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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498627/a-uk-community-based-survey-on-the-prevalence-of-rhinosinusitis
#1
Amtul S Sami, Glenis K Scadding, Peter Howarth
OBJECTIVES: There is limited information about the prevalence of rhinosinusitis in the UK community. This study aims to identify its prevalence and investigate any association with demographic variables. The secondary aims are to determine the degree of impairment, impact on quality of life and any costs incurred by patients. DESIGN: We used a modified version (MSNOT-20) of a quality of life instrument; the sinonasal outcome test -20 (SNOT-20), in a small and successful pilot project...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482306/mapping-allergenic-pollen-vegetation-in-uk-to-study-environmental-exposure-and-human-health
#2
Rachel N McInnes, Deborah Hemming, Peter Burgess, Donna Lyndsay, Nicholas J Osborne, Carsten Ambelas Skjøth, Sam Thomas, Sotiris Vardoulakis
Allergenic pollen is produced by the flowers of a number of trees, grasses and weeds found throughout the UK. Exposure to such pollen grains can exacerbate pollen-related asthma and allergenic conditions such as allergic rhinitis (hay fever). Maps showing the location of these allergenic taxa have many applications: they can be used to provide advice on risk assessments; combined with health data to inform research on health impacts such as respiratory hospital admissions; combined with weather data to improve pollen forecasting systems; or as inputs to pollen emission models...
May 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458562/allergic-conditions-are-not-associated-with-the-risk-of-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-or-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Jia Yang, Hong'en Xu, Xiaodong Liang, Shiliang Lv, Baihua Lin, Yongshi Jia
We aimed to systematically evaluate the association between allergic conditions and the risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non-HL (NHL). Systematic literature searches in PubMed and Embase were conducted up to October 2015 to identify eligible studies. Either a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model was adopted to estimate overall odds ratios (ORs) according to heterogeneity across studies. Subgroup and publication bias analyses were applied. A total of 24 case-control studies and 13 cohort studies (conducted from 1987 to 2015) were included in the analysis of the risk of NHL...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411833/atopic-dermatitis-and-comorbidities-added-value-of-comprehensive-dermatoepidemiology
#4
Tamar Nijsten
Atopic dermatitis is common and in its severe form is devastating. This chronic inflammatory dermatosis is part of the atopic syndrome, which includes asthma, food allergies, and hay fever and is known to be associated with mental health disorders. In line with psoriasis, several recent observational studies using national survey and linkage data have suggested a link between atopic dermatitis and cardiovascular disease. The atopic dermatitis field can benefit from the past experiences in psoriasis research and should not follow the same path, but, rather, aim for a more comprehensive approach from the beginning...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375542/emergence-of-zika-virus-epidemic-and-the-national-response-in-jamaica
#5
K R Webster-Kerr, Cdc Christie, A Grant, D Chin, H Burrowes, K Clarke, I Wellington, K Shaw, W De La Haye
Background: Jamaica, along with the Americas, experienced major epidemics of arboviral diseases transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in recent years. These include dengue fever in 2012, Chikungunya fever in 2014 and Zika virus infection (ZIKV) in 2016. We present the emergence of the ZIKV epidemic in Jamaica and outline the national response. Methods: The Ministry of Health's preparedness included: heightened surveillance, clinical management guidance, vector control and management, laboratory capacity strengthening, training and staffing, risk communication and public education, social mobilization, inter-sectoral collaboration, resource mobilization and international cooperation...
September 26, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341882/lifetime-allergic-rhinitis-prevalence-among-us-primary-farm-operators-findings-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#6
Jacek M Mazurek, Paul K Henneberger
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis is associated with decreased quality of life, and reduced workplace performance and productivity. This study investigated the prevalence of lifetime allergic rhinitis and factors associated with allergic rhinitis among US primary farm operators. METHODS: The 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey data collected from 11,210 active farm operators were analyzed. Survey respondents were determined to have lifetime allergic rhinitis based on a "yes" response to the question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had hay fever, seasonal allergies, or allergic rhinitis?" Data were weighted to produce nationally representative estimates...
March 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325597/relationships-between-acrylamide-and-glycidamide-hemoglobin-adduct-levels-and-allergy-related-outcomes-in-general-us-population-nhanes-2005-2006
#7
Jing Guo, Dongdong Yu, Na Lv, Rongpan Bai, Chunjing Xu, Guangdi Chen, Weiming Cao
BACKGROUND: Acrylamide-induced immunotoxicity and allergic dermatitis have been reported in animal experiments and clinical reports, respectively. However, epidemiological evidence from the general population is limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to estimate the associations between acrylamide exposure and allergy-related outcomes in the general US population. METHODS: A total of 6982 subjects were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (NHANES)...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315734/comparative-protein-profiles-of-the-ambrosia-plants
#8
Janice S Barton, Rachel Schomacker
Ragweed pollen is primarily responsible for the hay fever allergies of sufferers throughout the world. A proteome study of three ragweed plants (Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia trifida, and Ambrosia psilostachya) was undertaken to document and compare their protein profiles. Proteins extracted from the pollen of the three plants were subjected to one dimensional electrophoresis followed by tandem liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Peptide sequence mapping permitted discovery of proteins not previously reported for all three plants and 45% of the identified proteins were shared by all three of them...
