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Thyroid cancer epidemiology

Huaqiang Zhou, Yan Huang, Zeting Qiu, Hongyun Zhao, Wenfeng Fang, Yunpeng Yang, Yuanyuan Zhao, Xue Hou, Yuxiang Ma, Shaodong Hong, Ting Zhou, Yaxiong Zhang, Li Zhang
The population of cancer survivors with prior cancer is rapidly growing. Whether a prior cancer diagnosis interferes with outcome is unknown. We conducted a pan-cancer analysis to determine the impact of prior cancer history for patients newly diagnosed with cancer. We identified 20 types of primary solid tumors between 2004 to 2008 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Demographic and clinicopathologic variables were compared by chi-squared test and t-test as appropriate. The propensity score-adjusted Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the impact of prior cancer on overall survival (OS)...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Chunping Liu, Qiuyang Zhao, Zhi Li, Shuntao Wang, Yiquan Xiong, Zeming Liu, Tao Huang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.21242.].
March 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Bong-Kyu Kim, Jung-Min Kim, Myoung-Hee Kim, Do-Myung Paek, Seung-Sik Hwang, Mi-Na Ha, Young-Su Ju
Background: The Korea Radiation Effect & Epidemiology Cohort - The resident cohort (KREEC-R) study concluded that there is no epidemiological or causal evidence supporting any increase in cancer risks resulting from radiation from Korean nuclear power plants (NPPs). But the risks of thyroid cancer in women were significantly higher in residents living near NPPs than control. Debate about the cause of the pattern of thyroid cancer incidence in women is ongoing and some researchers argue that detection bias influenced the result of KREEC-R study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Christian Grønhøj, Lisa Hjalgrim, Kathrine K Jakobsen, Birgitte Charabi, Christian Mirian, Gunnar H Laier, Katalin Kiss, Catherine Rechnitzer, Jeppe Friborg, Christian von Buchwald, Thomas Hjuler
BACKGROUND: Pediatric head and neck malignancies are rare and only a few descriptive epidemiological studies have been published. Using unique nationwide registries, we report age-specific incidence rates of head and neck cancer (HNC) among children during four decades. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Danish Cancer Registry. We included children aged 0-14 years diagnosed between January 1, 1978 and December 31, 2014 with extra-orbital, nonskin and nonbone HNC...
March 30, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Roberta Malaguarnera, Veronica Vella, Gabriella Pellegriti, Antonino Belfiore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Junya Sado, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Tomotaka Sobue, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shoichiro Tsugane
Greater height and body mass index (BMI) have been associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer incidence in Western countries. However, few epidemiological studies have assessed the association between anthropometric factors, such as BMI, height, or weight, and thyroid cancer incidence in Asian populations. Using the population-based Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study database, we investigated the relationship between anthropometric factors and thyroid cancer incidence. Data on anthropometric factors were collected through a self-administered questionnaire at baseline...
March 25, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Anastasios Maniakas, Louise Davies, Mark E Zafereo
Thyroid disease is one of the most common pathologies in the world, with two of the most clinically important subgroups being iodine deficiency and thyroid goiter, and thyroid cancer. This review looks at the current state of thyroid disease in the world and evaluates the future direction in terms of thyroid disease treatment and prevention. Several of the most impactful epidemiologic studies are presented and analyzed, as well as a brief overview of the current socioeconomic burden of disease.
March 13, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Jihyun An, Jong Woo Kim, Ju Hyun Shim, Seungbong Han, Chang Sik Yu, Jaewon Choe, Danbi Lee, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee, Dong Jin Suh, Jin Hyoung Kim, Han Chu Lee
BACKGROUND: Prior epidemiological evidences suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is linked to cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma. This prospective hospital registry-based case-control study aimed to investigate the sero-epidemiological association between chronic HBV infection and various types of cancer. METHODS: 95,034 patients with first-diagnosed non-hepatocellular malignancy in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2014; and 118,891 non-cancer individuals as controls from a health promotion center were included...
2018: PloS One
Jeong-Min Kim, Myoung-Hee Kim, Young-Su Ju, Seung-Sik Hwang, Mina Ha, Bong-Kyu Kim, Kyung Ehi Zoh, Domyung Paek
Background : A 20-year follow-up study on cancer incidence among people living near nuclear power plants in South Korea ended in 2011 with a finding of significantly, but inconsistently, elevated thyroid cancer risk for females. Reanalysis of the original study was carried out to examine the dose-response relationship further, and to investigate any evidence of detection bias. Methods : In addition to replicating the original Cox proportional hazards models, nested case-control analysis was carried out for all subjects and for four different birth cohorts to examine the effects of excluding participants with pre-existing cancer history at enrollment...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ankit A Shah, Preeti P Jain, Anjaney S Dubey, Ghanish N Panjwani, Hiral A Shah
Context: To share clinicopathological data of thyroid carcinoma from a high volume Tertiary Care Centre in East India. Aim: To share the epidemiology and clinicopathological presentation of thyroid cancer at a high volume Tertiary Care Center in East India. Settings and Design: Retrospective observational study. Subjects and Methods: Forty-two consecutive patients of thyroid neoplasm diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and primarily underwent surgical treatment from July 2005 to June 2012 were included...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Denise Riedel Lewis, Huann-Sheng Chen, Myles G Cockburn, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Antoinette M Stroup, Douglas N Midthune, Zhaohui Zou, Martin F Krapcho, Daniel G Miller, Eric J Feuer
BACKGROUND: The National Cancer Institute's cancer incidence estimates through 2015 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries' November 2017 submission are released in April 2018. METHODS: Early estimates (February 2017) of cancer incidence rates and trends from the SEER 18 registries for diagnoses in 2000 through 2015 were evaluated with a revised delay-adjustment model, which was used to adjust for the undercount of cases in the early release...
