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Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
R S Pralle, K W Weigel, H M White
Prediction of postpartum hyperketonemia (HYK) using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry analysis could be a practical diagnostic option for farms because these data are now available from routine milk analysis during Dairy Herd Improvement testing. The objectives of this study were to (1) develop and evaluate blood β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) prediction models using multivariate linear regression (MLR), partial least squares regression (PLS), and artificial neural network (ANN) methods and (2) evaluate whether milk FTIR spectrum (mFTIR)-based models are improved with the inclusion of test-day variables (mTest; milk composition and producer-reported data)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Elizabeth Scarr, Madhara Udawela, Brian Dean
Schizophrenia (Sz) probably occurs after genetically susceptible individuals encounter a deleterious environmental factor that triggers epigenetic mechanisms to change CNS gene expression. To determine if omnibus changes in CNS gene expression are present in Sz, we compared mRNA levels in the frontal pole (Brodmann's area (BA) 10), the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (BA 9) and cingulate cortex (BA 33) from 15 subjects with Sz and 15 controls using the Affymetrix™ Human Exon 1.0 ST Array. Differences in mRNA levels (±≥20%; p < 0...
February 20, 2018: NPJ Schizophrenia
C L Walk, M R Bedford, O A Olukosi
An experiment was conducted to evaluate phytase supplementation on growth, phytate degradation, and the gene expression of myo-inositol transporters in 21-day old broilers. Ross 308, male broilers (n = 240) were assigned to one of four diets, with 10 pens/diet and six birds/pen from day one to 21. The diets consisted of a negative control (NC) formulated to meet or exceed Ross 308 nutrient requirements, with the exception of calcium (Ca) and available P (avP), which were reduced by 0.16 and 0.15%, respectively...
February 12, 2018: Poultry Science
Ahmed M Moeen, Ahmed S Safwat, Mohamed M Gadelmoula, Seham M Moeen, Hosny M Behnsawy, Ahmed A Shahat, Rabea A Gadelkareem, Diaa A Hameed, Hisham M Hammouda
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of urethral anastomosis to a button hole and to the lowest part of the anterior suture line during orthotopic neobladder substitution. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2015, 87 consecutive male patients with invasive bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy and Hautmann ileal neobladder. Patients were randomly divided into two groups; group I (44 patients), the outlet was created as a button-hole at the most dependent part of the pouch, group II (43 patients), the lowest 1 cm of the anterior suture line of the pouch was left open as an outlet...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Nishchal K Sharma, Mingan Choct, Mehdi Toghyani, Yan C S M Laurenson, C K Girish, Robert A Swick
A 3-factor, 3-level Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the interaction effect of dietary digestible lysine (dLys, 9.5, 10.5, 11.5 g/kg), apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn, 12.77, 13.19, 13.61 MJ/kg) and available P (avP, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 g/kg) levels on performance and amino acid (AA) digestibility of Ross 308 male broilers (n = 1,050) from d 14 to 34. The design consisted of 15 treatments each replicated 5 times with 12 birds per replicate. On d 34, 3 birds were sampled from each pen to collect ileal digesta (pooled per pen) to analyze AA...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
Rahul Pannala, Bruce Baldwin, Vijay Aluru, Thomas E Grys, Jordan Holmes, Laurence J Miller, M Edwyn Harrison, Cuong C Nguyen, Fred C Tenover, David Persing, Douglas O Faigel
Background/aims:  In an investigator-initiated, prospective study, we evaluated the feasibility of a five-gene sequence point-of-care (POC) testing strategy (Xpert CARBA-R Assay, Cepheid Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA), compared to reference laboratory PCR (48 - 72 hours turnaround time, two gene sequences), in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and in a hospital outbreak investigation. Methods:  After informed consent, patients undergoing ERCP (September 2015 - April 2016, n = 191) at Mayo Clinic and potential hospital contacts (n = 9) of an index carbapenem-resistant organism (CRO)-positive inpatient were included...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Alex Helkin, Sumeet V Jain, Angelika Gruessner, Maureen Fleming, Leslie Kohman, Michael Costanza, Robert N Cooney
