keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

What is well-being?

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792489/what-it-means-to-be-a-national-a-study-among-adolescents-in-multicultural-mauritius
#1
Femke van der Werf, Maykel Verkuyten, Borja Martinovic, Caroline Ng Tseung-Wong
OBJECTIVES: We investigated adolescents' understandings of national group membership in multicultural Mauritius. We hypothesized that tolerance toward different cultures would be an important criterion for being Mauritian. In addition, national identity was expected to be defined in terms of "being," "feeling," and "doing." The type of definition, and whether stopping being Mauritian is perceived as possible, was expected to depend on age and national identification...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#2
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792300/what-is-the-effect-of-secondary-high-schooling-on-subsequent-medical-school-performance-a-national-uk-based-cohort-study
#3
Lazaro M Mwandigha, Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Adetayo S Kasim, Jan R Böhnke
OBJECTIVES: University academic achievement may be inversely related to the performance of the secondary (high) school an entrant attended. Indeed, some medical schools already offer 'grade discounts' to applicants from less well-performing schools. However, evidence to guide such policies is lacking. In this study, we analyse a national dataset in order to understand the relationship between the two main predictors of medical school admission in the UK (prior educational attainment (PEA) and performance on the United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT)) and subsequent undergraduate knowledge and skills-related outcomes analysed separately...
May 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792259/going-digital-a-checklist-in-preparing-for-hospital-wide-electronic-medical-record-implementation-and-digital-transformation
#4
Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
Objective In an era of rapid digitisation of Australian hospitals, practical guidance is needed in how to successfully implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as both a technical innovation and a major transformative change in clinical care. The aim of the present study was to develop a checklist that clearly and comprehensively defines the steps that best prepare hospitals for EMR implementation and digital transformation. Methods The checklist was developed using a formal methodological framework comprised of: literature reviews of relevant issues; an interactive workshop involving a multidisciplinary group of digital leads from Queensland hospitals; a draft document based on literature and workshop proceedings; and a review and feedback from senior clinical leads...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791851/distinct-frequency-specialization-for-detecting-dark-transients-in-humans-and-tree-shrews
#5
Abbas Khani, Faiz Mustafar, Gregor Rainer
Despite well-known privileged perception of dark over light stimuli, it is unknown to what extent this dark dominance is maintained when visual transients occur in rapid succession, for example, during perception of moving stimuli. Here, we address this question using dark and light transients presented at different flicker frequencies. Although both human participants and tree shrews exhibited dark dominance for temporally modulated transients, these occurred at different flicker frequencies, namely, at 11 Hz in humans and 40 Hz and higher in tree shrews...
May 22, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791765/resources-for-work-related-well-being-a-qualitative-study-about-healthcare-employees-experiences-of-relationships-at-work
#6
Sophie Schön Persson, Petra Nilsson Lindström, Pär Pettersson, Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore municipal healthcare employees' experiences of relationships with care recipients and colleagues. The specific research questions were when do the relationships enhance well-being, and what prerequisites are needed for such relationships to occur?. BACKGROUND: Employees in health and social care for older people often depict their work in negative terms, and they often take a high number of sick leaves. Despite the heavy workload, other employees express well-being at work and highlight social relationships as one reason for this...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791718/alopecia-areata-a-review-of-disease-pathogenesis
#7
REVIEW
F Rajabi, L A Drake, M M Senna, N Rezaei
Alopecia areata is a disorder that results in non-scarring hair loss. The psychological impact can be significant, leading to feelings of depression and social isolation. The disease remains incurable though it has been studied for years. Available treatment options at best, are beneficial for milder cases, and the rate of relapse is high. Understanding the exact mechanisms of hair loss in alopecia areata is therefore of utmost importance to help identify potential therapeutic targets. The main theory of alopecia areata pathogenesis is that it is an autoimmune phenomenon resulting from a disruption in hair follicle immune privilege...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791583/what-we-know-and-do-not-know-about-women-and-kidney-diseases-questions-unanswered-and-answers-unquestioned-reflection-on-world-kidney-day-and-international-woman-s-day
