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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236040/impacts-of-the-2015-heat-waves-on-mortality-in-the-czech-republic-a-comparison-with-previous-heat-waves
#1
Aleš Urban, Hana Hanzlíková, Jan Kyselý, Eva Plavcová
This study aimed to assess the impacts of heat waves during the summer of 2015 on mortality in the Czech Republic and to compare them with those of heat waves back to the previous record-breaking summer of 1994. We analyzed daily natural-cause mortality across the country's entire population. A mortality baseline was determined using generalized additive models adjusted for long-term trends, seasonal and weekly cycles, and identified heat waves. Mortality deviations from the baseline were calculated to quantify excess mortality during heat waves, defined as periods of at least three consecutive days with mean daily temperature higher than the 95th percentile of annual distribution...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223078/impact-on-mortality-of-biomass-combustion-from-wildfires-in-spain-a-regional-analysis
#2
C Linares, R Carmona, P Salvador, J Díaz
Studies that analyse the impact on mortality of particulate matter (PM) produced by biomass combustion from wildfires mostly focus on a single city or on cities in different countries, with very few concentrating on one country as a whole. Accordingly, the aim of this paper was to analyse the impact that PM has on daily mortality in Spain on days with biomass combustion from wildfires. To analyse natural PM advections the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing, Food & Environment divides Spain into 9 geographical regions...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220799/accounting-for-adaptation-and-intensity-in-projecting-heat-wave-related-mortality
#3
Yan Wang, Francesco Nordio, John Nairn, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: How adaptation and intensity of heat waves affect heat wave-related mortality is unclear, making health projections difficult. METHODS: We estimated the effect of heat waves, the effect of the intensity of heat waves, and adaptation on mortality in 209 U.S. cities with 168 million people during 1962-2006. We improved the standard time-series models by incorporating the intensity of heat waves using excess heat factor (EHF) and estimating adaptation empirically using interactions with yearly mean summer temperature (MST)...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219103/climate-change-impacts-on-human-health-over-europe-through-its-effect-on-air-quality
#4
REVIEW
Ruth M Doherty, Mathew R Heal, Fiona M O'Connor
This review examines the current literature on the effects of future emissions and climate change on particulate matter (PM) and O3 air quality and on the consequent health impacts, with a focus on Europe. There is considerable literature on the effects of climate change on O3 but fewer studies on the effects of climate change on PM concentrations. Under the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th assessment report (AR5) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs), background O3 entering Europe is expected to decrease under most scenarios due to higher water vapour concentrations in a warmer climate...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219088/the-health-effects-of-hotter-summers-and-heat-waves-in-the-population-of-the-united-kingdom-a-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Katherine G Arbuthnott, Shakoor Hajat
It is widely acknowledged that the climate is warming globally and within the UK. In this paper, studies which assess the direct impact of current increased temperatures and heat-waves on health and those which project future health impacts of heat under different climate change scenarios in the UK are reviewed.This review finds that all UK studies demonstrate an increase in heat-related mortality occurring at temperatures above threshold values, with respiratory deaths being more sensitive to heat than deaths from cardiovascular disease (although the burden from cardiovascular deaths is greater in absolute terms)...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202078/global-climate-change-impact-of-heat-waves-under-different-definitions-on-daily-mortality-in-wuhan-china
#6
Yunquan Zhang, Renjie Feng, Ran Wu, Peirong Zhong, Xiaodong Tan, Kai Wu, Lu Ma
Background: There was no consistent definition for heat wave worldwide, while a limited number of studies have compared the mortality effect of heat wave as defined differently. This paper aimed to provide epidemiological evidence for policy makers to determine the most appropriate definition for local heat wave warning systems. Methods: We developed 45 heat wave definitions (HWs) combining temperature indicators and temperature thresholds with durations. We then assessed the impact of heat waves under various definitions on non-accidental mortality in hot season (May-September) in Wuhan, China during 2003-2010...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148657/a-comparison-of-heat-wave-response-plans-from-an-aged-care-facility-perspective
#7
Benjamin Okwuofu-Thomas, Paul J Beggs, Ross J MacKenzie
Heat waves result in significant excess mortality, particularly amongst elderly people. This article examines selected heat wave response plans at national, state/provincial, and municipal levels, with a particular focus on specific responses aimed at residents of aged care facilities. We sourced heat wave response plans from several countries that are experiencing a demographic transition that features a growing aging population. We collected a total of 23 heat wave response plans; most of those plans were from Australia, with only three plans each available from Canada and the UK, and only two available from the U...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143880/effects-of-heat-waves-on-daily-excess-mortality-in-14-korean-cities-during-the-past-20%C3%A2-years-1991-2010-an-application-of-the-spatial-synoptic-classification-approach
#8
Dae-Geun Lee, Kyu Rang Kim, Jiyoung Kim, Baek-Jo Kim, Chun-Ho Cho, Scott C Sheridan, Laurence S Kalkstein, Ho Kim, Seung-Muk Yi
