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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332754/conservative-management-of-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-an-italian-survey-of-current-clinical-practice
#1
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Kristin Valdes, Virginia O'Brien, Monica Seves, Raquel Cantero-Téllez, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate expert opinion on the conservative treatment of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A 21-item survey to determine the practice patterns of Italian hand therapists who treat arthritis of the CMC joint was developed and distributed through a professional online survey service to assure confidentiality and anonymity. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 80.8% were physical therapists; the remaining 19...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331533/a-woman-s-hand-and-a-lion-s-heart-skills-and-attributes-for-rural-midwifery-practice-in-new-zealand-and-scotland
#2
Andrea Gilkison, Jean Rankin, Mary Kensington, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Ruth Deery, Susan Crowther
OBJECTIVE: the complex and challenging nature of rural midwifery is a global issue. New Zealand and Scotland both face similar ongoing challenges in sustaining a rural midwifery workforce, and understanding the best preparation for rural midwifery practice. This study aimed to explore the range of skills, qualities and professional expertise needed for remote and rural midwifery practice. DESIGN: online mixed methods: An initial questionnaire via a confidential SurveyMonkey® was circulated to all midwives working with rural women and families in New Zealand and Scotland...
December 19, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330063/risk-of-ischemic-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#3
Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) in patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study METHODS: This is a nationwide, population-based, retrospective study using data from the Korean national health claims database from 2011 through 2015. Patients with NAION and randomly selected control subjects from the entire Korean population were enrolled. A log rank analysis was used to evaluate a risk of ATN in the group of patients with NAION (study group) compared to an age-, sex-, and comorbidities-matched control group...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330033/service-quality-and-parents-willingness-to-get-adolescents-hpv-vaccine-from-pharmacists
#4
Parth D Shah, William A Calo, Macary W Marciniak, Carol E Golin, Betsy L Sleath, Noel T Brewer
We sought to examine whether pharmacy service quality was associated with parents' willingness to have immunizing pharmacists administer human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to their adolescent children. Participants were a national sample of 1504 US parents of adolescents ages 11 to 17 who completed an online survey in 2014. Analyses used structural equation modeling. Parents rated service quality and feelings of satisfaction with their pharmacies as moderate to high. Many (44%) were willing to get HPV vaccine from immunizing pharmacists for their adolescent children...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323808/adolescent-preferences-for-topics-addressed-during-well-visits
#5
Eugene C Lee
BACKGROUND: Current evidence is limited regarding the topics adolescents want to discuss with clinicians during routine well visits. High school students were surveyed to determine potential adolescent discussion topics, barriers to discussion, and ways to promote dialogue. METHODS: Surveys were distributed between October 2014 and January 2015 to 102 students in the Verona Area High School in Verona, Wisconsin. RESULTS: Of the topics presented, teens preferred to discuss vaccines and mood/stress with their clinicians...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323207/discovery-of-hepatotoxic-equivalent-combinatorial-markers-from-dioscorea-bulbifera-tuber-by-fingerprint-toxicity-relationship-modeling
#6
Wei Shi, Cai Zhang, Dongsheng Zhao, Lingli Wang, Ping Li, Huijun Li
Due to extremely chemical complexity, identification of potential toxicity-related constituents from an herbal medicine (HM) still remains challenging. Traditional toxicity-guided separation procedure suffers from time- and labor-consumption and neglects the additive effect of multi-components. In this study, we proposed a screening strategy called "hepatotoxic equivalent combinatorial markers (HECMs)" for a hepatotoxic HM, Dioscorea bulbifera tuber (DBT). Firstly, the chemical constituents in DBT extract were globally characterized...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322361/homelessness-mental-health-and-suicidality-among-lgbtq-youth-accessing-crisis-services
#7
Harmony Rhoades, Joshua A Rusow, David Bond, Amy Lanteigne, Anthony Fulginiti, Jeremy T Goldbach
LGBTQ youth experience increased risks of homelessness, mental health disorder symptoms, and suicidality. Utilizing data from LGBTQ youth contacting a suicide crisis services organization, this study examined: (a) rates of homelessness among crisis services users, (b) the relationship between disclosure of LGBTQ identity to parents and parental rejection and homelessness, and (c) the relationship between homelessness and mental health disorder outcomes and suicidality. A nationwide sample of LGBTQ youth was recruited for a confidential online survey from an LGBTQ-focused crisis services hotline...
