keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antibiotic Maxillofacial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756330/postoperative-prophylactic-antibiotics-for-facial-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Andy M Habib, Alexander D Wong, Geoffrey C Schreiner, Komal F Satti, Natalie B Riblet, Heather A Johnson, Jacob P Ossoff
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing surgery for maxillofacial fractures is standard practice. However, the use of postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis remains controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effect of postoperative antibiotic therapy on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients with maxillofacial fractures. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception through October 2017...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713913/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-patients-transitioning-from-bisphosphonates-to-denosumab-treatment-for-osteoporosis
#2
P J Voss, D Steybe, P Poxleitner, R Schmelzeisen, C Munzenmayer, H Fuellgraf, A Stricker, W Semper-Hogg
Antiresorptive-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ARONJ) is a rare but severe side effect of antiresorptive treatment with bisphosphonates or RANKL-antibody denosumab in patients with malignant diseases or osteoporosis. Whilst osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) related to the administration of bisphosphonates (BPs) has been investigated for more than 1 decade now, only few data are available on denosumab-related ONJ, especially in patients with osteoporosis. From 2008 to 2016, 52 osteoporosis patients were treated with ARONJ in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany...
April 30, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700733/the-surgical-management-of-severe-dentofacial-infections-dfi-a-prospective-study
#3
Conor M Bowe, Maeve A O'Neill, John E O'Connell, Gerard J Kearns
Dentofacial infections (DFI) lead to morbidity and rarely, mortality. We hypothesised that certain clinical and laboratory parameter factors may be associated with a more severe course and an increased length of stay. We designed a prospective study that included all patients admitted with a DFI to the Oral and Maxillofacial Department between July 2014 and July 2015. A total of 125 were enrolled. We found that serum concentration of CRP on admission and increasing number of fascial spaces involved by the infection were significant predictors of hospital stay (p = 0...
April 27, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603711/management-of-a-severe-cervicofacial-odontogenic-infection
#4
Ana Km Tormes, Manoela M De Bortoli, Rui M Júnior, Emanuel Ss Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions. AIM: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600925/een-jongen-met-een-rode-gezwollen-wang
#5
C A W Leung, J Poukens, B Vernooy-Slavenburg
A 7-year-old boy was referred to the paediatric clinic with a swollen cheek since one day. Intraoral examination revealed erythematous and swollen gingivae in the right upper quadrant. The consulted maxillofacial surgeon diagnosed him with a canine fossa abscess. The patient recovered quickly after incision and drainage, followed by antibiotic therapy.
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570802/antibiotic-resistance-in-severe-odontogenic-infections-of-the-south-australian-population-a-9-year-retrospective-audit
#6
Isaac Liau, Jennie Han, Kristen Bayetto, Brendan May, Alastair Goss, Paul Sambrook, Andrew Cheng
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the microbiological trends in severe odontogenic infections requiring hospital admission in the South Australian Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. Rates of antibiotic resistance to empirical antibiotic regimens were determined to quantify the clinical implications of antibiotic resistant odontogenic infections. METHODS: A retrospective case-audit was performed of all odontogenic infections admitted at the Royal Adelaide Hospital over 9-year period...
