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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821169/predictors-of-pre-procedural-concentrations-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#1
Anne Godier, Anne-Sophie Dincq, Anne-Céline Martin, Adrian Radu, Isabelle Leblanc, Marion Antona, Marc Vasse, Jean-Louis Golmard, François Mullier, Isabelle Gouin-Thibault
Aims: Patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) frequently undergo elective invasive procedures. Their management is challenging. We aimed to determine the optimal duration of DOAC discontinuation that ensures a minimal anticoagulant effect during the procedure. Methods and results: This prospective multicentre study included 422 DOAC-treated patients requiring an invasive procedure. Pre-procedural DOAC concentration ([DOAC]) and routine haemostasis assays were performed to determine i/the proportion of patients who achieved a minimal pre-procedural [DOAC] (≤30 ng/mL) according to the duration of DOAC discontinuation, ii/the predictors of minimal [DOAC] and, iii/the ability of routine assays to predict minimal [DOAC]...
August 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821161/britannin-induces-apoptosis-through-akt-foxo1-pathway-in-human-pancreatic-cancer-cells
#2
Marzieh Moeinifard, Zuhair Mohammad Hassan, Faranak Fallahian, Maryam Hamzeloo-Moghadam, Mohammad Taghikhani
Induction of apoptosis in cancerous cells is considered as a promising treatment option for cancer therapy. The present study was designed to evaluate the anticancer properties of Britannin and its possible mechanisms of action in human pancreatic cancer cells. Apoptosis induction by Britannin was confirmed by annexin V-FITC/PI staining, Hoechst 33258 staining and caspase-3 activity assay in both AsPC-1 and Panc-1 cells. Additionally, by using western blot and Real-time PCR, we observed that Britannin induced apoptosis by decreasing the expression of BCL-2 and increasing the expression of BAX...
August 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821160/leuconostoc-mesenteroides-derived-anticancer-pharmaceuticals-hinder-inflammation-and-cell-survival-in-colon-cancer-cells-by-modulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-akt-pten-mapk-pathways
#3
Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Abolfazl Barzegari, Yalda Rahbar Saadat, Ali Goreyshi, Yadollah Omidi
Promising results from different studies on the effect of probiotics in cancer prevention and therapy have so far been reported. However, the molecular mechanism of the interaction of probiotics with cancer cells is yet to be fully understood. In the present study, Leuconostoc mesenteroides was isolated from traditional dairy products, and its probiotic characteristics were determined. HT-29 cells were treated with conditioned-medium of designated bacteria and the cell apoptosis was studied at cellular and molecular level using DAPI staining, flow cytometry, DNA ladder assays, and real-time quantitative-PCR (q-PCR)...
August 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821135/exploring-pullulan-poly-vinyl-alcohol-interpenetrating-network-microspheres-as-controlled-release-drug-delivery-device
#4
Saundray Raj Soni, Animesh Ghosh
In the present study, interpenetrating polymeric network (IPN) microsphere was prepared using glutaraldehyde assisted water-in-oil emulsion crosslinking method for controlled delivery of pirfenidone, the only chemical entity approved by US FDA for the treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). In our study, the natural biopolymer pullulan was harnessed in combination with synthetic polymer PVA for drug delivery applications. The prepared microspheres were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, solid state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance and field emission scanning electron microscopy...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821129/characterization-and-anticoagulant-activity-of-a-fucosylated-chondroitin-sulfate-with-unusually-procoagulant-effect-from-sea-cucumber
#5
Mohamed Ben Mansour, Rafik Balti, Véronique Ollivier, Hichem Ben Jannet, Frédéric Chaubet, Raoui Mounir Maaroufi
The fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (FuCS) was isolated from the sea cucumber Holothuria polii body wall and then purified by anion exchange chromatography and the structure was characterized by FT-IR and NMR spectroscopy. Anticoagulant activity was measured in plasma by classical anticoagulation tests and the thrombin generation was assessed by calibrated automated thrombography. The results showed that the FuCS obtained at a yield of 4.66% possesses high sulfate content 43% and an average molecular mass of 45...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821126/anticoagulant-and-antithrombotic-effects-of-chemically-sulfated-fucogalactan-and-citrus-pectin
#6
Yony Román, Helyn P de Oliveira Barddal, Marcello Iacomini, Guilherme L Sassaki, Thales R Cipriani
Citrus pectin (CP14) from Citrus sinensis, and a fucogalactan (E) and a glucan (G16) from Agaricus bisporus were isolated and structurally characterized. CP14 was constituted by (1→4)-linked α-d-GalpA units, E was composed by a (1→6)-linked α-d-Galp main-chain, partially substituted at O-2 by non-reducing end-units of α-l-Fucp or α-d-Galp, and partially methylated at O-3, whereas G16 was composed of (1→6)-linked β-d-Glcp units. The polysaccharides were sulfated giving rise to CP14S, ESL and G16S...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821108/modified-bacterial-cellulose-based-self-healable-polyeloctrolyte-film-for-wound-dressing-application
#7
Moumita Khamrai, Sovan Lal Banerjee, Patit P Kundu
In this investigation, we prepare a self-healable polyelectrolyte film via crosslinking the cationically charged chitosan (Cts) with anionically modified bacterial cellulose (BC), which is a green source of nano-filler. This polyelectrolyte film is able to show dynamic self-healing activity at physiological pH condition via adapting ionic interaction, a state of non-covalent bond. BC was prepared using Glucanoacetobacter xylinus (MTCC7795) bacteria and after that its surface was modified with anionic poly(acrylic acid) using "grafting from" technique...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821106/quantitative-assay-of-%C3%AE-1-3-%C3%AE-1-6-glucans-from-fermentation-broth-using-aniline-blue
#8
Steven Koenig, Broder Rühmann, Volker Sieber, Jochen Schmid
An aniline blue fluorescence assay was constructed to quantify two fungal β-(1,3)-glucans with β-(1,6)-sidechains: scleroglucan and schizophyllan. Calibration curves were linear in the range from 30mg/l to 6g/l with R(2)>99.8%. The assay was robust against d-glucose (50 g/l), oxalic acid (22.5g/l), protein (0.667g/l), and KCl (13.3g/l). Sclerotium rolfsii and Schizophyllum commune cultures were sampled, and the test results of the assay and alcohol precipitation were compared. The correlation between assay results of samples at different stages of the purification with the values from the precipitation of the polymers was the best in the supernatant for S...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821104/modulation-of-binding-to-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-receptor-by-heparin-derived-oligosaccharide
#9
Jie-Ru Liu, Hui-Fang Wang, Dan-Feng Yu, Xiao-Yu Chen, Shu-Ying He
We investigated the mechanism of heparin-derived oligosaccharide on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Expression levels of VEGFR 1 and VEGFR 2 were examined by RT-PCR, and the corresponding protein expression levels were detected by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. Western blotting was taken to identify the expression levels of mechanism proteins. The binding of VEGF and VEGFR 2 was measured by co-IP. Besides, HS competition assay was to detect the ability of HDO to compete with Heparin for VEGF165...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821089/preparation-and-evaluation-of-chitosan-alginate-porous-microspheres-bletilla-striata-polysaccharide-composite-hemostatic-sponges
#10
Chao Wang, Wenfeng Luo, Puwang Li, Sidong Li, Ziming Yang, Zhang Hu, Yangyang Liu, Ningjian Ao
We prepared a novel hemostatic material using chitosan (CS), alginate, and Bletilla striata, which showed good biocompatibility and hemostatic properties. Alginate-calcium porous microspheres (Alg) were prepared by emulsification/cross-linking methods, and Bletilla striata polysaccharide (Bsp) was extracted from the tubers by water extraction and alcohol precipitation. To improve the water absorption and accelerate the blood coagulation, Alg and Bsp were mixed with chitosan solution to form CS/Alg and CS/Alg/Bsp composite sponges by lyophilization...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821088/microparticles-prepared-with-50-190kda-chitosan-as-promising-non-toxic-carriers-for-pulmonary-delivery-of-isoniazid