January 10, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321344/a-genetic-variant-in-col11a1-is-functionally-associated-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-in-chinese-population
#8
Wenjun Liu, Guisen Sun, Longsheng Guo, Lulu Wang, Weiqiang Fan, Minglei Lang, Dan Chen, Xinhao Yi
This study aimed to explore whether the genetic variant of COL11A1 is functionally associated with the development of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in Chinese population. SNP rs1676486 of COL11A1 was genotyped in 647 patients and 532 healthy controls. The differences of genotype and allele distributions between LDH patients and healthy controls were evaluated using the χ² test. One-way ANOVA test was used to compare the relationship between genotypes and clinical features including tissue expression of COL11A1 and the degree of disc degeneration...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321051/midwives-respect-and-disrespect-of-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-urban-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#9
Kana Shimoda, Shigeko Horiuchi, Sebalda Leshabari, Yoko Shimpuku
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, facility-based childbirths in Tanzania have only minimally increased by 10% partly because of healthcare providers' disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth. Although numerous studies have substantiated women's experience of D&A during childbirth by healthcare providers, few have focused on how D&A occurred during the midwives' actual care. This study aimed to describe from actual observations the respectful and disrespectful care received by women from midwives during their labor period in two hospitals in urban Tanzania...
January 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320232/barriers-to-the-adoption-of-wearable-sensors-in-the-workplace-a-survey-of-occupational-safety-and-health-professionals
#10
Mark C Schall, Richard F Sesek, Lora A Cavuoto
OBJECTIVE: To gather information on the (a) types of wearable sensors, particularly personal activity monitors, currently used by occupational safety and health (OSH) professionals; (b) potential benefits of using such technologies in the workplace; and (c) perceived barriers preventing the widespread adoption of wearable sensors in industry. BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors are increasingly being promoted as a means to improve employee health and well-being, and there is mounting evidence supporting their use as exposure assessment and personal health tools...
January 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318924/how-to-live-a-good-life-aging-and-hiv-testing-in-rural-south-africa
#11
Enid Schatz, Brian Houle, Sanyu A Mojola, Nicole Angotti, Jill Williams
OBJECTIVE: The African HIV epidemic is aging, yet HIV testing behavior studies either exclude older persons or include too few to say much about age differences. METHOD: Strategically combining focus group interviews (participants in 40s/50s/60s-plus age groups) and survey data from rural South Africa (where HIV prevalence peaks in the late 30s, but continues to be over 10% into the late 60s), we examine gender and life course variation, motivations, and barriers in HIV testing...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315111/the-growing-epidemic-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-neglected-population
#13
Chelsea L Shannon, Jeffrey D Klausner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence is on the rise in the United States. The increase is especially pronounced in adolescents (15-24 years of age). Despite making up only a quarter of the population, adolescents account for approximately half of new STIs in the United States every year. This review summarizes recent developments in the field of STIs, excluding HIV, in adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we examine the epidemiology, screening, management, and prevention of STIs in adolescents...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310331/eliciting-community-perspectives-on-research-with-older-adults-living-with-hiv-through-focus-groups
#14
Annie L Nguyen, Brandon Brown, Jeff Taylor, Marlene Estevez, Rick Loftus
Approximately half of all people living with HIV in the US are age 50 and older. Existing research highlights the health challenges of these individuals, but little work has focused on gathering input about concerns in participating in HIV and aging research. Prior to designing a prospective cohort study on HIV and aging, we elicited feedback from potential participants on general attitudes toward participation in a prospective HIV cohort study, and perspectives on important research topics relevant to older adults living with HIV...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306349/creating-a-hostile-environment-for-migrants-the-british-government-s-use-of-health-service-data-to-restrict-immigration-is-a-very-bad-idea
#15
Lucinda Hiam, Sarah Steele, Martin McKee
In January 2017, the UK Government made public a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Department of Health, National Health Service (NHS) Digital and the Home Office. This Memorandum allows for the more expedited sharing of a patient's non-clinical data, specifically from the NHS England to the Home Office. The Government justified the MoU as in the 'public interest to support effective immigration enforcement'. In this review, we seek to unpack this justification by providing, first, a background to the MoU, placing it in the context of creating a 'hostile environment' for migrants - a project initially sought by Theresa May in her time as Home Secretary...
