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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631227/frequent-occurrence-of-pain-and-prescription-opioid-use-for-treatment-of-pain-among-women-with-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection
#1
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Jennie C I Tsao, Christopher Cox, Deborah R Gustafson, Kathleen Weber, Ruth M Greenblatt, Bradley E Aouizerat, Michael W Plankey
Pain is frequent and underreported among HIV+ women. We determined occurrence and severity of pain, and types of pain treatments used among HIV+ and HIV- women. Cross-sectional analyses of pain as measured by the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form, and related pain therapies nested in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Multiple variable linear regression models examined differences by HIV status in pain severity and pain interference in general activity, mood, ability to walk, work, relationships with others, sleep, and enjoyment of life...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611647/pediatric-bilateral-blue-laser-pointer-induced-maculopathy
#2
Joseph Raevis, Eric Shrier
BACKGROUND: We report the first case of pediatric bilateral blue laser pointer maculopathy with complete resolution of visual symptoms. CASE: A 12-year-old boy presented with bilateral decreased visual acuity and central scotomata after blue laser pointer exposure. He was treated with a Medrol Dosepak and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), with gradual visual acuity improved from 20/40 OU to 20/20 OU over 22 weeks, but with persistent evidence of outer retinal layer disruption from the external limiting membrane to the interdigitation zone...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577705/nonoperative-options-for-management-of-articular-cartilage-disease
#3
REVIEW
Sourav K Poddar, Luke Widstrom
Nonoperative options for articular cartilage injury are pervasive but have not shown to be curative. Recommendations for low-impact exercise and weight loss provide benefit and are a foundation for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Judicious use of NSAIDs and acetaminophen can be appropriate for pain management. Topical NSAIDs may be a treatment option with fewer side effects than its oral counterpart. Additionally, viscosupplementation injections are useful for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis, whereas short-term pain relief is provided by intra-articular corticosteroid injections...
July 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571255/effect-of-diclofenac-mouthwash-on-postoperative-pain-after-periodontal-surgery
#4
Ashank Mishra, Jyotsna Amalakara, Haritha Avula, Krishnajaneya Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Non-Steroidal AntiInflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used drugs for the management of pain. Oral administration of NSAIDs has various adverse events like gastrointestinal alterations - nausea, dyspepsia and gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatotoxicity and blood dyscrasias. As orally given NSAIDs are associated with systemic side effects, it is preferred to alleviate pain and inflammation using topical medication. Thus, recently the focus has been on the development of topical administration of NSAIDs in the form of gels, toothpastes and rinses...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561421/pharmacokinetics-of-transdermal-etofenamate-and-diclofenac-in-healthy-volunteers
#5
Sara Drago, Roger Imboden, Philipp Schlatter, Mirabel Buylaert, Stephan Krähenbühl, Juergen Drewe
Little is known about the course of the plasma concentration and the bioavailability of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) contained in dermal patches. We compared an etofenamate prototype patch (patent EP 1833471) and a commercially available diclofenac epolamine patch regarding the bioavailability of the active ingredients relative to respective i.m. applications and regarding their plasma concentration-time course. Twenty-four healthy human volunteers were treated using a parallel group design (n=12 per group) with a single dermal patch (removed after 12 hr) followed (after a latency of 48 hr) by 8 consecutive dermal patches every 12 hr to reach steady-state conditions...
May 31, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532934/effects-of-topical-ketorolac-tromethamine-0-45-on-intraoperative-miosis-and-prostaglandin-e2-release-during-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#6
Jong Hwa Jun, Young-Sik Yoo, Sung A Lim, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of topical 0.45% ketorolac tromethamine on intraoperative miosis and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. SETTING: Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: The study comprised the following 3 groups: conventional cataract surgery without topical NSAIDs (conventional group); femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with preoperative topical ketorolac tromethamine 0...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523381/national-clinical-guidelines-for-non-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-recent-onset-neck-pain-or-cervical-radiculopathy
#7
REVIEW
Per Kjaer, Alice Kongsted, Jan Hartvigsen, Alexander Isenberg-Jørgensen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Bolette Søborg, Charlotte Krog, Christian Martin Møller, Christine Marie Bækø Halling, Henrik Hein Lauridsen, Inge Ris Hansen, Jesper Nørregaard, Karsten Juhl Jørgensen, Lars Valentin Hansen, Marie Jakobsen, Martin Bach Jensen, Martin Melbye, Peter Duel, Steffan W Christensen, Tina Myung Povlsen
PURPOSE: To summarise recommendations about 21 selected non-surgical interventions for recent onset (<12 weeks) non-specific neck pain (NP) and cervical radiculopathy (CR) based on two guidelines from the Danish Health Authority. METHODS: Two multidisciplinary working groups formulated recommendations based on the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Twelve recommendations were based on evidence and nine on consensus. Management should include information about prognosis, warning signs, and advise to remain active...
