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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231380/perioperative-medications-for-preventing-temporarily-increased-intraocular-pressure-after-laser-trabeculoplasty
#1
REVIEW
Linda Zhang, Jennifer S Weizer, David C Musch
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the international leading cause of irreversible blindness. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only currently known modifiable risk factor; it can be reduced by medications, incisional surgery, or laser trabeculoplasty (LTP). LTP reduces IOP by 25% to 30% from baseline, but early acute IOP elevation after LTP is a common adverse effect. Most of these IOP elevations are transient, but temporarily elevated IOP may cause further optic nerve damage, worsening of glaucoma requiring additional therapy, and permanent vision loss...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221153/ultra-mini-pnl-ump-material-indications-technique-advantages-and-results
#2
Janak D Desai
Stone disease has afflicted mankind since centuries; records from ancient civilisations of India and Egypt have shown stones in human bodies. The scientific mind of humans has always made smart endeavours to remove the kidney stones. From large instruments made like the beaks of different animals and birds in 600 BC (Indian civilisation) to extremely sophisticated and miniaturised endoscopic intruments of today the human race has travelled a long way. The theme has always been to remove the stones with minimal morbidity and mortality and with minimum pain to the patient...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220505/fractional-microplasma-radiofrequency-technology-for-non-hypertrophic-post-burn-scars-in-asians-a-prospective-study-of-95-patients
#3
Shen Wang, Jing Mi, Qingfeng Li, Rui Jin, Jiying Dong
BACKGROUND: Laser and other energy devices are emerging, minimally invasive treatments for scars. Among the various techniques, fractional microplasma radiofrequency technology (FMRT) has proven to be an effective treatment option for various types of scars and skin conditions such as rhytids, striae distensae, and hyperpigmentation. OBJECTIVE: This prospective clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of FMRT for treating non-hypertrophic post-burn scars in the Asian population...
February 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218006/do-tmj-symptoms-improve-and-last-across-time-after-treatment-with-red-660-nm-and-infrared-790-nm-low-level-laser-treatment-lllt-a-survival-analysis
#4
Dhelfeson Willya Douglas De Oliveira, Frederico Santos Lages, Raphael Castro Guimarães, Túlio Silva Pereira, Adriana Maria Botelho, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Karine Taís Aguiar Tavano, Patricia Furtado Gonçalves, Olga Dumont Flecha
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a variety of clinical problems that originate from the area of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles, and surrounding tissues. There are different treatment options; however, there is no evidence that low level laser treatment (LLLT) will last about six months. The aim of this study was to determine the survival rate of treatment with red (660 nm) and infrared (790 nm) laser in cases of TMDs. METHODS: In 19 subjects, one side of the face (half face) was randomly selected to receive intervention, in a total of 116 sensitive points...
February 20, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212586/effects-of-resistance-band-exercise-on-vascular-activity-and-fitness-in-older-adults
#5
Mark F Smith, Mistrelle Ellmore, Geoff Middleton, Paul M Murgatroyd, Thomas I Gee
This study investigated the effects of a low to moderately intense resistance-band exercise intervention on cutaneous microvascular function in an older population. 18 sedentary healthy participants (age: 58±5) were assessed for their upper and lower-limb endothelial cutaneous vascular conductance using laser Doppler fluximetry with endothelial-dependent (80 μl acetylcholine chloride), and -independent vasodilation (80 μl sodium nitroprusside). In addition, participants underwent a range of functional assessments (cardiopulmonary fitness, strength, flexibility), and completed a perceived quality of life questionnaire...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210386/ionic-hydrogel-monotherapy-and-in-combination-with-antiviral-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-the-post-procedure-management-of-fractional-laser-treated-patients
#6
Francesca Romana Grippaudo
Objective: The pre- and postoperative care for fractionated laser resurfacing is still controversial, especially in regard to the use of antibiotics to prevent bacterial infection and potential consequences. Recently, an ionic hydrogel has shown to be useful in the postoperative treatment of minor burns. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of this hydrogel after fractional laser treatments targeting photoaging and chronoaging damage to skin. Design: A randomized prospective study. Setting: one plastic surgeon private practice...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210023/application-of-diode-laser-in-the-treatment-of-dentine-hypersensitivity
#7
Mirjana Gojkov-Vukelic, Sanja Hadzic, Amila Zukanovic, Enes Pasic, Veriva Pavlic
