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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086910/identifying-youth-friendly-service-practices-associated-with-adolescents-use-of-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-post-conflict-burundi-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Imelda K Moise, Jaclyn F Verity, Joseph Kangmennaang
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about reproductive health service (RHS) availability and adolescents' use of these services in post-conflict settings. Such information is crucial for targeted community interventions that aim to improve quality delivery of RHS and outcomes in post-conflict settings. The objectives of this study therefore was to examine the density of RHS availability; assess spatial patterns of RHC facilities; and identify youth-friendly practices associated with adolescents' use of services in post-conflict Burundi...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052985/experiences-of-using-life-histories-with-health-workers-in-post-conflict-and-crisis-settings-methodological-reflections
#2
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Haja Wurie, Sally Theobald, Wilson Mashange, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Richard Mangwi, Tim Martineau
INTRODUCTION: Life history is a research tool which has been used primarily in sociology and anthropology to document experiences of marginalized individuals and communities. It has been less explored in relation to health system research. In this paper, we examine our experience of using life histories to explore health system trajectories coming out of conflict through the eyes of health workers. METHODS: Life histories were used in four inter-related projects looking at health worker incentives, the impact of Ebola on health workers, deployment policies, and gender and leadership in the health sector...
January 4, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049354/the-life-course-model-as-a-framework-for-post-conflict-health-analysis-reflections-on-the-gulf-war-critical-period
#3
Charles W Cange
In the Kuwait context, from January 1991 to December 1991, there were a series of chemical and psychological Gulf War-era exposures that left persistent, long-term damage. Extreme stress from a critical event speeds up the usual disease latency period, and may be part of a synergistic effect that leads to higher disease rates over a shorter period of time. I am interested in the impact of armed conflict on health outcomes over the life course in Kuwait, and particularly the pathways through which armed conflict causes changes in health on a population level...
January 3, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032532/the-missing-the-martyred-and-the-disappeared-global-networks-technical-intensification-and-the-end-of-human-rights-genetics
#4
Lindsay A Smith
In 1984, a group of Argentine students, trained by US academics, formed the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team to apply the latest scientific techniques to the excavation of mass graves and identification of the dead, and to work toward transitional justice. This inaugurated a new era in global forensic science, as groups of scientists in the Global South worked outside of and often against local governments to document war crimes in post-conflict settings. After 2001, however, with the inauguration of the war on terror following the September 11(th) attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, global forensic science was again remade through US and European investment to increase preparedness in the face of potential terrorist attacks...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003244/the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-exploring-the-factor-structure-and-cutoff-thresholds-in-a-representative-post-conflict-population-in-northern-uganda
#5
Alden Hooper Blair, Margo Ellen Pearce, Achilles Katamba, Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter, Patricia M Spittal
AIMS: Despite increased use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in sub-Saharan Africa, few studies have assessed its underlying conceptual framework, and none have done so in post-conflict settings. Further, significant inconsistencies exist between definitions used for problematic consumption. Such is the case in Uganda, facing one of the highest per-capita alcohol consumption levels regionally, which is thought to be hindering rebuilding in the North after two decades of civil war...
