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men infertility

M C Lardone, F Argandoña, M Flórez, A Parada-Bustamante, M Ebensperger, C Palma, A Piottante, A Castro
Several observational studies have showed a combination of lower testosterone (T) to LH ratio and higher estradiol (E2 ) to T ratio in secretory infertile men compared to men with normal spermatogenesis, suggesting a steroidogenic dysfunction of Leydig cells (Lc) that may involve increased aromatase activity. Low T/LH ratio is associated with Lc hyperplasia, which together with LH hyperstimulation may represent compensation for impaired T production. Aromatase expression and oestrogen production are mainly detected in Lc of the testis, although Sertoli and germ cells also contribute to testicular aromatase activity...
October 21, 2016: Andrology
Mario Montanino Oliva, Elisa Minutolo, Assunta Lippa, Paola Iaconianni, Alberto Vaiarelli
This prospective longitudinal study investigated the effects of a dietary supplement in patients affected by reduced sperm motility (asthenospermic males) with metabolic syndrome. The product tested was Andrositol®, which contains myoinositol (MI) as principal compound, in association with other molecules, and the parameters evaluated were semen characteristics as well as hormone and metabolic profiles. The inclusion criteria were subjects aged over 18 years, with asthenospermia and metabolic syndrome. The exclusion criteria were presence of cryptorchidism, varicocele, and prostatitis...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Jason R Kovac, Ryan P Smith, Miguel Cajipe, Dolores J Lamb, Larry I Lipshultz
In couples with infertility, abnormal strict morphology of 0% normal forms (NF) is a criterion to proceed rapidly to in vitro fertilization (IVF). Since no data currently exist, we investigated the outcomes for men with 0% NF to determine reproductive success without the use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). A cohort of 24 men with 0% NF were identified (2010-2013) with 27 randomly selected men with ≥4% NF as controls. Patient charts were reviewed with men contacted and administered an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved telephone questionnaire to ascertain outcomes...
September 30, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Xiangrong Cui, Xuan Jing, Xueqing Wu, Meiqin Yan
Male infertility is a complex, multifactorial and polygenic disease that contributes to ~50% cases of infertility. Previous studies have demonstrated that excess weight and obesity factors serve an important role in the development of male infertility. An increasing number of studies have reported that resveratrol may regulate the response of cells to specific stimuli that induce cell injury, as well as decrease germ cell apoptosis in mice or rats. In the present study, the semen quality and serum sex hormone levels were evaluated in 324 men, which included 73 underweight, 82 normal weight, 95 overweight and 74 obese men...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
L Alimardanian, K Saliminejad, S Razi, A Ahani
Microdeletions of the azoospermia factor (AZF) regions in the Y chromosome are a well-known genetic cause of male infertility, resulting in impairment of spermatogenesis. However, the partial deletions of AZFc region related to spermatogenetic impairment are controversial. We investigated partial deletion of AZFc region and DAZ copy number in a population of Iranian infertile men and normozoospermic controls. In total, 154 infertile men (113 patients with azoospermia, 41 with oligozoospermia) and 111 normozoospermic controls were analysed using PCR...
November 2016: Andrologia
M Schick, S Rösner, B Toth, T Strowitzki, A Jank, H Kentenich, C Thöne, T Wischmann
Goal of this study was to investigate differences in quality of life in men contingent upon various fertility treatment stages, infertility causes and adoption of roles. A quantitative study with n = 115 men in three German fertility centres was devised. Participants completed a standardised, fertility-specific questionnaire devised for men (TLMK), sociodemographic and role items. Men having experienced severe medical conditions, for example cancer, reported significant higher quality of life compared to men with other infertility reasons [F(1,56) = 12...
November 2016: Andrologia
Rachel Busuttil Leaver
It is estimated that 3.5 million people in the UK, that is one in every seven couples, have fertility problems. In the past, it was assumed that the cause always lay with the woman. However, developments in science brought a greater understanding of the process of sperm production and conception. It is now known that up to 30% of fertility problems may be because of the man alone and up to 90% of these are down to low sperm count or low sperm quality or both. This paper offers a review of the causes and potential factors that affect male fertility together with an overview of diagnosis, investigation and current treatment options for these men...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
F Lotti, G Corona, G Castellini, E Maseroli, M G Fino, M Cozzolino, M Maggi
STUDY QUESTION: Is sexual dysfunction associated with severity of semen quality impairment in men with couple infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: In males of infertile couples the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) increases as a function of semen quality impairment severity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infertile men are at a higher risk for sexual dysfunction, psychopathological and general health disorders. However, it has never been systematically investigated if these problems are associated with severity of semen quality impairment...
October 12, 2016: Human Reproduction
Alice Luddi, Laura Crifasi, Antonella Quagliarello, Laura Governini, Vincenzo De Leo, Paola Piomboni
Some studies have focused on the association between male infertility and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ubiquitin-specific protease 26 (USP26) gene, but the results are controversial. In this case-control study including both normozoospermic men and patients with nonobstructive azoospermia, we analyzed both the entire coding region and 5' and 3' untranslated regions of USP26 in order to identify genetic variants in this gene to investigate the role of USP26 on spermatogenesis. We reported variations in the USP26 gene sequence in 82% of azoospermic and in 50% normospermic men...
