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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545267/-influence-of-postoperative-pelvic-floor-function-on-different-surgical-procedures-of-hysterectomy
#1
A L Tan, L Hong, Y Z Zhao, L Jiang
Objective: To compare the influence of postoperative pelvic floor function after different surgical procedures of hysterectomy. Methods: A total of 260 patients who underwent hysterectomy in Renmin hospital of Wuhan University from January 2012 to January 2014 were enrolled in the study, and divided into 5 groups by different surgical procedures, which were total abdominal hysterectomy (A-TH; 46 cases), total laparoscopic hysterectomy (L-TH; 59 cases), total vaginal hysterectomy (V-TH; 42 cases), abdominal intrafascial hysterectomy (A-CISH; 78 cases), laparoscopic intrafascial hysterectomy (L-CISH; 35 cases)...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545164/loss-of-appendicular-muscle-mass-in-haemodialysis-patients-is-associated-with-increased-self-reported-depression-anxiety-and-lower-general-health-scores
#2
Helen Alston, Aine Burns, Andrew Davenport
AIMS: Depressive symptoms are commonly reported by haemodialysis (HD) patients. Previous reports have suggested an association between depression and nutritional status. To investigate this, we measured muscle mass in HD patients screened for depression. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used to screen for depression, and quality of life assessed by the short form 36 (SF36), and measured appendicular lean mass (ALM) post-dialysis with segmental bioimpedance...
May 25, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545010/factors-associated-with-response-after-deep-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-a-real-world-clinical-setting-results-from-the-first-40-cases-of-treatment-resistant-depression
#3
K Feffer, K A B Lapidus, Y Braw, Y Bloch, S Kron, R Netzer, U Nitzan
BACKGROUND: Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) has been sanctioned by the United States Food and Drug Administration for treatment-resistant depression. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated response and effectiveness of dTMS in real-world practice, as an add-on treatment for resistant depression. METHODS: Forty adult outpatients suffering from depression, all taking psychiatric medications, underwent 20 dTMS treatments over a 4-6 week period...
April 11, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544995/intrauterine-exposure-to-tobacco-and-executive-functioning-in-high-school
#4
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Mark A Richardson, Kathryn Buchanan-Howland, Clara A Chen, Howard Cabral, Timothy C Heeren, Jane Liebschutz, Leah Forman, Deborah A Frank
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning (EF), an umbrella construct encompassing gradual maturation of cognitive organization/management processes, is important to success in multiple settings including high school. Intrauterine tobacco exposure (IUTE) correlates with negative cognitive/behavioral outcomes, but little is known about its association with adolescent EF and information from real-life contexts is sparse. We evaluated the impact of IUTE on teacher-reported observations of EF in urban high school students controlling for covariates including other intrauterine and adolescent substance exposures...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544522/metagenomic-potential-for-and-diversity-of-n-cycle-driving-microorganisms-in-the-bothnian-sea-sediment
#5
Olivia Rasigraf, Julia Schmitt, Mike S M Jetten, Claudia Lüke
The biological nitrogen cycle is driven by a plethora of reactions transforming nitrogen compounds between various redox states. Here, we investigated the metagenomic potential for nitrogen cycle of the in situ microbial community in an oligotrophic, brackish environment of the Bothnian Sea sediment. Total DNA from three sediment depths was isolated and sequenced. The characterization of the total community was performed based on 16S rRNA gene inventory using SILVA database as reference. The diversity of diagnostic functional genes coding for nitrate reductases (napA;narG), nitrite:nitrate oxidoreductase (nxrA), nitrite reductases (nirK;nirS;nrfA), nitric oxide reductase (nor), nitrous oxide reductase (nosZ), hydrazine synthase (hzsA), ammonia monooxygenase (amoA), hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (hao), and nitrogenase (nifH) was analyzed by blastx against curated reference databases...
May 23, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544380/extending-the-two-process-model-of-burnout-in-child-protection-workers-the-role-of-resilience-in-mediating-burnout-via-organizational-factors-of-control-values-fairness-reward-workload-and-community-relationships
#6
Paula McFadden, John Mallett, Michael Leiter
Burnout has been disproportionally reported in child protection social work. This paper presents data from 162 child protection staff in Northern Ireland, assessed for burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Path models were estimated, based on an extension of the two-process demands and values model (Leiter, ) to include additional measures of resilience using the Resilience Scale-14, as well as perceived rewards and sense of community from the Areas of Work Life Scale (Leiter, ). Optimal model fit was achieved by modelling resilience as a mediator of the relationship between organizational factors of control and value congruence and burnout...
