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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776408/pre-and-intra-operative-predictors-of-postoperative-hospital-length-of-stay-in-patients-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy-for-prostate-cancer-in-china-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Qingmei Huang, Ping Jiang, Lina Feng, Liping Xie, Shuo Wang, Dan Xia, Baihua Shen, Baiye Jin, Li Zheng, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay (LOS) has recently been receiving increasing attention as a marker of medical resource consumption. Identifying predictors of longer LOS can better equip doctors to counsel patients and facilitate more efficient patient flow and utilization of medical resources. The objective of this study was to identify pre- and intra-operative risk factors for postoperative hospital LOS in patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy in China. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 793 eligible patients with prostate cancer who had undergone radical prostatectomy in our institution between January 2011 and March 2016...
May 18, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752199/gemcitabine-oxaliplatin-plus-rituximab-r-gemox-as-first-line-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-single-arm-open-label-phase-2-trial
#2
Qiu-Dan Shen, Hua-Yuan Zhu, Li Wang, Lei Fan, Jin-Hua Liang, Lei Cao, Wei Wu, Yi Xia, Jian-Yong Li, Wei Xu
BACKGROUND: The combination of rituximab, gemcitabine, and oxaliplatin (R-GemOx) has shown high efficacy with a low toxicity profile in elderly patients with relapsed and refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of the R-GemOx regimen as a first-line treatment in elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS: In this single-arm, open-label, phase 2 clinical trial, we enrolled patients with previously untreated, histologically confirmed, CD20-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, aged 70 years or older, or aged 60-69 years with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 2 or greater...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745135/-impacts-of-warming-and-nitrogen-addition-on-organic-fraction-release-in-fresh-litter-of-larix-potaninii-in-alpine-zone-of-the-western-sichuan-province-china
#3
Yue Xi Chen, Bei Chen, Hui Sun, Li Hong Ma, Dan Jie Shen, Yan Yang Liu
The decomposition dynamics of organic components in fresh litter of Larix potaninii were monitored by in situ litter-bag incubation under four treatments, i.e., field condition (CK), nitrogen addition (AN, 2 g N·m-2 ), warming by top-open chamber (OTC), nitrogen addition with warming by top-open chamber (OTC+AN), from November to next September. Decomposition of water-soluble sugar, water-soluble phenol and total polyphenol were stimulated significantly under the treatment OTC, AN and OTC+AN during the first four months compared with the CK, but the difference of these components release narrowed with the extension of incubation time...
June 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744906/on-line-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-biochemical-detection-method-for-screening-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitors-in-green-tea
#4
Peng-Cheng Guo, Hua-Dan Shen, Jiang-Ji Fang, Tian-Ming Ding, Xiao-Ping Ding, Jun-Feng Liu
An on-line high performance liquid chromatography- biochemical detection (HPLC-BCD) method, which compounds separated by HPLC were on-line reacted with enzyme and substrate solutions delivered by flow injection and enzyme inhibition signal was collected in time by UV detector, was developed to rapidly screen α-glucosidase inhibitors from green tea extracts in this study. The chromatographic fingerprints and enzyme inhibition profiles of the different brands of green tea could be simultaneously detected by the on-line HPLC-BCD method...
May 9, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735752/selection-of-priority-natural-products-for-evaluation-as-potential-precipitants-of-natural-product-drug-interactions-a-napdi-center-recommended-approach
#5
Emily J Johnson, Vanessa Gonzalez-Perez, Dan-Dan Tian, Yvonne S Lin, Jashvant D Unadkat, Allan E Rettie, Danny D Shen, Jeannine S McCune, Mary F Paine
Pharmacokinetic interactions between natural products (NPs) and conventional medications (prescription and non-prescription) are a longstanding but understudied problem in contemporary pharmacotherapy. Consequently, there are no established methods for selecting and prioritizing commercially available NPs to evaluate as precipitants of NP-drug interactions (NPDIs). As such, NPDI discovery remains largely a retrospective, bedside-to-bench process. This Recommended Approach, developed by the Center of Excellence for Natural Product Drug Interaction Research (NaPDI Center), describes a systematic method for selecting NPs to evaluate as precipitants of potential clinically significant pharmacokinetic NPDIs...
