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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684881/source-specific-speciation-profiles-of-pm-2-5-for-heavy-metals-and-their-anthropogenic-emissions-in-china
#1
Yayong Liu, Jia Xing, Shuxiao Wang, Xiao Fu, Haotian Zheng
Heavy metals are concerned for its adverse effect on human health and long term burden on biogeochemical cycling in the ecosystem. In this study, a provincial-level emission inventory of 13 kinds of heavy metals including V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Sn, Sb, Ba and Pb from 10 anthropogenic sources was developed for China, based on the 2015 national emission inventory of primary particulate matters and source category-specific speciation profiles collected from 50 previous studies measured in China. Uncertainties associated with the speciation profiles were also evaluated...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684865/the-effect-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-on-psychiatric-symptoms-among-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-functional-diarrhea-and-functional-constipation-an-open-label-observational-study
#2
Shunya Kurokawa, Taishiro Kishimoto, Shinta Mizuno, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Makoto Naganuma, Kuo-Ching Liang, Momoko Kitazawa, Moeko Nakashima, Chie Shindo, Wataru Suda, Masahira Hattori, Takanori Kanai, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUNDS: The intestinal microbiota is considered as a potential common underpinning pathophysiology of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs) and psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) has been reported to have therapeutic effects on diseases related to dysbiosis, but few studies have evaluated its effect on psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: We followed 17 patients with either Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Functional Diarrhea (FDr) or Functional Constipation (FC) who underwent FMT for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and observation of psychiatric symptoms...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684656/the-effect-of-regional-anaesthesia-versus-general-anaesthesia-on-behavioural-functions-in-children
#3
Abdul Razzak Khochfe, Mariam Rajab, Fouad Ziade, Zeina Z Naja, Ahmad Salah Naja, Zoher M Naja
PURPOSE: The primary objective was to assess the effect of general anaesthesia versus regional anaesthesia in a single exposure before the age of 2 years on the development of long-term behavioural changes in children. METHODS: The study was conducted between January 2014 and March 2015. Medical records of eligible children were reviewed. Then, parents of children who were included in the study were contacted and asked to visit the Outpatient Department to fill the Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory questionnaire to measure behavioural changes in children...
April 19, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684132/prefrontal-cortical-activity-during-the-stroop-task-new-insights-into-the-why-and-the-who-of-real-world-risky-sexual-behavior
#4
Emily Barkley-Levenson, Feng Xue, Vita Droutman, Lynn C Miller, Benjamin J Smith, David Jeong, Zhong-Lin Lu, Antoine Bechara, Stephen J Read
Background: Research suggests that deficits in both executive functioning and trait impulsivity may play a role in risky sexual behavior. At the neural level, differences in regulation of the prefrontal cortex have been linked to impulsivity, measured neurocognitively and through self-report. The relationship between neurocognitive measures of executive control and trait impulsivity in predicting risky sexual behavior has not been investigated. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between neural functioning during the Stroop task and risky sexual behavior, as well as the effect of individual differences in urgent (positive and negative) impulsivity on this relationship...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684063/do-self-reported-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-effect-endothelial-function-in-healthy-youth-the-look-longitudinal-study
#5
Lisa S Olive, Walter P Abhayaratna, Don Byrne, Alice Richardson, Richard D Telford
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endothelial dysfunction is thought to be an early indicator of risk for cardiovascular disease and has been associated with both stress and depression in adults and adolescents. Less is known of these relationships in younger populations, where the origins of CVD is thought to manifest. This study examined the effects of questionnaire derived psychosocial stress and depressive symptoms on endothelial function among children, following them through to adolescence. METHOD: Participants were 203 grade 2 children (111 girls; M age = 7...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683689/validating-parent-and-child-forms-of-the-parent-perception-inventory
#6
David A Cole, Sherryl H Goodman, Judy Garber, Katherine A Cullum, Sun-Joo Cho, Jason D Rights, Julia W Felton, Farrah M Jacquez, Katherine E Korelitz, Hannah F M Simon
