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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166601/triple-function-of-synaptotagmin-7-ensures-efficiency-of-high-frequency-transmission-at-central-gabaergic-synapses
#1
Chong Chen, Rachel Satterfield, Samuel M Young, Peter Jonas
Synaptotagmin 7 (Syt7) is thought to be a Ca(2+) sensor that mediates asynchronous transmitter release and facilitation at synapses. However, Syt7 is strongly expressed in fast-spiking, parvalbumin-expressing GABAergic interneurons, and the output synapses of these neurons produce only minimal asynchronous release and show depression rather than facilitation. To resolve this apparent contradiction, we examined the effects of genetic elimination of Syt7 on synaptic transmission at the GABAergic basket cell (BC)-Purkinje cell (PC) synapse in cerebellum...
November 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166387/effects-of-total-sleep-deprivation-on-divided-attention-performance
#2
Eric Chern-Pin Chua, Eric Fang, Joshua J Gooley
Dividing attention across two tasks performed simultaneously usually results in impaired performance on one or both tasks. Most studies have found no difference in the dual-task cost of dividing attention in rested and sleep-deprived states. We hypothesized that, for a divided attention task that is highly cognitively-demanding, performance would show greater impairment during exposure to sleep deprivation. A group of 30 healthy males aged 21-30 years was exposed to 40 h of continuous wakefulness in a laboratory setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166093/a-study-of-the-dense-uniform-electron-gas-with-high-orders-of-coupled-cluster
#3
Verena A Neufeld, Alex J W Thom
We investigate the accuracies of different coupled cluster levels in a finite model solid, the 14 electron spin-non-polarised uniform electron gas. For densities between rs = 0.5 a0 and rs = 5 a0, we calculate ground state correlation energies with stochastic coupled cluster ranging from coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) to coupled cluster including all excitations up to quintuples (CCSDTQ5). We find the need to add triple excitations for an accuracy of 0.01 eV/electron beyond rs = 0.5 a0. Quadruple excitations start being significant past rs = 3 a0...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166079/strong-correlation-in-incremental-full-configuration-interaction
#4
Paul M Zimmerman
Incremental Full Configuration Interaction (iFCI) reaches high accuracy electronic energies via a many-body expansion of the correlation energy. In this work, the Perfect Pairing (PP) ansatz replaces the Hartree-Fock reference of the original iFCI method. This substitution captures a large amount of correlation at zero-order, which allows iFCI to recover the remaining correlation energy with low-order increments. The resulting approach, PP-iFCI, is size consistent, size extensive, and systematically improvable with increasing order of incremental expansion...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166052/a-jeziorski-monkhorst-fully-uncontracted-multi-reference-perturbative-treatment-i-principles-second-order-versions-and-tests-on-ground-state-potential-energy-curves
#5
Emmanuel Giner, Celestino Angeli, Yann Garniron, Anthony Scemama, Jean-Paul Malrieu
The present paper introduces a new multi-reference perturbation approach developed at second order, based on a Jeziorski-Mokhorst expansion using individual Slater determinants as perturbers. Thanks to this choice of perturbers, an effective Hamiltonian may be built, allowing for the dressing of the Hamiltonian matrix within the reference space, assumed here to be a CAS-CI. Such a formulation accounts then for the coupling between the static and dynamic correlation effects. With our new definition of zeroth-order energies, these two approaches are strictly size-extensive provided that local orbitals are used, as numerically illustrated here and formally demonstrated in the Appendix...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166049/interaction-of-rigid-c3n-with-he-potential-energy-surface-bound-states-and-rotational-spectrum
#6
Miguel Lara-Moreno, Thierry Stoecklin, Philippe Halvick
A two-dimensional rigid rotor model of the potential energy surface is developed for the collision of C3N(-) with He. Ab initio calculations are performed at the coupled cluster level with single and double excitations and using a perturbative treatment of triple excitations. An augmented correlation consistent polarized valence quadruple zeta basis set complemented with a set of mid-bond functions is chosen for these calculations. The global T-shaped minimum (De = 62.114 cm(-1)) is found at the intermolecular distance R = 6...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166036/solid-like-features-in-dense-vapors-near-the-fluid-critical-point
