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soft tissue sarcoma of head and neck

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922973/incidence-and-outcomes-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-in-the-us-pediatric-population
#1
Gustavo A Rubio, Andrea Alvarado, David J Gerth, Jun Tashiro, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-grade soft tissue sarcoma. In the pediatric population, DFSP is exceedingly rare. Aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical outcomes in a large pediatric cohort. METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2010) was analyzed for all patients with dermatofibrosarcoma occurring in patients <20 years of age. Data were extracted based on age, gender, race, anatomic site, histology, stage, treatment modalities, and survival...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900036/management-of-pediatric-head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-case-series-of-36-patients
#2
Joanna Radzikowska, Wojciech Kukwa, Andrzej Kukwa, Anna M Czarnecka, Maciej Kawecki, Fei Lian, Cezary Szczylik, Antoni Krzeski
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in the pediatric population. In 35% of cases, RMS develops in the head and neck (H&N) region, and only combined therapy is recognized as a curative treatment. However, recent advances in skull base and reconstructive surgery, along with microsurgery and endoscopic surgery, have strengthened the role of surgery as an important part of RMS treatment. In the present study, 36 pediatric RMS cases (24 males and 12 females) were analyzed after surgical treatment...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895862/cutaneous-angiosarcoma-metastatic-to-small-bowel-with-nodal-involvement
#3
Vidya A Fleetwood, Jamie C Harris, Minh B Luu
A 77-year-old male with a history of metastatic scalp angiosarcoma presented with intractable gastrointestinal bleeding from a jejunal mass detected on capsule endoscopy. He underwent laparoscopic-assisted resection of the mass. Intraoperatively, an isolated small bowel mass with bulky lymphadenopathy was seen and resected en bloc. Pathology showed a 6.8cm high-grade metastatic angiosarcoma with nodal involvement and negative margins. Angiosarcoma is a sarcoma with a grim prognosis. The incidence is 2% of all soft tissue sarcomas; cutaneous lesions comprise 27% of manifestations and usually appear on head and neck...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843739/a-case-of-complete-abscopal-response-in-high-grade-pleiomorphic-sarcoma-treated-with-radiotherapy-alone
#4
Andrew Orton, Jennifer Wright, Luke Buchmann, Lor Randall, Ying J Hitchcock
BACKGROUND: "Abscopal response" refers to the spontaneous involution of untreated metastatic disease following local primary tumor-directed therapy. We report a case of an abscopal response of untreated lung metastasis in a man with pleomorphic sarcoma of the head and neck treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy. METHODS: An inoperable pleomorphic sarcoma of the postauricular soft tissue was treated with 40 Gy of radiation in eight fractions. Untreated disease in the lungs was followed with CT scans...
October 7, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836568/the-surgical-management-of-head-and-neck-sarcoma-the-newcastle-experience
#5
R W F Breakey, T P Crowley, I B Anderson, R H Milner, M Ragbir
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck sarcomas are rare and difficult to manage surgically. Factors that influence the prognosis include the type and grade of tumour, resection margins, the anatomical site and patient-specific parameters. We review our experience as plastic surgeons working in a bone and soft-tissue tumour multidisciplinary team (MDT) in managing these tumours surgically. METHODS: Data on all patients with sarcoma of the head or neck managed surgically from 2004 to 2015 was reviewed...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756397/primary-alveolar-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-bone-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Petra Balogh, Rita Bánusz, Monika Csóka, Zsófia Váradi, Edit Varga, Zoltán Sápi
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malignant tumor of mesenchymal origin and comprises the largest category of soft-tissue sarcomas both in children and adolescents. From a pediatric oncology point of view, RMS has traditionally been classified into alveolar (ARMS) and embryonal (ERMS) subtypes. The anatomical localization of the tumor may vary, but commonly involve the head/neck regions, male and female urogenital tract or the trunk and extremities. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report two challenging cases involving 17- and 9-years-olds males where diffuse and multiplex bone lesions suggested either a hematological disease or a primary bone tumor (mesenchymal chondrosarcoma)...
