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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921645/adolescent-pregnancy-high-risk-of-recurrence-despite-access-to-intrauterine-devices
#1
Gilka Paiva Oliveira Costa, Rayanne Pereira Cabral, Thuany Bento Herculano, Giulia Paiva Oliveira Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: BMJ sexual & reproductive health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914419/male-adolescents-role-in-pregnancy-prevention-and-unintended-pregnancy-in-rural-victoria-health-care-professional-s-and-educators-perspectives
#2
S Connor, K Edvardsson, E Spelten
BACKGROUND: While there has been a steady decline in adolescent pregnancies worldwide and in Australia over the last three decades, Australian rates still rank third highest among developed countries. Adolescent pregnancies are defined as those that occur to girls between the ages of 15 and 19. The current pregnancy rate of 15 to 19 year old females rural Victoria is 21.19%, this is more than double the Victorian state rate of 8.2% and almost double the national Australian rate at 13...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#3
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884139/determinants-of-adolescent-pregnancy-and-access-to-reproductive-and-sexual-health-services-for-married-and-unmarried-adolescents-in-rural-lao-pdr-a-qualitative-study
#4
Vanphanom Sychareun, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Souphaphone Houaboun, Vassana Thammavongsa, Phouthong Phummavongsa, Kongmany Chaleunvong, Jo Durham
BACKGROUND: Early marriage and pregnancy is a risk factor for poor maternal and child health and socio-economic outcomes. Bokeo and Luang Namtha provinces in northern Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) has high rates of teenage pregnancy. The purpose of this research was firstly to explore factors contributing to teenage pregnancy in rural Lao. Secondly, to understand the specific challenges adolescent mothers face in accessing maternal health services. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were undertaken with adolescent mothers and unmarried adolescents aged 12 to 19 years, living in rural areas, and from different ethnic groups...
June 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878642/the-problem-of-social-desirability-bias-when-measuring-desire-for-adolescent-pregnancy
#5
Beth A Payne
Accurate reporting of pregnancy desire is instrumental to develop programs that meet the needs of adolescents and can ensure their right to safety and support during their development into adulthood. In the paper by Estrada et al. the authors present much needed data on pregnancy desire in Latin America through secondary analysis of the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (https://mics.unicef.org/surveys). In this study the authors found that pregnancy desire varied significantly by region, ranging from 38% in Panama to 79% in Cuba...
June 7, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868156/perceptions-of-pregnant-adolescents-on-the-antenatal-care-received-at-ndirande-health-centre-in-blantyre-malawi
#6
Maria Chifuniro Chikalipo, Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Rabecca Chikondi Ngalande, Sadandaula Rose Muheriwa, Ursula Kalimembe Kafulafula
Background: Rates of adolescent pregnancies in Malawi remain high at 29%. Early childbearing is a major health issue because of its increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes compared to older women. Although antenatal care is believed not to directly reduce maternal mortality, comprehensive antenatal care, especially in developing countries, may promote safe motherhood as actual and potential problems related to pregnancy are identified and treated in a timely manner. While antenatal services in Malawi are meant to provide antenatal care for adolescents, much of the care provided seems to be limited...
March 2018: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804784/contraceptive-knowledge-attitudes-and-use-among-adolescent-mothers-in-the-cook-islands
#7
Ashley L White, Emily S Mann, Fiona Larkan
BACKGROUND: While the adverse health outcomes and broader economic and social factors associated with adolescent motherhood are well documented globally, limited research on unplanned pregnancy and birth among young women in Pacific Island nations exists. The study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the social and contextual factors that inform contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and use among young women in the Cook Islands. METHODS: Individual, in-depth interviews were conducted with ten women who became mothers before age twenty...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#8
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776353/depression-and-its-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-pregnant-kenyan-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-community-health-centre-of-nairobi
#9
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Ann Vander Stoep, Keng-Yen Huang, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies within urban resource-deprived settlements predispose young girls to adverse mental health and psychosocial adversities, notably depression. Depression in sub-Saharan Africa is a leading contributor to years lived with disability (YLD). The study's objective was to determine the prevalence of depression and related psychosocial risks among pregnant adolescents reporting at a maternal and child health clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: A convenient sample of 176 pregnant adolescents attending antenatal clinic in Kangemi primary healthcare health facility participated in the study...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771679/acceptability-of-contraceptive-self-injection-with-dmpa-sc-among-adolescents-in-gulu-district-uganda
#10
Jane Cover, Jeanette Lim, Allen Namagembe, Justine Tumusiime, Jennifer Kidwell Drake, Carie Muntifering Cox
CONTEXT: In Uganda, an estimated one in four adolescent women have begun childbearing. Many adolescent pregnancies are unintended because of substantial barriers to contraceptive access. The injectable contraceptive is the most commonly used method in Uganda, and a new subcutaneous version offers the possibility of reducing access barriers by offering a self-injection option. However, more information about adolescent attitudes toward and interest in self-injection is needed. METHODS: In 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 46 adolescent women aged 15-19 from rural and urban areas of Gulu District...
December 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744286/adolescent-pregnancy-and-challenges-in-kenyan-context-perspectives-from-multiple-community-stakeholders
#11
Manasi Kumar, Keng-Yen Huang, Caleb Othieno, Dalton Wamalwa, Beatrice Madeghe, Judith Osok, Simon Njuguna Kahonge, Joyce Nato, Mary McKernon McKay
Objective: The key objective of this paper is to provide a phenomenological account of the mental health challenges and experiences of adolescent new mothers. We explore the role of social support and the absence of empathy plays in depression among pregnant adolescents. The project also collected data on the adolescents' caregiving environment which includes the adolescents' mothers, their partners, the community, and health care workers, as well as feedback from staff nurses at the maternal and child health centers...
