keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post-conflict

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637228/application-of-social-network-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-organization-infrastructure-for-service-delivery-a-three-district-case-study-from-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#1
Freddie Ssengooba, Vincent Kawooya, Justine Namakula, Suzanne Fustukian
In post-conflict settings, service coverage indices are unlikely to be sustained if health systems are built on weak and unstable inter-organization networks-here referred to as infrastructure. The objective of this study was to assess the inter-organization infrastructure that supports the provision of selected health services in the reconstruction phase after conflict in northern Uganda. Applied social network analysis was used to establish the structure, size and function among organizations supporting the provision of (1) HIV treatment, (2) maternal delivery services and (3) workforce strengthening...
June 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610578/sub-national-assessment-of-aid-effectiveness-a-case-study-of-post-conflict-districts-in-uganda
#2
Freddie Ssengooba, Justine Namakula, Vincent Kawooya, Suzanne Fustukian
BACKGROUND: In post-conflict settings, many state and non-state actors interact at the sub-national levels in rebuilding health systems by providing funds, delivering vital interventions and building capacity of local governments to shoulder their roles. Aid relationships among actors at sub-national level represent a vital lever for health system development. This study was undertaken to assess the aid-effectiveness in post-conflict districts of northern Uganda. METHOD: This was a three district cross sectional study conducted from January to April 2013...
June 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608273/how-long-lasting-is-the-post-conflict-slowing-after-incongruent-trials-evidence-from-the-stroop-simon-and-flanker-tasks
#3
Alodie Rey-Mermet, Beat Meier
The purpose of the present study was to determine how long-lasting the post-conflict slowing following incongruent stimuli is. In previous research, incongruent stimuli have been used to induce a conflict because they have relevant features for two different response alternatives. So far, the post-conflict slowing following incongruent stimuli has mainly been assessed up to one trial. In the first two experiments, we assessed the persistence of the post-conflict slowing across several trials. To this end, we presented a few incongruent stimuli among non-conflict stimuli...
June 12, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606000/a-controlled-trial-of-trauma-focused-therapy-versus-problem-solving-in-islamic-children-affected-by-civil-conflict-and-disaster-in-aceh-indonesia
#4
Katie Dawson, Amy Joscelyne, Catherine Meijer, Zachary Steel, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative efficacies of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy and problem-solving therapy in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children affected by civil conflict in Aceh, Indonesia. METHOD: A controlled trial of children with post-traumatic stress disorder ( N = 64) randomized children to either five individual weekly sessions of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy or problem-solving therapy provided by lay-counselors who were provided with brief training...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605933/should-the-definition-of-the-term-children-born-of-war-and-vulnerabilities-of-children-from-recent-conflict-and-post-conflict-settings-be-broadened
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596801/tobacco-in-post-conflict-settings-the-case-of-iraq
#6
REVIEW
Zainab Hussain, Richard Sullivan
Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death in the world, claiming six million lives each year. Although smoking prevalence is decreasing in high-income countries, many low- and middle-income countries, particularly fragile and post-conflict nations such as Iraq, are still seeing prevalence rates rising. With the evidence of higher rates of nicotine dependence in conflict and post-conflict areas, the tobacco problem only becomes more difficult for Iraq, which finds itself involved in conflicts lasting years, if not decades...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586271/-before-the-war-we-had-it-all-family-planning-among-couples-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#7
Nicole Warren, Carmen Alvarez, Maphie Tosha Makambo, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Nancy Glass
There is little evidence about family planning knowledge, attitudes, and use among couples in post-conflict Democratic Republic of the Congo. We used qualitative descriptions to analyze data from 75 participants. Intimate partner violence (IPV) was common among participants. They were aware of family planning methods; however, IPV and fears of side effects were barriers to use. Although participants were concerned about the cost of large families, had positive attitudes toward family planning, and intended to use it, actual use was uncommon...