October 11, 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Sandro C Esteves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
M Zeinali, A Hadian Amree, H Khorramdelazad, H Karami, M Abedinzadeh
Varicocele is one of causes of the declined sperm quality and low sperm production, which can lead to infertility in males. There are several experimental and epidemiological findings which support the idea that inflammatory mechanisms play an essential role in varicocele pathogenesis. Besides, in this pathological state, interleukin-37 (IL-37) as an anti-inflammatory cytokine is able to bind interleukin-18-binding protein (IL-18BP), and subsequently binds IL-18 receptor β, inhibiting the pro-inflammatory activity of IL-18...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Y-W Sha, L Ding, J-X Wu, S-B Lin, X Wang, Z-Y Ji, P Li
Spermatozoa morphology, an important parameter in a semen specimen's potential fertility evaluation, is a significant factor for in vitro fertilisation in assisted reproductive technology. Eleven sterile men with headless spermatozoa, a type of human teratozoospermia, are presented. Their ejaculates' headless spermatozoa percentages were high with rare normal spermatozoa forms. Additionally, abnormal morphology (e.g. round-headed or microcephalic spermatozoa) was also found. Spermatozoa motility was somewhat affected, potentially because of the missing mitochondrial sheath at the sperm tail base...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
F Belva, M Bonduelle, M Roelants, D Michielsen, A Van Steirteghem, G Verheyen, H Tournaye
STUDY QUESTION: What is the semen quality of young adult men who were conceived 18-22 years ago by ICSI for male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this cohort of 54 young adult ICSI men, median sperm concentration, total sperm count and total motile sperm count were significantly lower than in spontaneously conceived peers. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The oldest ICSI offspring cohort worldwide has recently reached adulthood. Hence, their reproductive health can now be investigated...
October 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
Melania Ruggeri, Sara Cannas, Marina Cubeddu, Paola Molicotti, Gennarina Laura Piras, Salvatore Dessole, Stefania Zanetti
Infertility is a problem affecting almost 15% of couples. There are many causes for this condition, among which urogenital bacterial infections seem to play an important role. Many studies have explained the mechanisms by which bacteria cause infertility both in men and women. Therefore we undertook this study to evaluate the presence of genito-urinary infections in infertile couples who sought counselling to investigate their condition. Microbiological analysis was performed on semen and vaginal/cervical samples of both partners of each couple...
July 2016: New Microbiologica
Jeremie Richard, Icoquih Badillo-Amberg, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Past research has suggested that social support can reduce the negative psychological consequences associated with infertility. Online discussion boards (ODBs) appear to be a novel and valuable venue for men with fertility problems to acquire support from similar others. Research has not employed a social support framework to classify the types of support men are offered and receive. Using template, content, and thematic analysis, this study sought to identify what types of social support men seek and receive on online infertility discussion boards while exploring how men having fertility problems use appraisal support to assist other men...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Eri Maeda, Fumiaki Nakamura, Jacky Boivin, Yasuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Sugimori, Hidekazu Saito
Although fertility educational initiatives have increased in developed countries to prevent infertility and to broaden fertility choices, the relationship between knowledge and behaviour is still poorly understood. In order to investigate the association between fertility knowledge and timing of childbearing, we investigated male and female participants between 35 and 44 years of age who had children (n = 640) from an online survey conducted in Japan in 2013. The age at which participants actually gave birth to or fathered their first child was compared between those who were aware for at least a decade of age-related decline in female fertility (hereinafter, those with past fertility knowledge) and those without...
October 5, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
A Ulloa-Aguirre, S Lira-Albarrán
The pituitary gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) play a pivotal role in reproduction. The synthesis and secretion of gonadotropins are regulated by complex interactions among several endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine factors of diverse chemical structure. In men, LH regulates the synthesis of androgens by the Leydig cells, whereas FSH promotes Sertoli cell function and thereby influences spermatogenesis. Gonadotropins are complex molecules composed of two subunits, the α- and β-subunit, that are noncovalently associated...
2016: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
Mohammad Mehdi Heidari, Mehri Khatami, Amirhossein Danafar, Tahere Dianat, Ghazaleh Farahmand, Ali Reza Talebi
BACKGROUND: Several recent studies have shown that mitochondrial DNA mutations lead to major disabilities and premature death in carriers. More than 150 mutations in human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genes have been associated with a wide spectrum of disorders. Varicocele, one of the causes of infertility in men wherein abnormal inflexion and distension of veins of the pampiniform plexus is observed within spermatic cord, can increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in semen and cause oxidative stress and sperm dysfunction in patients...
October 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Mahdi Sepidarkish, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Fatemeh Shokri, Samira Vesali, Elaheh Karimi, Reza Omani Samani
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted on the infertility problems in Iran. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of infertility problems and related factors in Iranian infertile patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 405 infertile patients referred to Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran, between 2014 and 2015, were selected by simple random sampling. Participants completed the Fertility Problem Inventory (FPI) including 46 questions in five domains (social concern, sexual concern, relationship concern, rejection of parenthood, and need for parenthood)...
October 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Ashok Agarwal, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Kimberly B Bjugstad, Chak-Lam Cho
The diagnosis of male infertility relies largely on conventional semen analysis, and its interpretation has a profound influence on subsequent management of patients. Despite poor correlation between conventional semen parameters and male fertility potential, inclusion of advanced semen quality tests to routine male infertility workup algorithms has not been widely accepted. Oxidative stress is one of the major mediators in various etiologies of male infertility; it has deleterious effects on spermatozoa, including DNA damage...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
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