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radial nerve finger palsy

Andre Eu-Jin Cheah, Jennifer Etcheson, Jeffrey Yao
Radial nerve palsy typically occurs as a result of trauma or iatrogenic injury and leads to the loss of wrist extension, finger extension, thumb extension, and a reduction in grip strength. In the absence of nerve recovery, reconstruction of motor function involves tendon transfer surgery. The most common donor tendons include the pronator teres, wrist flexors, and finger flexors. The type of tendon transfer is classified based on the donor for the extensor digitorum communis. Good outcomes have been reported for most methods of radial nerve tendon transfers as is typical for positional tendon transfers not requiring significant power...
August 2016: Hand Clinics
Lei Zhang, Zhen Dong, Chun-Lin Zhang, Yu-Dong Gu
Background C7 - T1 palsy results in complete loss of finger motion and poses a surgical challenge. This study investigated the anatomy of the radial nerve in the elbow and forearm and the feasibility of intraplexus nerve transfer to restore thumb and finger extension. Methods The radial nerves were dissected in 28 formalin-fixed upper extremities. Branching pattern, length, diameter, and number of myelinated fibers were recorded. Results Commonly, the branching pattern (from proximal to distal) was to the brachioradialis, extensor carpi radialis longus, superficial sensory proximal to the lateral epicondyle, extensor carpi radialis brevis, supinator, extensor digitorum communis, extensor digiti minimi, extensor carpi ulnaris, abductor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis brevis, extensor pollicis longus, and extensor indicis distal to the lateral epicondyle...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
L Latheef, P Bhardwaj, A Sankaran, S R Sabapathy
: This study reports an objective assessment of postoperative function of 11 triple transfers for high radial palsies, using pronator teres for wrist extension, flexor carpi ulnaris for finger extension and palmaris longus for thumb extension. The mean follow-up was 3.3 years. Assessment was done by recording the active ranges of wrist motion, grip strength, wrist and finger strength and work simulation. The mean strength and range of wrist extension were 42% and 86%, respectively, of the contralateral wrist...
June 10, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
R Colasanti, M Iacoangeli, A Di Rienzo, M Dobran, L Di Somma, N Nocchi, M Scerrati
BACKGROUND: Posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsy may present with various symptoms, and may resemble cervical spondylosis. CASE REPORT: We report about a 59-year-old patient with cervical spondylosis which delayed the diagnosis of posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsy due to an intermuscular lipoma. Initial right hand paraesthesias and clumsiness, together with MR findings of right C5-C6 and C6-C7 foraminal stenosis, misled the diagnostic investigation. The progressive loss of extension of all right hand fingers brought to detect a painless mass compressing the PIN...
January 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Mitchell A Pet, Angelo B Lipira, Jason H Ko
High radial nerve injury is a common pattern of peripheral nerve injury most often associated with orthopedic trauma. Nerve transfers to the wrist and finger extensors, often from the median nerve, offer several advantages when compared to nerve repair or grafting and tendon transfer. In this article, we discuss the forearm anatomy pertinent to performing these nerve transfers and review the literature surrounding nerve transfers for wrist, finger, and thumb extension. A suggested algorithm for management of acute traumatic high radial nerve palsy is offered, and our preferred surgical technique for treatment of high radial nerve palsy is provided...