May 23, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544343/levels-of-anxiety-in-parents-in-the-24-h-before-and-after-their-child-s-surgery-a-descriptive-study
#7
Laura Pomicino, Elena Maccacari, Sara Buchini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To: a. investigate pre and post-operative anxiety levels in parents of surgical patients; b. identify factors that affect parental anxiety; c. analyze assistance provided and overall parental satisfaction in order to assess if and how this aspect can impact their anxiety level. BACKGROUND: Surgery as an event generates anxiety in children and their parents. Children who are anxious before surgery are likely to develop more postoperative psychological and physiological complications than those who are not...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544182/burst-or-high-frequency-10-khz-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-with-predominant-back-pain-one-year-comparative-data
#8
Sajjad Muhammad, Sandra Roeske, Shafqat Rasul Chaudhry, Thomas Mehari Kinfe
OBJECTIVES: Burst and 10 kHz spinal cord stimulation (SCS) demonstrated improvement for failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) with predominant, refractory back pain. Here, we report the long-term follow-up of a previously published study comparing the safety and efficacy of burst vs. 10 kHz SCS for predominant back pain (70% of global pain) of FBSS patients. METHODS: This comparative, observational study extended the follow-up period up to 20 months evaluating both SCS modalities...
May 24, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544024/contribution-of-perceived-cognitive-functioning-to-quality-of-life-in-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Noah D Silverberg, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Eric Bui, Rebecca Wershba, Ross Zafonte, Lauren M Laifer, Naomi M Simon, Grant L Iverson
Perceived cognitive impairment is a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may be an important determinant of quality of life (QOL) in those who suffer from this disorder. Using a clinical data repository, we evaluated this hypothesis in a cross-sectional sample of U.S. military service members and veterans who served after September 11, 2001, and were seeking mental health treatment at a tertiary outpatient clinic. A consecutive series of 117 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PTSD completed a battery of questionnaires at intake, including the PTSD Checklist (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), a 4-item Cognitive Symptom subscale of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (Cicerone & Kalmar, 1995), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Endicott, Nee, Harrison, & Blumenthal, 1993)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543686/caring-behaviours-directly-and-indirectly-affect-nursing-students-critical-thinking
#10
Shu-Yueh Chen, Hsing-Chi Chang, Hsiang-Chu Pai
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of caring behaviours on critical thinking and to examine whether self-reflection mediates the effect of caring on critical thinking. We also tested whether caring behaviours moderated the relationship between self-reflection and critical thinking. METHODS: For this descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional study, we recruited 293 fifth-year nursing students from a junior college in southern Taiwan...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543062/an-adaptive-vestibular-rehabilitation-technique
#11
Benjamin T Crane, Michael C Schubert
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is a large variation in vestibular rehabilitation (VR) results depending on type of therapy, adherence, and the appropriateness for the patient's level of function. A novel adaptive vestibular rehabilitation (AVR) program was developed and evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Technology and procedure development, and prospective multicenter trial. METHODS: Those with complete unilateral vestibular hypofunction and symptomatic at least 3 months with a Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) >30 were eligible...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542802/comparison-of-nine-different-methods-to-assess-fish-communities-in-lentic-flood-plain-habitats
#12
M Mueller, J Pander, J Knott, J Geist
This study compares the effectiveness and representativeness of electrofishing, snorkelling, seining, baited lift netting, multi-mesh gillnetting, baited fish traps, fyke netting, angling and longline fishing, considering three typical lentic flood-plain habitats at different times of day. Electrofishing was by far the most effective method yielding highest species richness, species trait representation and catch per unit of effort (CPUE), followed by seining. For single species like dace Leuciscus leuciscus, European ruffe Gymnocephalus cernua, common bream Abramis brama and silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, seining was more effective than electrofishing...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542742/exercise-or-social-intervention-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Philippe Denormandie, Didier Armaingaud, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of exercise with those of a structured nonphysical intervention on ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and physical and cognitive function of persons with dementia (PWDs) living in nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Cluster-randomized pilot-controlled trial. SETTING: Seven French NHs. PARTICIPANTS: PWDs living in NHs. MEASUREMENTS: NHs were randomized to an exercise group (4 NHs, n = 47) or structured social activity group (3 NHs, n = 50) for a 24-week intervention performed twice per week for 60 minutes per session...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542636/influence-of-learning-styles-on-the-practical-performance-after-the-four-step-basic-life-support-training-approach-an-observational-cohort-study
