keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fusion protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212503/lactobacillus-buchneri-s-layer-as-carrier-for-an-ara-h-2-derived-peptide-for-peanut-allergen-specific-immunotherapy
#1
Julia Anzengruber, Merima Bublin, Eva Bönisch, Bettina Janesch, Angelika Tscheppe, Matthias L Braun, Eva-Maria Varga, Christine Hafner, Heimo Breiteneder, Christina Schäffer
Peanut allergy is an IgE-mediated severe hypersensitivity disorder. The lack of a treatment of this potentially fatal allergy has led to intensive research on vaccine development. Here, we describe the design and initial characterization of a carrier-bound peptide derived from the most potent peanut allergen, Ara h 2, as a candidate vaccine. Based on the adjuvant capability of bacterial surface (S-) layers, a fusion protein of the S-layer protein SlpB from Lactobacillus buchneri CD034 and the Ara h 2-derived peptide AH3a42 was produced...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212443/recurrent-rearrangements-of-the-myb-sant-like-dna-binding-domain-containing-3-gene-msantd3-in-salivary-gland-acinic-cell-carcinoma
#2
Nicholas Barasch, Xue Gong, Kevin A Kwei, Sushama Varma, Jewison Biscocho, Kunbin Qu, Nan Xiao, Joseph S Lipsick, Robert J Pelham, Robert B West, Jonathan R Pollack
Pathogenic gene fusions have been identified in several histologic types of salivary gland neoplasia, but not previously in acinic cell carcinoma (AcCC). To discover novel gene fusions, we performed whole-transcriptome sequencing surveys of three AcCC archival cases. In one specimen we identified a novel HTN3-MSANTD3 gene fusion, and in another a novel PRB3-ZNF217 gene fusion. The structure of both fusions was consistent with the promoter of the 5' partner (HTN3 or PRB3), both highly expressed salivary gland genes, driving overexpression of full-length MSANTD3 or ZNF217...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212314/a-gin4-like-protein-kinase-gil1-involvement-in-hyphal-growth-asexual-development-and-pathogenesis-in-fusarium-graminearum
#3
Dan Yu, Shijie Zhang, Xiaoping Li, Jin-Rong Xu, Zachary Schultzhaus, Qiaojun Jin
Fusarium graminearum is the main causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) on wheat and barley. In a previous study, a GIN4-like protein kinase gene, GIL1, was found to be important for plant infection and sexual reproduction. In this study we further characterized the functions of GIL1 kinase in different developmental processes. The Δgil1 mutants were reduced in growth, conidiation, and virulence, and formed whitish and compact colonies. Although phialide formation was rarely observed in the mutants, deletion of GIL1 resulted in increased hyphal branching and increased tolerance to cell wall and cell membrane stresses...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210711/intergenically-spliced-chimeric-rnas-in-cancer
#4
Yuemeng Jia, Zhongqiu Xie, Hui Li
Gene fusions and their encoded products (fusion RNAs and proteins) are viewed as one of the hallmarks of cancer. Traditionally, they were thought to be generated solely by chromosomal rearrangements. However, recent discoveries of trans-splicing and cis-splicing events between neighboring genes, suggest that there are other mechanisms to generate chimeric fusion RNAs without corresponding changes in DNA. In addition, chimeric RNAs have been detected in normal physiology, complicating the use of fusions in cancer detection and therapy...
September 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210005/mll-is-essential-for-nup98-hoxa9-induced-leukemia
#5
Y Shima, M Yumoto, T Katsumoto, I Kitabayashi
Rearrangements involving the NUP98 gene resulting in fusions to several partner genes occur in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes. This study demonstrates that the second FG repeat domain of the NUP98 moiety of the NUP98-HOXA9 fusion protein is important for its cell immortalization and leukemogenesis activities. We demonstrate that NUP98-HOXA9 interacts with MLL via this FG repeat domain and that, in the absence of MLL, NUP98-HOXA9-induced cell immortalization and leukemogenesis are severely inhibited...