May 7, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724833/genome-sequence-of-pseudomonas-chlororaphis-lzh-t5-a-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacterium-with-antimicrobial-activity
#6
Zhenghua Li, Xiaoming Li, Qiangcheng Zeng, Mei Chen, Dan Liu, Jihua Wang, Liang Shen, Feng Song
Pseudomonas chlororaphis Lzh-T5 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) with antimicrobial activity isolated from tomato rhizosphere in the city of Dezhou, Shandong Province, China. Here, the draft genome sequence of P. chlororaphis Lzh-T5 is reported, and several functional genes related to antifungal antibiotics and siderophore biosynthesis have been found in the genome.
May 3, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699923/discovery-of-dimethyl-pent-4-ynoic-acid-derivatives-as-potent-and-orally-bioavailable-dgat1-inhibitors-that-suppress-body-weight-in-diet-induced-mouse-obesity-model
#7
Tao Yu, Chengde Wu, NengYang Shih, Qi Li, Chichung Chan, He Pan, Dan Yao, Yan Pan, Wei Liang, Liang Shen, Hui Zhao, Jian Li, Shuhui Chen
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) is expressed abundantly in intestine, liver, and adipose tissues. DGAT1 is the crucial and rate-limiting enzyme that mediates the final step in triacylglycerol (TAG) resynthesis during dietary fat absorption. However, too much triacylglycerol (TAG) reserve will lead to genetic obesity (Hubert et al., 2000). DGAT1 knockout mice could survive and displayed a reduction in the postprandial rise of plasma TG, and increased sensitivity of insulin and leptin. Here we report the discovery and characterization of a novel selective DGAT1 inhibitor 29 to potentially treat obesity...
June 1, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694170/precision-measurement-of-the-e-e-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-_-c-%C3%AE-over-%C3%A2-_-c-cross-section-near-threshold
#8
M Ablikim, M N Achasov, S Ahmed, M Albrecht, M Alekseev, A Amoroso, F F An, Q An, J Z Bai, Y Bai, O Bakina, R Baldini Ferroli, Y Ban, K Begzsuren, D W Bennett, J V Bennett, N Berger, M Bertani, D Bettoni, F Bianchi, E Boger, I Boyko, R A Briere, H Cai, X Cai, O Cakir, A Calcaterra, G F Cao, S A Cetin, J Chai, J F Chang, G Chelkov, G Chen, H S Chen, J C Chen, M L Chen, P L Chen, S J Chen, X R Chen, Y B Chen, X K Chu, G Cibinetto, F Cossio, H L Dai, J P Dai, A Dbeyssi, D Dedovich, Z Y Deng, A Denig, I Denysenko, M Destefanis, F De Mori, Y Ding, C Dong, J Dong, L Y Dong, M Y Dong, Z L Dou, S X Du, P F Duan, J Fang, S S Fang, Y Fang, R Farinelli, L Fava, S Fegan, F Feldbauer, G Felici, C Q Feng, E Fioravanti, M Fritsch, C D Fu, Q Gao, X L Gao, Y Gao, Y G Gao, Z Gao, B Garillon, I Garzia, A Gilman, K Goetzen, L Gong, W X Gong, W Gradl, M Greco, M H Gu, Y T Gu, A Q Guo, R P Guo, Y P Guo, A Guskov, Z Haddadi, S Han, X Q Hao, F A Harris, K L He, X Q He, F H Heinsius, T Held, Y K Heng, T Holtmann, Z L Hou, H M Hu, J F Hu, T Hu, Y Hu, G S Huang, J S Huang, X T Huang, X Z Huang, Z L Huang, T Hussain, W Ikegami Andersson, Q Ji, Q P Ji, X B Ji, X L Ji, X S Jiang, X Y Jiang, J B Jiao, Z Jiao, D P Jin, S Jin, Y Jin, T Johansson, A Julin, N Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X S Kang, M Kavatsyuk, B C Ke, T Khan, A Khoukaz, P Kiese, R Kliemt, L Koch, O B Kolcu, B Kopf, M Kornicer, M Kuemmel, M Kuhlmann, A Kupsc, W Kühn, J S Lange, M Lara, P