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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904836/pulmonary-complications-of-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Quan M Nhu, Harry Knowles, Paul J Pockros, Catherine T Frenette
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an effective palliative intervention that is widely accepted for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Post-TACE pulmonary complications resulting in acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are rare events. Pulmonary complications after TACE are thought to be related to chemical injury subsequent to the migration of the infused ethiodized oil or chemotherapeutic agent to the lung vasculature, facilitated by arteriovenous (AV) shunts within the hyper-vascular HCC...
2016: World Journal of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900548/predictors-of-response-to-corticosteroids-for-dyspnea-in-advanced-cancer-patients-a-preliminary-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#2
Masanori Mori, Akemi Naito Shirado, Tatsuya Morita, Kenichiro Okamoto, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Yoshihisa Matsumoto, Hirohide Yamada, Hiroki Sakurai, Etsuko Aruga, Keisuke Kaneishi, Hiroaki Watanabe, Takashi Yamaguchi, Takuya Odagiri, Shuji Hiramoto, Hiroyuki Kohara, Naoki Matsuo, Hideki Katayama, Tomohiro Nishi, Takashi Matsui, Satoru Iwase
PURPOSE: Although corticosteroids can relieve dyspnea in advanced cancer patients, factors predicting the response remain unknown. We aimed to explore potential factors predicting the response to corticosteroids for dyspnea in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: In this preliminary multicenter prospective observational study, we included patients who had metastatic or locally advanced cancer, were receiving specialized palliative care services, and had a dyspnea intensity of ≥3 on a 0-10 Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) (worst during the last 24 h)...
November 29, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898965/performance-of-pigs-kept-under-different-sanitary-conditions-affected-by-protein-intake-and-amino-acid-supplementation
#3
Y van der Meer, A Lammers, A J M Jansman, M M J A Rijnen, W H Hendriks, W J J Gerrits
There is growing evidence that requirements for particular AA increase when pigs are kept under low sanitary conditions. The extent to which reduction in growth performance is related to these increased requirements is unclear. To evaluate this relationship, an experiment (2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement) was performed with 612 male pigs (9 per pen) kept under low sanitary conditions (LSC) or high sanitary conditions (HSC) and offered ad libitum access to either a normal CP concentration diet (NP; 17, 15, and 15% CP for the starter, grower, and finisher phase, respectively) or a low CP concentration diet (LP; 20% CP reduced relative to NP for each phase), each of which containing a basal AA profile (AA-B) or a supplemented AA profile (AA-S)...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796107/prevalence-of-lung-lesions-in-slaughtered-cattle-in-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#4
Ishmael F Jaja, Borden Mushonga, Ezekiel Green, Voster Muchenje
Information obtained from abattoirs on the causes of lung condemnation is important in preventing the spread of zoonotic diseases and for promoting food security. In this study, we assessed the causes of lung condemnation in cattle at three abattoirs represented as ANA, QTA and EBA to evaluate the financial losses associated with lung condemnation. A retrospective study (n = 51 302) involving the use of abattoir slaughter records of 2010-2012 and an active abattoir survey (n = 1374) was conducted from July to December 2013...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780007/diaphragmatic-hernia-of-the-stomach-with-gastric-rupture-in-a-domestic-pig
#5
Lori R Hill, Steven Y Huang, Mihai Gagea
A 5.5-mo-old castrated, male Red Duroc pig presented acutely with depression and abdominal pain 9 d after an altercation with another pig. A CT examination indicated right pneumothorax and herniation of the stomach into the thoracic cavity. Due to a poor prognosis, the pig was euthanized. A necropsy and gross examination revealed a tear of the diaphragmatic muscle in the region of the esophageal hiatus through which the stomach was displaced into the right side of the thoracic cavity. In addition, the herniated stomach had a rupture of the stomach wall through which the gastric mucosa was everted and exposed into the right thoracic cavity...
