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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#1
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214177/dendritic-cells-in-host-response-to-biologic-scaffolds
#2
REVIEW
Cynthia A Leifer
Tissue regeneration and repair require a highly complex and orchestrated series of events that require inflammation, but can be compromised when inflammation is excessive or becomes chronic. Macrophages are one of the first cells to contact and respond to implanted materials, and mediate the inflammatory response. The series of events following macrophage association with biomaterials has been well-studied. Dendritic cells (DCs) also directly interact with biomaterials, are critical for specific immune responses, and can be activated in response to interactions with biomaterials...
February 14, 2017: Seminars in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#3
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212959/results-from-a-well-being-survey-in-the-north-west-of-england-inequalities-in-eq-5d-derived-quality-adjusted-life-expectancy-are-mainly-driven-by-pain-and-mental-health
#4
Brendan Collins
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence that once quality-of-life decrements are factored in, health inequalities become more prominent than using life expectancy alone. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand what the drivers were in inequalities in quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE). METHODS: This study used EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) questionnaire data from a large survey from the North West of England (N = 11,500), which were combined with population and mortality data from administrative datasets, to calculate estimated QALE by deprivation quintile...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212392/what-s-in-a-game-a-systems-approach-to-enhancing-performance-analysis-in-football
#5
Scott McLean, Paul M Salmon, Adam D Gorman, Gemma J M Read, Colin Solomon
PURPOSE: Performance analysis (PA) in football is considered to be an integral component of understanding the requirements for optimal performance. Despite vast amounts of research in this area key gaps remain, including what comprises PA in football, and methods to minimise research-practitioner gaps. The aim of this study was to develop a model of the football match system in order to better describe and understand the components of football performance. Such a model could inform the design of new PA methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#6
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209678/prophylactic-antipyretics-for-prevention-of-febrile-seizures-following-vaccination
#7
Nicholas Monfries, Ran D Goldman
Question Parents of a 12-month-old boy are bringing their son in to my family practice clinic for his well-baby visit. As the infant is due for his 12-month vaccine series, the parents are concerned after hearing about the association between certain vaccinations and an increased risk of febrile seizures, and are wondering if they should administer prophylactic antipyretics to decrease the risk of febrile seizure. What vaccinations are associated with increased risk of febrile seizure, and is there evidence supporting prophylactic administration of antipyretics to prevent febrile seizures? Answer Vaccinations associated with increased risk of febrile seizure include the following: the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine; the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine; the combined diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine; the whole-cell pertussis vaccine; the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine; and concomitant administration of the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine with either the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or the diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209208/food-safety-in-vietnam-where-we-are-at-and-what-we-can-learn-from-international-experiences
#8
Hung Nguyen-Viet, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Fred Unger, Sinh Dang-Xuan, Delia Grace
Food-borne diseases are attracting a lot of attention in Vietnam as a result of repeated episodes of adulterated and unsafe food. In this paper, we provide some perspectives on food safety in Vietnam from the point of view of an international research institution working on food safety with partners in the country. We argue that one of the key issues of food safety in Vietnam is that certain food value chain stakeholders lack ethics, which leads to the production and trading of unsafe foods in order to make profits irrespective of adverse health effects on consumers...
February 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209048/waste-exposure-and-skin-diseases
#9
Matteo Megna, Maddalena Napolitano, Claudia Costa, Nicola Balato, Cataldo Patruno
Waste is a composite mixture of different substances including endotoxins, organic dust and bio-aerosol stuffed with micro-organisms, as well as various toxic organic and inorganic chemicals, which may be intrinsically hazardous to human health. Therefore, health risks may derive from direct or indirect contact with garbage. Although few epidemiological and clinical surveys investigated on the adverse effects of garbage exposure on human health, particularly regarding respiratory, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal and mucous membranes systems, only very limited data are available on the relationship between waste exposure and cutaneous diseases...
February 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208687/a-novel-fiber-optic-based-surveillance-system-for-prevention-of-pipeline-integrity-threats
#10
Javier Tejedor, Javier Macias-Guarasa, Hugo F Martins, Daniel Piote, Juan Pastor-Graells, Sonia Martin-Lopez, Pedro Corredera, Miguel Gonzalez-Herraez
This paper presents a novel surveillance system aimed at the detection and classification of threats in the vicinity of a long gas pipeline. The sensing system is based on phase-sensitive optical time domain reflectometry (ϕ-OTDR) technology for signal acquisition and pattern recognition strategies for threat identification. The proposal incorporates contextual information at the feature level and applies a system combination strategy for pattern classification. The contextual information at the feature level is based on the tandem approach (using feature representations produced by discriminatively-trained multi-layer perceptrons) by employing feature vectors that spread different temporal contexts...