February 17, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210003/differential-signaling-through-p190-and-p210-bcr-abl-fusion-proteins-revealed-by-interactome-and-phosphoproteome-analysis
#6
J A Cutler, R Tahir, S K Sreenivasamurthy, C Mitchell, S Renuse, R S Nirujogi, A H Patil, M Heydarian, X Wong, X Wu, T-C Huang, M-S Kim, K Reddy, A Pandey
Two major types of leukemogenic BCR-ABL fusion proteins are p190(BCR-ABL) and p210(BCR-ABL). Although the two fusion proteins are closely related, they can lead to different clinical outcomes. A thorough understanding of the signaling programs employed by these two fusion proteins is necessary to explain these clinical differences. We took an integrated approach by coupling protein-protein interaction analysis using biotinylation identification (BioID) with global phosphorylation analysis to investigate the differences in signaling between these two fusion proteins...
February 17, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209207/recombinant-%C3%AE-actinin-subunit-antigens-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-as-potential-vaccine-candidates-in-protecting-against-trichomoniasis
#7
Yi-Ting Xie, Jiang-Mei Gao, Ya-Ping Wu, Petrus Tang, Geoff Hide, De-Hua Lai, Zhao-Rong Lun
BACKGROUND: Human trichomoniasis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases with more than 200 million cases worldwide. It has caused a series of health problems to patients. For prevention and control of infectious diseases, vaccines are usually considered as one of the most cost-efficient tools. However, until now, work on the development of T. vaginalis vaccines is still mainly focused on the screening of potential immunogens. Alpha-actinin characterized by high immunogenicity in T...
February 16, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207910/a-single-mutation-in-the-envelope-protein-modulates-flavivirus-antigenicity-stability-and-pathogenesis
#8
Leslie Goo, Laura A VanBlargan, Kimberly A Dowd, Michael S Diamond, Theodore C Pierson
The structural flexibility or 'breathing' of the envelope (E) protein of flaviviruses allows virions to sample an ensemble of conformations at equilibrium. The molecular basis and functional consequences of virus conformational dynamics are poorly understood. Here, we identified a single mutation at residue 198 (T198F) of the West Nile virus (WNV) E protein domain I-II hinge that regulates virus breathing. The T198F mutation resulted in a ~70-fold increase in sensitivity to neutralization by a monoclonal antibody targeting a cryptic epitope in the fusion loop...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207776/the-improved-efficacy-of-sifuvirtide-compared-with-enfuvirtide-might-be-related-to-its-selectivity-for-the-rigid-biomembrane-as-determined-through-surface-plasmon-resonance
#9
Ping Cao, Guifang Dou, Yuanguo Cheng, Jinjing Che
Most mechanistic studies on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) peptide fusion inhibitors have focused on the interactions between fusion inhibitors and viral envelope proteins. However, the interactions of fusion inhibitors with viral membranes are also essential for the efficacy of these drugs. Here, we utilized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology to study the interactions between the HIV fusion inhibitor peptides sifuvirtide and enfuvirtide and biomembrane models. Sifuvirtide presented selectivity toward biomembrane models composed of saturated dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) (32-fold higher compared with unsaturated 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine [POPC]) and sphingomyelin (SM) (31-fold higher compared with POPC), which are rigid compositions enriched in the HIV viral membrane...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207623/feasibility-of-percutaneous-posterolateral-spinal-fusion-with-recombinant-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-a-comparison-with-standard-methods-using-an-animal-model-study
#10
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Mun Keong Kwan, Lim Beng Saw, Hussin Paisal
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The clinical application of recombinant bone morphogenetic protein in spinal surgery has been shown to be safe and effective. However, its use in minimally invasive spine surgery has been limited to anterior interbody fusion procedures. To date, no study has evaluated the feasibility of percutaneous posterolateral fusion in the spine utilizing recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous posterolateral fusion in the spine utilizing rhBMP-2...
