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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751981/temporal-variation-in-the-effect-of-heat-and-the-role-of-the-italian-heat-prevention-plan
#1
F de'Donato, M Scortichini, M De Sario, A de Martino, P Michelozzi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the article is to evaluate the temporal change in the effect of heat on mortality in Italy in the last 12 years after the introduction of the national heat plan. STUDY DESIGN: Time series analysis. METHODS: Distributed lag non-linear models were used to estimate the association between maximum apparent temperature and mortality in 23 Italian cities included in the national heat plan in four study periods (before the introduction of the heat plan and three periods after the plan was in place between 2005 and 2016)...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695135/general-practitioners-perceptions-of-heat-health-impacts-on-the-elderly-in-the-face-of-climate-change-a-qualitative-study-in-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-germany
#2
Alina Herrmann, Rainer Sauerborn
Heat health impacts (HHI) on the elderly are a growing concern in the face of climate change and aging populations. General practitioners (GPs) have an important role in health care for the elderly. To inform the development of effective prevention measures, it is important to investigate GPs’ perceptions of HHI. Twenty four qualitative expert interviews were conducted with GPs and analyzed using the framework approach. GPs were generally aware of heat health impacts, focusing on cardiovascular morbidity and volume imbalances...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679776/temporal-changes-in-mortality-impacts-of-heat-wave-and-cold-spell-in-korea-and-japan
#3
Whanhee Lee, Hayon Michelle Choi, Jae Young Lee, Da Hye Kim, Yasushi Honda, Ho Kim
Investigating how well people adapt to heat waves and cold spells has been an important issue under climate change. Also, most of previous studies focused only on the mortality risks for heat waves or cold spells for certain time period not considering its temporal changes and increasing frequencies. This study investigated the change in risks of mortality from heat waves and cold spells over time, and estimated the temporal changes in mortality burden attributed to heat waves and cold spells in Korea and Japan...
April 18, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562755/the-temperature-mortality-relationship-an-analysis-from-31-chinese-provincial-capital-cities
#4
Guijie Luan, Peng Yin, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou
We aim to explore the Minimum Mortality Temperature (MMT) of different cities and regions, and that provides evidence for developing reasonable heat wave definition in China. The death data of 31 Chinese provincial capital cities from seven geographical regions during 2008-2013 was included in this study. In the first stage, a DLNM (Distributed Lag Non-linear Model) was used to estimate the association between mean temperature and mortality in a single city, then we pooled them with a multivariate meta-analysis to estimate the region-specific effects...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428173/medical-diagnoses-of-heat-wave-related-hospital-admissions-in-older-adults
#5
Stephanie Hopp, Francesca Dominici, Jennifer F Bobb
Heat waves have been associated with adverse human health effects, including higher rates of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and these health effects may be exacerbated under continued climate change. However, specific causes of hospitalizations associated with heat waves have not been characterized on a national scale. We systematically estimated the risks of cause-specific hospitalizations during heat waves in a national cohort of 23.7 million Medicare enrollees residing in 1943 U.S. counties during 1999-2010...
May 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420657/ecological-traps-in-shallow-coastal-waters-potential-effect-of-heat-waves-in-tropical-and-temperate-organisms
#6
Catarina Vinagre, Vanessa Mendonça, Rui Cereja, Francisca Abreu-Afonso, Marta Dias, Damián Mizrahi, Augusto A V Flores
Mortality of fish has been reported in tide pools during warm days. That means that tide pools are potential ecological traps for coastal organisms, which happen when environmental changes cause maladaptive habitat selection. Heat-waves are predicted to increase in intensity, duration and frequency, making it relevant to investigate the role of tide pools as traps for coastal organisms. However, heat waves can also lead to acclimatization. If organisms undergo acclimatization prior to being trapped in tide pools, their survival chances may increase...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236040/impacts-of-the-2015-heat-waves-on-mortality-in-the-czech-republic-a-comparison-with-previous-heat-waves
#7
Aleš Urban, Hana Hanzlíková, Jan Kyselý, Eva Plavcová
This study aimed to assess the impacts of heat waves during the summer of 2015 on mortality in the Czech Republic and to compare them with those of heat waves back to the previous record-breaking summer of 1994. We analyzed daily natural-cause mortality across the country's entire population. A mortality baseline was determined using generalized additive models adjusted for long-term trends, seasonal and weekly cycles, and identified heat waves. Mortality deviations from the baseline were calculated to quantify excess mortality during heat waves, defined as periods of at least three consecutive days with mean daily temperature higher than the 95th percentile of annual distribution...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223078/impact-on-mortality-of-biomass-combustion-from-wildfires-in-spain-a-regional-analysis
#8
C Linares, R Carmona, P Salvador, J Díaz
Studies that analyse the impact on mortality of particulate matter (PM) produced by biomass combustion from wildfires mostly focus on a single city or on cities in different countries, with very few concentrating on one country as a whole. Accordingly, the aim of this paper was to analyse the impact that PM has on daily mortality in Spain on days with biomass combustion from wildfires. To analyse natural PM advections the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing, Food & Environment divides Spain into 9 geographical regions...