#7
George Ruppeiner, Nathan Dyjack, Abigail McAloon, Jerry Stoops
The phase diagram (pressure versus temperature) of the pure fluid is typically envisioned as being featureless apart from the presence of the liquid-vapor coexistence curve terminating at the critical point. However, a number of recent authors have proposed that this simple picture misses important features, such as the Widom line, the Fisher-Widom line, and the Frenkel line. In our paper, we discuss another way of augmenting the pure fluid phase diagram, lines of zero thermodynamic curvature R = 0 separating regimes of fluid solid-like behavior (R > 0) from gas-like or liquid-like behavior (R < 0)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165815/development-and-validation-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analytical-method-for-the-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-eight-novel-anticancer-drugs
#8
M Herbrink, N de Vries, H Rosing, A D R Huitema, B Nuijen, J H M Schellens, J H Beijnen
To support therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of patients with cancer, a fast and accurate method for simultaneous quantification of the registered anticancer drugs afatinib, axitinib, ceritinib, crizotinib, dabrafenib, enzalutamide, regorafenib and trametinib in human plasma using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated. Human plasma samples were collected from treated patients and stored at -20 (o) C. Analytes and internal standards (stable isotopically labeled analytes) were extracted with acetonitrile...
November 22, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164969/accuracy-of-self-reported-family-history-of-cancer-mutation-status-and-tumor-characteristics-in-patients-with-early-onset-breast-cancer
#9
Annelie Augustinsson, Carolina Ellberg, Ulf Kristoffersson, Åke Borg, Håkan Olsson
BACKGROUND: The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the concordance between self-reported and registry-reported information regarding family history of breast cancer (BC), ovarian cancer (OvC) and other types of cancer in first-degree relatives of patients with early onset BC, and to determine the frequency of mutation carriers and non-mutation carriers. The secondary objective was to describe tumor characteristics for each mutation group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1993 and 2013, 231 women who were ≤35 years old when diagnosed with BC were registered at the Oncogenetic Clinic at Skåne University Hospital in Lund, Sweden...
November 22, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164887/pterostilbene-enhances-trail-induced-apoptosis-through-the-induction-of-death-receptors-and-downregulation-of-cell-survival-proteins-in-trail-resistance-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#10
Chao-Ming Hung, Liang-Chih Liu, Chi-Tang Ho, Ying-Chao Lin, Tzong-Der Way
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-induced ligand (TRAIL) is nontoxic to normal cells and preferentially cytotoxic to cancer cells. However, recent data suggest that malignant breast cancer cells tend to be resistant to TRAIL. Pterostilbene (PTER), a natural dimethylated analog of resveratrol, is known to have diverse pharmacologic activities, including anticancer properties. In the present study, we investigated whether PTER affects TRAIL-induced apoptosis and its mechanism in TRAIL-resistant triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164764/influence-of-levulinic-acid-hydrogenation-on-aluminum-coordination-in-zeolite-supported-ruthenium-catalysts-a%C3%A2-27-al-3qmas-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-study
#11
Wenhao Luo, Ernst R H van Eck, Pieter C A Bruijnincx, Bert M Weckhuysen
The influence of a highly oxygenated, polar protic reaction medium, that is, levulinic acid in 2-ethylhexanoic acid, on the dealumination of two zeolite-supported ruthenium catalysts, namely Ru/H-β and Ru/H-ZSM-5, has been investigated by (27) Al triple-quantum magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (3QMAS NMR). Upon use of these catalysts in the hydrogenation of levulinic acid, the heterogeneity in aluminum speciation is found to increase for both Ru/H-ZSM-5 and Ru/H-β. For Ru/H-ZSM-5, the symmetric, tetrahedral framework aluminum species (FAL) were found to be mainly converted into distorted tetrahedral FAL species, with limited loss of aluminum to the solution by leaching...
