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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240529/cross-sectional-associations-between-gender-linked-personality-traits-and-use-of-weight-loss-and-muscle-building-products-among-u-s-young-adults
#1
Vivienne M Hazzard, Kelley A Borton, Katherine W Bauer, Kendrin R Sonneville
This study examined the cross-sectional associations between gender-linked personality traits and use of products for weight loss and muscle building using data from young adults participating in Wave III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health who completed the short-form Bem Sex-Role Inventory (n = 3,343). Among men, a higher score on the masculinity scale was associated with greater odds of diet pill use, legal performance-enhancing substance (PES) use, and illicit PES use, while a higher score on the femininity scale was associated with lower odds of illicit PES use...
December 14, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240518/does-dosage-matter-a-pilot-study-of-hand-arm-bimanual-intensive-training-habit-dose-and-dosing-schedule-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#2
Marina B Brandão, Marisa C Mancini, Claudio L Ferre, Priscilla R P Figueiredo, Rachel H S Oliveira, Shirley C Gonçalves, Miriam C S Dias, Andrew M Gordon
AIM: We compared the efficacy of hand-arm bimanual intensive training (HABIT) in two doses (90 vs. 45 hours) and two schedules of the same dose (90 vs. 2 × 45 hours) on hand and daily functioning. METHOD: Eighteen children with unilateral cerebral palsy were randomized to receive 6 hours of daily training over 3 weeks, totaling 90 hours (Group 90, n = 9) or receive 6 hours of daily training over 1.5 weeks, totaling 45 hours (Group 2 × 45, n = 9). After 6 months, Group 2 × 45 received an additional 45 hours...
December 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240014/classroom-participation-a-model-of-feminist-pedagogy
#3
Mary Tedesco-Schneck
Nursing faculty need to provide students with problem-solving skills during their formative academic years, and feminist pedagogy supported by classroom participation may foster these skills. Through the lens of feminist pedagogy, factors that influence classroom participation of nursing students were identified using the College and University Classroom Environment Inventory. Nursing students reported higher levels of attendance and punctuality compared with preparation and contribution to class discussion and favored personalization and equity over innovation and individualization in the classroom...
December 12, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239771/burnout-among-chinese-adult-reconstructive-surgeons-incidence-risk-factors-and-relationship-with-intraoperative-irritability
#4
Hanlong Zheng, Hongyi Shao, Yixin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations, mainly characterizing in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There is very limited research dealing with burnout in orthopedic surgeons. Exploring burnout prevalence, risk factors, and intraoperative irritability-related incidences is necessary to improve the quality of life for surgeons. METHODS: The study population consisted of 202 registered adult reconstructive doctors in China. Burnout was measured using a normalized translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239602/improving-estimates-of-nitrogen-emissions-for-life-cycle-assessment-of-cropping-systems-at-the-scale-of-an-agricultural-territory
#5
Laure Nitschelm, Virginie Parnaudeau, Francoise Vertès, Hayo M G van der Werf, Michael S Corson, Valerie Viaud, Joel Aubin, Christian Walter
In life cycle assessment (LCA), simple models are currently used to estimate cropping system nitrogen (N) emissions on farms. At large spatial scales (e.g., countries), these models are valid. At a smaller spatial scale (e.g., territories), these models may be less accurate, since they completely or partially ignore local conditions such as management practices, soil or climate. The purpose of this study was to consider the variability of those factors when estimating N emissions in LCA at the watershed scale...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239239/depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-pharmaco-resistant-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#6
Eleonora Borges Gonçalves, Tania Aparecida Marchiori de Oliveira Cardoso, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Fernando Cendes
Objectives To assess depressive disorders in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) refractory to medical treatment. Methods Adult patients with refractory MTLE completed two questionnaires (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) had a semi-structured psychiatric interview and a high resolution MRI scan. For complete neuropsychiatric diagnosis, as per International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the results were combined with clinical history and additional information from the patients' family...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239206/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-meta-analytic-review
#7
Elise M Cardinale, Abigail A Marsh
In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier was added to the conduct disorder diagnostic criteria to designate a subgroup of children who exhibit callous unemotional (CU) traits. The Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits (ICU) is the only dedicated measure of CU traits and was influential in the development of the Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier. Despite its role in the research and diagnosis of CU traits, some questions have persisted regarding the internal consistency and validity of the ICU and its three subscales: callous, uncaring, and unemotional...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239052/impact-of-anxiety-on-the-satisfaction-of-dental-implant-patients
#8
Afya Sahib Diab Al-Radha
PURPOSE: To study the influence of anxiety on dental implant patient satisfaction, and to explore if hemoglobin levels and the amount of body fat affected patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred three partially edentulous patients (mean age 42.06 years) who had received dental implant therapy were enrolled in the study. Self-administered questionnaires were given to those patients to evaluate their level of satisfaction with implant treatment. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) self-reported questionnaire was used to determine anxiety levels...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238935/best-practices-for-storing-and-shipping-cryopreserved-cells
#9
Frank Simione, Tim Sharp
Successfully recovering stored cryopreserved cells requires attention to two major factors, i.e., storage temperature and proper handling of the frozen samples. These key considerations are in turn impacted by how the inventory system is constructed, the frequency and process for retrieving specimens, as well as how the material is secured. In addition, shipping biological materials requires attention to the type of material transported, adherence to regulatory requirements, packaging materials and proper assembly, labeling, and engaging reputable carriers...