January 8, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303610/how-to-interpret-elevated-plasmatic-level-of-high-sensitive-troponin-t-in-newborns-and-infants
#16
P Jehlicka, M Huml, D Rajdl, A Mockova, M Matas, J Dort, A Masopustova
Research and clinical implications on novel cardiac biomarkers has intensified significantly in the past few years. The high-sensitive troponin T (hscTnT) assay plays a dominant role in diagnostic algorithm regarding myocardial injury in adults. Despite generally accepted use of hscTnT there are no data about physiological concentrations and cut-off limits in neonates and infants to date. The aim of this study is to assess hscTnT levels in healthy newborns and infants. Consecutively 454 healthy full termed newborns and 40 healthy infants were enrolled in the study...
January 5, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303063/coaching-experts-applications-to-surgeons-and-continuing-professional-development
#17
Assad Zahid, Jonathan Hong, Christopher J Young
Surgery is a science and an art, which is mastered through years of training and refined by the accumulation of individual experience and preference. Continuing professional development (CPD) is a concept that emphasizes a self-directed approach to education. Coaching is a process that leads to increased utilization of a person's current skills and resources without counselling or advising. Coaching in surgery could be used to facilitate and optimize feedback and reflection, thus enhancing performance and outcomes through elite performance of an operative procedure...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302173/in-women-s-eyes-key-barriers-to-women-s-access-to-hiv-treatment-and-a-rights-based-approach-to-their-sustained-well-being
#18
Luisa Orza, Emily Bass, Emma Bell, E Tyler Crone, Nazneen Damji, Sophie Dilmitis, Liz Tremlett, Nasra Aidarus, Jacqui Stevenson, Souhaila Bensaid, Calorine Kenkem, Gracia Violeta Ross, Elena Kudravtseva, Alice Welbourn
There is rightly a huge global effort to enable women living with HIV to have long productive lives, through treatment access. However, many women living with HIV experience violence against women (VAW), in both domestic and health care settings. The ways in which VAW might prevent treatment access and adherence for women has not to date been reviewed coherently at the global level, from women's own perspectives. Meanwhile, funding for global health care, including HIV treatment, is shrinking. To optimize women's health and know how best to optimize facilitators and minimize barriers to access and adherence, especially in this shrinking funding context, we need to understand more about these issues from women's own perspectives...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302170/at-the-nexus-how-hiv-related-immigration-policies-affect-foreign-nationals-and-citizens-in-south-korea
#19
Jessica M Keralis
Effective HIV prevention requires the protection and empowerment of marginalized groups at high risk of infection. However, many policies persist that stigmatize these groups and hinder HIV prevention efforts, including HIV-related travel restrictions. In the Republic of Korea, which requires HIV tests for certain visa categories, these restrictions negatively affect the national HIV response and access to accurate information on effective HIV prevention. In addition, they violate migrants' human rights to confidentiality and informed consent to testing and the rights of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) to privacy, work, medical care, bodily integrity, and freedom from discrimination...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301531/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-glycemic-status-on-the-progression-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#20
Ki-Bum Won, Donghee Han, Ji Hyun Lee, Sang-Eun Lee, Ji Min Sung, Su-Yeon Choi, Eun Ju Chun, Sung Hak Park, Hae-Won Han, Jidong Sung, Hae Ok Jung, Hyuk-Jae Chang
BACKGROUND: Data on the influence of glycemic status on the progression of coronary calcification, an important marker for future adverse cardiovascular events, are limited. METHODS: Data from the Korea Initiatives on Coronary Artery Calcification (KOICA) registry on 12,441 asymptomatic Korean adults (52 ± 9 years, 84.2% males) without previous history of coronary artery disease and stroke, who underwent serial coronary artery calcification (CAC) screening examinations, were included in this study...
January 4, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
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