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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092299/the-complex-phenotype-of-the-athletes-heart-implications-for-pre-participation-screening
#1
Benjamin Brown, Daniel J Green, Matthew Wilson, Jonathan Drezner, Keith George, David Oxborough
Pre-participation screening is vital to exclude inherited cardiac conditions which have the potential to cause sudden cardiac death in seemingly healthy athletes. Recent research has questioned traditional theories of load-induced, dichotomous cardiac adaptation. We therefore considered whether a "one-size-fits-all" approach to screening can account for inter-individual differences brought about by sporting discipline, training volume, ethnicity, body size, sex and age.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091985/frequency-of-forensic-toxicological-analysis-in-external-cause-deaths-among-nursing-home-residents-an-analysis-of-trends
#2
Georgia Aitken, Briony Murphy, Jennifer Pilgrim, Lyndal Bugeja, David Ranson, Joseph Elias Ibrahim
There is a paucity of research examining the utility of forensic toxicology in the investigation of premature external cause deaths of residents in nursing homes. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and characteristics of toxicological analysis conducted in external cause (injury-related) deaths amongst nursing home residents in Victoria, Australia. This study was a retrospective cohort study examining external cause deaths among nursing home residents during the period July 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012 in Victoria, Australia, using the National Coronial Information System (NCIS)...
January 16, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091432/depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-victims-managed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria
#3
J E Asuquo, B E Edet, I E Abang, E A Essien, O G Osakwe, E J Aigbomain, K C Chigbundu
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses to traumatic events vary widely across different cultures but studies in the developing countries are scant. The objective of this study is to determine prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients involved in road traffic accident (RTA) compared with that of the general population using a matched control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was case control and employed the convenient sampling technique...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090445/population-reference-range-for-developmental-lumbar-spinal-canal-size
#4
James F Griffith, Junbin Huang, Sheung-Wai Law, Fan Xiao, Jason Chi Shun Leung, Defeng Wang, Lin Shi
BACKGROUND: Considerable variability exists in normal developmental lumbar spinal canal size. This impacts the likelihood of neural compromise. Spinal canal development is complete by 17 years. As diseases incurred thereafter do not knowingly affect the developmental size of the spinal canal, it is reasonable to use a selected population undergoing abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) examination to determine developmental lumbar spinal canal size. METHODS: Study approval was granted by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee...
December 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089973/malignancies-in-patients-with-anti-rna-polymerase-iii-antibodies-and-systemic-sclerosis-analysis-of-the-eular-scleroderma-trials-and-research-cohort-and-possible-recommendations-for-screening
#5
Maria-Grazia Lazzaroni, Ilaria Cavazzana, Enrico Colombo, Rucsandra Dobrota, Jasmin Hernandez, Roger Hesselstrand, Cecilia Varju, Gabriella Nagy, Vanessa Smith, Paola Caramaschi, Valeria Riccieri, Eric Hachulla, Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Emmanuel Chatelus, Katarzyna Romanowska-Próchnicka, Ana Carolina Araújo, Oliver Distler, Yannick Allanore, Paolo Airò
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of anti-RNA polymerase III antibodies (anti-RNAP3)- positive patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in the European League Against Rheumatism Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) registry with a focus on the risk of cancer and the characteristics of malignancies, and the aim to provide guidelines about potential cancer screening in these patients. METHODS: (1) Analysis of the EUSTAR database: 4986 patients with information on their anti-RNAP3 status were included...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089713/cortisol-increases-in-response-to-brief-social-exchanges-with-opposite-sex-partners
#6
Lisa M Jaremka, Nancy L Collins
Researchers recently demonstrated that cortisol increases in response to mating-relevant social interactions. An important next step is investigating factors that explain individual differences in cortisol reactivity within these contexts. The current study examined demographic, situational, and individual difference predictors of cortisol reactivity following brief, non-face-to-face interactions with potential dating partners. College students made a video introducing themselves to another participant. During another appointment, they watched a short video of an opposite-sex confederate introducing himself/herself, and believed the other person was watching their video...
