keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Osteomyelitis in childrens

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918379/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-children-a-focus-on-bloodstream-infections
#1
Laila S Al Yazidi, Ben J Marais, Briony Hazelton, Alexander Outhred, Alison Kesson
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms with variable disease-causing potential. Bloodstream infections caused by NTM in children are poorly described. METHODS: We describe a retrospective case series of children with culture-confirmed mycobacterial disease managed at The Children's Hospital at Westmead from July 2005 - June 2015. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients had 149 positive NTM cultures; 55 (83.0%) episodes in 54 patients were considered clinically significant...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881832/hematogenous-calcaneal-osteomyelitis-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Megan L Mooney, Kirk Haidet, Jiayong Liu, Nabil A Ebraheim
: Osteomyelitis in children commonly affects long bones such as the femur, tibia, and humerus. There have been relatively few documented studies of osteomyelitis at unusual locations, such as the calcaneus. The objective of this study is to systematically review information on the diagnostic and treatment methods of calcaneal osteomyelitis as well as associated complications. Methods included research database searches using primarily PubMed and EMBASE databases. Results of the review show no clear approach to diagnosis and treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis in children...
November 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872772/an-uncommon-feature-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-a-neonate
#3
Razieh Afrough, Sayyed Shahabeddin Mohseni, Setareh Sagheb
Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) represents recurrent life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections and granuloma formation with a high mortality rate. CGD's sign and symptoms usually appear in infancy and children before the age of five; therefore, its presentation in neonatal period with some uncommon features may be easily overlooked. Here we describe a case of CGD in a 24-day-old boy, presenting with a diffuse purulent vesiculopustular rash and multiple osteomyelitis.
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870814/the-contemporary-microbiology-and-rates-of-concomitant-osteomyelitis-in-acute-septic-arthritis
#4
Jessica Branson, Jesus G Vallejo, Anthony R Flores, Kristina G Hulten, Edward O Mason, Sheldon L Kaplan, J Chase McNeil
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis (SA) and acute osteomyelitis (AO) are among the most common serious bacterial infections of childhood. Knowledge of the microbiology of SA is critical to treatment. Awareness of the presence of attendant AO is also important to guide clinical management. We sought to describe the current microbiology of SA in children as well as describe clinical features associated with coexisting AO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with SA were identified from the infectious diseases consult service records from 2010-2014...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867536/life-threatening-mrsa-sepsis-with-bilateral-pneumonia-osteomyelitis-and-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-in-a-previously-healthy-13-year-old-boy-a-case-report
#5
Nina Hardgrib, Michala Wang, Anne Grethe Jurik, Klaus K Petersen
The incidence and severity of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are increasing and cause high mortality and morbidity. We describe the first pediatric case in Scandinavia with Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL) positive MRSA septicemia who developed bilateral pneumonia, arthritis of the knee, and osteomyelitis of the tibia. Radiological investigation and interpretation directed the treatment, especially the surgical debridement, and combined with clinical and biochemical findings lead to close interdisciplinary treatment with frequent surgical interventions and antimicrobial combination therapy...
October 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860302/clinical-and-genetic-association-radiological-findings-and-response-to-biological-therapy-in-seven-children-from-qatar-with-non-bacterial-osteomyelitis
#6
Taha Moussa, Venkatraman Bhat, Vishwanatha Kini, Basil M Fathalla
AIM: We aim to report the clinical manifestations, genetic testing results, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and biologics used in the management of non-bacterial osteomyelitis in our center. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records. A previously proposed classification was implemented as follows: chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNBO) and acute non-bacterial osteomyelitis. RESULTS: Four females and three males with a median age at presentation of 6 years (6 months-14 years) presented with arthralgia (7/7), back pain (4/7), arthritis (4/7) and bone pain (2/7)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774356/ewing-sarcoma-of-the-pelvis-with-an-atypical-radiographic-appearance-a-mimicker-of-non-malignant-etiologies
#7
Miguel Flores, Anthony Caram, Edward Derrick, John D Reith, Laura Bancroft, Kurt Scherer
Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a primary malignant bone tumor which most commonly arises in children and young adults. The common clinical presentation with ES includes nighttime pain or pain related to activity, though patients may also present with a combination of localized swelling, a palpable mass, pathologic fracture, and constitutional symptoms. Clinical diagnosis may be delayed when a patient presents with clinical or imaging findings that overlap with non-malignant etiologies, such as fibrous dysplasia (FD) or osteomyelitis...
