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Dan shen

Dan-Dan Ren, Jing Li, Bai Chang, Chun-Shen Li, Ju-Hong Yang
The study aimed to investigate the intervening role of Didang decoction (DDD) at different times in macrovascular endothelial defense function, focusing on its effects on the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway. The effects of DDD on mitochondrial energy metabolism were also investigated in rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs). Type 2 diabetes were induced in rats by streptozotocin (STZ) combined with high fat diet. Rats were randomly divided into non-intervention group, metformin group, simvastatin group, and early-, middle-, late-stage DDD groups...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Dan Zhou, Yang Xu, Cheng Zhang, Meng-Xue Hu, Yun Huang, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen, Chang-Liang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Anopheles sinensis is an important malaria vector in Southeast Asia. The widespread emergence of insecticide resistance in this mosquito species poses a serious threat to the efficacy of malaria control measures, particularly in China. Recently, the whole-genome sequencing and de novo assembly of An. sinensis (China strain) has been finished. A series of insecticide-resistant studies in An. sinensis have also been reported. There is a growing need to integrate these valuable data to provide a comprehensive database for further studies on insecticide-resistant management of An...
January 10, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Biao Lu, Song Huang, Jingsong Cao, Qiyue Hu, Ru Shen, Hong Wan, Dan Wang, Jijun Yuan, Lei Zhang, Jiayin Zhang, Minsheng Zhang, Weikang Tao, Lianshan Zhang
A novel series of benzodihydrofuran derivatives was developed as potent MEK inhibitors through scaffold hopping based on known clinical compounds. Further SAR exploration and optimization led to another benzofuran series with good oral bioavailability in rats. One of the compounds EBI-1051 (28d) demonstrated excellent in vivo efficacy in colo-205 tumor xenograft models in mouse and is suitable for pre-clinical development studies for the treatment of melanoma and MEK associated cancers. Compared to AZD6244, EBI-1051 showed superior potency in some cancer cell lines such as colon-205, A549 and MDA-MB-231...
December 20, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Chong-Ke Zhao, Shi-Gao Chen, Azra Alizad, Ya-Ping He, Qiao Wang, Dan Wang, Wen-Wen Yue, Kun Zhang, Shen Qu, Qing Wei, Hui-Xiong Xu
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of 3-dimensional (3D) shear wave elastography (SWE) for assessing thyroid nodules. METHODS: A total of 176 surgically or cytologically confirmed thyroid nodules (63 malignant and 113 benign) in 176 patients who had undergone conventional ultrasound (US), 2-dimensional (2D) SWE, and 3D SWE examinations were included in this study. Quantitative elasticity values (mean elasticity, maximum elasticity, and standard deviation of elasticity of a large region of interest and mean elasticity of a 2-mm region of interest) were measured on 2D and 3D SWE...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Dan Li, Xudong Wang, Yan Chen, Sixin Zhu, Fan Gong, Guangjian Wu, Caimin Meng, Lan Liu, Lin Wang, Tie Lin, Shuo Sun, Hong Shen, Xingjun Wang, Wei-Da Hu, Jianlu Wang, Jinglan Sun, Xiangjian Meng, Junhao Chu
In recent years, the electrical characteristics of WSe2 field effect transistors (FETs) have been widely investigated with various dielectrics. Among them, being able to perfectly tune the polarity of WSe2 is a meaningful and promising work. In this work, we systematically study the electrical properties of bilayer WSe2 FETs modulated by ferroelectric polymer poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)). Compared to traditional gate dielectric SiO2, the P(VDF-TrFE) not only can tune both electron and hole concentrations to the same high level, but also improve the hole mobility of bilayer WSe2 to 265...
January 9, 2018: Nanotechnology
Zhenghang Wang, Xicheng Wang, Jiajia Yuan, Xiaotian Zhang, Jun Zhou, Ming Lu, Dan Liu, Jian Li, Lin Shen
BACKGROUND: For most colorectal cancer patients with initial lung metastasis (LM), the only suitable treatments are palliative, including palliative local therapy and pharmacotherapy. We investigated the role of palliative local treatments in prolonging survival and the efficacy of different pharmacotherapies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After performing a medical record review of 2233 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, 684 were identified as having LM. Their clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Jianfei Lu, Dan Xu, Zhaoyuan Shen, Liqun Lu
miRNAs (microRNAs), a small endogenous non-coding RNAs, play crucial roles in post-transcriptional regulator of genes expression in various biological processes. Cyprinid Herpesvirus-2 (CyHV-2) is a highly pathogenic member of the alloherpesviridae that causes acute mass mortalities in populations of Carassius auratus gibelio and Carassius auratus auratus. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenicity of CyHV-2 have not been fully determined. Here, miRNA expression profiles were identified via high-throughput sequencing in the kidney of Carassius auratus gibelio infected or uninfected with CyHV-2...