Larin, L Lavezzi, H Leithoff, C Li, Cheng Li, D M Li, F Li, F Y Li, G Li, H B Li, H J Li, J C Li, J W Li, Jin Li, K J Li, Kang Li, Ke Li, Lei Li, P L Li, P R Li, Q Y Li, W D Li, W G Li, X L Li, X N Li, X Q Li, Z B Li, H Liang, Y F Liang, Y T Liang, G R Liao, J Libby, C X Lin, D X Lin, B Liu, B J Liu, C X Liu, D Liu, F H Liu, Fang Liu, Feng Liu, H B Liu, H L Liu, H M Liu, Huanhuan Liu, Huihui Liu, J B Liu, J Y Liu, K Liu, K Y Liu, Ke Liu, L D Liu, Q Liu, S B Liu, X Liu, Y B Liu, Z A Liu, Zhiqing Liu, Y F Long, X C Lou, H J Lu, J G Lu, Y Lu, Y P Lu, C L Luo, M X Luo, X L Luo, S Lusso, X R Lyu, F C Ma, H L Ma, L L Ma, M M Ma, Q M Ma, T Ma, X N Ma, X Y Ma, Y M Ma, F E Maas, M Maggiora, Q A Malik, Y J Mao, Z P Mao, S Marcello, Z X Meng, J G Messchendorp, G Mezzadri, J Min, R E Mitchell, X H Mo, Y J Mo, C Morales Morales, N Yu Muchnoi, H Muramatsu, A Mustafa, Y Nefedov, F Nerling, I B Nikolaev, Z Ning, S Nisar, S L Niu, X Y Niu, S L Olsen, Q Ouyang, S Pacetti, Y Pan, M Papenbrock, P Patteri, M Pelizaeus, J Pellegrino, H P Peng, Z Y Peng, K Peters, J Pettersson, J L Ping, R G Ping, A Pitka, R Poling, V Prasad, H R Qi, M Qi, T Y Qi, S Qian, C F Qiao, N Qin, X S Qin, Z H Qin, J F Qiu, K H Rashid, C F Redmer, M Richter, M Ripka, M Rolo, G Rong, Ch Rosner, A Sarantsev, M Savrié, C Schnier, K Schoenning, W Shan, X Y Shan, M Shao, C P Shen, P X Shen, X Y Shen, H Y Sheng, X Shi, J J Song, W M Song, X Y Song, S Sosio, C Sowa, S Spataro, G X Sun, J F Sun, L Sun, S S Sun, X H Sun, Y J Sun, Y K Sun, Y Z Sun, Z J Sun, Z T Sun, Y T Tan, C J Tang, G Y Tang, X Tang, I Tapan, M Tiemens, B Tsednee, I Uman, G S Varner, B Wang, B L Wang, D Wang, D Y Wang, Dan Wang, K Wang, L L Wang, L S Wang, M Wang, Meng Wang, P Wang, P L Wang, W P Wang, X F Wang, Y Wang, Y D Wang, Y F Wang, Y Q Wang, Z Wang, Z G Wang, Z Y Wang, Zongyuan Wang, T Weber, D H Wei, J H Wei, P Weidenkaff, S P Wen, U Wiedner, M Wolke, L H Wu, L J Wu, Z Wu, L Xia, Y Xia, D Xiao, Y J Xiao, Z J Xiao, Y G Xie, Y H Xie, X A Xiong, Q L Xiu, G F Xu, J J Xu, L Xu, Q J Xu, Q N Xu, X P Xu, F Yan, L Yan, W B Yan, W C Yan, Y H Yan, H J Yang, H X Yang, L Yang, Y H Yang, Y X Yang, Yifan Yang, M Ye, M H Ye, J H Yin, Z Y You, B X Yu, C X Yu, J S Yu, C Z Yuan, Y Yuan, A Yuncu, A A Zafar, Y Zeng, Z Zeng, B X Zhang, B Y Zhang, C C Zhang, D H Zhang, H H Zhang, H Y Zhang, J Zhang, J L Zhang, J Q Zhang, J W Zhang, J Y Zhang, J Z Zhang, K Zhang, L Zhang, S Q Zhang, X Y Zhang, Y Zhang, Y H Zhang, Y T Zhang, Yang Zhang, Yao Zhang, Yu Zhang, Z H Zhang, Z P Zhang, Z Y Zhang, G Zhao, J W Zhao, J Y Zhao, J Z Zhao, Lei Zhao, Ling Zhao, M G Zhao, Q Zhao, S J Zhao, T C Zhao, Y B Zhao, Z G Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zheng, J P Zheng, Y H Zheng, B Zhong, L Zhou, Q Zhou, X Zhou, X K Zhou, X R Zhou, X Y Zhou, A N Zhu, J Zhu, K Zhu, K J Zhu, S Zhu, S H Zhu, X L Zhu, Y C Zhu, Y S Zhu, Z A Zhu, J Zhuang, B S Zou, J H Zou
The cross section of the e^{+}e^{-}→Λ_{c}^{+}Λ[over ¯]_{c}^{-} process is measured with unprecedented precision using data collected with the BESIII detector at sqrt[s]=4574.5, 4580.0, 4590.0 and 4599.5 MeV. The nonzero cross section near the Λ_{c}^{+}Λ[over ¯]_{c}^{-} production threshold is cleared. At center-of-mass energies sqrt[s]=4574.5 and 4599.5 MeV, the higher statistics data enable us to measure the Λ_{c} polar angle distributions. From these, the Λ_{c} electric over magnetic form-factor ratios (|G_{E}/G_{M}|) are measured for the first time...
