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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#1
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292453/adolescent-pregnancy
#2
REVIEW
Heidi K Leftwich, Marcus Vinicius Ortega Alves
Adolescent pregnancy, although on the decline, represents a significant public health concern. Often adolescents present late to prenatal care, either from lack of knowledge, fear of consequences, limited access, stigma, or all of the above. Although multifaceted, there are many risks both to mother and child that are increased in adolescent pregnancy. Many are unintended and are at risk for repeat adolescent pregnancy, especially within the first 2 years. Risks include but are not limited to: low birth weight, preterm delivery, stillbirth, and preeclampsia, as well as feelings of social isolation, delayed or neglected educational goals, and maternal depression...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259004/age-dependent-role-of-pre-and-perinatal-factors-in-interaction-with-genes-on-adhd-symptoms-across-adolescence
#3
Djûke M Brinksma, Pieter J Hoekstra, Barbara van den Hoofdakker, Annelies de Bildt, Jan K Buitelaar, Catharina A Hartman, Andrea Dietrich
Little is known about the effects of risk factors on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom over time. Here, we longitudinally studied the role of candidate genes, pre- and perinatal factors, and their interactions on ADHD symptoms between ages 10 and 18 years. Subjects were part of the general population or clinic-referred cohort of the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (n = 1667). At mean ages of 11.1 (T1), 13.4 (T2), and 16.2 years (T3), ADHD symptoms were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245855/the-health-status-of-adolescents-in-ecuador-and-the-country-s-response-to-the-need-for-differentiated-healthcare-for-adolescents
#4
Joar Svanemyr, Susana Guijarro, Betzabe Butron Riveros, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: Adolescents face a range of health problems but many barriers block their access to health services, and in particular to sexual and reproductive health services. The objective of this study was to assess the health needs of adolescents in Ecuador and to draw lessons from the ways the country has responded to their need for differentiated care. METHODS: We conducted a literature review and consulted key stakeholders. RESULTS: Adolescents in Ecuador today have a wide range of health care needs, in particular related to sexual and reproductive health...
February 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176946/lower-education-among-low-income-brazilian-adolescent-females-is-associated-with-planned-pregnancies
#5
Alexandre Faisal-Cury, Karen M Tabb, Guilherme Niciunovas, Carrie Cunningham, Paulo R Menezes, Hsiang Huang
Adolescent pregnancy has social, economic, and educational consequences and is also linked to adverse perinatal outcomes. However, studies show a positive relationship between pregnancy and increased social status among low-income adolescents. This study aims to assess the association between planned pregnancy and years of schooling among low-income Brazilian adolescents. This is a secondary analysis of a cohort study conducted from May 2005 to March 2007 in public primary care clinics in São Paulo, Brazil...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168593/a-community-needs-index-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-program-planning-application-of-spatial-generalized-linear-mixed-models
#6
Glen D Johnson, Kristine Mesler, Marilyn A Kacica
Objective The objective is to estimate community needs with respect to risky adolescent sexual behavior in a way that is risk-adjusted for multiple community factors. Methods Generalized linear mixed modeling was applied for estimating teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence by postal ZIP code in New York State, in a way that adjusts for other community covariables and residual spatial autocorrelation. A community needs index was then obtained by summing the risk-adjusted estimates of pregnancy and STD cases...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095432/exploring-maternal-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-married-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-a-social-ecological-approach
#7
Asm Shahabuddin, Christiana Nöstlinger, Thérèse Delvaux, Malabika Sarker, Alexandre Delamou, Azucena Bardají, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The huge proportion of child marriage contributes to high rates of pregnancies among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Despite substantial progress in reducing maternal mortality in the last two decades, the rate of adolescent pregnancy remains high. The use of skilled maternal health services is still low in Bangladesh. Several quantitative studies described the use of skilled maternal health services among adolescent girls. So far, very little qualitative evidence exists about attitudes and practices related to maternal health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004428/residential-mobility-and-social-behaviors-of-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Brandi Parker Cotton
PROBLEM: The association between residential mobility and negative behaviors in adolescence has attracted multidisciplinary attention. METHODS: The purpose of this article is to conduct a systematic literature review in order to synthesize research that measured mobility and at least one social behavior among participants 11 thru 18 years of age. The systematic search yielded 22 studies. FINDINGS: Residential mobility is associated with negative behaviors among adolescents, including social problems, delinquency, substance and nicotine use, and adolescent pregnancy...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993244/-a-cross-sectional-study-of-school-dropout-in-adolescents-national-mental-health-survey-colombia-2015
#9
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Andrea Padilla Muñoz, Carlos Javier Rincón
INTRODUCTION: School dropout in adolescents can have negative consequences, not only for the individual and the family, but also for the society. To identify the characteristics associated with the occurrence of this event might contribute to the planning of a prevention strategy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between the individual and home characteristics and school dropout in adolescents from 12 to 17 years old in Colombia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from information taken from the results obtained in the 2015 National Mental Health Survey...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938375/effectiveness-of-a-girls-empowerment-programme-on-early-childbearing-marriage-and-school-dropout-among-adolescent-girls-in-rural-zambia-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joseph Zulu, Ecloss Munsaka, Astrid Blystad, Mpundu C Makasa, Ottar Mæstad, Bertil Tungodden, Choolwe Jacobs, Linda Kampata, Knut Fylkesnes, Joar Svanemyr, Karen Marie Moland, Richard Banda, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies pose a risk to the young mothers and their babies. In Zambia, 35% of young girls in rural areas have given birth by the age of 18 years. Pregnancy rates are particularly high among out-of-school girls. Poverty, low enrolment in secondary school, myths and community norms all contribute to early childbearing. This protocol describes a trial aiming to measure the effect on early childbearing rates in a rural Zambian context of (1) economic support to girls and their families, and (2) combining economic support with a community intervention to enhance knowledge about sexual and reproductive health and supportive community norms...
