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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494727/expression-of-toll-like-receptor-2-and-toll-like-receptor-4-in-tuberculous-pleural-effusion
#1
Ying-Zhong Lin, Ting-Mei Feng, Jiao Lan, Chun-Xia Chen, Zhi-Qiang Qin, Yan-Bin Wu, Huan-Zhong Shi, Jian-Bo Ye, Cai-Zhou Wei, Wu Wang, Lu-Ying Huang
BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2) and Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) have been reported to play a crucial role in tuberculosis, however, little is known about their expression in tuberculous pleuritis. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this work is to explore the expressions of TLR2 and TLR4 in tuberculous pleuritis and their predominant expressions on cells. METHODS: Levels of soluble TLR2 and TLR4 by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 58 patients with tuberculous pleural effusion (PE) and 43 with malignant PE were determined...
May 9, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494709/hypervirulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-california-sea-lions-zalophus-californianus-pathologic-findings-in-natural-infections
#2
Mauricio Seguel, Nicole L Gottdenker, Kathleen Colegrove, Shawn Johnson, Carsten Struve, Elizabeth W Howerth
Tissues of stranded California sea lions ( Zalophus californianus) naturally infected with a hyperviruluent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae were examined by histopathology and immunohistochemistry against the K. pneumoniae K2 capsular antigen. In 7 of 8 animals, there was severe purulent bronchopneumonia, sometimes complicated by fibrinonecrotizing pleuritis with pyothorax. In affected areas of lung, large numbers of degenerate neutrophils and macrophages were admixed with rare large extracellular and intracellular gram-negative bacilli surrounded by a prominent capsule...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485632/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-domesticated-korean-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-coreanus
#3
Min-Goo Seo, In-Ohk Ouh, Munki Kim, Jienny Lee, Young-Hoan Kim, Jae-Cheul Do, Dongmi Kwak
Tuberculosis, a chronic progressive disease, has been reported in bovine, swine, and primate species. Here, we report the first case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a Korean wild boar ( Sus scrofa coreanus). The owners this domesticated boar brought it to the Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory in Korea after it was found dead and severely emaciated. Demarcated yellowish white nodules were found around the larynx and retropharyngeal lymph node during necropsy. The lungs had diffuse fibrinous pleuritis, severe congestion, and scattered nodules...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459940/tumor-infiltrating-lymphocyte-mediated-pleuritis-followed-by-marked-shrinkage-of-metastatic-kidney-cancer-of-the-chest-wall-during-nivolumab-treatment
#4
T Yanagihara, K Tanaka, K Ota, E Kashiwagi, A Takeuchi, K Tatsugami, M Eto, Y Nakanishi, I Okamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440918/uremic-pleuritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-recurrent-exudative-pleural-effusions-in-children
#5
Matthew D McGraw, Csaba Galambos, Paul C Stillwell
Despite similar mechanisms driving pleural fluid accumulation, the causes of pleural effusions in children differ significantly from that of adults. When a pleural effusion re-occurs in an adult, literature recommends early thoracentesis, and consideration for pleuroscopy with biopsy to guide the diagnostic evaluation. In children, there is a paucity of literature for guiding management of recurrent exudative pleural effusion. We present an unusual pediatric case of uremic pleuritis with recurrent pericardial and exudative pleural effusions...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438507/cardiothoracic-transplant-recipient-mycoplasma-hominis-an-uncommon-infection-with-probable-donor-transmission
#6
Rahul Sampath, Robin Patel, Scott A Cunningham, Sana Arif, Richard C Daly, Andrew D Badley, Mark E Wylam
The role of infection with Mycoplasma hominis following cardiothoracic organ transplantation and its source of transmission have not been well-defined. Here, we identify and describe infection with M. hominis in patients following cardiothoracic organ transplantation after reviewing all cardiothoracic transplantations performed at our center between 1998 and July 2015. We found seven previously unreported cases of M. hominis culture positive infection all of whom presented with pleuritis, surgical site infection, and/or mediastinitis...