March 30, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683971/extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-chronic-pancreatitis-patients-with-stones-after-pancreatic-surgery
#9
Dan Wang, Jun-Tao Ji, Lei Xin, Ya-Wei Bi, Jun Pan, Zhuan Liao, Ting-Ting Du, Jin-Huan Lin, Di Zhang, Xiang-Peng Zeng, Bo Ye, Wen-Bin Zou, Hui Chen, Ting Xie, Bai-Rong Li, Zhao-Hong Zheng, Zhao-Shen Li, Liang-Hao Hu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pancreatic extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (P-ESWL) in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients with pancreatic stones after previous pancreatic surgery. METHODS: This is a single-center study prospectively conducted in pained CP patients undergoing P-ESWL. Patients with a pancreatic surgery history (PSH) were included in the PSH group, and patients without a PSH during the same period were assigned to the control group...
April 19, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677375/characteristics-of-retinal-structural-and-microvascular-alterations-in-early-type-2-diabetic-patients
#10
Qi Chen, Fan Tan, Yufei Wu, Xiran Zhuang, Chaoming Wu, Yuheng Zhou, Yingzi Li, Dan Cheng, Jianhua Wang, Fan Lu, Meixiao Shen
Purpose: To investigate early retinal structural and microvascular changes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to analyze relationships among the retinal structure, microvasculature, and choroid. Methods: Seventy-seven patients with type 2 DM (40 with no diabetic retinopathy [DR], 37 with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy [NPDR]), and 34 control subjects were enrolled. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, operating in radial 18-line mode, obtained macular images of the eight intraretinal layers and the choroid...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676106/-medication-regularity-and-potential-targets-of-professor-xu-jing-fan-s-prescription-for-treating-ulcerative-colitis
#11
Li-Qin Ning, Bai Ye, Hong Shen, Wei-Min Lu, Dan-Hua Xu, Jing Yan, Chang Tan, De-Cai Tang
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic nonspecific inflammation mainly involving rectum and colon mucosa, which seriously affects the health and quality of life of patients, and is listed as one of modern refractory diseases by WHO. Professor XU Jing-fan, a great master of traditional Chinese medicine, has accumulated rich experiences in the treatment of UC. The study collected Professor XU's 77 prescriptions of treating UC, analyzed the frequency of traditional Chinese medicines and there categories, and investigated the medication regularity by the system clustering method...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661228/mir-760-suppresses-human-colorectal-cancer-growth-by-targeting-batf3-ap-1-cyclind1-signaling
#12
Ling Cao, Yulin Liu, Dan Wang, Lan Huang, Feng Li, Jinbo Liu, Chaoqi Zhang, Zhibo Shen, Qun Gao, Weitang Yuan, Yi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that microRNAs (miRNAs) often function as negative post-transcriptional regulators with altered expression levels found in colorectal cancer (CRC). There have been few studies on miRNAs that regulate the oncogenic alterations in CRC. Here, we aim to explore the anti-cancer miRNA and the potential mechanisms by which miRNAs modulate CRC progression. METHODS: We performed an integrated analysis of CRC miRNA expression datasets in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660467/investigation-of-constituents-from-cinnamomum-camphora-l-j-presl-and-evaluation-of-their-anti-inflammatory-properties-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-raw-264-7-macrophages
