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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814379/are-routine-radiographs-needed-the-day-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-surgery-for-distal-radius-and-ankle-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Florian Oehme, Annika Rühle, Julia Mühlhäusser, Lana Fourie, Björn-Christian Link, Reto Babst, Frank Jp Beeres
BACKGROUND: Distal radius and ankle fractures are one of the most common operatively treated fractures. To date, there is no consensus concerning the need for a standard postoperative radiograph. This leads to undesirable practice variations. A standardized radiograph in the department of radiology would theoretically be more reproducible and operator independent than an intraoperatively obtained fluoroscopic image. However, if adequate intraoperative radiographs have been obtained, it is questionable if these postoperative radiographs are necessary and will lead to changes in the treatment strategy...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800093/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-summary-of-the-2016-agency-of-healthcare-research-and-quality-evidence-review
#2
REVIEW
Ethan M Balk, Alice H Lichtenstein
We summarize the 2016 update of the 2004 Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality's evidence review of omega-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The overall findings for the effects of marine oil supplements on intermediate CVD outcomes remain largely unchanged. There is high strength of evidence, based on numerous trials, of no significant effects of marine oils on systolic or diastolic blood pressures, but there are small, yet statistically significant increases in high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772047/kyoto-congestive-heart-failure-kchf-study-rationale-and-design
#3
Erika Yamamoto, Takao Kato, Neiko Ozasa, Hidenori Yaku, Yasutaka Inuzuka, Yodo Tamaki, Takeshi Kitai, Takeshi Morimoto, Ryoji Taniguchi, Moritake Iguchi, Masashi Kato, Mamoru Takahashi, Toshikazu Jinnai, Tomoyuki Ikeda, Kazuya Nagao, Takafumi Kawai, Akihiro Komasa, Ryusuke Nishikawa, Yuichi Kawase, Takashi Morinaga, Tsuneaki Kawashima, Yasuyo Motohashi, Mitsunori Kawato, Mamoru Toyofuku, Yukihito Sato, Koichiro Kuwahara, Tetsuo Shioi, Takeshi Kimura
AIMS: Over the last decade, major developments in medicine have led to significant changes in the clinical management of heart failure patients. This study was designed to evaluate the recent trends in clinical characteristics, management, and short-term and long-term prognosis of patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure study is a prospective, observational, multicentre cohort study, enrolling consecutive ADHF patients from 19 participating hospitals in Japan from November 2014 to March 2016...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747036/long-term-outcome-of-nonobstructive-versus-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Francesco Pelliccia, Vincenzo Pasceri, Giuseppe Limongelli, Camillo Autore, Cristina Basso, Domenico Corrado, Massimo Imazio, Claudio Rapezzi, Gianfranco Sinagra, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is particularly heterogeneous. Patients with nonobstructive HCM (NOCM) are thought to be at relatively low-risk as compared with obstructive HCM (HOCM) with no need of major treatment options. However, available evidence of NOCM comes mainly from tertiary centers where a referral bias is likely to occur. Aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in order to outline differences in presenting features and long-term outcome between NOCM and HOCM...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706591/interferon-related-pericarditis-review
#5
Kazuaki Nishio, Tsutomu Arase, Hiroko Tada, Hideaki Tachibana
AIM: To conduct a review of "interferon related pericarditis". METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cinahl, and the Cochrane Database from the earliest available date through September 2016. A search strategy using the Medical Subject Headings and text keywords "interferon" and "pericarditis" were used. RESULTS: Nine case reports were eligible for the present study. Six of 8 cases were women and the mean age was 43.8 ± 13.8 years with chronic hepatitis C in 6 cases, malignant melanoma in 2 cases and chronic myelogenous leukemia in 1 case...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697940/characterization-of-perioperative-contralateral-stroke-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#6
W Darrin Clouse, Emel A Ergul, Virendra I Patel, R Todd Lancaster, Glenn M LaMuraglia, Richard P Cambria, Mark F Conrad
