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Shun Takemoto, Megumi Ebara, Shinji Hasebe, Yoshihiro Yakushijin
AIMS: Pneumocystis Jirovecii (PJ) is regarded as an agent of fungal infection and in cases of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in immune-compromised patients including cancer patients. It is not clear what kinds of cancer, treatments, and environment need prophylaxis for PCP. In this study, we have analyzed the detectability of PJ DNA from sputum, and discussed prophylaxis and risk factors regarding PCP. METHODS: A total of forty-nine materials (twenty-four from outpatients during cancer chemotherapies and twenty-five from healthy control subjects) was collected...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Przemysław Adamczyk, Kajetan Juszczak, Małgorzata Prondzinska, Anna Kędzierska, Hanna Szwajkert-Sobiecka, Tomasz Drewa
INTRODUCTION: Infection of prostate gland following biopsy is common complication. Most common pathogen is E.coli. Since fluorochinolones are commonly prescribed as prophylaxis, infection caused by E.coli leads to complicated infections, especially due to fluoroquinolone-resistant species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of fluoroquinolone-resistant E.coli species in rectal swabs of patients undergoing prostate biopsy and to define appropriate antimicrobial agent as prostate biopsy prophylaxis...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
Awoke Derbie, Derese Hailu, Daniel Mekonnen, Bayeh Abera, Gashaw Yitayew
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance among bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) has been increasing since the introduction of chemotherapy. This study was aimed to assess the types of isolates from patients with UTI and to determine their current antimicrobial susceptibility profile. METHODS: A record based retrospective analysis of bacterial uropathogens processed in the period of January 2012 to December 2014 at Bahir Dar Health Research Laboratory Center (BRHRLC) was determined...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Carmen Lozano, Antonio Rezusta, Isabel Ferrer, Vanesa Pérez-Laguna, Myriam Zarazaga, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, María José Revillo, Carmen Torres
Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is an opportunistic pathogen that has been identified as infectious agent or colonizer mainly in dogs. S. pseudintermedius has been also detected in humans and more specifically in people in contact with dogs. In this study, the possible S. pseudintermedius pet-to-human transmission was analyzed in four clinical human cases. Two patients were dog owners and S. pseudintermedius was also detected as colonizer in these healthy animals. S. pseudintermedius isolates from patients and dogs of the same household showed identical pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns, sequence types (STs), and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and genotypes, and were methicillin susceptible...
April 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Bruna Coelho Lopes, Ananda Lima Sanson, Sérgio Francisco de Aquino, Cláudio Leite de Souza, Carlos Augusto de Lemos Chernicharo, Robson José de Cássia Franco Afonso
This work has assessed the seasonal changes and the dynamics in the concentration of six pharmaceutical compounds during photolysis as a tertiary treatment of sewage previously treated by an anaerobic/aerobic system comprising a UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) reactor and a trickling filter (TF). The target compounds were four antibiotics (ciprofloxacin (CPF), clindamycin (CLM), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), and trimetoprim), one β-blocker (atenolol), and one anti-inflammatory (diclofenac (DCF)). Six hydraulic retention times (HRTs) were evaluated (5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 min) with the intent of varying the ultraviolet C (UVC) radiation doses applied to the effluent from biological treatment containing the target contaminants...
November 2017: Environmental Technology
Siti Norayuni Mohd Zulkeflle, Yus Amira Yusaimi, Norio Sugiura, Koji Iwamoto, Masafumi Goto, Motoo Utsumi, Nor'azizi Bin Othman, Zuriati Zakaria, Hirofumi Hara
Antibiotic resistance has become a major public health problem throughout the world. The presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in hospital wastewater is a cause for great concern today. In this study, 276 Staph. aureus isolates were recovered from hospital wastewater samples in Malaysia. All of the isolates were screened for susceptibility to nine different classes of antibiotics: ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, erythromycin, vancomycin, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, tetracycline and nalidixic acid...
December 2016: Microbiology
Mohammad Taghi Akhi, Ali Toloue Ostadgavahi, Reza Ghotaslou, Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Tahereh Pirzadeh, Vida Sorayaei Sowmesarayi, Mohammad Yousef Memar
BACKGROUND: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a food-borne pathogen and infection with this organism causes illnesses such as bloody diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. OBJECTIVES: Considering the lack of any information about the prevalence rate and the antibiotic resistance pattern of O157:H7 serotype in Tabriz, finding answers to the above mentioned subjects was among the goals of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred E...
