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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345122/effect-of-laser-on-pain-relief-and-wound-healing-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Valerie G A Suter, Sophia Sjölund, Michael M Bornstein
The aim of this systematic review was to assess a potential benefit of laser use in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). The primary outcome variables were pain relief, duration of wound healing and reduction in episode frequency. A PICO approach was used as a search strategy in Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases. After scanning and excluding titles, abstracts and full texts, 11 studies (ten RCTs and one non-randomised controlled trial) were included. Study selection and data extraction was done by two observers...
March 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340289/remote-ischaemic-conditioning-decreases-blood-flow-and-improves-oxygen-extraction-in-patients-with-early-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#2
T Hegelmaier, N Kumowski, T Mainka, J Vollert, O Goertz, M Lehnhardt, P K Zahn, C Maier, J Kolbenschlag
BACKGROUND: Remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) is the cyclic application of non-damaging ischaemia leading to an increased tissue perfusion, among others triggered by NO (monoxide). Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is known to have vascular alterations such as increased blood shunting and decreased NO blood-levels, which in turn lead to decreased tissue perfusion. We therefore hypothesized that RIC could improve tissue perfusion in CRPS. METHOD: In this proof-of-concept study, RIC was applied in the following groups: in 21 patients with early CRPS with a clinical history less than a year, in 20 age/sex-matched controls and in 12 patients with unilateral nerve lesions via a tourniquet on the unaffected/non-dominant upper limb...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337885/role-of-diode-lasers-in-oro-facial-pain-management
#3
F Javed, S V Kellesarian, G E Romanos
With the increasing use of low level laser therapy (LLLT) in clinical dentistry, the aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of diode lasers in the management of orofacial pain. Indexed databases were searched without language and time restrictions up to and including July 2016 using different combinations of the following key words: oral, low level laser therapy, dental, pain, diode lasers, discomfort and analgesia. From the literature reviewed it is evident that LLLT is effective compared to traditional procedures in the management of oro-facial pain associated to soft tissue and hard tissue conditions such as premalignant lesions, gingival conditions and dental extractions...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337884/neurochemical-effects-of-photobiostimulation-in-the-trigeminal-ganglion-after-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury
#4
D O Martins, F M Santos, L R G Britto, J B D Lemos, M Chacur
Orofacial pain is associated with peripheral and central sensitization of trigeminal nociceptive neurons. Nerve injury results in release of chemical mediators that contribute to persistent pain conditions. The activation of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), promotes release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) from trigeminal nerve terminals. CGRP and SP contribute to the development of peripheral hyperalgesia. The expression of SP and CGRP by primary afferent neurons is rapidly increased in response to peripheral inflammation...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326950/efficacy-of-the-topical-5-lidocaine-medicated-plaster-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-post-thoracotomy-neuropathic-pain
#5
Pasquale Sansone, Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Alfonso Fiorelli, Caterina Aurilio, Umberto Colella, Lorenzo De Nardis, Valerio Donatiello, Vincenzo Pota, Maria Caterina Pace
AIM: To assess the efficacy of the topical 5% lidocaine medicated plaster (Versatis(®), Grünenthal GmbH, Aachen, Germany) in patients with post-thoracotomy neuropathic pain. PATIENTS & METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive the topical 5% lidocaine medicated plaster (n = 33) or non-medicated placebo plasters (n = 30) for 12 h every day for 8 weeks. Laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) were measured, and various questionnaires/scales completed. RESULTS: Numeric Rating Scale pain scores improved significantly (p < 0...
March 3, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320586/patients-experience-in-the-early-recovery-phase-after-removal-of-intraoral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-carbon-dioxide-laser
#6
M Gilmartin, T Ali, S N Rogers
Laser excision of oral cancer is well established. The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to ask patients about their main symptoms and the severity of them during the first postoperative weeks. We devised a short questionnaire in collaboration with patients, and did a cross-sectional survey of 50 consecutive patients who had laser excision of T1 and T2 oral cancers over a two-year period. The response rate was 76% (38/50). Twenty patients reported that eating was "quite a bit" or "very much of a problem" and 13 reported similar for pain...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319270/evaluation-of-a-transparent-perfluorodecalin-infused-patch-as-an-adjunct-to-laser-assisted-tattoo-removal-a-pivotal-trial
#7
Brian S Biesman, Cara Costner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Laser-assisted treatment of tattoos is well recognized to produce opaque epidermal whitening that prevents multiple sequential passes during a single treatment session. The amount of epidermal whitening produced in association with the procedure can be minimized by topical application of perfluorodecalin (PFD), which is an optical clearing agent. This pivotal trial assessed the ability of a transparent PFD-infused patch used in conjunction with a Q-switched nanosecond laser in the treatment of tattoos to permit multiple laser passes during a single 5 minute treatment session in comparison to the number of passes that could be completed using conventional treatment of the tattoo with the laser alone...
