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Sodium nitrite

Kuang-En Chu, Yao Fong, David Wang, Chao Fuh Chen, Diana Yu-Wung Yeh
OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of the most common extra-pancreatic complications of acute pancreatitis. In this study, we examined the protective effect of protease inhibitor aprotinin and a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPi) on pulmonary inflammation in rats with severe pancreatitis-associated ALI. METHOD: A rat model of acute pancreatitis (AP) was established by injecting sodium glycodeoxycholate (GDOC) into the pancreatic duct. Pharmacological interventions included pretreatment with a protease inhibitor aprotinin (10mg/kg) and a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPi, 100g/kg)...
October 6, 2017: Immunobiology
Teerapat Yingchoncharoen, Teewin Rakyhao, Suporn Chuncharunee, Piyamitr Sritara, Pavit Pienvichit, Kittiphong Paiboonsukwong, Piyadon Sathavorasmith, Kanjana Sirirat, Thanaporn Sriwantana, Sirada Srihirun, Nathawut Sibmooh
Pulmonary hypertension is a life-threatening complication in β-thalassemia. Inhaled sodium nitrite has vasodilatory effect on pulmonary vasculature. However, its effect on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) in β-thalassemia subjects with pulmonary hypertension has never been reported. In this study, we investigated the change in PAP during inhalation of sodium nitrite in 5 β-thalassemia patients. We demonstrated that sodium nitrite administered by nebulization rapidly decreased PAP as measured by echocardiography and right heart catheterization...
September 27, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Neelima Mahato, Kavita Sharma, Rakoti Koteswararao, Mukty Sinha, Ek Raj Baral, Moo Hwan Cho
Citrus EOs is an economic, eco-friendly and natural alternatives to chemical preservatives and other synthetic antioxidants, such as sodium nitrites, nitrates or benzoates, commonly utilized in food preservation. Citrus based EOs is obtained mainly from the peels of citrus fruits which are largely discarded as wastes and cause environmental problems. The extraction of citrus oils from the waste peels not only saves environment but can be used in various applications including food preservation. The present article presents elaborated viewpoints on the nature and chemical composition of different EOs present in main citrus varieties widely grown across the globe; extraction, characterization and authentication techniques/methods of the citrus EOs; and reviews the recent advances in the application of citrus EOs for the preservation of fruits, vegetables, meat, fish and processed food stuffs...
September 28, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Yong Zhang, Kuiling Li, Jun Wang, Deyin Hou, Huijuan Liu
To understand the mass transfer behaviors in hollow fiber membrane contactors, ozone fluxes affected by various conditions and membranes were investigated. For physical absorption, mass transfer rate increased with liquid velocity and the ozone concentration in the gas. Gas flow rate was little affected when the velocity was larger than the critical value, which was 6.1 × 10(-3)m/s in this study. For chemical absorption, the flux was determined by the reaction rate between ozone and the absorbent. Therefore, concentration, species, and pH affected the mass transfer process markedly...
September 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Aneta Antczak-Chrobot, Paulina Bąk, Maciej Wojtczak
In 2010, the Directive on undesirable substances in animal feed entered into force and for the first time was laid down a maximum limit for nitrite content in sugar industry feed materials such as molasses and beet pulp. Due to a lack of suitable analytical methods for nitrite determination, this study was developed with the aim to standardize a nitrite analytical method in by-products from sugar industry. In this study high performance anion exchange chromatography with conductometric detection was used for determining nitrite and nitrate content of sugar by-products included in feed material...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Juri Lee, Kyung Jo, Yubong Lim, Hee Joon Jeon, Jun Ho Choe, Cheorun Jo, Samooel Jung
This study investigated the potential use of atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) treatment as a curing process for canned ground ham. APP treatment for 60min while mixing increased the nitrite content in the meat batters from 0.64 to 60.50mgkg(-1) while the pH and the total content of aerobic bacteria in the meat batters were unchanged. The canned ground hams cured by the APP treatment for 30min displayed no difference in their physicochemical qualities, such as nitrosyl hemochrome, color, residual nitrite, texture, lipid oxidation, and protein oxidation, compared with those of canned ground hams cured with sodium nitrite or celery powder at 42mgkg(-1) of nitrite...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Xavier F Hospital, Eva Hierro, Jacint Arnau, José Carballo, Juan S Aguirre, Marta Gratacós-Cubarsí, Manuela Fernández
The effect of nitrate and the combination of nitrate/nitrite on Listeria innocua (as surrogate of Listeria monocytogenes). And two selected spoilage microorganisms (Proteus vulgaris and Serratia liquefaciens) was studied in dry-cured ham. Hams were manufactured with different concentrations of curing agents: KNO3 (600 and 150mg/kg) alone or in combination with NaNO2 (600 and 150mg/kg). The addition of 500mg/kg of sodium ascorbate was also evaluated in a batch with 600mg/kg of nitrate and nitrite. The target microorganisms were inoculated by injection in semimembranosus, biceps femoris and in the shank, prior to curing...