December 13, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238645/the-effectiveness-of-bioskills-training-for-simulated-open-lumbar-laminectomy
#10
Barrett S Boody, Brett D Rosenthal, Tyler J Jenkins, Alpesh A Patel, Jason W Savage, Wellington K Hsu
Study Design: Randomized, prospective study within an orthopedic surgery resident program at a large urban academic medical center. Objectives: To develop an inexpensive, user-friendly, and reproducible lumbar laminectomy bioskills training module and evaluation protocol that can be readily implemented into residency training programs to augment the clinical education of orthopedic and neurosurgical physicians-in-training. Methods: Twenty participants comprising senior medical students and orthopedic surgical residents...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238548/energy-and-speleogenesis-key-determinants-of-terrestrial-species-richness-in-caves
#11
Alberto Jiménez-Valverde, Alberto Sendra, Policarp Garay, Ana Sofia P S Reboleira
The aim of this study was to unravel the relative role played by speleogenesis (i.e., the process in which a cave is formed), landscape-scale variables, and geophysical factors in the determination of species richness in caves. Biological inventories from 21 caves located in the southeastern Iberian Peninsula along with partial least square (PLS) regression analysis were used to assess the relative importance of the different explanatory variables. The caves were grouped according to the similarity in their species composition; the effect that spatial distance could have on similarity was also studied using correlation between matrices...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238508/effectiveness-of-teaching-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-on-locus-of-control-in-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Mohammad Mehrtak, Shahram Habibzadeh, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Abdollah Rjaei-Khiavi
Background: Many of the cognitive behavioral models and therapeutic protocols developed so far for psychological disorders and chronic diseases have proved effective through clinical research. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of teaching cognitive-behavioral techniques on locus of control in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This controlled clinical trial study was conducted in 2015 with 76 patients selected by census and treated with a hemodialysis machine in the dialysis department of Vali-Asr Hospital in the city of Meshkinshahr...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238400/relationship-between-alexithymia-and-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius
#13
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Tetsuya Abe, Mikihiko Fukunaga, Naoko Yunoki
Background: Latent trigger points (LTrPs) can be activated by future events, leading to pain. Few studies have reported LTrP risk factors. It has been suggested that alexithymia is associated with myofascial pain and diminished awareness of physical sensation. This study was designed to evaluate the relation between alexithymia and LTrPs found the upper trapezius of healthy individuals. Methods: The correlation between LTrPs and alexithymia, and between LTrPs and depression was analyzed in 160 healthy participants (80 male, mean age: 40...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238392/risk-for-depression-burnout-and-low-quality-of-life-among-personnel-of-a-university-hospital-in-italy-is-a-consequence-of-the-impact-one-economic-crisis-in-the-welfare-system
#14
M G Carta, A Preti, I Portoghese, E Pisanu, D Moro, M Pintus, E Pintus, A Perra, S D'Oca, M Atzeni, M Campagna, E Fabrici Pascolo, F Sancassiani, G Finco, E D'Aloja, L Grassi
Background: Research literature suggests that burnout, depression, and a low mental quality of life (QOL) are common among health care workers. Economic crisis might have increased the burden of burnout, depression and low QOL in health care workers. Objectives: To identify depression risk, burnout levels, and quality of life in a sample of workers of an Italian university hospital. Method: Cross sectional study with comparison with two community surveys database results (n = 2000 and 1500, respectively)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238391/functional-impairment-and-painful-physical-symptoms-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-treated-with-antidepressants-real-world-evidence-from-the-middle-east
#15
Jihyung Hong, Diego Novick, Maria Victoria Moneta, Ahmed El-Shafei, Héctor Dueñas, Josep Maria Haro
