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Antibiotic Dentistry

Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Yee Chen Wong, Mandakini Mohan, Allan Pau
CONTEXT: To investigate the antibiotic prescribing training received by dental students, clinical experience in treating child patients, awareness of antibiotic prescribing guidelines, preparedness in antibiotic prescribing, and compliance with antibiotic prescribing guidelines for the management of dental infections in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving final year dentals students from Malaysian and Asian dental schools. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of five clinical case scenarios was e-mailed to all final year students at selected dental schools...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Daniel M Meyer, Linda M Kaste, Kathy M Lituri, Scott Tomar, Christopher H Fox, Poul Erik Petersen
This article provides an example of interprofessional collaboration for policy development regarding environmental global health vis-à-vis the Minamata Convention on Mercury. It presents an overview of mercury and mercury-related environmental health issues; public policy processes and stakeholders; and specifics including organized dentistry's efforts to create global policy to restrict environmental contamination by mercury. Dentistry must participate in interprofessional collaborations and build on such experiences to be optimally placed for ongoing interprofessional policy development...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
Elif Yıldızer Keriş, Didem Atabek, Kahraman Güngör
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effects of fixed and removable space-maintainers on halitosis and oral health of children. METHODS: Forty-three patients randomly selected between the ages 4-10 whom fixed or removable space maintainers were indicated in Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics. The inclusing criteria were: caries-free (with/without restorations), with absence of periodontal diseases, without systematic disease, no mouth breathing and no use of antibiotics the 2-months period before the study...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Leron Khalifa, Mor Shlezinger, Shaul Beyth, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Nurit Beyth, Ronen Hazan
Antibiotic resistance is an ever-growing problem faced by all major sectors of health care, including dentistry. Recurrent infections related to multidrug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in hospitals are untreatable and question the effectiveness of notable drugs. Two major reasons for these recurrent infections are acquired antibiotic resistance genes and biofilm formation. None of the traditionally known effective techniques have been able to efficiently resolve these issues...
2016: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ghada Asmar, Dominique Cochelard, Jacques Mokhbat, Mohamed Lemdani, Ahmed Haddadi, Fouad Ayoubz
INTRODUCTION: General dentists issue approximately 10% of antibiotic prescriptions across the global medical community consummation. The use of antibiotics for the management of dentoalveolar infections should be considered only in the presence of an increased risk of a systemic involvement or to prevent metastatic infections. This study aimed to investigate the prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotic prescription patterns of Lebanese dentists for the management of dentoalveolar abscesses...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
M Roncati, D Lauritano, F Cura, F Carinci
Since the laser and photomodulation were discovered over 50 years, they have been used for many applications in medicine and in dentistry also. In particular, light-emitting diodes therapy (LT) achieved a great success in medical treatment and photo-therapy. In the decades, LT has been used for several therapeutic purposes. Many beneficial effects have been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo, including antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor, cell differentiation, immune potentiating and tissue repair activities...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Keisuke Nakamura, Midori Shirato, Taro Kanno, Ulf Örtengren, Peter Lingström, Yoshimi Niwano
Prevention of dental caries with maximum conservation of intact tooth substance remains a challenge in dentistry. The present study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of H2O2 photolysis on Streptococcus mutans biofilm, which may be a novel antimicrobial chemotherapy for treating caries. S. mutans biofilm was grown on disk-shaped hydroxyapatite specimens. After 1-24 h of incubation, growth was assessed by confocal laser scanning microscopy and viable bacterial counting. Resistance to antibiotics (amoxicillin and erythromycin) was evaluated by comparing bactericidal effects on the biofilm with those on planktonic bacteria...
October 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Marie T Fluent, Peter L Jacobsen, Lauri A Hicks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Esam Halboub, Abdulaziz Alzaili, Mir Faeq Ali Quadri, Mohammed Al-Haroni, Mohammad Ibrahim Al-Obaida, Nezar Noor Al-Hebshi
AIM: Dentists are probably contributing to the development of bacterial resistance to certain antibiotics. Campaigns to promote prudent use of antibiotics in dentistry are, thus, needed but require proper identification of dentists' knowledge gaps. The objective here was to comprehensively evaluate antibiotic prescription knowledge of dentists in Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A link to an online, previously validated questionnaire was emailed to 5199 dentists registered with the Saudi Dental Society...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Maha H Daou, Ece Eden, Nada El Osta
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry have recommended that the child's first dental visit should be during the child's first year of life for dental disease prevention and to decrease the invasive restorative interventions. In Lebanon, no study has been conducted to determine the age and the reasons of the first dental visit of children and who requested the first dental screening. OBJECTIVES: To assess at what age occurred the first dental visit in a group of Lebanese children visiting a private pediatric dental clinic and to explore the reasons for their first dental consultation...
