keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hyperglycemic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914922/negative-regulation-of-hepatic-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-fto-gene-expression-by-insulin
#1
Tooru M Mizuno, Pei San Lew, Yanming Luo, Arnold Leckstrom
AIMS: To investigate the role of glucose and insulin in the regulation of hepatic fat mass and obesity associated (Fto) gene expression and the role of hepatic Fto in the regulation of gluconeogenic gene expression. MAIN METHODS: To determine the effect of hyperglycemia on hepatic Fto expression, levels of Fto mRNA in liver were compared between normoglycemic/normoinsulinemic, hypereglycemic/hyperinsulinemic, and hyperglycemic/hypoinsulinemic mice. To determine the direct effect of insulin on Fto expression, levels of Fto, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6pase), and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (Pepck) mRNA levels were compared between control and insulin-treated mouse liver tissues cultured ex vivo and immortalized mouse hepatocytes AML12...
November 30, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913012/hyperglycemic-high-anion-gap-metabolic-acidosis-in-patients-receiving-sglt-2-inhibitors-for-diabetes-management
#2
Juliette Sandifer Kum-Nji, Aidar R Gosmanov, Helmut Steinberg, Samuel Dagogo-Jack
Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) are a class of antidiabetic medications that improve glycemic control via inhibiting the reabsorption of filtered glucose and are approved for use in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). These drugs have recently been associated with euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). An increasing number of cases of SGLT-2i-associated DKA have occurred in patients with T2DM. Herein, we describe five episodes of hyperglycemic DKA in four type 2 diabetes patients receiving SGLT-2i therapy...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909871/nap-interferes-with-hypoxia-inducible-factors-and-vegf-expression-in-retina-of-diabetic-rats
#3
Agata Grazia D'Amico, Grazia Maugeri, Claudio Bucolo, Salvatore Saccone, Concetta Federico, Sebastiano Cavallaro, Velia D'Agata
The retinal microvascular damage is a complication of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Hyperglycemia and hypoxia are responsible of aberrant vessel's proliferation. The cellular response to hypoxia is mediated through activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Among these, HIF-1α modulates expression of its target gene, VEGF, whose upregulation controls the angiogenic event during DR development. In a previous study, we have demonstrated that a small peptide, NAP, is able to protect retina from hyperglycemic insult...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908722/unexpected-regulation-of-mirna-abundance-during-adaptation-of-early-somite-mouse-embryos-to-diabetic-pregnancy
#4
J Zhao, T B M Hakvoort, A Jongejan, J M Ruijter, A H C van Kampen, W H Lamers
Maternal diabetes is one of major causes of congenital malformations in offspring, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. MiRNAs play an important role in transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. However, no miRNA expression profiling of hyperglycemic offspring are thus far available. Female mice were made diabetic with streptozotocin, treated with slow-release insulin tablets, and mated. MiRNA expression profiling with Next Generation Sequencing on the SOLiD5 platform was performed on 8 control and 5 hyperglycemic embryonic day (ED)8...
November 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907006/prediction-of-impending-type-1-diabetes-through-automated-dual-label-measurement-of-proinsulin-c-peptide-ratio
#5
Annelien Van Dalem, Simke Demeester, Eric V Balti, Bart Keymeulen, Pieter Gillard, Bruno Lapauw, Christophe De Block, Pascale Abrams, Eric Weber, Ilse Vermeulen, Pieter De Pauw, Daniël Pipeleers, Ilse Weets, Frans K Gorus
BACKGROUND: The hyperglycemic clamp test, the gold standard of beta cell function, predicts impending type 1 diabetes in islet autoantibody-positive individuals, but the latter may benefit from less invasive function tests such as the proinsulin:C-peptide ratio (PI:C). The present study aims to optimize precision of PI:C measurements by automating a dual-label trefoil-type time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TT-TRFIA), and to compare its diagnostic performance for predicting type 1 diabetes with that of clamp-derived C-peptide release...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903228/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-the-hypoglycemic-and-hypolipidemic-activity-of-novel-sulfonamide-benzothiazole-derivatives-of-benzylidene-2-4-thiazolidnedione
#6
Abbas Ahmadi, Mohsen Khalili, Lida Sohrabi, Nazanin Delzendeh, Babak Nahri-Niknafs, Fariba Ansari
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and sulfonamides are important and highly consumption class of antidiabetic drugs having insulin sensitizing and stimulating properties in patients with type 2 diabetes, respectively. In this paper, some novel benzothiazole derivatives of TZD-sulfonamides were synthesized (I-IV) and evaluated for anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic activities in the STZ-induced diabetic rat model. Results indicated that all new conjugated drugs showed significant hypoglycemic activities compared to the control animals that were better for I and IV than others...