September 18, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745829/-treatment-and-progression-of-acute-communautary-osteoarticular-infections-in-healthy-children-a-retrospective-monocentric-study-of-64%C3%A2-patients
#8
A Lemoine, F Baudin, R Vialle, E Grimprel
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of osteoarticular infections has improved over the past 20 years but it still remains potentially severe. The treatment of these infections has been simplified and shortened. In 2008, the Pediatric Infectious Disease Group (GPIP) established new therapeutic guidelines in order to standardize treatment in France. The aim of this study is to analyze practices in a Parisian hospital and assess the efficacy of this treatment in short and medium terms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study focused on patients older than 3 months, without comorbidities, who were hospitalized for an acute osteoarticular infection in 2012 at Trousseau Hospital (Paris), with a follow-up of at least 4 weeks...
November 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741035/validation-and-modification-of-a-severity-of-illness-score-for-children-with-acute-hematogenous-osteomyelitis
#9
Alexander G Athey, Megan E Mignemi, William T Gheen, Eduardo A Lindsay, Chan-Hee Jo, Lawson A Copley
BACKGROUND: Children with osteomyelitis demonstrate a wide spectrum of illness. Objective measurement of severity is important to guide resource allocation and treatment decisions, particularly for children with advanced illness. The purpose of this study is to validate and improve a previously published severity of illness scoring system for children with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO). METHODS: Children with AHO were prospectively studied during evaluation and treatment by a multidisciplinary team who provided care according to evidence-based guidelines to reduce variation...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730289/unexpectedly-high-incidences-of-chronic-non-bacterial-as-compared-to-bacterial-osteomyelitis-in-children
#10
A Schnabel, U Range, G Hahn, T Siepmann, R Berner, C M Hedrich
Historically, osteomyelitis was considered an infectious disorder. More recently, inflammatory mechanisms were recognized causing a significant proportion of pediatric osteomyelitis. This study was to compare characteristics of children with chronic non-bacterial (CNO) and bacterial osteomyelitis (BOM). A chart review of osteomyelitis patients from the departments of pediatrics, pediatric surgery, orthopedic surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery was conducted in a tertiary referral center, covering the years 2004-2014...
October 11, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714987/in-vitro-characterization-of-biofilms-formed-by-kingella-kingae
#11
Jeffrey B Kaplan, Vandana Sampathkumar, Meriem Bendaoud, Alexander K Giannakakis, Edward T Lally, Nataliya V Balashova
The Gram-negative bacterium Kingella kingae is part of the normal oropharyngeal mucosal flora of children under four years old. K. kingae can enter the submucosa and cause infections of the skeletal system in children including septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. The organism is also associated with infective endocarditis in children and adults. Although biofilm formation has been coupled with pharyngeal colonization, osteoarticular infections, and infective endocarditis, no studies have investigated biofilm formation in K...
October 7, 2016: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703930/case-report-of-two-cases-of-patella-subacute-osteomyelitis-in-diabetic-women-a-rare-entity
#12
R Siva Kumar, Prahalad K Singhi, M Chidambaram, Kiran Kakkandki
INTRODUCTION: Patella osteomyelitis is a rare entity in adults. Most often it is seen in children of five to twelve years of age because of its unique ossification and vascularity. Immuno compromised states like HIV, tuberculosis, intravenous drug abuse and trauma have been predisposing factors for adult patellar osteomyelitis. We report two cases of patellar osteomyelitis in adult diabetic women with uncontrolled glycemic levels and having no previous history of any trauma or systemic infection...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663465/eikenella-corrodens-bone-and-hip-joint-infection-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
T Tricard, L Bund, A Alhefzi, J-P Lemoine, L Schneider, C Karger, J-M Clavert, P Gicquel
: Eikenella corrodens (EC) is a human commensal microorganism of the mouth flora. This bacterium is rarely reported in bone and joint infections in children, but the consequences on the joint function can be devastating and irreversible. We report the case of septic arthritis of the hip following an oral wound in a 12-year-old boy. The progression of the condition was favorable with no complications or pain observed after antibiotic treatment. Clinical and radiological examinations showed a satisfactory outcome at 6 months with no sign of recurrence or complication (growth disorder)...