November 2015: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
N A Selyanskaya, A V Trishina, L M Verkina, I V Arkhangelskaya, V D Kruglikov, Yu M Zlenko
Analysis of the antibioticograms of 22 strains of Vibrio cholerae non O1/non O139 serogroups (ctxA- tepA-) isolated from the environment in the Rostov Region in 2011 showed that all the cultures were susceptible to ciprofloxacin, aminoglycosides, ceftriaxone, trimetoprime/sulfamethoxazole and resistant to levomycetin and furazolidone. 32%, 18% and 9% of the isolates were resistant to tetracycline, rifampicin and nalidixic acid respectively. No strains of V. cholerae susceptible to all the tested antimicrobials were detected...
2014: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
Anthony Alozie, Annette Zimpfer, Kerstin Köller, Bernd Westphal, Annette Obliers, Andreas Erbersdobler, Gustav Steinhoff, Andreas Podbielski
BACKGROUND: Whipple's disease is a rare, often multisystemic chronic infectious disease caused by the rod-shaped bacterium Tropheryma whipplei. Very rarely the heart is involved in the process of the disease, leading to culture-negative infective endocarditis. Up to 20 % of all infective endocarditis are blood culture-negative and therefore a diagnostic challenge. We present two unusual cases of culture-negative infective endocarditis encountered in two different patients with prior history of arthralgia...
2015: BMC Infectious Diseases
Bankole H Oladeinde, Richard Omoregie, Oladapo B Oladeinde
BACKGROUND: A good proportion of pregnant women patronize traditional birth homes in Nigeria for ante-natal care. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, risk factors, and susceptibility profile of etiologic agents of urinary tract infection among ante-natal attendees in a traditional birth home in Benin City, Nigeria. METHODS: Clean-catch urine was collected from 220 pregnant women attending a traditional birth home in Benin City, Nigeria. Urine samples were processed, and microbial isolates identified using standard bacteriological procedures...
January 2015: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Mojtaba Bonyadian, Hamdallah Moshtaghi, Mariam Akhavan Taheri
The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of enterotoxigenic and enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strains and antibiotic resistance of the isolates in raw milk and unpasteurized cheese. Out of 200 samples of raw milk and 50 samples of unpasteurized cheeses, 96 and 24 strains of E. coli were isolated, respectively. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the genes encoding heat-stable enterotoxin a (STa), heat-stable enterotoxin b (STb), heat labile toxin (LT) and enteroaggregative heat-stable toxin1 (EAST1)...
2014: Veterinary Research Forum
Wioleta Chajęcka-Wierzchowska, Anna Zadernowska, Beata Nalepa, Magda Sierpińska, Łucja Łaniewska-Trokenheim
The aim of this work was to study the pheno- and genotypical antimicrobial resistance profile of coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) isolated from 146 ready-to-eat food of animal origin (cheeses, cured meats, sausages, smoked fishes). 58 strains were isolated, they were classified as Staphylococcus xylosus (n = 29), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 16); Staphylococcus lentus (n = 7); Staphylococcus saprophyticus (n = 4); Staphylococcus hyicus (n = 1) and Staphylococcus simulans (n = 1) by phenotypic and genotypic methods...
April 2015: Food Microbiology
Isak Demirel, Robert Kruse, Anna Önnberg, Katarina Persson
Inadequate and delayed antibiotic treatment of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates have been associated with increased mortality of affected patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the host response of human renal epithelial cells and polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PMN) cells when infected by ESBL-producing uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates in the presence or absence of ineffective antibiotics. The renal epithelial cell line A498 and PMN cells were stimulated with ESBL-producing UPEC isolates in the presence or absence of three different antibiotics (trimetoprim, ceftibuten and ciprofloxacin)...
January 2015: Microbial Pathogenesis
Mateusz Marek Polaczek, Jacek Zych, Karina Oniszh, Janusz Szopiński, Jacek Grudny, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is one of the infectious lung diseases diagnosed in HIV-infected patients. The pathogen responsible for the development of this opportunistic infection is an atypical fungus called Pneumocystis jiroveci. PCP remains the most common disorder diagnosed at the onset of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), especially in individuals not aware of their HIV infection. The most important risk factor of PCP development in HIV-infected person is the decrease of T CD4+ cell number below 200/mcL...