November 22, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164670/driver-mutations-and-prognosis-in-primary-myelofibrosis-mayo-careggi-mpn-alliance-study-of-1-095-patients
#12
Ayalew Tefferi, Maura Nicolosi, Mythri Mudireddy, Natasha Szuber, Christy M Finke, Terra L Lasho, Curtis A Hanson, Rhett P Ketterling, Animesh Pardanani, Naseema Gangat, Carmela Mannarelli, Tiziana Fanelli, Paola Guglielmelli, Alessandro M Vannucchi
The 2013 discovery of calreticulin (CALR) mutations in myeloproliferative neoplasms was attended by their association with longer survival in primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Subsequent studies have suggested prognostic distinction between type 1/like and type 2/like CALR mutations and detrimental effect from triple-negative mutational status. Among 709 Mayo Clinic patients with PMF, 467 (66%) harbored JAK2, 112 (16%) CALR type 1/like, 24 (3.4%) CALR type 2/like, 38 (5.4%) MPL mutations and 68 (10%) were triple-negative...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164636/development-and-validation-of-a-simple-solid-phase-extraction-method-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-triple-quadrupole-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-simultaneous-determination-of-lincomycin-tylosin-a-and-tylosin-b-in-royal-jelly
#13
Weijia Zheng, Jin-A Park, A M Abd El-Aty, Seong-Kwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Cho, Jeong-Min Choi, Mohamad Warda, Jing Wang, Jae-Han Shim, Ho-Chul Shin
We develop an analytical method for the determination of lincomycin, tylosin A, and tylosin B residues in royal jelly using liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry analysis. For extraction and purification, we employ 1% trifluoroacetic acid and 0.1 M Na2 EDTA solutions along with an Oasis HLB cartridge. The target antibiotics were well separated in a Kinetex EVO C18 reversed-phase analytical column using a combination of 0.1% formate acid in ultrapure water (A) and acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase...
November 22, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164416/high-throughput-and-direct-measurement-of-androgen-levels-using-turbulent-flow-chromatography-liquid-chromatography-triple-quadrupole-mass-spectrometry-tfc-lc-tqms-to-discover-chemicals-that-modulate-dihydrotestosterone-production-in-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#14
Kyungsu Kang, Lei Peng, Yu-Jin Jung, Joo Yeon Kim, Eun Ha Lee, Hee Ju Lee, Sang Min Kim, Sang Hyun Sung, Cheol-Ho Pan, Yongsoo Choi
OBJECTIVES: To develop a high-throughput screening system to measure the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in cultured human prostate cancer cells using turbulent flow chromatography liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (TFC-LC-TQMS). RESULTS: After optimizing the cell reaction system, this method demonstrated a screening capability of 103 samples, including 78 single compounds and 25 extracts, in less than 12 h without manual sample preparation...
November 21, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164209/tuning-the-cytotoxicity-of-ruthenium-ii-para-cymene-complexes-by-mono-substitution-at-a-triphenylphosphine-phenoxydiphenylphosphine-ligand
#15
Lorenzo Biancalana, Stefano Zacchini, Nicola Ferri, Maria Giovanna Lupo, Guido Pampaloni, Fabio Marchetti
The new complexes [RuCl2(η(6)-p-cymene)(κP-Ph2PR)] [R = 4-C6H4OSiMe2(t)Bu, 1; R = 4-C6H4Br, 2; R = OC([double bond, length as m-dash]O)CHCl2, 3; R = OPh, 4; R = O(2-C6H4SiMe2(t)Bu), 5] and [Ru(C2O4)(η(6)-p-cymene){κP-Ph2PO(2-C6H4(SiMe2(t)Bu))}], 6, were obtained in 83-98% yield from Ru(ii) arene precursors by three different synthetic strategies. The unprecedented phosphine Ph2P(O(2-C6H4SiMe2(t)Bu)) was synthesized in 86% yield from 2-C6H4Br(OSiMe2(t)Bu) and Ph2PCl, via intramolecular oxygen to carbon 1,3 migration of the silyl group (retro-Brook rearrangement)...