January 2016: Le Journal Médical Libanais. the Lebanese Medical Journal
Marta Wróblewska, Izabela Strużycka, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska
In the past decades significant scientific progress has taken place in the knowledge about biofilms. They constitute multilayer conglomerates of bacteria and fungi, surrounded by carbohydrates which they produce, as well as substances derived from saliva and gingival fluid. Modern techniques showed significant diversity of the biofilm environment and a system of microbial communication (quorum sensing), enhancing their survival. At present it is believed that the majority of infections, particularly chronic with exacerbations, are a result of biofilm formation, particularly in the presence of biomaterials...
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Curtis J Holmes, Robert Pellecchia
This article focuses on the diagnosis and management of odontogenic infections. Current antibiotic regimens are reviewed and discussed including use of alternative antibiotics with patients known to have a penicillin allergy. Emphasis is made on proper examination of the patient with use of diagnostic aids to provide the correct treatment of choice.
April 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
D Hysi, O O Kuscu, E Droboniku, C Toti, L Xhemnica, E Caglar
AIM: Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) describes the clinical appearance of enamel hypomineralisation of systemic origin affecting one or more permanent first molars (PFMs) that are frequently associated with affected incisors. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and aetiology of MIH in children living in Tirana, Albania. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x3e3f7a0) DESIGN: The study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, and Tirana Dental Public Health Service...
March 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Marina Perić, Ivana Perković, Martina Romić, Paris Simeon, Jurica Matijević, Goranka Prpić Mehičić, Silvana Jukić Krmek
BACKGROUND: Bacterial resistance is considered a consequence of misuse or overuse of antibiotics. Dentistry significantly contributes to this increasing public health problem. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the pattern of antibiotics prescribed by Croatian dentists in Zagreb area. METHODS: Out of 220 Doctors of Dental Medicine (DMDs) from Zagreb 110 responded to survey. Prior to the research an ethical approval was obtained. Participants were directly contacted...
June 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Rumana Newlands, Eilidh M Duncan, Maria Prior, Paula Elouafkaoui, Andrew Elders, Linda Young, Jan E Clarkson, Craig R Ramsay
BACKGROUND: General dental practitioners (GDPs) regularly prescribe antibiotics to manage dental infections although most infections can be treated successfully by local measures. Published guidance to support GDPs to make appropriate prescribing decisions exists but there continues to be wide variation in dental antibiotic prescribing. An interview study was conducted as part of the Reducing Antibiotic Prescribing in Dentistry (RAPiD) trial to understand the barriers and facilitators of using local measures instead of prescribing antibiotics to manage bacterial infections...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
João Felipe Bonatto Bruniera, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva-Sousa, Paulo Esteves Pinto Faria
Oral rehabilitation with dental implants has become a routine treatment in contemporary dentistry. The displacement of dental implants into the sinus membrane, a complication related to the maxillary sinus, is one of the most common accidents reported in the literature. The treatment for this complication is the surgical removal of the implant. A 60-year-old woman with three dental implants displaced into the maxillary sinus (one implant displaced into the left maxillary sinus and two implants displaced into the right maxillary sinus) underwent surgery for removal of the implants...
2015: Case Reports in Dentistry
Solmaz Araghi, Rohollah Sharifi, Goran Ahmadi, Mahsa Esfehani, Fatemeh Rezaei
INTRODUCTION: In dentistry, medicine often prescribed to relieve pain and remove infections .Therefore, wrong prescription can lead to a range of problems including lack of pain, antimicrobial treatment failure and the development of resistance to antibiotics. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the aim was to evaluate the common errors in written prescriptions by general dentists in Kermanshah in 2014. Dentists received a questionnaire describing five hypothetical patient and the appropriate prescription for the patient in question was asked...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Eli E Machtei
Peri-implant diseases are becoming a major health issue in dentistry. Despite the magnitude of this problem and the potential grave consequences, commonly acceptable treatment protocols are missing. Hence, the present paper reviews the literature treatment of peri-implantitis in order to explore their benefits and limitations. Treatment of peri-implantitis may include surgical and nonsurgical approaches, either individually or combined. Nonsurgical therapy is aimed at removing local irritants from the implants' surface with or without surface decontamination and possibly some additional adjunctive therapies agents or devices...
2014: Advances in Medicine
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