keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

heat wave mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914171/exploring-the-effects-of-high-temperature-on-mortality-in-four-cities-in-the-philippines-using-various-heat-wave-definitions-in-different-mortality-subgroups
#1
Xerxes T Seposo, Tran Ngoc Dang, Yasushi Honda
BACKGROUND: Sustained high temperatures, specifically heat waves (HW), increase the risk of dying, especially among risk populations, which are highly vulnerable to its additional effect. In developing countries, there are only a few studies which focused on the magnitude of the risks attributed to HWs. OBJECTIVES: This study explored the HW effects using 15 HW definitions through the combination of duration (> 2, > 4, and > 7 consecutive days) and intensity (at the ≥ 90th, ≥ 95th, ≥ 97th, ≥ 98th, and ≥ 99th temperature percentiles)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886602/heat-wave-and-mortality-a-multicountry-multicommunity-study
#2
Yuming Guo, Antonio Gasparrini, Ben G Armstrong, Benjawan Tawatsupa, Aurelio Tobias, Eric Lavigne, Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coelho, Xiaochuan Pan, Ho Kim, Masahiro Hashizume, Yasushi Honda, Yue-Liang Leon Guo, Chang-Fu Wu, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel D Schwartz, Michelle L Bell, Matteo Scortichini, Paola Michelozzi, Kornwipa Punnasiri, Shanshan Li, Linwei Tian, Samuel David Osorio Garcia, Xerxes Seposo, Ala Overcenco, Ariana Zeka, Patrick Goodman, Tran Ngoc Dang, Do Van Dung, Fatemeh Mayvaneh, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Gail Williams, Shilu Tong
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined variation in the associations between heat waves and mortality in an international context. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to systematically examine the impacts of heat waves on mortality with lag effects internationally. METHODS: We collected daily data of temperature and mortality from 400 communities in 18 countries/regions and defined 12 types of heat waves by combining community-specific daily mean temperature ≥90th, 92...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864962/heat-stress-mortality-and-desired-adaptation-responses-of-healthcare-system-in-poland
#3
Anna Błażejczyk, Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Jarosław Baranowski, Magdalena Kuchcik
Heat stress is one of the environmental factors influencing the health of individuals and the wider population. There is a large body of research to document significant increases in mortality and morbidity during heat waves all over the world. This paper presents key results of research dealing with heat-related mortality (HRM) in various cities in Poland which cover about 25% of the country's population. Daily mortality and weather data reports for the years 1991-2000 were used. The intensity of heat stress was assessed by the universal thermal climate index (UTCI)...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842961/high-nymphal-host-density-and-mortality-negatively-impact-parasitoid-complex-during-an-insect-herbivore-outbreak
#4
Aidan A G Hall, Scott N Johnson, James M Cook, Markus Riegler
Insect herbivore outbreaks frequently occur and this may be due to factors that restrict top-down control by parasitoids, for example, host-parasitoid asynchrony, hyperparasitisation, resource limitation and climate. Few studies have examined host-parasitoid density relationships during an insect herbivore outbreak in a natural ecosystem with diverse parasitoids. We studied parasitisation patterns of Cardiaspina psyllids during an outbreak in a Eucalyptus woodland. First, we established the trophic roles of the parasitoids through a species-specific multiplex PCR approach on mummies from which parasitoids emerged...
August 26, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796021/psychotropics-environmental-temperature-and-hospital-outcomes-in-older-medical-patients
#5
Arduino A Mangoni, Feruza Kholmurodova, Lidia Mayner, Paul Hakendorf, Richard J Woodman
PURPOSE: The authors investigated whether the use of psychotropics and environmental temperature on admission influence hospital length of stay (LOS) and mortality in older medical patients. METHODS: Clinical and demographic characteristics, Charlson Comorbidity Index, use of psychotropic and nonpsychotropic drugs, hospital LOS, and mortality were retrospectively collected in medical patients 65 years and older (n = 382) admitted to a metropolitan teaching hospital during 5 consecutive heat waves (HWs) between 2007 and 2009...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735445/characterizing-prolonged-heat-effects-on-mortality-in-a-sub-tropical-high-density-city-hong-kong
#6
Hung Chak Ho, Kevin Ka-Lun Lau, Chao Ren, Edward Ng
Extreme hot weather events are likely to increase under future climate change, and it is exacerbated in urban areas due to the complex urban settings. It causes excess mortality due to prolonged exposure to such extreme heat. However, there is lack of universal definition of prolonged heat or heat wave, which leads to inadequacies of associated risk preparedness. Previous studies focused on estimating temperature-mortality relationship based on temperature thresholds for assessing heat-related health risks but only several studies investigated the association between types of prolonged heat and excess mortality...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718257/risk-factors-for-heat-related-deaths-during-the-june-2015-heat-wave-in-karachi-pakistan
#7
Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Tehreem Ansari, Ashraf Shamshad Ali, Sara Fatima, Mariam Hassan Rizvi, Muhammad Abdul Samad
BACKGROUND: Mortality as a consequence of heat related illness is a public health concern. Emergency department (ED) experiences increased patients' flow and decreased survival as a consequence of heat stroke during the episodes of heat wave. The present study was conducted to identify the risk factors for mortality among victims of heat wave (17th - 23rd June), 2015 evaluated in the Emergency Department of The Indus Hospital (TIH), Karachi. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data was retrospectively collected...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696268/personalizing-risk-stratification-for-sudden-death-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-the-past-present-and-future
#8
REVIEW
Brian P Halliday, John G F Cleland, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Sanjay K Prasad
Results from the DANISH Study (Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of ICDs in Patients With Non-Ischemic Systolic Heat Failure on Mortality) suggest that for many patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), implantable cardioverter-defibrillators do not increase longevity. Accurate identification of patients who are more likely to die of an arrhythmia and less likely to die of other causes is required to ensure improvement in outcomes and wise use of resources. Until now, left ventricular ejection fraction has been used as a key criterion for selecting patients with DCM for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for primary prevention purposes...