March 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302155/a-prospective-randomised-placebo-controlled-double-masked-three-armed-multicentre-phase-ii-iii-trial-for-the-study-of-a-topical-treatment-of-ischaemic-central-retinal-vein-occlusion-to-prevent-neovascular-glaucoma-the-strong-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised
#8
Katrin Lorenz, Yvonne Scheller, Katharina Bell, Franz Grus, Katharina A Ponto, Felix Bock, Claus Cursiefen, Jens Flach, Marta Gehring, Tunde Peto, Rufino Silva, Yossi Tal, Norbert Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) is rare, comprising only 3.9% of all glaucoma cases. The most common cause of NVG is ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion (iCRVO). NVG frequently results in blindness and painful end-stage glaucomatous damage leading to the need for enucleation. Currently, there is no preventive therapy for NVG following iCRVO. Rescue treatments have severe drawbacks. Accordingly, there is a great need for preventing the often visually devastating outcomes of NVG...
March 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294694/the-effects-of-transcutaneous-and-intraoral-low-level-laser-therapy-after-extraction-of-lower-third-molars-a-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-dual-center-study
#9
Sevil Altundag Kahraman, Sedat Cetiner, Robert A Strauss
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: The surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The purpose of this study is to determine whether either transcutaneous or intraoral low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces postoperative pain and assists in the healing of mandibular third molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, placebo controlled, single-blind, split-mouth design study was conducted on 60 patients with full bony impacted similar position mandibular third molars bilaterally...
March 14, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288603/a-cute-angle-closure-attack-after-an-intravitreal-bevacizumab-injection-for-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-a-case-report
#10
Seongyong Jeong, Min Sagong, Woohyok Chang
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal injection is widely used to treat retinal vein occlusion, and acute angle closure (AAC) is an exceptional complication of intravitreal injection. The authors report a case of AAC that occurred immediately after administering intravitreal bevacizumab to treat branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman was referred to the retina clinic of a tertiary referral center for the treatment of macular edema secondary to BRVO...
March 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288449/laser-surgeon-client-education-and-satisfaction-with-tattoo-removal
#11
Katrina Hutton Carlsen, Jørgen Esmann, Jørgen Serup
Studies of satisfaction with tattoo removal outcomes by laser, rated by clients themselves, including qualitative aspects, are sparse. We studied long-term results and client satisfaction with tattoo removal by Q-switched YAG laser. Client satisfaction is influenced by numerous factors: pretreatment expectations, objective observations, pretreatment information, laser treatment procedures, and outcome, including subjective experiences such as pain. Client-surgeon interaction during the full laser treatment course is a major determinant of client satisfaction...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280755/clinical-evaluation-of-high-and-low-level-laser-treatment-co2vsingaalp-diode-laser-for-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#12
Nasim Zeini Jahromi, Janan Ghapanchi, Sara Pourshahidi, Maryam Zahed, Hooman Ebrahimi
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common lesions in the oral cavity. Due to its multifactorial nature, there is no definitive treatment for RAS. Laser therapy is one of the suggested treatments to reduce patient's discomfort. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present clinical trial is to assess the effect of low and high level laser therapy on pain control and wound healing of RAS. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty six patients with minor RAS were divided into three groups...
