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Melanie J Ludlow, Hannah J Gaunt, Hussein N Rubaiy, Katie E Musialowski, Nicola M Blythe, Naveen S Vasudev, Katsuhiko Muraki, David J Beech
(-)-Englerin A ((-)-EA) has a rapid and potent cytotoxic effect on several types of cancer cell that is mediated by plasma membrane ion channels containing Transient Receptor Potential Canonical 4 protein (TRPC4). Since these channels are Ca2+ permeable it was initially thought that the cytotoxicity arose as a consequence of Ca2+ overload. Here we show that this is not the case and that the effect of (-)-EA is mediated by a heteromer of TRPC4 and TRPC1 proteins. Both TRPC4 and TRPC1 were required for (-)-EA cytotoxicity, however, although TRPC4 was necessary for the (-)-EA-evoked Ca2+-elevation, TRPC1 was not...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ai-Jun Ding, Gui-Sheng Wu, Bin Tang, Xuechuan Hong, Michael X Zhu, Huai-Rong Luo
With the growth of aging population, there is increasing demand to develop strategy to improve the aging process and aging-related diseases. Benzimidazole and its derivatives are crucial heterocyclic backbone of many drugs and compounds with diverse therapeutic applications, including alleviation of aging-related diseases. Here, we investigate if the benzimidazole derivative n-butyl-[1H]-benzimidazol-2-amine (M084), a novel inhibitor of TRPC4 and TRPC5 channels and antidepressant, could affect the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans (C...
November 16, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Zili Zhang, Jian Wang, Jianxing He, Xiansheng Zeng, Xindong Chen, Mingmei Xiong, Qipeng Zhou, Meihua Guo, Defu Li, Wenju Lu
OBJECTIVE: Store operated calcium channels (SOCCs) and Receptor-operated calcium channels (ROCCs) are important pathways participating in regulation of intracellular Ca(2 +) concentration in various cell types. The purpose of our study is to determine whether genetic variations in key components of SOCCs and ROCCs are associated with lung cancer risk. METHODS: We identified 236 tagSNPs in 9 key genes related to SOCCs and ROCCs (TRPC1, TRPC3, TRPC4, TRPC6, TRPC7, ORAI1, ORAI2, STIM1, and STIM2) and evaluated their association with lung cancer risk in a two-stage case-control study with a total of 2433 lung cancer cases and 2433 cancer-free controls using Illumina high throughput genotyping platform...
September 2016: Meta Gene
Kevin J Morine, Vikram Paruchuri, Xiaoying Qiao, Mark Aronovitz, Gordon S Huggins, David DeNofrio, Michael S Kiernan, Richard H Karas, Navin K Kapur
INTRODUCTION: Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are broadly expressed cation channels that mediate diverse physiological stimuli and include canonical (TRPC), melastatin (TRPM), and vanilloid (TRPV) subtypes. Recent studies have implicated a role for TRPC6 channels as an important component of signaling via the cytokine, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) in right (RV) or left ventricular (LV) failure. Endoglin (Eng) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that promotes TRPC6 expression and TGFβ1 activity...