July 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686743/the-use-of-climate-information-to-estimate-future-mortality-from-high-ambient-temperature-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Michael Sanderson, Katherine Arbuthnott, Sari Kovats, Shakoor Hajat, Pete Falloon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Heat related mortality is of great concern for public health, and estimates of future mortality under a warming climate are important for planning of resources and possible adaptation measures. Papers providing projections of future heat-related mortality were critically reviewed with a focus on the use of climate model data. Some best practice guidelines are proposed for future research. METHODS: The electronic databases Web of Science and PubMed/Medline were searched for papers containing a quantitative estimate of future heat-related mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680047/temporal-variation-in-associations-between-temperature-and-years-of-life-lost-in-a-southern-china-city-with-typical-subtropical-climate
#10
Guoxing Li, Jing Huang, Guozhang Xu, Xiaochuan Pan, Xujun Qian, Jiaying Xu, Yan Zhao, Tao Zhang, Qichen Liu, Xinbiao Guo, Tianfeng He
Though some studies have explored the association between temperature and years of life lost (YLL), limited evidence is available regarding the effect of temporal variation on the temperature-YLL relationship, especially in developing countries. We explored temporal variation in the associations between temperature and YLL before and after 2013 heat waves (period I: Jan 2008 to Sep 2013, period II: Oct 2013 to Dec 2015) in Ningbo, a southern China city with typical subtropical climate. The heat associations showed an increasing trend...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668596/testing-the-time-scale-dependence-of-delayed-interactions-a-heat-wave-during-the-egg-stage-shapes-how-a-pesticide-interacts-with-a-successive-heat-wave-in-the-larval-stage
#11
Lizanne Janssens, Nedim Tüzün, Robby Stoks
Under global change organisms are exposed to multiple, potentially interacting stressors. Especially interactions between successive stressors are poorly understood and recently suggested to depend on their timing of exposure. We particularly need studies assessing the impact of exposure to relevant stressors at various life stages and how these interact. We investigated the single and combined impacts of a heat wave (mild [25 °C] and extreme [30 °C]) during the egg stage, followed by successive exposure to esfenvalerate (ESF) and a heat wave during the larval stage in damselflies...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644983/future-heat-waves-due-to-climate-change-threaten-the-survival-of-posidonia%C3%A2-oceanica-seedlings
#12
Laura Guerrero-Meseguer, Arnaldo Marín, Carlos Sanz-Lázaro
Extreme weather events are major drivers of ecological change, and their occurrence is likely to increase due to climate change. The transient increases in atmospheric temperatures are leading to a greater occurrence of heat waves, extreme events that can produce a substantial warming of water, especially in enclosed basins such as the Mediterranean Sea. Here, we tested the effects of current and predicted heat waves on the early stages of development of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Temperatures above 27 °C limited the growth of the plant by inhibiting its photosynthetic system...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630921/increasing-probability-of-mortality-during-indian-heat-waves
#13
Omid Mazdiyasni, Amir AghaKouchak, Steven J Davis, Shahrbanou Madadgar, Ali Mehran, Elisa Ragno, Mojtaba Sadegh, Ashmita Sengupta, Subimal Ghosh, C T Dhanya, Mohsen Niknejad
Rising global temperatures are causing increases in the frequency and severity of extreme climatic events, such as floods, droughts, and heat waves. We analyze changes in summer temperatures, the frequency, severity, and duration of heat waves, and heat-related mortality in India between 1960 and 2009 using data from the India Meteorological Department. Mean temperatures across India have risen by more than 0.5°C over this period, with statistically significant increases in heat waves. Using a novel probabilistic model, we further show that the increase in summer mean temperatures in India over this period corresponds to a 146% increase in the probability of heat-related mortality events of more than 100 people...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591871/-relevance-of-heat-health-actions-plans-for-preventive-public-health-in-germany
#14
Birgit Zielo, Andreas Matzarakis
Background Heat waves are among the extreme weather events and represent a growing health hazard for the population in Europe. According to the current climate studies, the probability of an increase and intensification of heat waves has been increasing for years. Particularly affected by exposure to unusually high heat are people whose organism is already weakened by age or illness. As the share of senior citizens in Germany continues to rise as a result of demographic change, the health effects of heat waves are gaining in importance...
