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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645220/comparison-of-emla-cream-and-topical-lidocaine-tape-for-pain-relief-of-v-beam-laser-treatment
#1
Masaru Horikiri, Kazuki Ueda, Takao Sakaba
The authors compared the analgesic effects of two topical applications; Emla(®) cream (Sato Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) and 60% lidocaine tape (Penles(®) tape; Maruho, Osaka, Japan). The authors examined 20 outpatients with capillary malformations. Emla(®) cream or Penles(®) tape was applied 1 h before laser irradiation using V-Beam. After V-Beam irradiation, pain intensity was measured using Pain Vision(®) (NIPRO, Osaka, Japan), while subjective pain was converted into numerical values using the VAS system...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644192/vulvodynia-younger-age-and-combined-therapies-associate-with-significant-reduction-in-self-reported-pain
#2
Anu P Aalto, Silja Vuoristo, Heidi Tuomaala, Riikka J Niemi, Synnöve M Staff, Johanna U Mäenpää
OBJECTIVES: Eight percent of women have vulvodynia (VD), a chronic pain disorder with unknown etiology. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of given VD treatments measured by numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain and patients' quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study material consisted of a retrospective VD patient cohort (N = 70). Data were collected by postal questionnaires and review of the medical records. RESULTS: We report here a statistically significant reduction in NRS only with combination of therapies (median NRS before treatments 8 vs median NRS 4 after treatments, p < ...
July 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644090/transdermal-administration-of-melatonin-coupled-to-cryopass-laser-treatment-as-noninvasive-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#3
Laura Terraneo, Paola Bianciardi, Eleonora Virgili, Elena Finati, Michele Samaja, Rita Paroni
Melatonin, a pineal gland hormone, exerts oncostatic activity in several types of human cancer, including prostate, the most common neoplasia and the third most frequent cause of male cancer death in the developed world. The growth of androgen-sensitive LNCaP prostate cancer cells in mice is inhibited by 3 mg/kg/week melatonin (0.09 mg/mouse/week) delivered by i.p. injections, which is equivalent to a dose of 210 mg/week in humans. The aim of this study is to test an alternative noninvasive delivery route based on transdermal administration of melatonin onto the tumor area followed by cryopass-laser treatment...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643927/co2-low-level-laser-therapy-has-an-early-but-not-delayed-pain-effect-during-experimental-tooth-movement
#4
T Deguchi, D G Kim, H Kamioka
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces elevated pain by controlling the release of neurochemicals during orthodontic tooth movement. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Okayama University. Sixty-five Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to tooth movement and LLLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult Sprague Dawley rats were used in this study. Groups included day 0 controls, irradiation only controls and with or without irradiation sacrificed at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after tooth movement (n=5 each, total n=65)...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640436/two-step-irradiance-schedule-versus-single-dose-cold-compress-for-pain-control-during-5-aminolevulinic-acid-based-photodynamic-therapy-of-condyloma-acuminatum
#5
Xiaonan Shao, Fang Wang, Bin Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two-step irradiance schedule in relieving pain during PDT of CA. METHODS: The study was a prospective, controlled trial of 141 CA patients who were randomly divided into Group A (two-step irradiance schedule) and Group B (single-dose cold compress). The numeric rating scales (NRS) of patients' pain were recorded at 5, 10, 15, and 20 minutes during each PDT. RESULTS: The efficacy of PDT and NRS scores of patients in the two groups were compared...