Understanding parenting from both parent and child perspectives is critical to child clinical and developmental research. Similarities and differences between parents' and children's reports can be highly informative, but only if they derive from psychometrically sound measures that assess the same parenting constructs. We examined the psychometric properties of the child and parent forms of the Parenting Perception Inventory (Bruce et al., 2006), which measures perceptions of two higher-order dimensions: positive, warm, supportive parenting; and negative, harsh, critical parenting...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683230/evaluating-the-characteristics-of-the-grieving-process-in-people-with-intellectual-disability
#7
M Ángeles Alcedo Rodríguez, Leticia Cristóbal Fernández, Laura E Gómez Sánchez, Víctor B Arias González
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics associated with the grieving process among a population with intellectual disability and the influence of particular variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 380 participants with intellectual disability, on whose behalf 149 professionals completed a 20-item questionnaire with four Likert-type answer options, developed to evaluate the grieving process: Inventory of Grief and Coping Strategies in Intellectual Disability (IGCS-ID)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683130/an-inventory-of-continental-u-s-terrestrial-candidate-ecological-restoration-areas-based-on-landscape-context
#8
James Wickham, Kurt Riitters, Peter Vogt, Jennifer Costanza, Anne Neale
Landscape context is an important factor in restoration ecology, but the use of landscape context for site prioritization has not been as fully developed. We used morphological image processing to identify candidate ecological restoration areas based on their proximity to existing natural vegetation. We identified 1,102,720 candidate ecological restoration areas across the continental United States. Candidate ecological restoration areas were concentrated in the Great Plains and eastern United States. We populated the database of candidate ecological restoration areas with 17 attributes related to site content and context, including factors such as soil fertility and roads (site content), and number and area of potentially conjoined vegetated regions (site context) to facilitate its use for site prioritization...
November 2017: Restoration ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683125/factors-associated-with-poor-sleep-in-older-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#9
Janine Overcash, Alai Tan, Keya Patel, Anne M Noonan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship among gait, grip strength, cognition, depression, pain, and fatigue, and to identify which variables are most predictive of poor sleep. SAMPLE & SETTING: 60 women with breast cancer aged 69 years or older who were receiving treatment in the Senior Adult Oncology Program at the James Cancer Hospital at the Ohio State University. METHODS & VARIABLES: The variables were gait and grip strength (functional domains), cognition, depression, pain, and fatigue...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683050/how-preferred-learning-approaches-change-with-time-a-survey-of-gps-and-gp-specialist-trainees
#10
Pamela Curtis, Gordon Taylor, Michael Harris
Background The Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) questionnaire assesses whether learners prefer a deep, strategic or surface approach to learning. This study aimed to establish the effect of time since qualification, gender and work role on ASSIST scores of General Practitioners (GPs) and GP Specialist Trainees (GPSTs). Methods An anonymous online questionnaire with demographic questions and the ASSIST survey was completed by 1005 GPs and GPSTs from across the United Kingdom. Results Of the 544 GPs and 461 GPSTs completing the survey, 96...
April 23, 2018: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#11
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682871/the-effects-of-anticipating-a-high-stress-task-on-sleep-and-performance-during-simulated-on-call-work
#12
Madeline Sprajcer, Sarah M Jay, Grace E Vincent, Andrew Vakulin, Leon Lack, Sally A Ferguson
On-call work is used to manage around the clock working requirements in a variety of industries. Often, tasks that must be performed while on-call are highly important, difficult and/or stressful by nature and, as such, may impact the level of anxiety that is experienced by on-call workers. Heightened anxiety is associated with poor sleep, which affects next-day cognitive performance. Twenty-four male participants (20-35 years old) spent an adaptation, a control and two counterbalanced on-call nights in a time-isolated sleep laboratory...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682233/personality-factors-and-cognitive-functioning-in-elderly-with-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Neusa Maria de Oliveira Chardosim, Camila Rosa Oliveira, Manuela Polidoro Lima, Marianne Farina, Valéria Gonzatti, Dalton Breno Costa, Aline Sória Pereira, Luis Henrique Paloski, Tatiana Quarti Irigaray, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive neurological disease, resulting from cell degeneration in the substantia nigra, responsible for the production of dopamine. Objective: This study aimed to characterize the cognitive functioning, personality factors and prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Furthermore, this study sought to analyze whether personality factors were predictors of cognitive functioning. Methods: The sample consisted of 30 elderly with PD...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682232/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-vascular-dementia-epidemiologic-and-clinical-aspects
