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hearing impairment and learning disability

Gonzalo Corvera Behar, Miguel Alfredo García de la Cruz
Introduction Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a generally benign condition that responds to repositioning maneuvers and frequently resolves spontaneously. However, for some patients it can become a disabling condition in which surgery must be considered. Two different surgical techniques exist, singular neurectomy and posterior semicircular canal occlusion. Objective The objective of this study is to review the current status of singular nerve section and posterior semicircular canal occlusion as treatments for intractable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and to determine if there are published data available that favors one over the other...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Sophie S Hall, Jessica MacMichael, Amy Turner, Daniel S Mills
BACKGROUND: Quality of life refers to a person's experienced standard of health, comfort and happiness and is typically measured using subjective self-report scales. Despite increasing scientific interest in the value of dogs to human health and the growing demand for trained service dogs, to date no research has reported how service dogs may affect client perceptions of quality of life. METHOD: We compared quality of life scores on the 16 item Flanagan quality of life scale from individuals who owned a trained service dog with those who were eligible to receive a dog, but did not yet have one (waiting list control)...
March 29, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Nicholas Race, Jesyin Lai, Riyi Shi, Edward L Bartlett
Hearing difficulties are the most commonly reported disabilities among veterans. Blast exposures during explosive events likely play a role, given their propensity to directly damage both peripheral (PAS) and central (CAS) auditory system components. Post-blast PAS pathophysiology has been well-documented in both clinical case reports and laboratory investigations. In contrast, blast-induced CAS dysfunction remains under-studied, but has been hypothesized to contribute to an array of common veteran behavioral complaints including learning, memory, communication, and emotional regulation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
Gabriella Esposito, Francesco Testa, Miriam Zacchia, Anna Alessia Crispo, Valentina Di Iorio, Giovanna Capolongo, Luca Rinaldi, Marcella D'Antonio, Tiziana Fioretti, Pasquale Iadicicco, Settimio Rossi, Annamaria Franzè, Elio Marciano, Giovanbattista Capasso, Francesca Simonelli, Francesco Salvatore
BACKGROUND: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare genetic disorder that features retinal degeneration, obesity, polydactyly, learning disabilities and renal abnormalities. The diagnosis is often missed at birth, the median age at diagnosis being 9 years. In the attempt to shed light on BBS and improve its diagnosis and treatment, we evaluated the genotype-phenotype relationship in patients with a molecular diagnosis of BBS. METHODS: We analyzed three common BBS genes, BBS1, BBS10 and BBS2, in 25 Italian patients fulfilling the clinical criteria of BBS...
February 1, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
Sue C Lin, Robert S Gold
Assistive technology (AT) enhances the ability of individuals with disabilities to be fully engaged in activities at home, at school, and within their communities-especially for children with developmental disabilities (DD) with physical, sensory, learning, and/or communication impairments. The prevalence of children with DD in the United States has risen from 12.84% in 1997 to 15.04% in 2008. Thus, it is important to monitor the status of their AT needs, functional difficulties, services utilization, and coordination...
January 31, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
R H Ali, K Shah, A Nasir, W Steyaert, P J Coucke, W Ahmad
Woodhouse Sakati syndrome (WSS, MIM 241080) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic condition characterized by alopecia, hypogonadism, hearing impairment, diabetes mellitus, learning disabilities and extrapydamidal manifestations. Sequence variants in the gene DCAF17, encoding nucleolar substrate receptor, were identified as the underlying cause of inherited WSS. Considerable phenotypic heterogeneity exists in WSS with regard to severity, organs involvement and age of onset, both in inter-familial and intra-familial cases...
September 2016: Clinical Genetics
Doris-Eva Bamiou, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Sthella Zanchetta, Chrysa Spyridakou
BACKGROUND: Questionnaires addressing auditory disability may identify and quantify specific symptoms in adult patients with listening difficulties. PURPOSE: (1) To assess validity of the Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ), the (Modified) Amsterdam Inventory for Auditory Disability (mAIAD), and the Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HYP) in adult patients experiencing listening difficulties in the presence of a normal audiogram. (2) To examine which individual questionnaire items give the worse scores in clinical participants with an auditory processing disorder (APD)...
November 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Cesar Hernández, Jose L Pulido, Jorge E Arias
OBJECTIVE: To develop a technological tool that improves the initial learning of sign language in hearing impaired children. METHODS: The development of this research was conducted in three phases: the lifting of requirements, design and development of the proposed device, and validation and evaluation device. Through the use of information technology and with the advice of special education professionals, we were able to develop an electronic device that facilitates the learning of sign language in deaf children...
January 2015: Revista de Salud Pública
Salem Muftah, Ian Mackenzie, Brian Faragher, Bernard Brabin
BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is one of the leading causes of preventable disabling hearing impairment (DHI) in developing countries. Early detection and management complements advances made in other survival programs, improves work capacity, and enhances learning opportunities for school children. We aimed to determine the prevalence of CSOM and associated DHI among school children aged six to 16 years in Socotra Island, Yemen. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based survey, from 20 April 2011 to 20 June 2011...
September 2015: Oman Medical Journal
Tiffany Riehle-Colarusso, Andrew Autry, Hilda Razzaghi, Coleen A Boyle, William T Mahle, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Adolfo Correa
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence of receipt of special education services among children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared with children without birth defects. METHODS: Children born from 1982 to 2004 in metropolitan Atlanta with CHDs (n = 3744) were identified from a population-based birth defect surveillance program; children without birth defects (n = 860 715) were identified from birth certificates. Cohorts were linked to special education files for the 1992-2012 school years to identify special education services...