June 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638555/a-comparative-evaluation-oral-leukoplakia-surgical-management-using-diode-laser-co2-laser-and-cryosurgery
#6
Madhukar Natekar, Hosahallli-Puttaiah Raghuveer, Dilip-Kumar Rayapati, Eshwara-Singh Shobha, Nagesh-Tavane Prashanth, Vinod Rangan, Archana G Panicker
BACKGROUND: The comparatively evaluate the three surgical treatment modalities namely cryosurgery, diode and CO2 laser surgery in terms of healing outcomes on the day of surgery, first and second week post operatively and recurrence at the end of 18 months was assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty selected patients were divided randomly into three groups. Each group comprising of ten patients were subjected to one of the three modalities of treatment namely cryosurgery, diode laser or CO2 laser surgery for ablation of OL...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638546/comparing-the-effect-of-diode-laser-against-acyclovir-cream-for-the-treatment-of-herpes-labialis
#7
Marieh Honarmand, Leila Farhadmollashahi, Ehsan Vosoughirahbar
BACKGROUND: Recently alternative therapies such as the use of diode laser therapy have been introduced for recurrent herpes labial infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of diode laser for treatment of recurrent herpes labialis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was single-blind randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of diode laser for the treatment of recurrent herpes labial. In total, 60 patients whit recurrent herpes simplex labialis were selected and randomly divided in to three groups...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633773/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-outcomes-of-laser-therapy-ultrasound-therapy-and-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Aslihan Ulusoy, Lale Cerrahoglu, Sebnem Orguc
We determined and compared the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), therapeutic ultrasound (US) therapy, and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We performed a randomized, prospective, comparative clinical study. A total of 60 patients with a diagnosis of chronic plantar fasciitis were divided randomly into 3 treatment groups: group 1 underwent 15 sessions of LLLT (8 J/cm(2); 830 nm); group 2 underwent 15 sessions of continuous US (1 mHz; 2 W/cm(2)); and group 3 underwent 3 sessions of ESWT (2000 shocks)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630217/effectiveness-of-conservative-interventions-including-exercise-manual-therapy-and-medical-management-in-adults-with-shoulder-impingement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#9
REVIEW
Ruedi Steuri, Martin Sattelmayer, Simone Elsig, Chloé Kolly, Amir Tal, Jan Taeymans, Roger Hilfiker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions for pain, function and range of motion in adults with shoulder impingement. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase and PEDro were searched from inception to January 2017. STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials including participants with shoulder impingement and evaluating at least one conservative intervention against sham or other treatments...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629992/do-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-benefit-from-low-level-laser-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Thierry P C Franke, Bart W Koes, Sven J G Geelen, Bionka M A Huisstede
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy for patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro were searched for relevant systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to April 8 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion criteria to select potential studies. DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers independently extracted the data and assessed the methodological quality...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626329/effects-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-on-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-chronic-back-pain
#11
Hyeun-Woo Choi, Jongmin Lee, Sangyong Lee, Jioun Choi, Kwansub Lee, Byung-Kon Kim, Gook-Joo Kim
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of High Intensity Laser Therapy on pain and function of patients with chronic back pain. [Subjects and Methods] This study evenly divided a total of 20 patients with chronic back pain into a conservative physical therapy group that received conservative physical therapy, and a high intensity laser therapy group that received High Intensity Laser Therapy after conservative physical therapy. All patients received the therapy three times a week for four weeks. For the high intensity laser therapy group, treatment was applied to the L1-L5 and S1 regions for 10 minutes by using a high intensity laser device while vertically maintaining the separation distance from handpiece to skin at approximately 1 cm...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625446/a-novel-treatment-for-chronic-opioid-use-after-surgery
#12
Paul F White, Ofelia Loani Elvir-Lazo, Hector Hernandez
In a recent article from the Center for Disease Control, the authors addressed the current opioid epidemic in America and emphasized the importance of utilizing non-opioid analgesic alternatives to opioid medication for treating chronic pain. In cases where non-opioid analgesic drugs alone have failed to produce adequate pain relief, these authors suggested that non-pharmacologic therapies should also be considered. This Case Series describes a pilot study designed to evaluate a novel non-pharmacologic approach to treating long-standing (>1year) opioid dependency...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622043/anterior-segment-injury-by-a-high-power-handheld-blue-laser-device
#13
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Sulaiman M Alsulaiman, Nicola G Ghazi
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe anterior segment inflammation secondary to exposure to a high-power blue laser device. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 14-year-old male presented with redness, pain and decreased vision in his left eye after exposure to blue laser. Examination indicated severe conjunctival injection associated with 4+ cells in the anterior chamber with fibrinous reaction. The posterior pole was normal. CONCLUSION: Blue laser devices are easily available through the Internet...
June 16, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621453/the-pinhole-method-using-an-erbium-yag-laser-for-the-treatment-of-papular-acne-scars
#14
Sang Ju Lee, Jae Min Kim, Young Koo Kim, Seong Jun Seo, Kui Young Park
Papular acne scars are skin-colored or hypopigmented, soft and elevated lesions of the chin and trunk. Papular scars are one of the most difficult acne scars to treat. Herein, we reported two patients with papular acne scars on the chin that were successfully treated by the pinhole method using an Erbium (ER):YAG laser. Good cosmetic results were achieved in both patients. The side effects included mild, intra-, and post-procedural pain and erythema that resolved spontaneously within 2 weeks. The pinhole method with an Er:YAG laser could potentially be used as a safe and effective treatment for papular acne scars...
