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Thyroid cancer epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019328/second-primary-tumors-associated-with-breast-cancer-kuwait-cancer-control-center-experience
#1
Salah Fayaz, Gerges Attia Demian, Heba El-Sayed Eissa, Sadeq Abuzalouf
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinico-epidemiologic characteristics of patients who presented with two or more primary cancers, one of which was breast cancer (BC) and to develop a follow-up program for the high risk patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with BC and one or more non breast cancer (NBC) were retrospectively reviewed. Medical files were retrieved and epidemiological as well as clinical data were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were retrieved...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983950/epidemiology-and-comorbidities-of-patients-with-chronic-urticaria-in-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Bo Ri Kim, Seungkeol Yang, Jee Woong Choi, Chong Won Choi, Sang Woong Youn
Few population-based studies have focused on the epidemiology and comorbidities of chronic urticaria (CU) or chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). The objective of this study was to obtain information on the epidemiology and comorbidities associated with CU and CSU in Korea. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a national health insurance database. An algorithm based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, was used for the identification of patients with CU and CSU, and an age-sex adjusted logistic regression model was used to assess the risk of comorbidities in these patients...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977647/attributable-risk-fraction-of-four-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-thyroid-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#3
Hajar Sadeghi, Mohammad Rafei, Masoud Bahrami, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Yazdan Shabani
Background: Lifestyle risk factors such as obesity, overweight, smoking and radiation exposure related to thyroid cancer. This study estimated the amount of excess risk that attributed to risk factors. Methods: Major electronic databases were searched until February 2016. Epidemiological studies addressing the association between lifestyle risk factors and thyroid cancer were enrolled. The results were expressed as ARF with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random-effects-model...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954584/lessons-from-fukushima-latest-findings-of-thyroid-cancer-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#4
Shunichi Yamashita
The increase in risk for late-onset thyroid cancer due to radiation exposure is a potential health effect after a nuclear power plant accident mainly due to the release of radioiodine in fallout. The risk is particularly elevated in those exposed during infancy and adolescence. To estimate the possibility and extent of thyroid cancer occurrence after exposure, it is of utmost importance to collect and analyze epidemiological information providing the basis for evaluation of radiation risk, and to consider radiobiology and molecular genetics...
September 27, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900207/reevaluating-the-prognostic-significance-of-male-gender-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-microcarcinoma-a-seer-database-analysis
#5
Chunping Liu, Tianwen Chen, Wen Zeng, Shuntao Wang, Yiquan Xiong, Zeming Liu, Tao Huang
The prognostic significance of gender remains controversial for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In this study, we investigated the associations between gender and prognosis in a large cohort of patients with PTC or PTMC that was diagnosed in 2010-2013 and recorded in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry. The mean ± standard deviation duration of survival for all patients with PTC during the study period was 21.47 ± 14.04 months. In Kaplan-Meier analyses of the entire cohort of PTC patients, survival curves for all-cause death and cancer-specific death declined more sharply for men than for women...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878202/predicting-organ-specific-risk-interactions-between-radiation-and-chemotherapy-in-secondary-cancer-survivors
#6
Venkata S K Manem, Clemens Grassberger, Harald Paganetti
Several studies have shown that pediatric patients have an increased risk of developing a secondary malignancy several decades after treatment with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In this work, we use a biologically motivated mathematical formalism to estimate the relative risks of breast, lung and thyroid cancers in childhood cancer survivors due to concurrent therapy regimen. This model specifically includes possible organ-specific interaction between radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The model predicts relative risks for developing secondary cancers after chemotherapy in breast, lung and thyroid tissues, and compared with the epidemiological data...
September 6, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862484/a-population-based-study-of-prognosis-and-survival-in-patients-with-second-primary-thyroid-cancer-after-hodgkin-lymphoma
#7
Amit K Chowdhry, Chunkit Fung, Varun K Chowdhry, Derek Bergsma, Sughosh Dhakal, Louis S Constine, Michael T Milano
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors are at increased risk of thyroid cancer (TC). We sought to determine whether increased risks of high-risk pathology or mortality are seen with thyroid cancer after HL (HL-TC) compared with first primary thyroid cancer (TC-1). From the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry, we compared patient and tumor characteristics as well as survival outcomes between HL-TC and TC-1 and fit a multivariable Cox model to assess for a possible association between HL history and overall survival after TC...
