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Antibiotic Maxillofacial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071028/successful-use-of-lower-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#1
Gustavo Antonio Correa Momesso, Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Cecília Alves de Sousa, Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Tárik Ocon Braga Polo, Jaqueline Suemi Hassumi, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior, Leonardo Perez Faverani
Case Presentation: This study aimed to report a case of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) of a 65-year-old female patient referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery team from Araçatuba Dental School, complaining about mobility of a previously dental implant placed on the posterior maxillary region. Clinical examination revealed an extensive necrosis area around the implant region. The patient reported bisphosphonate therapy with sodium alendronate for prevention of osteoporosis 5 years ago...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033149/management-of-cervicofacial-infections-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-maxillofacial-units-in-the-uk
#2
C McDonald, A Hennedige, A Henry, B Dawoud, R Kulkarni, K Gilbert, P Kyzas, R Morrison, J A McCaul
Cervicofacial infections are common emergency presentations to maxillofacial departments in the UK, there is no consensus about their management and, in particular, the role of corticosteroids is not clear. Our aim was to find out the current practice of UK maxillofacial surgeons in managing these infections using a multicentre questionnaire study. The questionnaire was designed, piloted, and revised before distribution, and questions were asked to assess preoperative, operative, and postoperative management...
November 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991941/fever-rash-and-leukopenia-in-a-32-year-old-man-%C3%A2-dx
#3
Robert Gauer, Collin Hu, Lindsey Beaman
A 32-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with fever, chills, malaise, leukopenia, and a rash. About 3 weeks earlier, he'd had oral maxillofacial surgery and started a 10-day course of prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Fifteen days after the surgery, he developed a fever (temperature, 103° F), chills, arthralgia, myalgia, cough, diarrhea, and malaise. He was seen by his physician, who obtained a chest x-ray showing a lingular infiltrate. The physician diagnosed influenza and pneumonia in this patient, and prescribed oseltamivir, azithromycin, and an additional course of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987223/controversies-in-maxillofacial-trauma
#4
REVIEW
Daniel J Meara, Lewis C Jones
Craniomaxillofacial trauma management has continued to improve and evolve as a result of advances in technology and scientific inquiry. Controversies exist where there is little evidence-based literature to guide treatment in frontal sinus management, rigid versus absorbable fixation, open versus closed treatment of mandibular condyle fractures, extraction of teeth in the line of fracture, optimal timing for repair of mandible fractures, antibiotic use for facial wounds and fractures, and reconstructive materials in orbital fracture reconstruction...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972883/periorbital-necrotizing-fasciitis-induced-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-a-case-report-and-clarification
#5
Dorothée L Deneubourg, Zulma Catherine, Patrice Lejuste, Pierre Breton
Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis (PONF) is a rare condition of the face. PONF can lead to blindness, functional and esthetic sequelae, multiple-organ failure, and death. The aim of this report is to raise the awareness of this severe condition in maxillofacial surgeons. This report describes the case of a 30-year-old woman who presented with a bilateral palpebral edema and pain 3 days after a jugal wound was sutured. Necrosis of the skin of the left palpebral unit was extending rapidly. The patient had signs of sepsis...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933370/a-case-of-systemic-infection-caused-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-oral-infection-in-an-edentulous-patient
#6
Yumi Inagaki, Masanobu Abe, Ryoko Inaki, Liang Zong, Hideyuki Suenaga, Takahiro Abe, Kazuto Hoshi
BACKGROUND: Infections in the oral and maxillofacial region can sometimes extend beyond the oral cavity, with serious consequences. Most oral infections are odontogenic, occurring through the root apex of the tooth or the periodontal pocket. It thus makes sense that edentulous patients have a much lower risk of oral bacterial infection. For this reason, while there are many reports on systemic infections caused by oral infections, few of these describe such infections in edentulous patients...