March 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207485/antigp41-membrane-proximal-external-region-antibodies-and-the-art-of-using-the-membrane-for-neutralization
#11
Nichole Cerutti, Juan Luis Loredo-Varela, Christophe Caillat, Winfried Weissenhorn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We summarize the latest research on the progress to understand the neutralizing epitopes present within the membrane proximal external region (MPER) of the HIV-1 fusion protein subunit gp41. RECENT FINDINGS: The HIV-1 fusion protein subunit gp41 contains a highly conserved sequence that is essential for membrane fusion and targeted by broadly neutralizing antibodies such as 2F5, 4E10, Z13e1, and 10E8. These antibodies recognize a linear gp41 epitope with high affinity, but require additional hydrophobic sequences present in their heavy chain CDR3 for neutralization...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206710/sucrose-transporter2-contributes-to-maize-growth-development-and-crop-yield
#12
Kristen A Leach, Thu M Tran, Thomas L Slewinski, Robert B Meeley, David M Braun
During daylight, plants produce excess photosynthates, including sucrose, which is temporarily stored in the vacuole. At night, plants remobilize sucrose to sustain metabolism and growth. Based on homology to other sucrose transporter (SUT) proteins, we hypothesized the maize (Zea mays) SUCROSE TRANSPORTER2 (ZmSUT2) protein functions as a sucrose/H(+) symporter on the vacuolar membrane to export transiently stored sucrose. To understand the biological role of ZmSut2, we examined its spatial and temporal gene expression, determined the protein subcellular localization, and characterized loss-of-function mutations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205646/connexin30-3-is-expressed-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-and-is-responsive-to-leukemia-inhibitory-factor
#13
Mikako Saito, Yuma Asai, Keiichi Imai, Shoya Hiratoko, Kento Tanaka
The expression of 19 connexin (Cx) isoforms was observed in the mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell line, EB3. Their expression patterns could be classified into either pluripotent state-specific, differentiating stage-specific, or non-specific Cxs. We focused on Cx30.3 as typical of the first category. Cx30.3 was pluripotent state-specific and upregulated by leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a specific cytokine that maintains the pluripotent state of ES cell, via a Jak signaling pathway. Cx30.3 protein was localized to both the cell membrane and cytosol...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205584/a-postnatal-role-for-embryonic-myosin-revealed-by-myh3-mutations-that-alter-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-and-cause-autosomal-dominant-spondylocarpotarsal-synostosis
#14
Jennifer Zieba, Wenjuan Zhang, Jessica X Chong, Kimberly N Forlenza, Jorge H Martin, Kelly Heard, Dorothy K Grange, Merlin G Butler, Tjitske Kleefstra, Ralph S Lachman, Deborah Nickerson, Michael Regnier, Daniel H Cohn, Michael Bamshad, Deborah Krakow
Spondylocarpotarsal synostosis (SCT) is a skeletal disorder characterized by progressive vertebral, carpal and tarsal fusions, and mild short stature. The majority of affected individuals have an autosomal recessive form of SCT and are homozygous or compound heterozygous for nonsense mutations in the gene that encodes the cytoskeletal protein filamin B (FLNB), but a subset do not have FLNB mutations. Exome sequence analysis of three SCT patients negative for FLNB mutations identified an autosomal dominant form of the disease due to heterozygosity for missense or nonsense mutations in MYH3, which encodes embryonic myosin...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204885/de-bugging-and-maximizing-plant-cytochrome-p450-production-in-escherichia-coli-with-c-terminal-gfp-fusions
#15
Ulla Christensen, Dario Vazquez-Albacete, Karina M Søgaard, Tonja Hobel, Morten T Nielsen, Scott James Harrison, Anders Holmgaard Hansen, Birger Lindberg Møller, Susanna Seppälä, Morten H H Nørholm
Cytochromes P450 (CYP) are attractive enzyme targets in biotechnology as they catalyze stereospecific C-hydroxylations of complex core skeletons at positions that typically are difficult to access by chemical synthesis. Membrane bound CYPs are involved in nearly all plant pathways leading to the formation of high-value compounds. In the present study, we systematically maximize the heterologous expression of six different plant-derived CYP genes in Escherichia coli, using a workflow based on C-terminal fusions to the green fluorescent protein...
