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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208035/prevalence-predictors-and-adverse-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-protocol-of-a-systematic-review
#1
Carlson-Babila Sama, Stewart Ndutard Ngasa, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Simeon-Pierre Choukem
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported on factors influencing adolescent pregnancies and the associated outcomes, but evidence from a systematic review is limited, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the greater burden lies. Establishment of accurate epidemiological data on the rates of adolescent pregnancy, its predictors, and adverse outcomes (maternal and neonatal) may have important implications towards attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals. METHODS: This will be a systematic review of studies reporting predictors of adolescent pregnancy and adverse outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa published between January 2000 and December 2017...
December 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153698/adolescent-pregnancy-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-in-patients-with-and-without-preeclampsia
#2
Felly Bakwa-Kanyinga, Edimárlei Gonsales Valério, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Cecília Ogando Alfama, Marianna Sperb, Edison Capp, Janete Vettorazzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (PE) in adolescents and to evaluate its association with risk factors for, and the occurrence of, adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. RESULTS: Of 3006 deliveries, 533 (17.7%) were from teenage mothers, with twenty-eight (5.3%) presenting PE; 17.8% of these cases were classed as severe. Vitamin and mineral supplementation was associated with the occurrence of PE (p=0.034). Puerperal complications and prematurity were more frequent in the PE group...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146155/a-comparison-of-childbirth-costs-for-adolescents-and-adults-from-2001-to-2010
#3
Smadar Ronen, Jinhyung Lee, Parin Patel, Pooja Patel
PURPOSE: Although teenage birth rates in America have fallen to a historic low of 26.2 births per 1,000 teenagers, the U.S. remains behind the rest of the industrialized world. Adolescent pregnancy is relatively well discussed in today's literature, with ever more detailed estimates constantly emerging to quantify the cost of children born to America's teenagers. This study, however, describes the financial cost of childbirth in the U.S. with a specific focus on understanding the impact of adolescent childbirth in comparison to that of adult women and of annual childbirth as a whole...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#4
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133985/effects-of-immediate-postpartum-contraceptive-counseling-on-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-in-adolescents
#5
Kasemsis Kaewkiattikun
Background: Adolescent pregnancy is a global public health problem, particularly repeated pregnancy. The best strategy to lower prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and repeated pregnancy is promoting highly effective long-acting contraceptive methods along with special counseling programs. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the ideal contraceptive of choice for adolescents. It is not known whether immediate postpartum contraceptive counseling increases postpartum LARC use in adolescents...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#6
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096416/incorporating-trauma-informed-care-into-school-based-programs
#7
Sandra L Martin, Olivia Silber Ashley, LeBretia White, Sarah Axelson, Marc Clark, Barri Burrus
BACKGROUND: This article provides an overview of the rationale and process for incorporating trauma-informed approaches into US school-based programs, using school-based adolescent pregnancy prevention programs as an example. METHODS: Research literature is reviewed on the prevalence and outcomes of childhood trauma, including the links between trauma and pregnancy. Information is then presented concerning the implementation of trauma-informed approaches in school settings, describing activities undertaken, barriers encountered, and outcomes achieved...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082792/evaluation-of-late-adolescent-pregnancies-is-late-adolescence-a-risk-factor-for-preterm-labor
#8
Sunullah Soysal, Abdullah Sarioz, Gokce Anik Ilhan, Ali Kocagoz, Aylin Dizi, Ilhan Gursoy, Ipek Celik, Damla Ozmen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluated effect of late adolescence during pregnancy and its confounding factors on neonatal and maternal results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of late adolescence on maternal, perinatal outcomes and preterm labor. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out on 172 late adolescents and 160 adult women who delivered in a tertiary center. The demographic features, obstetrical and neonatal properties of the patients were analyzed...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082308/contraceptive-methods-accessed-in-volta-region-ghana-2009-2014
#9
Himiede W Wilson, Donne K Ameme, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, Volta Region was one of the two regions in Ghana that recorded a high prevalence of teenage pregnancy, accounting for 15.5% of all adolescent pregnancies in the country. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of contraceptive methods accessed by person, place, and time in Volta Region, Ghana, 2009-2014. METHOD: We carried out a secondary analysis of contraceptive use data derived from the District Health Information Management System (DHIMS) 2 for Volta Region, between 2009 and 2014...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062402/the-outcomes-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-adolescents-in-slovenia
#10
Simona Korenčan, Bojana Pinter, Mojca Grebenc, Ivan Verdenik
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to determine the course and outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth in adolescents compared to women aged 20-24 years in Slovenia. METHODS: In the retrospective study, the course of pregnancy and labour and the perinatal outcome of newborns in primiparous adolescents aged ≤19 years (study group) have been compared to the control group of primiparous women aged 20-24 years. The study group was further divided into a study subgroup of adolescents aged ≤17 years...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044558/adolescent-pregnancy-and-nutrition-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-mamachiponde-study-in-malawi
