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Yu Zhu, Yingxin Gu, Shichong Qiao, Linyi Zhou, Junyu Shi, Hongchang Lai
Microorganisms are frequently introduced to dental implants during surgery and start the race for the surface with host cells before osseointegration occurs. The aim of the study was to endow implant surfaces with biological functions that reliably select cells over microbes. Nano-structured tantalum (Ta) has exhibited excellent compatibility. Thus, nano-structured Ta films were deposited on the sand-blasted, large grit and acid-etched (SLA) titanium by the magnetron sputtering method, thus forming hierarchical micro/nanostructured surfaces...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Michael K Yeung, Sophia L Sze, Jean Woo, Timothy Kwok, David H K Shum, Ruby Yu, Agnes S Chan
BACKGROUND: Some functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have reported altered activations in the frontal cortex during working memory (WM) performance in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but the findings have been mixed. The objective of the present study was to utilize near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), an alternative imaging technique, to examine neural processing during WM performance in individuals with MCI. METHODS: Twenty-six older adults with MCI (7 males; mean age 69...
October 27, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Ying Xiong, Li Liu, Jiajun Wang, Wei Xi, Yu Xia, Qi Bai, Yang Qu, Qilai Long, Jiejie Xu, Jianming Guo
BACKGROUND: Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 21 (CCL21), a ligand of the chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 7, has recently been identified as an immuno-based anti-cancer molecule for its dendritic cells and T lymphocytes chemoattractant function. The aim of this study was to investigate prognostic values of CCL21 expression in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients treated with targeted therapy. METHODS: This study included 111 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving targeted therapy...
October 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Jian Xie, Yan Feng, Ting Lin, Xiao-Yu Huang, Rui-Huan Gan, Yong Zhao, Bo-Hua Su, Lin-Can Ding, Lin She, Jiang Chen, Li-Song Lin, Xu Lin, Da-Li Zheng, You-Guang Lu
The cadherin-4 gene (CDH4) of the cadherin family encodes non-epithelial R-cadherin (R-cad); however, the function of this gene in different types of cancer remains controversial. In this study, we found higher expression of CDH4 mRNA in a salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) cell line with low metastatic potential (SACC-83) than in a cell line with high metastatic potential (SACC-LM). By analyzing 67 samples of SACC tissues and 40 samples of paraneoplastic normal tissues, we found R-cad highly expressed in 100% of normal paraneoplastic tissue but only expressed in 64% of SACC tumor tissues (P<0...
October 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Wankun Chen, Yajun Xu, Jing Zhong, Huihui Wang, Meilin Weng, Qian Cheng, Qichao Wu, Zhirong Sun, Hui Jiang, Minmin Zhu, Yu Ren, Pingbo Xu, Jiawei Chen, Changhong Miao
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma amplified sequence 1 (MFHAS1) is a predicted oncoprotein that demonstrates tumorigenic activity in vivo; however, the mechanisms involved are unknown. Macrophages are divided into the pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory/protumoral M2 subtypes. Tumor cells can induce M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) to promote metastasis; but the underlying pathways require to be elucidated. In this study, we detected a positive association between MFHAS1 expression in TAMs and human colorectal cancer (CRC) TNM stage...
October 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Lorena P Suarez-Kelly, Gregory M Kemper, Megan C Duggan, Andrew Stiff, Tiffany C Nole, Joseph Markowitz, Eric A Luedke, Vedat O Yildiz, Lianbo Yu, Alena Cristina Jaime-Ramirez, Volodymyr Karpa, Xiaoli Zhang, William E Carson
The ubiquitin-proteasome signaling pathway is critical for cell cycle regulation and neoplastic growth. Proteasome inhibition can activate apoptotic pathways. Bortezomib, a selective proteasome inhibitor, has anti-melanoma activity. MLN2238 (ixazomib), an oral proteasome inhibitor, has improved pharmacotherapeutic parameters compared to bortezomib. Interferon-alpha (IFN-α), an immune boosting agent, is FDA-approved for treatment of melanoma. In this study in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the antitumor potential of ixazomib and combination treatments with ixazomib and IFN-α were performed...
