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Thyroid cancer epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195651/early-estimates-of-seer-cancer-incidence-2014
#1
Denise Riedel Lewis, Huann-Sheng Chen, Myles G Cockburn, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Antoinette M Stroup, Douglas N Midthune, Zhaohui Zou, Martin F Krapcho, Daniel G Miller, Eric J Feuer
BACKGROUND: Cancer incidence rates and trends for cases diagnosed through 2014 using data reported to the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program in February 2016 and a validation of rates and trends for cases diagnosed through 2013 and submitted in February 2015 using the November 2015 submission are reported. New cancer sites include the pancreas, kidney and renal pelvis, corpus and uterus, and childhood cancer sites for ages birth to 19 years inclusive. METHODS: A new reporting delay model is presented for these estimates for more consistent results with the model used for the usual November SEER submissions, adjusting for the large case undercount in the February submission...
February 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111205/carcinogenic-risk-and-bisphenol-a-exposure-a-focus-on-molecular-aspects-in-endoderm-derived-glands
#2
Danila Cuomo, Immacolata Porreca, Gilda Cobellis, Roberta Tarallo, Giovanni Nassa, Geppino Falco, Antonio Nardone, Francesca Rizzo, Massimo Mallardo, Concetta Ambrosino
Epidemiological and experimental evidence associates the exposure to Bisphenol A with the increase of cancer risk in several organs, including prostate. BPA targets different pathways involved in carcinogenicity including the Nuclear Receptors (i.e. estrogen and androgen receptors), stress regulated proteins and, finally, epigenetic changes. Here, we analyse BPA-dependent carcinogenesis in endoderm-derived glands, thyroid, liver, pancreas and prostate focusing on cell signalling, DNA damage repair pathways and epigenetic modifications...
January 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106244/second-malignancy-risk-in-patients-with-bronchopulmonary-carcinoids-epidemiological-results-from-italian-network-of-cancer-registries
#3
Filippo Lococo, Carla Galeone, Claudio Sacchettini, Giovanni Leuzzi, Alfredo Cesario, Massimiliano Paci, Lucia Mangone
PURPOSE: This epidemiological study aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of second tumors (STs) in patients with bronchopulmonary carcinoids (BCs). METHODS: Data on neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) from the AIRTUM registry (1975-2011) were used for the analysis. Among 32,325 NECs, we focused our analysis on 3,205 patients (9.9%) affected by BCs. The overall ST number and incidence were calculated. The number of STs was compared with the expected cancer number in the healthy Italian population, and the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated...
January 16, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101485/minimizing-the-health-effects-of-the-nuclear-accident-in-fukushima-on-thyroids
#4
REVIEW
Shigenobu Nagataki
RESULTS OF THE SCREENING OF THYROIDS: Because of the March 2011 nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, the Fukushima Prefecture initiated a thyroid ultrasound examination program. The first cycle of examinations on all children (more than 300,000) of the Fukushima Prefecture identified 116 patients as having malignant or suspected malignant thyroid nodules, and in the second cycle 59 new cases were identified. According to the available data, the thyroid cancers found by the screening are unlikely to be due to radiation, but the possibility cannot be excluded...
December 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092116/changes-in-thyroid-cancer-incidence-post-2009-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#5
Lucy L Shi, Carol DeSantis, Ahmedin Jemal, Amy Y Chen
BACKGROUND: The thyroid cancer incidence rate has tripled in the United States since the 1980s, especially among women and small-sized tumors. This trend has been attributed to increased detection due to the availability of ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration technology. In 2009, the American Thyroid Association (ATA) released revisions to their guidelines for well-differentiated thyroid cancers. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in thyroid cancer incidence rates by tumor size and gender following the 2009 ATA guideline revisions...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055103/cancer-statistics-2017
#6
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2017, 1,688,780 new cancer cases and 600,920 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024266/the-risk-of-being-depressed-is-significantly-higher-in-cancer-patients-than-in-the-general-population-prevalence-and-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-across-major-cancer-types
#7
T J Hartung, E Brähler, H Faller, M Härter, A Hinz, C Johansen, M Keller, U Koch, H Schulz, J Weis, A Mehnert
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common co-morbidity of cancer that has a detrimental effect on quality of life, treatment adherence and potentially survival. We conducted an epidemiological multi-center study including a population-based random comparison sample and estimated the prevalence of depressive symptoms by cancer site, thereby identifying cancer patients with the highest prevalence of depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 4020 adult cancer inpatients and outpatients from five distinct regions across Germany in a proportional stratified random sample based on the nationwide cancer incidence and a comparison group consisting of 5018 participants...