June 7, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491321/thermotolerance-capacities-of-native-and-exotic-coastal-plants-will-lead-to-changes-in-species-composition-under-increased-heat-waves
#15
Kris French, Sharon A Robinson, Jodie Lia
With an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme heat events, plants are likely to reach their thermal limits and show slower growth or increased mortality. We investigated differences amongst coastal native and invasive shrubs and grasses to investigate if particular species might be more at risk in the future. Using an ecologically relevant experimental set of heat waves over a month, we assessed changes in biomass and photosynthetic efficiency in a laboratory setting using 25 coastal Australian species divided into native and exotic shrubs, and native and exotic grasses...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468072/-impact-of-daily-mean-temperature-cold-spells-and-heat-waves-on-stroke-mortality-a-multivariable-meta-analysis-from-12-counties-of-hubei-province-china
#16
Y Q Zhang, C H Yu, J Z Bao
Objective: To assess the acute effects of daily mean temperature, cold spells, and heat waves on stroke mortality in 12 counties across Hubei province, China. Methods: Data related to daily mortality from stroke and meteorology in 12 counties across Hubei province during 2009-2012, were gathered. Distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) was first used, to estimate the county-specific associations between daily mean temperature, cold spells, heat waves and stroke mortality. Multivariate Meta-analysis was then applied to pool the community-specific relationships between temperature and stroke mortality (exposure-response relationship) as well as both cold- and- heat-associated risks on mortality at different lag days (lag-response relationship)...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465307/the-impact-of-temperature-extremes-on-mortality-a-time-series-study-in-jinan-china
#17
Jing Han, Shouqin Liu, Jun Zhang, Lin Zhou, Qiaoling Fang, Ji Zhang, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between temperature extremes and daily number of deaths in Jinan, a temperate city in northern China. METHODS: Data ondaily number of deaths and meteorological variables over the period of 2011-2014 were collected. Cold spells or heat waves were defined as ≥3 consecutive days with mean temperature ≤5th percentile or ≥95th percentile, respectively. We applied a time-series adjusted Poisson regression to assess the effects of extreme temperature on deaths...
May 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464106/breeding-and-genetics-symposium-breeding-heat-tolerant-dairy-cattle-the-case-for-introgression-of-the-slick-prolactin-receptor-variant-into-dairy-breeds
#18
S R Davis, R J Spelman, M D Littlejohn
Increasing environmental temperatures are a threat to the sustainability of livestock production and, because of the high metabolic demands of lactation, to dairy production in particular. Summer heat waves in temperate climates reduce feed intake, milk production, and cow comfort. In extreme heat events, there is an increase in cow mortality. In tropical climates, dairy cattle are mostly (zebu) type or zebu crossbred with temperate dairy breeds. Crossbreeding is undertaken to combine the heat tolerance and tick resistance of zebu with the productivity of temperate dairy breeds...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421177/variation-in-population-vulnerability-to-heat-wave-in-western-australia
#19
Jianguo Xiao, Tony Spicer, Le Jian, Grace Yajuan Yun, Changying Shao, John Nairn, Robert J B Fawcett, Andrew Robertson, Tarun Stephen Weeramanthri
Heat waves (HWs) have killed more people in Australia than all other natural hazards combined. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency, duration, and intensity of HWs and leads to a doubling of heat-related deaths over the next 40 years. Despite being a significant public health issue, HWs do not attract the same level of attention from researchers, policy makers, and emergency management agencies compared to other natural hazards. The purpose of the study was to identify risk factors that might lead to population vulnerability to HW in Western Australia (WA)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388909/hospitalizations-for-heat-stress-illness-varies-between-rural-and-urban-areas-an-analysis-of-illinois-data-1987-2014
#20
Jyotsna S Jagai, Elena Grossman, Livia Navon, Apostolis Sambanis, Samuel Dorevitch
BACKGROUND: The disease burden due to heat-stress illness (HSI), which can result in significant morbidity and mortality, is expected to increase as the climate continues to warm. In the United States (U.S.) much of what is known about HSI epidemiology is from analyses of urban heat waves. There is limited research addressing whether HSI hospitalization risk varies between urban and rural areas, nor is much known about additional diagnoses of patients hospitalized for HSI. METHODS: Hospitalizations in Illinois for HSI (ICD-9-CM codes 992...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
keyword
keyword
112016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"