#13
Yan-Ru Li, Chun-Sheng Fu, Wen-Jing Yang, Xiao-Ling Wang, Dan Feng, Xiao-Ning Wang, Dong-Mei Ren, Hong-Xiang Lou, Tao Shen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl has been used for the traditional medicine as a therapeutic agent of inflammation-related diseases, including sprains, rheumatic arthritis, abdominal pain, cough and bronchitis, for a long history. The aim of the present study was to illustrate anti-inflammatory substances of C. camphora and their mechanism of action, and to establish the correlations between chemical constituents and traditional uses of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemical constituents were purified by chromatographic methods, and their structures were established based on spectroscopic analysis...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650248/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-the-china-pulmonary-health-cph-study-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#14
Chen Wang, Jianying Xu, Lan Yang, Yongjian Xu, Xiangyan Zhang, Chunxue Bai, Jian Kang, Pixin Ran, Huahao Shen, Fuqiang Wen, Kewu Huang, Wanzhen Yao, Tieying Sun, Guangliang Shan, Ting Yang, Yingxiang Lin, Sinan Wu, Jianguo Zhu, Ruiying Wang, Zhihong Shi, Jianping Zhao, Xianwei Ye, Yuanlin Song, Qiuyue Wang, Yumin Zhou, Liren Ding, Ting Yang, Yahong Chen, Yanfei Guo, Fei Xiao, Yong Lu, Xiaoxia Peng, Biao Zhang, Dan Xiao, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Zuomin Wang, Hong Zhang, Xiaoning Bu, Xiaolei Zhang, Li An, Shu Zhang, Zhixin Cao, Qingyuan Zhan, Yuanhua Yang, Bin Cao, Huaping Dai, Lirong Liang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: Although exposure to cigarette smoking and air pollution is common, the current prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unknown in the Chinese adult population. We conducted the China Pulmonary Health (CPH) study to assess the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in China. METHODS: The CPH study is a cross-sectional study in a nationally representative sample of adults aged 20 years or older from ten provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China...
April 9, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643009/development-of-a-novel-recycling-system-for-waste-cathode-ray-tube-funnel-glass-based-on-the-integration-of-nanoscale-fe-0-with-ball-milling
#15
Chunfeng Wang, Dan Yao, Yang Liu, Yufan Wu, Jinyou Shen
A novel and effective system was developed for recycling cathode ray tube (CRT) funnel glass wastes. Initially, the combination of nanoscale Fe0 with ball milling promoted lead transfer that was strongly encapsulated in the glass inner structure to the surface of funnel glass and/or adhere to iron substance due to the collapse of SiO bonds. This condition enhanced the dissolution of lead in the acid solution. A high lead extraction rate of 97.8% from funnel glass was achieved through nitric acid leaching by optimizing the operational parameters (Fe0 /funnel glass mass ratio, 0...
