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Thyroid cancer epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697656/impact-of-liver-transplantation-on-the-risk-of-second-malignant-tumors-among-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#1
Hani Oweira, Jan Schmidt, Daniel Helbling, Ulf Petrausch, Othmar Schöb, Arianeb Mehrabi, Anwar Giryes, Hazem Elhadedy, Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Population-based data on the development of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) following the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are uncommon. We evaluated this clinical vignette in HCC patients within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database (1973-2012) was queried using the SEER*Stat program to determine the clinico-pathological features of HCC patients with more than one year survival who developed SMNs...
July 12, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689592/hepatitis-c-and-risk-of-nonhepatic-malignancies
#2
REVIEW
Maya Balakrishnan, Matthew T Glover, Fasiha Kanwal
Epidemiologic studies show an increased risk of mortality among hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals compared with uninfected individuals from hepatic and nonhepatic causes. This article reviews the biologic plausibility of and epidemiologic evidence for the association between HCV and five extrahepatic malignancies: cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), pancreatic adenocarcinoma, papillary thyroid cancer, oral squamous cell cancer, and renal/kidney cancer. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that HCV is associated with intrahepatic CCA...
August 2017: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669156/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-district-cancer-registry-trivandrum-south-india
#3
Aleyamma Mathew, Preethi Sara George, Kalavathy M C, Padmakumari G, Jagathnath Krishna K M, Paul Sebastian
Background: Cancer is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries. Cancer registry figures help for planning and delivery of health services. This paper provided the first results of cancer incidence and mortality [Crude (CR) and age-standardized (ASR)] rates (world-standard population) of Trivandrum district, South India and compared with other registries under the network of National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP), Government of India. Materials and Methods: Trivandrum district cancer registry encompasses a population of 3...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636692/rethinking-the-current-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-tnm-staging-system-for-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#4
Mohamed Abdelgadir Adam, Samantha Thomas, Sanziana A Roman, Terry Hyslop, Julie A Sosa
Importance: Controversy exists around the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system for medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Because of the rarity of the disease and limited available data, the staging system for MTC has been largely extrapolated from staging for differentiated thyroid cancer. Objectives: To evaluate how well the current (seventh and eighth editions) AJCC TNM staging system correlates with survival for patients with MTC and to suggest a possible revision...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636557/surgical-management-for-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#5
Jianing Tang, Deguang Kong, Lupin Bu, Gaosong Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: For most patients with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), surgery is required, while the surgical management remains controversial. We aim to further understanding of treatment of FVPTC and to determine whether specific features could be identified for the decision of surgical strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program database during 2003 and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621690/ratio-of-positive-lymph-nodes-the-prognostic-value-in-stage-iv-thyroid-cancer
#6
Tingyin Jiang, Chunling Huang, Yuan Xu, Yingrui Su, Guanjie Zhang, Long Xie, Liqun Huang, Shuchun You, Jinshun Zha
To assess the prognostic value of lymph node ratio (LNR) in patients with stage IV thyroid cancer based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. A total of 4,940 eligible patients were included for the analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression were used to reveal the effect of LNR on overall survival (OS) and disease specific survival (DSS). The optimal cut-off value of LNR for predicting OS and DSS was determined by the time-dependent Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618843/risk-of-cardiac-death-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-seer-database-analysis
#7
Omar Abdel-Rahman
 Background: Population-based data on the risk of cardiac death among cancer survivors are needed. This scenario was evaluated in cancer survivors (>5 years) registered within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database was queried using SEER*Stat to determine the frequency of cardiac death compared to other causes of death; and to determine heart disease-specific and cancer-specific survival rates in survivors of each of the 10 most common cancers in men and women in the SEER database...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617107/thyroid-cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
Daniela Victoria Pirela Araque, Archie Bleyer, Juan P Brito
Despite the increase in thyroid cancer incidence among adolescents and young adults (AYAs), this group has received limited attention. We reviewed the epidemiology and challenges of thyroid cancer care among AYAs, and proposed a research agenda to improve their care. Thyroid cancer is the most common cancer in American adults 16-33 years of age. AYAs with thyroid cancer face challenges including overdiagnosis reduced healthcare access and inconsistent care. Successful treatment of these patients results in additional challenges due to ongoing side effects of treatment as well as lasting impacts on their quality of life...