September 2015: Pediatrics
Michael M McKee, Christopher Moreland, Samuel R Atcherson, Philip Zazove
Hearing loss impairs health care communication and adversely affects patient satisfaction, treatment adherence, and use of health services. Hearing loss is the third most common chronic health condition among older patients after hypertension and arthritis, but only 15% to 18% of older adults are screened for hearing loss during health maintenance examinations. Patients with hearing loss may be reluctant to disclose it because of fear of ageism, perceptions of disability, and vanity. Lipreading and note writing often are ineffective ways to communicate with deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) patients who use American Sign Language; use of medical sign language interpreters is preferred...
July 2015: FP Essentials
Kimberly A Wolbers, Hannah M Dostal, Steve Graham, David Cihak, Jennifer R Kilpatrick, Rachel Saulsburry
Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) has led to improved writing and language outcomes among deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) middle grades students. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SIWI on the written expression of DHH elementary students across recount/personal narrative, information report, and persuasive genres. Five multiple-probe case studies demonstrate a relationship between implementation of SIWI and improvements in genre-related writing performance. The effect of instruction was most immediately demonstrated with information reports and persuasive writing, whereas several sessions of recount instruction were needed for students to satisfy performance criteria...
October 2015: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Scott R Smith, Poorna Kushalnagar, Peter C Hauser
Deaf individuals have more cardiovascular risks than the general population that are believed to be related to their cardiovascular health knowledge disparities. This phenomenological study describes where 20 deaf sign language-using adolescents from Rochester, New York, many who possess many positive characteristics to support their health literacy, learn cardiovascular health information and their lived experiences accessing health information. The goal is to ultimately use this information to improve the delivery of cardiovascular health education to this population and other deaf adolescents at a higher risk for weak health literacy...
October 2015: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Degao Li, Kejuan Gao, Xueyun Wu, Ying Xong, Xiaojun Chen, Weiwei He, Ling Li, Jingjia Huang
Two experiments investigated Chinese deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) adolescents' recognition of category names in an innovative task of semantic categorization. In each trial, the category-name target appeared briefly at the screen center followed by two words or two pictures for two basic-level exemplars of high or middle typicality, which appeared briefly approximately where the target had appeared. Participants' reaction times when they were deciding whether the target referred to living or nonliving things consistently revealed the typicality effect for the word, but a reversed-typicality effect for picture-presented exemplars...
2015: American Annals of the Deaf
Peter V Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: American Annals of the Deaf
Alice S-Y Lee, Fiona E Gibbon
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental speech sound disorders have difficulties in producing the speech sounds of their native language. These speech difficulties could be due to structural, sensory or neurophysiological causes (e.g. hearing impairment), but more often the cause of the problem is unknown. One treatment approach used by speech-language therapists/pathologists is non-speech oral motor treatment (NSOMT). NSOMTs are non-speech activities that aim to stimulate or improve speech production and treat specific speech errors...
March 25, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Thomas E Allen, Amy Letteri, Song Hoa Choi, Daqian Dang
Brief review is provided of recent research on the impact of early visual language exposure on a variety of developmental outcomes, including literacy, cognition, and social adjustment. This body of work points to the great importance of giving young deaf children early exposure to a visual language as a critical precursor to the acquisition of literacy. Four analyses of data from the Visual Language and Visual Learning (VL2) Early Education Longitudinal Study are summarized. Each confirms findings from previously published laboratory findings and points to the positive effects of early sign language on, respectively, letter knowledge, social adaptability, sustained visual attention, and cognitive-behavioral milestones necessary for academic success...
2014: American Annals of the Deaf
Johan Borg, Per-Olof Östergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to contribute to a better understanding of challenges and solutions to equitable provision of assistive technologies in resource limited environments by (i) describing sources of awareness, types of providers and costs of assistive technologies; (ii) describing common reasons for not possessing assistive technologies; and (iii) comparing these sources, providers, costs and reasons among younger and older men and women living in urban and rural settings...
July 2015: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
M K C Nair, M A Lakshmi, S Latha, Geetha Lakshmi, G S Harikumaran Nair, Deepa Bhaskaran, Babu George, M L Leena, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell
OBJECTIVE: To describe the last 5 years' experience of Child Development Centre (CDC), Kerala Developmental Evaluation Clinic II for children between 2 and 10 y, referred for suspicion of developmental lag in the preschool years and scholastic difficulty in the primary classes with specific focus on developmental profile and the experience of the home based intervention package taught to the mothers. METHODS: A team of evaluators including developmental therapist, preschool teacher with special training in clinical child development, speech therapist, special educator, clinical psychologist and developmental pediatrician assessed all the children referred to CDC Kerala...
December 2014: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Sanna Häkli, Mirja Luotonen, Risto Bloigu, Kari Majamaa, Martti Sorri
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and etiology of hearing impairment (HI) in Finnish children and to evaluate the frequency and type of additional disabilities among children with HI. METHODS: Subjects consisted of 214 children with mild to profound HI ascertained until the age of 10 years. They belonged to the birth cohort spanning the years 1993-2002 in northern Finland. The clinical data were collected from the electronic patient records of the Oulu University Hospital...
November 2014: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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