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Antibiotic Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735914/dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-guidelines-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#1
Abdulrahman AboAlSamh, Abdulmalik Alhussain, Nawaf Alanazi, Rakan Alahmari, Naila Shaheen, Abdallah Adlan
Background: The use of antibiotics prophylactically and therapeutically in dentistry has become common practice. Inappropriate prescription may lead to adverse side effects and bacterial resistance. During clinical training, dental students in Saudi Arabia are authorized to prescribe antibiotics. Aim: To evaluate dental students’ knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic prescription in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a validated questionnaire consisting of 34 questions focusing on antibiotic indications in dentistry, antibiotic regimens, and knowledge regarding resistance was distributed amongst dental students in five leading dental colleges in Riyadh...
May 7, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681899/phenalen-1-one-mediated-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-antimicrobial-efficacy-in-a-periodontal-biofilm-model-and-flow-cytometric-evaluation-of-cytoplasmic-membrane-damage
#2
Fabian Cieplik, Viktoria-Sophia Steinwachs, Denise Muehler, Karl-Anton Hiller, Thomas Thurnheer, Georgios N Belibasakis, Wolfgang Buchalla, Tim Maisch
In light of increasing resistance toward conventional antibiotics and antiseptics, antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) may be a valuable alternative, especially for use in dentistry. In this regard, photosensitizers (PS) based on a phenalen-1-one structure seem to be especially favorable due to their high singlet oxygen quantum yield. However, the actual target structures of phenalen-1-one-mediated aPDT are still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of aPDT mediated by phenalen-1-one derivatives SAPYR and SAGUA for inactivation of a polymicrobial biofilm consisting of three putative periodontal pathogens in vitro and to get first insights in the mechanism of action of phenalen-1-one-mediated aPDT by assessing damage of cytoplasmic membranes...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626362/clinical-outcome-of-dental-procedures-among-renal-transplant-recipients
#3
Rubens Caliento, Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento, Solange Kobayashi-Velasco, Stella Núbia Coelho de Sá, Patrícia Pinheiro Shibutani, Marina Gallotini
AIMS: To compare outcomes of dental procedures among a group of renal transplant recipients who had received antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) before the procedure and another group that had not received AP. METHODS AND RESULTS: The records of all renal transplant patients treated at the Special Care Dentistry Center (SCDC) were assessed. Dental procedures documented in the records were classified as invasive or noninvasive. All dental procedures performed were compiled, and the prescription or nonprescription of prophylactic antibiotics, and the incidence and description of postoperative complications after invasive procedures were recorded...
April 6, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485557/closure-of-oroantral-communication-with-plasma-rich-fibrin-membrane
#4
Umut Demetoglu, Hakan Ocak, Suheyb Bilge
Oroantral communication (OAC) is the opening between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. It may cause oroantral fistula or maxillary sinusitis if left untreated. The surgical closure of the OAC within 48 hours was recommended to avoid the complications like sinus infections. The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment of OACs with plasma-rich fibrin (PRF) which is safe and easy to implement in the OACs.This study was conducted with the patients, who required the treatment of the OAC, which was developed after the posterior maxillary tooth extraction in the Dental and Maxillofacial Department of the Faculty of Dentistry in Adnan Menderes University...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478458/role-of-dentists-in-prescribing-opioid-analgesics-and-antibiotics-an-overview
#5
REVIEW
Ralph Dana, Amir Azarpazhooh, Nima Laghapour, Katie J Suda, Christopher Okunseri
Opioid analgesics and antibiotics prescribed by dentists is a useful and cost-effective measure when prescribed appropriately. Common dental conditions are best managed by extracting the offending tooth, restoring the tooth with an appropriate filling material, performing root canal therapy, and/or fabricating a prosthesis for the edentulous space. Unnecessary prescription of opioid analgesics and antibiotics to treat dental pain and bacterial infection is a growing public health concern. This article highlights the state of the literature on opioid analgesic and antibiotic prescribing practices in dentistry, the impact of opioid analgesic overdose, and prevention strategies to reduce opioid analgesics and antibiotic overprescription...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391605/the-knowledge-mobilisation-challenge-does-producing-evidence-lead-to-its-adoption-within-dentistry
#6
T L Goodwin, P R Brocklehurst, L Williams
The transfer of evidence into clinical practice is the ultimate aim of those engaged in health research. But is this a process that occurs naturally? Can health researchers take it for granted that the evidence they produce will be embraced by clinicians and incorporated into their everyday practice? In this article, we use the example of oral healthcare in dependent older people and the issue of antibiotic prescribing by GDPs to illustrate the fact that successful knowledge transfer between researchers and practitioners cannot be automatically assumed...
March 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385687/assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-human-and-animal-health-students-towards-antibiotic-use-and-resistance-a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-in-the-uk
#7
Oliver James Dyar, Holly Hills, Lara-Turiya Seitz, Alex Perry, Diane Ashiru-Oredope
The Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance highlights the importance of training all healthcare professionals. No study has assessed patterns of students' knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning antibiotic use simultaneously across different healthcare course types. We conducted a cross-sectional multi-center survey among UK students. The survey was advertised through local survey coordinators at 25 universities. The online survey was accessible from 10th October to 17th November 2016 (before European Antibiotic Awareness Day)...