October 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Shanshan Li, Wenda Zhang, Yanwei Yang, Ting Ma, Jianpeng Guo, Shanshan Wang, Wenying Yu, Lingyi Kong
Constitutive activation of STAT3 has been found in a wide variety of cancers and demonstrated as a very attractive therapeutic target. Disrupting both acetylation and phosphorylation of STAT3 protein was hypothesized to greatly deactivate STAT3, therefore, treating cancers. To demonstrate the hypothesis, two series of novel resveratrol-caffeic acid hybrids were designed aiming to regulate both acetylation and phosphorylation of STAT3 protein, which is also the first report of the synthetic inhibitors simultaneously regulating two biological reactions of STAT3 to our knowledge...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Haofei Yu, Amy L Stuart
'Smart' growth and electric vehicles are potential solutions to the negative impacts of worldwide urbanization on air pollution and health. However, the effects of planning strategies on distinct types of pollutants, and on human exposures, remain understudied. The goal of this work was to investigate the potential impacts of alternative urban designs for the area around Tampa, Florida USA, on emissions, ambient concentrations, and exposures to oxides of nitrogen (NOx), 1,3-butadiene, and benzene. We studied three potential future scenarios: sprawling growth, compact growth, and 100% vehicle fleet electrification with compact growth...
October 23, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Yu-Jin Kwon, Kug-Jin Jeon, Tae-Ha Chung, Yong-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVE: Both an elevated leukocyte count and periodontitis share well-recognized associations with cardiometabolic diseases. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify whether the leukocyte count is associated with periodontitis in a nationally-representative Korean adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 9,391 participants (3,659 males and 5,732 females) enrolled in 2012-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed...
October 26, 2016: Oral Diseases
Yi-Cun Li, Lin-Lin Bu, Liang Mao, Si-Rui Ma, Jian-Feng Liu, Guang-Tao Yu, Wei-Wei Deng, Wen-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Jun Sun
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to evaluate the expression of SATB1 in human oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) and its role in the invasiveness and metastasis of OSCC. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A human OSCC tissue microarray was used to evaluate the expression pattern of SATB1. SATB1 mRNA knockdown was performed in human OSCC cell lines SCC25 and Cal27 to assess the function of SATB1 in the invasiveness and metastasis of OSCC. RESULTS: SATB1 is highly expressed in human OSCC determined by immunohistochemistry and its nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio of histoscore is significantly correlated with patients' prognosis...
October 26, 2016: Oral Diseases
Jianchun Wan, Songyou Hu, Kefeng Ni, Guifang Chang, Xiangjun Sun, Liangli Yu
The structure of dietary triacylglycerols is thought to influence fatty acid and calcium absorption, as well as intestinal microbiota population of the host. In the present study, we investigated the impact of palmitic acid (PA) esterified at the sn-2 position on absorption of fatty acid and calcium and composition of intestinal microorganisms in rats fed high-fat diets containing either low sn-2 PA (12.1%), medium sn-2 PA (40.4%) or high sn-2 PA (56.3%), respectively. Fecal fatty acid profiles in the soaps were measured by gas chromatography (GC), while fecal calcium concentration was detected by ICP-MS...
2016: PloS One
Lei Dong, Wen-Mei Yu, Hong Zheng, Mignon L Loh, Silvia T Bunting, Melinda Pauly, Gang Huang, Muxiang Zhou, Hal E Broxmeyer, David T Scadden, Cheng-Kui Qu
Germline activating mutations of the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 (encoded by PTPN11), a positive regulator of the RAS signalling pathway, are found in 50% of patients with Noonan syndrome. These patients have an increased risk of developing leukaemia, especially juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML), a childhood myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN). Previous studies have demonstrated that mutations in Ptpn11 induce a JMML-like MPN through cell-autonomous mechanisms that are dependent on Shp2 catalytic activity...
October 26, 2016: Nature
Xiurong Yu, Hongying Sun, Xiangyun Lin, Xiuxiang Liu
BACKGROUND Breast feeding can enhance preterm infants' neurodevelopmental outcome, regulate immune function development. This study aims to develop breastfeeding evaluation indicators system in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and to provide theoretical basis for all-round evaluation of breast feeding quality for hospitalized preterm infants. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study was performed based on Avedis Donabedian's theory of medical care quality. Preterm infant breast feeding evaluation indicators system frame was initially formed by using literature review, clinical on-spot observation and expert consultation methods...
October 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Tongtong Tian, Qiongzheng Hu, Yi Wang, Yanan Gao, Li Yu
A series of imidazolium-based surface active ionic liquids (IM-SAILs), viz. single-chained IM-SAILs, 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([Cnmim]Br, n=12, 14, 16), 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium salicylate ([C12mim]Sal), 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoate ([C12mim]HNC), 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium cinnamate ([C12mim]CA), 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium para-hydroxy-cinnamate ([C12mim]PCA); gemini IM-SAIL, 1,2-bis(3-dodecylimidazolium-1-yl) ethane bromide ([C12-2-C12im]Br2), along with three short-chained ionic liquids (ILs), ethylammonium nitrate (EAN), propylammonium nitrate (PAN) and butylammonium nitrate (BAN), were synthesized and applied to nematic liquid crystal (LC)-fluid interfaces...