April 9, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628918/identification-and-characterization-of-fluoroquinolone-non-susceptible-streptococcus-pyogenes-clones-harboring-tetracycline-and-macrolide-resistance-in-shanghai-china
#16
Yinfang Shen, Jiehao Cai, Mark R Davies, Chi Zhang, Kun Gao, Dan Qiao, Haoqin Jiang, Weilei Yao, Yuefang Li, Mei Zeng, Mingliang Chen
Streptococcus pyogenes , also known as group A Streptococcus (GAS), is one of the top 10 infectious causes of death worldwide. Macrolide and tetracycline resistant GAS has emerged as a major health concern in China coinciding with an ongoing scarlet fever epidemic. Furthermore, increasing rates of fluoroquinolone (FQ) non-susceptibility within GAS from geographical regions outside of China has also been reported. Fluoroquinolones are the third most commonly prescribed antibiotic in China and is an therapeutic alternative for multi-drug resistant GAS...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627876/naringin-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-inhibiting-peroxynitrite-mediated-mitophagy-activation
#17
Jinghan Feng, Xingmiao Chen, Shengwen Lu, Wenting Li, Dan Yang, Weiwei Su, Xijun Wang, Jiangang Shen
Excessive autophagy/mitophagy plays important roles during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Peroxynitrite (ONOO- ), a representative reactive nitrogen species, mediates excessive mitophagy activation and exacerbates cerebral I/R injury. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that naringin, a natural antioxidant, could inhibit ONOO- -mediated mitophagy activation and attenuate cerebral I/R injury. Firstly, we demonstrated that naringin possessed strong ONOO- scavenging capability and also inhibited the production of superoxide and nitric oxide in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to 10 h oxygen-glucose-deprivation plus 14 h of reoxygenation or ONOO- donor 3-morpholinosydnonimine conditions...
April 7, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625452/inner-retinal-microvasculature-damage-correlates-with-outer-retinal-disruption-during-remission-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-posterior-uveitis-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#18
Dan Cheng, Meixiao Shen, Xiran Zhuang, Dan Lin, Mali Dai, Sisi Chen, Fan Lu, Yuqin Wang
Purpose: To quantify the inner retinal vascular changes that occur in the superficial and deep layers in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) in remission using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to evaluate the associations with outer retinal structure. Methods: Nineteen eyes from 19 patients with BD in remission were enrolled, including 10 eyes with less than five ocular attacks (n < 5) and nine eyes with five or more attacks (n ≥ 5). The foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and global and regional vessel density (VD) in both layers were compared between BD eyes and normal eyes...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622561/o-linked-%C3%AE-n-acetylglucosamine-modification-of-a20-enhances-the-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-elicits-vascular-protection-after-acute-endoluminal-arterial-injury
#19
Dan Yao, Lijuan Xu, Oufan Xu, Rujun Li, Mingxing Chen, Hui Shen, Huajiang Zhu, Fengyi Zhang, Deshang Yao, Yiu-Fai Chen, Suzanne Oparil, Zhengang Zhang, Kaizheng Gong
OBJECTIVE: Recently, we have demonstrated that acute glucosamine-induced augmentation of protein O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) levels inhibits inflammation in isolated vascular smooth muscle cells and neointimal formation in a rat model of carotid injury by interfering with NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB) signaling. However, the specific molecular target for O-GlcNAcylation that is responsible for glucosamine-induced vascular protection remains unclear. In this study, we test the hypothesis that increased A20 O-GlcNAcylation is required for glucosamine-mediated inhibition of inflammation and vascular protection...
April 5, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621733/20-r-ginsenoside-rg3-a-rare-saponin-from-red-ginseng-ameliorates-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-suppressing-pi3k-akt-pathway-mediated-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#20
Yan-Dan Zhou, Jin-Gang Hou, Wei Liu, Shen Ren, Ying-Ping Wang, Rui Zhang, Chen Chen, Zi Wang, Wei Li
Although ginsenoside Rg3 was isolated as a major component of Korea red ginseng and confirmed to exert potential hepatoprotective effect on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury via induction of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in vitro, thein vivo hepatoprotective effect of Rg3 and the underlying molecular mechanism of action remain unclear. The current study was aimed to explore whether 20(R)-Ginsenoside Rg3 (20(R)-Rg3) could alleviate acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice and to determine the involvement of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway...
April 2, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
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