2014: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Harun Gulbudak, Gönül Aslan, Seda Tezcan, Gülden Ersoz, Mahmut Ulger, Feza Otag, Necdet Kuyucu, Gürol Emekdas
Acinetobacter spp. are opportunistic bacterial pathogens primarily associated with hospital-acquired infections and the spread of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter strains is a growing problem in terms of infection control. The aim of this study was to determine the clonal relationship between strains of nosocomial Acinetobacter baumannii by using rep-PCR method. A total of 75 Acinetobacter strains isolated from various clinical samples of the hospitalized patients between October 2011-May 2012 were included in the study...
April 2014: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Rafael Dos Santos Rocha, Lana Oliveira Leite, Oscarina Viana de Sousa, Regine Helena Silva Dos Fernandes Vieira
The contamination of seafood by bacteria of fecal origin, especially Escherichia coli, is a widely documented sanitary problem. The objective of the present study was to isolate E. coli strains from the gills, muscle, and body surface of farmed Nile tilapias (Oreochromis niloticus) fresh-marketed in supermarkets in Fortaleza (Ceará, Brazil), to determine their susceptibility to antibiotics of different families (amikacin, gentamicin, imipenem, cephalothin, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, aztreonam, ampicillin, nalidixic acid, tetracycline, and sulfametoxazol-trimetoprim), and to determine the nature of resistance by plasmid curing...
2014: Journal of Pathogens
V Cecinati, N Principi, L Brescia, S Esposito
Bacterial infections are common in children with cancer and can lead to life-threatening complications. Infections in these patients mainly occur during neutropenic periods, and may be caused by Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria. The patients at highest risk of serious infections include those with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and those undergoing myeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This is a review with the main aim of making a critical appraisal of the literature, and summarising what is currently known and can be recommended...
January 2014: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Takaaki Nemoto, Yukitaka Yamasaki, Keito Torikai, Osamu Ishii, Shigeki Fujitani, Takahide Matsuda
We report herein on a case with multiple MRSA prosthetic arthritis and osteomyelitis successfully treated medically. Our patient was a 64-year-old Japanese woman with a previous medical history of malignant rheumatoid arthritis and multiple surgical interventions with an atlantoaxial fixation in 2003, artificial joint replacement of both knee joints in 2006, and of the right hip joint in September, 2007. She was initially hospitalized due to MRSA arthritis in the right hip in October, 2007. Thereafter, multiple joint infections occurred sequentially in the right knee joint in January 2008 and the left hip joint in June 2008...
July 2012: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Biljana Obrenović-Kirćanski, Milos Velinović, Mile Vranes, Milorad Pavlović, Natasa Kovacević-Kostić, Radmila Karan, Biljana Parapid, Aleksandar Mikić, Arsen Ristić, Petar Seferović
INTRODUCTION: Endocarditis is the most common cardiovascular manifestation of brucellosis with high mortality rate. Brucella is less accesable to antibiotic (but not for all) and relapse can occur after a various period of clinical latency. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old farmer was diagnozed with acute systemic Brucella infection in May 2008 and treated with antibiotic therapy in regional hospital for two months and for three months after discharge. He began to feel myalgia, arthralgia, malaise, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and lost weight eight months after initial symptoms occured...
August 2012: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Cecilie H Isachsen, Oivind Vågnes, Ragnhild Aa Jakobsen, Ole B Samuelsen
A total of 30 isolates of Francisella noatunensis subsp. noatunensis isolated from Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. were tested for susceptibility, in the form of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values, against the following antibacterial agents: flumequine, oxolinic acid, ciprofloxacin, florfenicol, oxytetracycline, erythromycin, streptomycin sulphate, trimetoprim/sulphadiazine and rifampin. All the isolates had a low susceptibility to oxytetracycline, trimetoprim/sulphadiazine (Tribrissen®), erythromycin, ciprofloxacin and streptomycin with MIC values of 64, 64 to 128, 16, 8 and 32 to 128 µg ml-1, respectively...
February 17, 2012: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
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