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soft tissue sarcoma of head and neck

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115716/long-term-results-in-children-with-head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-italian-soft-tissue-sarcoma-committee
#1
Maria Carmen Affinita, Andrea Ferrari, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Giovanni Scarzello, Francesco De Leonardis, Luca Coccoli, Roberta Pericoli, Eleonora Basso, Ilaria Zanetti, Angela Scagnellato, Gianni Bisogno
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) occurring at nonparameningeal head and neck (NPM-HN) sites carries a better prognosis than parameningeal RMS and some other sites. We analyzed the treatments administered and results obtained in patients with localized NPM-HN RMS, included in the protocols coordinated by the Italian Soft Tissue Sarcoma Committee (STSC), in an effort to identify prognostic factors that could facilitate the tailoring of treatment. METHODS: Sixty-six patients up to 18 years of age with previously untreated, localized NPM-HN RMS were prospectively registered in three consecutive protocols: RMS79, RMS88, and RMS96...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113171/clinicopathological-features-and-prognostic-factors-in-angiosarcoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-200-patients-from-a-single-chinese-medical-institute
#2
Lei Wang, I Weng Lao, Lin Yu, Jian Wang
Angiosarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, and the data about its clinicopathological features and prognostic factors are limited. The purpose of the present study was to report a large series of angiosarcoma at a single institution. Clinical data from 200 cases of angiosarcoma from the Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) between March 2006 and March 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The study population included 97 males and 103 females with ages between 4 and 91 years (median, 53 years). According to the tumor location, 200 cases were divided into 4 groups: i) Tumors involving the head and neck; ii) breast; iii) viscera (including internal organs and bone); and iv) soft tissue (including trunk and extremities)...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089679/embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-biliary-tree-a-rare-cause-of-obstructive-jaundice-in-children-which-can-mimic-choledochal-cysts
#3
Dhara J Kinariwala, Andrew Y Wang, Patrick D Melmer, William P McCullough
Jaundice in children is more often due to hepatic disease than obstruction. Differential considerations for obstructive jaundice in children include choledocholithiasis, choledochal cysts and rare neoplasms. Rhabdomyosarcoma, the most common soft tissue sarcoma in pediatric patients, typically involves the head and neck, genitourinary system and extremities. Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the biliary tree is a rare entity. We present a 3-year-old boy with abrupt onset obstructive jaundice. Although initial imaging suggested a dilated biliary system with fusiform common bile duct, sludge, and possible cholelithiasis, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) diagnosed a common bile duct embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and further imaging showed involvement of the cystic duct...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040904/malignant-fibrous-histiocytoma-in-the-right-portion-of-the-mandible-with-metastasis-in-pancreas
#4
Javier Biurrun Chamale, Marco Bruno, Facundo Mandojana, Llugdar José, Lucas Armando, Doniquian Alejandro
BACKGROUND: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a sarcoma of uncertain origin that can be found both in soft tissues and in bones. It is currently called undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma not otherwise specified and it represents a final common pathway in several tumors that are subject to the progress of dedifferentiation. Local recurrence of the tumor in the same location where it was originated occurs in 20-30% of the total number of soft tissue sarcomas. It is less frequent in limbs and more likely to recur in retroperitoneal sarcomas and in head and neck...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034595/adamantinoma-like-ewing-sarcoma-of-the-parotid-gland-cytopathologic-findings-and-differential-diagnosis
#5
Mohammed T Lilo, Justin A Bishop, Matthew T Olson, Syed Z Ali
Adamantinoma-like Ewing sarcoma (AES) is a rare variant of Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (EFTs), primarily affecting bone and soft tissue. AES has mixed features of Ewing sarcoma (ES)/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) and adamantinoma with a complex immunoprofile and EWSR1 gene rearrangements. Herein, we report a 72-year-old male who presented with left parotid mass, right neck mass and thyroid nodules. Fine needle aspiration of the left parotid mass displayed nests of monotonous epithelioid cells with basaloid features in a background of small round blue cells and lymphocytes...
October 16, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029988/mandibular-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-with-cartilaginous-metaplasia-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#6
Scott M Peters, Tim Kunkle, Michael A Perrino, Elizabeth M Philipone, Angela J Yoon
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malignant tumor of skeletal muscle origin and frequently involves the head and neck region. It represents the second most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma and accounts for 3% of all childhood cancers. Here, we report a case of embryonal RMS presenting as a right-sided facial swelling in a 7-year-old boy. Histologically, the tumor consisted of classic embryonal rhabdosarcomatous areas with metaplastic cartilage, in both initial biopsy and final resection specimens. Cartilaginous metaplasia arising in the background of RMS is a rare finding, thus raising a diagnostic challenge...