OBJECTIVE: Contralateral stroke is an infrequent cause of perioperative stroke after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Whereas the risks of ipsilateral stroke complicating CEA have been discriminated, factors that lead to contralateral stroke are poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk of perioperative (30-day) contralateral stroke after CEA as well as predisposing preoperative and operative factors. Its specific effect on long-term survival was interrogated. METHODS: The Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) was queried from April 1, 2003, to February 29, 2016, for all CEAs...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625380/factors-associated-with-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-for-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-outcomes-registry-for-better-informed-treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation-ii-orbit-af-ii
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Benjamin A Steinberg, Peter Shrader, Laine Thomas, Jack Ansell, Gregg C Fonarow, Bernard J Gersh, Elaine Hylek, Peter R Kowey, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Emily C O'Brien, Daniel E Singer, Eric D Peterson, Jonathan P Piccini
BACKGROUND: Several non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) alternatives to warfarin are available for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to describe the factors associated with selection of NOACs versus warfarin in patients with new onset AF. METHODS: The ORBIT-AF II study is a national, US, prospective, observational, cohort study of anticoagulation treatment in patients with AF receiving NOACs or warfarin in the United States from 2013 to 2016...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620769/richard-g-fessler-and-laligam-n-sekhar-atlas-of-neurosurgical-techniques-spine-and-peripheral-nerves-thieme-hardcover-2016-994-pp-num-ill-354-99-eur-d-365-00-eur-a-408-00-chf-isbn-978-1-62623-054-5
#8
REVIEW
Pierre Kehr, Alian G Graftiaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612253/b-hirt-h-seyhan-m-wagner-r-zumhasch-hand-and-wrist-anatomy-and-biomechanics-a-comprehensive-guide-thieme-2016-116%C3%A2-pp-111-ill-hardcover-69-99-eur-d-72-00-eur-a-80-00-chf-isbn-978-3-13-205341-0
#9
Pierre Kehr, Alain G Graftiaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612252/james-p-stannard-andrew-h-schmidt-surgical-treatment-of-orthopedic-trauma-a-comprehensive-text-and-video-guide-thieme-2016-sec-ed-1-152-p-hardcover-339-99-eur-d-349-60-eur-a-391-00-chf-isbn-978-1-60406-762-0
#10
Pierre Kehr, Alain G Graftiaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591225/trends-in-food-insecurity-for-adults-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-the-united-states-2005-2012
#11
Seth A Berkowitz, Theodore S Z Berkowitz, James B Meigs, Deborah J Wexler
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity, the uncertain ability to access adequate food, can limit adherence to dietary measures needed to prevent and manage cardiometabolic conditions. However, little is known about temporal trends in food insecurity among those with diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions. METHODS: We used data from the Continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012, analyzed in 2015-2016, to calculate trends in age-standardized rates of food insecurity for those with and without the following diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions: diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591151/cardiac-glycosides-use-and-the-risk-and-mortality-of-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#12
Mohamed Hosny Osman, Eman Farrag, Mai Selim, Mohamed Samy Osman, Arwa Hasanine, Azza Selim
BACKGROUND: Cardiac glycosides (CGs) including digitalis, digoxin and digitoxin are used in the treatment of congestive heart failure and atrial fibrillation. Pre-clinical studies have investigated the anti-neoplastic properties of CGs since 1960s. Epidemiological studies concerning the association between CGs use and cancer risk yielded inconsistent results. We have performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the effects of CGs on cancer risk and mortality. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane library, Medline and Web of Knowledge were searched for identifying relevant studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574580/echographic-features-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-fetuses-with-congenital-absence-of-ductus-venosus
#13
Raquel Garcia-Delgado, Raquel Garcia-Rodriguez, Azahar Romero Requejo, Marta Armas Roca, Luciana Obreros Zegarra, Margarita Medina Castellano, Jose A Garcia Hernandez
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the echographic features and perinatal outcomes of fetuses with absence of ductus venosus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 10 cases with absence of ductus venosus diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography between January 2014 and February 2016 at a single referral center. Prenatal findings, umbilical shunting type, perinatal outcomes, and autopsy reports were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 11 491 fetuses underwent a first- and second-trimester screening during the study period...
