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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#1
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930980/vitamin-d3-intake-as-regulator-of-insulin-degrading-enzyme-and-insulin-receptor-phosphorylation-in-diabetic-rats
#2
Mohamed Mahmoud Elseweidy, Rawia Sarhan Amin, Hebatallah Husseini Atteia, Maha Abdo Ali
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE, insulysin) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the insulin degradation process. It is an intracellular 110-kDa thiol zinc-metalloendopeptidase located in the cytosol, peroxisomes, endosomes and cell surface. IDE catalyzes degradation of several small proteins including insulin, amylin and β-amyloid protein. In addition, insulin clearance was expressed as a target in the treatment of type 2 diabetes given the role of hyperinsulinemia in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. In this study, fourtyadult male Wistar albino rats were used, thirty rats received 20% fructose in drinking water (HFW) for six weeks to induce diabetes...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930524/dietary-protein-and-fat-intake-in-relation-to-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-korean
#3
Sun Young Yang, Young Sun Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Jueun Seol, Ji Hyun Song, Goh Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Sun Hee Lim, Joo Sung Kim
Consumption of red meat and alcohol are known risk factors for colorectal cancer, but associations for dietary fat remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary fat, protein, and energy intake with prevalence of colorectal adenoma.We performed a prospective cross-sectional study on asymptomatic persons who underwent a screening colonoscopy at a single center during a routine health check-up from May to December 2011. Dietary data were obtained via a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), assisted by a registered dietician...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928525/effects-of-alcohol-consumption-frequency-on-health-index-in-korean-women
#4
Hee-Ju Kwon, Ik-Rae Cho, Hyo-Joo Park, Tae-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the status of Korean women's alcohol consumption and identified the physical changes they undergo according to the level of consumption. The results of this study may thus be used as raw data to effectively control women' drinking habits. METHODS: This study consists of a secondary analysis using data from female participants in the 6(th) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(2013-2014, V-2)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925712/quantitative-assessment-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#5
Małgorzata Szczuko, Magdalena Skowronek, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Andrzej Starczewski
Background: PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is called a pathology of the XX century and affects at least 10-15% women of childbearing age. The therapy involves pharmacotherapy of hormonal imbalance, as well as the change of lifestyle, including the diet. Objective: Performing the quantitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS, comparing the results with current dietary standards for Polish people and defining dietary requirements for the patients...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919542/total-hdl-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-in-healthy-children-associations-with-adiposity-and-dietary-intakes-of-mother-and-child
#6
H Khalil, C Murrin, M O'Reilly, K Viljoen, R Segurado, J O'Brien, R Somerville, F McGillicuddy, C C Kelleher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol efflux capacity in adults may be a measure of the atheroprotective property of HDL. Little however, is known about HDL cholesterol efflux capacity in childhood. We aimed to investigate the relationship between HDL cholesterol efflux capacity and childhood anthropometrics in a longitudinal study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-five children (mean age = 9.4 ± 0.4 years) were followed from birth until the age of 9 years...
October 12, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919453/dietary-tartary-buckwheat-intake-attenuates-insulin-resistance-and-improves-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ju Qiu, Yanping Liu, Yanfen Yue, Yuchang Qin, Zaigui Li
Tartary buckwheat (TB) is rich in protein, dietary fiber, and flavonoids and has been reported to affect type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in animal experiments, but limited information on the benefit of TB as a whole food in T2DM patients is available. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that a daily replacement of a portion of the staple food with TB will improve risk factors of T2DM, including fasting glucose, insulin resistance, and lipid profile. In a parallel, randomized, open-label, controlled trial, 165 T2DM patients were randomly assigned to a control diet group (DC group; systematic diet plans and intensive nutritional education) or a TB intervention group (TB group; daily replacement of a portion of staple food with TB food)...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909554/high-maysin-corn-silk-extract-reduces-body-weight-and-fat-deposition-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-high-fat-diets
#8