March 2018: Global Social Welfare: Research, Policy & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683910/acog-committee-opinion-no-735-adolescents-and-long-acting-reversible-contraception-implants-and-intrauterine-devices
#12
(no author information available yet)
The phenomenon of adolescent childbearing is complex and far reaching, affecting not only the adolescents but also their children and their community. The prevalence and public health effect of adolescent pregnancy reflect complex structural social problems and an unmet need for acceptable and effective contraceptive methods in this population. In 2006-2010, 82% of adolescents at risk of unintended pregnancy were currently using contraception, but only 59% used a highly effective method, including any hormonal method or intrauterine device...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683905/acog-committee-opinion-no-735-summary-adolescents-and-long-acting-reversible-contraception-implants-and-intrauterine-devices
#13
(no author information available yet)
The phenomenon of adolescent childbearing is complex and far reaching, affecting not only the adolescents but also their children and their community. The prevalence and public health effect of adolescent pregnancy reflect complex structural social problems and an unmet need for acceptable and effective contraceptive methods in this population. In 2006-2010, 82% of adolescents at risk of unintended pregnancy were currently using contraception, but only 59% used a highly effective method, including any hormonal method or intrauterine device...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672143/adolescent-age-of-sexual-initiation-and-subsequent-adult-health-outcomes
#14
Marina Epstein, Madeline Furlong, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A Bailey, Kevin M King, Sara A Vasilenko, Christine M Steeger, Karl G Hill
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mechanisms of the association between age of sexual initiation and adult health. METHODS: Data from the Seattle Social Development Project (n = 808), in Seattle, Washington, included outcomes when participants were in their 30s (2005-2014): substance use disorders, depression, poor health, and obesity. Sexual consequence mediators included sexually transmitted infection, adolescent pregnancy, and a high number of sexual partners. We used linear logistic regression to model main effect and mediated associations...
June 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608127/the-effect-of-gestational-weight-gain-on-persistent-increase-in-body-mass-index-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Valery A Danilack, E Christine Brousseau, Maureen G Phipps
BACKGROUND: Weight retention after pregnancy is a concern for adolescents who may be entering adulthood at unhealthy weights. METHODS: We studied associations between each of three measures: prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and postpregnancy BMI in a longitudinal follow-up of an adolescent pregnancy study cohort. BMI and GWG were compared using t-tests and linear regression. RESULTS: Among 91 adolescents, mean prepregnancy BMI was 24...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582267/public-perception-of-female-fertility-initial-fertility-peak-fertility-and-age-related-infertility-among-u-s-adults
#16
Robin E Jensen, Nicole Martins, Melissa M Parks
Perceptions of fertility are thought to impact reproductive behaviors, yet little is known about how lay people conceptualize the female fertility timeline. In this research, public perception of the female fertility timeline was assessed via a national survey of U.S. adults (N = 990) ranging in age from 18 to 89 years. Although there is no scientific consensus on the makeup of the female fertility timeline, results from this research indicate that the U.S. public posits fertility onset at (approximately) 13 years, peak fertility at 22, ideal first pregnancy age at 23, too late for pregnancy at 46, and infertility at 49...
July 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527357/human-rights-versus-societal-norms-a-mixed-methods-study-among-healthcare-providers-on-social-stigma-related-to-adolescent-abortion-and-contraceptive-use-in-kisumu-kenya
#17
Miranda Håkansson, Monica Oguttu, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Marlene Makenzius
Introduction: Adolescent pregnancy represents a serious public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa, and stigmatising attitudes are contributing factors. This study investigates stigmatising attitudes related to adolescent pregnancy, abortion and contraceptive use among healthcare providers working with postabortion care (PAC) in a low-resource setting in Kenya. Methods: A mixed methods approach in a convergent design was utilised to capture attitudes related to abortion and contraceptive use among 86 (f=62; m=19) PAC providers in Kisumu, Kenya...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501987/determinants-of-adolescent-maternal-healthcare-utilization-in-bangladesh
#18
A R Sarker, N Sheikh, R A Mahumud, M Sultana
OBJECTIVES: To identify the factors associated with adolescent maternal healthcare utilization in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis was undertaken using the latest data set from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2014). Data were collected from the cross-sectional survey carried out from June to mid November 2014. In total, 17,863 ever-married women aged 15-49 years were interviewed. According to the definition of the World Health Organization, 2029 of these women were adolescents and therefore eligible for inclusion in this study...
April 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462922/differential-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-status-and-placental-transport-in-adolescent-pregnancies
#19
Fernanda Carrilho Pinto da Fonseca, Daniela de Barros Mucci, Renata Pereira Assumpção, Henrique Marcondes, Fátima Lúcia de Carvalho Sardinha, Simone Vargas Silva, Marta Citelli, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo
Adolescent pregnancy increases risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. Placental delivery of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) is essential for fetal growth and development. In this pilot study, we aimed to assess maternal and fetal status of fatty acids (FA) measured at birth and the expression of key genes involved in FA uptake, transport and metabolism in the placenta of fifteen adolescents and fifteen adults. FA were quantified by gas-liquid chromatography. Placental expression of FA transporters was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was quantified by Western Blot...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457224/factors-associated-with-nutritional-status-and-dietary-practices-of-bangladeshi-adolescents-in-early-pregnancy
#20
Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Charles D Arnold, Kathryn G Dewey
Bangladesh has a high prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, but little is known about the nutritional status and dietary practices of Bangladeshi adolescents in early pregnancy or associated factors. We used the baseline data of 1552 pregnant adolescents from a longitudinal, cluster-randomized effectiveness trial conducted in northwest Bangladesh. Forty-four percent of the adolescents were short for their age, 36% had low body mass index, 28% were anemic, 10% had iron deficiency, and 32% had vitamin A deficiency...
February 18, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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