March 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280382/retention-of-finger-blood-flow-against-postural-change-as-an-indicator-of-successful-sympathetic-block-in-the-upper-limb
#13
Toshihiko Nakatani, Tatsuya Hashimoto, Ichiro Sutou, Yoji Saito
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic block in the upper limb has diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic utility for disorders in the upper extremity that are associated with sympathetic disturbances. Increased skin temperature and decreased sweating are used to identify the adequacy of sympathetic block in the upper limb after stellate ganglion block (SGB). Baroreflexes elicited by postural change induce a reduction in peripheral blood flow by causing sympathetic vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that sympathetic block in the upper limb reduces the decrease in finger blood flow caused by baroreflexes stimulated by postural change from the supine to long sitting position...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275807/-efficacy-of-semiconductor-laser-therapy-combined-with-botulinum-toxin-a-type-injection-in-treatment-of-temporomandibular-disorders
#14
Mei-Yuan Jiang, Qing-Ling You
PURPOSE: To observe the efficacy of semiconductor laser therapy in combination with botulinum toxin A type injection in treating temporomandibular disorders and the influence on serum levels of interleukin(IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α. METHODS: Ninety patients with temporomandibular disorders were selected and randomly divided into control group and treatment group with 45 cases in each group. Patients in the control group received semiconductor laser therapy,once per day and 1 course for 1 week...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274363/treatments-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#15
R Kjærsgaard Andersen, Gregor B E Jemec
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is not easily treated. Although not uncommon, HS is often misdiagnosed outside specialized clinics and inappropriately treated as a simple boil or abscess. In recent years, guidelines have been developed on the basis of expert opinion and the available literature. A multifaceted approach is necessary as HS lesions include both inflammation (amenable to medical treatment) as well as fibrosis (amenable to surgery only). The recommended antiinflammatory therapies encompass both antimicrobials and regular anti-inflammatory drugs...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272964/the-effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-self-reported-hand-function-and-grip-strength-compared-to-placebo-or-sham-treatment-for-adults-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#16
Marlette Burger, Réna Kriel, Andrea Damon, Amy Abel, Anisha Bansda, Marinique Wakens, Dawn Ernstzen
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common peripheral neuropathies in the upper extremity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to systematically and critically appraise the available literature for the effectiveness of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) on pain, self-reported hand function, and grip strength compared to placebo treatment in adults with CTS. METHODOLOGY: Seven databases were searched from 2000 to March 2015 namely: Cinahl, Cochrane Library, EBSCOhost, PEDro, PubMed, Science Direct, and Scopus...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272229/occult-lens-subluxation-related-to-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Rongrong Hu, Xiaoyu Wang, Yang Wang, Yang Sun
RATIONALE: Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) is commonly performed as a primary treatment for acute primary angle closure glaucoma after administration of anti-glaucoma medications or for prevention of this condition. Minor complications may occur following LPI and most of them do not have deleterious consequences. We report a rare case of lens subluxation that has a possible relationship with LPI treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 54-year-old female patient was initially referred for surgical treatment of medication-uncontrollable angle closure glaucoma in her left eye...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259800/the-interaction-of-emotion-and-pain-in-the-insula-and-secondary-somatosensory-cortex
#18
Tage I Orenius, Tuukka T Raij, Antti Nuortimo, Petri Näätänen, Jari Lipsanen, Hasse Karlsson
Pain is processed in a large neural network that partially overlaps structures involved in emotion processing. Despite the fact that pain and emotion are known to share neural regions and interact in numerous clinical conditions, relatively little is known about the interaction of pain and emotion at the neural level. This study on healthy adults aimed to investigate the interaction between negative and positive emotional stimuli and experimental pain in an essential pain processing network. Sixteen healthy young adult subjects were exposed to pictures from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) with negative, neutral or positive valence, along with laser pain stimuli...
March 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258401/respiratory-motion-compensation-for-the-robot-guided-laser-osteotome
#19
Alina Giger, Christoph Jud, Philippe C Cattin
PURPOSE: The use of a robot-guided laser osteotome for median sternotomy is impeded by prohibiting cutting inaccuracies due to respiration-induced motions of the thorax. With this paper, we advance today's methodologies in sternotomy procedures by introducing the concept of novel 3D functional cuts and a respiratory motion compensation algorithm for the computer-assisted and robot-guided laser osteotome, CARLO(®). METHODS: We present a trajectory planning algorithm for performing 3D functional cuts at a constant cutting velocity...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254107/protocol-testing-the-relevance-of-acupuncture-theory-in-the-treatment-of%C3%A2-myofascial-pain-in-the-upper-trapezius-muscle
#20
Dale S Elsdon, Selina Spanswick, Chris Zaslawski, Peter C Meier
A protocol for a prospective single-blind parallel four-arm randomized placebo-controlled trial with repeated measures was designed to test the effects of various acupuncture methods compared with sham. Eighty self-selected participants with myofascial pain in the upper trapezius muscle were randomized into four groups. Group 1 received acupuncture to a myofascial trigger point (MTrP) in the upper trapezius. Group 2 received acupuncture to the MTrP in addition to relevant distal points. Group 3 received acupuncture to the relevant distal points only...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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