September 20, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644427/successful-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis-in-children-with-debridement-antibiotic-laden-cement-spacer-and-bone-graft-substitute
#14
Federico Canavese, Marco Corradin, Ahmad Khan, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antoine Samba
PURPOSE: Chronic osteomyelitis and infected nonunion are relatively rare conditions in pediatric patients and are more frequently seen in developing countries. Although relatively rare, they are medically and surgically challenging. Here we report a novel surgical technique used to manage five patients with chronic osteomyelitis of long bones. METHODS: Five skeletally immature patients with chronic osteomyelitis and infected nonunion of the long bones were treated surgically between 2010 and 2014 by a combination of resection of necrotic infected bone, debridement of surrounding soft tissue, and application of antibiotic-laden cement spacer inducing periosteal membrane before final bone reconstruction...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641643/mri-of-acute-osteomyelitis-in-long-bones-of-children-pathophysiology-study
#15
C Thévenin-Lemoine, J Vial, J L Labbé, B Lepage, B Ilharreborde, F Accadbled
INTRODUCTION: The classic pathophysiology of acute osteomyelitis in children described by Trueta has a metaphyseal infection as the starting point. This hypothesis was recently brought into question by Labbé's study, which suggested a periosteal origin. Thus, we wanted to study this disease's pathophysiology through early MRI examinations and to look for prognostic factors based on abnormal findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre study that included cases of long bone osteomyelitis in children who underwent an MRI examination within 7days of the start of symptoms and within 24hours of the initiation of antibiotic therapy...
September 15, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639784/unusual-case-of-paediatric-septic-arthritis-of-the-lumbar-facet-joints-due-to-kingella-kingae
#16
M Le Hanneur, C Vidal, C Mallet, K Mazda, B Ilharreborde
A 32-month-old boy presented with febrile limping that had developed over 6days, associated with right lumbosacral inflammatory swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed joint effusion of the right L5-S1 zygapophyseal joint, complicated by destructive osteomyelitis of the L5 articular process and paraspinal abscess. Surgery was decided to evacuate the fluid accumulation and rule out differential diagnoses. The diagnosis of septic arthritis of the facet joint was confirmed intraoperatively; real-time quantitative PCR analysis identified Kingella kingae...
September 14, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619045/symptomatic-stroke-complicating-central-skull-base-osteomyelitis-following-otitis-media-in-a-2-year-old-boy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Eliz Kilich, Reena Dwivedi, Shelley Segal, Sandeep Jayawant, Manish Sadarangani
We describe the youngest case to date of a 2 year old child who developed central skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) initially presenting with a fever, vomiting and sore throat. An extremely rare complication of mastoiditis following otitis media in children is SBO which can present with non-specific symptoms. This report describes the first case of symptomatic ischaemic stroke secondary to SBO in an immunocompetent child. We review the literature of the management and the potential cerebrovascular complications of central SBO in children secondary to otolaryngological infection...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612911/tuberculosis-is-a-mimicker-of-jia-a-rare-case-report
#18
M A Shahin, M I Sultan, M J Alam, A Saeed, A K Azad, M R Choudhury
Cystic tuberculosis of the bone is a rare form of tuberculosis (TB). The condition presents like Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) of children. In children, the lesions symmetrically involve the peripheral skeleton, which are less sclerotic than adults. A case report is presented here where the patient presented with i) the extensive involvement of bones with cystic lesion, ii) Hand & feet involvement with multiple bony exostosis iii) Synovial swelling of multiple joints and 4) fever for 6 months. Swelling of the joints was disproportionately greater than pain...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606657/-psoas-abscess-and-lumbar-spine-osteomyelitis-case-report
#19
Ana M Silva, Lauwence A Schmalbach
Psoas abscess is a common disease in children. It can have a nonspecific clinical presentation, insidious onset and sometimes fever. The most common type in children is the primary one; however, it can sometimes be of secondary origin and associated with severe infections such as osteomyelitis so a high index of suspicion is required to detect and treat it promptly. We present an unusual case of psoas abscess with infiltration of the vertebral body of L2 in a 14 year old male patient previously healthy with no history of trauma or fever on admission...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603195/femoral-neck-aspiration-aids-in-the-diagnosis-of-osteomyelitis-in-children-with-septic-hip
#20
Jedidiah E Schlung, Tracey P Bastrom, Joanna H Roocroft, Peter O Newton, Scott J Mubarak, Vidyadhar V Upasani
BACKGROUND: The role of femoral aspiration (FA) in the treatment of septic arthritis of the hip is controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine if FA conducted concomitantly with irrigation and debridement (I&D) of the septic hip aids in microorganism and osteomyelitis identification and alters the treatment plan, or if the risks of the procedure outweigh its potential benefit. We also compare preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with FA for diagnosis of osteomyelitis cooccurring with septic arthritis...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
keyword
keyword
112099
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"