March 6, 2018: Cancer
Jianing Tang, Deguang Kong, Qiuxia Cui, Kun Wang, Dan Zhang, Xing Liao, Yan Gong, Gaosong Wu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of thyroid cancer in black Americans is significantly lower than that in white Americans, and the impact of race on the prognosis of thyroid cancer remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for survival in black and white patients and to compare the survival of differentiated thyroid carcinoma subtypes between these two races. We further investigated the association of lymph node and distant metastases with races. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis using data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program...
March 5, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
E Cordel, N Reix, S Molière, C Mathelin
The objective of this review was to determine whether there is an association between hyperthyroidism and the risk of developing a breast cancer from the analysis of data in the literature. METHOD: The analyzed articles were extracted from the PUBMED database from 2002 to 2017 using the following keywords "hyperthyroidism AND breast cancer" and "thyroid AND breast cancer". RESULTS: A total of 22 studies were selected, including 8 cohort studies, 12 case-control studies and 2 meta-analyzes...
February 22, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Rebecca Troisi, Tone Bjørge, Mika Gissler, Tom Grotmol, Cari M Kitahara, Solbjørg Makalani Myrtveit Saether, Anne Gulbech Ording, Camilla Sköld, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Britton Trabert, Ingrid Glimelius
An understanding of the origin of cancer is critical for cancer prevention and treatment. Complex biological mechanisms promote carcinogenesis, and there is increasing evidence that pregnancy-related exposures influence fetal growth cell division and organ functioning and may have a long-lasting impact on health and disease susceptibility in the mothers and offspring. Nulliparity is an established risk factor for breast, ovarian, endometrial, and possibly pancreatic cancer, while the risk of kidney cancer is elevated in parous compared with nulliparous women...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
Matteo Convertino, Timothy R Church, Geary W Olsen, Yang Liu, Eddie Doyle, Clifford R Elcombe, Anna L Barnett, Leslie M Samuel, Iain R MacPherson, Thomas R J Evans
A phase 1 dose-escalation trial assessed the chemotherapeutic potential of ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO). Forty-nine primarily solid-tumor cancer patients who failed standard therapy received weekly APFO doses (50mg-1200mg) for six-weeks. Clinical chemistries and plasma PFOA (anionic APFO) were measured pre-dose and weekly thereafter. Several clinical measures including total cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins (HDL), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and free thyroxine (fT4), relative to PFOA concentrations, were examined by: standard statistical analyses using general estimating equations (GEE) and a probabilistic analysis using probability distribution functions (pdf) at various PFOA concentrations; and a two-compartment pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model to directly estimate mean changes...
February 16, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Vivek Kumar, Mohit Garg, Neha Chaudhary, Abhinav Binod Chandra
Introduction: The treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically improved the outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. This study was conducted to examine the risk of secondary cancers (SCs) in the CML patients who were diagnosed and treated in the TKI era in the United States. Methods: The surveillance epidemiology and end results (SEER) database was used to identify CML patients who were diagnosed and received treatment during January 2002-December 2014...
2018: PeerJ
Sarah H Nash, Anne P Lanier, Molly B Southworth
BACKGROUND: Nationwide, the incidence of thyroid cancer is lower among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) people than among U.S. whites (USW). However, little is known about the incidence of thyroid, or other endocrine cancers specifically among Alaska Native (AN) people. METHODS: We examined data from the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Alaska Native Tumor Registry on endocrine cancers diagnosed among AN people from 1969-2013, with a specific focus on thyroid cancers...
February 14, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Hogil Kim, Yun Kyung Chung, Inah Kim
The goal of this study was to review the scientific basis for the recognition of occupational cancer, in relation to hepatitis viral infections in Korea. Most Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in Korea occur as vertical infections, but these are decreasing rapidly due to vaccination. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known to be transmitted through parenteral routes, but the transmission route is often unclear. Most occupational infections of hepatitis virus involve accidental injuries of medical institution workers while using virus-contaminated medical devices...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Shaohua He, Bingchan Wang, Xiyi Lu, Suyu Miao, Fengming Yang, Theodore Zava, Qiang Ding, Shijiang Zhang, Jiayin Liu, David Zava, Yuenian Eric Shi
Iodine is crucial for thyroid hormone production. However, recent epidemiologic studies have shown that breast cancer patients have an elevated risk of developing thyroid cancer and vice versa. A notable finding in this study is that iodine stimulated the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor-α (ER-α) in breast cancer cells. Iodine stimulated expression of several ER-α regulated gene including PS2, Cathepsin D, CyclinD1, and PR both in vitro and in nude mice, which is consistent with its stimulation of both anchorage-dependent and -independent growth of ER-α positive breast cancer cells and the effect to dampen tumor shrinkage of MCF-7 xenograft in ovariectomized nude mice...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Ansley M Roche, Stacey A Fedewa, Lucy L Shi, Amy Y Chen
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is the rarest type of thyroid cancer and has the lowest overall survival. To the authors' knowledge, the impact of socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity has not yet been described. METHODS: Data regarding 719 patients diagnosed with their first primary malignant ATC from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2011 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program registries were examined. Differences in receipt of thyroidectomy, radiotherapy, and lymph node examination were examined by race/ethnicity...
February 6, 2018: Cancer
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