The aims of this study are to explore the "offensive" summer weather types classified under the spatial synoptic classification (SSC) system and to evaluate their impacts on excess mortality in 14 Korean cities. All-cause deaths per day for the entire population were examined over the summer months (May-September) of 1991-2010. Daily deaths were standardized to account for long-term trends of subcycles (annual, seasonal, and weekly) at the mid-latitudes. In addition, a mortality prediction model was constructed through multiple stepwise regression to develop a heat-health warning system based on synoptic climatology...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116624/the-concomitant-use-of-diuretics-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-triple-whammy-extreme-heat-and-in-hospital-acute-kidney-injury-in-older-medical-patients
#9
Arduino A Mangoni, Feruza Kholmurodova, Lidia Mayner, Paul Hakendorf, Richard J Woodman
INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether the concomitant use of diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (triple whammy, TW) predicts in-hospital acute kidney injury (AKI) and whether admission during recorded periods of extreme heat influences this association. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on patient characteristics and use of TW/non-TW drugs on admission, AKI (increase in serum creatinine ≥ 27 µmol/l either within the first 48 h of admission or throughout hospitalization, primary outcome), length of stay (LOS), and mortality (secondary outcomes) in medical patients ≥65 years admitted (1) during five consecutive heat waves (HWs) between 2007 and 2009 (n = 382) or (2) either before or after each HW, matched for HW period, age, and admission day of the week (non-HW, controls, n = 1339)...
November 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072939/the-need-for-climate-and-health-education
#10
Jeffrey Shaman, Kim Knowlton
With the increasing understanding that climate change is already affecting and will continue to affect human health,(1,2) health professionals, governments, businesses, and the general public must proactively address both climate change and its implications for public health. The observed and anticipated effects of climate change on human health are myriad and will affect both the vulnerable and the broader public. Examples of direct effects include overall elevated temperatures that generally exacerbate chronic disease morbidity and mortality and changing patterns and increased frequency of heat waves that lead to more acute heat stress-related morbidity and mortality...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057127/heat-stroke-a-medical-emergency-appearing-in-new-regions
#11
Sofie Søndergaard Mørch, Johnny Dohn Holmgren Andersen, Morten Heiberg Bestle
Heat stroke is an acute, life-threatening emergency characterized clinically by elevated body temperature and central nervous system dysfunction. Early recognition and treatment including aggressive cooling and management of life-threatening systemic complications are essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. This case report describes two Danish patients diagnosed with heat stroke syndrome during a heat wave in the summer of 2014. Both patients were morbidly obese and had several predisposing illnesses...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055521/mortality-during-heatwaves-2003-2015-in-frankfurt-main-the-2003-heatwave-and-its-implications
#12
Katrin Steul, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Heatwaves have always occurred, but they are expected to intensify in frequency, duration and intensity due to climate change. Germany (like most European countries) experienced a distinct heatwave in 2003. Afterwards local heat health action plans (HHAP) were implemented in numerous regions (for example in Hesse). This analysis was designed to compare the heat wave of 2003 with the following ones in 2006, 2010 and 2015. We discuss whether measures from the Hessian HHAP were effective in reducing mortality and identify specific characteristics of the 2003 heatwave which did not allow direct comparison...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028682/current-and-projected-burden-of-disease-from-high-ambient-temperature-in-korea
#13
Soo Eun Chung, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Jae-Hyun Park, Jong-Hun Kim, Hyunjin Han
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the current and projected burden of disease from high ambient temperature using population-based data sources of nationwide mortality and morbidity in Korea. METHODS: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) were estimated using noninjury-related deaths, and cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases from recently released nationwide health and mortality databases. Years of life lost and years lost due to disability were measured based on the point prevalence and number of deaths during the study period...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969426/spatial-variability-in-threshold-temperatures-of-heat-wave-mortality-impact-assessment-on-prevention-plans
#14
R Carmona, C Linares, C Ortiz, I J Mirón, M Y Luna, J Díaz
Spain's current heat wave prevention plans are activated according to administrative areas. This study analyses the determination of threshold temperatures for triggering prevention-plan activation by reference to isoclimatic areas, and describes the public health benefits. We subdivided the study area - the Madrid Autonomous Region (MAR) - into three, distinct, isoclimatic areas: 'North', 'Central' and 'South', and grouped daily natural-cause mortality (ICD-10: A00-R99) in towns of over 10,000 inhabitants (2000-2009 period) accordingly...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946962/high-temperatures-and-nephrology-the-climate-change-problem
#15
Alberto de Lorenzo, Fernando Liaño
It is well known that climate change greatly affects human health, even though there are few studies on renal outcomes. Heat waves have been found to increase cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality, as well as the risk of acute renal failure and hospitalisation due to renal diseases, with related mortality. Recurrent dehydration in people regularly exposed to high temperatures seems to be resulting in an unrecognised cause of proteinuric chronic kidney disease, the underlying pathophysiological mechanism of which is becoming better understood...
