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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927016/china-s-air-quality-and-respiratory-disease-mortality-based-on-the-spatial-panel-model
#1
Qilong Cao, Ying Liang, Xueting Niu
Background: Air pollution has become an important factor restricting China's economic development and has subsequently brought a series of social problems, including the impact of air pollution on the health of residents, which is a topical issue in China. Methods: Taking into account this spatial imbalance, the paper is based on the spatial panel data model PM2.5. Respiratory disease mortality in 31 Chinese provinces from 2004 to 2008 is taken as the main variable to study the spatial effect and impact of air quality and respiratory disease mortality on a large scale...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905098/application-of-an-original-wildfire-smoke-health-cost-benefits-transfer-protocol-to-the-western-us-2005-2015
#2
Benjamin A Jones, Robert P Berrens
Recent growth in the frequency and severity of US wildfires has led to more wildfire smoke and increased public exposure to harmful air pollutants. Populations exposed to wildfire smoke experience a variety of negative health impacts, imposing economic costs on society. However, few estimates of smoke health costs exist and none for the entire Western US, in particular, which experiences some of the largest and most intense wildfires in the US. The lack of cost estimates is troublesome because smoke health impacts are an important consideration of the overall costs of wildfire...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894179/ambient-air-pollution-smog-episodes-and-mortality-in-jinan-china
#3
Jun Zhang, Yao Liu, Liang-Liang Cui, Shou-Qin Liu, Xi-Xiang Yin, Huai-Chen Li
We aimed to assess the acute effects of ambient air pollution and weather conditions on mortality in the context of Chinese smog episodes. A total of 209,321 deaths were recorded in Jinan, a large city in eastern China, during 2011-15. The mean concentrations of daily particulate matter ≤10 μm (PM10), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were 169 μg/m(3), 100 μg/m(3), 77 μg/m(3), and 54 μg/m(3), respectively. Increases of 10 μg/m(3) in PM10, PM2...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893980/new-evidence-on-the-impact-of-sustained-exposure-to-air-pollution-on-life-expectancy-from-china-s-huai-river-policy
#4
Avraham Ebenstein, Maoyong Fan, Michael Greenstone, Guojun He, Maigeng Zhou
This paper finds that a 10-μg/m(3) increase in airborne particulate matter [particulate matter smaller than 10 μm (PM10)] reduces life expectancy by 0.64 years (95% confidence interval = 0.21-1.07). This estimate is derived from quasiexperimental variation in PM10 generated by China's Huai River Policy, which provides free or heavily subsidized coal for indoor heating during the winter to cities north of the Huai River but not to those to the south. The findings are derived from a regression discontinuity design based on distance from the Huai River, and they are robust to using parametric and nonparametric estimation methods, different kernel types and bandwidth sizes, and adjustment for a rich set of demographic and behavioral covariates...
September 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891455/epigenetic-biomarkers-for-risk-assessment-of-particulate-matter-associated-lung-cancer
#5
Arpit Bhargava, Neha Bunkar, Aniket Aglawe, Kailash Chand Pandey, Rajnarayan Tiwari, Koel Chaudhury, Irina Yu Goryacheva, Pradyumna Kumar Mishra
BACKGROUND: Particulate matter directly emitted into the air by sources such as combustion processes and windblown dust, or formed in the atmosphere by transformation of emitted gases are the major contributors to air pollution that triggers a diverse array of human pathologies including lung cancer. The mortality in lung cancer is usually high as the disease is not symptomatic at its early treatable stage. Moreover, available methods for screening are costly and mainly rely on imaging techniques which lack sufficient sensitivity and specificity...