INTRODUCTION: Dentine hypersensitivity is characterized by acute, sharp pain arising from the exposed dentine, most commonly in response to thermal, tactile, or chemical stimuli, and which cannot be linked to any other pathological changes in the tooth or the environment. Therapy uses various impregnating agents in the form of solutions or gels and, in more recent times, laser. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine the effects of treatment of hypersensitive dental cervix with diode laser...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208958/radiological-and-histopathological-outcome-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-femur-with-denosumab-treatment-a-case-report
#8
Preethi Dileep Menon, R Krishnakumar, Annie Jojo
Giant Cell Tumour of Bone (GCTB) is a benign but locally aggressive osteolytic skeletal neoplasm of young adults consisting of giant cells expressing RANK (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-κB) and mesenchymal spindle-like stromal cells expressing RANKL (RANK ligand). The interaction of these cells leads to bone resorption. Recently, the RANKL inhibitor, denosumab, has demonstrated activity against giant-cell tumours. The current article reports a case of a Giant cell tumour of left distal femur with pathological fracture...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208921/transurethral-cystolithotripsy-of-large-bladder-stones-by-holmium-laser-as-a-day-care-procedure
#9
Shantajit Nameirakpam, Salinita Naorem, M S Faridi, Kaku Singh Akoijam, Rajendra Singh Sinam
INTRODUCTION: Bladder stones constitute around 5% of bladder stones in the developed countries. Holmium laser lithotripsy has revolutionised the treatment of urinary lithiasis. AIM: The aim of this study was to report the outcome of transurethral cystolithotripsy with Holmium Laser under Local Anaesthesia (LA) as a day care procedure in patients with bladder stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with bladder stone greater than 1.5cm attending urology Outpatient Department underwent transurethral cystolithotripsy with Holmium Laser under LA as day care procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207185/age-related-changes-in-laser-evoked-potentials-following-trigeminal-and-hand-stimulation-in-healthy-subjects
#10
M de Tommaso, K Ricci, A Montemurno, E Vecchio
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate age-related changes in laser-evoked potential (LEP) features, including habituation, via trigeminal and hand stimulation in a large group of healthy volunteers. METHODS: We recorded the LEPs by right-hand stimulation in 237 healthy subjects and by stimulation of the right supraorbital zone in 170 cases. The subjects ranged in age from 7 to 72 years and were divided into six groups by age. RESULTS: At the trigeminal level, the N2 and P2 latencies were significantly shorter and the N2-P2 amplitude was significantly larger in the 7-17 age group than in the other groups...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204781/differences-in-pain-perception-between-men-and-women-of-reproductive-age-a-laser-evoked-potentials-study
#11
Chryssoula Staikou, Panagiotis Kokotis, Andreas Kyrozis, Demetrios Rallis, George Makrydakis, Dimitra Manoli, Nikolaos Karandreas, Elefterios Stamboulis, Christos Moschovos, Argyro Fassoulaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203193/recurrent-uveal-effusion-after-laser-iridotomy
#12
Hiroshi Sakai, Michiko Yonahara, Miyako Sakai
A 59-year-old woman was seen by an ophthalmologist for blurred vision, ocular pain, headache, and nausea. She was diagnosed with acute primary angle closure (APAC) and successfully treated with medications. Using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM), engorged episcleral vein was observed and small uveal effusion was diagnosed after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). The uveal effusion disappeared and was again diagnosed by UBM together with anterior segment inflammation with ocular pain. Iritis caused by LPI after APAC might be a cause of uveal effusion in this specific case...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199463/effect-of-methyl-aminolevulinate-photodynamic-therapy-with-and-without-ablative-fractional-laser-treatment-in-patients-with-microinvasive-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Seung-Hwan Choi, Ki-Ho Kim, Ki-Hoon Song
Importance: Surgical excision is the standard treatment for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, microinvasive SCC (Clark level II) is limited to the papillary dermis, and it should be differentiated from invasive SCC. Ablative fractional laser-primed photodynamic therapy (AFL-PDT) may have enhanced efficacy. Objective: To compare 1 session of AFL-PDT with 2 sessions of conventional methyl aminolevulinate-PDT (MAL-PDT) for the treatment of microinvasive SCC...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#14
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195854/lateral-inhibition-during-nociceptive-processing
#15
Alexandre S Quevedo, Carsten Dahl Mørch, Ole K Andersen, Robert C Coghill
Spatial summation of pain is the increase of perceived intensity that occurs as the stimulated area increases. Spatial summation of pain is sub-additive in that increasing the stimulus area produces a disproportionately small increase in the perceived intensity of pain. A possible explanation for sub-additive summation may be that convergent excitatory information is modulated by lateral inhibition. To test the hypothesis that lateral inhibition may limit spatial summation of pain, we delivered different patterns of noxious thermal stimuli to the abdomens of 15 subjects using a computer-controlled CO2-laser...
