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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222544/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-chedoke-arm-and-hand-activity-inventory
#1
Denise Johnson, Jocelyn Harris, Paul Stratford, Julie Richardson
BACKGROUND: The Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI) is an assessment of upper limb function designed for use in the stroke population. The CAHAI has strong reliability and validity in this population; however, it is unknown whether this measure can be used with other clinical populations such as acquired brain injury (ABI). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the inter-rater reliability of the CAHAI when used with persons with ABI. METHODS: The research design was an observational parameter estimation study...
January 30, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222514/one-year-evolution-of-behavioral-and%C3%A2-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-patients-initially-hospitalized-in%C3%A2-cognitive-behavioral-units-the-evital-prospective-cohort
#2
Isabelle Rouch, Elodie Pongan, Béatrice Trombert, Florence Fabre, Nicolas Auguste, Claire Sellier, Magalie Freulon, Sophie Jacqueline, Denis Federico, Christelle Mouchoux, Géraldine Martin-Gaujard, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Bernard Laurent, Jean-Michel Dorey
BACKGROUND: The 2008-2012 French Alzheimer's Plan has provided hospital Cognitive and Behavioral Units (CBU) to improve the management of patients with productive behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Little is known concerning the behavioral outcome of these patients after discharge. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the long-term evolution of BPSD over one year after CBU discharge. METHODS: The EVITAL cohort included 221 participants admitted to the CBUs of 3 French hospitals...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222509/galantamine-response-associates-with-agitation-and-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Sachiko Nakayama, Akimitsu Suda, Hajime Nakanishi, Yumiko Motoi, Nobutaka Hattori
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) occur in up to 80% of AD patients and represent one of the largest factors contributing to caregiver burden. To analyze the effect of galantamine on BPSD and caregiver burden, we treated a total of 50 patients with mild AD for 12 weeks and evaluated them using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (ZBI). We also performed regional cerebral blood flow single photon emission computed tomography (rCBF SPECT) at baseline using three-dimensional sterotatic surface projections...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222491/the-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#4
Fatemeh Aliasghari, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Tahereh Behroozi Lak
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorder that may be effective in reducing the quality of life. This study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 women with PCOS who attended in public and private fertility clinics in Urmia (West Azerbaijan, Iran), 2015. The data were collected through the questionnaires of sociodemographic and obstetrics characteristics, quality of life and Beck depression inventory-II...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222248/long-term-effects-of-climate-change-on-carbon-storage-and-tree-species-composition-in-a-dry-deciduous-forest
#5
István Fekete, Kate Lajtha, Zsolt Kotroczó, Gábor Várbíró, Csaba Varga, János Attila Tóth, Ibolya Demeter, Gábor Veperdi, Imre Berki
Forest vegetation and soils have been suggested as potentially important sinks for carbon (C) with appropriate management, and thus are implicated as effective tools in stabilizing climate even with increasing anthropogenic release of CO2 . Drought, however, which is often predicted to increase in models of future climate change, may limit NPP of dry forests types, with unknown effects on soil C storage. We studied C dynamics of a deciduous temperate forest of Hungary that has been subject to significant decreases in precipitation and increases in temperature in recent decades...
February 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221773/air-quality-impacts-of-electrifying-vehicles-and-equipment-across-the-united-states
#6
Uarporn Nopmongcol, John Grant, Eladio Knipping, Mark Alexander, Rob Schurhoff, David Young, Jaegun Jung, Tejas Shah, Greg Yarwood
U.S.-wide air quality impacts of electrifying vehicles and off-road equipment are estimated for 2030 using 3-D photochemical air quality model and detailed emissions inventories. Electrification reduces tailpipe emissions and emissions from petroleum refining, transport, and storage, but increases electricity demand. The Electrification Case assumes approximately 17% of light duty and 8% of heavy duty vehicle miles traveled and from 17% to 79% of various off-road equipment types considered good candidates for electrification is powered by electricity...
