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topical NSAID

Nicola Cardascia, Carmela Palmisano, Tersa Centoducati, Giovanni Alessio
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess adjuvant treatment with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (0.9 % bromfenac, 0.1 % nepafenac, 0.5 % indomethacin, or 0.1 % diclofenac) in addition to topical steroidal treatment with 0.1 % dexamethasone and 0.3 % netilmicin for prevention of cystoid macular edema (CME) after uneventful small incision cataract extraction with foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. SETTING: Institute of Ophthalmology, Department of Scienze Mediche di Base, Neuroscienze ed Organi di Senso, Aldo Moro University, Policlinico Consorziale di Bari, Bari, Italy...
October 20, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Fabian Kahl, Andreas Frewer
Background: In 2015 the number of refugees who sought asylum in Germany has increased dramatically. Therefore, the medical care for these refugees faces huge challenges. The treatment of mental illness of refugees is a particular difficult topic. Objective of this study is the acquisition of the outpatient prescriptions of drugs for newly arrived refugees in Erlangen, focused on psychotropic drugs. Methods: Evaluation of all outpatient prescribed drugs (n=1 137), which were prescribed between 10/01/2014 and 09/30/2015 for asylum seekers living in the refugee center in Erlangen, a branch of the "Central Admission Institution" ("ZAE") Zirndorf...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Ulrike Held, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten, Pepijn Ddm Roelofs, Bart W Koes, Maurits W van Tulder, Maria M Wertli
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most frequently prescribed drugs for the treatment of sciatica. A previous Cochrane review on the efficacy of NSAIDs summarised findings for acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) and sciatica. This is an update of the original review (2008) focusing on people suffering from sciatica. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of NSAIDs in pain reduction, overall improvement, and reported side effects in people with sciatica...
October 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Simone Teixeira, Patricia de Almeida, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins
Osteoarthritis (OA) triggers increased levels of inflammatory markers, including prostaglandin (PG) E2 and proinflammatory cytokines. The elevation of cytokine levels is closely associated with increased articular tissue degeneration. Thus, the use of combination therapies may presumably be able to enhance the effects on the modulation of inflammatory markers. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT), physical exercise, and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use on the inflammatory process after they were applied either alone or in different combinations...
October 10, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Monica S M Persson, Yu Fu, Archan Bhattacharya, Siew-Li Goh, Marienke van Middelkoop, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, David Walsh, Michael Doherty, Weiya Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most troubling issue to patients with osteoarthritis (OA), yet current pharmacological treatments offer only small-to-moderate pain reduction. Current guidelines therefore emphasise the need to identify predictors of treatment response. In line with these recommendations, an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis will be conducted. The study aims to investigate the relative treatment effects of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and topical capsaicin in OA and to identify patient-level predictors of treatment response...
September 29, 2016: Systematic Reviews
N V Davishnia, I A Zupanets, S K Shebeko, M O Lyapunov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Jessica Mounessa, Talayesa Buntinx-Krieg, Rosie Qin, Cory A Dunnick, Robert P Dellavalle
The incidence of malignant melanoma (MM) continues to rise in the United States. While sun protection and full body skin examinations remain the mainstay of preventative care, chemoprevention of the deadly disease has become an increasingly popular field of study. In this focused review, we discuss current findings and analyze the risks and benefits of various agents investigated for the primary and secondary chemoprevention of MM. Such agents include topical retinoids, vitamins, and supplements, Polypodium leucotomas extracts, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), statins, sunscreens, and field therapy with topical imiquimod for primary and secondary chemoprevention...
September 24, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Francesco Boscia, Ermete Giancipoli, Giuseppe D'Amico-Ricci, Antonio Pinna
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to describe all the treatment modalities used to prevent and manage macular oedema in diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Topical NSAIDs have been proposed to be an effective strategy to prevent postsurgical macular oedema (PME) in diabetic patients. The prophylactic use of intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF) drugs and steroids in these patients, even if effective, brings some concerns with regard to possible side effects...
September 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Ahmed M Mohammed, W Faisal, Khaled I Saleh, Shaaban K Osman
Etodolac, a member of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), has a poor aqueous solubility. Long term administration of etodolac causes severe gastrointestinal disturbances such as peptic ulcer and bleeding. These disturbances could be overcome by alternative routes such as a topical administration. In the present study, pluronic lecithin organogels (PLOs) were prepared by simple mixing of pluronic solution with lecithin solution. Etodolac was loaded into the prepared gels or added during the gel formation...
