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Bacillus endocarditis

Maïté Micaelo, Pascal Rasmy, Marlène Amara, Juliette Lambert, Aymeric Coutard, Béatrice Pangon
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a Gram-positive bacillus, is reported to cause for cutaneous infections and endocarditis. We report a case of E. rhusiopathiae bacteremia without severe clinical illness. The patient, a 74-year-old man, is suffering from a chronic lymphoid leukemia (LLC). Following a trauma, the patient developed a bruise on the left inch. Because the site of shock seemed clinically infected, oral amoxicilline-acid clavulanic (AAC) treatment was started after withdrawn 1 set of blood cultures. These blood culture specimens yielded a Gram-positive bacillus identified as E...
October 1, 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Barış Ata Borsa, Mehmet Ersoy Aldağ, Birsen Tunalı, Uğur Dinç, Zeynep Güngördü Dalar, Veli Cengiz Özalp
The high prevalence of Bacillus species in nature and the detection of these bacteria as contaminant in cultures may lead diagnostic dilemma, however they should still be considered as a pathogen particularly in case of repeated positive cultures from patients with risk factors. Bacillus pumilus is a bacteria, though rarely, been reported as the causative agent of various infections such as sepsis, endocarditis, skin infections and food poisoning in human. In this report, a sepsis case in an immunocompetent patient caused by B...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Noopur Goel, Lubna Bashir Munshi, Braghadheeswar Thyagarajan
Patients with history of intravenous drug abuse are noted to be at risk of several infections including HIV, endocarditis, and other opportunistic infections. We report the case of a patient with sustained Bacillus cereus bacteremia despite use of multiple antibiotic regimens during his inpatient stay. Our case highlights the importance of high suspicion for active drug use inside the hospital in such patients. This is important in order to minimize unnecessary diagnostic workup and provide adequate treatment and safe hospital stay for these patients...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Yi Gao, Eugen C Minca, Gary W Procop, Wilma F Bergfeld
Stenotrophomas maltophilia is an opportunistic Gram-negative bacillus and an important cause of nosocomial infections, particularly in immunosuppressed individuals. Although infections with this organism are most often in the form of pneumonia, bacteremia, and endocarditis, awareness of the impact of S maltophilia skin infections has been increasing. Here we describe a case of S maltophilia cellulitis in a 65-year-old man with severe neutropenia and purpuric skin lesions to highlight the critical histopathological findings and correlate them with the clinical manifestations of the skin infection with this organism...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
William F Wright
Bacillus cereus typically presents as a gastrointestinal infection, but rarely manifests as systemic disease. This report describes a case of B. cereus-related endocarditis that presented as a sickle cell crisis and bacteremia. Initial clinical suspicion was for laboratory contamination of blood cultures. The case herein described is intended to demonstrate an uncommon presentation of B. cereus infection and highlights the value of an aggressive need to further investigate and interpret unexpected blood culture findings in clinical practice, early adequate antimicrobial therapy, prompt diagnosis, and consideration to urgent surgical interventions in such cases...
June 2016: Clinical Medicine & Research
Fatma Deniz Aygun, Fatih Aygun, Halit Cam
Bacillus cereus can cause serious, life-threatening, systemic infections in immunocompromised patients. The ability of microorganism to form biofilm on biomedical devices can be responsible for catheter-related bloodstream infections. Other manifestations of severe disease are meningitis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and surgical and traumatic wound infections. The most common feature in true bacteremia caused by Bacillus is the presence of an intravascular catheter. Herein, we report a case of catheter-related bacteremia caused by B...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Luigi Principe, Silvia Bracco, Carola Mauri, Silvia Tonolo, Beatrice Pini, Francesco Luzzaro
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a Gram-positive bacillus that is infrequently responsible for infections in humans. Three forms have been classified: a localized cutaneous form (erysipeloid) caused by traumatic penetration of E. rhusiopathiae, a generalized cutaneous form and a septicemic form. The latter type of disease has been previously associated with a high incidence of endocarditis. Here we report a case of E. rhusiopathiae bacteremia in a 74-year-old man, probably started from an erysipeloid form, in which endocarditis did not develop...
March 21, 2016: Infectious Disease Reports
Stefano Veraldi, Gianluca Nazzaro
UNLABELLED: Serratia marcescens is a Gram-negative, encapsulated, motile, anaerobic, non-sporulating bacillus that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is found in water, soil, plants, food, and garbage. S. marcescens is an opportunistic pathogen. It usually causes nosocomial infections, such as lung and genitourinary infections, sinusitis, otitis, endocarditis, and sepsis. Skin infections caused by S. marcescens are rare. To describe three new cases of skin ulcers of the leg caused by S...
August 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Limay Vázquez, Carolina De Los Santos, María Cichero, Victoria Frantchez, Noelia Batista, Rosario Palacio, Verónica Seija, Washington Vignolo, Leonardo Sosa, Ricardo Silvariño
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathie is an immobile, not sporulated, gram positive bacillus. Man is an accidental host. Infection is acquired through wounds on contact with sick animals or carriers, their products or objects contaminated with their waste. We report a 40 years old tannery male worker, presenting in the emergency room with fever lasting one month. An echocardiogram showed a vegetation and perforation of the aortic valve with severe aortic regurgitation. Blood cultures gave growth to E. rhusiopathiae. The patient was treated with penicillin...
December 2015: Revista Médica de Chile
Mahek Shah, Soumya Patnaik, Supakanya Wongrakpanich, Yaser Alhamshari, Talal Alnabelsi
Incidence of infective endocarditis during pregnancy is around 0.006% with high maternal and fetal mortality. Bacillus cereus is an extremely rare cause for endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers (IVDA) or those with valvular disease or devices such as pacemakers. We report a case of B. cereus endocarditis, which, to the best of our knowledge, has never been reported in pregnancy. A 30-year-old, 25-week pregnant female presented with right shoulder pain, swelling and erythema on the lateral aspect of deltoid muscle from large abscess over her deltoid muscle...