December 23, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007045/observation-versus-thyroidectomy-for-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma-in-the-elderly
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
U C Megwalu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of non-surgical versus surgical therapy in elderly patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. METHODS: The study cohort included 2323 elderly patients (aged 65 years and over) diagnosed with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma between 1988 and 2009, identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 database of the National Cancer Institute. RESULTS: The five-year overall survival rate was 23 per cent for non-surgical patients compared with 91 per cent for surgical patients (p < 0...
February 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994875/management-of-metastatic-thyroid-cancer-in-pregnancy-risk-and-uncertainty
#9
Christopher W Rowe, Kirsten Murray, Andrew Woods, Sandeep Gupta, Roger Smith, Katie Wynne
: Metastatic thyroid cancer is an uncommon condition to be present at the time of pregnancy, but presents a challenging paradigm of care. Clinicians must balance the competing interests of long-term maternal health, best achieved by iatrogenic hyperthyroidism, regular radioiodine therapy and avoidance of dietary iodine, against the priority to care for the developing foetus, with inevitable compromise. Additionally, epidemiological and cellular data support the role of oestrogen as a growth factor for benign and malignant thyrocytes, although communicating the magnitude of this risk to patients and caregivers, as well as the uncertain impact of any pregnancy on long-term prognosis, remains challenging...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960236/radiation-associated-neoplasia-clinical-pathological-and-genomic-correlates
#10
REVIEW
Lynette M Sholl, Justine A Barletta, Jason L Hornick
Ionizing radiation is an established risk factor for the development of benign and malignant tumours. The epidemiology of radiation-associated neoplasia has been studied over the decades in diverse populations, including Japanese atomic bomb survivors, exposed communities following the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster, and paediatric and adult populations receiving therapeutic irradiation. Radiation has been associated with an increased risk of neoplasia throughout the human body, with some sites showing a markedly increased relative risk of developing tumours (thyroid; soft tissues), depending on patient age and the context of exposure...
January 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956436/cancer-incidence-and-survival-trends-by-subtype-using-data-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program-1992-2013
#11
Anne-Michelle Noone, Kathleen A Cronin, Sean F Altekruse, Nadia Howlader, Denise R Lewis, Valentina I Petkov, Lynne Penberthy
BACKGROUND: Cancers are heterogeneous comprising of distinct tumor subtypes. Therefore, presenting the burden of cancer in the population and trends over time by these tumor subtypes is important to identify patterns and differences in the occurrence of these subtypes, especially to generalize findings to the US general population. METHODS: Using SEER cancer registry data, we present incidence rates according to subtypes for diagnosis years (1992-2013) among men and women for five major cancer sites: breast (female only), esophagus, kidney and renal pelvis, lung and bronchus, and thyroid...
December 12, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929600/risk-of-thyroid-malignancy-following-an-index-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-population-based-study
#12
Jason Y Chan, Zhen Gooi, Wojciech K Mydlarz, Nishant Agrawal
To evaluate the incidence of a subsequent primary thyroid malignancy in patients with an index head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), we analyzed the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to identify a cohort of patients who had been diagnosed with a primary HNSCC from 1973 through 2004. The study population was made up of 60,323 patients of all ages, roughly three-quarters of whom were male. A total of 60 patients (0.1%) developed a subsequent thyroid malignancy-not a statistically significant finding...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917722/racial-disparities-in-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma-survival
#13
U C Megwalu, A T Saini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of race on survival in patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. METHODS: The study cohort included 17 668 patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma between 1988 and 2009, identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 database of the National Cancer Institute. RESULTS: Black patients had lower overall survival than other racial groups (p < 0.001). Black patients had significantly worse overall survival (hazard ratio = 2...
January 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903497/association-between-screening-and-the-thyroid-cancer-epidemic-in-south-korea-evidence-from-a-nationwide-study
#14
Sohee Park, Chang-Mo Oh, Hyunsoon Cho, Joo Young Lee, Kyu-Won Jung, Jae Kwan Jun, Young-Joo Won, Hyun-Joo Kong, Kui Son Choi, You Jin Lee, Jin Soo Lee
OBJECTIVE:  To investigate whether screening for thyroid cancer led to the current "epidemic" in South Korea. DESIGN:  Review of the medical records of nationally representative samples of patients with a diagnosis of thyroid cancer in 1999, 2005, and 2008. SETTING:  Sample cases were randomly selected from South Korea's nationwide cancer registry, using a systematic sampling method after stratification by region. PARTICIPANTS:  5796 patients with thyroid cancer were included (891 in 1999, 2355 in 2005, and 2550 in 2008)...
