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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550751/gender-roles-sex-and-the-expression-of-driving-anger
#1
M J M Sullman, J Paxion, A N Stephens
The present study investigated the validity of the 25-item Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) as well as the role of sex and gender-roles in relation to the expression of driving anger in a sample of 378 French drivers (males=38%, M=32.9years old). Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported the four-factor structure of the 25-item DAX (Adaptive/Constructive Expression; Use of the Vehicle to Express Anger; Verbal Aggressive Expression and Personal Physical Aggressive Expression) and two of the three aggressive factors were found to have significant positive relationships with driving anger, while adaptive/constructive expression was negatively related to driving anger...
May 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550691/gender-sex-and-traumatic-brain-injury-transformative-science-to-optimize-patient-outcomes
#2
Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
This paper presents highlights from a program of research addressing sex and gender among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) relevant to the Canadian context. Epidemiological trends based on health administrative data are examined, and their implications for policy and practice are considered. Further, the authors discuss the need to proactively address TBI in marginalized populations and in the workplace, two areas that have not received widespread attention.
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550380/barriers-motivators-and-facilitators-to-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-ghanaian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#3
Adedotun Ogunbajo, Trace Kershaw, Sameer Kushwaha, Francis Boakye, Nii-Dromo Wallace-Atiapah, LaRon E Nelson
In Ghana, men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a high burden of HIV. Identifying factors that influence engagement in HIV care among HIV-infected Ghanaian MSM is critical to devising novel interventions and strengthening existing programs aimed at improving outcomes across the HIV care continuum. Consequently, we conducted an exploratory qualitative research study with 30 HIV-infected Ghanaian MSM between May 2015 and July 2015. Common barriers were fear of being seen in HIV-related health facility, financial difficulties, and health system challenges...
May 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549713/childhood-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome-a-case-series-from-tunisia
#4
Nedia Ben Achour, Saloua Mrabet, Ibtihel Rebai, Ines Abid, Hanene Benrhouma, Hedia Klaa, Aida Rouissi, Ichraf Kraoua, Ilhem Ben Youssef Turki
INTRODUCTION: Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare immune-mediated disorder characterized by opsoclonus, myoclonus, ataxia and behavioral changes. The aim of our study was to investigate the epidemiology, clinical features, etiological aspects and outcome of OMS in Tunisian children. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study over 11years (2005-2016) including all patients aged under 18years who were managed for newly diagnosed OMS in a tertiary care research centre for children with neurological symptoms...
May 23, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549539/sex-differences-in-physiological-response-to-the-combination-of-stress-and-smoking
#5
Michael Kotlyar, Paul Thuras, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Mustafa al'Absi
Stressful situations are among the most commonly cited smoking triggers. Smoking and stress exposure each individually increase cardiovascular and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal measures with larger increases occurring when stress and smoking are combined. In this analysis, sex differences in the physiological response to the combination of stress and smoking are examined. Smokers (36 males; 34 females) completed a laboratory session in which systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), plasma epinephrine (Epi), norepinephrine and cortisol concentrations were measured at rest, while smoking a cigarette, during a speech task occurring immediately after smoking and at several time-points following the stressor...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549535/relationships-of-measured-iohexol-gfr-and-estimated-gfr-with-ckd-related-biomarkers-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Derek K Ng, George J Schwartz, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Alvaro Muñoz
BACKGROUND: 2 valid and reliable estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) equations for the pediatric population have been developed from directly measured GFR data in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) cohort: the full CKiD and bedside CKiD equations. Although adult GFR estimating equations replicate relationships of measured GFR with biomarkers, it is unclear whether similar patterns exist among children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in children and adolescents...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549014/robot-assisted-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-phase-ii-open-label-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Min Jung Kim, Sung Chan Park, Ji Won Park, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Yong Kim, Byung-Ho Nam, Dae Kyung Sohn, Jae Hwan Oh
OBJECTIVE: The phase II randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the outcomes of robot-assisted surgery with those of laparoscopic surgery in the patients with rectal cancer. BACKGROUND: The feasibility of robot-assisted surgery over laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has not been established yet. METHODS: Between February 21, 2012 and March 11, 2015, patients with rectal cancer (cT1-3NxM0) were enrolled. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either robot-assisted or laparoscopic surgery, and stratified per sex and administration of preoperative chemoradiotherapy...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548875/overweight-obesity-and-height-as-risk-factors-for-meningioma-glioma-pituitary-adenoma-and-nerve-sheath-tumor-a-large-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Markus K H Wiedmann, Cathrine Brunborg, Antonio Di Ieva, Kristina Lindemann, Tom B Johannesen, Lars Vatten, Eirik Helseth, John A Zwart
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has announced that avoiding body fatness (i.e. overweight and obesity) contributes to prevent meningioma occurrence, but considered the available evidence for glioma inadequate. The association of body fatness with other CNS tumor subgroups is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether body fatness or body height are associated with risk for meningioma, glioma, pituitary adenoma (PA) or nerve sheath tumor (NST) in a large population-based Norwegian cohort...