Background: The ASA physical classification score has a major impact on the observed/expected (O/E) mortality ratio in the NSQIP General Vascular Mortality Model. The difference in predicted mortality is greatest between ASAs 3 and 4. We hypothesized under-classified ASA scores significantly affect the O/E mortality. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of NSQIP essential surgery cases from January 2014 to December 2014 ( n = 1264) with mortality sub-analysis ( n = 33) at our institution...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
Jungeun Bae, Thomas A Johnston, Rungsiri Chaiittianan, Khaetthareeya Sutthanut, Michael Jay, Lesley Marson
The objective of this study was to develop oral disintegrating tablet (ODT) formulations of a heptapeptide, [Lys5 ,MeLeu9 ,Nle10 ]-NKA(4-10), for the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction. A design of experiment approach was applied to determine the optimal ratio of chosen excipients: gelatin (X1 ), glycine (X2 ), and sorbitol (X3 ). These formulations were optimized for efficacy studies to produce ODTs exhibiting rapid disintegration times (Y1 ) and appropriate structural integrity (Y2 ) using JMP® 12...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Khalid Massa, Fadhili Kilamile, Emmanuela Safari, Amour Seleman, Anyitike Mwakitalima, Jonas G Balengayabo, Telemu Kassile, Peter E Mangesho, Godfrey M Mubyazi
BACKGROUND: Health risks associated with poor sanitation behaviours continue to be reported mostly from low-income countries (LICs). Reports show that various factors limit many people from accessing and using improved latrines, forcing some to opt for sharing latrines with neighbours, others practicing open defecation. Meanwhile, debate prevails on whether shared latrines should be categorised as unimproved according to WHO/UNICEF-JMP criteria. We contribute to this debate based on results from a study undertaken in three regions, Tanzania...
2017: PloS One
Walter G Bottje, Bhuwan Khatri, Stephanie A Shouse, Dongwon Seo, Barbara Mallmann, Sara K Orlowski, Jeonghoon Pan, Seongbae Kong, Casey M Owens, Nicholas B Anthony, Jae K Kim, Byungwhi C Kong
Background: Although small non-coding RNAs are mostly encoded by the nuclear genome, thousands of small non-coding RNAs encoded by the mitochondrial genome, termed as mitosRNAs were recently reported in human, mouse and trout. In this study, we first identified chicken mitosRNAs in breast muscle using small RNA sequencing method and the differential abundance was analyzed between modern pedigree male (PeM) broilers (characterized by rapid growth and large muscle mass) and the foundational Barred Plymouth Rock (BPR) chickens (characterized by slow growth and small muscle mass)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
N A Kaminski, E A Wong
Male chickens grow faster than female chickens, which may be due to greater nutrient uptake. The transport of nutrients from the intestine to the blood is mediated by transporters located on the surface of epithelial cells lining the villi. The objective of this study was to profile the mRNA expression of an aminopeptidase and selected amino acid and monosaccharide transporters in the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of male and female chickens at d of hatch (doh) and at d 7 and d 14 post hatch. The mRNA abundance of aminopeptidase N (APN), a peptide (PepT1), 6 amino acid transporters (ASCT1, bo,+AT, CAT1, EAAT3, LAT1, and y+LAT2), and 3 monosaccharide (GLUT2, GLUT5, and SGLT1) transporters was assayed by real-time PCR...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
Jennifer Colvin, Judith French, Allan Siperstein, Tony R Capizzani, Vikram D Krishnamurthy
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to conduct professionalism and social competencies (PSC) training by integrating humanities into structured workshops, and to assess reception of this curriculum by first-year surgical residents. DESIGN: An IRB-approved, pilot curriculum consisting of 4 interactive workshops for surgical interns was developed. The workshops were scheduled quarterly, often in small group format, and supplemental readings were assigned. Humanities media utilized to illustrate PSC included survival scenarios, reflective writing, television portrayals, and social media...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Asma Suliman Al-Gebaly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential metal whose dispersion in the environment has increased recently, Cd may enhance cell oxidative stress that leads to DNA damage and apoptotic cell death. The study aimed to evaluate the antioxidative capability of Burdock root 'Arctium lappa' on cadmium-induced oxidative stress and histopathology of the kidney of Wistar rats. METHODOLOGY: Cadmium was applied in a form of cadmium chloride to three groups (15 mg Cd kg-1) for five weeks with two groups pre-treated with 'Arctium lappa' administration, 100 and 200 mg kg-1 b...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