September 6, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022959/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-of-the-orbit-a-case-report-of-a-rare-tumor
#7
Ángel Nava-Castañeda, José Luis Tovilla-Canales, Francisca Zuazo, Lourdes Rodríguez-Cabrera, Lilia Garnica-Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of uncertain histogenesis, representing 0.5-1% of all soft tissue tumors. It occurs predominantly in head and neck regions, especially the orbit and the tongue, in infants, causing no specific symptoms for an extended period of time. CASE: A four year old girl was brought to consultation because of persistent swelling of her left upper and lower eyelid for the past six months. A 4 mm proptosis was noted on her left eye with significant upwards displacement of the globe...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988458/malignant-fibrous-histiocytoma-database-review-suggests-a-favorable-prognosis-in-the-head-and-neck
#8
Robert B Borucki, David M Neskey, Eric J Lentsch
OBJECTIVE: The malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of the head and neck. Currently, most of the data on this tumor relies on small retrospective studies. The objective of this study is to use the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to compare characteristics of this tumor based on location to better understand its prognosis in the head and neck region. This article represents the largest study analyzing prognosis of this tumor in the head and neck to date...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905843/orbital-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-with-frontal-and-ethmoid-sinus-involvement-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#9
Deepti Sharma, Garima Singh, Neha Kakkar, Vidya Jha
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a soft tissue sarcoma that is dermal in origin. The incidence is <0.1% of all malignancies and 1% of soft tissue sarcoma. Most commonly, it involves trunk (62%) followed by extremities (25%) and head and neck (13%). It is a slow growing tumor with locally aggressive behavior. Here, a 50-year-old female diagnosed with orbital dermatofibrosarcoma developed extra-axial component in right frontal region even on chemotherapy. Hence, the bad prognostic factors are yet to be established in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883296/multifocal-angiosarcoma-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-case-report
#10
Yosho Fukita, Ikuma Yasuda, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Tsutoshi Asaki, Seitaro Adachi, Michifumi Toyomizu, Takefumi Takeda, Naomi Suematsu
An 80-year-old man presented to our hospital with complaints of tarry stool and shortness of breath. A blood test confirmed marked anemia. On abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography, neither hemorrhagic lesions nor tumorous lesions could be pointed out. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple erythematous flat elevated lesions, which were about 10mm in diameter, located between the stomach and the horizontal part of the duodenum. Colonoscopy revealed similar lesions throughout the entire colon...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834636/intraosseous-rosai-dorfman-disease-diagnosed-by-touch-imprint-cytology-evaluation-a-case-series
#11
Avani A Pendse, Sara E Wobker, Kevin G Greene, Scott V Smith, Robert J Esther, Leslie G Dodd
Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, also known as Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign disorder that primarily affects the lymph nodes. Localized lymphadenopathy is the most common clinical manifestation of this disorder. However, RDD has been described in several extra-nodal sites including the head and neck region, soft tissue, skin, upper respiratory tract, gastro-intestinal tract and central nervous system (CNS). Involvement of the bone is considered very rare, occurring in less than 10% patients...
August 23, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774857/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-metastatic-to-the-mandible-a-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
S M Peters, M A Perrino, A J Yoon, E M Philipone
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare neoplasm constituting less than 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas. It tends to occur in the deep soft tissues of the lower extremities, however approximately 5-12% of cases are primary to the head and neck region. ASPS metastatic to the oral cavity is rare, with only four documented cases in the literature. Here, we present the case of a 29-year-old woman with ASPS metastatic to the mandible. To the best of our knowledge, this represents only the 5th documented case of ASPS metastatic to the oral cavity, and more specifically, the 3rd documented case of mandibular metastasis...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762137/a-clinicopathologic-study-of-head-and-neck-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors
#13
Adepitan A Owosho, Cherry L Estilo, Joseph M Huryn, Ping Chi, Cristina R Antonescu
Head and neck high grade malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (HN-MPNSTs) are rare highly aggressive soft tissue sarcomas that show overlapping morphologic and immunophenotypic features with melanoma and other high grade sarcomas, resulting in diagnostic challenges, particularly in sporadic settings. Recent discoveries have implicated loss of function mutations in the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) components, including EED or SUZ12 genes, as one of the leading pathogenetic mechanisms in high grade MPNST...
