keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hypertension diabetes atherosclerosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810857/new-onset-diabetes-in-adulthood-is-associated-with-a-substantial-risk-for-mortality-at-all-ages-a-population-based-historical-cohort-study-with-a-decade-long-follow-up
#1
Inbar Zucker, Tamy Shohat, Rachel Dankner, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has been reported to be associated with an increased relative risk for mortality, with estimates ranging from 1.1 to 2.1. Findings are inconsistent regarding modification of the risk by gender and by age. The aim of this study was to estimate the mortality risk associated with new-onset diabetes in adulthood, by age group and gender. METHODS: From the database of a large health care provider, we identified 31,987 individuals diagnosed with diabetes during 2003-2005; and 162,656 individuals without diabetes, group-matched by age...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808861/epidemiology-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-heart-failure-what-drives-what
#2
REVIEW
Sushma M Dharia, Lee K Brown
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The bidirectional relationships that have been demonstrated between heart failure (HF) and central sleep apnea (CSA) demand further exploration with respect to the implications that each condition has for the other. This review discusses the body of literature that has accumulated on these relationships and how CSA and its potential treatment may affect outcomes in patients with CSA. RECENT FINDINGS: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can exacerbate hypertension, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and atherosclerosis, which are known predicates of HF...
August 14, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802699/relationship-between-limited-joint-mobility-of-hand-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Yusuke Mineoka, Michiyo Ishii, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Muhei Tanaka, Naoto Nakamura, Yasukazu Katsumi, Motohide Isono, Michiaki Fukui
AIM: Limited joint mobility (LJM) of hand, which is one of a complication of diabetic hand, has a close association with diabetic microangiopathy. However, it remains to be elucidated about the relationships between LJM of hand and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate the relationships between LJM of hand and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque score in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We evaluated the relationships between LJM of hand, and carotid IMT and plaque score, evaluated by carotid ultrasound examination, in 341 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802571/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-improve-endothelial-function-in-humans-at-risk-for-atherosclerosis-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Kayla R Zehr, Mary K Walker
Epidemiology studies and clinical trials show that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) can prevent atherosclerotic morbidity and evidence suggests this may be mediated by improving endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by reduced vasodilation and a pro-inflammatory, pro-thrombotic state, and is an early pathological event in the development of atherosclerosis. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD), a gold standard for assessing endothelial dysfunction, is a predictor of future cardiovascular events and coronary heart disease risk...
August 9, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796632/the-association-of-arsenic-metabolism-with-cancer-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-the-epidemiological-evidence
#5
Chin-Chi Kuo, Katherine A Moon, Shu-Li Wang, Ellen Silbergeld, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: The available evidence on the role of arsenic metabolism in individual susceptibility to the development of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes has not been formally and comprehensively reviewed. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to systematically investigate the association of arsenic metabolism with cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes-related outcomes in epidemiologic studies. As a secondary objective, we characterized the variation of arsenic metabolism in different populations worldwide...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789832/association-of-preterm-birth-and-small-for-gestational-age-with-metabolic-outcomes-in%C3%A2-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study-from-taiwan
#6
Yu-Ting Huang, Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chung-Hsing Wang, Bai-Horng Su, Che-Chen Lin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified preterm birth and/or small for gestational age (SGA) as risk factors for features of the metabolic syndrome, including high blood pressure, insulin sensitivity and atherosclerosis, occurring later in life, with controversial results. We conducted this population-based cohort study to investigate metabolic outcomes in those with former preterm birth and/or SGA status in Taiwan. METHODS: Data were obtained from Taiwan's universal National Health Insurance Research Database...
July 25, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783817/associations-between-midlife-vascular-risk-factors-and-25-year-incident-dementia-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-cohort
#7
Rebecca F Gottesman, Marilyn S Albert, Alvaro Alonso, Laura H Coker, Josef Coresh, Sonia M Davis, Jennifer A Deal, Guy M McKhann, Thomas H Mosley, A Richey Sharrett, Andrea L C Schneider, B Gwen Windham, Lisa M Wruck, David S Knopman
Importance: Vascular risk factors have been associated with cognitive decline. Midlife exposure to these factors may be most important in conferring late-life risk of cognitive impairment. Objectives: To examine Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) participants in midlife and to explore associations between midlife vascular risk factors and 25-year dementia incidence. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort investigation of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study was conducted from 1987-1989 through 2011-2013...