June 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301056/age-at-onset-and-persistence-of-eczema-are-related-to-subsequent-risk-of-asthma-and-hay-fever-from-birth-to-18%C3%A2-years-of-age
#9
Adrian J Lowe, Bianca Angelica, John Su, Caroline J Lodge, David J Hill, Bircan Erbas, Catherine M Bennett, Lyle C Gurrin, Christine Axelrad, Michael J Abramson, Katrina J Allen, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Few studies have simultaneously addressed the importance of age of onset and persistence of eczema for the subsequent development of asthma and hay fever, particularly into early adulthood. METHODS: A high-risk birth cohort was recruited comprising 620 infants, who were then followed up frequently until 2 years of age, annually from age 3 to 7, then at 12 and 18 years, to document any episodes of eczema, current asthma, and hay fever. The generalized estimation equation technique was used to examine asthma and hay fever outcomes at 6 (n = 325), 12 (n = 248) and 18 (n = 240) years, when there was consistency of associations across the follow-ups...
March 16, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199764/clinical-markers-of-asthma-and-ige-assessed-in-parents-before-conception-predict-asthma-and-hayfever-in-the-offspring
#10
R J Bertelsen, M Rava, A E Carsin, S Accordini, B Benediktsdóttir, J Dratva, K A Franklin, J Heinrich, M Holm, C Janson, A Johannessen, D L Jarvis, R Jogi, B Leynaert, D Norback, E R Omenaas, C Raherison, J L Sánchez-Ramos, V Schlünssen, T Sigsgaard, S C Dharmage, C Svanes
BACKGROUND: Mice models suggest epigenetic inheritance induced by parental allergic disease activity. However, we know little of how parental disease activity before conception influences offspring's asthma and allergy in humans. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the associations of parental asthma severity, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and total and specific IgEs, measured before conception vs. after birth, with offspring asthma and hayfever. METHODS: The study included 4293 participants (mean age 34, 47% men) from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) with information on asthma symptom severity, BHR, total and specific IgEs from 1991 to 1993, and data on 9100 offspring born 1972-2012...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179115/chemical-composition-of-the-essential-oils-and-extracts-of-achillea-species-and-their-biological-activities-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Majid Mohammadhosseini, Satyajit D Sarker, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) family incorporates a large number of flowering plants, which have been classified under ca. 1600 genera covering more than 23,000 species. The genus Achillea is one of the best-known genera of this family. The Achillea species are important for their uses in the chemical and pharmaceutical purposes, and traditional and folk medicines. From ethnobotanical point of view, they heve been recommended as effective tonic, sedative, diuretic and carminative remedies and extensively prescribed for the treatment of stomachache, inflammation, gastrointestinal, hemorrhoid, hay fever, and wound healing in indigenous medicines...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165640/significant-disparities-in-allergy-prevalence-and-microbiota-between-the-young-people-in-finnish-and-russian-karelia
#12
L Ruokolainen, L Paalanen, A Karkman, T Laatikainen, L von Hertzen, T Vlasoff, O Markelova, V Masyuk, P Auvinen, L Paulin, H Alenius, N Fyhrquist, I Hanski, M J Mäkelä, E Zilber, P Jousilahti, E Vartiainen, T Haahtela
BACKGROUND: Atopic allergy has been more common among schoolchildren in Finland, as compared to Russian Karelia. These adjacent regions show one of the most contrasting socio-economical differences in the world. OBJECTIVE: We explored changes in allergy from school age to young adulthood from 2003 to 2010/2012 in these two areas. The skin and nasal microbiota were also compared. METHODS: Randomly selected children from Finnish (n = 98) and Russian Karelia (n = 82) were examined in 2003, when the children were 7-11 years of age, and again in 2010 (Finnish Karelia) and 2012 (Russian Karelia)...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140507/google-trends-terms-reporting-rhinitis-and-related-topics-differ-in-european-countries
#13
J Bousquet, I Agache, J M Anto, K C Bergmann, C Bachert, I Annesi-Maesano, P J Bousquet, G D'Amato, P Demoly, G De Vries, E Eller, W J Fokkens, J Fonseca, T Haahtela, P W Hellings, J Just, T Keil, L Klimek, P Kuna, K C Lodrup Carlsen, R Mösges, R Murray, K Nekam, G Onorato, N G Papadopoulos, B Samolinski, P Schmid-Grendelmeier, M Thibaudon, P Tomazic, M Triggiani, A Valiulis, E Valovirta, M Van Eerd, M Wickman, T Zuberbier, A Sheikh
Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google and reflects the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared Google Trends terms related to allergy and rhinitis in all European Union countries, Norway and Switzerland from 1 January 2011 to 20 December 2016. The aim was to assess whether the same terms could be used to report the seasonal variations of allergic diseases. Using the Google Trend 5-year graph, an annual and clear seasonality of queries was found in all countries apart from Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Malta...
