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Hay fever

Jianguo Zhu, Jukun Song, Zezhen Liu, Jin Han, Heng Luo, Yunlin Liu, Zhenyu Jia, Yuanbo Dong, Wei Zhang, Funeng Jiang, Chinlee Wu, Zaolin Sun, Weide Zhong
Association between allergic conditions and prostate cancer risk has been investigated for many years. However, the results from available evidence for the association are inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between allergic conditions (asthma, atopy, hay fever and "any allergy") and risk of prostate cancer. The PubMed and Embase databases were searched to screen observational studies meeting our meta-analysis criteria. Study selection and data extraction from included studies were independently performed by two authors...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Fozia Roked, Jonathan North
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Ahmed A Arif, Elizabeth Racine
Objective The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of breastfeeding duration with childhood asthma among low-income families in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods Mothers/caregivers of two-hundred children with asthma and an equal number of children without asthma were interviewed about breastfeeding duration. Based on the responses, six different binary variables were constructed: breastfeeding three months or less, six months or less, nine months or less, 12 months or less, 18 months or less, and 24 months or less...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Lene Hammer-Helmich, Allan Linneberg, Carsten Obel, Simon Francis Thomsen, Line Tang Møllehave, Charlotte Glümer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of eczema, asthma and hay fever with mental health in a general child population and to assess the influence of parental socioeconomic position on these associations. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional health survey of children aged 3, 6, 11 and 15 years in the City of Copenhagen, Denmark. Individual questionnaire data on eczema, asthma, and hay fever and mental health problems assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was linked to register data on demographics and parental socioeconomic position...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
(no author information available yet)
Back to school misery could be compounded for schoolchildren in future as numbers suffering from hay fever caused by ragweed pollen is expected to double in Europe within 35 years.
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Lene Hammer-Helmich, Allan Linneberg, Simon Francis Thomsen, Line Tang, Charlotte Glümer
BACKGROUND: Atopic diseases, for example, eczema, asthma, and hay fever, are among the most common chronic diseases of childhood. Knowledge on health service use among children with atopic disease is limited. This study aimed to investigate the total use and costs of health services for children with and without eczema, asthma, and hay fever in a Danish general population. METHODS: We conducted a health survey with four complete birth cohorts from the City of Copenhagen...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
B R Leaker, V A Malkov, R Mogg, M K Ruddy, G C Nicholson, A J Tan, C Tribouley, G Chen, I De Lepeleire, N A Calder, H Chung, P Lavender, L N Carayannopoulos, T T Hansel
Non-invasive mucosal sampling (nasosorption and nasal curettage) was used following nasal allergen challenge with grass pollen in subjects with allergic rhinitis, in order to define the molecular basis of the late allergic reaction (LAR). It was found that the nasal LAR to grass pollen involves parallel changes in pathways of type 2 inflammation (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), inflammasome-related (IL-1β), and complement and circadian-associated genes. A grass pollen nasal spray was given to subjects with hay fever followed by serial sampling, in which cytokines and chemokines were measured in absorbed nasal mucosal lining fluid, and global gene expression (transcriptomics) assessed in nasal mucosal curettage samples...
September 28, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
Chen Huang, Wei Liu, Jiao Cai, Louise B Weschler, Xueying Wang, Yu Hu, Zhijun Zou, Li Shen, Jan Sundell
OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations of breastfeeding (BF) durations and patterns and of timing of other dietary introductions with prevalences of asthma, wheeze, hay fever, rhinitis, pneumonia, and eczema among preschool children. METHODS: During April 2011-April 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 72 kindergartens from five districts of Shanghai, China and obtained 13,335 questionnaires of children 4-6 year-old. We used multiple logistic regression models to evaluate the target associations...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Sophie Shay, Nina L Shapiro, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Determine the national incidence and disparities for common pediatric otolaryngologic conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative database. METHODS: The National Health Interview Survey (2012) was analyzed, extracting children with frequent ear infections (FEI), nonstreptococcal sore throat (NSST), streptococcal pharyngitis (SP), hay fever, and sinusitis. Demographic data including age, sex, race, Hispanic ethnicity, geographic region, poverty level, and insurance status were extracted...
September 7, 2016: Laryngoscope
Alastair D Hay, Niamh M Redmond, Sophie Turnbull, Hannah Christensen, Hannah Thornton, Paul Little, Matthew Thompson, Brendan Delaney, Andrew M Lovering, Peter Muir, John P Leeming, Barry Vipond, Beth Stuart, Tim J Peters, Peter S Blair
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat to public health, with most antibiotics prescribed in primary care. General practitioners (GPs) report defensive antibiotic prescribing to mitigate perceived risk of future hospital admission in children with respiratory tract infections. We developed a clinical rule aimed to reduce clinical uncertainty by stratifying risk of future hospital admission. METHODS: 8394 children aged between 3 months and 16 years presenting with acute cough (for ≤28 days) and respiratory tract infection were recruited to a prognostic cohort study from 247 general practitioner practices in England...
September 1, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Rachel E Roditi, Stacey Ishman, Stella Lee, Sandra Lin, Jennifer J Shin
OBJECTIVES: Adherence to the allergic rhinitis clinical practice guideline is being considered as a potential focus for national performance metrics. To help inform this discussion, we assessed patient- and clinician-reported medication administration among nationally representative populations of patients with allergic rhinitis. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Home health assessments, ambulatory visits. METHODS: Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey / National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey were assessed...