June 6, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558070/vocalizations-during-post-conflict-affiliations-from-victims-toward-aggressors-based-on-uncertainty-in-japanese-macaques
#8
Noriko Katsu, Kazunori Yamada, Masayuki Nakamichi
We investigated the use of vocalizations called "grunts," "girneys," and "coos" accompanied by post-conflict affiliative interaction between former opponents (reconciliation) in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Although reconciliation functions to repair bonds, such interactions sometimes entail risks of receiving further aggression. Vocalizations can be used at a distance from the former opponent; thus, we predict that vocalizations are used particularly by victims of a conflict, and are frequently used in situations of uncertainty when it is difficult for them to estimate whether the former opponent will resume aggression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543664/comparison-of-male-conflict-behavior-in-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-and-bonobos-pan-paniscus-with-specific-regard-to-coalition-and-post-conflict-behavior
#9
Martin Surbeck, Christophe Boesch, Cédric Girard-Buttoz, Catherine Crockford, Gottfried Hohmann, Roman M Wittig
Coalitions among males during within group conflicts have a strong influence on the competitive and social environment within social groups. To evaluate possible variation in the occurrence of such coalitions in our closest relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos, we compared male aggression and coalitionary behavior in two natural communities, one of each species, with a similar size and composition. Furthermore we compared affiliative behavior that might be related to coalition formation among males. We found higher frequencies of aggression and a greater likelihood to form coalitions during within-group conflicts among wild male chimpanzees at Taï compared to wild male bonobos at LuiKotale...
June 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532449/the-factor-structures-and-correlates-of-ptsd-in-post-conflict-timor-leste-an-analysis-of-the-harvard-trauma-questionnaire
#10
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia Soares, Jessica Baker, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there have been longstanding concerns about the universality of PTSD as a diagnostic category when applied across cultures. One approach to examining this question is to assess whether the same factor structure can be identified in culturally diverse populations as has been described in populations of western societies...
May 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493271/alcohol-and-substance-use-in-humanitarian-and-postconflict-situations
#11
REVIEW
Fahmy B Hanna
A wide range of substance use problems are prevalent in a variety of humanitarian settings. The Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) guidelines on mental health and psychosocial support during emergencies highlights that during humanitarian and post conflict situations, substance use is associated with problems including gender-based violence, organized crime and the serious neglect of children. Although substance use is a public health issue in humanitarian settings it has always been a neglected area of public health with very limited information available in both published and grey literature on this matter...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479896/prevalence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-and-hiv-aids-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#12
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Ashraf Kagee, Peter Wandiembe, Stephen Kiwuwa Mpugu, Davy Vancampfort, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Research on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, and cormorbid psychiatric disorders in post-conflict areas is still limited. AIM: We explored the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, associated psychiatric disorders and HIV/AIDS in post-conflict Northern Uganda, an area that experienced civil strife for over two decades. METHODS: A total of 2400 respondents (aged 18 and above) and randomly selected in three districts (Gulu, Amuru and Nwoya), were interviewed...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460286/transgenerational-trauma-in-a-post-conflict-setting-effects-on-offspring-ptss-ptsd-and-offspring-vulnerability-in-cambodian-families
#13
Sebastian Burchert, Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud
We assessed transgenerational effects of maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma-related symptoms in Cambodian offspring born after the genocidal Khmer Rouge Regime. We conducted a randomized cross-sectional study. N=378 mothers from 4 provinces of the country and one of each of their grown-up children were interviewed. Lifetime traumatic exposure was determined using a context-adapted event list. Present posttraumatic stress symptoms and a potential posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the civilian version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist...
April 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443367/preventing-risky-behaviours-among-young-adolescents-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-study
#14
Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Arsene Kajabika Binkurhorhwa, Clovis Murhula Mitima, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Bufole Mwinja, Jean Heri Banyewesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
This qualitative study explores and describes adolescent risk behaviours, specifically consumption of alcohol and use of violence; the perceived consequences of these behaviours on future well-being and relationships; and collaboratively identifies the essential components of a prevention intervention for risk behaviours (alcohol use, violence) among young adolescents while strengthening the protective individual and relationship factors in post-conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. One-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 male and female youth, 20 parents/guardians and 20 stakeholders in three rural villages of South Kivu Province...
