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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532449/the-factor-structures-and-correlates-of-ptsd-in-post-conflict-timor-leste-an-analysis-of-the-harvard-trauma-questionnaire
#1
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia Soares, Jessica Baker, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there have been longstanding concerns about the universality of PTSD as a diagnostic category when applied across cultures. One approach to examining this question is to assess whether the same factor structure can be identified in culturally diverse populations as has been described in populations of western societies...
May 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493271/alcohol-and-substance-use-in-humanitarian-and-postconflict-situations
#2
REVIEW
Fahmy B Hanna
A wide range of substance use problems are prevalent in a variety of humanitarian settings. The Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) guidelines on mental health and psychosocial support during emergencies highlights that during humanitarian and post conflict situations, substance use is associated with problems including gender-based violence, organized crime and the serious neglect of children. Although substance use is a public health issue in humanitarian settings it has always been a neglected area of public health with very limited information available in both published and grey literature on this matter...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479896/prevalence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-and-hiv-aids-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#3
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Ashraf Kagee, Peter Wandiembe, Stephen Kiwuwa Mpugu, Davy Vancampfort, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Research on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, and cormorbid psychiatric disorders in post-conflict areas is still limited. AIM: We explored the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, associated psychiatric disorders and HIV/AIDS in post-conflict Northern Uganda, an area that experienced civil strife for over two decades. METHODS: A total of 2400 respondents (aged 18 and above) and randomly selected in three districts (Gulu, Amuru and Nwoya), were interviewed...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460286/transgenerational-trauma-in-a-post-conflict-setting-effects-on-offspring-ptss-ptsd-and-offspring-vulnerability-in-cambodian-families
#4
Sebastian Burchert, Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud
We assessed transgenerational effects of maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma-related symptoms in Cambodian offspring born after the genocidal Khmer Rouge Regime. We conducted a randomized cross-sectional study. N=378 mothers from 4 provinces of the country and one of each of their grown-up children were interviewed. Lifetime traumatic exposure was determined using a context-adapted event list. Present posttraumatic stress symptoms and a potential posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the civilian version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist...
April 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443367/preventing-risky-behaviours-among-young-adolescents-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-study
#5
Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Arsene Kajabika Binkurhorhwa, Clovis Murhula Mitima, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Bufole Mwinja, Jean Heri Banyewesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
This qualitative study explores and describes adolescent risk behaviours, specifically consumption of alcohol and use of violence; the perceived consequences of these behaviours on future well-being and relationships; and collaboratively identifies the essential components of a prevention intervention for risk behaviours (alcohol use, violence) among young adolescents while strengthening the protective individual and relationship factors in post-conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. One-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 male and female youth, 20 parents/guardians and 20 stakeholders in three rural villages of South Kivu Province...
April 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430793/identifying-a-combined-construct-of-grief-and-explosive-anger-as-a-response-to-injustice-amongst-survivors-of-mass-conflict-a-latent-class-analysis-of-data-from-timor-leste
#6
Susan J Rees, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Elisa Savio, Zelia Maria Da Costa, Derrick Silove
Previous studies have identified high rates of explosive anger amongst post-conflict populations including Timor-Leste. We sought to test whether explosive anger was integrally associated with symptoms of grief amongst the Timorese, a society that has experienced extensive conflict-related losses. In 2010 and 2011 we recruited adults (n = 2964), 18-years and older, living in an urban and a rural village in Timor-Leste. We applied latent class analysis to identify subpopulations based on symptoms of explosive anger and grief...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395154/meta-analysis-of-depleted-uranium-levels-in-the-balkan-region
#7
Larisa Besic, Imer Muhovic, Adna Asic, Amina Kurtovic-Kozaric