November 2017: Food Research International
Hayam Ateyya, Manar Nader, Nagla Ahmad El-Sherbeeny
Diabetes with vascular complication needs strict interventions to retard possible serious complications. This research estimated the possible interaction of rosiglitazone (RGN) with losartan (Los) in diabetic rats. Male Spraque Dawly rats were randomly divided into: non-diabetic rats, diabetic rats, and diabetic rats received RGN, Los or combination of RGN and Los. Measurement of serum glucose, vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor and (TNF)-α levels, and aortic lipid peroxide (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total nitrate/nitrite (NOx) levels were done...
September 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Konstantin Schwarz, Satnam Singh, Satish K Parasuraman, Amelia Rudd, Lee Shepstone, Martin Feelisch, Magdalena Minnion, Shakil Ahmad, Melanie Madhani, John Horowitz, Dana K Dawson, Michael P Frenneaux
BACKGROUND: In this double-blind randomized placebo-controlled crossover trial, we investigated whether oral sodium nitrate, when added to existing background medication, reduces exertional ischemia in patients with angina. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy patients with stable angina, positive electrocardiogram treadmill test, and either angiographic or functional test evidence of significant ischemic heart disease were randomized to receive oral treatment with either placebo or sodium nitrate (600 mg; 7 mmol) for 7 to 10 days, followed by a 2-week washout period before crossing over to the other treatment (n=34 placebo-nitrate, n=36 nitrate-placebo)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Katie J Osterbauer, Amanda M King, Dennis L Seman, Andrew L Milkowksi, Kathleen A Glass, Jeffrey J Sindelar
To control the growth of Clostridium perfringens in cured meat products, the meat and poultry industries commonly follow stabilization parameters outlined in Appendix B, "Compliance Guidelines for Cooling Heat-Treated Meat and Poultry Products (Stabilization)" ( U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service [USDA-FSIS], 1999 ) to achieve cooling (54.4 to 4.4°C) within 15 h after cooking. In this study, extended cooling times and their impact on C. perfringens growth were examined. Phase 1 experiments consisted of cured ham with 200 mg/kg ingoing sodium nitrite and 547 mg/kg sodium erythorbate following five bilinear cooling profiles: a control (following Appendix B guidelines: stage A cooling [54...
October 2017: Journal of Food Protection
Matthew Brenner, Sarah M Azer, Kyung-Jin Oh, Chang Hoon Han, Jangwoen Lee, Sari B Mahon, Xiaohua Du, David Mukai, Tanya Burney, Mayer Saidian, Adriano Chan, Derek I Straker, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Gerry R Boss
OBJECTIVE: Accidental or intentional cyanide ingestion is an-ever present danger. Rapidly acting, safe, inexpensive oral cyanide antidotes are needed that can neutralize large gastrointestinal cyanide reservoirs. Since humans cannot be exposed to cyanide experimentally, we studied oral cyanide poisoning in rabbits, testing oral sodium thiosulfate with and without gastric alkalization. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: New Zealand white rabbits...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Wei Chen, Xueliang Niu, Xiaoyan Li, Xiaobao Li, Guangjiu Li, Bolin He, Qiutong Li, Wei Sun
Palladium-graphene (Pd-GR) nanocomposite was acted as modifier for construction of the modified electrode with direct electrochemistry of hemoglobin (Hb) realized. By using Nafion as the immobilization film, Hb was fixed tightly on Pd-GR nanocomposite modified carbon ionic liquid electrode. Electrochemical behaviors of Hb modified electrode were checked by cyclic voltammetry and a pair of redox peaks originated from direct electron transfer of Hb was appeared. The Hb modified electrode had excellent electrocatalytic activity to the reduction of trichloroacetic acid and sodium nitrite in the concentration range from 0...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Ji-Young Song, Hyo Jeong Kang, Joon Seok Hong, Chong Jai Kim, Jae-Yoon Shim, Christopher W Lee, Jene Choi
Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs), originating in Wharton's jelly, are multipotent stem cells that home to damaged tissues and can modulate the immune system. We examined whether administering extracts of MSCs (MSC-Ex) instead of MSCs could augment the beneficial effects of MSC therapy by overcoming the low homing efficiency of MSCs systemically administered in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis model was established in C57BL/6 mice, and MSC-Ex was administered intraperitoneally...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mohammed S El-Awady, Manar A Nader, Maha H Sharawy