May 26, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548584/the-sex-disparity-in-risky-driving-a-survey-of-colombian-young-drivers
#9
Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, Bridie Scott-Parker
OBJECTIVE: The overrepresentation of young drivers in poor road safety outcomes has long been recognised as a global road safety issue. In addition, the overrepresentation of males in crash statistics has also been recognised as a pervasive young driver problem. Whilst progress in road safety evidenced as a stabilisation and/or reduction in poor road safety outcomes has been made in developed nations, less-developed nations contribute the greatest road safety trauma, and developing nations such as Colombia continue to experience increasing trends in fatality rates...
May 26, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548011/sex-work-and-three-dimensions-of-self-esteem-self-worth-authenticity-and-self-efficacy
#10
Cecilia Benoit, Michaela Smith, Mikael Jansson, Samantha Magnus, Jackson Flagg, Renay Maurice
Sex work is assumed to have a negative effect on self-esteem, nearly exclusively expressed as low self-worth, due to its social unacceptability and despite the diversity of persons, positions and roles within the sex industry. In this study, we asked a heterogeneous sample of 218 Canadian sex workers delivering services in various venues about how their work affected their sense of self. Using thematic analysis based on a three-dimensional conception of self-esteem - self-worth (viewing oneself in a favourable light), authenticity (being one's true self) and self-efficacy (competency) - we shed light on the relationship between involvement in sex work and self-esteem...
May 26, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546787/pepsinogen-c-expression-regulation-and-its-relationship-with-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Shixuan Shen, Jingyi Jiang, Yuan Yuan
Pepsinogen C (PGC) belongs to the aspartic protease family and is secreted by gastric chief cells. PGC could be activated to pepsin C and digests polypeptides and amino acids, but as a zymogen PGC's functions is unclear. In normal physiological conditions, PGC is initially detected in the late embryonic stage and is mainly expressed in gastric mucosa. The in situ expression of PGC in gastric mucosa is decreased considerably in the process of superficial gastritis → atrophic gastritis → gastric cancer (GC), proving that PGC is a comparatively ideal negative marker of GC...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546745/bronchiectasis-and-increased-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Yung-Fu Chen, Hsuan-Hung Lin, Chih-Sheng Lin, Battsetseg Turbat, Kuo-An Wang, Wei-Sheng Chung
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by permanent dilatation of the bronchial tree caused by recurrent airway infection and inflammation. The association of atherosclerosis and inflammation is well established. However, studies on the relationship between bronchiectasis and stroke are scant. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a population-based cohort study to investigate the incidence and risk of ischemic stroke in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: Data of 1,295 patients newly diagnosed as bronchiectasis between 2000 and 2008 were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546311/evidence-for-functional-networks-within-the-human-brain-s-white-matter
#13
Michael Peer, Mor Nitzan, Atira S Bick, Netta Levin, Shahar Arzy
Investigation of the functional macro-scale organization of the human cortex is fundamental in modern neuroscience. While numerous studies have identified networks of interacting functional modules in the grey-matter, limited research was directed to the functional organization of the white-matter. Recent studies have demonstrated that the white-matter exhibits blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal fluctuations similar to those of the grey-matter. Here we used these signal fluctuations to investigate whether the white-matter is organized as functional networks by applying a clustering analysis on resting-state functional MRI (RSfMRI) data from white-matter voxels, in 176 subjects (of both sexes)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546280/absolute-values-of-lung-function-explain-the-sex-difference-in-breathlessness-in-the-general-population
#14
Magnus Ekström, Linus Schiöler, Rune Grønseth, Ane Johannessen, Cecilie Svanes, Benedicte Leynaert, Deborah Jarvis, Thorarinn Gislason, Pascal Demoly, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Isabelle Pin, Angelo G Corsico, Bertil Forsberg, Joachim Heinrich, Dennis Nowak, Chantal Raherison-Semjen, Shyamali C Dharmage, Giulia Trucco, Isabel Urrutia, Jesús Martinez-Moratalla Rovira, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Christer Janson, Kjell Torén
Activity-related breathlessness is twice as common among females as males in the general population and is associated with adverse health outcomes. We tested whether this sex difference is explained by the lower absolute forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) or forced vital capacity (FVC) in females.This was a cross-sectional analysis of 3250 subjects (51% female) aged 38-67 years across 13 countries in the population-based third European Community Respiratory Health Survey. Activity-related breathlessness was measured using the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546095/puberty-suppression-in-transgender-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Simone Mahfouda, Julia K Moore, Aris Siafarikas, Florian D Zepf, Ashleigh Lin
The World Professional Association for Transgender Health's standards of care recommend suspending puberty, preferably with the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, in certain gender non-conforming minors (aged under 18 years) who have undergone a psychiatric assessment and have reached at least Tanner stage II of puberty. This approach seeks to lessen the discordance between assigned natal sex and gender identity by temporarily halting the development of secondary sexual characteristics, essentially widening the temporal window for gender clarification...