May 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516471/topical-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-analgesia-in-traumatic-corneal-abrasions
#8
REVIEW
Abel Wakai, John G Lawrenson, Annali L Lawrenson, Yongjun Wang, Michael D Brown, Michael Quirke, Omar Ghandour, Ryan McCormick, Cathal D Walsh, Ahmed Amayem, Eddy Lang, Nick Harrison
BACKGROUND: Traumatic corneal abrasions are relatively common and there is a lack of consensus about analgesia in their management. It is therefore important to document the clinical efficacy and safety profile of topical ophthalmic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the management of traumatic corneal abrasions. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of topical NSAIDs with placebo or any alternative analgesic interventions in adults with traumatic corneal abrasions (including corneal abrasions arising from foreign body removal), to reduce pain, and its effects on healing time...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497473/topical-analgesics-for-acute-and-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#9
REVIEW
Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen, Eija A Kalso, Rae F Bell, Dominic Aldington, Tudor Phillips, Helen Gaskell, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Topical analgesic drugs are used for a variety of painful conditions. Some are acute, typically strains or sprains, tendinopathy, or muscle aches. Others are chronic, typically osteoarthritis of hand or knee, or neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the analgesic efficacy and associated adverse events of topical analgesics (primarily nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), salicylate rubefacients, capsaicin, and lidocaine) applied to intact skin for the treatment of acute and chronic pain in adults...
May 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480151/efficacy-of-topical-analgesics-in-pain-control-for-corneal-abrasions-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Bryan Thiel, Alexandra Sarau, Daniel Ng
Corneal abrasions are one of the most common ocular injuries seen in the emergency department. While most patients with corneal abrasions complain of excruciating pain, permanent sequelae may develop if not managed properly. The use of topical antibiotics and other standards of treatment have greatly reduced the incidence of complications. However, there is still a lack of consensus regarding the proper management of pain in corneal abrasions. Proposed analgesics for the control of corneal abrasion pain include topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), topical anesthetics, and topical cycloplegics...
March 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474616/ketoprofen-induced-photoallergic-dermatitis
#11
REVIEW
Tiffany Yvonne Loh, Philip R Cohen
Drug-induced photosensitivity reactions are significant adverse effects. Ketoprofen is one of the most common drugs that can cause skin rash in sun-exposed areas. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ketoprofen, are often used for a variety of symptoms, including pain and fever. An understanding of the presentation and clinical course of ketoprofen-induced photosensitivity is necessary to correctly diagnose and manage this condition. Ketoprofen-induced photosensitivity reactions usually present as photoallergic dermatitis, which is a cell-mediated immune process...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407163/effect-of-topical-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-pupillary-size-during-uncomplicated-cataract-surgery
#12
Alejandro Rodríguez-García, Julio C Hernández-Camarena, Gilberto R López-Jaime, José A Nava-García
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of three different topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in inhibiting surgically induced miosis during uncomplicated cataract phacoemulsification. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-masked comparative study of patients aged 40 years or older with grades II to III cataracts (Lens Opacities Classification System) and no other comorbidities. Participants were randomized into four groups: 0.1% nepafenac, 0...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407162/effects-of-short-term-preoperative-topical-ketorolac-on-pupil-diameter-in-eyes-undergoing-femtosecond-laser-assisted-capsulotomy
#13
Vasilios F Diakonis, Georgios A Kontadakis, Apostolos G Anagnostopoulos, Nilufer Yesilirmak, Daniel P Waren, Florence Cabot, Sonia H Yoo, Kendall E Donaldson
PURPOSE: To assess pupil diameter before and after femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy in patients who were pretreated with a short-term topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (ketorolac) versus those without pretreatment. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, observational case series included consecutive patients scheduled to undergo cataract extraction using the Catalys femtosecond laser platform (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Santa Ana, CA) to perform only capsulotomies...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388238/oral-versus-topical-diclofenac-sodium-in-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis
#14
Vinicius Tieppo Francio, Saeid Davani, Chris Towery, Tony L Brown
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of joint pain in the United States and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), such as Diclofenac sodium, which is currently available in two main routes of administration; oral and topical distribution have been established as one of the standard treatments for OA. Generally, oral NSAIDs are well tolerated; however our narrative review suggests that the topical solution had a better tolerability property than oral Diclofenac sodium, especially due to side effects of gastrointestinal bleeding with the utilization of the oral format...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378068/a-minimal-impact-of-long-term-s-flurbiprofen-plaster-application-on-kidney-function-in-osteoarthritis-patients
#15
Noboru Otsuka, Ikuko Yataba, Isao Matsushita, Hideo Matsumoto, Yuichi Hoshino, Yoshio Terada
BACKGROUND: The number of kidney injury due to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is the largest among drug-induced kidney diseases. Newly developed NSAID plaster containing S-flurbiprofen (SFP) shows innovative percutaneous absorption. However, systemic exposure to SFP following the repeated application of 80 mg/day was estimated as comparable to that of oral 120 mg/day flurbiprofen and prolonged use of topical NSAIDs is common in clinical practice. Thus, we report the safety focusing on the kidney function after long-term application of SFP plaster (SFPP)...