#11
Paula M Oliveira, Breno N Matos, Priscilla A T Pereira, Taís Gratieri, Lucia H Faccioli, Marcílio S S Cunha-Filho, Guilherme M Gelfuso
Chitosan biocompatibility and mucoadhesiveness make it an ideal polymer for antituberculotic drugs microcapsulation for pulmonary delivery. Yet, previous study indicated toxicity problems to J-774.1-cells treated with some medium molecular weight (190-310kDa) chitosan microparticles. As polymer molecular weight is a crucial factor to be considered, this paper describes the preparation and characterization of chitosan (50-190kDa) microparticles containing isoniazid (INH). Cytotoxicity assays were also performed on murine peritoneal (J-774...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821064/gum-tragacanth-stabilized-green-gold-nanoparticles-as-cargos-for-naringin-loading-a-morphological-investigation-through-afm
#12
Komal Rao, Muhammad Imran, Tooba Jabri, Imdad Ali, Samina Perveen, Shafiullah, Shakil Ahmed, Muhammad Raza Shah
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have attracted greater scientific interests for the construction of drugs loading cargos due to their biocompatibility, safety and facile surface modifications. This study deals with the fabrication of gum tragacanth (GT) green AuNPs as carrier for Naringin, a less water soluble therapeutic molecule. The optimized AuNPs were characterized through UV-vis spectroscopy, FT-IR and atomic force microscope (AFM). Naringin loaded nanoparticles were investigated for their bactericidal potentials using Tetrazolium Microplate assay...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821021/structural-characterization-and-inhibition-on-%C3%AE-glucosidase-activity-of-acidic-polysaccharide-from-annona-squamosa
#13
Yuan-Yuan Ren, Zhen-Yuan Zhu, Hui-Qing Sun, Li-Jing Chen
The crude polysaccharide (TASP3) was extracted from the fruit pulp of Annona squamosa and then isolated and purified by the combination of grading-alcoholic precipitation and Sephadex G-200. The structure of purified polysaccharide (GASP3-3-I) was determined based on the physicochemical and instrumental analyses. The results indicated that GASP3-3-I was an acidic heteropolysaccharide and its average molecular weight was 2.28×10(6)Da. The monosaccharide composition was analysed by GC-MS and ion chromatography, respectively...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821003/-111-in-dtpa-d-phe-1-asp-0-d-phe-1-octreotide-exhibits-higher-tumor-accumulation-and-lower-renal-radioactivity-than-111-in-dtpa-d-phe-1-octreotide
#14
Nobuhiro Oshima, Hiromichi Akizawa, Hirotake Kitaura, Hidekazu Kawashima, Songji Zhao, Yan Zhao, Ken-Ichi Nishijima, Yoji Kitamura, Yasushi Arano, Yuji Kuge, Kazue Ohkura
INTRODUCTION: (111)In-DTPA-d-Phe(1)-octreotide scintigraphy is an important method of detecting neuroendocrine tumors. We previously reported that a new derivative of (111)In-DTPA-d-Phe(1)-octreotide, (111)In-DTPA-d-Phe(-1)-Asp(0)-d-Phe(1)-octreotide, accomplished the reduction of prolonged renal accumulation of radioactivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the tumor accumulation of (111)In-DTPA-d-Phe(-1)-Asp(0)-d-Phe(1)-octreotide in vitro and in vivo by comparing it with (111)In-DTPA-d-Phe(1)-octreotide...
July 12, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820987/a-new-label-free-electrochemical-immunosensor-based-on-dendritic-core-shell-aupd-au-nanocrystals-for-highly-sensitive-detection-of-prostate-specific-antigen
#15
Rui Wang, Wei-Dong Liu, Ai-Jun Wang, Yadong Xue, Liang Wu, Jiu-Ju Feng
Herein, bimetallic dendritic core-shell AuPd@Au nanocrystals (AuPd@Au NCs) were prepared by a simple one-pot aqueous method using xanthine as a green growth-directing agent. By virtue of the enhanced peak currents in the H2O2 reduction catalyzed by AuPd@Au NCs, a label-free immunosensor was constructed for the detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA). The immunosensor exhibited significantly improved analytical performance for the assay of PSA with wide linear range of 0.1-50ngmL(-1) and low detection limit of 0...
