Read by QxMD icon Read


Christine Gebhardt, Oliver von Bohlen Und Halbach, Michael D Hadler, Christian Harteneck, Doris Albrecht
Recently we have shown that capsaicin attenuates the strength of LTP in the lateral amygdala (LA) and demonstrated that this effect is mediated by the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPV1. Here we further show that capsaicin, which is thought to act primarily through TRPV1, modifies long term depression (LTD) in the LA. Yet the application of various TRPV1 antagonists does not reverse this effect and it remains in TRPV1-deficient mice. In addition, voltage gated calcium channels, nitric oxide and CB1 receptors are not involved...
September 12, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
On-Chai Lau, Bing Shen, Ching-On Wong, Yung-Wui Tjong, Chun-Yin Lo, Hui-Chuan Wang, Yu Huang, Wing-Ho Yung, Yang-Chao Chen, Man-Lung Fung, John Anthony Rudd, Xiaoqiang Yao
Blood pressure is maintained within a normal physiological range by a sophisticated regulatory mechanism. Baroreceptors serve as a frontline sensor to detect the change in blood pressure. Nerve signals are then sent to the cardiovascular control centre in the brain in order to stimulate baroreflex responses. Here, we identify TRPC5 channels as a mechanical sensor in aortic baroreceptors. In Trpc5 knockout mice, the pressure-induced action potential firings in the afferent nerve and the baroreflex-mediated heart rate reduction are attenuated...
July 14, 2016: Nature Communications
Ahmed F Abdel-Magid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Hannah J Gaunt, Naveen S Vasudev, David J Beech
Novel approaches towards cancer therapy are urgently needed. One approach might be to target ion channels mediating Ca(2+) entry because of the critical roles played by Ca(2+) in many cell types, including cancer cells. There are several types of these ion channels, but here we address those formed by assembly of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) proteins, particularly those which involve two closely related members of the family: TRPC4 and TRPC5. We focus on these proteins because recent studies point to roles in important aspects of cancer: drug resistance, transmission of drug resistance through extracellular vesicles, tumour vascularisation, and evoked cancer cell death by the TRPC4/5 channel activator (-)-englerin A...
June 11, 2016: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
Xudong Wu, Artur A Indzhykulian, Paul D Niksch, Roxanna M Webber, Miguel Garcia-Gonzalez, Terry Watnick, Jing Zhou, Melissa A Vollrath, David P Corey
Members of the TRP superfamily of ion channels mediate mechanosensation in some organisms, and have been suggested as candidates for the mechanotransduction channel in vertebrate hair cells. Some TRP channels can be ruled out based on lack of an inner ear phenotype in knockout animals or pore properties not similar to the hair-cell channel. Such studies have excluded Trpv4, Trpa1, Trpml3, Trpm1, Trpm3, Trpc1, Trpc3, Trpc5, and Trpc6. However, others remain reasonable candidates. We used data from an RNA-seq analysis of gene expression in hair cells as well as data on TRP channel conductance to narrow the candidate group...
2016: PloS One
Khadija M Alawi, Fiona A Russell, Aisah A Aubdool, Salil Srivastava, Yanira Riffo-Vasquez, Lineu Baldissera, Pratish Thakore, Nurjahan Saleque, Elizabeth S Fernandes, David A Walsh, Susan D Brain
OBJECTIVE: Transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5) is functionally expressed on a range of cells including fibroblast-like synoviocytes, which play an important role in arthritis. A role for TRPC5 in inflammation has not been previously shown in vivo. We investigated the contribution of TRPC5 in arthritis. METHODS: Male wild-type and TRPC5 knockout (KO) mice were used in a complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced unilateral arthritis model, assessed over 14 days...
May 10, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Jongyun Myeong, Juyeon Ko, Chansik Hong, Dongki Yang, Kyu Pil Lee, Ju-Hong Jeon, Insuk So
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) family contains a non-selective cation channel, and four TRPC subunits form a functional tetrameric channel. TRPC4/5 channels form not only the homotetrameric channel but also a heterotetrameric channel with TRPC1. We investigated the interaction domain required for TRPC1/4 or TRPC1/5 heteromultimeric channels using FRET and the patch-clamp technique. TRPC1 only localized at the plasma membrane (PM) when it was coexpressed with TRPC4 or TRPC5. The TRPC1/4 or TRPC1/5 heteromultimeric showed the typical outward rectifying I/V curve...