Vascular dysfunction leading to hypotension is a major complication in patients with septic shock. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) together with oxidative stress play an important role in development of vascular dysfunction in sepsis. Searching for an endogenous, safe and yet effective remedy was the chief goal for this study. The current study investigated the effect of agmatine (AGM), an endogenous metabolite of l-arginine, on sepsis-induced vascular dysfunction induced by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in rats...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Laila Mohamed Fadda, Hala A Attia, Nouf Mohamed Al-Rasheed, Hanaa Mahmoud Ali, Manal Aldossari
This study aimed to explore the efficiency of carnosine (Cs) and/or l-arginine (Agn) in the downregulation of apoptotic and inflammatory molecule expression and DNA damage caused hepatic injury in response to sodium nitrite (Sd)-induced hypoxia in rats. Rats were injected with Sd; Agn or/and Cs were administrated prior to Sd intoxication. Sd significantly decreased hemoglobin concentration and Bcl-2 mRNA expression, while increased expressions of apoptotic markers (Bax and caspase), tumor necrosis factor-α, nuclear factor kappa B, and C-reactive protein and the oxidative DNA damage in hepatic tissue...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
P V Neethu, K Suthindhiran, M A Jayasri
BACKGROUND: Asparagopsis taxiformis (Rhodophyta) is a species of red algae belonging to the family Bonnemaisoniaceae. The objective of the present study was to evaluate antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of four fractions (petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol) of A. taxiformis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The red seaweed, A. taxiformis was collected from Mandapam Coastal Region, Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu. Epiphytes present in algal extracts were cleaned and washed with seawater and fresh water...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
Xiaofeng Yu, Lijun Zhao, Zhiping Yu, Changzheng Yu, Jianfei Bi, Binglong Sun, Haibo Cong
As a specific inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, sivelestat sodium hydrate has primarily been used in the treatment of acute lung injury caused by various factors since its approval in 2002. Sivelestat sodium hydrate also improves post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis (KOA), although its underlying mechanisms of action have yet to be elucidated. The aim of the current study was to determine if sivelestat sodium hydrate improves post-traumatic KOA through nuclear factor (NF)-κB in a rat model. Treatment with sivelestat sodium hydrate significantly inhibited the induction of structural changes and significantly increased the vertical episode count and ipsilateral static weight bearing of the joint in KOA rats (all P<0...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xinmei Dong, Lóránd Kiss, Ilona Petrikovics, David E Thompson
Dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) is a promising antidotal candidate for cyanide intoxication. DMTS acts as a sulfur donor in the conversion of cyanide to the less-toxic thiocyanate. The alternate reaction pathways of DMTS in the blood are not well understood. We report changes in the hemoglobin absorption spectrum upon reaction with DMTS. These changes closely match those induced by the known methemoglobin former, sodium nitrite. The kinetics of methemoglobin formation with DMTS is slower than with sodium nitrite...
September 18, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
Roman Falls, Michael Seman, Sabine Braat, Joshua Sortino, Jason D Allen, Christopher J Neil
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a frequent reason for hospitalization worldwide and effective treatment options are limited. It is known that AHF is a condition characterized by impaired vasorelaxation, together with reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, an endogenous vasodilatory compound. Supplementation of inorganic sodium nitrate (NaNO3) is an indirect dietary source of NO, through bioconversion. It is proposed that oral sodium nitrate will favorably affect levels of circulating NO precursors (nitrate and nitrite) in AHF patients, resulting in reduced systemic vascular resistance, without significant hypotension...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Z Q Zhang, L Lin, C Z Zhang
Objective: To investigate the influence of sodium nitrite exposure on sulfhemoglobin and hydroxyl radicals in mice. Methods: A total of 60 mice were randomly divided into low-, middle-, and high-dose groups (the concentrations of sodium nitrite were 0.055 mg/ml, 0.110 mg/ml, and 0.220 mg/ml, respectively) and control group (treated with distilled water) , with 15 mice in each group (male/female ratio=1: 1) . A free-drink model was applied and the duration of exposure was 2 weeks. The body weight of all mice was recorded before exposure and at weeks 1 and 2 of exposure...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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