Eun Young Lee, Sun Lim Kim, Hyeon Jung Kang, Myung Hwan Kim, Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUNG/OBJECTIVES: The study was performed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of action of high maysin corn silk extract on body weight and fat deposition in experimental animals. MATERIALS/METHODS: A total of 30 male C57BL/6J mice, 4-weeks-old, were purchased and divided into three groups by weight using a randomized block design. The normal-fat (NF) group received 7% fat (diet weight basis), the high-fat (HF) group received 25% fat and 0.5% cholesterol, and the high-fat corn silk (HFCS) group received high-fat diet and high maysin corn silk extract at 100 mg/kg body weight through daily oral administration...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904578/low-energy-density-diet-weight-loss-maintenance-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-following-a-recent-weight-reduction-program-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Golgis Karimi, Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of a low energy dense diet on weight maintenance and cardiovascular risks following a recent weight reduction. Therefore, we assessed if weight maintenance, lipid profiles, and glycemic control differ between low energy density (LED) diet and usual diet consumers following a recent weight reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study in a parallel design, we recruited 70 patients with the history of weight reduction in the recent 1 year...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904566/the-characteristics-of-pre-diabetic-patients-associated-with-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-the-iranian-population
#10
Zahra Gholi, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Different populations have shown various patterns of association between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and body composition parameters and risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The current study aimed at investigating the differences between persons with prediabetes and healthy people in terms of CVD risk factors including body composition parameters, blood pressure, and lipid profile in a sample of the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control setting, a sample containing 386 (193 prediabetic subjects and 193 normal subjects) of the first-degree relatives of diabetic patients aged 35-55 years were investigated...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903520/visceral-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-after-very-high-fat-and-low-fat-isocaloric-diets-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Vivian L Veum, Johnny Laupsa-Borge, Øyvin Eng, Espen Rostrup, Terje H Larsen, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Ottar K Nygård, Jørn V Sagen, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen, Simon N Dankel, Gunnar Mellgren
BACKGROUND: Different aspects of dietary pattern, including macronutrient and food profiles, may affect visceral fat mass and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that consuming energy primarily from carbohydrate or fat in diets with similar food profiles would differentially affect the ability to reverse visceral adiposity and metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: Forty-six men (aged 30-50 y) with body mass index (in kg/m(2)) >29 and waist circumference >98 cm were randomly assigned to a very high-fat, low-carbohydrate (VHFLC; 73% of energy fat and 10% of energy carbohydrate) or low-fat, high-carbohydrate (LFHC; 30% of energy fat and 53% of energy carbohydrate) diet for 12 wk...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898861/interactions-between-levels-of-heat-treated-soybean-meal-and-prilled-fat-on-growth-rumen-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-calves
#12
M Kazemi-Bonchenari, M Mirzaei, M Jahani-Moghadam, A Soltani, E Mahjoubi, R A Patton
This study evaluated the interaction of RUP and fat levels on growth, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of Holstein calves. Forty 3-d-old calves (20 females and 20 males) with a starting BW of 40.6 ± 2.8 kg were used in a completely randomized design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Within sex treatments were: (1) high RUP and low fat (HRUP-LF); (2) low RUP and high fat (LRUP-HF); (3) high RUP and low fat (HRUP-LF); and high RUP and high fat (HRUP-HF). Low-RUP starter contained 21...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898652/natural-mineral-rich-water-ingestion-by-ovariectomized-fructose-fed-sprague-dawley-rats-effects-on-sirtuin-1-and-glucocorticoid-signaling-pathways
#13
Jugal Kishore Das, Milton Severo, Cidália Dionísio Pereira, Emília Patrício, José Magalhães, Rosário Monteiro, Delminda Neves, Maria João Martins
OBJECTIVE: Prevention or induction of metabolic disorders and obesity depend on estrogen signaling and/or exogenous factors, such as mineral content in diet. The protective effects of a Portuguese natural mineral-rich water against the induction of metabolic syndrome in fructose-fed male Sprague-Dawley rats have been reported. The present study was designed to assess the impact of this mineral-rich water on fructose-fed estrogen-deficient female Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: Ovariectomized rats had access to tap (TWO) or mineral-rich (MWO) waters, with and without 10% fructose (10-wk treatment)...