February 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208482/aging-underdamped-scaled-brownian-motion-ensemble-and-time-averaged-particle-displacements-nonergodicity-and-the-failure-of-the-overdamping-approximation
#11
Hadiseh Safdari, Andrey G Cherstvy, Aleksei V Chechkin, Anna Bodrova, Ralf Metzler
We investigate both analytically and by computer simulations the ensemble- and time-averaged, nonergodic, and aging properties of massive particles diffusing in a medium with a time dependent diffusivity. We call this stochastic diffusion process the (aging) underdamped scaled Brownian motion (UDSBM). We demonstrate how the mean squared displacement (MSD) and the time-averaged MSD of UDSBM are affected by the inertial term in the Langevin equation, both at short, intermediate, and even long diffusion times...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208318/microfield-dynamics-in-dense-hydrogen-plasmas-with-high-z-impurities
#12
Stefan P Hau-Riege, Jon Weisheit
We use large-scale classical molecular dynamics to determine microfield properties for several dense plasma mixtures. By employing quantum statistical potentials (QSPs) to regularize the Coulomb interaction, our simulations follow motions of electrons as well as ions for times long enough to track relaxation phenomena involving both types of particles. Coulomb coupling, relative to temperature, of different pairs of species in the hot, dense matter being simulated ranges from weak to strong. We first study the effect of such coupling differences, along with composition and QSP differences, on the roles of electrons and various mixture components in determining probability distributions of instantaneous, total microfields experienced by the ions...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208206/cross-border-capacity-assessment-in-dementia-care
#13
Wesley Jongen, Matthew J Commers, Jos M G A Schols, Genc Burazeri, Helmut Brand
Within the Euregio Meuse-Rhine, cross-border cooperation in the healthcare sector has taken place on different occasions and at different levels. However, it still proving to be difficult to have an overview of the existing structures and activities of Euregio in specific healthcare fields, such as for instance, dementia care. The aim of this study is to examine to what extent cooperation in the Dutch province of Limburg in the field of dementia care can be considered Euregionally oriented. In order to create more cross-border transparency within the Euregional dementia care field, we conducted a capacity assessment analysis...
February 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207786/hearing-flashes-and-seeing-beeps-timing-audiovisual-events
#14
Manuel Vidal
Many events from daily life are audiovisual (AV). Handclaps produce both visual and acoustic signals that are transmitted in air and processed by our sensory systems at different speeds, reaching the brain multisensory integration areas at different moments. Signals must somehow be associated in time to correctly perceive synchrony. This project aims at quantifying the mutual temporal attraction between senses and characterizing the different interaction modes depending on the offset. In every trial participants saw four beep-flash pairs regularly spaced in time, followed after a variable delay by a fifth event in the test modality (auditory or visual)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207524/in-stent-stenosis-in-the-patient-with-internal-carotid-aneurysm-after-treated-by-the-willis-covered-stent-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#15
Lun-Xin Liu, Meng-Yuan Song, Xiao-Dong Xie
: In-stent stenosis after treated by Willis covered stent-case reports. BACKGROUND: Advancements in minimally invasive technology have allowed endovascular reconstruction of internal carotid aneurysm. However, in-stent stenosis is an important and well-characterized complication of stenting after the treatment of internal carotid aneurysm. CASE DESCRIPTION: We would present 2 patients who were diagnosed with in-stent stenosis after the treatment of Willis covered stent...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205346/do-professional-boundaries-limit-trust
#16
Elizabeth Smythe, Julia Hennessy, Max Abbott, Frances Hughes
The present study uses stories of mental health support workers talking about their relationship with clients to wonder about how trust might be limited by the professional boundaries of nursing. The writing arose out of an appreciative inquiry study looking at the role of mental health support workers. Participants talked about how they worked with their clients. As researchers, we were struck by the depth of trust that was built between worker and client. We have brought a phenomenological lens to wonder about the nature of trust, as shown in the data...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205131/what-to-expect-from-your-remote-eye-tracker-when-participants-are-unrestrained
#17
Diederick C Niehorster, Tim H W Cornelissen, Kenneth Holmqvist, Ignace T C Hooge, Roy S Hessels
The marketing materials of remote eye-trackers suggest that data quality is invariant to the position and orientation of the participant as long as the eyes of the participant are within the eye-tracker's headbox, the area where tracking is possible. As such, remote eye-trackers are marketed as allowing the reliable recording of gaze from participant groups that cannot be restrained, such as infants, schoolchildren and patients with muscular or brain disorders. Practical experience and previous research, however, tells us that eye-tracking data quality, e...
February 15, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204949/caregiver-burden-and-the-medical-ethos
#18
Karsten Witt, Johanne Stümpel, Christiane Woopen
Are physicians sometimes morally required to ease caregiver burden? In our paper we defend an affirmative answer to this question. First, we examine the well-established principle that medical care should be centered on the patient. We argue that although this principle seems to give physicians some leeway to lessen caregivers' suffering, it is very restrictive when spelled out precisely. Based on a critical analysis of existing cases for transcending patient-centeredness we then go on to argue that the medical ethos should indeed contain a rule requiring physicians to alleviate caregiver burden under certain circumstances...
February 15, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203641/the-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-associations-with-characteristics-of-their-parents-and-their-early-childhood
#19
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Locus of control (LOC) measures individuals' expectancies regarding their ability to affect what happens to them based on how they behave. The more they believe their behaviour has something to do with what happens to them the more internal they are. In contrast the more they perceive that what happens to them is beyond their control and determined by luck, fate, chance or powerful others the more external they are. Copious research findings suggest that external LOC (ELOC) is associated with many adverse personal, social, academic and health outcomes...
January 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203639/determination-of-kinetic-bioconcentration-in-mussels-after-short-term-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons
#20
Ledicia Rey-Salgueiro, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Antonio Cid, Jesús Simal-Gándara
The kinetic bioconcentration of N-heterocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) after short waterborne exposure was studied. Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), its analogue azaarene 10-azabenzo[a]pyrene (AzaBaP), and their mixture (Mix), were selected to monitor the changes in water concentrations over three days. Decay of both PAHs concentrations in water after 24 h of waterborne exposure to mussels at levels of 10 and 100 μg/L follows a first order kinetic with half-lives of 4-5 h, with residual levels of PAHs below 7%...
January 2017: Heliyon
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