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Christine M Leeper, Matthew D Neal, Christine McKenna, Jason Sperry, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in fibrinolysis are common and associated with increased mortality in injured adults. While hyperfibrinolysis (HF) and fibrinolysis shutdown (SD) are potential prognostic indicators and treatment targets in adults, these derangements are not well-described in a pediatric trauma cohort. METHODS: Prospective analysis of highest level trauma activations age 0-18 presenting to our academic center between 6/1/2015-7/31/2016 with admission rapid thromboelastogram (TEG)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Paul J Karanicolas, Yulia Lin, Jordan Tarshis, Calvin H L Law, Natalie G Coburn, Julie Hallet, Barto Nascimento, Janusz Pawliszyn, Stuart A McCluskey
BACKGROUND: Hyperfibrinolysis may occur due to systemic inflammation or hepatic injury that occurs during liver resection. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic agent that decreases bleeding in various settings, but has not been well studied in patients undergoing liver resection. METHODS: In this prospective, phase II trial, 18 patients undergoing major liver resection were sequentially assigned to one of three cohorts: (i) Control (no TXA); (ii) TXA Dose I - 1 g bolus followed by 1 g infusion over 8 h; (iii) TXA Dose II - 1 g bolus followed by 10 mg/kg/hr until the end of surgery...
October 17, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Asrar Ahmad, Monica Kohli, Anita Malik, Megha Kohli, Jaishri Bogra, Haider Abbas, Rajni Gupta, B B Kushwaha
PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to correlate thromboelastography (TEG) variables versus conventional coagulation profile in all patients presenting with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and to see whether TEG would be helpful for evaluating coagulation in parturients before regional anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study on 100 pre-eclampsia/eclampsia patients undergoing lower-segment caesarean section under regional anaesthesia. Two blood samples were collected...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
J S David, E Imhoff, S Parat, L Augey, M-O Geay-Baillat, P Incagnoli, K Tazarourte
Viscoelastic technics are used for 10 years and include the ROTEM(®) and the TEG(®). These devices that exploit the viscoelastic properties of the clotting blood, allow a rapid and global analysis of the haemostatic process taking into account all the process interfering with haemostasis such as inflammation. It has been shown that the use of these technics in clinical situations such as trauma, postpartum haemorrhage, gastrointestinal bleeding or cardiac surgery may reduce the need for blood product, the cost and perhaps may improve the outcome of the patients...
September 5, 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Albe C Swanepoel, Amcois Visagie, Zelda de Lange, Odette Emmerson, Vance G Nielsen, Etheresia Pretorius
BACKGROUND: The effect of endogenous hormone concentrations, specifically 17β-estradiol and progesterone, on fibrin network formation has not been established. OBJECTIVES: It is essential to understand natural hormone mechanisms since these hormones are still present in circulation while hormonal contraceptives, which are associated with increased risk of venous thromboembolism, are used. METHODS: Due to the fact that these hormones are known to increase hypercoagulability and the prothrombotic state scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thromboelastography (TEG) and turbidimetry were employed to investigate the morphology, surface roughness, viscoelastic properties and formation and lysis of fibrin...
October 2016: Thrombosis Research
Ahmad F Arbaeen, Katherine Serrano, Elena Levin, Dana V Devine
BACKGROUND: There is poor correlation between in vivo platelet concentrate (PC) transfusion outcome and in vitro tests, which typically do not test the functional effectiveness of platelets (PLTs), but rather measure PLT characteristics. We hypothesize that the application of thromboelastography (TEG) or rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) to evaluate the procoagulant activity of stored PLTs can predict PLT quality and, ultimately, distinguish among hyper- and nonresponsive PCs. Additionally, we hypothesize that due to their procoagulant properties, PLT microvesicles (PMVs) contribute to the clot signature in these methods...
