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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752857/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-adults-at-three-urban-clinics-in-a-post-conflict-setting-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#1
Patrick D M C Katoto, Friedrich Thienemann, André N H Bulabula, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Aimé B Murhula, Pierre P M Lunjwire, Dieudonné M Bihehe, Jean B Nachega
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MS) in HIV-infected adults at three urban clinics in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: From July to September 2016, baseline socio-demographics, risk factors, and clinical characteristics were collected using a structured questionnaire or extracted from medical records. Fasting blood sugar and lipids were measured...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747608/prevalence-and-correlates-of-hiv-testing-among-adolescents-10-19-years-in-a-post-conflict-pastoralist-community-of-karamoja-region-uganda
#2
Rogers N Ssebunya, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Leticia Namale, Heather Lukolyo, Grace P Kisitu, Patricia Nahirya-Ntege, Adeodata Kekitiinwa
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are a priority group in HIV prevention and treatment. This study sought to determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV testing services (HTS) among adolescents in the pastoralist post-conflict area of Karamoja sub region, Uganda. METHODS: A cross sectional study of 1439 adolescents aged 10-19 years, attending nine public health facilities in five of the seven districts of Karamoja, was conducted between August to September 2016. Adolescents were consecutively selected and interviewed using structured interviewer administered questionnaires...
May 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724222/factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-experience-amongst-currently-married-women-in-afghanistan-and-health-impacts-of-ipv-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is exceedingly common in conflict and post-conflict settings. We first seek to describe factors associated with past 12 month IPV amongst currently married women in Afghanistan, focused on the factors typically assumed to drive IPV. Second, to describe whether IPV is independently associated with a range of health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of currently married Afghan women, comprising the baseline study of a trial to prevent IPV...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723701/ritualistic-child-sexual-abuse-in-post-conflict-eastern-drc-factors-associated-with-the-phenomenon-and-implications-for-social-work
#4
Amani Clovis Kasherwa, Janestic Mwende Twikirize
Ritualistic child sexual abuse (RCSA) is a critical and under-recognised form of child maltreatment prevailing in developing countries. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), children from specific communities suffer complex forms of RCSA perpetrated with extreme brutality by various individuals and groups of conspirators. Although the DRC has achieved significant milestones towards combatting war-related sexual abuse of women and children, disturbing forms of RCSA, notably child kidnapping, rape, child defilement for fetish and superstitious beliefs, child sexual exploitation, and cult-based child marriage persist and affect many victims...
April 30, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667736/commentary-advancing-an-implementation-science-agenda-on-mental-health-and-psychosocial-responses-in-war-affected-settings-comment-on-trials-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-affected-by-the-syrian-crisis-by-panter-brick-et-al-2018
#5
Theresa S Betancourt, Mina Fazel
Syria's civil conflict has created the largest humanitarian disaster of our time, causing massive population displacement, tremendous exposure to trauma, and loss. Advancing the mental health and psychosocial responses of war-affected populations both during acute humanitarian emergencies and in post-conflict transition is imperative in forging a constructive implementation agenda. This study makes an important contribution in building evidence toward effective interventions to advance the mental health and well-being of those affected by the Syrian crisis...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665079/calming-an-aggressor-through-spontaneous-post-conflict-triadic-contacts-appeasement-in-macaca-tonkeana
#6
Virginia Pallante, Roscoe Stanyon, Elisabetta Palagi
Peaceful third-party interventions usually occur after an aggressive encounter and can be directed toward the victim or the aggressor. Macaca tonkeana, a cercopithecine species characterized by high levels of tolerance, frequently engage in consolatory contacts, which both calm the victim and reduce the probability of further attacks against him/her. Other post-conflict affiliative interventions such as reconciliation and quadratic affiliation are also common in this species. However, little attention has been given to contacts directed toward the aggressor...
April 17, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559021/social-capital-and-mental-health-in-post-disaster-conflict-contexts-a-systematic-review
#7
Pia Noel, Cliodhna Cork, Ross G White
Social capital (SC) is highlighted as an important factor for post-crisis mental health outcomes. However, the heterogeneous nature of the construct makes it difficult to get a clear picture of the evidence concerning the association between SC indices and mental health. This review examines how SC is conceptualized and measured, and the relationships with other variables in quantitative empirical studies investigating the associations between SC and mental health in post-disaster and post-conflict contexts...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535478/punishment-attacks-in-post-ceasefire-northern-ireland-an-emergency-department-perspective
#8
Kevin McGarry, Duncan Redmill, Mark Edwards, Aoife Byrne, Aaron Brady, Mark Taylor
Northern Ireland (NI) has been in a post-conflict state for over twenty years. However, injuries sustained during paramilitary Punishment Attacks (PA) remain a common hospital presentation. The aim of this study was to compare the current province-wide frequency and cost with data collected from the same unit in 1994, the end of the so called, "Troubles". A ten month retrospective emergency chart analysis from all assault and gunshot wound (GSW) attendances to the Emergency Department, Royal Victoria Hospital Belfast (RVH) in 2012 was carried out...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532739/online-interviewing-with-interpreters-in-humanitarian-contexts
#9
Anna Chiumento, Laura Machin, Atif Rahman, Lucy Frith
PURPOSE: Recognising that one way to address the logistical and safety considerations of research conducted in humanitarian emergencies is to use internet communication technologies to facilitate interviews online, this article explores some practical and methodological considerations inherent to qualitative online interviewing. METHOD: Reflections from a case study of a multi-site research project conducted in post-conflict countries are presented.  Synchronous online cross-language qualitative interviews were conducted in one country...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527183/moral-judgments-of-in-group-and-out-group-harm-in-post-conflict-urban-and-rural-croatian-communities