2015: IDCases
Safa Edagiz, Phil Lagace-Wiens, John Embil, James Karlowsky, Andrew Walkty
A case of pneumonia with associated empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans is described. C bifermentans is an anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacillus. This organism is infrequently reported as a cause of infection in humans, and older publications tended to regard it as nonpathogenic. However, in more recent reports, C bifermentans has been documented as a cause of septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, soft tissue infection, abdominal infections, brain abscess, bacteremia and endocarditis. The present case is the third reported case of empyema caused by C bifermentans, and it serves to further define the spectrum of illness due to this uncommon organism...
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Alice Fournier, Frédérique Gouriet, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Jean-Paul Casalta, Ludivine Saby, Gilbert Habib, Michel Drancourt, Didier Raoult
The occurrence of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) disease following instillation for bladder cancer is commonly documented. The intravesical administration of BCG is generally safe, but may present severe complications. A fatal case of native aortic valve infectious endocarditis with septicemia due to BCG in a patient treated with intravesical instillation is reported herein.
June 2015: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
W Thomas Bass, Donna DeLoach, Jamil H Khan, Glen A Green, Kenji M Cunnion
Capnocytophaga is an opportunistic gram-negative anaerobic bacillus found in the oropharyngeal cavity of mammals and is associated with periodontal disease in humans. Sepsis, osteomyelitis, lung abscess, endocarditis, and meningitis have been reported in humans following animal bites. Perinatal infection with Capnocytophaga is infrequent and is generally considered to have a low risk of morbidity to the mother and fetus. We report a case of neonatal Capnocytophaga sepsis associated with the development of severe cystic periventricular leukomalacia...
November 2014: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Takuma Aoki, Hiroshi Sunahara, Keisuke Sugimoto, Tetsuro Ito, Eiichi Kanai, Yoko Fujii
Infective endocarditis (IE) in dogs with cardiac shunts has not been reported previously. However, we encountered a dog with concurrent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and IE. The dog was a 1-year-old, 13.9-kg female Border collie and presented with anorexia, weight loss, pyrexia (40.4 °C) and lameness. A continuous murmur with maximal intensity over the left heart base (Levine 5/6) was detected on auscultation. Echocardiography revealed a PDA and severe aortic stenosis (AS) caused by aortic-valve vegetative lesions...
March 2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Martin Rohacek, Paul Erne, Richard Kobza, Gaby E Pfyffer, Reno Frei, Maja Weisser
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is increasing. The purpose of this study was to compare three methods (sonication, swab cultures, and blood cultures) to detect bacteria in infections of CIEDs. METHODS: Patients with pocket infection of CIEDs and/or CIED-associated infective endocarditis were prospectively included. Generators and leads were sonicated together. Swab cultures of the generator pocket and blood cultures were performed...
February 2015: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Kristin Y Popiel, Donald C Vinh
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a facultative Gram-negative bacillus that is typically a constituent of the oral flora of dogs and cats. It was first isolated by Bobo and Newton in 1976 from a man presenting with meningitis following a dog bite. Transmission to humans follows various animal-related injuries, which may be gross or subtle. C canimorsus can cause a spectrum of syndromes ranging from skin and soft tissue infection to invasive disease such as meningitis or endocarditis. The present article reports a case of C canimorsus meningitis in a patient with the classic risk factor of alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
2013: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Zhenhong Li, Jennifer Madeo, Shadab Ahmed, Alex Vidal, Amgad Makaryus, Jose Mejia, Tabassum Yasmin
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is a Gram-negative bacillus, member of the HACEK group of bacteria, and it is a very rare cause of endocarditis. It is also an extremely rare cause of device-associated infection of the heart. We describe the case of a 25 year-old man who presented with pacemaker-associated endocarditis due to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and also discuss the implications and treatment of this organism.
September 1, 2013: Germs
Smita Sood, Vivek Kumar Vaid, Hemant Bhartiya
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an aerobic, glucose non- fermentative, gram negative bacillus, which is being increasingly recognized as a cause of serious infections such as bacteraemia, urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, endocarditis, meningitis and ocular infections in hospitalized patients. The treatment of invasive S. maltophilia infections is difficult, as this pathogen shows high levels of intrinsic or acquired resistance to different antibiotics, thus reducing the options which are available for treatment...
August 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Talha Riaz, Juhsien J C Nienaber, Larry M Baddour, Randall C Walker, Soon J Park, Muhammad Rizwan Sohail
BACKGROUND: Most patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have concomitant cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). However, clinical presentation and outcome of CIED infection in the setting of LVAD has not been previously described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 247 patients who underwent LVAD implantation at Mayo Clinic campuses in Minnesota, Arizona, and Florida, from January 2005 to December 2011. Demographic and clinical data of patients who met criteria for CIED infection were extracted...
February 2014: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Asim Ahmed Kichloo, Alexander Hallac, Ben Mousavi, Omkar Hirekhan
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a pleomorphic gram-positive bacillus, is found widely in nature or as a commensal pathogen. It infects domestic animals such as swine, which may be the major reservoir of the organism. E. rhusiopathiae is primarily an occupational illness; 89% of the cases are linked to high-risk epidemiological situations. Humans that are infected by this bacillus typically present with one or a combination of the following symptoms: localized skin lesion (erysipeloid), diffuse cutaneous eruptions with systemic symptoms, or bacteremia, which is often followed by endocarditis...
2013: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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