August 30, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Cecilie Svanes, Jennifer Koplin, Svein Magne Skulstad, Ane Johannessen, Randi Jakobsen Bertelsen, Byndis Benediktsdottir, Lennart Bråbäck, Anne Elie Carsin, Shyamali Dharmage, Julia Dratva, Bertil Forsberg, Thorarinn Gislason, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Christer Janson, Deborah Jarvis, Rain Jögi, Susanne Krauss-Etschmann, Eva Lindberg, Ferenc Macsali, Andrei Malinovschi, Lars Modig, Dan Norbäck, Ernst Omenaas, Eirunn Waatevik Saure, Torben Sigsgaard, Trude Duelien Skorge, Øistein Svanes, Kjell Torén, Carl Torres, Vivi Schlünssen, Francisco Gomez Real
BACKGROUND: Whereas it is generally accepted that maternal environment plays a key role in child health, emerging evidence suggests that paternal environment before conception also impacts child health. We aimed to investigate the association between children's asthma risk and parental smoking and welding exposures prior to conception. METHODS: In a longitudinal, multi-country study, parents of 24 168 offspring aged 2-51 years provided information on their life-course smoking habits, occupational exposure to welding and metal fumes, and offspring's asthma before/after age 10 years and hay fever...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
Martin F Bachmann, Thomas M Kündig
IgE-mediated allergies, in particular allergic rhino-conjunctivitis and asthma, have reached epidemic proportions, affecting about one third of the population in developed countries. The most effective treatment for allergies is specific immunotherapy (SIT), which involves the injection of increasing doses of an allergen extract to allergic individuals. The current form of SIT was first introduced 1911 and recently celebrated its 100(th) birthday for the treatment of hay fever. The concept of this therapy at the time was straight-forward, since it was believed that pollen contained toxins against which the patient could be vaccinated...
August 24, 2016: Allergy
Denis Caillaud, Pascal Chanez, Roger Escamilla, Pierre-Régis Burgel, Isabelle Court-Fortune, Pascale Nesme-Meyer, Gaëtan Deslee, Thierry Perez, Jean-Louis Paillasseur, Christophe Pinet, G Jebrak, Nicolas Roche
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that ACOS is associated with worse outcomes than COPD. The goal of this study was to further explore the clinical characteristics and survival of patients with ACOS identified in a real-life cohort of COPD patients. METHODS: Data from the French COPD cohort "Initiatives BPCO" (n=998 patients) were analyzed to assess the frequency of ACOS defined as a physician diagnosis of asthma before the age of 40 years and to analyze its impact...
August 9, 2016: Allergy
C Gore, R Griffin, T Rothenberg, A Tallett, B Hopwood, S Sizmur, C O'Keeffe, J O Warner
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a new allergy-specific patient-reported experience measure (PREM) for children and their parents, and to collect feedback in an integrated care setting. DESIGN: Two allergy-specific PREMs were produced using focus groups, cognitive testing, two prospective validation studies (collaboration: Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, Picker Institute Europe, Imperial College/London): 'Your Allergy Care', for children aged 8-16 years; 'Your Child's Allergy Care', for parents of children aged 0-7 years...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Yuki Sato, Ayako Hiyoshi, Carren Melinder, Chieko Suzuki, Scott Montgomery
This Swedish register-based cohort study examined whether asthma, hay fever and allergic dermatitis in late adolescence identified in the early 1970s are associated with antidepressant medication in middle age, between 2006 and 2009. After adjustment for childhood and adulthood sociodemographic characteristics, psychological, cognitive and physical function, and comorbidity, the magnitude of the associations diminished for asthma, while hay fever and atopic dermatitis retained associations. Hay fever and atopic dermatitis in adolescence have potentially important implications for future mental health, while asthma may already have influenced an individual's ability to cope with stress by late adolescence...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
David M Pigott, Anoushka I Millear, Lucas Earl, Chloe Morozoff, Barbara A Han, Freya M Shearer, Daniel J Weiss, Oliver J Brady, Moritz Ug Kraemer, Catherine L Moyes, Samir Bhatt, Peter W Gething, Nick Golding, Simon I Hay
As the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa is now contained, attention is turning from control to future outbreak prediction and prevention. Building on a previously published zoonotic niche map (Pigott et al., 2014), this study incorporates new human and animal occurrence data and expands upon the way in which potential bat EVD reservoir species are incorporated. This update demonstrates the potential for incorporating and updating data used to generate the predicted suitability map. A new data portal for sharing such maps is discussed...
2016: ELife
Stephanie J Lynch, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that early-life exposure to microbial organisms reduces the risk of developing allergies. Thumb-sucking and nail-biting are common childhood habits that may increase microbial exposures. We tested the hypothesis that children who suck their thumbs or bite their nails have a lower risk of developing atopy, asthma, and hay fever in a population-based birth cohort followed to adulthood. METHODS: Parents reported children's thumb-sucking and nail-biting habits when their children were ages 5, 7, 9, and 11 years...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Jane A Hoppin, David M Umbach, Stuart Long, Stephanie J London, Paul K Henneberger, Aaron Blair, Michael Alavanja, Laura E Beane Freeman, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that pesticide use may contribute to respiratory symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers. METHODS: Using the 2005-2010 interview data of the Agricultural Health Study, a prospective study of farmers in North Carolina and Iowa, we evaluated the association between allergic and non-allergic wheeze and self-reported use of 78 specific pesticides, reported by ≥ 1% of the 22,134 men interviewed...
July 6, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
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