#10
Michael A Moncrieff, Pierre Lienard
Our research brings to light features of the social world that impact moral judgments and how they do so. The moral vignette data presented were collected in rural and urban Croatian communities that were involved to varying degrees in the Croatian Homeland War. We argue that rapid shifts in moral accommodations during periods of violent social strife can be explained by considering the role that coordination and social agents' ability to reconfigure their social network (i.e., relational mobility) play in moral reasoning...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509587/cango-lyec-healing-the-elephant-gender-differences-in-hiv-infection-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#11
Patricia M Spittal, Samuel S Malamba, Martin D Ogwang, Seggane Musisi, J Paul Ekwaru, Nelson K Sewankambo, Margo E Pearce, Kate Jongbloed, Sheetal H Patel, Achilles Katamba, Alden H Blair, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter Obc
BACKGROUND: As previously encamped resettle, potential for rapid HIV transmission in post-conflict Northern Uganda is concerning. Women in particular may be experiencing heightened vulnerability resulting from war-related sexual violence. SETTING: Cango Lyec (Healing the Elephant) Project is a cohort involving conflict-affected people in three districts in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Eight randomly selected communities were mapped and a census was conducted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482762/mental-health-in-post-conflict-colombia
#12
Joe Parkin Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452365/indigenous-medicine-and-biomedical-health-care-in-fragile-settings-insights-from-burundi
#13
Jean-Benoît Falisse, Serena Masino, Raymond Ngenzebuhoro
This study contributes to the health policy debate on medical systems integration by describing and analysing the interactions between health-care users, indigenous healers, and the biomedical public health system, in the so far rarely documented case of post-conflict Burundi. We adopt a mixed-methods approach combining (1) data from an existing survey on access to health-care, with 6,690 individuals, and (2) original interviews and focus groups conducted in 2014 with 121 respondents, including indigenous healers, biomedical staff, and health-care users...
May 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415710/maternal-mental-health-priorities-help-seeking-behaviors-and-resources-in-post-conflict-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-eastern-uganda
#14
Wietse A Tol, BreeOna Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda. METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health specialists (n = 9)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401499/first-typology-of-cacao-theobroma-cacao-l-systems-in-colombian-amazonia-based-on-tree-species-richness-canopy-structure-and-light-availability
#15
Juan Carlos Suárez Salazar, Marie Ange Ngo Bieng, Luz Marina Melgarejo, Julio A Di Rienzo, Fernando Casanoves
AIM AND BACKGROUND: We present a typology of cacao agroforest systems in Colombian Amazonia. These systems had yet to be described in the literature, especially their potential in terms of biodiversity conservation. The systems studied are located in a post-conflict area, and a deforestation front in Colombian Amazonia. Cacao cropping systems are of key importance in Colombia: cacao plays a prime role in post conflict resolution, as cacao is a legal crop to replace illegal crops; cacao agroforests are expected to be a sustainable practice, promoting forest-friendly land use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375881/the-evolving-role-of-traditional-birth-attendants-in-maternal-health-in-post-conflict-africa-a-qualitative-study-of-burundi-and-northern-uganda
#16
Primus Che Chi, Henrik Urdal
Objectives: Many conflict-affected countries are faced with an acute shortage of health care providers, including skilled birth attendants. As such, during conflicts traditional birth attendants have become the first point of call for many pregnant women, assisting them during pregnancy, labour and birth, and in the postpartum period. This study seeks to explore how the role of traditional birth attendants in maternal health, especially childbirth, has evolved in two post-conflict settings in sub-Saharan Africa (Burundi and northern Uganda) spanning the period of active warfare to the post-conflict era...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357843/an-individually-randomized-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-of-the-women-for-women-international-programme-in-reducing-intimate-partner-violence-and-strengthening-livelihoods-amongst-women-in-afghanistan-trial-design-methods-and-baseline-findings
#17
Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Mohammed Shafiq, Frozan Marofi, Anna Mecagni, Carron Mann, Fazal Karim, Esnat Chirwa, Charlotte Maxwell-Jones, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common form of violence in conflict and post-conflict settings, but there are few evaluations of interventions to prevent IPV in such settings. METHODS: The Women for Women International (WfWI) intervention is a year-long combined economic and social empowerment intervention for marginalized women survivors of conflict. Primarily, it seeks to support women to achieve four key outcomes: women earn and save money; women improve their health and well-being; women influence decisions in their homes and communities; women connect to networks for support...
January 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#18
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338285/response-to-whether-the-definition-of-the-term-children-born-of-war-and-vulnerabilities-of-children-from-recent-conflict-and-post-conflict-settings-should-be-broadened
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327468/why-do-people-become-health-workers-analysis-from-life-histories-in-4-post-conflict-and-post-crisis-countries
#20
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Justine Namakula, Wilson Mashange, Yotamu Chirwa, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo
While there is a growing body of literature on how to attract and retain health workers once they are trained, there is much less published on what motivates people to train as health professions in the first place in low- and middle-income countries and what difference this makes to later retention. In this article, we examine patterns in expressed motivation to join the profession across different cadres, based on 103 life history interviews conducted in northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, and Zimbabwe...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
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