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air pollution mortality

Maryam Dastoorpoor, Gholamreza Goudarzi, Narges Khanjani, Esmaeil Idani, Hamidreza Aghababaeian, Abbas Bahrampour
OBJECTIVES: There are few studies about the association between breathing polluted air and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and cardiac death in the Middle East. This study aimed to investigate the relation between air pollutants and cardiovascular mortality (based on ICD-10) in Ahvaz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this ecological study, the data about cardiovascular disease mortality and air pollutants from March 2008 until March 2015 was inquired from the Ahvaz City Authority and the Khuzestan Province Environmental Protection Agency...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Sebhat Erqou, Jane E Clougherty, Oladipupo Olafiranye, Jared W Magnani, Aryan Aiyer, Sheila Tripathy, Ellen Kinnee, Kevin E Kip, Steven E Reis
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess racial differences in air pollution exposures to ambient fine particulate matter (particles with median aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm [PM2.5 ]) and black carbon (BC) and their association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, arterial endothelial function, incident CVD events, and all-cause mortality. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Data from the HeartSCORE study (Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation) were used to estimate 1-year average air pollution exposure to PM2...
March 15, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Anyu Yu, Guangshe Jia, Jianxin You, Puwei Zhang
The particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5 ) is a serious air-pollutant emission in China, which has caused serious risks to public health. To reduce the pollution and corresponding public mortality, this paper proposes a method by incorporating slacks-based data envelopment analysis (DEA) and an integrated exposure risk (IER) model. By identifying the relationship between the PM2.5 concentration and mortality, the potential PM2.5 concentration efficiency and mortality reduction were measured. The proposed method has been applied to China's 243 cities in 2015...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ali Abdolahnejad, Negar Jafari, Amir Mohammadi, Mohammad Miri, Yaghoub Hajizadeh
Background: The presence of air pollutants such as CO, NO2 , SO2 , O3 , and PM in the ambient air mainly emitted from fossil fuels combustion has become a major health concern. The aims of this study were to estimate the attribution of NO2 , SO2 , and O3 in the premature deaths and prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Isfahan in 2013-2014. Methods: In this study, short-term health effects (total mortality, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and acute myocardial infarction) of exposure NO2 , SO2 , and O3 on the population of Isfahan were assessed using AirQ 2...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Maryam Yarahmadi, Mostafa Hadei, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Gea Oliveri Conti, Mohammd Reza Alipour, Margherita Ferrante, Abbas Shahsavani
Few studies regarding the health effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 μm or less (PM2.5 ) have been carried out in Asia or the Middle East. The objective of our study was to assess total, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality attributed to long-term exposure to PM2.5 among adults aged over 30 years in Tehran from March 2013 to March 2016 using AirQ+ software. AirQ+ modeling software was used to estimate the number of deaths attributed to PM2...
March 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Se Ji Jung, Jodhbir Mehta, Louis Tong
The twenty-first century is fraught with dangers like climate change and pollution, which impacts human health and mortality. As levels of pollution increase, respiratory illnesses and cardiovascular ailments become more prevalent. Less understood are the eye-related complaints, which are commonly associated with increasing pollution. Affected people may complain of irritation, redness, foreign body sensation, tearing, and blurring of vision. Sources of pollution are varied, ranging from gases (such as ozone and NO2 ) and particulate matter produced from traffic, to some other hazards associated with indoor environments...
March 3, 2018: Ocular Surface
Fabrizio Minichilli, Fabrizio Bianchi, Carla Ancona, Marco Cervino, Gianluigi De Gennaro, Cristina Mangia, Michele Santoro, Elisa Bustaffa
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the associations among the emissions produced by "Centro olio Val d'Agri" (COVA), with mortality and hospitalization of residents in the Viggiano and Grumento Nova Municipalities, located in Val d'Agri (Basilicata Region, Southern Italy). DESIGN: residential cohort study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Lagrangians dispersion models to estimate the level of exposure at the address of residence to NOX concentrations as tracers of COVA emissions...
January 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Silke Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
Yaolin Lin, Jiale Zou, Wei Yang, Chun-Qing Li
PM2.5 pollution has become a severe problem in China due to rapid industrialization and high energy consumption. It can cause increases in the incidence of various respiratory diseases and resident mortality rates, as well as increase in the energy consumption in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems due to the need for air purification. This paper reviews and studies the sources of indoor and outdoor PM2.5 , the impact of PM2.5 pollution on atmospheric visibility, occupational health, and occupants' behaviors...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yanhong Wang, Mengmeng Li, Xia Wan, Yuanyuan Sun, Kailiang Cheng, Xinyu Zhao, Yuan Zheng, Gonghuan Yang, Li Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that the development of pancreatic cancer (PC) may be associated with environment pollution. But the relationship between ambient air pollution and PC remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between PC mortality and exposure of fine particular matter. METHODS: We used PC mortality data from 103 continuous points in national Disease Surveillance Point system from 1991 to 2009 in China...