April 19, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420071/pleuropulmonary-involvement-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-from-a-latin-american-inception-cohort-gladel
#7
M J Haye Salinas, F Caeiro, V Saurit, A Alvarellos, D Wojdyla, H R Scherbarth, A C de O E Silva, J C Tavares Brenol, L T Lavras Costallat, O J Neira, A Iglesias Gamarra, G Vásquez, G A Reyes Llerena, L A Barile-Fabris, L H Silveira, M J Sauza Del Pozo, E M Acevedo Vásquez, J L Alfaro Lozano, M H Esteva Spinetti, G S Alarcón, B A Pons-Estel
Objectives The objectives of this study were to examine the demographic and clinical features associated with the occurrence of pleuropulmonary manifestations, the predictive factors of their occurrence and their impact on mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Materials and methods The association of pleuropulmonary manifestations with demographic and clinical features, the predictive factors of their occurrence and their impact on mortality were examined in GLADEL patients by appropriate univariable and multivariable analyses...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383844/-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-emergency-department-a-case-report-of-acute-dyspnea-during-pregnancy
#8
L Marissiaux, M Gensburger, A Tromba, B Duysinx, P Meunier, V D'Orio, A Ghuysen
On the basis of the case report of a pregnant woman with acute pleuritis, this article describes the diagnostic modalities of dyspnea during pregnancy. The utility and effectiveness of bedside ultrasound examination by the emergency physician («POCUS») are reviewed in view of recent literature data. The ultrasound in this case is considered to be the extension of physical examination aiming at providing answers with immediate clinical relevance.
July 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350720/pulmonary-embolism-mimicking-infectious-pleuritis
#9
Kenichi Tetsuhara, Satoshi Tsuji, Satoko Uematsu, Koichi Kamei
The diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is often delayed because it is usually misdiagnosed as pneumonia or deep vein thrombosis. We report an unusual case of PE misdiagnosed as viral pleuritis on the first arrival at the emergency department (ED) in our hospital. A 14-year-old girl with no previous significant medical history was referred to the ED with pleuritic and chest pain with low-grade fever 4 days before admission.Echography showed a small amount of left pleural effusion. A 12-lead electrocardiogram was normal...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299486/the-influence-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-on-serum-biochemical-markers-during-experimentally-induced-pleuritis-in-rats-exposed-to-dioxin
#10
Ireneusz Całkosiński, Kinga Gostomska-Pampuch, Jacek Majda, Anna Leśków, Maciej Janeczek, Oleg P Melnyk, Andrzej Gamian
Toxicity of dioxins is wide ranging. Amongst the organs, the liver is the most susceptible to damage by dioxins. Damage caused to liver cells results in promoting inflammatory processes. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether high doses of tocopherol will change the inflammatory response, monitored by biochemical indicators, by improving liver function in rats exposed to tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The study was conducted on a population of female Buffalo rats. The animals were divided into the following groups: Control Group A-representing physiological norms for the studied diagnostic indicators; Control Group B-subjects were administered a 1% ceragenin solution to induce pleuritis; Study Group 1-where rats were administered α-tocopherol acetate for 3 weeks, after which pleuritis was induced; Study Group 2-rats were administered a single dose of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), while 3 weeks later, pleuritis was induced; and Study Group 3-rats were administered a single dose of TCDD and next, were administered α-tocopherol acetate for 3 weeks, followed by pleuritis induction...
March 15, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298568/comparison-of-disease-characteristics-organ-damage-and-survival-in-patients-with-juvenile-onset-and-adult-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-combined-cohort-from-2-tertiary-centers-in-turkey
#11
Bahar Artim-Esen, Sezgin Şahin, Erhan Çene, Yasemin Şahinkaya, Kenan Barut, Amra Adrovic, Yasemin Özlük, Işın Kılıçaslan, Ahmet Omma, Ahmet Gül, Lale Öcal, Özgür Kasapçopur, Murat İnanç
OBJECTIVE: Age at onset has been shown to affect the clinical course and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein, we aimed to define the differences in clinical characteristics, organ damage, and survival between patients with juvenile-onset (jSLE) and adult-onset SLE (aSLE). METHODS: For the study, 719 patients (76.9%) with aSLE and 216 (23.1%) with jSLE were examined. Comparisons between the groups were made for demographic characteristics, clinical features, autoantibody profiles, damage, and survival rates...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295452/presumed-lupus-erythematosus-cells-identified-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-from-a-mexican-hairless-dog
#12
Laura J Black, Ashley C Hechler, Maura E Duffy, Sarah S K Beatty
A neutered male Mexican Hairless dog was presented for generalized weight loss and weakness. Initial laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging revealed thrombocytopenia and an interstitial to miliary lung pattern affecting all lung fields. Mild joint effusion was found on physical examination affecting the stifle, tarsal, carpal, and elbow joints. Examination of synovial fluid demonstrated an inflammatory polyarthropathy in 3 joints. Cytocentrifuged and direct preparations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sample were made and cells consistent with lupus erythematosus (LE) cells and ragocytes were found...