#14
Hanna Schröder, Alexandra Henke, Lina Stieger, Stefan Beckers, Henning Biermann, Rolf Rossaint, Saša Sopka
BACKGROUND: Learning and training basic life support (BLS)-especially external chest compressions (ECC) within the BLS-algorithm-are essential resuscitation training for laypersons as well as for health care professionals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of learning styles on the performance of BLS and to identify whether all types of learners are sufficiently addressed by Peyton's four-step approach for BLS training. METHODS: A study group of first-year medical students (n = 334) without previous medical knowledge was categorized according to learning styles using the German Lernstilinventar questionnaire based on Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542508/the-measurement-of-alexithymia-in-children-and-adolescents-psychometric-properties-of-the-alexithymia-questionnaire-for-children-and-the-twenty-item-toronto-alexithymia-scale-in-different-non-clinical-and-clinical-samples-of-children-and-adolescents
#15
Gwenolé Loas, Stéphanie Braun, Marie Delhaye, Paul Linkowski
This study had two aims. Firstly, the psychometric properties of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Alexithymia Questionnaire for Children (AQC) that measure the three dimensions of alexithymia (DIF, difficulty identifying feelings; DDF, difficulty describing feelings; EOT, externally-oriented thinking) were explored in various samples of children, adolescents or young adults to detect the best factor-structure and to examine if the Externally-Oriented Thinking (EOT) factor must be deleted or not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542365/delusion-proneness-displays-comorbidity-with-traits-of-autistic-spectrum-disorders-and-adhd
#16
Anaïs Louzolo, Petter Gustavsson, Lars Tigerström, Martin Ingvar, Andreas Olsson, Predrag Petrovic
There is an increasing body of evidence suggesting a significant comorbidity between psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism-spectrum disorders (ASD). Recently, research on psychosis-proneness in otherwise healthy individuals has been a promising way to better understand the mechanisms underlying psychosis. As both ADHD and ASD symptoms show a normal distribution in the general population, such trait comorbidity may confound studies on psychosis-proneness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542244/a-quantitative-label-free-analysis-of-the-extracellular-proteome-of-human-supraspinatus-tendon-reveals-damage-to-the-pericellular-and-elastic-fibre-niches-in-torn-and-aged-tissue
#17
Osnat Hakimi, Nicola Ternette, Richard Murphy, Benedikt M Kessler, Andrew Carr
Tears of the human supraspinatus tendon are common and often cause painful and debilitating loss of function. Progressive failure of the tendon leading to structural abnormality and tearing is accompanied by numerous cellular and extra-cellular matrix (ECM) changes in the tendon tissue. This proteomics study aimed to compare torn and aged rotator cuff tissue to young and healthy tissue, and provide the first ECM inventory of human supraspinatus tendon generated using label-free quantitative LC-MS/MS. Employing two digestion protocols (trypsin and elastase), we analysed grain-sized tendon supraspinatus biopsies from older patients with torn tendons and from healthy, young controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542221/urinary-leakage-during-sexual-intercourse-among-women-with-incontinence-incidence-and-risk-factors
#18
Hui-Hsuan Lau, Wen-Chu Huang, Tsung-Hsien Su
BACKGROUND: Coital incontinence is an under-reported disorder among women with urinary incontinence. Women seldom voluntarily report this condition, and as such, related data remains limited and is at times conflicting. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence and quality of life in women with coital incontinence and to determine associated predictors. METHODS: This observational study involved 505 sexually active women attending the urogynecologic clinic for symptomatic urinary incontinence at a tertiary medical center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542014/oak-ridge-reservation-environmental-protection-rad-neshaps-radionuclide-inventory-web-database-and-rad-neshaps-source-and-dose-database
#19
Patricia A Scofield, Linda L Smith, David N Johnson
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency promulgated national emission standards for emissions of radionuclides other than radon from US Department of Energy facilities in Chapter 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 61, Subpart H. This regulatory standard limits the annual effective dose that any member of the public can receive from Department of Energy facilities to 0.1 mSv. As defined in the preamble of the final rule, all of the facilities on the Oak Ridge Reservation, i.e., the Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, East Tennessee Technology Park, and any other U...
July 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541825/surgical-treatment-of-vertigo-in-cochlear-implantees-by-electrode-resealing
#20
Dania Karimi, Philipp Mittmann, Arneborg Ernst, Ingo Todt
CONCLUSION: Our present findings demonstrate that resealing to cover the electrode is an effective method to treat vertigo after CI. An insufficient cochleostomy sealing can be regarded as a cause of postoperatively newly occuring vertigo after CI. A transtympanic revision is a promising treatment option in cases of post-operative dizziness. Intoduction: A well-known and frequently reported complication after cochlear implantation is the appearance of postoperative vertigo symptoms. The aim of the present study was to observe if the postoperatively new occurrence of vertigo can be treated by resealing of the round window patch after cochlear implantation...
May 25, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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