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Antibiotic Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336283/headaches-and-facial-pain-in-rhinology
#1
Asitha D L Jayawardena, Rakesh Chandra
"Sinus headache" is a common chief complaint that often leads patients to an otolaryngologist's office. Because facial pain may or may not be sinogenic in origin, the otolaryngologist should be equipped to evaluate and treat or to appropriately refer these patients. Analysis of current data indicates that the majority of patients who present with sinus headaches actually have migraines. Furthermore, the downstream effect of the cytokine cascade initiated in migraine physiology can cause rhinologic symptoms, including rhinorrhea, congestion, and lacrimation, which may also confound diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#2
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243744/editorial-antibiotics-in-dentistry-be-responsible
#3
Monica Prasad Gibson, Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236898/in-vitro-analysis-of-a-local-polymeric-device-as-an-alternative-for-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#4
Talita Girio Carnaval, Flávia Gonçalves, Marcelo Munhóes Romano, Luiz Henrique Catalani, Marcia Alves Pinto Mayer, Victor Elias Arana-Chávez, Alexander Cassandri Nishida, Thais Claudino Lage, Carlos Eduardo Francci, Carlos Alberto Adde
The development of a biodegradable material with antimicrobial properties for local applications is required in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The objective of this study was to produce blends of poly-L-lactide acid (PLLA) synthetic polymer associated with several antimicrobials, as an alternative in the prevention and treatment of infections, as well as to evaluate its cytotoxicity, release of antimicrobials and inhibit bacteria growth. Blends of PLLA added with 20% Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Clindamycin or Azithromicyn were used to produce Films (F) or Meshs (M) by casting and electrospinning methods, respectively...
December 7, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172346/antibiotic-guardians-the-role-of-the-dental-profession
#5
Anwen L Cope, Michael A O Lewis
The increasing emergence of antibiotic resistance is a major international public health problem. As a consequence, it is essential that steps are taken to conserve the effectiveness of existing antimicrobial agents. Consumption of antibiotics is the prime contributor to the development of resistance. General dental practitioners write almost 1 out of 10 prescriptions for antibiotics in primary care within the UK and therefore the prudent prescribing of antibiotics in dentistry has never been more vital. This paper outlines the impact of antimicrobial resistance on modern healthcare, describes the current use of antibiotics in general dental practice, and recommends pragmatic ways in which dental practitioners can evaluate and optimize their prescribing...
April 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155536/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antibiotic-prescribing-in-dental-practice
#6
Nikolaus O A Palmer
The purpose of this paper is to review the principles of antibiotic prescribing in light of the increasing worldwide problem of antimicrobial resistance and the evidence of inappropriate use of antibiotics in dentistry. Guidance on the management of dental infections and antibiotic prophylaxis based on a review of the scientific evidence will be given to ensure good patient care. Clinical relevance: To discuss the relevance of legislation around antimicrobial prescribing and antimicrobial stewardship for dentists...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136646/the-effect-of-interventions-aiming-to-optimise-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-in-dental-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Christin Löffler, Femke Böhmer
BACKGROUND: Abundant evidence in dentistry suggests that antibiotics are prescribed despite the existence of guidelines aiming to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance. This review investigated (1) which type of interventions aiming to optimise prescription of antibiotics exist in dentistry, (2) the effect of these interventions and (3) the specific strengths and limitations of the studies reporting on these interventions. METHOD: Literature search was based on Medline, Embase, Global Health, Cochrane CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072427/antibiotic-resistance-and-good-stewardship
#8
George Maranon
This article examines dentistry’s role in managing the antibiotic resistance problem through a more appropriate use of antibiotics.
May 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064220/the-management-of-infections-and-the-use-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-by-dentists-a-review-of-the-evidence
#9
George Maranon
Dentistry plays an important role in managing the antibiotic resistance problem. Guidelines for the use of antibiotics for prevention of endocarditis, prosthetic joint infections and other medical conditions have changed frequently. Unfortunately, the original guidelines and subsequent changes were often made through consensus opinions and not evidence based. Clinical decisions on the use of antibiotics must be made on the basis of the scientific evidence with knowledge of the most current guidelines and indications...