September 10, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889025/industrial-pollution-and-cancer-in-spain-an-important-public-health-issue
#6
Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Javier García-Pérez, Rebeca Ramis, Elena Boldo, Gonzalo López-Abente
Cancer can be caused by exposure to air pollution released by industrial facilities. The European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) has made it possible to study exposure to industrial pollution. This study seeks to describe the industrial emissions in the vicinity of Spanish towns and their temporal changes, and review our experience studying industrial pollution and cancer. Data on industrial pollutant sources (2007-2010) were obtained from the E-PRTR registries. Population exposure was estimated by the distance from towns to industrial facilities...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888198/effects-of-no2-exposure-on-daily-mortality-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#7
Amine Farias Costa, Gerard Hoek, Bert Brunekreef, Antonio Carlos Monteiro Ponce de Leon
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that air pollution mixtures represented by nitrogen dioxide (NO2) may have effects on human health, which are independent from those of particulate matter mass. We evaluate the association between NO2 and daily mortality among elderly using one- and multipollutant models. METHODS: This study was a daily time series of non-accidental and cause-specific mortality among the elderly living in São Paulo, Brazil, between 2000 and 2011...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888197/does-a-lag-structure-of-temperature-confound-air-pollution-lag-response-relation-simulation-and-application-in-7-major-cities-korea-1998-2013
#8
Honghyok Kim, Michelle L Bell, Jong-Tae Lee
BACKGROUND: Temperature must be controlled when estimating the associations of short-term exposure to air pollution and mortality. Given that multi-country studies have implied temperature has lagged effects, we aim to explore confounding by temperature-lag-response and investigate PM10-lag-mortality relation in 7 cities, Korea. METHODS: In a simulation study, we compared the performance of different methods to control for: the same day temperature, a lagged temperature and distributed lags of temperature...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886601/ambient-air-pollution-and-cancer-mortality-in-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii
#9
Michelle C Turner, Daniel Krewski, W Ryan Diver, C Arden Pope, Richard T Burnett, Michael Jerrett, Julian D Marshall, Susan M Gapstur
BACKGROUND: The International Agency for Research on Cancer classified both outdoor air pollution and airborne particulate matter as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) for lung cancer. There may be associations with cancer at other sites; however, the epidemiological evidence is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether ambient air pollution is associated with specific types of cancer other than lung cancer by examining associations of ambient air pollution with nonlung cancer death in the Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II)...
August 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883037/ischaemic-heart-disease-in-the-former-soviet-union-1990-2015-according-to-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#10
Adrianna Murphy, Catherine O Johnson, Gregory A Roth, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Marie Ng, Nana Pogosova, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Andrew E Moran
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality and risk factor burden across former Soviet Union (fSU) and satellite countries and regions in 1990 and 2015. METHODS: The fSU and satellite countries were grouped into Central Asian, Central European and Eastern European regions. IHD mortality data for men and women of any age were gathered from national vital registration, and age, sex, country, year-specific IHD mortality rates were estimated in an ensemble model...
September 7, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882886/potential-cardiovascular-and-total-mortality-benefits-of-air-pollution-control-in-urban-china
#11
Chen Huang, Andrew E Moran, Pamela G Coxson, Xueli Yang, Fangchao Liu, Jie Cao, Kai Chen, Miao Wang, Jiang He, Lee Goldman, Dong Zhao, Patrick L Kinney, Dongfeng Gu
Background -Outdoor air pollution ranks fourth among preventable causes of China's burden of disease. We hypothesized that the magnitude of health gains from air quality improvement in urban China could compare with achieving recommended blood pressure or smoking control goals. Methods -The Cardiovascular Disease Policy Model-China projected coronary heart disease, stroke, and all-cause deaths in urban Chinese adults aged 35-84 years from 2017 to 2030 if recent air quality (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2...
September 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877711/pulmonary-challenge-with-carbon-nanoparticles-induces-a-dose-dependent-increase-in-circulating-leukocytes-in-healthy-males
#12
Marieke Berger, Johannes D de Boer, René Lutter, Michiel Makkee, Peter J Sterk, Elles M Kemper, Jaring S van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of particulate matter, as part of air pollution, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Nanoparticles (< 100 nm) are likely candidates for triggering inflammatory responses and activation of coagulation pathways because of their ability to enter lung cells and pass bronchial mucosa. We tested the hypothesis that bronchial segmental instillation of carbon nanoparticles causes inflammation and activation of coagulation pathways in healthy humans in vivo...
September 6, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866396/estimating-premature-mortality-attributable-to-pm2-5-exposure-and-benefit-of-air-pollution-control-policies-in-china-for-2020
#13
Kamal Jyoti Maji, Anil Kumar Dikshit, Mohit Arora, Ashok Deshpande
In past decade of rapid industrial development and urbanization, China has witnessed increasingly persistent severe haze and smog episodes, posing serious health hazards to the Chinese population, especially in densely populated cities. Quantification of health impacts attributable to PM2.5 (particulates with aerodynamic diameter≤2.5μm) has important policy implications to tackle air pollution. The Chinese national monitoring network has recently included direct measurements of ground level PM2.5, providing a potentially more reliable source for exposure assessment...