February 11, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194135/inaccurate-saccades-and-enhanced-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-suppression-during-combined-eye-head-movements-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-possible-implications-for-cervical-vertigo
#16
Janine L Johnston, Pierre M Daye, Glen T D Thomson
BACKGROUND: The primate ocular motor system is designed to acquire peripheral targets of interest by coordinating visual, vestibular, and neck muscle activation signals. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is greatly reduced at the onset of large eye-head (gaze) saccades and resumes before the end of the saccades to stabilize eye-in-orbit and ensure accurate target acquisition. Previous studies have relied on manipulating head movements in normal individuals to study VOR suppression and gaze kinematics...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193015/derivatization-strategies-for-the-detection-of-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-cartilage-by-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#17
Florian P Y Barré, Bryn Flinders, João P Garcia, Imke Jansen, Lennart R S Huizing, Tiffany Porta, Laura B Creemers, Ron M A Heeren, Berta Cillero-Pastor
Osteoarthritis (OA), characterized by degeneration of the cartilaginous tissue in articular joints, severely impairs mobility in many people worldwide. The degeneration is thought to be mediated by inflammatory processes occurring in the tissue of the joint, including the cartilage. Intra-articular administered triamcinolone acetonide (TAA) is one of the drug treatments employed to ameliorate the inflammation and pain that characterizes OA. However, the penetration and distribution of TAA into the avascular cartilage is not well understood...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#18
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187472/-epi-bowman-keratectomy-clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-method-of-surface-ablation
#19
S Taneri, S Kießler, A Rost, T Schultz, M Elling, B Dick
Purpose A new device for epithelial abrasion before excimer laser surface ablation or corneal cross-linking (CXL) has recently been introduced (Epi-Clear™, Orca Surgical, Kiryat-Shmona, Israel). We have reviewed the literature on the clinical results, potential benefits and drawbacks of this instrument, compared to other methods of epithelial removal. Method Literature search for "Epi-Bowman Keratectomy", "Epi-clear", and "Epikeratome" yielded 1 peer-review publication, 1 non-peer-review publication, 18 posters and presentations at international conferences (European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons [ESCRS] and American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery [ASCRS]) on the use of the Epi-Clear™ device before surface ablation, 2 posters on the use of Epi-Clear before corneal crosslinking and 1 presentation on the experimental use of Epi-Clear for removal of a pterygium...
February 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183835/benign-spine-lesions-advances-in-techniques-for-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-treatment
#20
REVIEW
A Tomasian, A N Wallace, J W Jennings
Minimally invasive percutaneous imaging-guided techniques have been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of benign tumors of the spine. Techniques available include a variety of tumor ablation technologies, including radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, alcohol ablation, and laser photocoagulation. Vertebral augmentation may be performed after ablation as part of the same procedure for fracture stabilization or prevention. Typically, the treatment goal in benign spine lesions is definitive cure...
February 9, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
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