January 12, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089703/to-each-its-own-gender-differences-in-affective-autonomic-and-behavioral-responses-to-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-visual-sexual-stimuli
#7
Michela Sarlo, Giulia Buodo
A large body of research on gender differences in response to erotic stimuli has focused on genital and/or subjective sexual arousal. On the other hand, studies assessing gender differences in emotional psychophysiological responding to sexual stimuli have only employed erotic pictures of male-female couples or female/male nudes. The present study aimed at investigating differences between gynephilic men and androphilic women in emotional responding to visual sexual stimuli depicting female-male, female-female and male-male couples...
January 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089611/government-s-role-in-promoting-healthy-lifestyle
#8
REVIEW
Laurie Whitsel
Worldwide, poor lifestyle behaviors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and low diet quality, are creating an unstainable burden of chronic disease with disparities across geography, race, income, education, and sex. Government plays an important role in addressing lifestyle behaviors and population health, reducing health disparities and chronic disease. Areas for government involvement include surveillance, research, programming, access to health care, quality assurance and guidelines for diet and physical activity(PA)...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089610/epidemiology-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-training-in-the-united-states
#9
REVIEW
Peter T Katzmarzyk, I-Min Lee, Corby K Martin, Steven N Blair
The purpose of this review was to provide an overview of the descriptive epidemiology of physical activity (PA) and exercise training in the United States. Overall, there is a low prevalence of meeting the current PA guidelines in all age, sex and race/ethnic groups. Among adults the prevalence of meeting the aerobic component of the guidelines is approximately 51%, whereas the prevalence of meeting both the aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines is approximately 23%. Approximately 27% of high school students meet the aerobic component of the pediatric guidelines (60minutes of daily moderate-to-vigorous activity), and the proportion of youth meeting the guidelines decreases with advancing age...
January 12, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089151/influenza-vaccination-reduces-hemorrhagic-stroke-risk-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Ju-Chi Liu, Ta-Jung Wang, Li-Chin Sung, Pai-Feng Kao, Tsung-Yeh Yang, Wen-Rui Hao, Chun-Chao Chen, Yi-Ping Hsu, Szu-Yuan Wu
PURPOSE: The risk of hemorrhagic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is low but the consequences of its occurrence are extremely severe. In this study, we investigated the association of influenza vaccination with the risk of hemorrhagic stroke to develop an efficient strategy for reducing this risk in patients with AF. METHODS: In this study, data were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The study cohort comprised all patients who received a diagnosis of AF (n=14,454) before January 1, 2005 (index date) and were followed until December 31, 2012...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089116/bullying-and-sexual-discrimination-in-the-greek-health-care-system
#11
Pavlina Chrysafi, Effie Simou, Marinos Makris, George Malietzis, Gregory C Makris
INTRODUCTION: Modern medicine is based on teamwork and communication. Bullying and discrimination can have a serious effect on these, affecting the standard of medical training and patient care. AIM: To determine the incidence of bullying and sex discrimination in the Greek health care system. METHODS: An online questionnaire was designed and circulated among Greek medical professionals. RESULTS: We received 1349 completed questionnaires with a response rate of 48% and with 45% of them being female...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088321/surgeon-pathologist-and-hospital-level-variation-in-suboptimal-lymph-node-examination-after-colectomy-compartmentalizing-quality-improvement-strategies
#12
Adan Z Becerra, Christopher T Aquina, Mariana Berho, Francis P Boscoe, Maria J Schymura, Katia Noyes, John R Monson, Fergal J Fleming
BACKGROUND: The goals of this study were to characterize the variation in suboptimal lymph node examination for patients with colon cancer across individual surgeons, pathologists, and hospitals and to examine if this variation affects 5-year, disease-specific survival. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted by merging the New York State Cancer Registry with the Statewide Planning & Research Cooperative System, Medicaid, and Medicare claims to identify resections for stages I-III colon cancer from 2004-2011...