2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760972/-a-case-of-synchronous-multiple-metastases-in-which-the-origin-could-not-be-identified-by-routine-examination
#6
Ryo Fujiwara, Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Akihiro Kawauchi, Takahisa Nakayama, Natsumi Nishi, Hiroyuki Sugihara, Yusaku Okada
A 67-year-old man presented at our hospital with severe edema on the left side of his neck, chest and brachial regions. He had a history of right radical nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma (RCC, clear cell subtype, stage II) 15 years earlier. Thereafter, metastases to the pancreatic tail and right lung, and left lung metastasis were removed at 8 years and 11 years, respectively, after the nephrectomy. Four years earlier, he had also undergone total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma (poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, stage IV) and subsequent maintenance chemotherapy for gastric carcinoma...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756990/pleural-effusion-role-of-pleural-fluid-cytology-adenosine-deaminase-level-and-pleural-biopsy-in-diagnosis
#7
Biswajit Biswas, Sudershan Kumar Sharma, Rameshwar Singh Negi, Neelam Gupta, Virender Mohan Singh Jaswal, Narsimhalu Niranjan
OBJECTIVE: The present study is designed to evaluate the role of pleural fluid analysis in diagnosing pleural diseases and to study the advantages and disadvantages of thoracocentasis and pleural biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 66 consecutive indoor patients over a duration of 1 year. Pleural fluid was collected and cytological smears were made from the fluid. Plural biopsy was done in the same patient by Cope needle. Adequate pleural biopsy tissue yielding specific diagnosis was obtained in 47 (71...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734419/pseudo-meigs-syndrome-due-to-ovarian-metastases-from-colon-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Atsushi Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Miyasaka, Kazushige Furuya, Hideki Watanabe, Masahiro Maruyama, Haruka Nakada, Atsushi Takano, Masao Hada, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Masao Omata, Toshio Oyama
We herein experienced a case with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome that developed both synchronous and metachronous metastases to the ovary from ascending colon cancer. A 57-year-old female visited a hospital for a 2-month history of abdominal distension and voiding difficulty. Massive pleural effusion on the right side and a small amount of left-sided pleural effusion were detected on CT. She underwent emergent laparotomy due to the severe symptom of abdominal distention. The tumor originated from the left ovary, and left-sided oophorectomy was performed...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716292/serological-patterns-of-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-pasteurella-multocida-and-streptococcus-suis-in-pig-herds-affected-by-pleuritis
#9
Per Wallgren, Erik Nörregård, Benedicta Molander, Maria Persson, Carl-Johan Ehlorsson
BACKGROUND: Respiratory illness is traditionally regarded as the disease of the growing pig, and has historically mainly been associated to bacterial infections with focus on Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. These bacteria still are of great importance, but continuously increasing herd sizes have complicated the scenario and the influence of secondary invaders may have been increased. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of A. pleuropneumoniae and M...
October 4, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625443/thoracoscopic-evaluation-of-129-cases-having-undiagnosed-exudative-pleural-effusions
#10
Chetan Basavaraj Patil, Ramakant Dixit, Rakesh Gupta, Neeraj Gupta, Varna Indushekar
BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used in diagnostic and therapeutic applications for pleural diseases. In this study, we describe our experience in the outcome and analysis of thoracoscopy in undiagnosed pleural effusion presenting to our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study conducted over last 2 years. We performed thoracoscopy in 129 cases of undiagnosed exudative pleural effusions using rigid thoracoscope...
September 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599565/malignant-mesothelioma-of-the-pleura-with-desmoplastic-histology-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#11
Kana Hashimoto, Yusuke Okuma, Yukio Hosomi, Tsunekazu Hishima
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic malignant pleural mesothelioma (DMM) is rare histological subtype of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), accounting for 5-10 % of cases. It has a poor prognosis, with direct invasion of the chest wall or lungs and distant metastases. Its pathological characteristics include dense collagen fibers in a storiform pattern. Its pretreatment pathological diagnosis is difficult, with fibrous pleuritis and reactive mesothelial hyperplasia as potential differential diagnoses...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583087/amylo%C3%A3-dosis-sarcoidosis-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Amel Rezgui, Imene Ben Hassine, Monia Karmani, Fatma Ben Fredj, Chadia Laouani
The occurrence of renal and multiple organ Amyloïdosis is currently considered exceptional in the course of systemic lupus erythematosus. We report a case of a concomitant SLE and Amyloïdosis in a 57 year old female patient with hypothyroidism history, who presented with erythema nodosum, fever, arthralgia and sicca syndrome. Biological findings showed an inflammatory syndrome, renal failure, proteinuria (1g / 24h), positive auto antibodies and anti DNA. Lung radiology revealed medistinal lymphadenopathy, pleural nodules, ground glass infiltrates and pleuritis...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580053/hepatic-hydrothorax-clinical-review-and-update-on-consensus-guidelines
#13
Rana Khazar Al-Zoubi, Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Ashraf Gohar, Gary A Salzman, Osama Yousef
Hepatic Hydrothorax (HH) is defined as a pleural effusion greater than 500 ml in association with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. It is an uncommon complication of cirrhosis, most frequently seen in association with decompensated liver disease. The development of HH remains incompletely understood and involves a complex pathophysiological process with the most acceptable explanation being the passage of the ascetic fluid through small diaphragmatic defects. Given the limited capacity of the pleural space, even the modest pleural effusion can result in significant respiratory symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571730/answer-to-photo-quiz-a-case-of-bilious-pleuritis-after-radiofrequency-ablation
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571729/a-case-of-bilious-pleuritis-after-radiofrequency-ablation
#15
B Tomlow, A P Visscher, W Burgersdijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570776/advances-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleuritis
#16
REVIEW
José M Porcel
Pleural tuberculosis (TB) remains difficult to diagnose. In about two-thirds of the cases the diagnosis is reliant upon clinical suspicion along with consistent fluid biochemistries (i.e., lymphocytic predominant exudates) and exclusion of other potential causes for the effusion. Microbiological methods for a confirmatory diagnosis of pleural TB, which include acid-fast smears (Ziehl-Nelseen), cultures on solid media (Lowenstein-Jensen) and polymerase chain reaction tests from either pleural fluid or sputum samples, remain suboptimal since they are positive in only a minority of patients...