January 30, 2018: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336283/headaches-and-facial-pain-in-rhinology
#8
Asitha D L Jayawardena, Rakesh Chandra
"Sinus headache" is a common chief complaint that often leads patients to an otolaryngologist's office. Because facial pain may or may not be sinogenic in origin, the otolaryngologist should be equipped to evaluate and treat or to appropriately refer these patients. Analysis of current data indicates that the majority of patients who present with sinus headaches actually have migraines. Furthermore, the downstream effect of the cytokine cascade initiated in migraine physiology can cause rhinologic symptoms, including rhinorrhea, congestion, and lacrimation, which may also confound diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#9
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243744/editorial-antibiotics-in-dentistry-be-responsible
#10
EDITORIAL
Monica Prasad Gibson, Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236898/in-vitro-analysis-of-a-local-polymeric-device-as-an-alternative-for-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#11
Talita Girio Carnaval, Flávia Gonçalves, Marcelo Munhóes Romano, Luiz Henrique Catalani, Marcia Alves Pinto Mayer, Victor Elias Arana-Chávez, Alexander Cassandri Nishida, Thais Claudino Lage, Carlos Eduardo Francci, Carlos Alberto Adde
The development of a biodegradable material with antimicrobial properties for local applications is required in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The objective of this study was to produce blends of poly-L-lactide acid (PLLA) synthetic polymer associated with several antimicrobials, as an alternative in the prevention and treatment of infections, as well as to evaluate its cytotoxicity, release of antimicrobials and inhibit bacteria growth. Blends of PLLA added with 20% Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Clindamycin or Azithromicyn were used to produce Films (F) or Meshs (M) by casting and electrospinning methods, respectively...
December 7, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172346/antibiotic-guardians-the-role-of-the-dental-profession
#12
Anwen L Cope, Michael A O Lewis
The increasing emergence of antibiotic resistance is a major international public health problem. As a consequence, it is essential that steps are taken to conserve the effectiveness of existing antimicrobial agents. Consumption of antibiotics is the prime contributor to the development of resistance. General dental practitioners write almost 1 out of 10 prescriptions for antibiotics in primary care within the UK and therefore the prudent prescribing of antibiotics in dentistry has never been more vital. This paper outlines the impact of antimicrobial resistance on modern healthcare, describes the current use of antibiotics in general dental practice, and recommends pragmatic ways in which dental practitioners can evaluate and optimize their prescribing...
April 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155536/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antibiotic-prescribing-in-dental-practice
#13
REVIEW
Nikolaus O A Palmer
The purpose of this paper is to review the principles of antibiotic prescribing in light of the increasing worldwide problem of antimicrobial resistance and the evidence of inappropriate use of antibiotics in dentistry. Guidance on the management of dental infections and antibiotic prophylaxis based on a review of the scientific evidence will be given to ensure good patient care. Clinical relevance: To discuss the relevance of legislation around antimicrobial prescribing and antimicrobial stewardship for dentists...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136646/the-effect-of-interventions-aiming-to-optimise-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-in-dental-care-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Christin Löffler, Femke Böhmer
BACKGROUND: Abundant evidence in dentistry suggests that antibiotics are prescribed despite the existence of guidelines aiming to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance. This review investigated (1) which type of interventions aiming to optimise prescription of antibiotics exist in dentistry, (2) the effect of these interventions and (3) the specific strengths and limitations of the studies reporting on these interventions. METHOD: Literature search was based on Medline, Embase, Global Health, Cochrane CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072427/antibiotic-resistance-and-good-stewardship
#15
George Maranon
This article examines dentistry’s role in managing the antibiotic resistance problem through a more appropriate use of antibiotics.
May 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064220/the-management-of-infections-and-the-use-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-by-dentists-a-review-of-the-evidence
#16
George Maranon
Dentistry plays an important role in managing the antibiotic resistance problem. Guidelines for the use of antibiotics for prevention of endocarditis, prosthetic joint infections and other medical conditions have changed frequently. Unfortunately, the original guidelines and subsequent changes were often made through consensus opinions and not evidence based. Clinical decisions on the use of antibiotics must be made on the basis of the scientific evidence with knowledge of the most current guidelines and indications...
March 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936293/does-the-postoperative-administration-of-antibiotics-reduce-the-symptoms-of-lower-third-molar-removal-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#17
María Martín-Ares, Cristina Barona-Dorado, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, Jorge Cortés-Bretón-Brinkmann, Javier Sanz-Alonso, José-María Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: To date there is little scientific evidence that clarifies the therapeutic effect of antibiotics for managing the postoperative symptoms of impacted third molar surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic treatment for reducing non-infectious clinical symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient data was collected from the patients´ medical records and the results were statistically evaluated with SPSS versión 21.0; SPSS, IBM; Chicago, IL, USA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893540/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-odontogenic-infections-what-is-the-best-choice-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
João Roig Martins, Otacílio Luiz Chagas, Bibiana Dalsasso Velasques, Ângelo Niemczewski Bobrowski, Marcos Britto Correa, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: Odontogenic infections are a common problem in dentistry, and their treatment often requires the use of antibiotics besides the removal of the source of infection, which frequently makes it more difficult for clinicians to make a decision regarding the choice of antibiotic. This study aimed to answer the following questions through the Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format: When should antibiotics be used in dental infections (DIs)? Which are the most effective drugs? How long should antibiotics be administered? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a systematic review using the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases without restriction as to the period researched...
December 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#19
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879623/the-risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-hemorrhage-after-tooth-extraction-a-multi-center-retrospective-study-of-patients-receiving-oral-antithrombotic-therapy
#20
Takumi Hasegawa, Souichi Yanamoto, Akira Tachibana, Yuka Kojima, Yoshito Koyama, Michinori Maeda, Takahide Komori
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the multivariate relationships between specific risk factors and postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction in patients who were prescribed oral antithrombotic therapy. Risk factors for postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Patient characteristics such as age and gender; the presence or absence of known comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cerebral infarction, and alcohol consumption; and perioperative diarrhea were assessed...
December 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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