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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342244/gli2-rescues-delays-in-brain-development-induced-by-kif3a-dysfunction
#1
Jia-Long Chen, Chia-Hsiang Chang, Jin-Wu Tsai
The primary cilium in neural stem cells plays distinct roles in different stages during cortical development. Ciliary dysfunctions in human (i.e., ciliopathy) cause developmental defects in multiple organs, including brain developmental delays, which lead to intellectual disabilities and cognitive deficits. However, effective treatment to this devastating developmental disorder is still lacking. Here, we first investigated the effects of ciliopathy on neural stem cells by knocking down Kif3a, a kinesin II motor required for ciliogenesis, in the neurogenic stage of cortical development by in utero electroporation of mouse embryos...
January 12, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338148/novel-applications-of-bedside-monitoring-to-plumb-patient-hemodynamic-state-and-response-to-therapy
#2
Fabio Guarracino, Pietro Bertini, Michael R Pinsky
Hemodynamic monitoring is essential during the treatment of the critically ill in order to address the hemodynamic alterations and assess the response to treatment. Traditionally classified causes of shock and underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are often neglected by resuscitative strategies included in the guidelines. Most of hemodynamic management focuses on the ability to early recognise patients susceptible to increase cardiac output (CO) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) after a defined fluid challenge by eliciting Starling's law of the heart, and less is known of the ones presenting in shock and not volume responsive...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333094/left-ventricular-diastolic-and-systolic-dyssynchrony-and-dysfunction-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-a-narrow-qrs-complex
#3
Shuang Liu, Zhengyu Guan, Xuanyi Jin, Pingping Meng, Yonghuai Wang, Xianfeng Zheng, Dalin Jia, Chunyan Ma, Jun Yang
Aims: Mechanical dyssynchrony has been reported in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), with a majority of patients having a narrow QRS complex; however, whether any benefit is observed with restoration of dyssynchrony remains unclear. We sought to assess left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and function in HFpEF and elucidate the underlying mechanisms that may account for HFpEF. Methods: Seventy-eighty patients with a narrow QRS complex including 47 with HFpEF, 31 with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) patients, and 29 with asymptomatic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) were recruited...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331650/echocardiographic-patterns-of-postresuscitation-myocardial-dysfunction
#4
Kyoung-Chul Cha, Hyung Il Kim, Oh Hyun Kim, Yong Sung Cha, Hyun Kim, Kang Hyun Lee, Sung Oh Hwang
BACKGROUND: Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction (PRMD) can develop after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest. However, echocardiographic patterns of PRMD remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate PRMD manifestations with serial echocardiography during the post-cardiac arrest period. METHODS: We enrolled non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients older than 19 years who underwent successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We excluded patients with myocardial infarction or pre-existing cardiac disease, including heart failure or myocardial disease...
January 11, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327567/does-surgical-ventricular-restoration-still-represent-a-valuable-option-in-the-surgeon-s-armamentarium-in-the-post-stich-era
#5
Giuseppe Santarpino, Marcello Melone, Luigi Specchia, Antonio Albano, Anna Nicoletti, Renato Gregorini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327381/oxidative-stress-impairs-myocyte-autophagy-resulting-in-myocyte-hypertrophy
#6
Jia-Pu Wang, Rui-Fang Chi, Ke Wang, Teng Ma, Xiao-Fei Guo, Xiao-Li Zhang, Bao Li, Fu-Zhong Qin, Xue-Bin Han, Bian-Ai Fan
Insufficient or excessive myocyte autophagy is associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Reactive oxygen species mediate myocyte hypertrophy in vitro and pressure overload-induced LV hypertrophy in vivo. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress induces autophagy impairment that results in myocyte hypertrophy. H9C2 cardiomyocytes were exposed to 10 and 50 μm hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) for 48 h pretreated with autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA). Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent abdominal aortic constriction (AAC) or sham operation...