August 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551868/-not-available
#17
Per Wekell, Anna Karlsson, Anders Fasth, Stefan Berg
Familial Mediterranean fever - an important disease in a globalised world Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterized by recurrent febrile attacks during 1/2-3 days associated with peritonitis, pleuritis and arthritis. FMF is the most common monogenic autoinflammatory disease in the world, with over 100 000 affected individuals. It is particularly common in individuals with an origin in the eastern Mediterranean Basin, where the disease has a prevalence of 100-200 per 100 000. The gene for FMF (MEFV) was identified in 1997 with an autosomal recessive inheritance; however, a significant proportion (≈25%) of clinical patients lack two mutations...
2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525593/foot-and-mouth-disease-in-a-small-sample-of-experimentally-infected-pronghorn-antilocapra-americana
#18
Jack Rhyan, Matthew McCollum, Thomas Gidlewski, Moshe Shalev, Gordon Ward, Brenda Donahue, Jonathan Arzt, Carolina Stenfeldt, Fawzi Mohamed, Pauline Nol, Ming Deng, Samia Metwally, Thomas McKenna, Mo Salman
There is limited information on the pathogenesis and epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in North American wildlife and none concerning pronghorn ( Antilocapra americana ). In an experimental study of 13 pronghorn and six steers ( Bos taurus ), we compared the susceptibility of pronghorn to FMD virus (FMDV) strain O, with that of cattle ( Bos taurus ). We also determined the potential for intra- and interspecies transmission of FMDV strain O in pronghorn and cattle, assessed the application of conventional laboratory tests in their suitability to detect FMDV infection in pronghorn, and evaluated the potential role of pronghorn as efficient long-term carriers of FMDV...
October 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476063/is-the-il-6-174g-c-gene-polymorphism-related-to-the-disease-severity-score-in-turkish-children-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#19
Samet Özer, Resul Yilmaz, Ergün Sonmezgoz, Şeyma Ünuvar, Ömer Ates
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessively inherited disease characterized by recurrent self-limited attacks of fever accompanied by aseptic inflammation of serosal spaces, joints and skin, peritonitis, pleuritis, and arthritis. Clinical features differ according to genetics variants. The aim of this study was to identify relationship between IL-6 -174G/C gene polymorphisms and clinical features, disease severity score (DSS) and proteinuria in children diagnosed with FMF. In this study, 99 children who were followed-up in Gaziosmanpasa University Medical Faculty Department of Pediatrics and diagnosed with Familial Mediterranean fever according to Tel-Hashomer criteria were included...
July 30, 2016: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426464/-pulmonary-manifestations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Krisztina Vincze, Balázs Odler, Veronika Müller
Systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common connective tissue disease that is associated with pulmonary manifestations. Although lupus has the potential to affect any organ, lung involvement is observed during the course of the disease in most cases and it is prognostic for outcome. Pulmonary manifestations in lupus can be classified into five groups based on the anatomical involvement: pleura, lung parenchyma, bronchi and bronchioli, lung vasculature and respiratory muscles can be involved. The most common respiratory manifestations attributable to lupus are pleuritis with or without pleural effusion, pulmonary vascular disease, upper and lower airway dysfunction, parenchymal disease, and diaphragmatic dysfunction (shrinking lung syndrome)...
July 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
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