May 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220799/accounting-for-adaptation-and-intensity-in-projecting-heat-wave-related-mortality
#9
Yan Wang, Francesco Nordio, John Nairn, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: How adaptation and intensity of heat waves affect heat wave-related mortality is unclear, making health projections difficult. METHODS: We estimated the effect of heat waves, the effect of the intensity of heat waves, and adaptation on mortality in 209 U.S. cities with 168 million people during 1962-2006. We improved the standard time-series models by incorporating the intensity of heat waves using excess heat factor (EHF) and estimating adaptation empirically using interactions with yearly mean summer temperature (MST)...
February 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219103/climate-change-impacts-on-human-health-over-europe-through-its-effect-on-air-quality
#10
REVIEW
Ruth M Doherty, Mathew R Heal, Fiona M O'Connor
This review examines the current literature on the effects of future emissions and climate change on particulate matter (PM) and O3 air quality and on the consequent health impacts, with a focus on Europe. There is considerable literature on the effects of climate change on O3 but fewer studies on the effects of climate change on PM concentrations. Under the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th assessment report (AR5) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs), background O3 entering Europe is expected to decrease under most scenarios due to higher water vapour concentrations in a warmer climate...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219088/the-health-effects-of-hotter-summers-and-heat-waves-in-the-population-of-the-united-kingdom-a-review-of-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Katherine G Arbuthnott, Shakoor Hajat
It is widely acknowledged that the climate is warming globally and within the UK. In this paper, studies which assess the direct impact of current increased temperatures and heat-waves on health and those which project future health impacts of heat under different climate change scenarios in the UK are reviewed.This review finds that all UK studies demonstrate an increase in heat-related mortality occurring at temperatures above threshold values, with respiratory deaths being more sensitive to heat than deaths from cardiovascular disease (although the burden from cardiovascular deaths is greater in absolute terms)...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202078/global-climate-change-impact-of-heat-waves-under-different-definitions-on-daily-mortality-in-wuhan-china
#12
Yunquan Zhang, Renjie Feng, Ran Wu, Peirong Zhong, Xiaodong Tan, Kai Wu, Lu Ma
Background: There was no consistent definition for heat wave worldwide, while a limited number of studies have compared the mortality effect of heat wave as defined differently. This paper aimed to provide epidemiological evidence for policy makers to determine the most appropriate definition for local heat wave warning systems. Methods: We developed 45 heat wave definitions (HWs) combining temperature indicators and temperature thresholds with durations. We then assessed the impact of heat waves under various definitions on non-accidental mortality in hot season (May-September) in Wuhan, China during 2003-2010...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148657/a-comparison-of-heat-wave-response-plans-from-an-aged-care-facility-perspective
#13
Benjamin Okwuofu-Thomas, Paul J Beggs, Ross J MacKenzie
Heat waves result in significant excess mortality, particularly amongst elderly people. This article examines selected heat wave response plans at national, state/provincial, and municipal levels, with a particular focus on specific responses aimed at residents of aged care facilities. We sourced heat wave response plans from several countries that are experiencing a demographic transition that features a growing aging population. We collected a total of 23 heat wave response plans; most of those plans were from Australia, with only three plans each available from Canada and the UK, and only two available from the U...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143880/effects-of-heat-waves-on-daily-excess-mortality-in-14-korean-cities-during-the-past-20%C3%A2-years-1991-2010-an-application-of-the-spatial-synoptic-classification-approach
#14
Dae-Geun Lee, Kyu Rang Kim, Jiyoung Kim, Baek-Jo Kim, Chun-Ho Cho, Scott C Sheridan, Laurence S Kalkstein, Ho Kim, Seung-Muk Yi
The aims of this study are to explore the "offensive" summer weather types classified under the spatial synoptic classification (SSC) system and to evaluate their impacts on excess mortality in 14 Korean cities. All-cause deaths per day for the entire population were examined over the summer months (May-September) of 1991-2010. Daily deaths were standardized to account for long-term trends of subcycles (annual, seasonal, and weekly) at the mid-latitudes. In addition, a mortality prediction model was constructed through multiple stepwise regression to develop a heat-health warning system based on synoptic climatology...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116624/the-concomitant-use-of-diuretics-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-triple-whammy-extreme-heat-and-in-hospital-acute-kidney-injury-in-older-medical-patients