June 3, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jessica Sabourin, Fiona Bartoli, Fabrice Antigny, Ana Maria Gomez, Jean-Pierre Benitah
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) has emerged as an important mechanism in cardiac pathology. However, the signals that up-regulate SOCE in the heart remain unexplored. Clinical trials have emphasized the beneficial role of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) signaling blockade in heart failure and associated arrhythmias. Accumulated evidence suggests that the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone, through activation of its receptor, MR, might be a key regulator of Ca(2+) influx in cardiomyocytes. We thus assessed whether and how SOCE involving transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) and Orai1 channels are regulated by aldosterone/MR in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Nozomi Ogawa, Tatsuki Kurokawa, Yasuo Mori
Cellular redox status is maintained by the balance between series of antioxidant systems and production of reactive oxygen/nitrogenous species. Cells utilize this redox balance to mediate diverse physiological functions. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are non-selective cation channels that act as biosensors for environmental and noxious stimuli, such as capsaicin and allicin, as well as changes in temperature and conditions inside the cell. TRP channels also have an emerging role as essential players in detecting cellular redox status to regulate cellular signals mediating physiological phenomena...
August 2016: Cell Calcium
Dhananjay P Thakur, Jin-bin Tian, Jaepyo Jeon, Jian Xiong, Yu Huang, Veit Flockerzi, Michael X Zhu
Transient Receptor Potential Canonical (TRPC) proteins form nonselective cation channels commonly known to be activated downstream from receptors that signal through phospholipase C (PLC). Although TRPC3/C6/C7 can be directly activated by diacylglycerols produced by PLC breakdown of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), the mechanism by which the PLC pathway activates TRPC4/C5 remains unclear. We show here that TRPC4 activation requires coincident stimulation of Gi/o subgroup of G proteins and PLCδ, with a preference for PLCδ1 over PLCδ3, but not necessarily the PLCβ pathway commonly thought to be involved in receptor-operated TRPC activation...
January 26, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Dong-xu He, Xin Ma
The transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily contains at least 28 homologs in mammalian. These proteins form TRP channels are permeable to monovalent and divalent cations and participate in a variety of physiological functions. Dysregulation of TRP channels is responsible for numerous diseases. This review provides a brief short overview of mammalian TRP channels with a focus on TRPC5 and its role in cancers. Dysregulation of TRPC5 interrupts Ca(2+) homeostasis in cancer cells, which activates signaling pathways that are highly associated with cancer progression, especially cancer chemoresistance...
January 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Jinsung Kim, Sang Hui Moon, Young-Cheul Shin, Ju-Hong Jeon, Kyu Joo Park, Kyu Pil Lee, Insuk So
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) 4 channels are calcium-permeable, nonselective cation channels and are widely expressed in mammalian tissue, especially in the GI tract and brain. TRPC4 channels are known to be involved in neurogenic contraction of ileal smooth muscle cells via generating cationic current after muscarinic stimulation (muscarinic cationic current (mIcat)). Polyamines exist in numerous tissues and are believed to be involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, scar formation, wound healing, and carcinogenesis...
April 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Jacqueline Naylor, Aisling Minard, Hannah J Gaunt, Mohamed S Amer, Lesley A Wilson, Marco Migliore, Sin Y Cheung, Hussein N Rubaiy, Nicola M Blythe, Katie E Musialowski, Melanie J Ludlow, William D Evans, Ben L Green, Hongjun Yang, Yun You, Jing Li, Colin W G Fishwick, Katsuhiko Muraki, David J Beech, Robin S Bon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The TRPC5 proteins assemble to create calcium-permeable, non-selective, cationic channels. We sought novel modulators of these channels through studies of natural products. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Intracellular calcium measurements and patch clamp recordings were made from cell lines. Compounds were generated by synthetic chemistry. KEY RESULTS: Through a screen of natural products used in traditional Chinese medicines, the flavonol galangin was identified as an inhibitor of lanthanide-evoked calcium entry in TRPC5 overexpressing HEK 293 cells (IC50 0...