November 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164072/a-new-strain-collection-for-improved-expression-of-outer-membrane-proteins
#16
Ina Meuskens, Marcin Michalik, Nandini Chauhan, Dirk Linke, Jack C Leo
Almost all integral membrane proteins found in the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria belong to the transmembrane β-barrel family. These proteins are not only important for nutrient uptake and homeostasis, but are also involved in such processes as adhesion, protein secretion, biofilm formation, and virulence. As surface exposed molecules, outer membrane β-barrel proteins are also potential drug and vaccine targets. High production levels of heterologously expressed proteins are desirable for biochemical and especially structural studies, but over-expression and subsequent purification of membrane proteins, including outer membrane proteins, can be challenging...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164052/development-of-novel-patient-derived-xenografts-from-breast-cancer-brain-metastases
#17
María J Contreras-Zárate, D Ryan Ormond, Austin E Gillen, Colton Hanna, Nicole L Day, Natalie J Serkova, Britta M Jacobsen, Susan M Edgerton, Ann D Thor, Virginia F Borges, Kevin O Lillehei, Michael W Graner, Peter Kabos, Diana M Cittelly
Brain metastases are an increasing burden among breast cancer patients, particularly for those with HER2(+) and triple negative (TN) subtypes. Mechanistic insight into the pathophysiology of brain metastases and preclinical validation of therapies has relied almost exclusively on intracardiac injection of brain-homing cells derived from highly aggressive TN MDA-MB-231 and HER2(+) BT474 breast cancer cell lines. Yet, these well characterized models are far from representing the tumor heterogeneity observed clinically and, due to their fast progression in vivo, their suitability to validate therapies for established brain metastasis remains limited...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163907/nb2%C3%A2-au6-a-molecular-wheel-with-a-short-nb-0000000000000000000000000000000000-0000000000000000000000000000000000-0000000000000000000000000000000000-0000000000000000000000000000000000-0000000000000000000000000000000000-0000000000000000000000000000000000-0000000000000000000000000000000000
#18
Tian Jian, Ling Fung Cheung, Joseph Czekner, Teng-Teng Chen, Gary V Lopez, Wei-Li Li, Lai-Sheng Wang
We report a photoelectron spectroscopy and high-resolution photoelectron imaging study of a bimetallic Nb2Au6(-) cluster. Theoretical calculations, in conjunction with the experimental data, reveal that Nb2Au6(-/0) possess high-symmetry D6h structures featuring a Nb-Nb axis coordinated equatorially by an Au6 ring. Chemical bonding analyses show that there are two π bonds and one σ bond in the Nb2 moiety in Nb2©Au6, as well as five totally delocalized σ bonds. The Nb 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 Nb triple bond is strengthened significantly by the delocalized σ bonds, resulting in an extremely short Nb-Nb bond length comparable to the quintuple bond in gaseous Nb2...
November 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163811/impaired-gabab-mediated-presynaptic-inhibition-increases-excitatory-strength-and-alters-short-term-plasticity-in-synapsin-knockout-mice
#19
Pierluigi Valente, Pasqualina Farisello, Flavia Valtorta, Pietro Baldelli, Fabio Benfenati
Synapsins are a family of synaptic vesicle phosphoproteins regulating synaptic transmission and plasticity. SYN1/2 genes are major epilepsy susceptibility genes in humans. Consistently, synapsin I/II/III triple knockout (TKO) mice are epileptic and exhibit severe impairments in phasic and tonic GABAergic inhibition that precede the appearance of the epileptic phenotype. These changes are associated with an increased strength of excitatory transmission that has never been mechanistically investigated. Here, we observed that an identical effect in excitatory transmission could be induced in wild-type (WT) Schaffer collateral-CA1 pyramidal cell synapses by blockade of GABAB receptors (GABABRs)...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163623/accession-dependent-cbf-gene-deletion-by-crispr-cas-system-in-arabidopsis
#20
Sungkyung Cho, Si-In Yu, Junghoon Park, Yanfei Mao, Jian-Kang Zhu, Dae-Jin Yun, Byeong-Ha Lee
The CRISPR/Cas system became a powerful genome editing tool for basic plant research and crop improvement. Thus far, CRISPR/Cas has been applied to many plants, including Arabidopsis, rice and other crop plants. It has been reported that CRISPR/Cas efficiency is generally high in many plants. In this study, we compared the genome editing efficiency of CRISPR/Cas in three different Arabidopsis accessions [Col-0, Ler, and C24RDLUC (C24 accession harboring the stress-responsive RD29A promoter-driven luciferase reporter)]...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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