February 24, 2018: Environmental Research
Marine L Croze, Luc Zimmer
Atmospheric pollution is a well-known environmental hazard, especially in developing countries where millions of people are exposed to airborne pollutant levels above safety standards. Accordingly, several epidemiological and animal studies confirmed its role in respiratory and cardiovascular pathologies and identified a strong link between ambient air pollution exposure and adverse health outcomes such as hospitalization and mortality. More recently, the potential deleterious effect of air pollution inhalation on the central nervous system was also investigated and mounting evidence supports a link between air pollution exposure and neurodegenerative pathologies, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Xin Xu, Sheng Nie, Hanying Ding, Fan Fan Hou
The burden of disease and death attributable to environmental pollution is becoming a public health challenge worldwide, especially in developing countries. The kidney is vulnerable to environmental pollutants because most environmental toxins are concentrated by the kidney during filtration. Given the high mortality and morbidity of kidney disease, environmental risk factors and their effect on kidney disease need to be identified. In this Review, we highlight epidemiological evidence for the association between kidney disease and environmental pollutants, including air pollution, heavy metal pollution and other environmental risk factors...
February 26, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Sasan Faridi, Mansour Shamsipour, Michal Krzyzanowski, Nino Künzli, Heresh Amini, Faramarz Azimi, Mazen Malkawi, Fatemeh Momeniha, Akbar Gholampour, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Kazem Naddafi
The main objectives of this study were (1) investigation of the temporal variations of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and ground level ozone (O3 ) concentrations in Tehran megacity, the capital and most populous city in Iran, over a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015, and (2) estimation of their long-term health effects including all-cause and cause-specific mortality. For the first goal, the data of PM2.5 and O3 concentrations, measured at 21 regulatory monitoring network stations in Tehran, were obtained and the temporal trends were investigated...
February 21, 2018: Environment International
Zhe Mo, Qiuli Fu, Lifang Zhang, Danni Lyu, Guangming Mao, Lizhi Wu, Peiwei Xu, Zhifang Wang, Xuejiao Pan, Zhijian Chen, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaoming Lou
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential association between air pollutants and respiratory diseases (RDs). Generalized additive models were used to analyze the effect of air pollutants on mortalities or outpatient visits. The average concentrations of air pollutants in Hangzhou (HZ) were 1.6-2.8 times higher than those in Zhoushan (ZS), except for O3 . In a single pollutant model, the increased concentrations of PM2.5 , NO2 , and SO2 were strongly associated with deaths caused by RD in HZ, while PM2...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhen An, Yuefei Jin, Juan Li, Wen Li, Weidong Wu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Air pollution is established as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Ambient particulate matter (PM), a principal component of air pollutant, has been considered as a main culprit of the adverse effects of air pollution on human health. RECENT FINDINGS: Extensive epidemiological and toxicological studies have demonstrated particulate air pollution is positively associated with the development of CVDs. Short-term PM exposure can trigger acute cardiovascular events while long-term exposure over years augments cardiovascular risk to an even greater extent and can reduce life expectancy by a few years...
February 22, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Pascale Salameh, Rita Farah, Souheil Hallit, Rouba Karen Zeidan, Mirna N Chahine, Roland Asmar, Hassan Hosseini
Stroke is a disease related to high mortality and morbidity, particularly in developing countries. Some studies have linked self-reported indoor and outdoor pollution to stroke and mini-stroke, while some others showed no association. Our objective was to assess this association in Lebanon, a Middle Eastern developing country. A national cross-sectional study was conducted all over Lebanon. In addition to self-reported items of pollution exposure, we assessed potential predictors of stroke and mini-stroke, including sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported health information, and biological measurements...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Pascale Salameh, Mirna Chahine, Souheil Hallit, Rita Farah, Rouba Karen Zeidan, Roland Asmar, Hassan Hosseiny
Hypertension is a risk factor of several diseases, linked to high mortality and morbidity, particularly in developing countries. Some studies have linked indoor and outdoor pollution exposure items to hypertension, but results were inconsistent. Our objective was to assess the association of living conditions related to air pollution to hypertension in Lebanon, a Middle Eastern country. A national cross-sectional study was conducted all over Lebanon. Blood pressure and its related medications were assessed to be able to classify participants as hypertensive or not...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Chenzhi Wang, Zhao Zhang, Maigeng Zhou, Pin Wang, Peng Yin, Wan Ye, Lingyan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The environmental variation in mortality due to extreme temperatures has been well-documented by many studies. Mortality to extreme temperatures (MoET) was recognized to vary geographically, either by countries within a region or by areas within a country. However, so far, little attention has been paid to rural residents, with even lesser attention on the potential rural-urban differences. The aim of our study was to offer a quite comprehensive analysis on the differences in temperature-mortality relationship between rural and urban areas across China...
February 9, 2018: Health & Place
Xiaomei Liao, Xin Zhou, Molin Wang, Jaime E Hart, Francine Laden, Donna Spiegelman
Environmental epidemiologists are often interested in estimating the effect of functions of time-varying exposure histories, such as the 12-month moving average, in relation to chronic disease incidence or mortality. The individual exposure measurements that comprise such an exposure history are usually mis-measured, at least moderately, and, often, more substantially. To obtain unbiased estimates of Cox model hazard ratios for these complex mis-measured exposure functions, an extended risk set regression calibration method for Cox models is developed and applied to a study of long-term exposure to the fine particulate matter (PM2...
February 2018: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C, Applied Statistics
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