August 7, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782494/the-role-of-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-in-cardiovascular-homeostasis-a-non-systematic-literature-review
#8
Ahmad Hachem, Essa Hariri, Perla Saoud, Christelle Lteif, Louis Lteif, Francine Welty
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been gaining major attention recently after the emergence of data showing the promising role of these proteins in lipid homeostasis and atherosclerosis process, glucose and blood pressure regulation. PubMed, EMBASE, Scholar and Scopus databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials, observational studies, in-vitro trials and reviews about the role of PCSK9 in cardiovascular homeostasis. PCSK9 was found to have major impact on lipid homeostasis and inflammatory process through regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptors...
August 4, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781027/tobacco-exposure-as-determined-by-serum-cotinine-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury-in-individuals-free-from-cardiovascular-disease
#9
Muhammad Ali, Yabing Li, Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman
Tobacco exposure including second-hand smoke is the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Serum cotinine, a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for tobacco exposure, is a more accurate measure of tobacco exposure than self-reported smoking status. Although the harmful effect of tobacco exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (e.g., atherosclerosis) or hard CVD outcomes (e.g., myocardial infarction) is well established, its effect on intermediate outcomes such as subclinical myocardial injury (SMI), especially in nonsmokers, is not clear...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762019/epicardial-adipose-tissue-as-a-metabolic-transducer-role-in-heart-failure-and-coronary-artery-disease
#10
REVIEW
Vaibhav B Patel, Saumya Shah, Subodh Verma, Gavin Y Oudit
Obesity and diabetes are strongly associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disorders including dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, hypertension, and heart failure. Adipose tissue is identified as a complex endocrine organ, which by exerting a wide array of regulatory functions at the cellular, tissue and systemic levels can have profound effects on the cardiovascular system. Different terms including "epicardial," "pericardial," and "paracardial" have been used to describe adipose tissue deposits surrounding the heart...
July 31, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759472/macrophage-complexity-in-human-atherosclerosis-opportunities-for-treatment
#11
Erik A L Biessen, Kristiaan Wouters
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The pivotal role of macrophages in experimental atherosclerosis is firmly established, but their contribution to human disease is less well defined. In this review we have outlined the current insights on macrophage phenotypes and their presumed precursors, monocytes, in clinical atherosclerosis, and their association with disease progression. Moreover, we will assess major clinical modifiers of macrophage-mediated plaque inflammation and define the outstanding questions for further study...
July 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756957/comparison-of-the-diameters-of-the-major-epicardial-coronary-arteries-by-angiogram-in-asian-indians-versus-european-americans-40-years-of-age-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-artery-intervention
#12
Amgad N Makaryus, Rajiv Jauhar, Leanne M Tortez, Renee Pekmezaris
Coronary artery disease (CAD) rates are higher in Asian-Indians than in Caucasians. CAD occurs at an earlier age in this group, with about a quarter of all myocardial infarctions occurring under the age of 40. Previous reports have suggested smaller coronary artery size in Asian-Indians as a major cause for increased CAD in this population. This study sought to evaluate the size of normal "atheroma-free" segments of the epicardial coronary arteries in Asian-Indians and Caucasians aged ≤40 years undergoing coronary artery intervention in other diseased segments...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755037/novel-cd137-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-ischemic-stroke-in-the-northern-chinese-han-population
#13
Shuang Zhang, Zongmin Li, Ruyou Zhang, Xiaoying Li, Hewei Zheng, Qi Ma, Hui Zhang, Wenying Hou, Feng Zhang, Yingnan Wu, Litao Sun, Jiawei Tian
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, and atherosclerosis is one of the major risk factors for this neurologic deficit. Recent studies have revealed the important role of CD137 in human atherosclerosis. Here, we analyzed the association of CD137 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with ischemic stroke. We assessed three SNPs (rs161827, rs161818, and rs161810) of the CD137 gene and their association with ischemic stroke in a northern Chinese Han population. A total of 496 ischemic stroke patients and 486 gender-matched control subjects were genotyped...
July 28, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752274/renal-artery-stenosis-new-findings-from-the-coral-trial
#14
REVIEW
Rajesh Gupta, Salem Assiri, Christopher J Cooper
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to summarize recent advances in the field and highlight important new insights from the Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions (CORAL) trial regarding the optimal management of patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS). RECENT FINDINGS: The CORAL trial demonstrated that subjects with RAS had similar outcomes whether randomized to optimal medical therapy alone or optimal medical therapy plus renal artery stenting...