July 31, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761758/the-european-society-for-medical-oncology-magnitude-of-clinical-benefit-scale-field-tested-in-infrequent-tumour-entities-an-extended-analysis-of-its-feasibility-at-the-medical-university-of-vienna
#14
Barbara Kiesewetter, Markus Raderer, Gerald W Prager, Thorsten Fuereder, Christine Marosi, Matthias Preusser, Michael Krainer, Gottfried J Locker, Thomas Brodowicz, Christoph C Zielinski
BACKGROUND: The European Society for Medical Oncology Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS) is a new tool to quantify the clinical benefit that may be anticipated from a novel anticancer treatment. We present here an analysis on the feasibility of the ESMO-MCBS in less frequent tumour entities. METHODS: This study evaluates the practicability of the ESMO-MCBS for metastatic neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), soft tissue sarcomas, glioblastoma, thyroid cancer, pancreatic cancer, head/neck cancer, urothelial cancer and ovarian cancer at the Medical University Vienna...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710797/surgical-treatment-associated-with-improved-survival-in-patients-with-cutaneous-angiosarcoma
#15
LETTER
O Trofymenko, C Curiel-Lewandrowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689931/biphasic-synovial-sarcoma-of-the-epiglottis-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Marlene C Wigand, Thomas K Hoffmann, Thomas F E Barth, Johannes Veit
Synovial sarcomas are rare malignant tumors supposed to arise from pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells predominantly affecting the deep soft tissue of the lower and upper extremities in young adults. The occurrence of this tumor entity in the head and neck is very uncommon and hence, timely diagnosis and treatment of synovial sarcoma in this region remain a challenge. We describe the clinical and molecular pathological features of a biphasic synovial sarcoma of the epiglottis, a site where the primary manifestation of this tumor entity has not been documented to date...
July 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655993/synovial-sarcoma-of-the-head-and-neck-a-single-institution-review
#17
Vancheswaran Gopalakrishnan, Behrang Amini, Michael J Wagner, Erica N Nowell, Alexander J Lazar, Patrick P Lin, Robert S Benjamin, Dejka M Araujo
BACKGROUND: The prognosis and clinical characteristics of head and neck synovial sarcomas (HNSS) are unclear. Herein, we present an update using a cohort of patients treated at our institution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 44 patients diagnosed with primary HNSS between March 1990 and June 2012. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) curves were estimated and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated. RESULTS: The entire cohort's median PFS was 4...
2017: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640064/predictors-of-local-recurrence-in-patients-with-myxofibrosarcoma
#18
Bismarck Odei, Jean-Claude Rwigema, Frederick R Eilber, Fritz C Eilber, Michael Selch, Arun Singh, Bartosz Chmielowski, Scott D Nelson, Pin-Chieh Wang, Michael Steinberg, Mitchell Kamrava
OBJECTIVES: Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is reported to have a higher risk of local recurrence (LR) following definitive surgical excision relative to other soft tissue sarcomas. We reviewed our clinical experience treating MFS to investigate predictors of LR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed treatment outcomes for MFS patients treated at our institution between 1999 and 2015. A total of 52 patients were identified. Median age was 65 years (range, 21 to 86 y)...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638588/synovial-sarcoma-of-the-esophagus-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Abtin Doroudinia, Mehrdad Bakhshayesh Karam, Atosa Dorudinia, Payam Mehrian, Farahnaz Agha-Hosseini
Synovial sarcoma is an uncommon soft tissue tumor occurring mainly in the periarticular region of the extremities in young adults. It happens less frequently in the head and neck, mediastinum, lungs, heart, and digestive tract. A 28-year-old man two months after total esophagectomy with final diagnosis of esophageal synovial sarcoma was referred to our Positron Emission Tomography (PET-CT) department for the evaluation of treatment response and further treatment planning. To our knowledge this case is the 11th case of esophageal synovial sarcoma, being reported in the literature...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626490/soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-the-head-and-neck-25-years-of-experience
#20
Juan Francisco Liuzzi, Maribel Da Cunha, Daniuska Salas, Saul Siso, Esteban Garriga
Sarcomas are infrequent and heterogeneous tumours. They represent 1-2% of all malignant neoplasms in adults and between 4% and 10% of head and neck cancers. METHODS: The research was retrospective, descriptive, and cross-sectional. RESULTS: A study population of 62 patients with a mean age of 44 years was obtained; the most frequent location was the soft tissues of the neck (25.3%) and the mean tumour size was 7.1 cm; the most frequent diagnosis was undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (25...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
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