In recent years, contradicting data has been published on the connection between the presence of depleted uranium and an increased cancer incidence among military personnel deployed in the Balkans during the 1992-1999 wars. This has led to numerous research articles investigating possible depleted uranium contamination of the afflicted regions of the Balkan Peninsula, namely Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro. The aim of this study was to collect data from previously published reports investigating the levels of depleted uranium in the Balkans and to present the data in the form of a meta-analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381994/losing-without-fighting-simple-aversive-stimulation-induces-submissiveness-typical-for-social-defeat-via-the-action-of-nitric-oxide-but-only-when-preceded-by-an-aggression-priming-stimulus
#8
Jan Rillich, Paul A Stevenson
Losing a fight (social defeat) induces submissiveness and behavioral depression in many animals, but the mechanisms are unclear. Here we investigate how the social defeat syndrome can be established as a result of experiencing aversive stimuli and the roles of neuromodulators in the process. While biogenic amines and nitric oxide (NO) are associated with reduced aggression in mammals and insects, their specific actions during conflict are unknown. Although the social defeat syndrome normally results from complex interactions, we could induce it in male crickets simply by applying aversive stimuli (AS) in an aggressive context...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376108/disclosure-bias-for-group-versus-individual-reporting-of-violence-amongst-conflict-affected-adolescent-girls-in-drc-and-ethiopia
#9
Lindsay Stark, Marni Sommer, Kathryn Davis, Khudejha Asghar, Asham Assazenew Baysa, Gizman Abdela, Sophie Tanner, Kathryn Falb
Methodologies to measure gender-based violence (GBV) have received inadequate attention, especially in humanitarian contexts where vulnerabilities to violence are exacerbated. This paper compares the results from individual audio computer-assisted self-administered (ACASI) survey interviews with results from participatory social mapping activities, employed with the same sample in two different post-conflict contexts. Eighty-seven internally displaced adolescent girls from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and 78 Sudanese girls living in Ethiopian refugee camps were interviewed using the two methodologies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335830/international-non-governmental-organizations-provision-of-community-based-tuberculosis-care-for-hard-to-reach-populations-in-myanmar-2013-2014
#10
Kyaw Thu Soe, Saw Saw, Johan van Griensven, Shuisen Zhou, Le Win, Palanivel Chinnakali, Safieh Shah, Myo Myo Mon, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: National tuberculosis (TB) programs increasingly engage with international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), especially to provide TB care in complex settings where community involvement might be required. In Myanmar, however, there is limited data on how such INGO community-based programs are organized and how effective they are. In this study, we describe four INGO strategies for providing community-based TB care to hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, and assess their contribution to TB case detection...
March 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290921/utilizing-distance-learning-to-incorporate-global-mental-health-capacity-into-humanitarian-and-post-conflict-missions
#11
Lyndsay S Baines, Bradley Boetig, Stephen Waller, Rahul M Jindal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277715/predicting-domestic-and-community-violence-by-soldiers-living-in-a-conflict-region
#12
Corina Nandi, Thomas Elbert, Manassé Bambonye, Roland Weierstall, Manfred Reichert, Anja Zeller, Anselm Crombach
OBJECTIVE: Past research revealed war trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as potential predictors for domestic and community violence in crisis regions and among soldiers in different armed conflicts. The impact of family violence and other adversities experienced in childhood as well as of a combat-enhanced appeal for aggressive behavior (appetitive aggression) remains to be specified. METHOD: In the present study, the authors separately predicted violence against children, intimate partner violence and community violence in 381 Burundian soldiers returning from foreign deployment and living in a post- conflict region...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254549/assessing-the-factorial-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-ptsd-by-gender-and-ethnic-groups-in-sri-lanka-an-analysis-of-the-modified-harvard-trauma-questionnaire-htq
#13
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya, Derrick Silove
The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) remains the most widely used screening measure for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the refugee and post-conflict field. The present study is the first to test the factorial structure and measurement invariance of the HTQ according to DSM-5 criteria across gender and ethnic groups in the ethnically diverse society of post-conflict Sri Lanka. The survey sample included 5136 participants (86% response rate) followed up 12 months after a baseline nationally representative survey undertaken in Sri Lanka in 2014...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224136/challenges-to-development-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-program-development-in-post-conflict-liberia-presentation-prepared-for-african-first-ladies-conference-10th-scca-conference-addis-ababa-ethiopia-2016
#14
Ann Marie Beddoe
•Integrating cancer care in post-conflict settings.•Building health worker and infrastructure for cancer care in low resource setting.•Foreword by Her Excellency President Sirleaf, Republic of Liberia.