January 2, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Yun Huang, Qin Guo, Xiaohong Sun, Cheng Zhang, Na Xu, Yang Xu, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Changliang Zhu, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: Chemical insecticides have hugely reduced the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world, but resistance threatens their continued effectiveness. Despite its importance, cuticle resistance is an under-studied area, and exploring the detailed molecular basis of resistance is critical for implementing suitable resistance management strategies. METHODS: We performed western blotting of cuticular protein CPLCG5 in deltamethrin-susceptible (DS) and laboratory-produced deltamethrin-resistant (DR) strains of Culex pipiens pallens...
January 4, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Xiuqing Li, Hongfen Bian, Siming Yu, Wei Xiao, Jianying Shen, Caifeng Lan, Kenan Zhou, Caihong Huang, Lei Wang, Dan Du, Yuehe Lin, Yong Tang
Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and limited dilution methods to screen and clone antigen-specifichybridoma cells are extremely time-consuming and labor-intensive. The work presented here features a simple and rapid cell surface-fluorescence immunosorbent assay (CSFIA), designed for the detection and isolation of antigen-specific hybridoma clones. In this assay, antigens are first anchored to the hybridoma cell surface through a dual-functioning molecular Oleyl-PEG4000-NHS. Specific antibodies secreted from hybridoma cells are then captured by the antigens on the cell surface...
December 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Qian Liang, Dan Ma, Xiaoqiang Zhu, Zhenhua Wang, Tian-Tian Sun, Chaoqin Shen, Tingting Yan, Xianglong Tian, TaChuang Yu, Fangfang Guo, JiaYin Tang, Yanwei Lin, Huimin Chen, Chao Zhou, Zhizheng Ge, Ming Zhong, Jinxian Chen, Qiang Liu, Zheng Wang, Jing-Yuan Fang, Hao-Yan Chen, Jie Hong
Objective The E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF6 (RING-finger protein 6) plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. However, the copy number and expression of RNF6 were rarely reported in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to explore the mechanical, biological and clinical role of RNF6 in CRC initiation and progression. Design The copy number and expression of RNF6 were analyzed from Tumorscape and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. Gene expressions were examined by real time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemical staining...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Hansen Chen, Binghe Guan, Xi Chen, Xingmiao Chen, Caiming Li, Jinhua Qiu, Dan Yang, Ke Jian Liu, Suhua Qi, Jiangang Shen
Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) has a restrictive therapeutic window within 4.5 h after ischemic stroke with the risk of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and neurotoxicity when it is used beyond the time window. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that baicalin, an active compound of medicinal plant, could attenuate HT in cerebral ischemia stroke with delayed t-PA treatment. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 4.5 h and then continuously received t-PA infusion (10 mg/kg) for 0...
December 23, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
Dan Chen, Cong Wang, Jianlin Shen, Yong Li, Jinshui Wu
Paddy soil plays an essential role in contributing to the emission of methane (CH4), a potent greenhouse gas, to the atmosphere. This study aimed to demonstrate the effects of straw incorporation and straw-derived biochar amendment on CH4 emissions from double-rice cropping fields and to explore their potential mechanisms based on in-situ field measurements conducted for a period of three years (2012-2014) and model analysis. The results showed that the improved soil aeration due to biochar amendment resulted in low CH4 emissions and that sufficient substrate carbon availability in straw amendment treatments caused high CH4 emissions...
December 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Hanjie Yu, Mengmeng Li, Dongsheng Zhou, Dan Lv, Qi Liao, Zhongze Lou, Mengxin Shen, Zhen Wang, Ming Li, Xiao Xiao, Yanhua Zhang, Chuang Wang
Emerging data have identified certain drugs such as scopolamine as rapidly acting antidepressants for major depressive disorder (MDD) that increase glutamate release and induce neurotrophic factors through α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) activation in rodent models. However, little research has addressed the direct mechanisms of scopolamine on AMPAR activation or vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (VGLUT1)-mediated glutamate release in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of mice...