December 20, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994297/musculoskeletal-health-of-40-65-year-old-males-and-females-in-kosova-and-the-impact-of-n05b-a02b-ppi-h2ra-h02ab-and-lifestyle-factors-on-it
#6
Ermira Krasniqi, Mynyr Koni, Harald Tschan, Blerim Krasniqi, Antigona Kabashi, Arben Boshnjaku
BACKGROUND: This observational, cross-sectional study investigates the impact of medication usage, physical activity (PA) and nutritional status on musculoskeletal health (MSH) in males and females aged 40-65 in the population of a post conflict, developing country. METHODS: Bone Mineral Density (BMD), T-score and Z-score at distal forearm regions (measured by DEXA scan), together with isometric hand grip strength (dynamometer) were evaluated in a total of 162 subjects (53 Males, average age 55...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903869/within-group-behavioural-consequences-of-between-group-conflict-a-prospective-review
#7
REVIEW
Andrew N Radford, Bonaventura Majolo, Filippo Aureli
Conflict is rife in group-living species and exerts a powerful selective force. Group members face a variety of threats from extra-group conspecifics, from individuals looking for reproductive opportunities to rival groups seeking resources. Theory predicts that such between-group conflict should influence within-group behaviour. However, compared with the extensive literature on the consequences of within-group conflict, relatively little research has considered the behavioural impacts of between-group conflict...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871229/-the-cango-lyec-project-healing-the-elephant-hiv-related-vulnerabilities-of-post-conflict-affected-populations-aged-13-49-years-living-in-three-mid-northern-uganda-districts
#8
Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M Spittal, John P Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair, Martin T Schechter
BACKGROUND: The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996-2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening the social and economic fabric of the affected populations, internal displacement and death. Despite grave concerns that increased spread of HIV/AIDS may be devastating to post conflict Northern Uganda, empirical epidemiological data describing the legacy of the war on HIV infection are scarce...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#9
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842734/-mental-health-and-post-conflict
#10
EDITORIAL
Carlos Alberto Palacio Acosta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804900/resource-activation-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-co-morbid-symptoms-and-impaired-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-cambodia
#11
C Steinert, P J Bumke, R L Hollekamp, A Larisch, F Leichsenring, H Mattheß, S Sek, U Sodemann, M Stingl, T Ret, H Vojtová, W Wöller, J Kruse
BACKGROUND: Mental health morbidity in post-conflict settings is high. Nevertheless, randomized controlled trials of psychotherapy on site are rare. Our aim was to integrate rigorous research procedures into a humanitarian programme and test the efficacy of resource activation (ROTATE) in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), co-morbid symptoms and impaired functioning in Cambodia. METHOD: A total of 86 out-patients with PTSD were randomly assigned to five sessions of ROTATE (n = 53) or a 5-week waiting-list control (WLC) condition (n = 33)...
November 2, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768274/products-of-in-situ-corrosion-of-depleted-uranium-ammunition-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-soils
#12
Yuheng Wang, Konstantin von Gunten, Barbora Bartova, Nicolas Meisser, Markus Astner, Mario Burger, Rizlan Bernier-Latmani
Hundreds of tons of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition were used in previous armed conflicts in Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia/Kosovo. The majority (>90%) of DU penetrators miss their target and, if left in the environment, corrode in these postconflict zones. Thus, the best way to understand the fate of bulk DU material in the environment is to characterize the corrosion products of intact DU penetrators under field conditions for extended periods of time. However, such studies are scarce. To fill this knowledge gap, we characterized corrosion products formed from two intact DU penetrators that remained in soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina for over seven years...
November 15, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754779/women-war-and-reproductive-health-in-developing-countries
#13
Vijayan Pillai, Ya-Chien Wang, Arati Maleku
Globally, millions of people are affected by war and conflicts every year. However, women have increasingly suffered the greatest harm by war in more different ways than men. We conceptualize a reproductive rights approach toward examining the effects of war on women's reproductive health in developing countries. Given the rising concerns of exclusion to adequately address women's rights, sexual and gender-based violence, and post-conflict accountability, we specifically focus on the limitations of the Minimum Initial Service Package, a UN-sponsored reproductive health service program in conflict zones while offering a broad reproductive rights-based conceptual lens for examining reproductive health care services in war-torn areas...
January 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748005/post-conflict-slowing-effects-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-children
#14
John G Grundy, Aram Keyvani Chahi
Previous research has shown that bilingual children outperform their monolingual peers on a wide variety of tasks measuring executive functions (EF). However, recent failures to replicate this finding have cast doubt on the idea that the bilingual experience leads to domain-general cognitive benefits. The present study explored the role of disengagement of attention as an explanation for why some studies fail to produce this result. Eighty children (40 monolingual, 40 bilingual) who were 7 years old performed a task-switching experiment...