#8
G B Piccoli, M Al Rukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, E Zakharova, A Levin
Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically women's kidney health on the community and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791549/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-disease-in-a-high-tuberculosis-incidence-setting-in-brazil
#9
Maiara Dos Santos Carneiro, Luciana de Souza Nunes, Simone Maria Martini De David, Claudia Fontoura Dias, Afonso Luís Barth, Gisela Unis
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of lung disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has been increasing worldwide. In Brazil, there are few studies about nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTMLD), and its prevalence is yet to be known. Our objective was to determine the specific etiology of the disease in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, as well as the frequency and diversity of NTM species in our sample of patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients diagnosed with NTMLD treated in a referral center located in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, between 2003 and 2013...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791044/what-happens-to-offspring-when-parents-are-inbred-old-or-had-a-poor-start-in-life-interactions-between-multiple-causes-of-parental-effects
#10
Regina Vega-Trejo, Loeske E B Kruuk, Michael D Jennions, Megan L Head
Parental effects on offspring performance have been attributed to many factors such as parental age, size, and condition. However, we know little about how these different parental characteristics interact to determine parental effects, or the extent to which their effect on offspring depends on either the sex of the parent or that of the offspring. Here we experimentally tested for effects of variation in parents' early diet and inbreeding levels, as well as effects of parental age, and for potential interactive effects of these three factors on key aspects of offspring development in the mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790810/a-review-of-novel-technologies-and-techniques-associated-with-identification-of-bloodstream-infection-aetiologies-and-rapid-antimicrobial-genotypic-and-quantitative-phenotypic-determination
#11
Stephen Poole, Stephen P Kidd, Kordo Saeed
Introduction The antimicrobial aspect of management of patients with blood stream infections (BSI) and sepsis is time critical. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, rapid detection and identification of bacteria with antimicrobial susceptibility is crucial to direct therapy early in the course of illness. Molecular techniques offer a potential solution to this. Areas covered In the present review the authors have discussed a number of novel solutions utilising a variety of molecular techniques for pathogen detection, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility...
May 23, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790771/child-abuse-awareness-is-the-first-step-to-action
#12
L Paglia
Most of the physical injuries that children are subjected to affect the head and neck region; approximately 50% of injuries due to child abuse occur in the orofacial region and almost 15% of these injuries are confined to the head region (Cairns A.M.). For this reason, the dental team has a key role in identifying and detecting child abuse. In addition, having paediatric dentists an ongoing relationship with their young patients and families give them the opportunity to observe and assess not only the physical and psychological condition of the children, but also the family environment (the majority of abuse cases toward children are from the caregiver or the parents)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790601/a-method-for-partitioning-the-information-contained-in-a-protein-sequence-between-its-structure-and-function
#13
Andrea Possenti, Michele Vendruscolo, Carlo Camilloni, Guido Tiana
Proteins employ the information stored in the genetic code and translated into their sequences to carry out well-defined functions in the cellular environment. The possibility to encode for such functions is controlled by the balance between the amount of information supplied by the sequence and that left after that the protein has folded into its structure. We study the amount of information necessary to specify the protein structure, providing an estimate that keeps into account the thermodynamic properties of protein folding...
May 23, 2018: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790326/-the-quality-of-life-as-perceived-by-older-people-results-of-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Silvia Grosso, Elisa Ambrosi, Carla Benagli, Luigina Mortari, Federica Canzan
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Quality of life (QoL) is vulnerable because of the decline in physical and mental capacity, discharge from work, rupture of the family and isolation. Many QoL Scales are made for adults: there is little research investigating how older people perceive QOL. AIM: This study aims to explore and understand the perceptions that older people have about their QOL. METHOD: A qualitative research hermeneutics-phenomenological was done...