March 23, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561482/improving-postoperative-nasal-airway-patency-in-le-fort-based-maxillofacial-trauma-patients-via-a-modified-nasal-packing-technique
#7
Amir Wolff, Gabriel F Santiago, Micah Belzberg, Omri Emodi, Chad R Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Combined mid-face and nasal apparatus trauma injuries pose a significant challenge to airway patency (AW), in the immediate postoperative setting following fracture reduction. As such, the authors describe a modified technique with the goal of maintaining a patent nasal AW, while at the same time, minimizing nasopharyngeal bleeding and nasal AW edema-which can complicate patients requiring intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the setting of pan-facial trauma. METHODS: A modified technique was devised to assist the reconstruction surgeon in avoiding the risks associated with tracheostomy placement...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555183/toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-a-dermatologic-emergency-and-the-role-of-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon
#8
Brian Wolf, Rory Sadoff, Victor Nannini
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare and severe mucocutaneous disorder characterized by mucosal and epidermal necrosis and sloughing. This potentially life-threatening condition, together with the less severe Stevens-Johnson syndrome, is commonly caused by an immunologic reaction to medications and can lead to many long-term complications. The disorder initially presents with fever, malaise, and painful mucosal ulcerations (most commonly oral) but progresses to widespread cutaneous lesions. A 14-year-old male patient was prescribed minocycline for treatment of his acne by his primary care doctor...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521756/unilateral-hard-palate-necrosis-after-ascending-palatine-artery-embolization
#9
Waleed Abdulhadi Alalawi, Emtenan Almajed
Embolization is a common treatment modality for refractory epistaxis. Here, the authors reported that the first patient with unilateral necrosis of the mucosa overlying the hard palate developed after embolization of ascending palatine artery. A 46-year-old man with a history of maxillofacial trauma complicated by 2 episodes of significant unilateral epistaxis. Although he did not experience any epistaxis after embolization, unilateral necrosis of the mucosa overlying the hard palate developed gradually 2 weeks after embolization...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485557/closure-of-oroantral-communication-with-plasma-rich-fibrin-membrane
#10
Umut Demetoglu, Hakan Ocak, Suheyb Bilge
Oroantral communication (OAC) is the opening between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. It may cause oroantral fistula or maxillary sinusitis if left untreated. The surgical closure of the OAC within 48 hours was recommended to avoid the complications like sinus infections. The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment of OACs with plasma-rich fibrin (PRF) which is safe and easy to implement in the OACs.This study was conducted with the patients, who required the treatment of the OAC, which was developed after the posterior maxillary tooth extraction in the Dental and Maxillofacial Department of the Faculty of Dentistry in Adnan Menderes University...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423164/cutaneous-metastasis-of-a-primary-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-to-the-right-cheek
#11
Emily Higgins, Liam Monaghan, Raghu R Mani
This case report details of a case of cutaneous metastasis from a primary adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus to the right cheek. A 67-year-old male was referred to the maxillofacial department with a 2-3 week history of non-painful swelling of the cheek. A diagnosis of infected sebaceous cyst was made and drainage was attempted with adjunctive antibiotic therapy. Follow up appointments showed no improvement a biopsy was taken. Histology reported presence of metastatic adenocarcinoma, suggesting the gastrointestinal tract as the primary site...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382989/protocol-for-antibiotic-administration-in-mandibular-trauma-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#12
Anisha Perepa, Ramen Sinha, Anmol Agarwal, Tahseen Ali Khan
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the necessity and/or effectiveness of antibiotics in cases with maxillofacial trauma and emphasise the administration of antibiotics in maxillofacial fractures indicated for open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF). Materials and Methods: This study is a single blind, prospective, randomized clinical trial composed of subjects who presented with non-comminuted, linear fractures of the mandible and were treated by ORIF via an intraoral approach...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311020/is-the-routine-practice-of-antibiotic-prescription-and-microbial-culture-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-testing-justified-in-primary-maxillofacial-space-infection-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#13
Saroj Kumari, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas, Sanchaita Kohli, Cathrine Diana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was to compare treatment outcome of removal of foci and incision and drainage, with or without oral antibiotic therapy, in the management of single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known infectious focus were divided into two groups, one treated with incision and drainage only, and the other with incision and drainage along with oral antibiotics...
March 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288648/what-factors-necessitate-removal-of-retained-ballistic-fragments-in-the-head-and-neck
#14
John Vorrasi, Ryan Calvi, Mengxi Lv, Richard Hammond
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of retained ballistic fragment (RBF) removal and to identify factors associated with an increased risk for RBF removal. To date, there are no studies focused on identifying factors associated with removal of RBFs localized to the maxillofacial region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort study design, the authors enrolled a sample composed of patients with RBFs localized to the maxillofacial region...