December 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929416/from-consultation-to-application-practical-solutions-for-improving-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-adolescent-aboriginal-mothers-at-a-local-level
#11
Tracy Reibel, Paula Wyndow, Roz Walker
Adolescent pregnancy has been typically linked to a range of adverse outcomes for mother and child. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have a higher proportion of adolescent births compared with other adolescent Australian women, and are at greater risk of poorer psychosocial and clinical outcomes if they are not well supported during pregnancy and beyond. Drawing on existing literature and consultations with young Aboriginal women and health professionals supporting pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia, this paper discusses the importance of creating models of antenatal care using a "social determinants of health" framework...
December 6, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926635/the-obstetrician-gynecologist-s-role-in-detecting-preventing-and-treating-depression
#12
Amritha Bhat, Susan D Reed, Jürgen Unützer
Women are at a higher risk for depression than are men, and this risk is especially pronounced at specific reproductive periods of vulnerability: adolescence, pregnancy, postpartum, and the menopausal transition. Obstetrician-gynecologists are often the health care providers who women consult during these vulnerable periods, usually presenting with conditions or complaints other than depression or anxiety. Presenting symptoms are frequently known comorbidities with depression or are risk factors for depression...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#13
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855044/-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-adolescent-in-a-high-specialty-hospital
#14
Jaime Blanquet-García, Aminta Montoya-Cázarez, Sebastián Carranza-Lira
BACKGROUND: The adolescents' pregnancy is a public health problem related to sociocultural and economic factors which compromise the mother-son binomial. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant adolescents from the hospital. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study, in which all pregnant patients between 10 and 19 years from the Hospital, during June 2012 and January 2014, were studied. The following data were collected: age, scholarship, occupation, marital status, age at beginning of sexual relations, number of sexual partners, contraceptive use and type of contraceptive method, pregnancies, parturition, cesarean section and abortions...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833070/a-systematic-review-of-apps-using-mobile-criteria-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-mcapp
#15
Elizabeth Chen, Emily Rose Mangone
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States and globally represent a high-risk population for unintended pregnancy, which leads to high social, economic, and health costs. Access to smartphone apps is rapidly increasing among youth, but little is known about the strategies that apps employ to prevent pregnancy among adolescents and young adults. Further, there are no guidelines on best practices for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention through mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: This review developed a preliminary evaluation framework for the assessment of mobile apps for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention and used this framework to assess available apps in the Apple App Store and Google Play that targeted adolescents and young adults with family planning and pregnancy prevention support...
November 10, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#16
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776073/committee-opinion-no-678-comprehensive-sexuality-education
#17
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776068/committee-opinion-no-678-summary-comprehensive-sexuality-education
#18
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766978/prevalence-and-risk-factors-related-to-preterm-birth-in-brazil
#19
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Mariza Theme-Filha, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elizabeth Moreira, Silvana Granado Gama
BACKGROUND: The rate of preterm birth has been increasing worldwide, including in Brazil. This constitutes a significant public health challenge because of the higher levels of morbidity and mortality and long-term health effects associated with preterm birth. This study describes and quantifies factors affecting spontaneous and provider-initiated preterm birth in Brazil. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national population-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743622/identifying-health-promotion-needs-among-dominican-american-adolescents
#20
Jane Dimmitt Champion, Carol F Roye
Immigration from the Dominican Republic to the United States has grown rapidly. Yet, although adolescent pregnancy and obesity are common concerns among Hispanics, little is known specifically about Dominican adolescent health. This study was undertaken to assess Dominican-American adolescents' health concerns and their perceptions about their health promotion needs. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dominican-American adolescents (N=25) were recruited in a pediatric clinic in New York City which primarily serves a Dominican population...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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