October 18, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649458/synovial-sarcoma-of-the-hypopharynx-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#7
N H Alotaibi, Aurélie Bornand, Nicolas Dulguerov, M Becker, Pavel Dulguerov
INTRODUCTION: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is uncommon high grade soft tissue sarcoma, accounting for less than 10% of all head and neck sarcomas. Also, about 10% of SS occur within the Head & Neck. In the pediatric population, SS is an extremely rare head & neck malignancy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of sixteen years old boy diagnosed with SS situated of the hypopharynx treated by surgical excision and post operative radio-chemotherapy. DISCUSSION: This anatomical location brings additional functional challenges (swallowing, phonation, respiration), especially in the pediatric population...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461708/multimodality-management-of-primary-diaphragmatic-synovial-sarcoma-first-report
#8
Preyas J Vaidya, Anil Heroor, Sitaram Prasad, Rajat Bhargava, Nanadan Arulvannan, Jay Mehta, Boman N Dhabhar, Prashant N Chhajed
Synovial cell sarcoma is an extremely rare tumor of mesenchymal origin. It commonly affects the soft tissues of the extremities but could possibly origin from the head and neck, heart, lung, pleura, mediastinum, esophagus, abdominal wall and the mesentery, and retroperitoneum. Primary synovial sarcoma of pleura, mediastinum, and lung have been reported. Primary synovial sarcoma of the diaphragm has not been reported to the best of our knowledge. We report a case of primary synovial cell sarcoma of the diaphragm presenting as a recurrent pleural effusion and pain in the left hypochondrium managed with multimodality approach...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453670/breast-metastases-from-a-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-of-the-kidney-an-unusual-presentation
#9
Shalini Koppisetty, Ricardo C Alessio, Atul Rajpurkar
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are extremely rare soft tissue sarcomas of ectomesenchymal origin. They are commonly seen in association with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), but can also occur without a history of NF (isolated MPNST). MPNSTs are most commonly located on the extremities (brachial and sacral plexus), head and neck, and trunk regions and are rarely reported in genitourinary organs. These tumors are aggressive, with a high recurrence rate and distant metastases. MPNST involving the kidney is extremely rare, and review of the literature using PubMed from 2001 to 2014 revealed eight cases of MPNST involving the kidney (seven, primarily involving the kidney and one metastatic MPNST of the kidney)...
July 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448574/pretreatment-tumor-suvmax-predicts-disease-specific-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#10
Seung Cheol Ha, Jungsu S Oh, Jong-Lyel Roh, Hyojeong Moon, Jae Seung Kim, Kyung-Ja Cho, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
PURPOSE: Head and neck soft tissue sarcoma (HNSTS) is a rare type of tumor with various histological presentations and clinical behaviors. (18)F-FDG PET/CT is being increasingly used for staging, grading, and predicting treatment outcomes in various types of human cancers, although this modality has been rarely studied in the survival prediction of HNSTS. Here we examined the prognostic value of tumor metabolic parameters measured using (18)F-FDG PET/CT in patients with HNSTS. METHODS: This study included 36 consecutive patients with HNSTS who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT scanning prior to treatment at our institution...
July 23, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441072/head-and-neck-soft-tissue-sarcomas-treated-with-radiation-therapy
#11
Lucas K Vitzthum, Lindsay C Brown, Jessica W Rooney, Robert L Foote
Head and neck soft tissue sarcomas (HNSTSs) are rare and heterogeneous cancers in which radiation therapy (RT) has an important role in local tumor control (LC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes and patterns of treatment failure in patients with HNSTS treated with RT. A retrospective review was performed of adult patients with HNSTS treated with RT from January 1, 1998, to December 31, 2012. LC, locoregional control (LRC), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and predictors thereof were assessed...
June 28, 2016: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413360/multimodality-treatment-in-ewing-s-sarcoma-family-tumors-of-the-maxilla-and-maxillary-sinus-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
David Thorn, Christoph Mamot, Fatime Krasniqi, Frank Metternich, Sven Prestin
The Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT) encompasses a group of highly aggressive, morphologically similar, malignant neoplasms sharing a common spontaneous genetic translocation that affect mostly children and young adults. These predominantly characteristic, small round-cell tumors include Ewing's sarcoma of the bone and soft tissue, as well as primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) involving the bone, soft tissue, and thoracopulmonary region (Askin's tumor). Extraosseous ESFTs are extremely rare, especially in the head and neck region, where literature to date consists of sporadic case reports and very small series...
2016: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373104/-one-cases-of-nasal-synovial-sarcoma
#13
Dan Wang, Xin He, Hong Zheng
Synovial sarcoma is a rare tumour found in soft tissue; it is a mesenchymal spindle cell tumour that is not related to the synovial membrane. This tumour has a low incidence, and the most frequent place of occurrence is the lower extremities in young adults. Synovial sarcoma of the head and neck accounts for 3%-5% of sarcomas in this anatomical region. The tumor in the nasal cavity is less than 1%. The treatment of choice for synovial sarcoma of the head and neck is complete surgical excision of the tumour mass followed by adjuvant radiotherapy...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283169/soft-tissue-sarcoma-version-2-2016-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#14
Margaret von Mehren, R Lor Randall, Robert S Benjamin, Sarah Boles, Marilyn M Bui, Ernest U Conrad, Kristen N Ganjoo, Suzanne George, Ricardo J Gonzalez, Martin J Heslin, John M Kane, Henry Koon, Joel Mayerson, Martin McCarter, Sean V McGarry, Christian Meyer, Richard J O'Donnell, Alberto S Pappo, I Benjamin Paz, Ivy A Petersen, John D Pfeifer, Richard F Riedel, Scott Schuetze, Karen D Schupak, Herbert S Schwartz, William D Tap, Jeffrey D Wayne, Mary Anne Bergman, Jillian Scavone
Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are rare solid tumors of mesenchymal cell origin that display a heterogenous mix of clinical and pathologic characteristics. STS can develop from fat, muscle, nerves, blood vessels, and other connective tissues. The evaluation and treatment of patients with STS requires a multidisciplinary team with demonstrated expertise in the management of these tumors. The complete NCCN Guidelines for Soft Tissue Sarcoma (available at NCCN.org) provide recommendations for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of extremity/superficial trunk/head and neck STS, as well as intra-abdominal/retroperitoneal STS, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, desmoid tumors, and rhabdomyosarcoma...