April 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284961/comparison-of-efficacy-of-amoxicillin-versus-ciprofloxacin-in-postsurgical-management-of-transalveolar-extraction
#15
Balan Natarajan, Gowri Balakrishnan, Kavin Thangavelu
Background: The transalveolar extraction and the use of pharmacological antibiotic therapy following the surgical procedure in management of postoperative infection go hand in hand in minor oral surgery. Attention has often been focused on antibiotic therapy administered at different time schedules (before or after surgery or both). This investigation reveals how the use of different molecules and dosages is critical in the postoperative period and has always provided positive result...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250713/influence-of-a-strictly-perioperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-vs-a-prolonged-postoperative-prophylaxis-on-surgical-site-infections-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#16
Alexander K Bartella, Sebastian Lemmen, Aida Burnic, Anita Kloss-Brandstätter, Mohammad Kamal, Thomas Breisach, Frank Hölzle, Bernd Lethaus
PURPOSE: The adequate perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in maxillofacial surgery is still under discussion due to the wide range of hard and soft tissue procedures as well as contaminated, semi-contaminated and clean surgical sides. Perioperative antibiosis is an easy applicable tool that can be used to decrease nosocomial morbidity and mortality by reducing the rate of infections. We compared strictly perioperative antibiosis with an extended postoperative prophylactic antibiosis...
December 18, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199347/-analysis-of-factors-affecting-soft-tissue-infection-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-debridement
#17
Liu-Hong Wang, Zheng Yang, Hui Yang, Xin-Tian Lou, Yi-Lin Wang, Xiang-Qun Qi
PURPOSE: To explore the factors affecting soft tissue infection after oral and maxillofacial debridement. METHODS: Fifty hundred patients with debridement were enrolled in this study from January 2013 to June 2016. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to soft tissue infection, 18 cases in infection group and 482 cases in non-infection group. Age, mean time to surgery, average length of stay, duration of antibiotics use, abbreviated injury scale (AIS), combined injuries, maxillofacial fractures, soft tissue injury, type of fracture, and history of diabetes were recorded and analyzed using SPSS 19...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071028/successful-use-of-lower-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#18
Gustavo Antonio Correa Momesso, Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Cecília Alves de Sousa, Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Tárik Ocon Braga Polo, Jaqueline Suemi Hassumi, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior, Leonardo Perez Faverani
Case Presentation: This study aimed to report a case of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) of a 65-year-old female patient referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery team from Araçatuba Dental School, complaining about mobility of a previously dental implant placed on the posterior maxillary region. Clinical examination revealed an extensive necrosis area around the implant region. The patient reported bisphosphonate therapy with sodium alendronate for prevention of osteoporosis 5 years ago...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033149/management-of-cervicofacial-infections-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-maxillofacial-units-in-the-uk
#19
C McDonald, A Hennedige, A Henry, B Dawoud, R Kulkarni, K Gilbert, P Kyzas, R Morrison, J A McCaul
Cervicofacial infections are common emergency presentations to maxillofacial departments in the UK, there is no consensus about their management and, in particular, the role of corticosteroids is not clear. Our aim was to find out the current practice of UK maxillofacial surgeons in managing these infections using a multicentre questionnaire study. The questionnaire was designed, piloted, and revised before distribution, and questions were asked to assess preoperative, operative, and postoperative management...
November 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991941/fever-rash-and-leukopenia-in-a-32-year-old-man-%C3%A2-dx
#20
Robert Gauer, Collin Hu, Lindsey Beaman
A 32-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with fever, chills, malaise, leukopenia, and a rash. About 3 weeks earlier, he'd had oral maxillofacial surgery and started a 10-day course of prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Fifteen days after the surgery, he developed a fever (temperature, 103° F), chills, arthralgia, myalgia, cough, diarrhea, and malaise. He was seen by his physician, who obtained a chest x-ray showing a lingular infiltrate. The physician diagnosed influenza and pneumonia in this patient, and prescribed oseltamivir, azithromycin, and an additional course of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
keyword
keyword
112035
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"