June 15, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612600/descriptive-epidemiological-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-in-the-saudi-population-2001-2013
#9
Bandar Alshehri
Objective: Thyroid cancer has one of the highest frequency rates among thyroid diseases, and ranks second for neoplasia in the Saudi female population. This paper concerns a comprehensive evaluation of increasing incidence trends and geographical distribution of different patterns of thyroid cancer among the Saudi Arabian population using the latest Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) reports. Methods: The analysis included a total of 7,670 thyroid cancer cases (1604 male and 6066 female) which were recorded in the SCR files for the period between January 2001 and December 2013...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609768/financial-implication-of-radioactive-iodine-therapy-for-early-stage-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#10
Zaid Al-Qurayshi, Daniah Bu Ali, Sudesh Srivastav, Emad Kandil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate disease-specific survival and cost related to radioactive iodine therapy (RAI) utilization in patients with early-stage papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, 2004-2012. RESULTS: A total of 38,374 patients with PTC were identified. Of those, 56.3% had adjuvant RAI. RAI administration was not associated with a survival advantage in patients with PTC stage I (hazard ratio [HR] 1...
June 14, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577555/intake-of-boron-cadmium-and-molybdenum-enhances-rat-thyroid-cell-transformation
#11
Emilia Luca, Laura Fici, Anna Ronchi, Ferdinando Marandino, Esther Diana Rossi, Maria Emiliana Caristo, Pasqualino Malandrino, Marco Russo, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Riccardo Vigneri, Fabiola Moretti
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data in volcanic areas suggest that environmental factors might be involved in the increase of thyroid cancer (TC) incidence. Recent reports indicate that several heavy metals and metalloids are increased in volcanic areas. This study aims to evaluate the combined effect of three of these elements Boron (B), Cadmium (Cd), and Molybdenum (Mo) - all increased in the volcanic area of Mt. Etna, in Italy - on thyroid tumorigenesis in the rat. METHODS: Female Wistar rats prone to develop thyroid tumors by low-iodine diet and methimazole treatment received ad libitum drinking water supplemented with B, Cd, and Mo at concentrations in the range found in the urine samples of residents of the volcanic area...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553352/hepatitis-c-virus-and-nonliver-solid-cancers-is-there-an-association-between-hcv-and-cancers-of-the-pancreas-thyroid-kidney-oral-cavity-breast-lung-and-gastrointestinal-tract
#12
REVIEW
Saad Qadwai, Tayyaba Rehman, Jonathan Barsa, Zeeshan Solangi, Edward Lebovics
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known for its oncogenic potential and has been found to be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It has also been postulated that HCV may play a role in the development of other extrahepatic solid tumors of other organs of the body since it has been isolated from the vessel wall, kidney, and oral mucosa. In this article, we have reviewed epidemiological studies that have been done to look into the relationship of HCV with nonliver solid cancers of the pancreas, thyroid, renal, oral cavity, breast, and lung and nonpancreatic gastrointestinal cancers...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530506/racial-differences-in-20-year-cardiovascular-mortality-risk-among-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#13
Amy M Berkman, Abenaa M Brewster, Lee W Jones, Jun Yu, J Jack Lee, S Andrew Peng, Abigail Crocker, Joann L Ater, Susan C Gilchrist
PURPOSE: Whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk differs according to race and cancer type among survivors of childhood or young adulthood cancers is unknown. METHODS: Data from the years 1973-2011 were analyzed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries. Cases were categorized by ICD-0-3/WHO 2008 Adolescent and Young Adult classification. CVD death was determined by ICD-10 codes for diseases of the heart, atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular diseases, or other diseases of the arteries...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503348/emerging-trends-in-the-epidemiological-pattern-of-head-and-neck-cancers-in-lagos-nigeria
#14
O A Erinoso, E Okoturo, O M Gbotolorun, O A Effiom, N A Awolola, S S Soyemi, R T Oluwakuyide
BACKGROUND: Unfortunately, despite an increase in medical knowledge, survival rates of head and neck cancers (HNCs) have not been observed to improve greatly. This is true, especially in tumors located in obscure primary sites or late presentation. AIM: The purpose of this study is to assess the epidemiologic pattern of HNCs and to evaluate its emerging trends and patterns in Lagos state. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from 2003 to 2013 that analyzed histologically diagnosed cases of HNC at the Pathology Departments of the two tertiary teaching hospitals in Lagos...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486057/low-rate-of-noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-in-asian-practice