September 2, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
Jessica Han Ying Tan, Anne Ann Ling Hsu
BACKGROUND: Patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) also recently known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD) must avoid aspirin and all other oral NSAIDs. The effect of topical NSAID (tNSAID), especially salicylates which are commonly present in topical medicated preparations, on asthma control of this phenotype is studied. METHODS: The study inclusion criteria were adults with: 1) NSAID hypersensitivity; 2) nasal polyposis/chronic rhinosinusitis; 3) not well-/poorly controlled asthma and 4) exposure to tNSAID...
September 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Gloria S Cheng, Brian M Ilfeld
OBJECTIVE: To review the published evidence regarding perioperative analgesic techniques for breast cancer-related surgery. DESIGN: Topical review. METHODS: Randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) were selected for inclusion in the review. Also included were large prospective series providing estimates of potential risks and technical reports and small case series demonstrating a new technique or approaches of interest to clinicians. RESULTS: A total of 514 abstracts were reviewed, with 284 studies meeting criteria for full review...
August 22, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ahmad I Dimassi, Mohamad K Rahal, Mohamad M Iskandarani, Etwal P BouRaad
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely prescribed in the community pharmacy. Their systemic administration has been related to significant adverse effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of topical NSAIDs in managing mild to moderate musculoskeletal pain versus systemic administration or combination of both routes. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted in a large Lebanese community pharmacy over a period of 5 months in 302 patients...
2016: SpringerPlus
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Evidence-based Medicine
Asaf Achiron, Lily Karmona, Michael Mimouni, Assaf Gershoni, Yana Dzhanov, Zvi Gur, Zvia Burgansky
PURPOSE: Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used for the prevention and treatment of inflammation and pain following cataract surgery. Preservative-free diclofenac and nepafenac drops are commonly used ophthalmic NSAIDs. The purpose of this study was to compare the tolerability of diclofenac to that of nepafenac. METHODS: In this prospective patient-blinded study, consecutive patients undergoing cataract surgery were included. One drop of nepafenac 0...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Vanessa Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Primary Health Care
Giovanni Lodi, Roberto Franchini, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Elena Maria Varoni, Andrea Sardella, Alexander R Kerr, Antonio Carrassi, L C I MacDonald, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Oral leukoplakia is a relatively common oral lesion that, in a small proportion of people, precedes the development of oral cancer. Most leukoplakias are asymptomatic; therefore, the primary objective of treatment should be to prevent onset of cancer. This review updates our previous review, published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of treatments for leukoplakia in preventing oral cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 16 May 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 4), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 16 May 2016), Embase Ovid (1980 to 16 May 2016) and CancerLit via PubMed (1950 to 16 May 2016)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kai Fruth, Jan Gosepath
Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) has been defined as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-triggered hypersensitivity, non-allergic bronchial asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps. The underlying pathophysiology of AERD is not completely understood so far. An altered arachidonic acid metabolism and dysregulated enzyme activity are regarded to be causal. AERD is characterized by recalcitrant CRS with recurrent nasal polyps after sinus surgery, accompanied by difficult to treat bronchial asthma and adverse reaction after NSAID ingestion such as nasal blockage, itching, laryngospasm and severe asthma attacks...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Simone Cazzaniga, Luigi Naldi, Silvia Lecchi, Marie-Laure Kürzinger, Laurent Auclert, Mario Gori, Olivier Chosidow, Jana Hercogova
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of exposure to topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly ketoprofen, in a convenience sample of the population, to obtain estimates of the incidence of severe photosensitivity leading to hospitalization, and to assess causative factors in three catchment areas: the Paris metropolitan area, the Lombardy region (Italy) and the Prague area. All cases of severe photosensitivity not explained by underlying conditions and admitted to hospitals in the selected areas were included in the study...
June 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Robert R Edwards, Andrew J Dolman, Marc O Martel, Patrick H Finan, Asimina Lazaridou, Marise Cornelius, Ajay D Wasan
BACKGROUND: Patients with painful knee osteoarthritis (OA) demonstrate hyperalgesia and altered pain-modulatory responses. While some prior work has demonstrated cross-sectional associations between laboratory and clinical pain measures, it is unknown whether individual variability in quantitative sensory testing (QST) responses at baseline can prospectively predict analgesic treatment responses. METHOD: Patients with knee OA (n = 35) were compared on QST responses to a demographically-matched pain-free control group (n = 39), after which patients completed a month-long treatment study of diclofenac sodium topical gel (1 %), applied up to 4 times daily...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jaime Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: American Family Physician
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