August 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865778/chronobiologic-aspects-of-venous-thromboembolism
#14
REVIEW
Chiara Fantoni, Francesco Dentali, Walter Ageno
In recent years, several studies have consistently described the chronobiologic aspects of many cardiovascular diseases. Several studies have also assessed the circadian and circannual patterns of occurrence and mortality of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, but the results have been less univocal. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain these possible patterns, including oscillation of coagulation proteins, the role of meteorologic parameters, and air pollution. This article summarizes the available evidence on chronobiologic aspects of venous thromboembolism and discusses the casual mechanism...
October 2017: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863390/more-than-clean-air-and-tranquillity-residential-green-is-independently-associated-with-decreasing-mortality
#15
Danielle Vienneau, Kees de Hoogh, David Faeh, Marco Kaufmann, Jean Marc Wunderli, Martin Röösli
Green space may improve health by enabling physical activity and recovery from stress or by decreased pollution levels. We investigated the association between residential green (greenness or green space) and mortality in adults using the Swiss National Cohort (SNC) by mutually considering air pollution and transportation noise exposure. To reflect residential green at the address level, two different metrics were derived: normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) for greenness, and high resolution land use classification data to identify green spaces (LU-green)...
August 29, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863376/reducing-mortality-risk-by-targeting-specific-air-pollution-sources-suva-fiji
#16
C F Isley, P F Nelson, M P Taylor, E Stelcer, A J Atanacio, D D Cohen, F S Mani, M Maata
Health implications of air pollution vary dependent upon pollutant sources. This work determines the value, in terms of reduced mortality, of reducing ambient particulate matter (PM2.5: effective aerodynamic diameter 2.5μm or less) concentration due to different emission sources. Suva, a Pacific Island city with substantial input from combustion sources, is used as a case-study. Elemental concentration was determined, by ion beam analysis, for PM2.5 samples from Suva, spanning one year. Sources of PM2.5 have been quantified by positive matrix factorisation...
August 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855033/-risk-factors-of-lung-cancer-in-xuanwei-yunnan-province-china
#17
Liqun Liu, Xia Wan, Gongbo Chen, Xiangyun Ma, Bofu Ning, Gonghuan Yang
BACKGROUND: Since 1970s, Xuanwei in Yunnan province has been one of the towns with highest lung cancer mortality in China. Moreover, the characters of high female lung cancer mortality and sub-regional clustering high lung cancer mortality have not changed. In this study, we further described the exposure situation of risk factors of lung cancer in Xuanwei nowadays, in order to explore the trend of the distribution of lung cancer there. METHODS: Firstly we divided the 26 towns of Xuanwei city to high-, median- and low- lung cancer areas by the lung cancer mortality in 2010-2012...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845334/air-pollution-in-major-chinese-cities-some-progress-but-much-more-to-do
#18
Dorrit H Lowsen, George A Conway
BACKGROUND: Ambient (outdoor) air pollution has been implicated as a major cause of acute cardiovascular and pulmonary illnesses and increased risk for acute and chronic effects after chronic exposures, including mortality and morbidity. In 2008, due to persistent health concerns about its workforce and their dependents, the US Mission in China began monitoring air quality at the US Embassy in Beijing. Subsequently, monitoring stations were also established at US consulates at Shanghai (2011), Guangzhou (2011), Chengdu (2012), and Shenyang (2013)...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843578/estimates-of-the-global-regional-and-national-morbidity-mortality-and-aetiologies-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-195-countries-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study 2015 provides an up-to-date analysis of the burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs) in 195 countries. This study assesses cases, deaths, and aetiologies spanning the past 25 years and shows how the burden of LRI has changed in people of all ages. METHODS: We estimated LRI mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using a modelling platform shared across most causes of death in the GBD 2015 study called the Cause of Death Ensemble model...
August 23, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832843/air-pollution-and-low-birth-weight-in-an-industrialized-city-in-southeastern-brazil-2003-2006
#20
Marcelo Moreno Dos Reis, Mariana Tavares Guimarães, Alfésio Luís Ferreira Braga, Lourdes Conceição Martins, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira
Introduction: Birth weight is an important indicator of several conditions that manifest earlier (as fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, inhibited growth and cognitive development) and later in life such as chronic diseases. Air pollution has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: Retrospective cohort study investigated the association between low birth weight (LBW) and maternal exposure to air pollutants in Volta Redonda city, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 2003 to 2006...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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