May 2016: Hand Clinics
Abdulla Aljawder, Mohammed Khalid Faqi, Abeer Mohamed, Fahad Alkhalifa
INTRODUCTION: Anterior Interosseous Nerve (AIN) is a motor branch from the Median nerve and runs deep in the forearm along with the anterior interosseous artery. It innervates three muscles in the forearm; an isolated palsy of these muscles is known as AIN Syndrome. There are several documented causes of AIN syndrome but its pathophysiology remains unclear. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 48-year old male that presented with right elbow pain and inability to flex his right interphalangeal joint of the thumb and the distal interphalangeal joint of the index finger...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Zhongyu Li, Michael Reynolds, Ellen Satteson, Omar Nazir, James Petit, Beth P Smith
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes following transfer of the supinator motor branch of the radial nerve (SMB) to the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) and the pronator teres motor branch of median (PTMB) to the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) in patients with lower brachial plexus injuries. METHODS: Since December 2010, 4 patients have undergone combined transfer of the SMB to PIN and PTMB to AIN for lower brachial plexus palsies. The study was prospectively designed, and the patients were followed for 4 years to monitor their functional improvement...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ajeesh Sankaran, Ankit Thora, Sumit Arora, Anil Dhal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome after single tendon transfer of the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) to the digital extensors for high radial nerve palsy. METHODS: Records of 10 patients aged 16 to 43 (median, 27) years who underwent single tendon transfer of the FCU to the digital extensors for high radial nerve palsy secondary to closed (n=4) or open (n=4) diaphyseal humeral fractures or deltoid injection (n=2) were reviewed. Two of the patients with open fractures also underwent treatment for non-union in a staged manner...
December 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Ursina Bichsel, Richard Walter Nyffeler
Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis is a widely used procedure for the treatment of fractures of the femur and the tibia. For a short time it is also used for the treatment of humeral shaft fractures. Among other advantages, the ambassadors of this technique emphasize the lower risk of nerve injuries when compared to open reduction and internal fixation. We report the case of secondary radial nerve palsy caused by percutaneous fixation of a plate above the antecubital fold. The nerve did not recover and the patient needed a tendon transfer to regain active extension of the fingers...
2015: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Jayme Augusto Bertelli, Marcos Flávio Ghizoni
OBJECT Results of radial nerve grafting are largely unknown for lesions of the radial nerve that occur proximal to the humerus, including those within the posterior cord. METHODS The authors describe 13 patients with proximal radial nerve injuries who were surgically treated and then followed for at least 24 months. The patients' average age was 26 years and the average time between accident and surgery was 6 months. Sural nerve graft length averaged 12 cm. Recovery was scored according to the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) scale, which ranges from M0 to M5 (normal muscle strength)...
January 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Jean Peck, Jennie Ollason
Individuals who sustain damage to the radial nerve experience a significant loss in functional use of the hand. Traditional orthoses have been effective in providing assistance with wrist stabilization and finger/thumb MP extension. These authors adapted a low profile orthosis to provide the necessary support while allowing radial and ulnar deviation of the wrist, thus increasing functional use of the hand.--Victoria Priganc, PhD, OTR, CHT, CLT, Practice Forum Editor.
October 2015: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Jayme Augusto Bertelli
PURPOSE: To report our experiences reconstructing thumb and finger flexion in patients with extensive palsy of the upper limb by transferring the radial nerve branch to the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) to the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN). METHODS: Within 8 months after injury, 4 patients with either a combined high median/ulnar nerve palsy or C7-T1 brachial plexus root avulsion underwent surgical reconstruction for thumb and finger flexion. As part of the reconstructive procedure, the branch of the radial nerve to the ECRB was transferred to the AIN...
February 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Syed Mujahid Humail, Mustaff K K Ghulam, Itaat Hussain Zaidi
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes of wide resection and reconstruction of the distal radius with non-vascularised autogenous fibular grafts for giant cell tumour (GCT) of bone. METHODS: Medical records of 7 men and 5 women aged 22 to 47 (mean, 31) years who underwent wide resection of the distal radius and reconstruction with non-vascularised autogenous fibular grafts for GCT of bone were reviewed. The mean length of the resected radius was 9 (range, 7-11) cm. The ipsilateral proximal fibula with a small portion of attached ligament was harvested...
December 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Masoud Yavari, Hossein Ali Abdolrazaghi, Azadeh Riahi
BACKGROUND: Lesions in peripheral nerves are highly prevalent in the upper extremity. The present study compares different tendon transfer surgeries in patients with radial nerve palsy. METHODS: Fifty patients with radial nerve palsy were randomly selected among patients who referred to Tehran 15(th) Khordad Hospital during 2006-2011. They were divided into two groups of 17 and 33 subjects. Single tendon transfer surgery was performed on 33 and ternary tendon transfer surgery on 17 patients and were compared...