November 29, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898958/technical-note-a-procedure-to-estimate-glucose-requirements-of-an-activated-immune-system-in-steers
#7
S K Kvidera, E A Horst, M Abuajamieh, E J Mayorga, M V Sanz Fernandez, L H Baumgard
: Infection and inflammation impede efficient animal productivity. The activated immune system ostensibly requires large amounts of energy and nutrients otherwise destined for synthesis of agriculturally relevant products. Accurately determining the immune system's in vivo energy needs is difficult, but a better understanding may facilitate developing nutritional strategies to maximize productivity. The study objective was to estimate immune system glucose requirements following an i...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898883/determining-insulin-sensitivity-from-glucose-tolerance-tests-in-sheep
#8
P R Shorten, A B Pleasants, E J Buckels, A L Jaquiery, R C Boston, J M Alsweiler
A mathematical model of the dynamics of insulin and glucose during a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) in sheep was developed that characterizes the large second-phase insulin secretion response in sheep during IVGTT. The model was fit to measurements of the glucose and insulin dynamics during standard IVGTT ( = 42) and modified IVGTT ( = 40), where insulin was injected 60 min after the initiation of the IVGTT. The correlation between log insulin sensitivity determined by hyperglycemic clamps (HGC) and standard IVGTT was = 0...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896221/microvascular-blood-flow-improvement-in-hyperglycemic-obese-adult-patients-by-hypocaloric-diet
#9
T Mastantuono, M Di Maro, M Chiurazzi, L Battiloro, N Starita, G Nasti, D Lapi, L Iuppariello, M Cesarelli, G D'Addio, A Colantuoni
The present study was aimed to assess the changes in skin microvascular blood flow (SBF) in newly diagnosed hyperglycemic obese subjects, administered with hypocaloric diet. Adult patients were recruited and divided in three groups: NW group (n=54), NG (n=54) and HG (n=54) groups were constituted by normal weight, normoglycemic and hyperglycemic obese subjects, respectively. SBF was measured by laser Doppler perfusion monitoring technique and oscillations in blood flow were analyzed by spectral methods under baseline conditions, at 3 and 6 months of dietary treatment...
November 2016: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881388/hyperglycemia-induces-defective-ca2-homeostasis-in-cardiomyocytes
#10
Andrea Sorrentino, Giulia Borghetti, Yu Zhou, Antonio Cannata, Marianna Meo, Sergio Signore, Piero Anversa, Annarosa Leri, Polina Goichberg, Khaled Qanud, Jason T Jacobson, Thomas H Hintze, Marcello Rota
Diabetes and other metabolic conditions characterized by elevated blood glucose constitute important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Hyperglycemia targets myocardial cells rendering ineffective mechanical properties of the heart, but cellular alterations dictating the progressive deterioration of cardiac function with metabolic disorders remain to be clarified. In the current study, we examined the effects of hyperglycemia on cardiac function and myocyte physiology by employing mice with high blood glucose induced by administration of streptozotocin, a compound toxic to insulin-producing β-cells...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875539/secular-trends-in-admissions-and-mortality-rates-from-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-central-belt-of-ghana-a-31-year-review
#11
Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Eunice Oparebea Ansah, Benjamin Eghan, Nana Kwame Ayisi-Boateng, Emmanuel Acheamfour-Akowuah
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus is currently a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where a significant proportion of diabetes cases are now found. Longitudinal profiling of in-patient admissions and mortality trends from diabetes provide useful insights into the magnitude of the burden of diabetes, serve as a sentinel on the state of out-patient diabetes care and provide effective tools for planning, delivering and evaluating the health care needs relating to the disease in sub-Saharan Africa...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873431/hypoglycemia-is-common-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-seen-predominantly-in-females
#12
Belma Haliloglu, Yasemin Gokdemir, Zeynep Atay, Saygin Abali, Tulay Guran, Fazilet Karakoc, Refika Ersu, Bulent Karadag, Serap Turan, Abdullah Bereket
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypoglycemia in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) in 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) under free-living conditions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and Forced expiratory volume (FEV1%) were measured in children with CF (aged 5-18 years). Following OGTT, CGM was installed for 3 days. The total hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic time (%) during 3 days was measured...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872574/prevalence-and-pattern-of-dyslipidemia-in-hyperglycemic-patients-and-its-associated-factors-among-pakistani-population
#13
Maliha Sarfraz, Sanaullah Sajid, Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf
In diabetes mellitus dyslipidemia is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In type 2 diabetes mellitus early detection and treatment of dyslipidemia can avoid risk for cardiovascular disorder. The present study was carried to determine the prevalence and pattern of hyperlipidemia in patients with hyperglycemia. The cross sectional study was done in different laboratories of Pakistan, the laboratories served patients referred from different government and private hospitals between July 2014 and June 2015...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871427/increased-admission-and-fasting-glucose-are-associated-with-unfavorable-short-term-outcome-after-intra-arterial-treatment-of-ischemic-stroke-in-the-mr-clean-pretrial-cohort
#14
E Osei, H M den Hertog, O A Berkhemer, P S S Fransen, Y B W E M Roos, D Beumer, R J van Oostenbrugge, W J Schonewille, J Boiten, A A M Zandbergen, P J Koudstaal, D W J Dippel
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the impact of fasting glucose on outcome after intra-arterial treatment (IAT). We studied whether hyperglycemia on admission and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are associated with unfavorable outcome after IAT in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients were derived from the pretrial registry of the MR CLEAN-trial. Hyperglycemia on admission was defined as glucose>7.8mmol/L, IFG as fasting glucose>5.5mmol/L in the first week of admission...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865808/postprandial-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-an-update
#15
Caroline Christfort Øhrstrøm, Dorte Worm, Dorte Lindqvist Hansen
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an efficient treatment for morbid obesity and reduces obesity-related co-morbidities. With the growing number of patients undergoing gastric bypass, complications now demand further attention. Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (PHH) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a complex condition, characterized by increased glucose variability including both hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic values. PHH seems to be more prevalent than previously suggested and is highly dependent on the choice of diagnostic tool, which has not yet been standardized...
September 28, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863115/reversible-splenial-lesion-syndrome-with-a-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state-and-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-caused-by-olanzapine
#16
Kenta Kaino, Ryo Kumagai, Shoko Furukawa, Momoko Isono, Aiko Muramatsu, Masanao Fujii, Yumiko Muta, Tomoyuki Asada, Kazuya Fujihara, Hiroaki Yagyu
A 27-year-old woman with panic disorder taking 20 mg olanzapine daily for 4 months was admitted to our hospital because of disturbed consciousness with fever, hyperglycemia, hyperosmolarity, and elevated creatine phosphokinase. She was diagnosed with a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed transiently restricted diffusion in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC), with a high signal intensity on diffusion-weighted imaging...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861271/extreme-hyperglycemia-and-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-syndrome
#17
Susan J Appel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854047/neuroprotection-of-gueichih-fuling-wan-on-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-streptozotocin-induced-hyperglycemic-rats-via-the-inhibition-of-the-cellular-apoptosis-pathway-and-neuroinflammation
#18
Yuh-Fung Chen, Kuo-Jen Wu, Wei-Shih Huang, Yow-Wen Hsieh, Yu-Wen Wang, Huei-Yann Tsai, Ming-Ming Lee
BACKGROUND: Risks of stroke link with complications of hyperglycemia. Gueichih-Fuling-Wan (GFW), according to Chinese Medical Code literature, has the promotion of blood circulation and attenuates the swollen plot. Recent pharmacological studies have pointed out its efficacy in patients with cerebral ischemia or diabetes. Therefore, this study determined whether GFW has the protection against cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats and LPS-induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853905/an-antidiabetic-polyherbal-phytomedicine-confers-stress-resistance-and-extends-lifespan-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#19
Laxmi Rathor, Aakanksha Pant, Harshika Awasthi, Dayanandan Mani, Rakesh Pandey
An Ayurvedic polyherbal extract (PHE) comprising six herbs viz. Berberis aristata, Cyperus rotundus, Cedrus deodara, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia bellirica is mentioned as an effective anti-hyperglycemic agent in 'Charaka Samhita', the classical text of Ayurveda. Previously, antidiabetic drug metformin was found to elicit antiaging effects and PHE was also found to exhibit antidiabetic effects in humans. Therefore, we screened it for its in vivo antioxidant antiaging effect on stress and lifespan using human homologous Caenorhabditis elegans model system...
November 16, 2016: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851450/1815-opsoclonus-a-rare-and-interesting-neurologic-manifestation-of-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state
#20
Shyam Shankar, Hatem Desoky, Ishan Malhotra, Mangalore Amith Shenoy, Anand Kumar Rai, Benhoor Shamian, Yizhak Kupfer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
111967
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"