September 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914171/exploring-the-effects-of-high-temperature-on-mortality-in-four-cities-in-the-philippines-using-various-heat-wave-definitions-in-different-mortality-subgroups
#16
Xerxes T Seposo, Tran Ngoc Dang, Yasushi Honda
BACKGROUND: Sustained high temperatures, specifically heat waves (HW), increase the risk of dying, especially among risk populations, which are highly vulnerable to its additional effect. In developing countries, there are only a few studies which focused on the magnitude of the risks attributed to HWs. OBJECTIVES: This study explored the HW effects using 15 HW definitions through the combination of duration (> 2, > 4, and > 7 consecutive days) and intensity (at the ≥ 90th, ≥ 95th, ≥ 97th, ≥ 98th, and ≥ 99th temperature percentiles)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886602/heat-wave-and-mortality-a-multicountry-multicommunity-study
#17
Yuming Guo, Antonio Gasparrini, Ben G Armstrong, Benjawan Tawatsupa, Aurelio Tobias, Eric Lavigne, Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coelho, Xiaochuan Pan, Ho Kim, Masahiro Hashizume, Yasushi Honda, Yue-Liang Leon Guo, Chang-Fu Wu, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel D Schwartz, Michelle L Bell, Matteo Scortichini, Paola Michelozzi, Kornwipa Punnasiri, Shanshan Li, Linwei Tian, Samuel David Osorio Garcia, Xerxes Seposo, Ala Overcenco, Ariana Zeka, Patrick Goodman, Tran Ngoc Dang, Do Van Dung, Fatemeh Mayvaneh, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Gail Williams, Shilu Tong
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined variation in the associations between heat waves and mortality in an international context. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to systematically examine the impacts of heat waves on mortality with lag effects internationally. METHODS: We collected daily data of temperature and mortality from 400 communities in 18 countries/regions and defined 12 types of heat waves by combining community-specific daily mean temperature ≥90th, 92...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864962/heat-stress-mortality-and-desired-adaptation-responses-of-healthcare-system-in-poland
#18
Anna Błażejczyk, Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Jarosław Baranowski, Magdalena Kuchcik
Heat stress is one of the environmental factors influencing the health of individuals and the wider population. There is a large body of research to document significant increases in mortality and morbidity during heat waves all over the world. This paper presents key results of research dealing with heat-related mortality (HRM) in various cities in Poland which cover about 25% of the country's population. Daily mortality and weather data reports for the years 1991-2000 were used. The intensity of heat stress was assessed by the universal thermal climate index (UTCI)...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842961/high-nymphal-host-density-and-mortality-negatively-impact-parasitoid-complex-during-an-insect-herbivore-outbreak
#19
Aidan A G Hall, Scott N Johnson, James M Cook, Markus Riegler
Insect herbivore outbreaks frequently occur and this may be due to factors that restrict top-down control by parasitoids, for example, host-parasitoid asynchrony, hyperparasitisation, resource limitation and climate. Few studies have examined host-parasitoid density relationships during an insect herbivore outbreak in a natural ecosystem with diverse parasitoids. We studied parasitisation patterns of Cardiaspina psyllids during an outbreak in a Eucalyptus woodland. First, we established the trophic roles of the parasitoids through a species-specific multiplex PCR approach on mummies from which parasitoids emerged...
August 26, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796021/psychotropics-environmental-temperature-and-hospital-outcomes-in-older-medical-patients
#20
Arduino A Mangoni, Feruza Kholmurodova, Lidia Mayner, Paul Hakendorf, Richard J Woodman
PURPOSE: The authors investigated whether the use of psychotropics and environmental temperature on admission influence hospital length of stay (LOS) and mortality in older medical patients. METHODS: Clinical and demographic characteristics, Charlson Comorbidity Index, use of psychotropic and nonpsychotropic drugs, hospital LOS, and mortality were retrospectively collected in medical patients 65 years and older (n = 382) admitted to a metropolitan teaching hospital during 5 consecutive heat waves (HWs) between 2007 and 2009...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
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