May 22, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545802/attitudes-towards-disorders-of-sex-development-nomenclature-among-affected-individuals
#16
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Diane Chen, Elizabeth B Yerkes, Mary Beth Madonna, Jane L Holl, Arlene B Baratz, Georgiann Davis, Earl Y Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Although now commonly used in medicine, the updated "disorders of sex development" (DSD) nomenclature formally introduced in 2006 has never been universally accepted by members of the affected community, particularly advocacy groups. Use of this nomenclature by medical professionals may unintentionally negatively affect access to healthcare and research for individuals with DSD conditions. OBJECTIVE: Among individuals affected by various DSD diagnoses, this study sought to (1) evaluate attitudes towards potentially controversial DSD terminology, (2) determine potential impact of terminology on how affected individuals access healthcare, and (3) explore alternate terms...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545574/initiating-change-locally-in-bullying-and-aggression-through-the-school-environment-inclusive-trial-update-to-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#17
Chris Bonell, Anne Mathiot, Elizabeth Allen, Leonardo Bevilacqua, Deborah Christie, Diana Elbourne, Adam Fletcher, Richard Grieve, Rosa Legood, Stephen Scott, Emily Warren, Meg Wiggins, Russell M Viner
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that multi-component interventions are effective in reducing bullying victimisation and perpetration. We are undertaking a phase III randomised trial of the INCLUSIVE multi-component intervention. This trial aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the INCLUSIVE intervention in reducing aggression and bullying victimisation in English secondary schools. This paper updates the original trial protocol published in 2014 (Trials 15:381, 2014) and presents the changes in the process evaluation protocol and the secondary outcome data collection...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545230/nanog-plays-a-hierarchical-role-in-the-transcription-network-regulating-the-pluripotency-and-plasticity-of-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells
#18
Maria Pitrone, Giuseppe Pizzolanti, Laura Tomasello, Antonina Coppola, Lorenzo Morini, Gianni Pantuso, Romina Ficarella, Valentina Guarnotta, Sebastio Perrini, Francesco Giorgino, Carla Giordano
The stromal vascular cell fraction (SVF) of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT and SAT) has increasingly come into focus in stem cell research, since these compartments represent a rich source of multipotent adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). ASCs exhibit a self-renewal potential and differentiation capacity. Our aim was to study the different expression of the embryonic stem cell markers NANOG (homeobox protein NANOG), SOX2 (SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2) and OCT4 (octamer-binding transcription factor 4) and to evaluate if there exists a hierarchal role in this network in ASCs derived from both SAT and VAT...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545101/family-aggregation-and-risk-factors-in-substance-use-disorders-over-three-generations-in-a-nation-wide-study
#19
Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Helle Jakobsen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: This nation-wide register-based study investigated how often substance use disorders (SUD) and co-morbid disorders occurred in affected families compared to control families. METHOD: A total of N = 2504 child and adolescent psychiatric participants who were born between 1969 and 1986 and were registered in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (DPCRR) had a mental disorder before the age of 18 and developed SUD at some point during their life-time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544473/level-of-vascular-tie-and-its-effect-on-functional-outcome-two-years-after-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#20
Daniel Kverneng Hultberg, Ashkan A Afshar, Jörgen Rutegård, Marilyne Lange, Markku M Haapamäki, Peter Matthiessen, Martin Rutegård
AIM: Previous research indicates that high tie of the inferior mesenteric artery during anterior resection for rectal cancer might be associated with an increased risk of postoperative functional disturbances. The goal of this population-based retrospective cohort study was to further investigate that association. METHOD: Patients who underwent anterior resection for rectal cancer from April 2011-September 2012 were identified through the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry...
May 25, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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