Read by QxMD icon Read

congenital erythropoietic porphyria

Sandeep Arora, Arun Kumar Harith, Neha Sodhi
Hereditary porphyrias are a group of metabolic disorders of heme biosynthesis pathway that are characterized by acute neurovisceral symptoms, skin lesions, or both. Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is an extremely rare disease with a mutation in the gene that codes for uroporphyrinogen III synthase leading to accumulation of porphyrin in different tissues and marked cutaneous photosensitivity. We report a case of CEP with infancy onset blistering, photosensitivity, red colored urine, and teeth along with scarring...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Anne L Christiansen, Lise Aagaard, Aleksander Krag, Lars M Rasmussen, Anette Bygum
Porphyrias are rare diseases caused by altered haem synthesis leading to the accumulation of different haem intermediates. Neurovisceral attacks may occur in acute porphyrias, while photosensitivity is the presenting symptom in cutaneous porphyrias. We present here an overview of symptoms and a flowchart for the diagnosis of cutaneous porphyrias, with recommendations for monitoring and an update of treatment options. From the Danish Porphyria Register, we present the incidences and approximate prevalences of cutaneous porphyrias within the last 25 years...
May 3, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
P Aguilera, C Badenas, S D Whatley, J To-Figueras
Deficiency of uroporphyrinogen III synthase (UROS), causes congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP). The disease, originating from the inheritance of mutations within the UROS gene, presents a recessive form of transmission. In a few patients, a late-onset CEP-like phenotype without UROS mutations appeared associated with a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We report a 60-year old man with late-onset signs of cutaneous porphyria and accumulation in urine, plasma and faeces of type I porphyrin isomers characteristic of CEP...
April 18, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Elena Di Pierro, Valentina Brancaleoni, Francesca Granata
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is a rare genetic disease resulting from the remarkable deficient activity of uroporphyrinogen III synthase, the fourth enzyme of the haem biosynthetic pathway. This enzyme defect results in overproduction of the non-physiological and pathogenic porphyrin isomers, uroporphyrin I and coproporphyrin I. The predominant clinical characteristics of CEP include bullous cutaneous photosensitivity to visible light from early infancy, progressive photomutilation and chronic haemolytic anaemia...
May 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Mishra Debjani, Mukhopadhyay Somnath
A 27-year-old male patient was presented with foreign body sensation in both the eyes for 2 years duration and blisters followed by scarring and pigmentation in the photo-exposed areas of the body over the previous 12 years. His urine was reddish colored for the previous year. On examination, there was scarring, hyper-pigmentation of photo-exposed parts of the body along with resorption of the distal phalanges of fingers in both hands except the smallest digit which had onycholysis. Ocular examination indicated scleral necrosis in the interpalpebral areas in both eyes and bilateral dry eye...
January 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Shweta Agarwal, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Geetha Iyer
A 28-year-old presented with complaints of severe pain and redness in the left eye since 2 weeks. He had similar complaints in the right eye 2 years back for which he had undergone a scleral patch graft. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes. The right had a well vascularized scleral graft and rest of the anterior segment was normal. The left eye had inferior conjunctival congestion with an area of the scleral melt with uveal show just temporal to the limbus in the interpalbebral area. The cornea was clear and anterior chamber was quiet in the left eye...
September 2015: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
C Wenner, N J Neumann, J Frank
BACKGROUND: Congenital erythropoetic porphria is a very rare type of autosomal recessive nonacute porphyria. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the uroporphyrinogen III consynthase gene cause a marked enzymatic deficiency of uroporphyrinogen III consynthase, the fourth enzyme along the heme biosynthetic pathway. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Clinically, affected patients are characterized by a moderate to severe photosensitivity. Starting early in infancy, they develop blisters, erosions, and exulcerations in sun-exposed areas of the body, often resulting in scar formation and mutilation...
March 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Ujjwal K Chowdhury, Kartik Patel, Sandeep Seth, Ruma Ray, Priya Jagia, Manoj Sahu
An 18-year-old boy with congenital erythropoietic porphyria and calcific constrictive pericarditis underwent total pericardiectomy. The cause of pericardial calcification could be deposition of porphyrins in the pericardium. Surgical importance of this rare condition is highlighted.
October 2015: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Vaithamanithi-Mudumbai Sadagopa Ramanujam, Karl Elmo Anderson
Porphyria diseases are a group of metabolic disorders caused by abnormal functioning of heme biosynthesis enzymes and characterized by excessive accumulation and excretion of porphyrins and their precursors. Precisely which of these chemicals builds up depends on the type of porphyria. Porphyria is not a single disease but a group of nine disorders: acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), hereditary coproporphyria (HCP), variegate porphyria (VP), δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase deficiency porphyria (ADP), porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), hepatoerythropoietic porphyria (HEP), congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP), erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), and X-linked protoporphyria (XLP)...
2015: Current Protocols in Human Genetics
Daniel N Egan, Zhantao Yang, John Phillips, Janis L Abkowitz
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is an autosomal recessive disorder of heme synthesis characterized by reduced activity of uroporphyrinogen III synthase and the accumulation of nonphysiologic isomer I porphyrin metabolites, resulting in ineffective erythropoiesis and devastating skin photosensitivity. Management of the disease primarily consists of supportive measures. Increased activity of 5-aminolevulinate synthase 2 (ALAS2) has been shown to adversely modify the disease phenotype. Herein, we present a patient with CEP who demonstrated a remarkable improvement in disease manifestations in the setting of iron deficiency...
