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Antibiotic Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890003/biofilm-mediated-antibiotic-resistant-oral-bacterial
#1
Indu Lata Kanwar, Abhishek Kumar Sah, Preeti K Suresh
Oral diseases like dental caries and periodontal disease are directly associated with the capability of bacteria to form biofilm. Periodontal diseases have been associated to anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria forming a subgingival plaque (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus, Prevotella and Fusobacterium). Biofilm is a complex bacterial community that is highly resistant to antibiotics and human immunity. Biofilm communities are the causative agents of biological developments such as dental caries, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis, and causing periodontal tissue breakdown...
November 24, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842482/antibiotic-release-from-calcium-phosphate-materials-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects
#2
Angel Manchon, Juan Carlos Prados-Frutos, Carmen Rueda Rodriguez, Carmen Salinas Goodier, Mohammad Hadman Alkhraisat, Rosa Rojo, Arantza Rodriguez Gonzalez, Ana Berlanga, Enrique Lopez Cabarcos
Calcium phosphate materials (CPM) are widely used in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. The presence of microbial biofilms and external infections are responsible for the failure of many procedures of dental implants and bone grafts. In an attempt to reduce the percentage of these infectious processes antibiotics have been associated with CPM improving certain conditions. For instance antibiotics administered orally or intravenously have less effect and the blood flow in relation to this is poor near implants and grafts...
November 14, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829741/antibiotics-in-dental-implants-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Hemchand Surapaneni, Pallavi Samatha Yalamanchili, Md Hafeez Basha, Sushma Potluri, Nirupa Elisetti, M V Kiran Kumar
The routine use of antibiotics in oral implant treatment seems to be widespread. The pre- or post-operative use of antibiotics in conjunction with implant surgery and its correlation with failure and success rates are poorly documented in the literature. The debate regarding overprescription of antibiotics raises the need for a critical evaluation of proper antibiotic coverage in association with implant treatment. The benefits of prophylactic antibiotics are well-recognized in dentistry. However, their routine use in the placement of endosseous dental implants remains controversial...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770768/phage-therapy-a-new-horizon-in-the-antibacterial-treatment-of-oral-pathogens
#4
Mor Shlezinger, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Grégory Resch, Yok-Ai Que, Shaul Beyth, Elisheva Dorfman, Ronen Hazan, Nurit Beyth
Dental diseases are perhaps the most prevalent infection-related diseases in humans. Biofilm is involved in almost every infectious disease compromising oral health, notably caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, endodontic infections and peri-implantitis. Current therapies of biofilm-derived oral infections lack sensitivity; they are not species-specific and kill pathogenic species as well as commensal species, which are protective against the formation of pathogenic biofilms. Moreover, antibiotics have a limited effect on biofilm and are almost unused in oral diseases...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688429/medical-emergencies-in-pediatric-dentistry
#5
REVIEW
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681398/dental-students-compliance-with-antibiotic-prescribing-guidelines-for-dental-infections-in-children
#6
Yee Chen Wong, Mandakini Mohan, Allan Pau
CONTEXT: To investigate the antibiotic prescribing training received by dental students, clinical experience in treating child patients, awareness of antibiotic prescribing guidelines, preparedness in antibiotic prescribing, and compliance with antibiotic prescribing guidelines for the management of dental infections in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving final year dentals students from Malaysian and Asian dental schools. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of five clinical case scenarios was e-mailed to all final year students at selected dental schools...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671962/policy-development-fosters-collaborative-practice-the-example-of-the-minamata-convention-on-mercury
#7
REVIEW
Daniel M Meyer, Linda M Kaste, Kathy M Lituri, Scott Tomar, Christopher H Fox, Poul Erik Petersen
This article provides an example of interprofessional collaboration for policy development regarding environmental global health vis-à-vis the Minamata Convention on Mercury. It presents an overview of mercury and mercury-related environmental health issues; public policy processes and stakeholders; and specifics including organized dentistry's efforts to create global policy to restrict environmental contamination by mercury. Dentistry must participate in interprofessional collaborations and build on such experiences to be optimally placed for ongoing interprofessional policy development...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659503/effects-of-fixed-and-removable-space-maintainers-on-halitosis
#8
Elif Yıldızer Keriş, Didem Atabek, Kahraman Güngör
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effects of fixed and removable space-maintainers on halitosis and oral health of children. METHODS: Forty-three patients randomly selected between the ages 4-10 whom fixed or removable space maintainers were indicated in Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics. The inclusing criteria were: caries-free (with/without restorations), with absence of periodontal diseases, without systematic disease, no mouth breathing and no use of antibiotics the 2-months period before the study...
2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640530/phage-therapy-against-enterococcus-faecalis-in-dental-root-canals
#9
REVIEW
Leron Khalifa, Mor Shlezinger, Shaul Beyth, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Nurit Beyth, Ronen Hazan
Antibiotic resistance is an ever-growing problem faced by all major sectors of health care, including dentistry. Recurrent infections related to multidrug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in hospitals are untreatable and question the effectiveness of notable drugs. Two major reasons for these recurrent infections are acquired antibiotic resistance genes and biofilm formation. None of the traditionally known effective techniques have been able to efficiently resolve these issues...