#11
Alyssa Friebert, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Peggy C Papathakis, Mark J Manary
Young age at childbearing (≤19 years) is common and associated with poor birth outcomes. A trial among Malawian pregnant women with moderate malnutrition was used to determine outcomes of young adolescents (≤18 years), older adolescents (18-20 years), and adults (>20 years). Women received one of three supplementary foods that provided ∼900 kcal/day and 33-36 g protein/day and returned every 2 weeks. Newborn/maternal measurements were taken at delivery and after 6 and 12 weeks. Upon enrollment, adolescents had greater body mass index than adults (19...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987728/environmental-chemicals-and-breast-cancer-an-updated-review-of-epidemiological-literature-informed-by-biological-mechanisms
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn M Rodgers, Julia O Udesky, Ruthann A Rudel, Julia Green Brody
BACKGROUND: Many common environmental chemicals are mammary gland carcinogens in animal studies, activate relevant hormonal pathways, or enhance mammary gland susceptibility to carcinogenesis. Breast cancer's long latency and multifactorial etiology make evaluation of these chemicals in humans challenging. OBJECTIVE: For chemicals previously identified as mammary gland toxicants, we evaluated epidemiologic studies published since our 2007 review. We assessed whether study designs captured relevant exposures and disease features suggested by toxicological and biological evidence of genotoxicity, endocrine disruption, tumor promotion, or disruption of mammary gland development...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985919/contributing-factors-of-teenage-pregnancy-among-african-american-females-living-in-economically-disadvantaged-communities
#13
Lauren Summers, Young-Me Lee, Hyeonkyeong Lee
AIM: To identify contributing factors that increased the risk of pregnancy among African-American adolescent females living in economically disadvantaged communities and to evaluate the current pregnancy prevention programs addressing these factors in order to provide suggestions for the development of tailored pregnancy prevention programs for this target population. BACKGROUND: Pregnancy rates among adolescents in the United States have declined over the past several years...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974268/is-a-woman-s-first-pregnancy-outcome-related-to-her-years-of-schooling-an-assessment-of-women-s-adolescent-pregnancy-outcomes-and-subsequent-educational-attainment-in-ghana
#14
Adriana A E Biney, Philomena Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing pose challenges to young women's educational attainment. Studies show that while adolescent childbearing reduces educational attainment, not becoming pregnant and resorting to induced abortion when pregnant increases women's educational levels. This study examined relationships between adolescents' resolution of their first pregnancies and subsequent educational outcomes, for all women ages 20-49 years and across three age cohorts: 20-29, 30-39 and 40-49 year olds...
October 3, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962649/adolescent-deliveries-in-rural-cameroon-an-8-year-trend-prevalence-and-adverse-maternofoetal-outcomes
#15
Valirie Ndip Agbor, Clarence Mvalo Mbanga, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Adolescent deliveries remain a global public health concern especially in low- and middle-income countries where 95% of these deliveries occur. In Cameroon, adolescent pregnancies have a high disease burden due to their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to evaluate the prevalence, trend and adverse maternofoetal outcomes of adolescent deliveries in a rural community in Cameroon. METHOD: We carried out a retrospective register analysis of 1803 singleton deliveries in two health facilities located in the Oku sub-division over an 8-year period (2009 to 2016)...
September 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835911/perceptions-of-adolescent-pregnancy-among-teenage-girls-in-rakai-uganda
#16
Christina Maly, Katherine A McClendon, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Neema Nakyanjo, William George Ddaaki, David Serwadda, Fred Kakaire Nalugoda, Maria J Wawer, Erika Bonnevie, Jennifer A Wagman
The leading causes of death and disability among Ugandan female adolescents aged 15 to 19 years are pregnancy complications, unsafe abortions, and childbirth. Despite these statistics, our understanding of how girls perceive adolescent pregnancy is limited. This qualitative study explored the social and contextual factors shaping the perceptions of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth among a sample of 12 currently pregnant and 14 never pregnant girls living in the rural Rakai District of Uganda. Interviews were conducted to elicit perceived risk factors for pregnancy, associated community attitudes, and personal opinions on adolescent pregnancy...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829756/teenage-pregnancy-a-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe
#17
Fábia Carvalho, Inês de Medeiros, Catarina Faria, Djamilla Cotu, Endza Paula Will, Edgar Neves, Teresa Pontes
Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819945/adolescent-pregnancies-complications-birth-outcomes-and-the-possible-solutions
#18
Tayfur Çift, Engin Korkmazer, Muzaffer Temur, Berk Bulut, Bariş Korkmaz, Onur Ozdenoğlu, Cem Akaltun, Emin Üstünyurt
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aim to evaluate antenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes and complications of adolescent pregnancies, as well as to discuss the social and psychological consequences of these pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compare a total of 243 pregnant women at age 14-18 years to a vast control group at age 19-36 who all delivered at Bursa Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between years 2005-2014. RESULTS: Antenatal care (folic acid supplementation, pre-conception counseling) was significantly higher in adolescent pregnancy group...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#19
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#20
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
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