura, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Masato Yoshikawa, Shingo Noura, Yukihiro Kusumoto, Motohiro Hirao, Masahiko Tsujii, Junichi Hasegawa
We report a case of endoscopic stent placement to alleviate afferent loop syndrome following recurrence of pancreatic cancer. A 73-year-old man who had undergone pancreatic duodenectomy with portal vein resection for pancreatic cancer had developed a local recurrence and was treated with chemotherapy. He developed a high-grade fever and general fatigue, and laboratory data revealed anemia and a high inflammatory reaction; therefore, he was admitted to our hospital. CT scans revealed intestinal stenosis and upper dilatation, known as afferent loop syndrome, caused by the recurrence...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133185/-surgical-resection-for-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-portal-vein-tumor-embolus-two-cases
#9
Hiroshi Noro, Yoshikazu Morimoto, Shohei Takaichi, Chihyon Son, Kazuya Iwamoto, Emiko Kono, Keigo Yasumasa, Takafumi Hirao, Hitoshi Mizuno, Nobutaka Hatanaka, Yoshio Yamasaki
Gastric cancer with portal tumor embolus is rare and there is no definite strategy for its surgical resection. We report 2 cases ofgastric cancer with portal vein tumor embolus treated using gastrectomy and thrombectomy. Case 1: The patient was a 56- year-old man. We performed total gastrectomy, distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, and thrombectomy. The patient was treated with 4 courses ofS -1 plus CDDP chemotherapy followed by S-1 administration. Eight months after surgery, CT revealed metastasis in the left adrenal gland and he died 2 years after surgery...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133175/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-portosystemic-shunt-successfully-treated-with-percutaneous-transvenous-coil-embolization
#10
Kenji Usui, Takaaki Hanyu, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takashi Ishikawa, Yusuke Muneoka, Yu Sato, Yosuke Kano, Takahiro Otani, Mariko Hishiki, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Hitoshi Kameyama, Shinichi Kosugi, Toshifumi Wakai
A 57-year-old man with advanced gastric cancer and multiple liver metastases was referred to our hospital. He underwent a palliative gastrectomy to treat hemorrhage, and S-1 and cisplatin therapy was administered. After 7 courses of chemotherapy, a new liver metastatic lesion and a tumor thrombus in the right portal vein appeared. Moreover, the serum level of ammonia was elevated(296 mg/dL)following a consciousness disorder. Enhanced CT revealed an inferior mesenteric vein to left renal vein shunt, which led to the diagnosis of portal systemic encephalopathy due to portosystemic shunt...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133173/-remission-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-concurrent-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis-via-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#11
Seiko Miura, Nobuhiko Ueda, Hideto Fujita, Shinichi Kinami, Takeo Kosaka, Hiroshi Funaki, Noriaki Sakata, Ryuhei Nishino, Wataru Koda
The following is a case report of moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma of the stomach with widespread thrombosis of the portal vein, for which chemotherapy proved effective. A 75-year-old man presented to the clinic with a new onset ofmalaise. The patient had anemia, elevation ofliver and biliary enzymes, and significantly elevated CA19-9 levels at 43,581 U/mL and CEA levels at 2,560 ng/mL. An upper endoscopy revealed a mass lesion extending from the fundus to the pylorus as well as to the duodenum along the smaller curvature of the stomach...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133129/-huge-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-and-inferior-vena-cava-thrombi-treated-with-curative-liver-resection-and-perioperative-hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#12
Shinsaku Obara, Takeo Nomi, Ichirou Yamato, Daisuke Hokuto, Satoshi Yasuda, Chihiro Kawaguchi, Takahiro Yoshikawa, Masayuki Sho, Takatsugu Yamada, Takahiro Akahori, Shoichi Kinoshita, Minako Nagai, Hiromichi Kanehiro, Yoshiyuki Nakajima
The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with main portal vein(MPV)and/or the inferior vena cava(IVC)tumor thrombi is dismal. The management of HCC with severe tumor thrombus is complicated. In this study, we report a case of HCC with tumor thrombi in the MPV and IVC that was successfullytreated via liver resection and perioperative hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy(HAI). A 68-year-old man was referred to our institution to treat huge HCC lesion in the right lobe of the liver. Abdominal computed tomography(CT)revealed a tumor(12 cm in diameter)in the right hepatic lobe and tumor thrombi in the MPV and IVC...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133093/-long-term-survival-after-locally-advanced-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-treated-with-multidisciplinary-therapy-a-case-report
#13
Goro Ueno, Daisaku Yamada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Goto, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
A 60-year-old man visited a hospital with concerns about his physical health, including weight loss, thirst, and polyuria. He was diagnosed with acute onset of diabetes, and a pancreatic head tumor was observed on imaging studies. Computed tomography(CT)indicated that the tumor infiltrated the surrounding major vessels, portal vein(PV, 360 degrees), and superior mesenteric artery(SMA, <180 degrees). Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration(EUS-FNA)was performed, and he was diagnosed with a borderline resectable(BR)clinical Stage IV a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133061/-curative-resection-for-chemorefractory-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-pancreatic-invasion-by-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-case-report
#14
Masahiro Koh, Kentaro Kishi, Ryo Tsukada, Masahiro Tanemura, Mitsuyoshi Tei, Toru Masuzawa, Yozo Suzuki, Kenta Furukawa, Mikako Ikehara, Hiroki Akamatsu