2016: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617376/dental-pulp-revascularization-of-necrotic-permanent-teeth-with-immature-apices
#10
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484593/prophylactic-and-therapeutic-antibiotic-patterns-of-lebanese-dentists-for-the-management-of-dentoalveolar-abscesses
#11
Ghada Asmar, Dominique Cochelard, Jacques Mokhbat, Mohamed Lemdani, Ahmed Haddadi, Fouad Ayoubz
INTRODUCTION: General dentists issue approximately 10% of antibiotic prescriptions across the global medical community consummation. The use of antibiotics for the management of dentoalveolar infections should be considered only in the presence of an increased risk of a systemic involvement or to prevent metastatic infections. This study aimed to investigate the prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotic prescription patterns of Lebanese dentists for the management of dentoalveolar abscesses...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469564/evaluation-of-light-emitting-diode-led-835-nm-application-over-human-gingival-fibroblast-an-in-vitro-study
#12
M Roncati, D Lauritano, F Cura, F Carinci
Since the laser and photomodulation were discovered over 50 years, they have been used for many applications in medicine and in dentistry also. In particular, light-emitting diodes therapy (LT) achieved a great success in medical treatment and photo-therapy. In the decades, LT has been used for several therapeutic purposes. Many beneficial effects have been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo, including antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor, cell differentiation, immune potentiating and tissue repair activities...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449541/antimicrobial-activity-of-hydroxyl-radicals-generated-by-hydrogen-peroxide-photolysis-against-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm
#13
Keisuke Nakamura, Midori Shirato, Taro Kanno, Ulf Örtengren, Peter Lingström, Yoshimi Niwano
Prevention of dental caries with maximum conservation of intact tooth substance remains a challenge in dentistry. The present study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of H2O2 photolysis on Streptococcus mutans biofilm, which may be a novel antimicrobial chemotherapy for treating caries. S. mutans biofilm was grown on disk-shaped hydroxyapatite specimens. After 1-24 h of incubation, growth was assessed by confocal laser scanning microscopy and viable bacterial counting. Resistance to antibiotics (amoxicillin and erythromycin) was evaluated by comparing bactericidal effects on the biofilm with those on planktonic bacteria...
October 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301851/considerations-for-responsible-antibiotic-use-in-dentistry
#14
Marie T Fluent, Peter L Jacobsen, Lauri A Hicks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207198/antibiotic-prescription-knowledge-of-dentists-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-an-online-country-wide-survey
#15
Esam Halboub, Abdulaziz Alzaili, Mir Faeq Ali Quadri, Mohammed Al-Haroni, Mohammad Ibrahim Al-Obaida, Nezar Noor Al-Hebshi
AIM: Dentists are probably contributing to the development of bacterial resistance to certain antibiotics. Campaigns to promote prudent use of antibiotics in dentistry are, thus, needed but require proper identification of dentists' knowledge gaps. The objective here was to comprehensively evaluate antibiotic prescription knowledge of dentists in Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A link to an online, previously validated questionnaire was emailed to 5199 dentists registered with the Saudi Dental Society...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169161/age-and-reasons-of-the-first-dental-visit-of-children-in-lebanon
#16
Maha H Daou, Ece Eden, Nada El Osta
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry have recommended that the child's first dental visit should be during the child's first year of life for dental disease prevention and to decrease the invasive restorative interventions. In Lebanon, no study has been conducted to determine the age and the reasons of the first dental visit of children and who requested the first dental screening. OBJECTIVES: To assess at what age occurred the first dental visit in a group of Lebanese children visiting a private pediatric dental clinic and to explore the reasons for their first dental consultation...
January 2016: Le Journal Médical Libanais. the Lebanese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27139354/significance-of-biofilms-in-dentistry
#17
REVIEW
Marta Wróblewska, Izabela Strużycka, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska
In the past decades significant scientific progress has taken place in the knowledge about biofilms. They constitute multilayer conglomerates of bacteria and fungi, surrounded by carbohydrates which they produce, as well as substances derived from saliva and gingival fluid. Modern techniques showed significant diversity of the biofilm environment and a system of microbial communication (quorum sensing), enhancing their survival. At present it is believed that the majority of infections, particularly chronic with exacerbations, are a result of biofilm formation, particularly in the presence of biomaterials...
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040298/antimicrobial-therapy-in-management-of-odontogenic-infections-in-general-dentistry
#18
REVIEW
Curtis J Holmes, Robert Pellecchia
This article focuses on the diagnosis and management of odontogenic infections. Current antibiotic regimens are reviewed and discussed including use of alternative antibiotics with patients known to have a penicillin allergy. Emphasis is made on proper examination of the patient with use of diagnostic aids to provide the correct treatment of choice.
April 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949245/prevalence-and-aetiology-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-among-children-aged-8-10-years-in-tirana-albania
#19
D Hysi, O O Kuscu, E Droboniku, C Toti, L Xhemnica, E Caglar
AIM: Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) describes the clinical appearance of enamel hypomineralisation of systemic origin affecting one or more permanent first molars (PFMs) that are frequently associated with affected incisors. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and aetiology of MIH in children living in Tirana, Albania. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x407e548) DESIGN: The study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, and Tirana Dental Public Health Service...
March 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851419/the-pattern-of-antibiotic-prescribing-by-dental-practitioners-in-zagreb-croatia
#20
Marina Perić, Ivana Perković, Martina Romić, Paris Simeon, Jurica Matijević, Goranka Prpić Mehičić, Silvana Jukić Krmek
BACKGROUND: Bacterial resistance is considered a consequence of misuse or overuse of antibiotics. Dentistry significantly contributes to this increasing public health problem. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the pattern of antibiotics prescribed by Croatian dentists in Zagreb area. METHODS: Out of 220 Doctors of Dental Medicine (DMDs) from Zagreb 110 responded to survey. Prior to the research an ethical approval was obtained. Participants were directly contacted...
June 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
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