September 1, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858687/clinical-epidemiology-of-tracheal-invasion-from-thyroid-cancer-in-japanese-population-functional-outcomes-and-effect-of-aging
#8
Yuji Kanazawa, Masato Takeuchi, Ichiro Tateya, Koichi Omori, Koji Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Although tracheal invasion from thyroid cancer is life-threatening, the epidemiology of its development remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the epidemiology (prevalence, incidence, and risk factors) and functional outcomes of tracheal invasion from thyroid cancer among Japanese patients who were eligible for full-layer tracheal resection. METHODS: Patients with thyroid cancer and with or without tracheal invasion were identified based on procedure codes using a large inpatient database that is maintained by a data vendor...
August 28, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817835/history-of-thyroid-disease-and-survival-of-ovarian-cancer-patients-results-from-the-ovarian-cancer-association-consortium-a-brief-report
#9
Albina N Minlikeeva, Jo L Freudenheim, Rikki A Cannioto, Kevin H Eng, J Brian Szender, Paul Mayor, John L Etter, Daniel W Cramer, Brenda Diergaarde, Jennifer A Doherty, Thilo Dörk, Robert Edwards, Anna deFazio, Grace Friel, Marc T Goodman, Peter Hillemanns, Estrid Høgdall, Allan Jensen, Susan J Jordan, Beth Y Karlan, Susanne K Kjær, Rüdiger Klapdor, Keitaro Matsuo, Mika Mizuno, Christina M Nagle, Kunle Odunsi, Lisa Paddock, Mary Anne Rossing, Joellen M Schildkraut, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Brahm H Segal, Kristen Starbuck, Kathryn L Terry, Penelope M Webb, Emese Zsiros, Roberta B Ness, Francesmary Modugno, Elisa V Bandera, Jenny Chang-Claude, Kirsten B Moysich
BACKGROUND: Findings from in vitro studies suggest that increased exposure to thyroid hormones can influence progression of ovarian tumours. However, epidemiologic evidence on this topic is limited. METHODS: We pooled data from 11 studies from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium. Using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models, we estimated associations between hyper- and hypothyroidism and medications prescribed for these conditions with 5-year all-cause survival among women diagnosed with invasive ovarian cancer...
September 26, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816028/epidemiology-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-thailand
#10
REVIEW
Napadon Tangjaturonrasme, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Andrey Bychkov
Cancer is the most common cause of death in Thailand, with the mortality almost doubled during 1998-2011 (from 48.4 to 95.2 per 100 000). The estimated number of new cancer cases in 2011 was 112 392. Our review provides baseline data on the current epidemiological situation with head and neck (HN) cancer in Thailand based on reports of the National Cancer Registry and findings from local and international publications. Collectively, HN cancer approaches age-standardized rate (ASR) incidence of 15.7 and 10...
August 16, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778079/nationwide-cohort-study-on-the-epidemiology-and-survival-outcomes-of-thyroid-cancer
#11
Fu-Chao Liu, Huan-Tang Lin, Shu-Fu Lin, Chang-Fu Kuo, Ting-Ting Chung, Huang-Ping Yu
In the past three decades, the thyroid cancer incidence has surged globally. Herein, the Taiwan National Health Insurance database was used to identify thyroid cancer patients and to estimate the prevalence and incidence of thyroid cancer during 1997-2012. The Taiwan Cancer Registry and the National Death Registry databases were crosslinked to obtain information on the histological subtypes and survival rates. Joinpoint regression analysis was used for estimating the average annual percentage changes (APCs) in prevalence, incidence, and survival...