January 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088038/evidence-of-functional-duplicity-of-nestin-expression-in-the-adult-mouse-midbrain
#13
Parisa Farzanehfar, Shi Sheng Lu, Anupa Dey, Dharshani Musiienko, Hamzah Baagil, Malcolm K Horne, Tim D Aumann
Whether or not neurogenesis occurs in the adult substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) is an important question relevant for developing better treatments for the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although controversial, it is generally believed that dividing cells here remain undifferentiated or differentiate into glia, not neurons. However, there is a suggestion that Nestin-expressing neural precursor cells (NPCs) in the adult SNc have a propensity to differentiate into neurons, which we sought to confirm in the present study...
January 5, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087795/who-says-i-do-the-changing-context-of-marriage-and-health-and-quality-of-life-for-lgbt-older-adults
#14
Jayn Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Until recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults were excluded from full participation in civil marriage. The purpose of this study is to examine how legal marriage and relationship status are associated with health-promoting and at-risk factors, health, and quality of life of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) participants who resided in states with legalized same-sex marriage in 2014 (N = 1,821)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087792/the-unfolding-of-lgbt-lives-key-events-associated-with-health-and-well-being-in-later-life
#15
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Sarah Jen, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Life events are associated with the health and well-being of older adults. Using the Health Equity Promotion Model, this article explores historical and environmental context as it frames life experiences and adaptation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was the largest study to date of LGBT older adults to identify life events related to identity development, work, and kin relationships and their associations with health and quality of life (QOL)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087555/associations-of-reallocating-sitting-time-into-standing-or-stepping-with-glucose-insulin-and-insulin-sensitivity-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-adults-at-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
Charlotte L Edwardson, Joe Henson, Danielle H Bodicoat, Kishan Bakrania, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
OBJECTIVE: To quantify associations between sitting time and glucose, insulin and insulin sensitivity by considering reallocation of time into standing or stepping. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Leicestershire, UK, 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 30-75 years at high risk of impaired glucose regulation (IGR) or type 2 diabetes. 435 adults (age 66.8±7.4 years; 61.7% male; 89.2% white European) were included. METHODS: Participants wore an activPAL3 monitor 24 hours/day for 7 days to capture time spent sitting, standing and stepping...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087547/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-isolated-minor-rib-fractures-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
Sai-Wai Ho, Ying-Hock Teng, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ming-Chih Chou, Chao-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: Isolated minor rib fractures (IMRFs) after blunt chest traumas are commonly observed in emergency departments. However, the relationship between IMRFs and subsequent pneumonia remains controversial. This nationwide cohort study investigated the association between IMRFs and the risk of pneumonia in patients with blunt chest traumas. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based cohort study. SETTING: Patients with IMRFs were identified between 2010 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#18
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081482/following-lives-undergoing-change-flux-study-implementation-and-baseline-prevalence-of-drug-use-in-an-online-cohort-study-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia
#19
Mohamed A Hammoud, Fengyi Jin, Louisa Degenhardt, Toby Lea, Lisa Maher, Jeffrey Grierson, Brent Mackie, Marcus Pastorelli, Colin Batrouney, Nicky Bath, Jack Bradley, Garrett P Prestage
BACKGROUND: Drug use among gay and bisexual men (GBM) is higher than most populations. The use of crystal methamphetamine, erectile dysfunction medication (EDM), and amyl nitrite have been associated with sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection among gay and bisexual men (GBM). OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an online prospective observational study of licit and illicit drug use among GBM and explores baseline prevalence of drug use in this sample. Capturing these data poses challenges as participants are required to disclose potentially illegal behaviours in a geographically dispersed country...
January 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081354/is-there-a-difference-between-parkinson-disease-patients-and-a-control-group-in-terms-of-urinary-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#20
Erdal Benli, Fahriye Feriha Özer, Yasemin Kaya, Tuba Şaziye Özcan, Ali Ayyıldız
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study is to research whether urinary symptoms and disruption of quality of life observed in Parkinson disease patients are different than those of their healthy peers. Additionally, whether these complaints were affected by characteristics such as age at onset of Parkinson disease, sex, disease duration, and severity was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised a total of 79 individuals, 39 Parkinson patients and a control group of 40 individuals...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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