February 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Gusheng Wu, Zi-Hua Lu, Sabine André, Hans-Joachim Gabius, Robert W Ledeen
Axon-like neuritogenesis in neuroblastoma (NG108-15) cells and primary cerebellar granular neurons is furthered by the presence of ganglioside GM1. We describe here that galectin-1 (Gal-1), a homobivalent endogenous lectin, is an effector by cross-linking the ganglioside and its associated glycoprotein α5 β1 -integrin. The thereby triggered signaling cascade involves autophosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and activation of phospholipase Cγ and phosphoinositide-3 kinase. This leads to a transient increase in the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration by opening of TRPC5 channels, which belong to the signal transduction-gated cation channels...
February 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Jane E Sexton, Terri Desmonds, Kathryn Quick, Ruth Taylor, Joel Abramowitz, Andy Forge, Corné J Kros, Lutz Birnbaumer, John N Wood
Transient receptor potential channels have diverse roles in mechanosensation. Evidence is accumulating that members of the canonical subfamily of TRP channels (TRPC) are involved in touch and hearing. Characteristic features of TRP channels include their high structural homology and their propensity to form heteromeric complexes which suggests potential functional redundancy. We previously showed that TRPC3 and TRPC6 double knockout animals have deficits in light touch and hearing whilst single knockouts were apparently normal...
January 1, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Nicolas Wieder, Anna Greka
With more than 6,000 new pediatric patients with treatment-resistant nephrotic syndrome in the US each year alone, the unmet need for novel, podocyte-specific therapies is substantial. Recently, the established therapeutic benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) was used as a starting point to gain insight into the pathomechanism of primary podocytopathies. A calcium (Ca(2+))-mediated pathway has been identified that connects the angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) to podocyte cytoskeletal dynamics, essential for a functioning glomerular filtration barrier...
July 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Mustafa Nazıroğlu, Arif Demirdaş
Psychiatric and neurological disorders are mostly associated with the changes in neural calcium ion signaling pathways required for activity-triggered cellular events. One calcium channel family is the TRP cation channel family, which contains seven subfamilies. Results of recent papers have discovered that calcium ion influx through TRP channels is important. We discuss the latest advances in calcium ion influx through TRP channels in the etiology of psychiatric disorders. Activation of TRPC4, TRPC5, and TRPV1 cation channels in the etiology of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, fear-associated responses, and depression modulate calcium ion influx...
2015: Current Neuropharmacology
A H Klein, Minh Trannyguen, Christopher L Joe, Carstens M Iodi, E Carstens
INTRODUCTION: The present paper summarizes research using animal models to investigate the roles of thermosensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in somatosensory functions including touch, temperature and pain. We present new data assessing the effects of eugenol and carvacrol, agonists of the warmth-sensitive TRPV3, on thermal, mechanical and pain sensitivity in rats. METHODS: Thermal sensitivity was assessed using a thermal preference test, which measured the amount of time the animal occupied one of two adjacent thermoelectric plates set at different temperatures...
August 2015: Chemosensory Perception
Li-Ping Yang, Fang-Jie Jiang, Gui-Sheng Wu, Ke Deng, Meng Wen, Xiaoju Zhou, Xuechuan Hong, Michael X Zhu, Huai-Rong Luo
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels are widely expressed in brain and involved in various aspects of brain function. Both TRPC4 and TRPC5 have been implicated in innate fear function, which represents a key response to environmental stress. However, to what extent the TRPC4/C5 channels are involved in psychiatric disorders remains unexplored. Here, we tested the antidepressant and anxiolytic-like effects of a newly identified TRPC4/C5 inhibitor, M084. We show that a single intraperitoneal administration of M084 at 10 mg/kg body weight to C57BL/6 male mice significantly shortened the immobility time in forced swim test and tail suspension test within as short as 2 hours...
2015: PloS One
Omer Revah, Lior Libman, Ilya A Fleidervish, Michael J Gutnick
In whole-cell patch clamp recordings from layer 5 neocortical neurons, blockade of voltage gated sodium and calcium channels leaves a cesium current that is outward rectifying. This current was originally identified as a "non-specific cationic current", and subsequently it was hypothesized that it is mediated by TRP channels. In order to test this hypothesis, we used fluorescence imaging of intracellular sodium and calcium indicators, and found no evidence to suggest that it is associated with influx of either of these ions to the cell body or dendrites...
2015: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"