January 2014: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Sandeep Albert, Viswanath Jayashankar, Mohamad Gouse
Scapulothoracic dissociation involves varying degree of discontinuity of the upper extremity from its truncal attachment. An eighteen-year-old male presented to the accident and emergency department following a motor vehicle accident where he was hit by a four wheeler while riding a two wheeler. He had tenderness and deformity over the left clavicle and the left humerus. He was unable to perform active wrist and finger dorsiflexion. A CT subsequently revealed a grade 2 splenic laceration. The splenic laceration was treated conservatively...
2014: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Bo Ram Han, Yong Jun Cho, Jin Seo Yang, Suk Hyung Kang, Hyuk Jai Choi
OBJECTIVE: Posture-induced radial neuropathy, known as Saturday night palsy, occurs because of compression of the radial nerve. The clinical symptoms of radial neuropathy are similar to stroke or a herniated cervical disk, which makes it difficult to diagnose and sometimes leads to inappropriate evaluations. The purpose of our study was to establish the clinical characteristics and diagnostic assessment of compressive radial neuropathy. METHODS: Retrospectively, we reviewed neurophysiologic studies on 25 patients diagnosed with radial nerve palsy, who experienced wrist drop after maintaining a certain posture for an extended period...
March 2014: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
A Trimaille, N Kerfant, C Le Rouzic-Dartoy, A Henry, W Hu
OBJECTIVES: Congenital Volkmann ischemic contracture is a rare entity. The neonate presents nerve palsy, cutaneous and muscular necrosis of the forearm. METHODS: We report a case of a newborn who presented with necrotic subcutaneous tissue of the right forearm and absence of active flexion and extension of the wrist and fingers. She was initially treated with debridement of necrotic tissues and orthosis of the wrist. Latissimus dorsi free flap was used for forearm reconstruction at age of 7months...
June 2014: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Adel Ebrahimpour, Shahram Nazerani, Reza Tavakoli Darestani, Salim Khani
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous radial palsy is a not rare finding in hand clinics. The anatomy of the radial nerve renders it prone to pressure paralysis as often called "Saturday night palsy". This problem is a transient nerve lesion and an acute one but the case presented here is very unusual in that it seems this entity can also occur as an acute on chronic situation with neuroma formation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61 year-old man presented with the chief complaint of inability to extend the wrist and the fingers of the left hand which began suddenly the night before admission, following a three-week history of pain, numbness and tingling sensation of the affected extremity...
September 2013: Trauma Monthly
T Pillukat, B Blanarsch, M Schädel-Höpfner, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVES: Restoration of extension in the metacarpophalangeal joints of the fingers as well as in the interphalangeal joint of the thumb by transfer of the superficial flexor tendons of the long and ring fingers (flexor digitorum superficialis III and IV). INDICATIONS: The indications for surgery are substantial loss and palsy of muscles innervated by the radial nerve and its roots. CONTRAINDICATIONS: The procedure is contraindicated by reversible radial palsy, palsy or substantial loss of flexors, limited passive mobility due to contracture, ankylosis or instability of the affected joints, instability of the wrist joint, palsy of the wrist flexors, ankylosis of the wrist joint in an unfavorable position, adhesions of flexor or extensor tendons, insufficient soft tissue coverage or soft tissue defects and passage of transposed tendons through scarred tissue...
August 2013: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Kristen M Davidge, Andrew Yee, Lorna C Kahn, Susan E Mackinnon
Radial nerve injury results in loss of wrist, finger, and thumb extension. Traditionally, radial nerve palsies that fail to recover spontaneously have been reconstructed with tendon transfers or nerve grafts. Nerve transfers are a novel approach to the surgical management of Sunderland grade IV and V radial nerve injuries. We describe our technique for median to radial nerve transfers. In this procedure, the flexor digitorum superficialis nerve is transferred to the extensor carpi radialis brevis nerve for wrist extension, and the flexor carpi radialis nerve is transferred to the posterior interosseous nerve for finger and thumb extension...
September 2013: Journal of Hand Surgery
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