August 16, 2016: Transfusion
Anne Godier, Kiran Parmar, Karuna Manandhar, Beverley J Hunt
AIMS: Acute traumatic coagulopathy is characterised by fibrinolysis and low fibrinogen. It is unclear how much fibrinogenolysis contributes to reduce fibrinogen levels. The study aim was to: investigate in vitro the effects of tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) and tranexamic acid (TXA) on coagulation and fibrinolysis. METHODS: Whole blood was spiked with varying t-PA concentrations. Clauss fibrinogen levels and thrombelastography (TEG, Haemonetics) were performed, including functional fibrinogen level (FLEV)...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
S Vig, A Chitolie, D Bevan, A Halliday, J A Dormandy
The Thromboelastograph has now been in use for over 50 years and has been largely regarded as a research tool. Increasing automation and refinement of the TEG and standardisation of results has led to decreased speculation regarding its validity as an assay of haemostasis. There are increasing clinical applications including cardiothoracic surgery and liver transplantation. This review discusses the principles and limitations of the TEG. It also focuses on the current clinical applications and potential research interests...
2001: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Ramji S Lakshmanan, Vitaly Efremov, James S O'Donnell, Anthony J Killard
The coagulation of blood plasma in response to activation with a range of tissue factor (TF) concentrations was studied with a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), where frequency and half width at half maximum (bandwidth) values measured from the conductance spectrum near resonant frequency were used. Continuous measurement of bandwidth along with the frequency allows for an understanding of the dissipative nature of the forming viscoelastic clot, thus providing information on the complex kinetics of the viscoelastic changes occurring during the clot formation process...
September 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Mudi Misgav, Tal Mandelbaum, Yigal Kassif, Haim Berkenstadt, Ilia Tamarin, Gili Kenet
Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) in hemophilia patients is challenging. Thromboelastography (TEG) is useful to assess hemostasis perioperatively. A patient with severe hemophilia A underwent CABG with TEG studied. After factor VIII (FVIII) bolus dose, TEG was normalized. Following 'on-pump' heparinization, protamine administration revealed prolonged TEG-R and TEG-R with heparinase confirming it, whereas the activated clotting time was normal, suggesting low FVIII activity rather than excess of heparin...
June 6, 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
A P Bonartsev, I I Zharkova, S G Yakovlev, V L Myshkina, T K Mahina, V V Voinova, A L Zernov, V A Zhuikov, E A Akoulina, E V Ivanova, E S Kuznetsova, K V Shaitan, G A Bonartseva
A precursor feeding strategy for effective biopolymer producer strain Azotobacter chroococcum 7B was used to synthetize various poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) copolymers. We carried out experiments on biosynthesis of PHB copolymers by A. chroococcum 7B using various precursors: sucrose as the primary carbon source, various carboxylic acids and ethylene glycol (EG) derivates [diethylene glycol (DEG), triethylene glycol (TEG), poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) 300, PEG 400, PEG 1000] as additional carbon sources. We analyzed strain growth parameters including biomass and polymer yields, as well as molecular weight and monomer composition of produced copolymers...
May 23, 2016: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Christiaan N Mamczak, Megan Maloney, Braxton Fritz, Bryan Boyer, Scott Thomas, Ed Evans, Victoria A Ploplis, Francis J Castellino, Jonathon McCollester, Mark Walsh
OBJECTIVES: To describe the adjunctive use of thromboelastography (TEG) in directing initial blood component therapy resuscitation of patients with polytrauma with acute pelvic/acetabular fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING: Level-2 trauma center. PATIENTS: Forty adult trauma activations with acute pelvic and/or acetabular fractures were treated with standard fracture care and TEG with adjuvant platelet mapping (TEG/PM) analysis to guide their initial 24-hour resuscitation...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Sandro Rizoli, Arimie Min, Adic Perez Sanchez, Pang Shek, Richard Grodecki, Precilla Veigas, Henry T Peng
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in viscoelastic hemostatic assays rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) and thromboelastography (TEG) for trauma. Despite shared features, it is unknown whether their results are interchangeable and whether one is clinically superior in predicting mortality, blood transfusion, and diagnosing early trauma coagulopathy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study comparing equivalent ROTEM and TEG parameters. Severely injured patients expected to receive massive transfusion were included...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Angeleah Ramirez, Jeffrey B Riley, Lyle D Joyce
To prevent thrombotic or bleeding events in patients receiving a total artificial heart (TAH), agents have been used to avoid adverse events. The purpose of this article is to outline the adoption and results of a multi-targeted antithrombotic clinical procedure guideline (CPG) for TAH patients. Based on literature review of TAH anticoagulation and multiple case series, a CPG was designed to prescribe the use of multiple pharmacological agents. Total blood loss, Thromboelastograph(®) (TEG), and platelet light-transmission aggregometry (LTA) measurements were conducted on 13 TAH patients during the first 2 weeks of support in our institution...