January 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744730/self-rated-health-disparities-among-disadvantaged-older-adults-in-ethnically-diverse-urban-neighborhoods-in-a-middle-eastern-country
#15
Abla Mehio Sibai, Anthony Rizk, Hiam Chemaitelly
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines differentials in self-rated health (SRH) among older adults (aged 60+ years) across three impoverished and ethnically diverse neighborhoods in post-conflict Lebanon and assesses whether variations are explained by social and economic factors. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the Older Adult Component (n = 740) of the Urban Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2003 in a formal community (Nabaa), an informal settlement (Hey El-Sellom), and a refugee camp for Palestinians (Burj El-Barajneh) in Beirut, Lebanon...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734749/peace-justice-and-disabled-women-s-advocacy-tamil-women-with-disabilities-in-rural-post-conflict-sri-lanka
#16
Niro Kandasamy, Karen Soldatic, Dinesha Samararatne
This article draws on grounded qualitative research with rural Tamil women who acquired a disability during the civil war in Sri Lanka and conceptualizes an intersectionality-peace framework. Three main themes were developed from the interviews: narratives of conflict, survival outcomes of social assistance and mobilization of cross-ethnic relationships. With the support of a local women's disability advocacy organization, Tamil women with disabilities were enabled to overcome social stigma and claim a positive identity as women with disabilities...
October 13, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682000/symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-severe-psychological-distress-explosive-anger-and-grief-amongst-partners-of-survivors-of-high-levels-of-trauma-in-post-conflict-timor-leste
#17
D M Silove, A K Tay, Z Steel, N Tam, Z Soares, C Soares, N Dos Reis, A Alves, S Rees
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mental health of partners of survivors of high levels of trauma in post-conflict countries. METHOD: We studied 677 spouse dyads (n = 1354) drawn from a community survey (response 82.4%) in post-conflict Timor-Leste. We used culturally adapted measures of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychological distress, explosive anger and grief. RESULTS: Latent class analysis identified three classes of couples: class 1, comprising women with higher trauma events (TEs), men with intermediate TEs (19%); class 2, including men with higher TEs, women with lower TEs (23%); and class 3, comprising couples in which men and women had lower TE exposure (58%) (the reference group)...
January 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643843/building-the-nation-s-body-the-contested-role-of-abortion-and-family-planning-in-post-war-south-sudan
#18
Jennifer J Palmer, Katerini T Storeng
This paper offers an ethnographic analysis of public health policies and interventions targeting unwanted pregnancy (family planning and abortion) in contemporary South Sudan as part of wider 'nation-building' after war, understood as a process of collective identity formation which projects a meaningful future by redefining existing institutions and customs as national characteristics. The paper shows how the expansion of post-conflict family planning and abortion policy and services are particularly poignant sites for the enactment of reproductive identity negotiation, policing and conflict...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642193/women-and-citizenship-post-trafficking-the-case-of-nepal
#19
Diane Richardson, Nina Laurie, Meena Poudel, Janet Townsend
This article analyses the relationship between gender, sexuality and citizenship embedded in models of citizenship in the Global South, specifically in South Asia, and the meanings associated with having - or not having - citizenship. It does this through an examination of women's access to citizenship in Nepal in the context of the construction of the emergent nation state in the 'new' Nepal 'post-conflict'. Our analysis explores gendered and sexualized constructions of citizenship in this context through a specific focus on women who have experienced trafficking, and are beginning to organize around rights to sustainable livelihoods and actively lobby for changes in citizenship rules which discriminate against women...
May 2016: Sociological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604708/charting-health-system-reconstruction-in-post-war-liberia-a-comparison-of-rural-vs-remote-healthcare-utilization
#20
Katherine Kentoffio, John D Kraemer, Thomas Griffiths, Avi Kenny, Rajesh Panjabi, G Andrew Sechler, Stephen Selinsky, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing global emphasis on universal healthcare, access to basic primary care for remote populations in post-conflict countries remains a challenge. To better understand health sector recovery in post-conflict Liberia, this paper seeks to evaluate changes in utilization of health services among rural populations across a 5-year time span. METHODS: We assessed trends in healthcare utilization among the national rural population using the Liberian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) from 2007 and 2013...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
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