January 12, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320987/effect-of-intracoronary-agents-on-the-no-reflow-phenomenon-during-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-network-meta-analysis
#7
Xiaowei Niu, Jingjing Zhang, Ming Bai, Yu Peng, Shaobo Sun, Zheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Despite the restoration of epicardial flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), myocardial reperfusion remains impaired in a significant proportion of patients. We performed a network meta-analysis to assess the effect of 7 intracoronary agents (adenosine, anisodamine, diltiazem, nicorandil, nitroprusside, urapidil, and verapamil) on the no-reflow phenomenon in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing PPCI. METHODS: Database searches were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the 7 agents with each other or with standard PPCI...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312775/case-report-improvement-of-cardiac-remodeling-with-shock-wave-therapy-of-a-patient-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#8
Yingnan Bai, Xiaoyan Wang, Xin Deng, Hongyi Wu, Abdel Hamid Fathy, Yan Xi, Yunzeng Zou, Jie Cui, Junbo Ge
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) are two major preferred reperfusion strategies to restore the ischemic-related artery patency, but PCI and CABG do not necessarily guarantee the recovery of post-procedure left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and release of symptoms. Moreover, there is no definitive effective way to enhance microcirculations. Theoretically, shock wave therapy (SWT) is an option. We report here a case of patient who received SWT. The patient's medical history was characterized by chest pain for 20 years, having received CABG 13 years ago...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286395/benefits-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-in-an-asynchronous-heart-failure-model-induced-by-left-bundle-branch-ablation-and-rapid-pacing
#9
Jingfeng Wang, Zhenning Nie, Haiyan Chen, Xianhong Shu, Zhaohua Yang, Ruiming Yao, Yangang Su, Junbo Ge
It is now well recognized that heart failure (HF) patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) derive substantial clinical benefits from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), and LBBB has become one of the important predictors for CRT response. The conventional tachypacing-induced HF model has several major limitations, including absence of stable LBBB and rapid reversal of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after cessation of pacing. Hence, it is essential to establish an optimal model of chronic HF with isolated LBBB for studying CRT benefits...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276930/-perfusion-metabolic-myocardial-scintigraphy-in-prognosis-of-left-ventricular-remodeling-after-complex-surgical-treatment-of-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#10
Y B Lishmanov, M O Gulya, K V Zavadovsky, S L Andreev, E A Alexandrova
PURPOSE: To study capabilities of perfusion-metabolic myocardial scintigraphy for prediction of the left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after comprehensive surgical treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICMP). METHODS: The study included ICMP patients aged 56±7 years (n=32) who underwent surgical correction of LV dysfunction (myocardial revascularization, LV reconstruction, and mitral valve restoration). Inclusion criteria were significant coronary artery disease; myocardial infarction; New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV heart failure; LV ejection fraction (EF) ≤45%; LV end-systolic index (ESI) >60 mL/m2; and LV akinesia or dyskinesia according to echocardiography...
October 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274332/abnormal-cannabidiol-confers-cardioprotection-in-diabetic-rats-independent-of-glycemic-control
#11
Asmaa I Matouk, Ashraf Taye, Mohamed A El-Moselhy, Gehan H Heeba, Abdel A Abdel-Rahman
Chronic GPR18 activation by its agonist abnormal cannabidiol (trans-4-[3-methyl-6-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-yl]-5-pentyl-1,3-benzenediol; abn-cbd) improves myocardial redox status and function in healthy rats. Here, we investigated the ability of abn-cbd to alleviate diabetes-evoked cardiovascular pathology and the contribution of GPR18 to this effect. Four weeks after diabetes induction by streptozotocin (STZ, 55mg/kg; i.p), male Wistar rats received abn-cbd, the GPR18 antagonist (1,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-2-[(1R,6R)-3-methyl-6-(1-methylethenyl)-2-,cyclohexen-1-yl]benzene;O-1918), their combination (100µg/kg/day, i...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249904/the-inodilator-levosimendan-as-a-treatment-for-acute-heart-failure-in-various-settings
#12
Finn Gustafsson, Fabio Guarracino, Robert H G Schwinger
Levosimendan is an inodilator developed for treatment of acute heart failure. It was shown to enhance cardiac contractility, and to exert a vasodilatory effect in all vascular beds. In some trials, the use of levosimendan was associated with cardioprotective effects. These distinctive qualities may be relevant to its use in a range of acute heart failure settings and/or complications, including acute coronary syndromes and cardiogenic shock. It is conjectured that part of the benefit of levosimendan may arise from restoration of ventriculo-arterial coupling via optimization of the ratio of arterial to ventricular elastance and the transfer of mechanical energy...
March 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248607/involvement-of-mitogen-activated-kinase-kinase-7-intracellular-signalling-pathway-in-sunitinib-induced-cardiotoxicity
#13
Samantha Louise Cooper, Hardip Sandhu, Afthab Hussain, Christopher Mee, Helen Maddock
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor Sunitinib is used to treat cancer and is linked to severe adverse cardiovascular events. Mitogen activated kinase kinase 7 (MKK7) is involved in the development of cardiac injury and is a component of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway. Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is the upstream activator of MKK7 and is specifically inhibited by 2,7-dihydro-2,7-dioxo-3H-naphtho[1,2,3-de]quinoline-1-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (NQDI-1). This study investigates the role of ASK1, MKK7 and JNK during Sunitinib-induced cardiotoxicity...