#15
Marcelo Antônio Oliveira Santos, Lucas Soares Bezerra, Carolina da Cunha Correia, Igor Silvestre Bruscky
Dementia is a general term for a heterogeneous group of organic neurodegenerative diseases. Cerebrovascular causes account for 20% of cases. Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological features of individuals aged >60 years diagnosed with vascular dementia (VD) or mixed dementia (MxD) in a referral hospital for dementia. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study was carried out from 2014 to 2017 involving elderly individuals (≥60 years) with VA or MxD...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681925/neuroanatomical-alterations-in-patients-with-early-stage-of-unilateral-pulsatile-tinnitus-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#16
Yawen Liu, Han Lv, Pengfei Zhao, Zhaohui Liu, Wenjing Chen, Shusheng Gong, Zhenchang Wang, Jian-Ming Zhu
During the past several years, the rapid development of neuroimaging techniques has contributed greatly in the noninvasive imaging studies of tinnitus. The aim of the present study was to explore the brain anatomical alterations in patients with right-sided unilateral pulsatile tinnitus (PT) in the early stage of PT symptom using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis. Twenty-four patients with right-sided pulsatile tinnitus and 24 age- and gender-matched normal controls were recruited to this study. Structural image data preprocessing was performed using VBM8 toolbox...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681741/an-updated-checklist-of-the-lichens-of-st-eustatius-netherlands-antilles
#17
André Aptroot, Michael Stech
In the course of a multi-taxon biodiversity inventory for the island of St. Eustatius, lichens were collected from 11 plots representing different vegetation types. From these collections, 126 lichen species are reported, 54 of which are new reports for St. Eustatius. Most species could be identified to species level based on morphological and chemical characters. In a few cases, mtSSU DNA sequences were generated for a preliminary molecular identification and future phylogenetic studies. In total, 263 identified lichen species are currently known from St...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681461/prospective-cohort-study-comparing-quality-of-life-and-sexual-health-outcomes-between-women-undergoing-robotic-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer
#18
Sarah E Ferguson, Tony Panzarella, Susie Lau, Lilian T Gien, Vanessa Samouëlian, Christopher Giede, Helen Steed, Tien Le, Ben Renkosinski, Marcus Q Bernardini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient-reported outcomes (PROs) between women treated by laparoscopic, robotic and open approaches for endometrial cancer. METHODS: Prospective cohort study comparing PRO at baseline, short- (1 and 3 weeks) and long-term (12 and 24 weeks) follow-up postoperatively. Quality of life (QOL) measures were the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT-G), EuroQol Five Dimensions (EQ-5D), and Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). Sexual health measures were the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Sexual Adjustment and Body Image Scale for Gynecologic Cancer (SABIS-G)...
April 19, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681226/traumatic-brain-injury-related-symptoms-reported-by-parents-clinical-imaging-and-host-predictors-in-children-with-impairments-in-consciousness-24-hours
#19
Emily A Evans, David Asuzu, Nathan Cook, Paul Caruso, Elise Townsend, Beth Costine-Bartell, Carla Fortes-Monteiro, Gillian Hotz, Ann-Christine Duhaime
This study examined the relationship between acute neuroimaging, host and injury factors and parent-reported traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in children with non-critical head injury at 2 weeks and 3 months after injury. Data were collected prospectively on 45 subjects aged 3-16 years old enrolled in the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) study. Subjects had rapid recovery of mental status (Glasgow Coma Score(GCS)=15 within 24 hours), and had no clinical need for neurosurgical intervention...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681015/cold-therapy-to-prevent-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#20
Claire Griffiths, Nancy Kwon, Jennifer L Beaumont, Judith A Paice
PURPOSE: This case-control study was designed to assess the efficacy of cryotherapy to prevent paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in women with breast cancer. METHODS: Participants served as their own paired control, with randomization of the cooled glove/sock to either the dominant or the non-dominant hand/foot, worn for 15 min prior to, during, and 15 min after completion of the paclitaxel infusion. Outcome measures included the Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory, the Brief Pain Inventory, and quantitative sensory testing...
April 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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