August 21, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Gui-Lan Chen, Hongni Jiang, Fangdong Zou
BACKGROUND Septic shock is a pathologic condition caused by endotoxin-producing bacteria, and often associated with severe pulmonary hypertension. Inflammation is a major systemic response to endotoxin; however, it is unknown whether endotoxin has a direct impact on pulmonary arteries that contributes to pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rat pulmonary arteries and primary pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were cultured in vitro and treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and blockers of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Hong-Ni Jiang, Bo Zeng, Gui-Lan Chen, Bin Lai, Shao-Hua Lu, Jie-Ming Qu
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) are critical pathogenic factors in sepsis-induced pulmonary hypertension; however it is unknown whether they have a coordinated action in the pathogenesis of this disease. Here we found that although LPS did not change the contractility of rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in response to ET-1, it significantly promoted ET-1-induced PASMC proliferation. Measurement of ET-1-evoked Ca(2+) transients in PASMCs showed that LPS dramatically enhanced Ca(2+) influx mediated by transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Chun Zhou, Mary I Townsley, Mikhail Alexeyev, Norbert F Voelkel, Troy Stevens
Here, we tested the hypothesis that animals with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) display increased sensitivity to vascular permeability induced by activation of store-operated calcium entry. To test this hypothesis, wild-type and transient receptor potential channel 4 (TRPC4) knockout Fischer 344 rats were given a single injection of Semaxanib (SU5416; 20 mg/kg) followed by 3 wk of exposure to hypoxia (10% oxygen) and a return to normoxia (21% oxygen) for an additional 2-3 wk. This Semaxanib/hypoxia/normoxia (i...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Hannah J Gaunt, Naveen S Vasudev, David J Beech
Novel approaches towards cancer therapy are urgently needed. One approach might be to target ion channels mediating Ca(2+) entry because of the critical roles played by Ca(2+) in many cell types, including cancer cells. There are several types of these ion channels, but here we address those formed by assembly of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) proteins, particularly those which involve two closely related members of the family: TRPC4 and TRPC5. We focus on these proteins because recent studies point to roles in important aspects of cancer: drug resistance, transmission of drug resistance through extracellular vesicles, tumour vascularisation, and evoked cancer cell death by the TRPC4/5 channel activator (-)-englerin A...
June 11, 2016: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
Caoimhin S Griffin, Eamonn Bradley, Srikanth Dudem, Mark A Hollywood, Noel G McHale, Keith D Thornbury, Gerard P Sergeant
PURPOSE: Muscarinic receptor mediated contractions of the detrusor rely on Ca(2+) influx through voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels but to our knowledge the mechanism linking stimulation of M3Rs to the activation of voltage dependent Ca(2+) channels has not been established. TRPC4 channels are receptor operated cation channels that couple muscarinic receptor activation to depolarization of intestinal smooth muscle cells, voltage-activated Ca(2+) influx and contraction. We investigated whether TRPC4 channels are involved in cholinergic mediated contractions of the detrusor...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Urology
Jinsung Kim, Sang Hui Moon, Young-Cheul Shin, Ju-Hong Jeon, Kyu Joo Park, Kyu Pil Lee, Insuk So
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Jongyun Myeong, Juyeon Ko, Chansik Hong, Dongki Yang, Kyu Pil Lee, Ju-Hong Jeon, Insuk So
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) family contains a non-selective cation channel, and four TRPC subunits form a functional tetrameric channel. TRPC4/5 channels form not only the homotetrameric channel but also a heterotetrameric channel with TRPC1. We investigated the interaction domain required for TRPC1/4 or TRPC1/5 heteromultimeric channels using FRET and the patch-clamp technique. TRPC1 only localized at the plasma membrane (PM) when it was coexpressed with TRPC4 or TRPC5. The TRPC1/4 or TRPC1/5 heteromultimeric showed the typical outward rectifying I/V curve...
June 3, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jessica Sabourin, Fiona Bartoli, Fabrice Antigny, Ana Maria Gomez, Jean-Pierre Benitah
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) has emerged as an important mechanism in cardiac pathology. However, the signals that up-regulate SOCE in the heart remain unexplored. Clinical trials have emphasized the beneficial role of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) signaling blockade in heart failure and associated arrhythmias. Accumulated evidence suggests that the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone, through activation of its receptor, MR, might be a key regulator of Ca(2+) influx in cardiomyocytes. We thus assessed whether and how SOCE involving transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) and Orai1 channels are regulated by aldosterone/MR in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik, Teilah Huth, Anu Chacko, Samantha Johnston, Pete Smith, Donald Staines
AIM: The aim of this paper was to determine natural killer (NK) cytotoxic activity and if single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and genotypes in transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels and acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) were present in isolated NK cells from previously identified myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)/chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 39 ME/CFS patients (51.69±2 years old) and 30 unfatigued controls (47...
2016: Application of Clinical Genetics
Michael Francis, Ningyong Xu, Chun Zhou, Troy Stevens
The canonical transient receptor potential channel 4 (TRPC4) comprises an endothelial store-operated Ca(2+) entry channel, and TRPC4 inactivation confers a survival benefit in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Endothelial Ca(2+) signals mediated by TRPC4 enhance vascular permeability in vitro, but the contribution of TRPC4-dependent Ca(2+) signals to the regulation of endothelial permeability in PAH is poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that TRPC4 increases vascular permeability and alters the frequency of endothelial Ca(2+) transients in PAH...