December 14, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248281/repair-of-a-quadricuspid-truncal-valve-by-tricuspidization-and-reconstruction-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-with-the-excised-truncal-cusp
#14
Ling-Yi Wei, Yih-Sharng Chen, Ing-Sh Chiu, Shu-Chien Huang
OBJECTIVE: Quadricuspid truncal valves are susceptible to regurgitation, and tricuspid configuration is considered more durable after repairing the truncal valve. We report a new method by excising the excessive truncal cuspid to reconstruct a new competent aortic valve. METHODS: Bilateral pulmonary banding failed to stabilize a 4-month-old baby with type I truncus arteriosus and quadricuspid truncal valve with severe regurgitation, so surgery was performed. The aorta was transected, and the pulmonary arteries was separated from the aorta...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236226/evaluation-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-state-of-the-art-after-35%C3%A2-years-with-doppler-assessment
#15
REVIEW
Otto A Smiseth
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic function can be evaluated by echocardiographic indices of LV relaxation/restoring forces, diastolic compliance, and filling pressure. By using a combination of indices, diastolic function can be graded and LV filling pressure estimated with high feasibility and good accuracy. Evaluation of diastolic function is of particular importance in patients with unexplained exertional dyspnea or other symptoms or signs of heart failure which cannot be attributed to impaired LV systolic function and to assess filling pressure in patients with heart failure and reduced LV ejection fraction...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216948/-tea-polyphenols-down-regulate-jnk-phosphorylation-to-inhibit-neuron-apoptosis-in-rats-with-cardiac-arrest
#16
Yumei Liu, Thi Phuong Anh Nguyen, Menghua Chen, Lu Xie
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of tea polyphenols (TP) on c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2) phosphorylation and cell apoptosis in brain tissues in rats with cardiac arrest (CA) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: Healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham group (n = 6), CA group (n = 12), and TP group (n = 12). The rats in CA and TP groups were induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) via esophagus stimulation with alternating current...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208691/inhibition-of-nitric-oxide-synthase-unmasks-vigorous-vasoconstriction-in-established-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#17
Mariko Tanaka, Kohtaro Abe, Masahiko Oka, Keita Saku, Keimei Yoshida, Tomohito Ishikawa, Ivan F McMurtry, Kenji Sunagawa, Sumio Hoka, Hiroyuki Tsutsui
It is widely accepted that impaired bioavailability of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, there are published data that show that relatively many PAH patients respond favorably to acetylcholine-induced pulmonary vasodilation during their follow-up period, when diverse stages of the disorder are included. We hypothesized that NO bioavailability varies depending on the progression of PAH Adult rats were exposed to the VEGF receptor blocker Sugen5416 and 3 weeks of hypoxia followed by return to normoxia for various additional weeks...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207893/a-combination-of-an-iron-chelator-with-an-antioxidant-exerts-greater-efficacy-on-cardioprotection-than-monotherapy-in-iron-overload-thalassemic-mice
#18
Sirinart Kumfu, Juthamas Khamseekaew, Siripong Palee, Somdet Srichairatanakool, Suthat Fucharoen, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Many recent studies have shown that antioxidant compounds decrease cardiac oxidative stress, decrease cardiac iron deposition and improve cardiac dysfunction in iron-overload induced cardiomyopathy in animal models. Interestingly, a therapy including the combination of the iron chelator deferiprone (DFP) plus the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been shown to significantly decrease oxidative stress and restore heart and brain function in iron-overloaded rats. However, the cardioprotective effects of this combined DFP and NAC treatment in thalassemic mice has not been investigated...
December 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191615/percutaneous-mitral-valve-technology-what-is-on-the-horizon
#19
Sadip Pant, Kendra J Grubb
Mitral valve disease is common, with mitral regurgitation (MR) being the most frequent pathology. The etiology of MR is diverse, but, if left untreated, MR results in left ventricular (LV) volume overload, leading to remodeling, dilation of the LV, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, and death. Mitral regurgitation is a high-risk diagnosis, yet a minority of symptomatic patients are referred for discussion of surgical treatment options. Percutaneous repair options are under development to address this clinical need and emphasize correction of the underlying anatomical pathology to restore mitral valve coaptation...
November 27, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186415/atrioventricular-dromotropathy-evidence-for-a-distinctive-entity-in-heart-failure-with-prolonged-pr-interval
#20
Floor C W M Salden, Valentina Kutyifa, Martin Stockburger, Frits W Prinzen, Kevin Vernooy
Heart failure (HF) is often accompanied by atrioventricular (AV) conduction disturbance, represented by prolongation of the PR interval on the electrocardiogram. Studies suggest that PR prolongation exists in at least 10% of HF patients, and it seems more prevalent in the presence of prolonged QRS duration. A prolonged PR interval may result in elevated left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure, diastolic mitral regurgitation, and reduced LV pump function. This seems especially the case in patients with heart disease, in whom it is associated with an increased risk for atrial fibrillation, advanced AV heart block, HF, and death...
November 24, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
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