November 28, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890487/polyphenol-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-population-with%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#14
Marilena Vitale, Olga Vaccaro, Maria Masulli, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Carlo B Giorda, Antonio Nicolucci, Sebastiano Squatrito, Stefania Auciello, Anna C Babini, Laura Bani, Raffaella Buzzetti, Emanuela Cannarsa, Mauro Cignarelli, Massimo Cigolini, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Cocozza, Laura Corsi, Federica D'Angelo, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Graziano Di Cianni, Lucia Fontana, Giovanna Gregori, Sara Grioni, Carla Giordano, Rossella Iannarelli, Ciro Iovine, Annunziata Lapolla, Davide Lauro, Luigi Laviola, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Stefano Signorini, Laura Tonutti, Roberto Trevisan, Chiara Zamboni, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese
BACKGROUND: The role of polyphenol intake on cardiovascular risk factors is little explored, particularly in people with diabetes. AIM: To evaluate the association between the intake of total polyphenols and polyphenol classes with the major cardiovascular risk factors in a population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary habits were investigated in 2573 males and females participants of the TOSCA.IT study. The European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883935/liquid-fructose-in-western-diet-fed-mice-impairs-liver-insulin-signaling-and-causes-cholesterol-and-triglyceride-loading-without-changing-calorie-intake-and-body-weight
#15
Miguel Baena, Gemma Sangüesa, Natalia Hutter, José María Beltrán, Rosa María Sánchez, Núria Roglans, Marta Alegret, Juan Carlos Laguna
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Liquid fructose associates with prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. Intervention studies suggest that metabolically unfit individuals are more responsive than healthy individuals to liquid fructose. We determined whether mice consuming an obesogenic Western diet were more responsive than chow-fed mice to the alterations induced by liquid fructose supplementation (LFS). METHODS: C57BL/6N mice were fed chow or Western diet±ad libitum 15% fructose solution for 12 weeks...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881400/loss-of-ucp1-exacerbates-western-diet-induced-glycemic-dysregulation-independent-of-changes-in-body-weight-in-female-mice
#16
Nathan C Winn, Victoria J Vieira-Potter, Michelle L Gastecki, Rebecca J Welly, Rebecca J Scroggins, Terese M Zidon, T'Keaya L Gaines, Makenzie L Woodford, Natalia G Karasseva, Jill A Kanaley, Harold S Sacks, Jaume Padilla
We tested the hypothesis that female mice null for UCP1 would have increased susceptibility to Western diet-induced "whitening" of brown adipose tissue (AT) and glucose intolerance. Six-week old C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and UCP1 knockout (UCP1(-/-)) mice, housed at 25°C, were randomized to either a control diet (10% kcal from fat) or Western diet (45% kcal from fat and 1% cholesterol) for 28 weeks. Loss of UCP1 had no effect on energy intake, energy expenditure, spontaneous physical activity, weight gain, or visceral white AT mass...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878513/nanoselenium-supplementation-of-heat-stressed-broilers-effects-on-performance-carcass-characteristics-blood-metabolites-immune-response-antioxidant-status-and-jejunal-morphology
#17
Morteza Safdari-Rostamabad, Seyyed Javad Hosseini-Vashan, Ali Hossein Perai, Hadi Sarir
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary nanoselenium supplementation at 0, 0.6 and 1.2 mg/kg of diet on growth performance, serum biochemical parameters, immune response, antioxidant capacity, and jejunal morphology of 29-d-old male broilers subjected to heat stress at 37 ± 1°C for 14 d. Broilers were fed for 42 d on the experimental diets. The results showed that nanoselenium supplementation had no effect on growth performance, but it supplementation at the rate of 1.2 mg/kg diet decreased the serum concentration of cholesterol prior to the heat exposure...
November 22, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866151/genotyping-by-sequencing-based-investigation-of-the-genetic-architecture-responsible-for-a-7-fold-increase-in-soybean-seed-stearic-acid
#18
Crystal B Heim, Jason D Gillman
Soybean oil is highly unsaturated but oxidatively unstable, rendering it non-ideal for food applications. Until recently, the majority of soybean oil underwent partial chemical hydrogenation, which produces trans fats as an unavoidable consequence. Dietary intake of trans fats and most saturated fats are conclusively linked to negative impacts on cholesterol levels and cardiovascular health. Two major soybean oil breeding targets are : 1) to reduce or eliminate the need for chemical hydrogenation, and 2) to replace the functional properties of partially hydrogenated soybean oil...
November 18, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846925/consumption-of-energy-dense-diets-in-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome-and-inflammatory-markers-in-iranian-female-nurses
#19
Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between dietary energy density (DED) and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components and inflammatory markers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated dish-based semi-quantitative FFQ. DED was calculated by dividing energy intake (kcal/d) by the total weight of foods only (g/d). MetS was defined based on the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833724/effects-of-high-protein-and-balanced-diets-on-lipid-profiles-and-inflammation-biomarkers-in-obese-and-overweight-women-at-aerobic-clubs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Pegah Amini, Zahra Maghsoudi, Awat Feizi, Reza Ghiasvand, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: We studied the effects of high protein (HP) and balanced diets (BDs) on lipid profiles, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in obese and overweight women. METHODS: In a parallel designed randomized controlled clinical trial, 60 healthy women with body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2), aged 20-46 years, enrolled in an 8-week investigation at aerobic clubs. They were categorized into two groups (HP and BDs), randomly. Fasting lipid profile and hs-CRP levels were evaluated at the beginning and end of the trial...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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