July 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770444/benefits-of-marriage-on-relative-and-conditional-relative-cancer-survival-differ-between-males-and-females-in-the-usa
#12
Ray M Merrill, Erin Johnson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the paper is to assess the influence of marital status on conditional relative survival of cancer according to sex. METHODS: Analyses involved 779,978 males and 1,032,868 females diagnosed with 1 of 13 cancer types between 2000 and 2008, and followed through 2013. Data are from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program. Regression models were adjusted for age, sex, race, and tumor stage. RESULTS: Five-year relative survival conditional on years already survived is higher among married patients with less lethal cancers (oral cavity and pharynx, colon and rectum, breast, urinary bladder, kidney and renal pelvis, melanoma of the skin, thyroid, lymphoma)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759783/association-of-polybrominated-diphenylethers-pbdes-and-hydroxylated-metabolites-oh-pbdes-serum-levels-with-thyroid-function-in-thyroid-cancer-patients
#13
Sisi Liu, Guodong Zhao, Jun Li, Hongxia Zhao, Yafeng Wang, Jingwen Chen, Haidong Zhao
Polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDE) have been demonstrated to be associated with significant alterations in hormone levels in humans. However, yet few epidemiological human evidence has associated thyroid function with hydroxylated polybrominated diphenylethers (OH-PBDEs), which may be more potent in disrupting thyroid hormone homeostasis. In the present study, the body burdens of 7 PBDEs and 11 OH-PBDEs as well as the serum thyroid status were examined in a cohort of 33 thyroid cancer patients. The levels of ∑PBDEs and ∑OH-PBDEs ranged from 1...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697656/impact-of-liver-transplantation-on-the-risk-of-second-malignant-tumors-among-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#14
Hani Oweira, Jan Schmidt, Daniel Helbling, Ulf Petrausch, Othmar Schöb, Arianeb Mehrabi, Anwar Giryes, Hazem Elhadedy, Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Population-based data on the development of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) following the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are uncommon. We evaluated this clinical vignette in HCC patients within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database (1973-2012) was queried using the SEER*Stat program to determine the clinico-pathological features of HCC patients with more than one year survival who developed SMNs...
July 18, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689592/hepatitis-c-and-risk-of-nonhepatic-malignancies
#15
REVIEW
Maya Balakrishnan, Matthew T Glover, Fasiha Kanwal
Epidemiologic studies show an increased risk of mortality among hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals compared with uninfected individuals from hepatic and nonhepatic causes. This article reviews the biologic plausibility of and epidemiologic evidence for the association between HCV and five extrahepatic malignancies: cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), pancreatic adenocarcinoma, papillary thyroid cancer, oral squamous cell cancer, and renal/kidney cancer. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that HCV is associated with intrahepatic CCA...
August 2017: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669156/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-district-cancer-registry-trivandrum-south-india
#16
Aleyamma Mathew, Preethi Sara George, Kalavathy M C, Padmakumari G, Jagathnath Krishna K M, Paul Sebastian
Background: Cancer is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries. Cancer registry figures help for planning and delivery of health services. This paper provided the first results of cancer incidence and mortality [Crude (CR) and age-standardized (ASR)] rates (world-standard population) of Trivandrum district, South India and compared with other registries under the network of National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP), Government of India. Materials and Methods: Trivandrum district cancer registry encompasses a population of 3...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636692/rethinking-the-current-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-tnm-staging-system-for-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#17
Mohamed Abdelgadir Adam, Samantha Thomas, Sanziana A Roman, Terry Hyslop, Julie A Sosa
Importance: Controversy exists around the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system for medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Because of the rarity of the disease and limited available data, the staging system for MTC has been largely extrapolated from staging for differentiated thyroid cancer. Objectives: To evaluate how well the current (seventh and eighth editions) AJCC TNM staging system correlates with survival for patients with MTC and to suggest a possible revision...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636557/surgical-management-for-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#18
Jianing Tang, Deguang Kong, Lupin Bu, Gaosong Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: For most patients with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), surgery is required, while the surgical management remains controversial. We aim to further understanding of treatment of FVPTC and to determine whether specific features could be identified for the decision of surgical strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program database during 2003 and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621690/ratio-of-positive-lymph-nodes-the-prognostic-value-in-stage-iv-thyroid-cancer
#19
Tingyin Jiang, Chunling Huang, Yuan Xu, Yingrui Su, Guanjie Zhang, Long Xie, Liqun Huang, Shuchun You, Jinshun Zha
To assess the prognostic value of lymph node ratio (LNR) in patients with stage IV thyroid cancer based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. A total of 4,940 eligible patients were included for the analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression were used to reveal the effect of LNR on overall survival (OS) and disease specific survival (DSS). The optimal cut-off value of LNR for predicting OS and DSS was determined by the time-dependent Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618843/risk-of-cardiac-death-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-seer-database-analysis
#20
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Population-based data on the risk of cardiac death among cancer survivors are needed. This scenario was evaluated in cancer survivors (>5 years) registered within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database was queried using SEER*Stat to determine the frequency of cardiac death compared to other causes of death; and to determine heart disease-specific and cancer-specific survival rates in survivors of each of the 10 most common cancers in men and women in the SEER database...
September 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
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