January 31, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122685/aerobiological-importance-and-allergic-sensitization-to-amaranthaceae-under-arid-climate-conditions
#14
Belén Elvira-Rendueles, Juan J Zapata, Juan C Miralles, José M Moreno, Antonio García-Sánchez, Luis Negral, Stella Moreno-Grau
Species of the Amaranthaceae family are abundant in the Southeast of Spain, one of the driest areas in Europe. The Amaranthaceae include species of interest from the point of view of allergic diseases. With the expansion of aridity, many species belonging to this family will be favoured. The objectives of this study were: first, to define the prevalence of sensitization to Amaranthaceae pollen in allergic patients in the Southeast of Spain; second, to present the aerobiological features of this taxon; and, finally, to demarcate those periods of increased risk of suffering allergic symptoms with the aim of improving the diagnosis and prevention of hay fever...
January 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103252/comparative-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-grass-pollen-allergens-using-brachypodium-distachyon-as-a-model-system
#15
Akanksha Sharma, Niharika Sharma, Prem Bhalla, Mohan Singh
Comparative genomics have facilitated the mining of biological information from a genome sequence, through the detection of similarities and differences with genomes of closely or more distantly related species. By using such comparative approaches, knowledge can be transferred from the model to non-model organisms and insights can be gained in the structural and evolutionary patterns of specific genes. In the absence of sequenced genomes for allergenic grasses, this study was aimed at understanding the structure, organisation and expression profiles of grass pollen allergens using the genomic data from Brachypodium distachyon as it is phylogenetically related to the allergenic grasses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071746/allergy-reduces-the-risk-of-meningioma-a-meta-analysis
#16
Peng-Fei Wang, Wen-Jun Ji, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Shou-Wei Li, Chang-Xiang Yan
Meningiomas are the most common brain tumours; however, little is known regarding their aetiology. The data are inconsistent concerning atopic disease and the risk of developing meningioma. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between allergic conditions and the risk of developing meningioma. A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and Web of SCI from Jan 1979 to Feb 2016. Two investigators independently selected the relevant articles according to the inclusion criteria...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017559/spread-of-yellow-fever-virus-outbreak-in-angola-and-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2015-16-a-modelling-study
#17
Moritz U G Kraemer, Nuno R Faria, Robert C Reiner, Nick Golding, Birgit Nikolay, Stephanie Stasse, Michael A Johansson, Henrik Salje, Ousmane Faye, G R William Wint, Matthias Niedrig, Freya M Shearer, Sarah C Hill, Robin N Thompson, Donal Bisanzio, Nuno Taveira, Heinrich H Nax, Bary S R Pradelski, Elaine O Nsoesie, Nicholas R Murphy, Isaac I Bogoch, Kamran Khan, John S Brownstein, Andrew J Tatem, Tulio de Oliveira, David L Smith, Amadou A Sall, Oliver G Pybus, Simon I Hay, Simon Cauchemez
BACKGROUND: Since late 2015, an epidemic of yellow fever has caused more than 7334 suspected cases in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including 393 deaths. We sought to understand the spatial spread of this outbreak to optimise the use of the limited available vaccine stock. METHODS: We jointly analysed datasets describing the epidemic of yellow fever, vector suitability, human demography, and mobility in central Africa to understand and predict the spread of yellow fever virus...
March 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005035/-acute-respiratory-viral-infections-topical-issues-of-diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-in-therapeutic-practice
#18
D I Trukhan, A L Mazurov, L A Rechapova
AIM: to assess the efficacy and safety of the medication Grippferon with loratadine for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and influenza during the epidemics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 103 patients (67 men and 36 women) aged 18 to 52 years (mean age 35.3±3.2 years). During the first visit (september 2015), we collected patient history data on the average rate of ARVI and influenza for the past three years, the disease duration and its symptoms, presence of concomitant allergic pathologies (such as vasomotor rhinitis, hay fever and urticaria) and food allergies...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997983/validation-of-international-classification-of-disease-ninth-revision-codes-for-atopic-dermatitis
#19
Derek Y Hsu, Prarthana Dalal, Kimberly A Sable, Nihal Voruganti, Beatrice Nardone, Dennis West, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of large-scale data sets is needed to better understand the epidemiology, cost and burden of atopic dermatitis (AD). We sought to validate the use of ICD-9-CM codes for identifying AD. METHODS: Patients from a large metropolitan quaternary care medical center with a diagnostic code of either 691.8 (AD) or 692.9 (eczema and contact dermatitis) were queried. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, Hanifin & Rajka (H&R) and United Kingdom Working Party (UKWP) criteria...
December 20, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977844/paracetamol-acetaminophen-or-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-alone-or-combined-for-pain-relief-in-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Alies Sjoukes, Roderick P Venekamp, Alma C van de Pol, Alastair D Hay, Paul Little, Anne Gm Schilder, Roger Amj Damoiseaux
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood infectious diseases and a significant reason for antibiotic prescriptions in children worldwide. Pain from middle ear infection and pressure behind the eardrum is the key symptom of AOM. Ear pain is central to children's and parents' experience of the illness. Because antibiotics provide only marginal benefits, analgesic treatment including paracetamol (acetaminophen) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is regarded as the cornerstone of AOM management in children...
December 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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