August 18, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724596/severe-destructive-nasopharyngeal-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-with-superimposed-skull-base-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-osteomyelitis
#7
Mitchell S von Itzstein, Jithma P Abeykoon, Daniel D Summerfield, Jennifer A Whitaker
Skull base osteomyelitis in the setting of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is rare and entails significant diagnostic challenges. We present a case of a 65-year-old Caucasian man with a history of rheumatoid arthritis, off immunosuppression for 18 months, who presented with 2 years of chronic headaches, severe fatigue, saddle nose deformity and 20-kilogram unintentional weight loss. Maxillofacial CT revealed an extensive destructive sinonasal and erosive skull base process. Laboratory evaluation showed equivocal elevation of antiproteinase 3 antibodies with negative antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody panel...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717295/animal-inflicted-maxillofacial-injuries-treatment-modalities-and-our-experience
#8
Anjani Kumar Yadav, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Leeza Pradhan, Ashok Dongol, Arpita Singh, Pradeep Acharya, Alok Sagtani
INTRODUCTION: Animal inflicted injuries to the face and neck are becoming much more common as people lavish affection on pets. Injuries caused by animal attacks to the face can cause complex injuries to soft and hard tissues, presented as perforations, lacerations, crushes, avulsion or fractures. An uncountable number of bacteria and virus can be found in such injuries, with a potential pathological effect to humans, regarding infections. Although the infection rate is low due to excellent blood supply to face, the injuries have disfiguring effect with possible psychological repercussion to the patients...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664712/comparative-study-on-usefulness-of-gentamycin-containing-collagen-implants-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-osteitis-and-osteomyelitis-of-the-craniofacial-skeleton
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paweł J Zawadzki, Konrad Perkowski, Michał Kotlarski, Anna Pietruczuk-Padzik, Lidia Chomicz
<b>Introduction and objective.</b> A reduction in incidences of peri-surgical complications due to infections is achieved by antibiotic prophylaxis The objective of the study was to assess the usefulness of gentamycin-containing collagen implants (GCCI) in the treatment of patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis of the craniofacial skeleton. <b>Materials and method.</b> The retrospective study included 103 patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis. 54 patients were treated intra-operatively with GCCI (Garamycin, EusaPharma, Europe)...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629079/silver-doped-resorbable-tricalcium-phosphate-scaffolds-for-bone-graft-applications
#10
Sean Hoover, Solaiman Tarafder, Amit Bandyopadhyay, Susmita Bose
Bone graft procedures, in particular maxillofacial repair, account for half of the orthopedic procedures done in the US each year. Infection is a major issue in surgery, and should be of primary concern when engineering biomaterials. Silver is of renewed importance today, as it has the ability to potentiate antibiotics against resistant bacterial strains. In order to reduce long term infection risks, it is necessary for the scaffold to maintain a silver ion release for the length of the healing process. In this study, silver doped porous β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds were engineered using liquid porogen based method with the goal of meeting these requirements...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#11
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502763/osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws-a-retrospective-series-of-40-patients
#12
C-V Andre, R-H Khonsari, D Ernenwein, P Goudot, B Ruhin
INTRODUCTION: The caseload of jaw osteomyelitis seem to have decreased considerably over the last fifty years thanks to the progress of oral hygiene, the appearance and the use of antibiotics, and early screening. 'Limited osteitis' remains frequent in general practice (alveolitis after dental extraction), but osteomyelitis is much rarer as evidenced by the lack of current literature and the low number of reported patients in the published series. The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively all the cases of maxillo-mandibular osteomyelitis treated in a large academic department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery over a period of 6 years and to compare the results to data from the literature...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341449/do-antibiotics-decrease-the-risk-of-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-removal-in-community-practices
#13
Melanie S Lang, Martin L Gonzalez, Thomas B Dodson
PURPOSE: The role of antibiotic use in third molar (M3) surgery is controversial. The purpose of this study was to measure the association between antibiotic use and postoperative inflammatory complications after M3 surgery in the community office-based ambulatory private practice setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a prospective cohort study and enrolled a sample composed of patients who had at least one M3 removed in a private practice setting by oral and maxillofacial surgeons participating in a practice-based research collaborative from June 2011 through May 2012...