June 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Wen Qin, Wei Xie, Ning Xia, Qinglin He, Tianwei Sun
BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential channel 4 (TRPC4) plays central roles in endothelial cell function. The aim of this study was to investigate the silencing effects of TRPC4 on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced angiogenesis in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs), as well as the underlying molecular mechanism involved in this process. MATERIAL/METHODS: HCAECs were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TRPC4 (TRPC4-siRNA) or with a negative control (NC)-siRNA...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
William D Klipec, Kristin R Burrow, Casey O'Neill, Jun-Li Cao, Chloe R Lawyer, Eric Ostertag, Melissa Fowler, Ryan K Bachtell, Kurt R Illig, Donald C Cooper
Among the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels, the TRPC4 non-selective cation channel is one of the most abundantly expressed subtypes within mammalian corticolimbic brain regions, but its functional and behavioral role is unknown. To identify a function for TRPC4 channels we compared the performance of rats with a genetic knockout of the trpc4 gene (trpc4 KO) to wild-type (WT) controls on the acquisition of simple and complex learning for natural rewards, and on cocaine self-administration (SA)...
June 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Jae-Pyo Jeon, Dhananjay P Thakur, Jin-Bin Tian, Insuk So, Michael X Zhu
Transient receptor potential canonical 4 (TRPC4) forms non-selective cation channels implicated in the regulation of diverse physiological functions. Previously, TRPC4 was shown to be activated by the Gi/o subgroup of heterotrimeric G-proteins involving Gαi/o, rather than Gβγ, subunits. Because the lifetime and availability of Gα-GTP are regulated by regulators of G-protein signalling (RGS) and Gαi/o-Loco (GoLoco) domain-containing proteins via their GTPase-activating protein (GAP) and guanine-nucleotide-dissociation inhibitor (GDI) functions respectively, we tested how RGS and GoLoco domain proteins affect TRPC4 currents activated via Gi/o-coupled receptors...
May 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Marie-Aimée Perrouin Verbe, Franck Bruyere, Francois Rozet, Christophe Vandier, Gaelle Fromont
In vitro studies in prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines have suggested a key and complex role of the store-operated channels (SOCs) in major cancer hallmarks, including proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. In the present study, we investigated in vivo the expression of the SOC components transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) 1, TRPC4, Orai1, and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), during all stages of PCa progression, and evaluated their prognostic impact in clinically localized cancer (CLC). The expressions of TRPC1, TRPC4, Orai1, STIM1, and the androgen receptor and the proliferation marker Ki-67 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays containing samples of normal prostate tissues (n=91), prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (n=61), CLC surgically treated (n=238), and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC; n=45)...
March 2016: Human Pathology
Dhananjay P Thakur, Jin-bin Tian, Jaepyo Jeon, Jian Xiong, Yu Huang, Veit Flockerzi, Michael X Zhu
Transient Receptor Potential Canonical (TRPC) proteins form nonselective cation channels commonly known to be activated downstream from receptors that signal through phospholipase C (PLC). Although TRPC3/C6/C7 can be directly activated by diacylglycerols produced by PLC breakdown of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), the mechanism by which the PLC pathway activates TRPC4/C5 remains unclear. We show here that TRPC4 activation requires coincident stimulation of Gi/o subgroup of G proteins and PLCδ, with a preference for PLCδ1 over PLCδ3, but not necessarily the PLCβ pathway commonly thought to be involved in receptor-operated TRPC activation...
January 26, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yu Rang Park, Jung Nyeo Chun, Insuk So, Hwa Jung Kim, Seunghee Baek, Ju-Hong Jeon, Soo-Yong Shin
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence has suggested that transient receptor potential (TRP) channels play a crucial role in tumor biology. However, clinical relevance and significance of TRP channels in cancer remain largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied a data-driven approach to dissect the expression landscape of 27 TRP channel genes in 14 types of human cancer using International Cancer Genome Consortium data. RESULTS: TRPM2 was found overexpressed in most tumors, whereas TRPM3 was broadly down-regulated...
January 2016: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
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