March 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936293/does-the-postoperative-administration-of-antibiotics-reduce-the-symptoms-of-lower-third-molar-removal-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#10
María Martín-Ares, Cristina Barona-Dorado, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, Jorge Cortés-Bretón-Brinkmann, Javier Sanz-Alonso, José-María Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: To date there is little scientific evidence that clarifies the therapeutic effect of antibiotics for managing the postoperative symptoms of impacted third molar surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic treatment for reducing non-infectious clinical symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient data was collected from the patients´ medical records and the results were statistically evaluated with SPSS versión 21.0; SPSS, IBM; Chicago, IL, USA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893540/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-odontogenic-infections-what-is-the-best-choice-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
João Roig Martins, Otacílio Luiz Chagas, Bibiana Dalsasso Velasques, Ângelo Niemczewski Bobrowski, Marcos Britto Correa, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: Odontogenic infections are a common problem in dentistry, and their treatment often requires the use of antibiotics besides the removal of the source of infection, which frequently makes it more difficult for clinicians to make a decision regarding the choice of antibiotic. This study aimed to answer the following questions through the Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format: When should antibiotics be used in dental infections (DIs)? Which are the most effective drugs? How long should antibiotics be administered? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a systematic review using the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases without restriction as to the period researched...
December 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#12
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879623/the-risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-hemorrhage-after-tooth-extraction-a-multi-center-retrospective-study-of-patients-receiving-oral-antithrombotic-therapy
#13
Takumi Hasegawa, Souichi Yanamoto, Akira Tachibana, Yuka Kojima, Yoshito Koyama, Michinori Maeda, Takahide Komori
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the multivariate relationships between specific risk factors and postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction in patients who were prescribed oral antithrombotic therapy. Risk factors for postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Patient characteristics such as age and gender; the presence or absence of known comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cerebral infarction, and alcohol consumption; and perioperative diarrhea were assessed...
December 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744872/antibiotic-prescription-for-endodontic-infections-a-survey-of-brazilian-endodontists
#14
M R Bolfoni, F G Pappen, T Pereira-Cenci, R C Jacinto
AIM: To investigate antibiotic prescribing habits reported by Brazilian endodontists in specific clinical situations. METHODOLOGY: Brazilian endodontists (n = 13 853) were invited to answer an online questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: the first part contained personal data such as age, gender, years of experience and location of endodontic practice; the second part included questions regarding their behaviour when prescribing antibiotics in dental practice...
July 26, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727999/drug-ion-co-delivery-multi-functional-nanocarrier-to-regenerate-infected-tissue-defect
#15
Jung-Hwan Lee, Ahmed El-Fiqi, Nandin Mandakhbayar, Hae-Hyoung Lee, Hae-Won Kim
Regeneration of infected tissues is a globally challenging issue in medicine and dentistry. Common clinical therapies involving a complete removal of infected areas together with a treatment of antimicrobial drugs are often suboptimal. Biomaterials with anti-bacterial and pro-regenerative potential can offer a solution to this. Here we design a novel nanocarrier based on a mesoporous silicate-calcium glass by doping with Ag ions and simultaneously loading antimicrobial drugs onto mesopores. The nanocarriers could controllably release multiple ions (silver, calcium, and silicate) and drugs (tetracycline or chlorohexidine) to levels therapeutically relevant, and effectively internalize to human dental stem cells (∼90%) with excellent viability, ultimately stimulating odontogenic differentiation...
October 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713108/current-prescribing-practices-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-survey-of-dental-practitioners
#16
Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo
AIM: Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists' prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653438/antibiotic-prescribing-habits-among-norwegian-dentists-a-survey-over-25%C3%A2-years-1990-2015
#17
Hans R Preus, Karen W Fredriksen, Andrea E Vogsland, Leiv Sandvik, Jostein I Grytten
Bacterial antibiotic resistance is a steadily growing global problem, which today is compared with issues such as global warming, ozone depletion, and extinction of species. Consequently, calls come from global, Pan-European, and national authorities to gain insight into, limit, and stringently qualify the use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine, as well as in food production. Dentists are not considered to be frequent prescribers of antibiotics. However, few studies have identified how much, and in which situations, dentists prescribe such drugs...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#18
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#19
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522282/quality-indicators-for-the-use-of-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#20
Rugzan Jameel Hussein, Robert Krohn, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Gerald Willms
BACKGROUND: Risks resulted from using systemic antibiotics such as increasing rates of bacterial resistance, allergy and side effects should be always weighed individually for each patient against any potential benefits. Routine antibiotic prescribing must be therefore discouraged. The Federal Joint Committee ("Gemeinsamer Bundesauschuss", G-BA) commissioned the AQUA-Institute with the development of an external quality assurance procedure, examining systemic antibiotic use in periodontal, conservative and surgical treatments in ambulatory dental health care...
May 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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