April 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430793/identifying-a-combined-construct-of-grief-and-explosive-anger-as-a-response-to-injustice-amongst-survivors-of-mass-conflict-a-latent-class-analysis-of-data-from-timor-leste
#15
Susan J Rees, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Elisa Savio, Zelia Maria Da Costa, Derrick Silove
Previous studies have identified high rates of explosive anger amongst post-conflict populations including Timor-Leste. We sought to test whether explosive anger was integrally associated with symptoms of grief amongst the Timorese, a society that has experienced extensive conflict-related losses. In 2010 and 2011 we recruited adults (n = 2964), 18-years and older, living in an urban and a rural village in Timor-Leste. We applied latent class analysis to identify subpopulations based on symptoms of explosive anger and grief...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395154/meta-analysis-of-depleted-uranium-levels-in-the-balkan-region
#16
Larisa Besic, Imer Muhovic, Adna Asic, Amina Kurtovic-Kozaric
In recent years, contradicting data has been published on the connection between the presence of depleted uranium and an increased cancer incidence among military personnel deployed in the Balkans during the 1992-1999 wars. This has led to numerous research articles investigating possible depleted uranium contamination of the afflicted regions of the Balkan Peninsula, namely Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro. The aim of this study was to collect data from previously published reports investigating the levels of depleted uranium in the Balkans and to present the data in the form of a meta-analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381994/losing-without-fighting-simple-aversive-stimulation-induces-submissiveness-typical-for-social-defeat-via-the-action-of-nitric-oxide-but-only-when-preceded-by-an-aggression-priming-stimulus
#17
Jan Rillich, Paul A Stevenson
Losing a fight (social defeat) induces submissiveness and behavioral depression in many animals, but the mechanisms are unclear. Here we investigate how the social defeat syndrome can be established as a result of experiencing aversive stimuli and the roles of neuromodulators in the process. While biogenic amines and nitric oxide (NO) are associated with reduced aggression in mammals and insects, their specific actions during conflict are unknown. Although the social defeat syndrome normally results from complex interactions, we could induce it in male crickets simply by applying aversive stimuli (AS) in an aggressive context...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376108/disclosure-bias-for-group-versus-individual-reporting-of-violence-amongst-conflict-affected-adolescent-girls-in-drc-and-ethiopia
#18
Lindsay Stark, Marni Sommer, Kathryn Davis, Khudejha Asghar, Asham Assazenew Baysa, Gizman Abdela, Sophie Tanner, Kathryn Falb
Methodologies to measure gender-based violence (GBV) have received inadequate attention, especially in humanitarian contexts where vulnerabilities to violence are exacerbated. This paper compares the results from individual audio computer-assisted self-administered (ACASI) survey interviews with results from participatory social mapping activities, employed with the same sample in two different post-conflict contexts. Eighty-seven internally displaced adolescent girls from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and 78 Sudanese girls living in Ethiopian refugee camps were interviewed using the two methodologies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335830/international-non-governmental-organizations-provision-of-community-based-tuberculosis-care-for-hard-to-reach-populations-in-myanmar-2013-2014
#19
Kyaw Thu Soe, Saw Saw, Johan van Griensven, Shuisen Zhou, Le Win, Palanivel Chinnakali, Safieh Shah, Myo Myo Mon, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: National tuberculosis (TB) programs increasingly engage with international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), especially to provide TB care in complex settings where community involvement might be required. In Myanmar, however, there is limited data on how such INGO community-based programs are organized and how effective they are. In this study, we describe four INGO strategies for providing community-based TB care to hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, and assess their contribution to TB case detection...
March 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290921/utilizing-distance-learning-to-incorporate-global-mental-health-capacity-into-humanitarian-and-post-conflict-missions
#20
Lyndsay S Baines, Bradley Boetig, Stephen Waller, Rahul M Jindal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Military Medicine
keyword
keyword
111917
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"