September 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750825/differences-in-natriuretic-peptide-levels-by-race-ethnicity-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Deepak K Gupta, Lori B Daniels, Susan Cheng, Christopher R deFilippi, Michael H Criqui, Alan S Maisel, Joao A Lima, Hossein Bahrami, Philip Greenland, Mary Cushman, Russell Tracy, David Siscovick, Alain G Bertoni, Valentina Cannone, John C Burnett, John Jeffrey Carr, Thomas J Wang
Natriuretic peptides (NP) are cardiac-derived hormones with favorable cardiometabolic actions. Low NP levels are associated with increased risks of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, conditions with variable prevalence by race and ethnicity. Heritable factors underlie a significant proportion of the interindividual variation in NP concentrations, but the specific influences of race and ancestry are unknown. In 5597 individuals (40% white, 24% black, 23% Hispanic, and 13% Chinese) without prevalent cardiovascular disease at baseline in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, multivariable linear regression and restricted cubic splines were used to estimate differences in serum N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels according to, ethnicity, and ancestry...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750634/preclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-type-2-diabetes-and-classical-type-1-diabetes
#16
Marta Hernández, Carolina López, Jordi Real, Joan Valls, Emilio Ortega-Martinez de Victoria, Federico Vázquez, Esther Rubinat, Minerva Granado-Casas, Nuria Alonso, Teresa Molí, Angels Betriu, Albert Lecube, Elvira Fernández, Richard David Leslie, Dídac Mauricio
BACKGROUND: LADA is probably the most prevalent form of autoimmune diabetes. Nevertheless, there are few data about cardiovascular disease in this group of patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of carotid atherosclerotic plaques in patients with LADA as compared with patients with classic type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Patients with LADA were matched for age and gender in different proportions to patients with type 2 diabetes, and classic type 1 diabetes...
July 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728756/circulating-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-levels-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-outcomes
#17
Ayman Samman Tahhan, Salim S Hayek, Pratik Sandesara, Jamal Hajjari, Muhammad Hammadah, Wesley T O'Neal, Heval M Kelli, Ayman Alkhoder, Nima Ghasemzadeh, Yi-An Ko, Hiroshi Aida, Mohamad Mazen Gafeer, Naser Abdelhadi, Kareem Hosny Mohammed, Keyur Patel, Shipra Arya, Jochen Reiser, Viola Vaccarino, Laurence Sperling, Arshed Quyyumi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Circulating soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a marker of immune activation associated with atherosclerosis. Whether suPAR levels are associated with prevalent peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and its adverse outcomes remains unknown and is the aim of the study. METHODS: SuPAR levels were measured in 5810 patients (mean age 63 years, 63% male, 77% with obstructive coronary artery disease [CAD]) undergoing cardiac catheterization...
June 8, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727835/conflicting-relationship-between-age-dependent-disorders-valvular-heart-disease-and-coronary-artery-disease-by-covariance-structure-analysis-possible-contribution-of-natriuretic-peptide
#18
Risa Fukumoto, Makoto Kawai, Kosuke Minai, Kazuo Ogawa, Jun Yoshida, Yasunori Inoue, Satoshi Morimoto, Toshikazu Tanaka, Tomohisa Nagoshi, Takayuki Ogawa, Michihiro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: It is conceivable that contemporary valvular heart disease (VHD) is affected largely by an age-dependent atherosclerotic process, which is similar to that observed in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a comorbid condition of VHD and CAD has not been precisely examined. The first objective of this study was to examine a possible comorbid condition. Provided that there is no comorbidity, the second objective was to search for the possible reasons by using conventional risk factors and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) because BNP has a potentiality to suppress atherosclerotic development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725272/brazilian-guidelines-on-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-from-the-brazilian-diabetes-society-sbd-the-brazilian-cardiology-society-sbc-and-the-brazilian-endocrinology-and-metabolism-society-sbem
#19
REVIEW
Marcello Casaccia Bertoluci, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, André Faludi, Maria Cristina Izar, Beatriz D Schaan, Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Marcelo Chiara Bertolami, Ana Paula Chacra, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar Malachias, Sérgio Vencio, José Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Roberto Betti, Luiz Turatti, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Henrique Tria Bianco, Marta Sulzbach, Adriana Bertolami, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Alexandre Hohl, Fábio Trujilho, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Maria Teresa Zanella, Rodrigo Lamounier, João Roberto Sá, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Pires, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724635/heterodimers-of-the-transcriptional-factors-nfatc3-and-fosb-mediate-tissue-factor-expression-for-15-s-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic-acid-induced-monocyte-trafficking
#20
Sivareddy Kotla, Nikhlesh K Singh, Daniel Kirchhofer, Gadiparthi N Rao
Tissue factor (TF) is expressed in vascular and nonvascular tissues and functions in several pathways, including embryonic development, inflammation, and cell migration. Many risk factors for atherosclerosis, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and smoking, increase TF expression. To better understand the TF-related mechanisms in atherosclerosis, here we investigated the role of 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX) in TF expression. 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE), the major product of human 15-LOXs 1 and 2, induced TF expression and activity in a time-dependent manner in the human monocytic cell line THP1...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
keyword
keyword
11186
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"