November 30, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895436/rising-incidence-of-thyroid-cancer-in-serbia
#15
N Slijepcevic, V Zivaljevic, I Paunovic, A Diklic, Perisic Zivkovic, D Miljus, A Grgurevic, S Sipetic
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, the incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) has shown a stable increase, for both sexes, in many parts of the world at a rate faster than for any other type of malignancy. The aim of our study was to analyze and report changes in TC incidence in Serbia, as well as to evaluate potential reasons for these changes. So far, the incidence of TC in Serbia has not been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive epidemiological study of TC data from the Cancer Register for Serbia for a ten year period, from 1999 to 2008...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886135/soy-and-health-update-evaluation-of-the-clinical-and-epidemiologic-literature
#16
REVIEW
Mark Messina
Soyfoods have long been recognized as sources of high-quality protein and healthful fat, but over the past 25 years these foods have been rigorously investigated for their role in chronic disease prevention and treatment. There is evidence, for example, that they reduce risk of coronary heart disease and breast and prostate cancer. In addition, soy alleviates hot flashes and may favorably affect renal function, alleviate depressive symptoms and improve skin health. Much of the focus on soyfoods is because they are uniquely-rich sources of isoflavones...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885302/cancers-of-the-thyroid-overview-and-statistics-in-the-united-states-and-oklahoma
#17
Munim H Deen, Kaitlin M Burke, Amanda Janitz, Janis Campbell
Recent studies have shown an apparent increase in thyroid cancer in the United States. Whether is due to an actual increase or increased screening is disputed. We analyzed thyroid cancer incidence and mortality across age and racial groups in Oklahoma (using data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry) against Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program national data - using SEER*Stat software for mortality. In the US and Oklahoma, females had a higher AAIR compared to males, but it was lower in Oklahoma than in the US (Females: US 15...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861148/paradoxes-in-thyroid-carcinoma-treatment-analysis-of-the-seer-database-2010-2013
#18
Ping Zhou, Shuangming Tian, Jiale Li, Yongfeng Zhao, Wengang Liu, Yan Zhang, Zheyu Hu
Thyroid cancer is a common malignant disease with high survival rate (98.1%, 2006-2012, Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program). In this study, we investigated the treatment paradoxes in thyroid T0 and micro-carcinoma patients. 48,234 thyroid carcinoma patients were identified from 2010 to 2013 in SEER*Stat database (version 8.2.1) released in 2016. Survival analysis showed a significantly lower thyroid carcinoma-specific survival in T0 patients compared with T1-T3 patients. In propensity score analysis, T0 patients had a similar survival curve with T1-T3 patients when lymph node and distant metastasis stages were matched...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843342/the-danish-head-and-neck-cancer-database
#19
REVIEW
Jens Overgaard, Aleksandar Jovanovic, Christian Godballe, Jesper Grau Eriksen
AIM OF THE DATABASE: The Danish Head and Neck Cancer database is a nationwide clinical quality database that contains prospective data collected since the early 1960s. The overall aim of this study was to describe the outcome of the national strategy for multidisciplinary treatment of head and neck cancer in Denmark and to create a basis for clinical trials. STUDY POPULATION: The study population consisted of all Danish patients referred for treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, pharynx, oral cavity, or neck nodes from unknown primary or any histopathological type (except lymphoma) of cancer in the nasal sinuses, salivary glands, or thyroid gland (corresponding to the International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision, classifications C...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842913/trends-in-the-presentation-treatment-and-survival-of-patients-with-medullary-thyroid-cancer-over-the-past-30%C3%A2-years
#20
Reese W Randle, Courtney J Balentine, Glen E Leverson, Jeffrey A Havlena, Rebecca S Sippel, David F Schneider, Susan C Pitt
BACKGROUND: The impact of recent medical advances on disease presentation, extent of operation, and disease-specific survival for patients with medullary thyroid cancer is unclear. METHODS: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry to compare trends over 3 time periods, 1983-1992, 1993-2002, and 2003-2012. RESULTS: There were 2,940 patients diagnosed with medullary thyroid cancer between 1983 and 2012. The incidence of medullary thyroid cancer increased during this time period from 0...
January 2017: Surgery
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