A 37-year-old woman was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer. Pancreatic invasion of the tumor and positive cytology from peritoneal washing was found on staging laparoscopy. The patient received chemotherapy consisting of S-1 and CDDP, but the tumor size increased after 5 courses. The patient then received 2 courses of second line chemotherapy consisting of biweekly CPT-11; however, the tumor progressed and caused stenosis of the stomach. After gastrojejunostomy for the stenosis, negative cytology of intraperitoneal lavage was found...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133027/-an-85-year-old-man-with-lymph-node-metastasis-of-recurrent-rectal-cancer-treated-usingproton-beam-therapy
#15
Kohei Murata, Tomohiro Kitahara, Yoichiro Nushijima, Shu Okamura, Takayuki Minoji, Rie Hamano, Nariaki Fukuchi, Chikara Ebisui, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Hideoki Yokouchi, Masakatsu Kinuta, Yusuke Demizu, Tomoaki Okimoto
There are few reports that describe the efficacy of proton beam therapy for lymph node metastasis of recurrent rectal cancer, and carbon ion radiotherapy yields higher local tumor control rates. Proton beam therapy needs a longer treatment period but is less toxic to adjacent healthy organs compared to carbon ion radiotherapy. Here we report an 85-year-old man who underwent curative surgery for rectal and sigmoid cancer at the age of 76 years. After 4 years and 2 months, he had liver metastases at S3 and S8, both of which were resected...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101354/histological-complete-response-in-a-patient-with-advanced-biliary-tract-cancer-treated-by-gemcitabine-cisplatin-s-1-combination-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#16
Tokuhiro Matsubara, Tsutomu Nishida, Yoshito Tomimaru, Masashi Yamamoto, Shiro Hayashi, Sachiko Nakajima, Koji Fukui, Keizo Dono, Shiro Adachi, Tatsuya Ioka, Masashi Kanai, Masami Inada
A 68-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with increased levels of biliary enzymes. On imaging, the patient was diagnosed with unresectable intrahepatic biliary tract cancer (BTC) with invasion of the portal vein and para-aortic lymph node metastasis (cT3N1M1, cStage IVb) and underwent endoscopic biliary drainage for the biliary stricture prior to therapy. The patient was subsequently enrolled in a phase III randomized trial (UMIN000014371/NCT02182778) and randomly assigned to receive gemcitabine/cisplatin/S-1 (GCS) combination therapy intravenously at doses of 1,000 or 25 mg/m(2) on day 1 and orally twice daily at a dose of 80 mg/m(2) on days 1-7 every 2 weeks...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098057/totally-implantable-catheter-migration-and-its-percutaneous-retrieval-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
E Intagliata, F Basile, R Vecchio
Totally subcutaneous intravascular portals have been increasingly used to administer long-term chemotherapy and parental nutrition. The reported complications are rare. Accidental endovascular rupture of a fragment of catheter is one of the most formidable complications of the central vein catheterization. The Authors report a case of deployment of a Port-a-Cath catheter and its percutaneous retrieval. The catheter accidentally detached and migrated from the reservoir of the port-a-cath placed in the left subclavian vein to the right heart cavities through the blood stream...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053537/comparison-of-intra-arterial-chemoembolization-with-and-without-radiotherapy-for-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis-a-meta-analysis
#18
Qianqian Zhao, Kunli Zhu, Jinbo Yue, Zhonghua Qi, Shumei Jiang, Xiaoqing Xu, Rui Feng, Renben Wang
PURPOSE: Numerous studies have tried to combine transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) with radiotherapy (RT) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT). However, the efficacy of TACE or HAIC combined with RT versus TACE or HAIC alone remains controversial. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of intra-arterial chemoembolization combined with RT versus intra-arterial chemoembolization alone for the treatment of HCC patients with PVTT...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043760/endoscopic-ultrasonography-complements-computed-tomography-in-predicting-portal-or-superior-mesenteric-vein-resection-in-patients-with-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-carcinoma
#19
Evan S Glazer, Omar M Rashid, Jason B Klapman, Cynthia L Harris, Pamela J Hodul, Jose M Pimiento, Mokenge P Malafa
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend computed tomographic (CT) scans for vascular staging of patients with pancreatic carcinoma; however, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in these patients is not required and its utility in combination with CT scan is less well-defined. The purpose of this study is to explore the utility of EUS in addition to CT in identifying patients with borderline resectable pancreatic carcinoma (BRPC). METHODS: We reviewed our database of patients with BRPC who went to surgery with curative intent...
December 5, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995092/surgery-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-pushing-the-limits
#20
REVIEW
Guido Torzilli, René Adam, Luca Viganò, Katsunori Imai, Jeremias Goransky, Andrea Fontana, Christian Toso, Pietro Majno, Eduardo de Santibañes
BACKGROUND: The recent advent of more effective chemotherapy and the development of surgical procedures have expanded the pool of resectable patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Two-stage hepatectomy (TSH), associated liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS), and ultrasound-guided enhanced one-stage hepatectomy (e-OSH) are the surgical solutions proposed for these patients, but the range of indications for these procedures vary from institution to institution...
November 2016: Liver Cancer
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