June 2, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565849/myocardial-protective-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#14
Zheng Gong, Li Ma, Yu-Lin Zhong, Jun Li, Jing Lv, Yu-Bo Xie
Arrhythmias are the common complications following cardiac surgery and contribute to hemodynamic instability, cognitive impairment, thromboembolic events, and congestive heart failure. Prevention of atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery reduces morbidity and among the many available preventive approaches dexmedetomidine shows many positive effects on cardiovascular stability. Even though many studies indicated the beneficial effects of dexmedetomidine, the power of the analysis and conclusion of these studies is rather weak due to relatively smaller number of patients in these studies...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532169/impact-of-metoprolol-treatment-on-cardiac-function-and-exercise-tolerance-in-heart-failure-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#15
Jingjing Huang, Ran Zhang, Xuelu Liu, Yong Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of neuropsychiatric disorders on the effect of metoprolol on cardiac and motor function in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: From February 2013 to April 2016, CHF patients with clinical mental disorders received metoprolol (23.75 or 47.5 mg, once daily, orally) at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. Mental status was confirmed by means of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) scale...
June 19, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523032/serum-uric-acid-level-in-the-severity-of-congestive-heart-failure-chf
#16
Adnan Khan, Mohammad Hassan Shah, Sarbiland Khan, Umama Shamim, Sanan Arshad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It has been observed that in a clinical condition like hypoxemia there is an increase in the serum Uric acid level. The objective of our study was to find out the relationship between serum uric acid levels in the severity of Heart failure. METHODS: We analyze 285 patients with a diagnosis of Congestive heart failure admitted in Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from March 1(st) to August 2016. Age group of patients was 17- 67 years. New York Health Association (NYHA) scoring were used to access the severity of Congestive Heart Failure...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508293/influenza-infection-and-heart-failure-vaccination-may-change-heart-failure-prognosis
#17
REVIEW
Nikolaos P E Kadoglou, Frank Bracke, Tim Simmers, Sotirios Tsiodras, John Parissis
The interaction of influenza infection with the pathogenesis of acute heart failure (AHF) and the worsening of chronic heart failure (CHF) is rather complex. The deleterious effects of influenza infection on AHF/CHF can be attenuated by specific immunization. Our review aimed to summarize the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and dosage of anti-influenza vaccination in HF. In this literature review, we searched MEDLINE and EMBASE from January 1st 1966 to December 31st, 2016, for studies examining the association between AHF/CHF, influenza infections, and anti-influenza immunizations...
May 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502092/hiv-hcv-coinfection-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis
#18
O Osibogun, O Ogunmoroti, E D Michos, E S Spatz, B Olubajo, K Nasir, P Madhivanan, W Maziak
The emergence of improved antiretroviral therapy has increased the life expectancy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, although there is an increased susceptibility to developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The risk for CVD is purported to be even higher among people with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection because of the increased inflammatory response, which may synergistically impact CVD risk. However, studies comparing CVD outcomes between HIV alone and HIV/HCV individuals have been discordant...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500517/role-of-non-statins-ldl-c-thresholds-and-special-population-considerations-a-look-at-the-updated-2016-acc-consensus-committee-recommendations
#19
REVIEW
Bhavin B Adhyaru, Terry A Jacobson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The 2013 ACC/AHA Cholesterol guidelines was a major paradigm shift in the management and treatment of dyslipidemia. The new guidelines outlined "statin benefit groups," highlighted weighing the benefit versus risks of statin therapy ("net benefit"), and discussed the importance of shared decision making between patients and providers in primary prevention. While there was widespread agreement on the main groups benefiting from statin therapy, there was significant controversy regarding LDL-C goals and thresholds, the role of non-statin therapy, and the use of statins in specific populations...
June 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497060/efficacy-and-safety-of-l-carnitine-treatment-for-chronic-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Xiaolong Song, Huiyan Qu, Zongguo Yang, Jingfeng Rong, Wan Cai, Hua Zhou
Background. Whether additional benefit can be achieved with the use of L-carnitine (L-C) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remains controversial. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effects of L-C treatment in CHF patients. Methods. Pubmed, Ovid Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, Wanfang database, Chinese Biomedical (CBM) database, and Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals database (VIP) until September 30, 2016, were identified...
2017: BioMed Research International
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