January 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790153/centenarians-end-of-life-thoughts-and-plans-is-their-social-network-on-the-same-page
#15
Kathrin Boerner, Kyungmin Kim, Yijung Kim, Christoph Rott, Daniela S Jopp
OBJECTIVES: To explore how centenarians think about and plan for the end of life (EOL) and to what extent their primary contacts (proxy informants) are aware of these thoughts. DESIGN: Population-based study with semistructured in-person interviews. SETTING: Defined geographical region approximately 60 km around Heidelberg, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Subsample drawn from the larger study of centenarians (N = 78) with data on centenarians' EOL thoughts from the centenarian and the proxy informant...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788848/-sports-in-patients-with-heart-disease-what-should-be-recommended
#16
Valentina Alice Rossi, Christian M Schmied, David Niederseer
Sports in Patients with Heart Disease: What Should Be Recommended? Abstract. Sports is recommended in the European guidelines for the prevention and initial treatment of many cardiovascular diseases as well as the metabolic syndrome. However, the individually recommended intensity and duration of physical activity that unfolds the maximal protective effects in terms of prevention, largely differs. Indeed, a J-curve relationship with regard to exercise training has been postulated, with the assumption that too much sports is equally harmful or potentially even more harmful than too little sports...
2018: Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787675/a-metal-stabilized-quinoidal-dibenzo-g-p-chrysene-fused-bis-dicarbacorrole-system
#17
Xian-Sheng Ke, Yongseok Hong, Vincent M Lynch, Dongho Kim, Jonathan L Sessler
We report here a metal complexation-based strategy that permits access to a highly stable expanded porphyrin-type quinoidal PAH. Specifically, double insertion of Pd(II) ions into a dibenzo[g,p]chrysene-fused bis-dicarbacorrole (bis-H3) gives rise to a bis-metalated species (bis-Pd) that undergoes a facile benzenoid-quinonoid transformation. In contrast to what is true for the corre-sponding mono-Pd(II) complex, which has organic radical character, well resolved 1H- and 19F NMR spectra are seen for bis-Pd. This complex is also electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) silent over a range of temperatures...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786184/-protein-carbamylation-what-it-is-and-why-it-concerns-nephrologists
#18
Emanuele De Simone, Lucia Di Micco, Gaetano La Manna, Biagio Di Iorio
Spontaneous urea dissociation in water solution is a prominent source of protein carbamylation in our body. Protein carbamylation is a well-known phenomenon since early seventies. Some years ago, much interest in the diagnostic power of carbamylated protein arouse. Recently the target of the researches focused on its potential cardiovascular pathogenicity. Some authors claimed that this could be a reason for higher cardiovascular mortality in uremic patients. Nutritional therapy, amino acids supplementation and intensive dialysis regimen are some of the therapeutic tools tested to lower the carbamylation burst in this population...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786132/the-economic-case-for-a-pandemic-fund
#19
Kevin Berry, Toph Allen, Richard D Horan, Jason F Shogren, David Finnoff, Peter Daszak
The rapid urban spread of Ebola virus in West Africa in 2014 and consequent breakdown of control measures led to a significant economic impact as well as the burden on public health and wellbeing. The US government appropriated $5.4 Billion for FY2015 and WHO proposed a $100 Million emergency fund largely to curtail the threat of future outbreaks. Using epidemiological analyses and economic modeling, we propose that the best use of these and similar funds would be to serve as global insurance against the continued threat of emerging infectious diseases...
May 21, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785391/how-monte-carlo-heuristics-aid-to-identify-the-physical-processes-of-drug-release-kinetics
#20
Paola Lecca
We implement a Monte Carlo heuristic algorithm to model drug release from a solid dosage form. We show that with Monte Carlo simulations it is possible to identify and explain the causes of the unsatisfactory predictive power of current drug release models. It is well known that the power-law, the exponential models, as well as those derived from or inspired by them accurately reproduce only the first 60% of the release curve of a drug from a dosage form. In this study, by using Monte Carlo simulation approaches, we show that these models fit quite accurately almost the entire release profile when the release kinetics is not governed by the coexistence of different physico-chemical mechanisms...
2018: MethodsX
keyword
keyword
112071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"