February 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317563/epidemiology-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-infections
#14
REVIEW
Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Orrett E Ogle, Dwight Williams, Edward F Woodbine
Dental caries and periodontal disease are the most common dental infections and are constantly increasing worldwide. Distribution, occurrence of dental caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, odontogenic infections, antibiotic resistance, oral mucosal infections, and microbe-related oral cancer are important to understand the public impact and methods of controlling such disease. Distribution of human papilloma virus and human immunodeficiency virus -related oral cancers in the US population is presented.
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291497/variation-in-postinjury-antibiotic-prophylaxis-patterns-over-five-years-in-a-combat-zone
#15
Bradley A Lloyd, Clinton K Murray, William Bradley, Faraz Shaikh, Deepak Aggarwal, M Leigh Carson, David R Tribble
In 2008, a clinical practice guideline (CPG) was developed for the prevention of infections among combat casualties and was later revised in 2011. We evaluated utilization of antimicrobials within 48 hours following injury in the combat zone over a 5-year period (June 2009 through May 2014) with regard to number of regimens, type of antimicrobial, and adherence to the 2011 CPG. The study population consisted of 5,196 wounded military personnel. Open fractures and skin and soft-tissue injuries were the most frequent injuries...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222277/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-blepharoplasty-review-of-the-current-literature
#16
REVIEW
Elie M Ferneini, Steven Halepas, Steven I Aronin
The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based overview of antibiotic prophylaxis in blepharoplasty. We performed a literature search that evaluated the risk of infection associated with blepharoplasty, as well as the risks and benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis. The overall infection rate associated with eyelid surgery is extremely low. However, the use of antibiotic prophylaxis has increased over the past 25 years in esthetic facial procedures. There is no standard of care for or against antibiotic prophylaxis, and routine practices vary widely...
July 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#17
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899019/antibiotic-resistance-in-severe-orofacial-infections
#18
Min Kyoung Kim, Sung-Kiang Chuang, Meredith August
PURPOSE: This study assessed the antibiotic resistance profile in patients with severe orofacial infections treated at a single institution from 2009 through 2014. Factors contributing to resistance were studied. The resistance profile was compared with that of a cohort of similar patients treated a decade previously to identify changes in antibiotic resistance. In addition, the effect of antibiotic resistance on in-hospital course was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a 5-year retrospective cohort study...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883161/-is-it-necessary-to-prescribe-antibiotics-in-impacted-third-molar-surgical-removal-comparative-study-between-prescribing-patterns
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
I Izuzquiza, K A Jamtøy, N P Fossland, I Martínez-Padilla, F Falahat, L Alou, J Prieto, M L Gómez-Lus
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is a significant difference in infection rate after surgery tooth extraction in two different hospitals from Norway and Spain where different surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis protocols are applied. METHODS: An analytical observational study was conducted, retrospective cohorts type, analyzing healthy patients with no risk factors, who were third molar tooth operated in maxillofacial services of two different hospitals: St. Olav in Trondheim (Norway) and Clínico San Carlos in Madrid (Spain)...
February 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860210/limitation-of-the-antibiotic-eluting-bone-graft-substitute-an-example-of-gentamycin-impregnated-calcium-sulfate
#20
Chang-Chin Wu, Yang-Kai Huang, Wei-Jen Chang, Yun-Ching Wu, Chen-Chie Wang, Kai-Chiang Yang
Patients with inadequate volume of alveolar processes or bone defects commonly require graft substitutes in oral, maxillofacial or orthopedic surgery. Ridge augmentation and reconstruction of facial bony defects with bone graft materials achieve better outcomes in functional and aesthetic rehabilitation. The injectable calcium sulfate filler is used widely in intra-operative applications. Calcium sulfate bone filler has been shown to upregulate bone formation-related mRNA genes in vitro and improve osseointegration in vivo...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
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