February 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220985/the-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-concern-inventory-%C3%A2-patient-concerns-prevalence-dental-concerns-impact-and-relationships-of-concerns-with-quality-of-life-measures
#7
Maria L Aguilar, Pamela Sandow, John W Werning, Lia Brenneman, Walter J Psoter
PURPOSE: The Patient Concern Inventory(©) (PCI) is a clinical tool of self-reported patient concerns to be used by the clinician to structure the patient-oncologist visit. It was developed in the United Kingdom to address the issues of quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine the prevalence of PCI(©) items, the associations between PCI(©) items and QOL, and to explore the importance of oral/dental issues in the patient's well-being...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220804/impact-of-symptomatic-skeletal-events-on-health-care-resource-utilization-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-and-bone-metastases
#8
R McKay, B Haider, M S Duh, A Valderrama, M Nakabayashi, M Fiorillo, L Ristovska, L Wen, P Kantoff
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the impact of symptomatic skeletal events (SSEs) on health economics and patient-reported outcomes in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and bone metastases from a clinical setting are lacking. Hence, this study aimed to quantify the effects of SSEs on health-care resource utilization (HRU), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and pain in men with CRPC metastasized to bone. METHODS: This cohort study included men with CRPC and bone metastasis treated at a tertiary center during December 1996-July 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220301/evidence-that-higher-co2-increases-tree-growth-sensitivity-to-temperature-a-comparison-of-modern-and-paleo-oaks
#9
Steven L Voelker, Michael C Stambaugh, J Renée Brooks, Frederick C Meinzer, Barbara Lachenbruch, Richard P Guyette
To test tree growth sensitivity to temperature under different ambient CO2 concentrations, we determined stem radial growth rates as they relate to variation in temperature during the last deglacial period, and compare these to modern tree growth rates as they relate to spatial variation in temperature across the modern species distributional range. Paleo oaks were sampled from Northern Missouri, USA and compared to a pollen-based, high-resolution paleo temperature reconstruction from Northern Illinois, USA...
February 20, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219165/-the-pilot-study-of-type-%C3%A2-allergic-reaction-in-meniere-s-disease-patients
#10
T Pan, Y Zhao, Y J Ding, Z Y Lu, F R Ma
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between type Ⅰ allergic reaction and pathogenesis of Meniere's disease. Methods: A total of 35 (10 male vs. 25 female) patients aged between 21-66 years diagnosed with Meniere's disease were recruited to this study, mean age of them was (47.3±13.6) years. The control group consisted of 15 inpatients (5 male vs. 10 female) with pharyngolaryngeal diseases but without otologic and rhinologic abnormity, mean age was 45.4±12.8 years. Allergic prevalence, serous total immunoglobulin E( tIgE ) levels, serous specific immunoglobulin E( sIgE ) levels and subtypes of T lymphocytes were measured and compared in patients with Meniere's disease and the control group...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219028/identifying-women-at-risk-for-sustained-postpartum-anxiety
#11
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Kobra Falah-Hassani, Flavia Casasanta Marini, Simone N Vigod
INTRODUCTION: To describe the prevalence of sustained postpartum anxiety and to develop a multifactorial predictive model to assist in targeted screening procedures. METHODS: In a population-based cohort in a health region near Vancouver, Canada, 522 mothers completed a mailed questionnaire at 1, 4, and 8 weeks postpartum measuring socio-demographic, biological, pregnancy-related, life stressor, social support, obstetric, and maternal adjustment factors. We undertook a sequential logistic regression analysis to develop a multifactorial predictive model of sustained postpartum anxiety, as measured by a State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) score >40 at 1 week and/or 4 weeks, and 8 weeks postpartum...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218594/junior-investigators-thinking-about-quitting-research-a-survey
#12
Mary Ellen Stoykov, Kimberly A Skarupski, Kharma Foucher, Susan Chubinskaya
OBJECTIVE: Junior tenure-track faculty report high levels of stress and low satisfaction; the increasingly competitive funding environment compounds this discontent. We examined factors associated with junior investigators who were thinking about quitting research. METHOD: Data were collected as part of a program evaluation of an interdisciplinary research mentoring program in an academic medical center. RESULTS: Of the 62 mentees, 44 responded to the survey (71%)...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217596/distribution-of-abo-and-rh-types-in-voluntary-blood-donors-in-jharkhand-area-as-a-study-conducted-by-rims-ranchi
#13
Anu Singh, Ramesh Kumar Srivastava, Kabita S Deogharia, Kranti Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: This study was done to know the distribution and frequencies of blood groups among blood donors attending voluntary blood donation camps organized by the Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Ranchi, Jharkhand so that demand and supply ratio of the four blood groups can be maintained so that no patient dies due to lack of a particular blood group. CONTEXT: Up till now about 400 red cells antigen have been identified. The majority follow Mendelian inheritance...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215972/wind-turbine-blade-waste-in-2050
#14
Pu Liu, Claire Y Barlow
Wind energy has developed rapidly over the last two decades to become one of the most promising and economically viable sources of renewable energy. Although wind energy is claimed to provide clean renewable energy without any emissions during operation, but it is only one side of the coin. The blades, one of the most important components in the wind turbines, made with composite, are currently regarded as unrecyclable. With the first wave of early commercial wind turbine installations now approaching their end of life, the problem of blade disposal is just beginning to emerge as a significant factor for the future...