L Payling, I H Kim, M C Walsh, E Kiarie
Three studies involving 352 grower pigs were conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with multistrain spp. direct-fed microbial (DFM) and protease, alone or in combination, on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, fecal microbiota, and noxious gas emissions, and to use a meta-analysis to increase the reliability of the findings. Treatments ( = 4) were set up as a 2 × 2 factorial design with 2 levels of protease (0 and 5.000/6.000 units/kilogram of feed [U/KG]) and 2 levels of DFM (0 and 1...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
Gina S El-Feky, Sally T El-Banna, G S El-Bahy, E M Abdelrazek, Mustafa Kamal
Burn wounds environment favors the growth of micro-organisms causing delay in wound healing. The traditional treatment with antimicrobial creams offer inaccurate doses. The aim of the present study is to formulate and evaluate different silver sulfadiazine loaded nanogel formulations. A factorial design experiment was used for the identification of critical process parameters and for the optimization of the respective process conditions. The prepared drug loaded nanogels were characterized for their particle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and swelling index in order to demonstrate their physicochemical properties, in addition, FTIR, TEM, SEM and in vitro release were used for characterization...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Shinya Abe, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Kazuhito Sasaki, Manabu Kaneko, Koji Murono, Shigenobu Emoto, Toshiaki Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: Although temporary ileostomy is widely used to prevent complications due to anastomotic leakage after middle and low rectal cancer surgery, some patients fail to achieve stoma closure after primary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for permanent stoma following low anterior resection (LAR) or intersphincteric resection (ISR) with a temporary ileostomy for rectal cancer, while focusing on the time course, to develop a nomogram that can predict the rate of unreversed ileostomy 1 year after initial surgery...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Vinayak Kumar, Yash Shah, Dhruvan Patel, Nabeel Khan
BACKGROUND: Elderly-onset ulcerative colitis (EO-UC) is recognized as a distinct subpopulation of UC. To our knowledge, there have been no nationwide studies of EO-UC populations in the USA. AIMS: We aim to characterize differences in presentation at diagnosis and clinical course between EO-UC and adult-onset UC (AO-UC) patients in a national cohort. METHODS: Complete medical records of patients newly diagnosed with UC from October 2001 to October 2011 in the Veterans Affairs health system were obtained...
October 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
W X Bai, J Gao, C Qian, X Q Zhang
Objective: To investigate differentially expressed genes associated with liver cancer using bioinformatics methods, and to screen out molecular markers for early diagnosis of liver cancer and potential molecular targets for immunotherapy. Methods: The microarray data associated with liver cancer were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. JMP software was used for correlation analysis of GSE datasets, Limma program in R language was used to screen out differentially expressed genes, and the Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed for differentially expressed genes...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Lauren A Dalvin, Gena M Damento, Barbara P Yawn, Barbara A Abbott, David O Hodge, Jose S Pulido
OBJECTIVE: To examine an association between melanoma and Parkinson disease (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Phase I: Rochester Epidemiology Project records were used to identify (between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 2013) patients with PD in Olmsted County, Minnesota, with 3 matched controls per case. After review, JMP statistical software with logistic regression analysis was used to assess the risk of preexisting melanoma in patients with PD vs controls. Phase II: All Rochester Epidemiology Project cases of melanoma were identified (between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 2014), with 1 control per case...
July 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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