Background: The Global Burden of Disease 2010 study reported the relative size of major depressive disorder (MDD) burden to be greater in the Middle East and North Africa than anywhere else. However, little research has been carried out to examine the comparative effectiveness of antidepressants in this region. Objective: To assess and compare functioning levels in Middle Eastern patients with MDD treated with either duloxetine or a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), and to examine the impacts of depression-related pain on functioning by the type of treatment...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238249/influence-of-competitive-anxiety-on-heart-rate-variability-in-swimmers
#16
Leonardo S Fortes, Bruna D V da Costa, Pedro P Paes, José R A do Nascimento Júnior, Lenamar Fiorese, Maria E C Ferreira
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between competitive anxiety and heart rate variability (HRV) in swimming athletes. A total of 66 volunteers (41 male and 27 female) who swam the 400-m freestyle in the Brazilian Swimming Championships participated. Thirty minutes before the 400-m freestyle event, the athletes answered the Competitive Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2R) questionnaire, then underwent anthropometric (body weight, height, and skinfold thickness) and HRV measurements. Then, at a second meeting, held 3 h after the 400-m freestyle event, the athletes returned to the evaluation room for HRV measurement (Polar® RS800cx, Kempele, Finland)...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237897/brachytherapy-with-iodine-125-seeds-for-bone-metastases
#17
Wei Wang, Zhonghao Liu, Jingrun Zhu, Chuanwang Wu, Mingyang Liu, Yongzheng Wang, Wujie Wang, Bin Liu, Yuliang Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment safety and efficacy of iodine 125 (I125) seeds implantation in patients with bone metastases and assess the availability of quality of life (QOL) as an index for efficacy evaluation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 98 patients with 133 bone metastases from July 2010 to January 2016, who had undergone computed tomography-guided brachytherapy with I125 seeds. Brief pain inventory was administered to assess the degree of pain at the preoperative (W0) and postoperative 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks (W2, W4, W8, W12, and W24)...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237518/can-endurance-training-improve-physical-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-young-fontan-patients
#18
Eva R Hedlund, Bo Lundell, Liselott Söderström, Gunnar Sjöberg
OBJECTIVE: Children after Fontan palliation have reduced exercise capacity and quality of life. Our aim was to study whether endurance training could improve physical capacity and quality of life in Fontan patients. METHODS: Fontan patients (n=30) and healthy age- and gender-matched control subjects (n=25) performed a 6-minute walk test at submaximal capacity and a maximal cycle ergometer test. Quality of life was assessed with Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Version 4...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237200/-screening-instruments-for-the-detection-of-male-specific-symptoms-of-unipolar-depression-a-critical-overview
#19
Andrea E Zülke, Anette Kersting, Sandra Dietrich, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Katarina Stengler
Background Epidemiological studies have repeatedly pointed out gender differences in unipolar depression, whereas women have a 1.5 to 3 times higher risk of receiving a diagnosis. This however stands in sharp contrast with the 10 times higher suicide-rate of men, although depression is among the main risk-factors for suicide. Current literature therefore suspects an under-diagnosis of depression in men which is yet to be explained. While there is a vast body of literature covering the influence of gender norms, different symptomatology and use of health care services of men and women, systematic examinations of the role of diagnostic inventories or screening-instruments are currently not available...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236868/richness-and-structure-of-ant-assemblies-hymenoptera-formicidae-in-atlantic-forest-in-southern-brazil
#20
Junir A Lutinski, Cladis J Lutinski, Carin Guarda, Maria A Busato, Flávio R M Garcia
Ant diversity is influenced by the structural complexity of the environment. Ants are thus an ecologically important group due to their potential to serve as indicators of environmental quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate ant diversity in areas with different land use histories and thus, within different stages of regeneration in the Permanent Preservation Area of the Foz do Chapecó Hydroelectric Plant reservoir. Ant assemblies among sample sites were compared using rarefaction analysis, and estimated richness, frequency of occurrence, and relative abundance were calculated...
December 11, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
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