June 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264732/primary-clear-cell-sarcoma-of-the-head-and-neck-a-case-series-with-review-of-the-literature
#15
Patrick C Feasel, Alison L Cheah, Karen Fritchie, Brody Winn, Melissa Piliang, Steven D Billings
BACKGROUND: Clear cell sarcoma typically arises in deep soft tissues of the foot/ankle. Primary head and neck clear cell sarcoma is rare. We report three molecularly confirmed primary head and neck clear cell sarcoma and review the literature. METHODS: Head and neck clear cell sarcoma with no primary elsewhere were retrieved from archival/consultation files. English language literature review of all reported head and neck clear cell sarcoma was performed. RESULTS: Three cases were identified...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217687/dumbbell-shaped-schwannoma-of-the-lateral-chest-wall-masquandering-as-a-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#16
Arvind Krishnamurthy, G C Raghunandhan, Urmila Majhi
Schwannomas are benign, slow growing nerve sheath tumours of Schwann cell origin. They predominantly are known to involve the head, neck and the flexor surfaces of the extremities, retroperitoneum and the posterior spinal roots. The chest wall is a relatively uncommon location for a schwannoma, the vast majority of which are intra-thoracic, which are usually located in the posterior mediastinum and bulge into the thoracic cavity. Schwannomas arising from the lateral chest wall are relatively uncommon (<5 %)...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194887/alveolar-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-maxilla
#17
Anuradha Ananthaneni, Puneeth Horatti Kuberappa, G Vijay Srinivas, Mohammad Asif Kiresur
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a malignant neoplasm of skeletal muscle origin, is the most common soft tissue sarcoma seen in childhood and adolescence. The most frequent site is the head and neck accounting for 40% of all cases and other involved sites are genitourinary tract, retroperitoneum, and to a lesser extent, the extremities. RMS is relatively uncommon in the oral cavity and the involvement of the jaws is extremely rare. Here, we report a case of 50-year-old female with oral RMS involving maxillary alveolar region with clinical, radiological, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings...
January 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194883/fibrosarcoma-of-maxilla-a-rare-case-report
#18
Sandhya Shrivastava, Sushruth K Nayak, Prachi Nayak, Sourabh Sahu
Fibrosarcoma is a malignant tumor of fibroblasts. At one time, it was considered one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas. However, the diagnosis of fibrosarcoma is made much less frequently today because of the recognition and separate classification of other spindle cell lesions that have similar microscopic features. Of all the fibrosarcomas occurring in humans, only 0.05% occur in the head and neck region. Here, we present a case of 22-year-old female patient with the swelling on the left anterior aspect of the face...
January 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190820/blue-cell-tumour-at-unusual-site-retropritoneal-ewings-sarcoma
#19
Anita P Javalgi, Mahesh H Karigoudar, Katyayani Palur
Ewing's sarcoma is a highly malignant tumour of osseous or non-osseous origin, tremed as extra-skeletal Ewings sarcoma if arising from soft tissue. It is rare occurrence tumor most commonly occurring in paravertebral area, chest wall, head & neck and retroperitoneum. Reporting an interesting case of retroperitoneal Ewing's sarcoma in 39 years old female. Patient had complains of abdominal discomfort & vague pain since 2 months, following weakness in lower limb and loss of weight. On detail history and examination she was further referred to detail pathological and radiological investigations...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123127/skull-sclerosing-epithelioid-fibrosarcoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Jingjing Xu, Jiawei Wang, Minming Zhang, Baizhou Li
Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is an unusual variant of fibrosarcoma that was previously considered to be a low-grade tumor with an indolent course. The tumor occurs most commonly in the soft tissue of the limb, trunk, head and neck, and occasionally in the bone and visceral organs. The skull is a rare primary site for SEF, with only 3 cases reported to date. The current study reports a case of SEF occurring in the occipital bone of a 24-year-old man, who lacked neurological symptoms. Imaging revealed a large mass emanating from the occipital bone and involving the superior sagittal sinus, torcular herophili and adjacent brain tissue...
May 2016: Oncology Letters
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