#15
Arduino A Mangoni, Feruza Kholmurodova, Lidia Mayner, Paul Hakendorf, Richard J Woodman
INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether the concomitant use of diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (triple whammy, TW) predicts in-hospital acute kidney injury (AKI) and whether admission during recorded periods of extreme heat influences this association. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on patient characteristics and use of TW/non-TW drugs on admission, AKI (increase in serum creatinine ≥ 27 µmol/l either within the first 48 h of admission or throughout hospitalization, primary outcome), length of stay (LOS), and mortality (secondary outcomes) in medical patients ≥65 years admitted (1) during five consecutive heat waves (HWs) between 2007 and 2009 (n = 382) or (2) either before or after each HW, matched for HW period, age, and admission day of the week (non-HW, controls, n = 1339)...
November 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072939/the-need-for-climate-and-health-education
#16
Jeffrey Shaman, Kim Knowlton
With the increasing understanding that climate change is already affecting and will continue to affect human health,(1,2) health professionals, governments, businesses, and the general public must proactively address both climate change and its implications for public health. The observed and anticipated effects of climate change on human health are myriad and will affect both the vulnerable and the broader public. Examples of direct effects include overall elevated temperatures that generally exacerbate chronic disease morbidity and mortality and changing patterns and increased frequency of heat waves that lead to more acute heat stress-related morbidity and mortality...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057127/heat-stroke-a-medical-emergency-appearing-in-new-regions
#17
Sofie Søndergaard Mørch, Johnny Dohn Holmgren Andersen, Morten Heiberg Bestle
Heat stroke is an acute, life-threatening emergency characterized clinically by elevated body temperature and central nervous system dysfunction. Early recognition and treatment including aggressive cooling and management of life-threatening systemic complications are essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. This case report describes two Danish patients diagnosed with heat stroke syndrome during a heat wave in the summer of 2014. Both patients were morbidly obese and had several predisposing illnesses...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055521/mortality-during-heatwaves-2003-2015-in-frankfurt-main-the-2003-heatwave-and-its-implications
#18
Katrin Steul, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Heatwaves have always occurred, but they are expected to intensify in frequency, duration and intensity due to climate change. Germany (like most European countries) experienced a distinct heatwave in 2003. Afterwards local heat health action plans (HHAP) were implemented in numerous regions (for example in Hesse). This analysis was designed to compare the heat wave of 2003 with the following ones in 2006, 2010 and 2015. We discuss whether measures from the Hessian HHAP were effective in reducing mortality and identify specific characteristics of the 2003 heatwave which did not allow direct comparison...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028682/current-and-projected-burden-of-disease-from-high-ambient-temperature-in-korea
#19
Soo Eun Chung, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Jae-Hyun Park, Jong-Hun Kim, Hyunjin Han
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the current and projected burden of disease from high ambient temperature using population-based data sources of nationwide mortality and morbidity in Korea. METHODS: Disability-adjusted life years (DALY) were estimated using noninjury-related deaths, and cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases from recently released nationwide health and mortality databases. Years of life lost and years lost due to disability were measured based on the point prevalence and number of deaths during the study period...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969426/spatial-variability-in-threshold-temperatures-of-heat-wave-mortality-impact-assessment-on-prevention-plans
#20
R Carmona, C Linares, C Ortiz, I J Mirón, M Y Luna, J Díaz
Spain's current heat wave prevention plans are activated according to administrative areas. This study analyses the determination of threshold temperatures for triggering prevention-plan activation by reference to isoclimatic areas, and describes the public health benefits. We subdivided the study area - the Madrid Autonomous Region (MAR) - into three, distinct, isoclimatic areas: 'North', 'Central' and 'South', and grouped daily natural-cause mortality (ICD-10: A00-R99) in towns of over 10,000 inhabitants (2000-2009 period) accordingly...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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