October 26, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xingjuan Zhao, Xiaoli Yu, Yong-Ill Lee, Hong-Guo Liu
Composite thin films with well-defined and parallel nanowires were fabricated from the binary blends of a diblock copolymer polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) and several homo-polystyrenes (h-PSs) at the air/liquid interface through a facile technique, which involves solution self-assembly, interface adsorption, and further self-organization processes. It was confirmed that the nanowires that appeared at the air/water interface came from the cylindrical micelles formed in solution. Interestingly, the diameters of the nanowires are uniform and can be tuned precisely from 45 to 247 nm by incorporating the h-PS molecules into the micellar core...
October 26, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Feng Zhou, Ke-Hua Gu, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Meng-Yao Zhang, Sheng Zhou, Zhihao Shen, Xing-He Fan
By making use of the host-guest interactions between the host molecule tris-o-phenylenedioxycyclotriphosphazene (TPP) and the rod-coil block copolymer (BCP) poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(octyl 4'-octyloxy-2-vinylbiphenyl-4-carboxylate) (PEO-b-PVBP), the supramolecular rod-rod block copolymer P(EO@TPP)-b-PVBP was constructed. It consists of a crystalline segment P(EO@TPP) with a hexagonal crystalline structure and a columnar nematic liquid-crystalline segment (PVBP). As the PVBP segments arrange themselves as columnar nematic phases, the crystalline structure of the inclusion complex P(EO@TPP), which has a smaller diameter, is destroyed...
October 26, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Juan Liu, Guang Hong, Yu-Han Wu, Kosei Endo, Jian-Min Han, Hiroyuki Kumamoto, Takeshi Wada, Hidemi Kato, Ping Gao, Keiichi Sasaki
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the surface characteristics and initial bioactivity of ceria-stabilized zirconia/alumina nanocomposite (NANOZR) with those of yttria-stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) and pure titanium (CpTi) following the use of three surface modification methods; polishing, sandblasting/acid-etching (SB-E) and electrochemical deoxidation (ECD). Physical properties including surface morphology, chemical composition, X-ray diffraction, surface wettability, surface roughness, and hardness were measured...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Yue Yu, Changlei Wang, Corey R Grice, Niraj Shrestha, Jing Chen, Dewei Zhao, Weiqiang Liao, Alexander J Cimaroli, Paul J Roland, Randy J Ellingson, Yanfa Yan
Formamidinium lead triiodide (FAPbI3 ) is considered as an alternative to methylammonium lead triiodide (MAPbI3 ) because of its lower band gap and better thermal stability. However, owing to the large size of FA cations, it is difficult to synthesize high-quality FAPbI3 thin films without the formation of an undesirable yellow phase. Smaller sized cations, such as MA and Cs, have been successfully used to suppress the formation of the yellow phase. Whereas FA and MA lead triiodide perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) have achieved power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) higher than 20 %, the PCEs of formamidinium and cesium lead triiodide (FA1-x Csx PbI3 ) PVSCs have been only approximately 16...
October 26, 2016: ChemSusChem
Jinling Yu, Xiaolin Zeng, Shuying Cheng, Yonghai Chen, Yu Liu, Yunfeng Lai, Qiao Zheng, Jun Ren
The ratio of Rashba and Dresselhaus spin splittings of the (001)-grown GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells (QWs), investigated by the spin photocurrent spectra induced by circular photogalvanic effect (CPGE) at inter-band excitation, has been effectively tuned by changing the well width of QWs and by inserting a one-monolayer-thick InAs layer at interfaces of GaAs/AlGaAs QWs. Reflectance difference spectroscopy (RDS) is also employed to study the interface asymmetry of the QWs, whose results are in good agreement with that obtained by CPGE measurements...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Chengbo Yu, Qing Cao, Ping Chen, Shigui Yang, Xianli Gong, Min Deng, Bing Ruan, Lanjuan Li
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor which can lead to development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Tissue transglutaminase-2 (TG2) has been shown to be critical for cancer progression. However, how TG2 promotes the progression of HBV-related HCC remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to explore the expression and function of TG2 on HBV-related HCC progression. The expression levels of TG2 were examined in a series of HBV-related HCC tissues and a panel of HCC cell lines. The effects of TG2 knockdown on the proliferation and migration of HBV-related cells were determined...
October 25, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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