August 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820985/human-bone-marrow-as-a-tissue-in-post-mortem-identification-and-determination-of-psychoactive-substances-screening-methodology
#16
Renata Wietecha-Posłuszny, Sofia Lendor, Magdalena Garnysz, Marcin Zawadzki, Paweł Kościelniak
The aim of this study was to apply a new instrumental approach to the analysis of human bone marrow for forensic purposes. A new screening method for the detection of more than 30 psychoactive drugs in bone marrow was developed and applied to case samples. The drugs used in this study belonged to the following groups: benzodiazepines (BZDs, n=16), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs, n=5), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI, n=4), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (n=1), anticonvulsants (n=1), imidazopyridines (n=1) and piperazines (n=3)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820982/direct-analysis-no-sample-preparation-of-bioavailable-cortisol-in-human-plasma-by-weak-affinity-chromatography-wac
#17
Sten Ohlson, Jagjit Kaur, Manfred Raida, Ulf Niss, Tim Bengala, Chester Lee Drum, Bernhard Boehm, Anthony R Torres
Pre-analytical treatment of blood plasma is a time consuming and often rate limiting step in the workflow of LC/MS analysis. We present in this pilot study a new approach for quantitative LC/MS based on weak affinity chromatography (WAC) of crude plasma. The steroid hormone cortisol was selected as a clinically relevant biomarker, as it currently requires extensive pre-analytical preparation. A WAC unit with saturating, immobilized albumin as a prototypic weak binder was used in combination with an ion-funnel MS/MS detector to perform zonal affinity chromatography of cortisol directly from a plasma sample, followed by quantitative multiple reaction monitoring (MRM)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820971/ultrasensitive-detection-of-ag-i-based-on-the-conformational-switching-of-a-multifunctional-aptamer-probe-induced-by-silver-i
#18
Yu-Feng Zhu, Yong-Sheng Wang, Bin Zhou, Yan-Qin Huang, Xue-Jiao Li, Si-Han Chen, Xiao-Feng Wang, Xian Tang
We for the first time confirmed that the low concentrations of Ag(I) could induce a silver specific aptamer probe (SAP) from a random coil sequence form to G-quadruplex structure. Thereby, a novel highly sensitive fluorescence strategy for silver(I) assay was established. The designed multifunctional SAP could act as a recognition element for Ag(I) and a signal reporter. The use of such a SAP can ultrasensitively and selectively detect Ag(I), giving a detection limit down to 0.64nM. This is much lower than those reported by related literatures...
August 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820965/systematic-identification-of-mcu-modulators-by-orthogonal-interspecies-chemical-screening
#19
Daniela M Arduino, Jennifer Wettmarshausen, Horia Vais, Paloma Navas-Navarro, Yiming Cheng, Anja Leimpek, Zhongming Ma, Alba Delrio-Lorenzo, Andrea Giordano, Cecilia Garcia-Perez, Guillaume Médard, Bernhard Kuster, Javier García-Sancho, Dejana Mokranjac, J Kevin Foskett, M Teresa Alonso, Fabiana Perocchi
The mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex is essential for calcium (Ca(2+)) uptake into mitochondria of all mammalian tissues, where it regulates bioenergetics, cell death, and Ca(2+) signal transduction. Despite its involvement in several human diseases, we currently lack pharmacological agents for targeting uniporter activity. Here we introduce a high-throughput assay that selects for human MCU-specific small-molecule modulators in primary drug screens. Using isolated yeast mitochondria, reconstituted with human MCU, its essential regulator EMRE, and aequorin, and exploiting a D-lactate- and mannitol/sucrose-based bioenergetic shunt that greatly minimizes false-positive hits, we identify mitoxantrone out of more than 600 clinically approved drugs as a direct selective inhibitor of human MCU...
August 17, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820955/integration-of-an-in-situ-maldi-based-high-throughput-screening-process-a-case-study-with-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-c-met
#20
Katrin Beeman, Jens Baumgärtner, Manuel Laubenheimer, Karlheinz Hergesell, Martin Hoffmann, Ulrich Pehl, Frank Fischer, Jan-Carsten Pieck
Mass spectrometry (MS) is known for its label-free detection of substrates and products from a variety of enzyme reactions. Recent hardware improvements have increased interest in the use of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS for high-throughput drug discovery. Despite interest in this technology, several challenges remain and must be overcome before MALDI-MS can be integrated as an automated "in-line reader" for high-throughput drug discovery. Two such hurdles include in situ sample processing and deposition, as well as integration of MALDI-MS for enzymatic screening assays that usually contain high levels of MS-incompatible components...
August 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
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