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209554/when-war-is-better-than-peace-the-post-conflict-realities-of-children-born-of-wartime-rape-in-northern-uganda
#15
Myriam Denov, Atim Angela Lakor
This paper examines the realities and perspectives of a sample of 60 children born of wartime rape within the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), and currently living in northern Uganda. These children were born to mothers who were abducted by the LRA, held captive for extended periods of time, repeatedly raped and impregnated. The paper explores the multiple challenges that these children face in the post-war period including, rejection, stigma, violence, socio-economic marginalization, and issues of identity and belonging...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170410/disclosure-of-hiv-status-and-its-impact-on-the-loss-in-the-follow-up-of-hiv-infected-patients-on-potent-anti-retroviral-therapy-programs-in-a-post-conflict-setting-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-goma-democratic-republic-of-congo
#16
Pierre Zalagile Akilimali, Patou Masika Musumari, Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Patrick Kalambayi Kayembe, François B Lepira, Paulin Beya Mutombo, Thorkild Tylleskar, Mapatano Mala Ali
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to identify the impact of non-disclosure of HIV status on the loss to follow-up (LTFU) of patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy. METHODOLOGY: A historic cohort of HIV patients from 2 major hospitals in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo was followed from 2004 to 2012. LTFU was defined as not taking an ART refill for a period of 3 months or longer since the last attendance, and had not yet been classified as 'dead' or 'transferred-out'...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163770/a-qualitative-analysis-of-parental-loss-and-family-separation-among-youth-in-post-conflict-liberia
#17
Elizabeth J Levey, Claire E Oppenheim, Brittany C L Lange, Naomi S Plasky, Benjamin L Harris, G Gondah Lekpeh, Isaac Kekulah, David C Henderson, Christina P C Borba
Between 1989 and 2003, the Republic of Liberia experienced a brutal civil war. In 2008, the population was approximately 3.5 million people, and there were an estimated 340,000 orphans. Nearly 6000 more children were orphaned by the Ebola epidemic from 2014-2015. The goal of this research was to explore the impact of parental loss, identify moderating factors, and consider interventions that could help vulnerable youth in post-conflict societies following the loss of a parent. Seventy-five young people (age 13-18 years) in Monrovia, the capital city of Liberia, were recruited in 2012...
January 2, 2017: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135636/phasic-valence-and-arousal-do-not-influence-post-conflict-adjustments-in-the-simon-task
#18
David Dignath, Markus Janczyk, Andreas B Eder
According to theoretical accounts of cognitive control, conflict between competing responses is monitored and triggers post conflict behavioural adjustments. Some models proposed that conflict is detected as an affective signal. While the conflict monitoring theory assumed that conflict is registered as a negative valence signal, the adaptation by binding model hypothesized that conflict provides a high arousal signal. The present research induced phasic affect in a Simon task with presentations of pleasant and unpleasant pictures that were high or low in arousal...
March 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095917/social-and-traditional-practices-and-their-implications-for-family-planning-a-participatory-ethnographic-study-in-renk-south-sudan
#19
Khalifa Elmusharaf, Elaine Byrne, Diarmuid O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: Understanding what determines family size is crucial for programmes that aim to provide family planning services during and after conflicts. Recent research found that development agents in post conflict settings do not necessarily take time to understand the context adequately, translate their context understanding into programming, or adjust programming in the light of changes. South Sudan, a country that has been suffering from war for almost 50 years, has one of the highest maternal death rates and the lowest contraceptive utilization rates in the world...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086910/identifying-youth-friendly-service-practices-associated-with-adolescents-use-of-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-post-conflict-burundi-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Imelda K Moise, Jaclyn F Verity, Joseph Kangmennaang
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about reproductive health service (RHS) availability and adolescents' use of these services in post-conflict settings. Such information is crucial for targeted community interventions that aim to improve quality delivery of RHS and outcomes in post-conflict settings. The objectives of this study therefore was to examine the density of RHS availability; assess spatial patterns of RHC facilities; and identify youth-friendly practices associated with adolescents' use of services in post-conflict Burundi...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
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