December 20, 2017: Neuropharmacology
Yongqing Shen, Dan Yu, Pan Qi, Xuliang Wang, Xiaoqiang Guo, Aili Zhang
Calcitriol, also known as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2VD3), is a biologically active form of vitamin D and has a wide range of anticancer activity against various cancer cell lines. However, the mechanism of calcitriol remains to be further studied. In this study, the biological effect and epigenetic regulation of calcitriol on kidney cancer cells were investigated. Calcitriol can significantly inhibit cell proliferation of kidney cancer cell lines 786-O (P<0.05). Calcitriol also induced cell apoptosis and senescence of 786-O and ACHN (P<0...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Xinbai Jiang, Jinyou Shen, Kaichun Xu, Dan Chen, Yang Mu, Xiuyun Sun, Weiqing Han, Jiansheng Li, Lianjun Wang
Due to highly recalcitrant and toxicological nature of pyridine, the conventional anaerobic bioprocess is often limited by low removal rate and poor process stability. In this study, an electricity-assisted anaerobic system was developed in order to enhance biodegradation of pyridine from wastewater. The results showed that the performance and stability of the anaerobic reactor was remarkably improved for pyridine biodegradation with the applied direct current of 0.3 mA, where the efficiencies of pyridine and total organic carbon removal as well as NH4+-N formation were as high as 100...
December 5, 2017: Water Research
Miao-Miao Jin, Wen-Dan Zhang, Geng-Shen Song, Yan-Mei Xu, Ying-Feng Du, Wei Guo, Liang Cao, Hui-Jun Xu
A tissue-smashing based ultra-rapid extraction coupled with ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed to determine 10 major triterpenoid saponins from Pulsatilla herbs. Compound 4 was characterized as betulinic acid glycoside 3-O-α-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-β-glucopyranosyl-23-hydroxy with HR-ESI-MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR experiment. The MS spectra result showed that the ionization of compound 4 was more efficient in the positive mode. Meanwhile, the ions at m/z 789...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Hua Gong, David S Weinstein, Zhonghui Lu, James J-W Duan, Sylwia Stachura, Lauren Haque, Ananta Karmakar, Hemalatha Hemagiri, Dhanya Kumar Raut, Arun Kumar Gupta, Javed Khan, Dan Camac, John S Sack, Andrew Pudzianowski, Dauh-Rurng Wu, Melissa Yarde, Ding-Ren Shen, Virna Borowski, Jenny H Xie, Huadong Sun, Celia D'Arienzo, Marta Dabros, Michael A Galella, Faye Wang, Carolyn A Weigelt, Qihong Zhao, William Foster, John E Somerville, Luisa M Salter-Cid, Joel C Barrish, Percy H Carter, T G Murali Dhar
We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies...
December 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yu Zhang, Liye Qu, Yaorong Wang, Dan Yuan, Yingming Yao, Qi Shen
Zirconium complexes supported by multidentate aminophenolato ligands were synthesized and characterized. The catalytic activities of neutral zirconium complexes and their cationic derivatives in the hydrophosphination of alkenes as well as heterocumulenes have been investigated and compared. Neutral complex 1 bearing a multidentate amino mono(phenolato) ligand exhibited high activity in hydrophosphination of simple alkenes, and anti-Markovnikov products were obtained in 37-94% yields at room temperature. Cationic species generated in situ from complex 3 stabilized by a bis(phenolato) ligand were found to be more active for hydrophosphination of heterocumulenes, i...
December 11, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Sorcha M Allen, Victor A Abrich, Paul S Bibby, Daniel Fishman, Win-Kuang Shen, Dan Sorajja
The risk of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias in patients with mild-to-moderately reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is unknown. This retrospective case-control study aims to identify the prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with the development of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) as documented on permanent pacemakers or implantable loop recorders in tertiary care center patients with an LVEF of 35% to 50%. Data pertaining to patient demographics, previous medical history, heart failure functional class, echocardiographic parameters, and survival were compared between the groups...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Dan Shen, Hao Li, Rui Zhou, Meng-Jie Liu, Hong Yu, Dong-Fang Wu
Pioglitazone (Piog) activates peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and is widely used in clinic for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. PPARγ in various tissues has the essential regulatory role of multiple metabolic function, suggest that PPARγ signaling may contribute to aging processes. However, little is known about the consequences of Piog on aging in aged animal models. We used apolipoprotein E deficient (apoE-/-) mice model to evaluate the effects of Piog on aging-related disorders...
December 5, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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