April 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375409/hot-topics-in-primary-care-the-cardiovascular-safety-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-putting-the-evidence-in-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Martin Quan
The Vioxx Gastrointestinal Outcomes Research (VIGOR) trial, published in 2000, was the first to raise concerns that NSAIDs (specifically, the COX-2 selective inhibitor rofecoxib) might be associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. As discussed in this article, subsequent trials and meta-analyses have demonstrated a higher CV risk with use of not only COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs) but also certain tNSAIDs. These investigations have contributed to actions by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), most recently in July 2015, requiring strengthening of CV risk warnings on labels for all prescription and over-the-counter NSAIDs, despite evidence suggesting that differences in CV risk may exist among the NSAIDs...
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366377/treatment-of-cystoid-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Laura H P Wielders, Jan S A G Schouten, Merel R Aberle, Verena A Lambermont, Frank J H M van den Biggelaar, Bjorn Winkens, Rob W P Simons, Rudy M M A Nuijts
The purpose of this review was to determine the optimum pharmacologic treatment for cystoid macular edema (CME) after cataract surgery in nondiabetic and diabetic patients. The Cochrane Library, Medline, and Embase databases were searched, and all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared at least 2 pharmacologic strategies for CME after cataract surgery were included. Studies were excluded if preoperative CME or other risk factors for developing CME postoperatively were present. Ten RCTs were included in the systematic review...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293447/efficacy-and-safety-of-aceclofenac-in-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Parvati B Patel, Tejas K Patel
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects on pain, function, and safety of aceclofenac compared with other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or pain relief medications in patients with osteoarthritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two investigators independently searched the database. We included randomized controlled trials evaluating efficacy and/or safety of aceclofenac compared with control interventions (NSAIDs or acetaminophen) in patients with osteoarthritis...
March 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283838/the-effect-of-nsaids-on-spinal-fusion-a-cross-disciplinary-review-of-biochemical-animal-and-human-studies
#19
REVIEW
Ahilan Sivaganesan, Silky Chotai, Gabrielle White-Dzuro, Matthew J McGirt, Clinton J Devin
PURPOSE: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) play an important role in postoperative pain management. However, their use in the setting of spine fusion surgery setting has long been a topic of controversy. In this review we examined relevant research, including in vivo, animal, and clinical human studies, with the aim of understanding the effect of NSAIDs on spinal fusion. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Systematic review of study designs of all types from randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses to single-institution retrospective reviews...
March 10, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278127/veterinary-drugs-residues-a-review-of-the-latest-analytical-research-on-sample-preparation-and-lc-ms-based-methods
#20
Lucia Mainero Rocca, Alessandra Gentili, Virginia Pérez-Fernández, Pierpaolo Tomai
The world population is increasing and there is a growing demand for food, leading to intensification of farming methods and a requirement for more coadjuvants. Potential high profits sometimes lead to fraudulent use of drugs and pesticides. Veterinary drugs in particular can pose a real risk to human health if their residues are allowed to enter the food chain. Parent drugs and their metabolites can occur in foodstuffs individually or as multicomponent mixtures with enhanced adverse effects. In order to protect consumer safety, the European Union has established lists of forbidden substances, maximum residue limits for authorised drugs and precise criteria for confirmation analyses and interpretation of the results...
April 12, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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