July 9, 2015: Blood
Siddesh Besur, Wehong Hou, Paul Schmeltzer, Herbert L Bonkovsky
Heme, like chlorophyll, is a primordial molecule and is one of the fundamental pigments of life. Disorders of normal heme synthesis may cause human diseases, including certain anemias (X-linked sideroblastic anemias) and porphyrias. Porphyrias are classified as hepatic and erythropoietic porphyrias based on the organ system in which heme precursors (5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), porphobilinogen and porphyrins) are chiefly overproduced. The hepatic porphyrias are further subdivided into acute porphyrias and chronic hepatic porphyrias...
2014: Metabolites
Elena Di Pierro, Roberta Russo, Zeynep Karakas, Valentina Brancaleoni, Antonella Gambale, Ismail Kurt, S Stuart Winter, Francesca Granata, David Rodriguez Czuchlewski, Concetta Langella, Achille Iolascon, Maria Domenica Cappellini
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is a rare genetic disease that is characterized by a severe cutaneous photosensitivity causing unrecoverable deformities, chronic hemolytic anemia requiring blood transfusion program, and by fatal systemic complications. A correct and early diagnosis is required to develop a management plan that is appropriate to the patient's needs. Recently only one case of X-linked CEP had been reported, describing the trans-acting GATA1-R216W mutation. Here, we have characterized two novel X-linked CEP patients, both with misleading hematological phenotypes that include dyserythropoietic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin...
June 2015: European Journal of Haematology
Fredj ben Bdira, Esperanza González, Paula Pluta, Ana Laín, Arantza Sanz-Parra, Juan Manuel Falcon-Perez, Oscar Millet
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) results from a deficiency in uroporphyrinogen III synthase enzyme (UROIIIS) activity that ultimately stems from deleterious mutations in the uroS gene. C73 is a hotspot for these mutations and a C73R substitution, which drastically reduces the enzyme activity and stability, is found in almost one-third of all reported CEP cases. Here, we have studied the structural basis, by which mutations in this hotspot lead to UROIIIS destabilization. First, a strong interdependency is observed between the volume of the side chain at position 73 and the folded protein...
November 1, 2014: Human Molecular Genetics
Ashwani K Singal, Charles Parker, Christine Bowden, Manish Thapar, Lawrence Liu, Brendan M McGuire
UNLABELLED: Porphyrias are a group of eight metabolic disorders, each resulting from a mutation that affects an enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway. Porphyrias are classified as hepatic or erythropoietic, depending upon the site where the gene defect is predominantly expressed. Clinical phenotypes are classified as follows: (1) acute porphyrias with neurovisceral symptoms: acute intermittent porphyria; delta amino-levulinic acid hydratase deficiency porphyria; hereditary coproporphyria; and variegate porphyria and (2) cutaneous porphyrias with skin blistering and photosensitivity: porphyria cutanea tarda; congenital erythropoietic porphyria; hepatoerythropoietic porphyria and both erythropoietic protoporphyrias: autosomal dominant and X-linked...
September 2014: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
G Blasco Morente, C Martínez Peinado, E Martínez García, J Tercedor Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, Jose S Garcia-Morillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Sonia Clavero, Yuri Ahuja, David F Bishop, Brittany Kwait, Mark E Haskins, Urs Giger, Robert J Desnick
Erythrodontia is the hallmark of human congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP), but is also a major phenotypic feature of acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) in cats. In this study, detailed biochemical and molecular analyses were performed on two unrelated cats with autosomal dominant AIP that presented with erythrodontia, yellow-brown urine and mild changes in erythrocytes. The cats had elevated concentrations of urinary 5-aminolevulinic acid and porphobilinogen, and half normal erythrocytic hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS) activity...
December 2013: Veterinary Journal
Maşallah Baran, Kayı Eliaçık, Ismail Kurt, Ali Kanık, Neslihan Zengin, Ali Rahmi Bakiler
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of porphyrin metabolism in which the genetic defect is the deficiency of uroporphyrinogen III cosynthase (UIIIC). Deficiency of this enzyme results in an accumulation of high amounts of uroporphyrin I in all tissues, leading to hemolytic anemia, splenomegaly, erythrodontia, bone fragility, exquisite photosensitivity, and mutilating skin lesions. We discuss a female infantile case who was admitted for jaundice; bullous lesions appeared on her trunk during phototherapy in the neonatal period...
March 2013: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Jean-Marc Blouin, Yann Duchartre, Pierre Costet, Magalie Lalanne, Cécile Ged, Ana Lain, Oscar Millet, Hubert de Verneuil, Emmanuel Richard
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by uroporphyrinogen III synthase (UROS) deficiency resulting in massive porphyrin accumulation in blood cells, which is responsible for hemolytic anemia and skin photosensitivity. Among the missense mutations actually described up to now in CEP patients, the C73R and the P248Q mutations lead to a profound UROS deficiency and are usually associated with a severe clinical phenotype. We previously demonstrated that the UROS(C73R) mutant protein conserves intrinsic enzymatic activity but triggers premature degradation in cellular systems that could be prevented by proteasome inhibitors...
November 5, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Arun K De, Kallol Das, Archan Sil, Swarnali Joardar
Porphyrias are group of disorders caused by deficiency of the enzymes in heme synthetic pathway. Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is an extremely rare disease with mutation in the gene that codes for uroporphyrinogen III synthase leading to accumulation of porphyrin in different tissues and marked cutaneous photosensitivity. Here, we describe a case of CEP with infancy onset blistering, photosensitivity, red colored urine and teeth along with scarring but without any feature of hemolysis.
September 2013: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"