February 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215971/characterization-and-inventory-of-pbdd-f-emissions-from-deca-bde-polyethylene-pe-and-metal-blends-during-the-pyrolysis-process
#15
Jun Mei, Xiuji Wang, Xiao Xiao, Ying Cai, Yuhui Tang, Pei Chen
The thermal treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is regarded as the largest potential contributor to the environmental release of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs). Herein, the pyrolysis of decabromodiphenyl ether (deca-BDE), polyethylene (PE) and metal blends was conducted to investigate the emission characteristics of PBDD/Fs at different thermal treatment conditions. The total yield of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) was less than that of polybrominated dibenzofurans (PBDFs) during the pyrolysis of the PE matrix and metal blends...
February 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215899/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-cortical-metabolic-activity-associated-with-distinct-agitation-behaviors-in-alzheimer-disease
#16
Gali H Weissberger, Rebecca J Melrose, Theresa A Narvaez, Dylan Harwood, Mark A Mandelkern, David L Sultzer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the neurobiologic correlates of two distinct clusters of agitation symptoms to identify the unique biologic substrates underlying agitated behaviors. METHODS: Eighty-eight outpatients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) were recruited from the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System Geropsychiatry Outpatient Program. A cross-sectional investigation was conducted of the relationship between cerebral glucose metabolism measured via (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and agitated symptoms from the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) in patients with AD...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215469/depression-and-implicit-emotion-processing-an-eeg-study
#17
Andrey V Bocharov, Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov
OBJECTIVES: Depression is one of the most prevalent mental illnesses and is associated with changes in emotion processing. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of depressive symptoms on EEG oscillatory dynamics accompanying implicit processing of angry and happy facial expressions in 46 healthy subjects. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory was used to assess the presence of depressive symptoms in normal subjects. During the experiment, they were told to categorize the gender of angry, neutral, or happy faces presented to them, while high-resolution EEG was recorded...
February 16, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215324/bacillus-probiotic-enzymes-external-auxiliary-apparatus-to-avoid-digestive-deficiencies-water-pollution-diseases-and-economic-problems-in-marine-cultivated-animals
#18
Jorge Olmos Soto
Exploitation of marine fishes is the main source of several life-supporting feed compounds such as proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates that maintain the production of most trading marine organisms by aquaculture. However, at this rate the marine inventory will go to the end soon, since fishery resources are finite. In this sense, the availability of the principal ingredients obtained from marine fishes is going to decrease considerably, increasing the diet prices and affecting the economy of this activity. Therefore, aquaculture industry needs to find nonexpensive land unconventional resources of protein, carbohydrates, and lipids and use bacterial probiotics to improve digestion-assimilation of these unfamiliar compounds...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215250/prevalence-and-quality-of-life-and-sleep-in-children-and-adolescents-with-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease
#19
Heidi Haueisen Sander, Alan Luiz Eckeli, Afonso Diniz Costa Passos, Leila Azevedo, Lucila Bizari Fernandes do Prado, Regina Maria França Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) and its impact on sleep and quality of life in children and adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the Municipality of Cássia dos Coqueiros, Brazil. Participants included 383 children and adolescents 5-17 years of age. A comparison group was randomly matched by gender and age with the RLS/WED-affected individuals, pairing one by one. RESULTS: Interviews were conducted for 383 individuals by a neurologist experienced in sleep medicine...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215246/regional-gray-matter-changes-in-shift-workers-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#20
Jung Bin Kim, Ji Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Previous neuroimaging studies have shown subtle structural changes of the brain in various sleep disorders, suggesting detrimental effects of disrupted sleep-wake cycle on brain structures. We aimed to identify structural changes in shift workers relative to day workers. We hypothesized that brain structures belonging to sleep-wake modulation may be altered in shift workers. METHODS: Nineteen male shift workers (median age, 21 years) and 19 male day workers (median age, 21 years) voluntarily participated in the current study...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
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