June 16, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621287/ibuprofen-and-low-level-laser-therapy-for-pain-control-during-fixed-orthodontic-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-meta-analysis
#15
Faezeh Eslamipour, Saeed R Motamedian, Fahimeh Bagheri
INTRODUCTION: To systematically review high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of use of ibuprofen and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for pain control during fixed orthodontic appliance therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based systematic search of PubMed and Medline database using relevant keywords was performed in August 2016 limited to the English language studies. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, RCTs utilizing blind approach were selected...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616929/-clinical-medicinethe-evaluation-of-he-ne-laser-therapy-help-wound-healing-of-nail-surgery
#16
Rong Mei, Wen-Bin Zhao, Si-Liang Xue
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of He-Ne laser therapy on wound healing after nail surgery. METHODS: Patients who needed nail surgery were divided into treatment group (n=20) and control group (n=20) randomly.The He-Ne laser was applied to the wound after nail surgery in treatment group. The wound healing time, the inflammation duration, the pain rating, and the nail plate full-grown time were compared with control group. RESULTS: No significant differences in baseline of two groups were observed...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614189/a-dose-response-study-of-topical-allyl-isothiocyanate-mustard-oil-as-human-surrogate-model-of-pain-hyperalgesia-and-neurogenic-inflammation
#17
H H Andersen, S Lo Vecchio, P Gazerani, L Arendt-Nielsen
Despite being a ubiquitous animal pain model, the natural TRPA1-agonist allyl-isothiocyanate (AITC, also known as "mustard oil") has only been sparsely investigated as a potential human surrogate model of pain, sensitization, and neurogenic inflammation. Its dose-response as an algogenic, sensitizing irritant remains to be elucidated in human skin. Three concentrations of AITC (10%, 50%, 90%) and vehicle (paraffin) were applied for 5 min to 3x3 cm areas on the volar forearms in 14 healthy volunteers, and evoked pain intensity (visual analog scale 0-100 mm) and pain quality were assessed...
June 9, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613836/design-and-performance-of-a-novel-interface-for-combined-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-at-elevated-pressure-and-electrospray-ionization-with-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry
#18
Mikhail E Belov, Shane R Ellis, Marialaura Dilillo, Martin R L Paine, William F Danielson, Gordon A Anderson, Eric L De Graaf, Gert B Eijkel, Ron M A Heeren, Liam A McDonnell
Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization, MALDI, has been increasingly used in a variety of biomedical applications, including tissue imaging of clinical tissue samples, and in drug discovery and development. These studies strongly depend on the performance of the analytical instrumentation and would drastically benefit from improved sensitivity, reproducibility and mass / spatial resolution. In this work, we report on a novel combined MALDI/ESI interface, which was coupled to different Orbitrap mass spectrometers (Elite™ and Q Exactive™ Plus) and extensively characterized with peptide and protein standards, and in tissue imaging experiments...
June 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612462/epithelial-invasion-after-open-globe-injury
#19
Arne Viestenz, Berthold Seitz, Anja Viestenz, Gottfried O H Naumann
INTRODUCTION: Epithelial invasion after open globe injury is a rare complication. Wrong treatment (laser opening of the cyst) or no treatment can lead to painful blindness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty percent (25/62) of patients with block excision with epithelial downgrowth had a history of open globe injury. Four of them were female. Their mean age was 45 ±21 years. RESULTS: A tectonic keratoplasty with block excision was performed on 25 patients...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611171/pitfalls-of-the-duplex-system-the-mystery-of-the-missing-stone
#20
Donald Kudakwashe Nyanhongo, Satpal Antil, Syed Nasir
A duplex ureter constitutes about 1% of the renal tract anomalies.A 39-year-old man presented with a 4-week history of left loin pain and microscopic haematuria. Investigation with a non-contrast CT KUB revealed a 6 mm non-obstructing calculus in the left distal ureter.Left ureteroscopy and lithotripsy was planned. However, ureteroscopy failed to identify the calculus. A double J ureteric stent was left in situ and the procedure abandoned in favour of further assessment with a CT urogram. Imaging surprisingly showed a left duplex ureter with the calculus in the non-stented ureter...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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