February 15, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202504/expression-profiling-of-circulating-microvesicles-reveals-intercellular-transmission-of-oncogenic-pathways
#16
Gloria Milani, Tobia Lana, Silvia Bresolin, Sanja Aveic, Anna Pasto, Chiara Frasson, Geertruy Te Kronnie
: Circulating microvesicles (MVs) have been described as important players in cell-to-cell communication carrying biological information under normal or pathological condition. MVs released by cancer cells may incorporate diverse biomolecules (e.g. active lipids, proteins and RNA) which can be delivered and internalized by recipient cells, potentially altering gene expression of recipient cells and eventually impacting disease progression. Leukemia in vitro model systems were used to investigate MVs as vehicles of protein-coding messages...
February 15, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202288/tiam1-vav2-rac1-axis-a-tug-of-war-between-islet-function-and-dysfunction
#17
REVIEW
Anjaneyulu Kowluru
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion [GSIS] from the islet β-cell involves a well-orchestrated interplay between metabolic and cationic events. It is well established that intracellular generation of adenine and guanine nucleotide triphosphates [e.g., ATP and GTP] represents one of the requisite signaling steps in GSIS. The small molecular mass GTP-binding proteins [G-proteins; e.g., Rac1 and Cdc42] have been shown to regulate islet β-cell function including actin cytoskeletal remodeling and fusion of insulin granules with the plasma membrane for GSIS to occur...
February 12, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202040/subcellular-localization-and-interactions-of-infectious-salmon-anemia-virus-isav-m1-and-nep-as-well-as-host-hsc70
#18
Wenting Zhang, Chengzhi Cai, Li Lin, Yizhi Jane Tao, Meilin Jin
BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is an important fish pathogen that causes high mortality in farmed Atlantic salmon. The ISAV genome consists of eight single-stranded, negative-sense RNA segments. The six largest segments contain one open reading frame (ORF) each, and encode three polymerase proteins, nucleoprotein, fusion protein, and hemagglutinin esterase protein. The two smallest segments contain more than one ORF each. The segment 7 encodes non-structural protein 1 (NS1) and nuclear export protein (NEP), while segment 8 encodes matrix protein 1 and 2 (M1 and M2)...
February 15, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199142/dc-stamp-is-an-osteoclast-fusogen-engaged-in-periodontal-bone-resorption
#19
W Wisitrasameewong, M Kajiya, A Movila, S Rittling, T Ishii, M Suzuki, S Matsuda, Y Mazda, M R Torruella, M M Azuma, K Egashira, M O Freire, H Sasaki, C Y Wang, X Han, M A Taubman, T Kawai
Dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP) plays a key role in the induction of osteoclast (OC) cell fusion, as well as DC-mediated immune regulation. While DC-STAMP gene expression is upregulated in the gingival tissue with periodontitis, its pathophysiological roles in periodontitis remain unclear. To evaluate the effects of DC-STAMP in periodontitis, anti-DC-STAMP-monoclonal antibody (mAb) was tested in a mouse model of ligature-induced periodontitis ( n = 6-7/group) where Pasteurella pneumotropica ( Pp)-reactive immune response activated T cells to produce receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), which, in turn, promotes the periodontal bone loss via upregulation of osteoclastogenesis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199111/parallel-comparison-of-n-linked-glycopeptide-enrichment-techniques-reveals-extensive-glycoproteomic-analysis-of-plasma-enabled-by-sax-erlic
#20
Sarah M Totten, Christa L Feasley, Abel Bermudez, Sharon J Pitteri
Protein glycosylation is of increasing interest due to its important roles in protein function and aberrant expression with disease. Characterizing protein glycosylation remains analytically challenging due to its low abundance, ion suppression issues, and microheterogeneity at glycosylation sites, especially in complex samples such as human plasma. In this study, the utility of three common N-linked glycopeptide enrichment techniques is compared using human plasma. By analysis on an LTQ-Orbitrap Elite mass spectrometer, electrostatic repulsion hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography using strong anion exchange solid-phase extraction (SAX-ERLIC) provided the most extensive N-linked glycopeptide enrichment when compared with multilectin affinity chromatography (M-LAC) and Sepharose-HILIC enrichments...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
keyword
keyword
112008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"