March 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262199/effects-of-disease-activity-and-inflammatory-response-on-hypercoagulability-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#13
Yan Liang, Rui-Xue Leng, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of the study was to (1) investigate the possible relationships of clinical manifestations and laboratory abnormalities with hypercoagulability in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients; (2) analyze the interaction effect between SLE disease activity and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as well as between C3 and ESR on hypercoagulability. METHODS: The medical records of 1677 SLE patients were collected. Data on demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, laboratory abnormalities and immunosuppressive agents use were obtained by medical record review...
October 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228965/surgical-treatment-of-left-ventricular-wall-rupture-regarded-as-a-consequence-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#14
Taalaibek Kudaiberdiev, Irina Akhmedova, Gulzada Imanalieva, Ildar Abdildaev, Kilichbek Jooshev, Jamalbek Ashimov, Azamat Mirzabekov, Janibek Gaybildaev
OBJECTIVE: We present the case of possible reverse type of TCM in a female patient presented with progressive left ventricular dysfunction and its rupture in pericardium. METHODS: The detailed history, physical examination, laboratory tests, electrocardiography, serial echocardiography, coronary angiography with left ventriculography were performed to diagnose possible Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in 63-year old woman admitted to our center with complaints of dyspnea, lightheadedness, weakness and signs of hypotension and history of inferior myocardial infarction, acute left ventricular aneurysm, and effusive pericarditis and pleuritis, developed after emotional stress 5 months ago...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217593/validity-of-tuberculous-pleuritis-diagnosed-in-a-resource-constrained-setting-in-dindigul-district-of-tamil-nadu
#15
Baranidharan Chennaiyan, Arun N Bhatt, Roopa Kancherla, Cijoy K Kuriakose, Anand Vimal Dev, George A Philip
CONTEXT: Majority of the Indians live in rural areas where resource constrained settings depend on cheaper and less invasive tests to diagnose extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB). The decline in prevalence of TB in the country could affect the validity of the diagnosis. The aim was to measure validity of the pleural fluid study of proteins, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and cell counts in diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a 300 bedded secondary care hospital in rural Tamil Nadu...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178716/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-infection-in-patients-with-cancer
#16
Vivek Singh, Sowmya Nanjappa, Smitha Pabbathi, John N Greene
A major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer is infection. Since the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine in the United States in the 1990s, invasive H influenzae infection has become less common. We report on 5 patients with cancer and invasive H influenzae infection. A literature review was also performed of the dominant Haemophilus subtype and the clinical features associated with the infection and concomitant cancer. Of the 17 cases found in the literature, had hematological malignancies and 1 case each had thymoma, schwannoma, teratoma, and pancreatic, Merkel cell, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and rectal carcinomas...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#17
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066660/flex-rigid-pleuroscopic-biopsy-with-the-sb-knife-jr-is-a-novel-technique-for-diagnosis-of-malignant-or-benign-fibrothorax
#18
Xiao-Bo Wang, Yan Yin, Yuan Miao, Ralf Eberhardt, Gang Hou, Felix J Herth, Jian Kang
Diagnosing pleural effusion is challenging, especially in patients with malignant or benign fibrothorax, which is difficult to sample using standard flexible forceps (SFF) via flex-rigid pleuroscopy. An adequate sample is crucial for the differential diagnosis of malignant fibrothorax (malignant pleural mesothelioma, metastatic lung carcinoma, etc.) from benign fibrothorax (benign asbestos pleural disease, tuberculous pleuritis, etc.). Novel biopsy techniques are required in flex-rigid pleuroscopy to improve the sample size and quality...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053559/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-links-risks-and-management-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Konstantinos Tselios, Dafna D Gladman, Murray B Urowitz
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the second highest prevalence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), after systemic sclerosis, among the connective tissue diseases. SLE-associated PAH is hemodynamically defined by increased mean pulmonary artery pressure at rest (≥25 mmHg) with normal pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (≤15 mmHg) and increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Estimated prevalence ranges from 0.5% to 17.5% depending on the diagnostic method used and the threshold of right ventricular systolic pressure in studies using transthoracic echocardiogram...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034943/dr-ben-franklin-and-an-unusual-modern-day-cure-for-recurrent-pleuritis
#20
Mikaela I Poling, Craig R Dufresne, Robert L Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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