#15
Andrey Bychkov, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Chan Kwon Jung, Zhiyan Liu, Yun Zhu, Soon Won Hong, Shinya Satoh, Chiung-Ru Lai, Lien Huynh, Kennichi Kakudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481909/the-thyroid-cancer-policy-model-a-mathematical-simulation-model-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-the-u-s-population
#16
Carrie Lubitz, Ayman Ali, Tiannan Zhan, Curtis Heberle, Craig White, Yasuhiro Ito, Akira Miyauchi, G Scott Gazelle, Chung Yin Kong, Chin Hur
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer affects over ½ million people in the U.S. and the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased worldwide at a rate higher than any other cancer, while survival has remained largely unchanged. The aim of this research was to develop, calibrate and verify a mathematical disease model to simulate the natural history of papillary thyroid cancer, which will serve as a platform to assess the effectiveness of clinical and cancer control interventions. METHODS: Herein, we modeled the natural pre-clinical course of both benign and malignant thyroid nodules with biologically relevant health states from normal to detected nodule...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460061/population-based-assessment-of-complications-following-surgery-for-thyroid-cancer
#17
Maria Papaleontiou, David T Hughes, Cui Guo, Mousumi Banerjee, Megan R Haymart
Context: As thyroid cancer incidence rises, more patients undergo thyroid surgery. Although post-operative complication rates have been reported in single institution studies, population-based data is limited. Objective: Determine thyroid cancer surgery complication rates and identify at-risk populations. Design/Setting/Patients: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database, we evaluated general complications within 30 days and thyroid surgery specific complications within one year in 27,912 patients who underwent surgery for differentiated or medullary thyroid cancer between 1998-2011...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456099/thyroid-disorders-and-mammographic-density-in-spanish-women-var-ddm-study
#18
Ana María Pedraza-Flechas, Virginia Lope, Carmen Vidal, Carmen Sánchez-Contador, Carmen Santamariña, Carmen Pedraz-Pingarrón, Pilar Moreo, Nieves Ascunce, Josefa Miranda-García, Rafael Llobet, Nuria Aragonés, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Marina Pollán, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez
OBJECTIVES: The association between breast cancer (BC) and thyroid disorders has been widely explored with unclear results. Mammographic density (MD) is one of the strongest risk factor for BC. This study explores the relationship between thyroid diseases and MD in Spanish women. MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross-sectional study covered 2883 women aged 47-71 years participating in 7 BC screening programs in 2010. They allowed access to their mammograms, had anthropometrical-measures taken, and answered a telephonic epidemiological interview which included specific questions on thyroid diseases...
April 26, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441249/epidemiology-of-second-primary-tumors-in-women-with-ovarian-cancer
#19
Tomi T Kanninen, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Giovanni Sisti, Kevin Holcomb, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Susan Khalil, Anar Gojayev, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: The last large study of second primary tumors (SPTs) in women with ovarian cancer was published in 1996, prior to major changes in the differential diagnosis and treatment. The present study reports on the incidence of SPTs in a contemporary cohort of patients with a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients with a diagnosis of an ovarian malignancy between 1992 and 2012 were identified and characterized from 13 registries of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426850/second-primary-malignant-neoplasms-and-survival-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#20
Theresa H M Keegan, Archie Bleyer, Aaron S Rosenberg, Qian Li, Melanie Goldfarb
Importance: Although the increased incidence of second primary malignant neoplasms (SPMs) is a well-known late effect after cancer, few studies have compared survival after an SPM to survival of the same cancer occurring as first primary malignant neoplasm (PM) by age. Objective: To assess the survival impact of SPMs in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (15-39 years) compared with that of pediatric (<15 years) and older adult (≥40 years) patients with the same SPMs...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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