March 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Ian Roberts
Administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) to bleeding trauma patients who are within 3 hours of injury has been shown to safely reduce mortality in bleeding trauma patients. However, some believe that thromboelastography (TEG or ROTEM) can be used to subdivide these patients into those that will benefit from TXA and those that will be harmed by it. If thromboelastography can be used in this way there could be important patient benefits. However, if the approach is misguided, patients could be denied a lifesaving treatment...
April 2016: Transfusion
Ali Nazemi, Charlotte E Boott, David J Lunn, Jessica Gwyther, Dominic W Hayward, Robert M Richardson, Mitchell A Winnik, Ian Manners
Cylindrical block copolymer micelles have shown considerable promise in various fields of biomedical research. However, unlike spherical micelles and vesicles, control over their dimensions in biologically relevant solvents has posed a key challenge that potentially limits in depth studies and their optimization for applications. Here, we report the preparation of cylindrical micelles of length in the wide range of 70 nm to 1.10 μm in aqueous media with narrow length distributions (length polydispersities <1...
April 6, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Vandhana Muralidharan-Chari, Jaehan Kim, Ahlam Abuawad, Mubeena Naeem, Huadong Cui, Shaker A Mousa
Thymoquinone (THQ) is a major component of black seeds. Given that both THQ and black seeds exhibit anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities, we hypothesized that THQ will affect cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT), which is primarily triggered by tissue factor (TF) and inflammation. The effect of both black seed-extracted and purchased ("pure") THQ on normal blood coagulation was tested with in vitro thromboelastography (TEG) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) coagulation assays. The effect of pure THQ on CAT was tested with aPTT assay using pancreatic cancer cell lines that are either positive or negative for TF, and with TEG assay using lipopolysaccharide as an inflammatory trigger...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Kirsten C Rasmussen, Michael Højskov, Pär I Johansson, Irina Kridina, Thomas Kistorp, Lisbeth Salling, Henning B Nielsen, Birgitte Ruhnau, Tom Pedersen, Niels H Secher
For patients exposed to a massive blood loss during surgery, maintained coagulation competence is important. It is less obvious whether coagulation competence influences bleeding during elective surgery where patients are exposed to infusion of a crystalloid or a colloid. This randomized controlled trial evaluates whether administration of 5% human albumin (HA) or lactated Ringer solution (LR) affects coagulation competence and in turn blood loss during cystectomy due to bladder cancer. Forty patients undergoing radical cystectomy were included to receive either 5% HA (n = 20) or LR (n = 20)...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shengjian Zhong, Chunbao Zhang, Juntao Hu, Zhanhong Tang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of thrombelastography (TEG) and the conventional coagulability test in patients with sepsis, and to discuss the value of TEG in monitoring blood coagulation dysfunction in patients with sepsis. METHODS: The clinical data of 92 adult patients with sepsis admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 12 group (n = 47) and SOFA < 12 group (n = 45)...
February 2016: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Ioannis N Liras, Elaheh Rahbar, Matthew T Harting, John B Holcomb, Bryan A Cotton
BACKGROUND: Thrombelastography (TEG) maximal amplitude (mA) has also been shown to reflect hypercoagulability and increased venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk in adult trauma patients. Based on these previous works, we sought to identify when children become adults with respect to TEG mA values and whether this correlated with VTE risk. METHODS: We evaluated all trauma patients admitted from January 2010 to December 2013 who were highest-level activations. Age was evaluated as a continuous variable, followed by a categorical evaluation...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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