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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987728/environmental-chemicals-and-breast-cancer-an-updated-review-of-epidemiological-literature-informed-by-biological-mechanisms
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn M Rodgers, Julia O Udesky, Ruthann A Rudel, Julia Green Brody
BACKGROUND: Many common environmental chemicals are mammary gland carcinogens in animal studies, activate relevant hormonal pathways, or enhance mammary gland susceptibility to carcinogenesis. Breast cancer's long latency and multifactorial etiology make evaluation of these chemicals in humans challenging. OBJECTIVE: For chemicals previously identified as mammary gland toxicants, we evaluated epidemiologic studies published since our 2007 review. We assessed whether study designs captured relevant exposures and disease features suggested by toxicological and biological evidence of genotoxicity, endocrine disruption, tumor promotion, or disruption of mammary gland development...
October 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985919/contributing-factors-of-teenage-pregnancy-among-african-american-females-living-in-economically-disadvantaged-communities
#2
Lauren Summers, Young-Me Lee, Hyeonkyeong Lee
AIM: To identify contributing factors that increased the risk of pregnancy among African-American adolescent females living in economically disadvantaged communities and to evaluate the current pregnancy prevention programs addressing these factors in order to provide suggestions for the development of tailored pregnancy prevention programs for this target population. BACKGROUND: Pregnancy rates among adolescents in the United States have declined over the past several years...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974268/is-a-woman-s-first-pregnancy-outcome-related-to-her-years-of-schooling-an-assessment-of-women-s-adolescent-pregnancy-outcomes-and-subsequent-educational-attainment-in-ghana
#3
Adriana A E Biney, Philomena Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing pose challenges to young women's educational attainment. Studies show that while adolescent childbearing reduces educational attainment, not becoming pregnant and resorting to induced abortion when pregnant increases women's educational levels. This study examined relationships between adolescents' resolution of their first pregnancies and subsequent educational outcomes, for all women ages 20-49 years and across three age cohorts: 20-29, 30-39 and 40-49 year olds...
October 3, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962649/adolescent-deliveries-in-rural-cameroon-an-8-year-trend-prevalence-and-adverse-maternofoetal-outcomes
#4
Valirie Ndip Agbor, Clarence Mvalo Mbanga, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Adolescent deliveries remain a global public health concern especially in low- and middle-income countries where 95% of these deliveries occur. In Cameroon, adolescent pregnancies have a high disease burden due to their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to evaluate the prevalence, trend and adverse maternofoetal outcomes of adolescent deliveries in a rural community in Cameroon. METHOD: We carried out a retrospective register analysis of 1803 singleton deliveries in two health facilities located in the Oku sub-division over an 8-year period (2009 to 2016)...
September 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835911/perceptions-of-adolescent-pregnancy-among-teenage-girls-in-rakai-uganda
#5
Christina Maly, Katherine A McClendon, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Neema Nakyanjo, William George Ddaaki, David Serwadda, Fred Kakaire Nalugoda, Maria J Wawer, Erika Bonnevie, Jennifer A Wagman
The leading causes of death and disability among Ugandan female adolescents aged 15 to 19 years are pregnancy complications, unsafe abortions, and childbirth. Despite these statistics, our understanding of how girls perceive adolescent pregnancy is limited. This qualitative study explored the social and contextual factors shaping the perceptions of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth among a sample of 12 currently pregnant and 14 never pregnant girls living in the rural Rakai District of Uganda. Interviews were conducted to elicit perceived risk factors for pregnancy, associated community attitudes, and personal opinions on adolescent pregnancy...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829756/teenage-pregnancy-a-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe
#6
Fábia Carvalho, Inês de Medeiros, Catarina Faria, Djamilla Cotu, Endza Paula Will, Edgar Neves, Teresa Pontes
Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819945/adolescent-pregnancies-complications-birth-outcomes-and-the-possible-solutions
#7
Tayfur Çift, Engin Korkmazer, Muzaffer Temur, Berk Bulut, Bariş Korkmaz, Onur Ozdenoğlu, Cem Akaltun, Emin Üstünyurt
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aim to evaluate antenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes and complications of adolescent pregnancies, as well as to discuss the social and psychological consequences of these pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compare a total of 243 pregnant women at age 14-18 years to a vast control group at age 19-36 who all delivered at Bursa Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between years 2005-2014. RESULTS: Antenatal care (folic acid supplementation, pre-conception counseling) was significantly higher in adolescent pregnancy group...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#8
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#9
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709634/examining-the-role-of-the-pediatric-emergency-department-in-reducing-unintended-adolescent-pregnancy
#10
Michelle Solomon, Gia M Badolato, Lauren S Chernick, Maria E Trent, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: To determine pregnancy risk and receptiveness to emergency department (ED)-based pregnancy prevention interventions among adolescents accessing care in the ED. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey of adolescent females in a pediatric ED used to calculate the Pregnancy Risk Index, a validated measure estimating the annual risk of becoming pregnant based on recent sexual activity, contraceptive method(s), method-specific contraceptive failure rates, and interest in receipt of ED-based contraceptive services...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705166/looking-back-and-moving-forward-can-we-accelerate-progress-on-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-americas
#11
Sonja Caffe, Marina Plesons, Alma Virginia Camacho, Luisa Brumana, Shelly N Abdool, Silvia Huaynoca, Katherine Mayall, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Luis Andres de Francisco Serpa, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
Adolescent fertility rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) remain unacceptably high, especially compared to the region's declining total fertility rates. The Region has experienced the slowest progress of all regions in the world, and shows major differences between countries and between subgroups in countries. In 2013, LAC was also noted as the only region with a rising trend in pregnancies in adolescents younger than 15 years. In response to the lack of progress in the LAC region, PAHO/WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF held a technical consultation with global, regional and country-level stakeholders to take stock of the situation and agree on strategic approaches and priority actions to accelerate progress...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652838/pregnancy-outcomes-in-younger-and-older-adolescent-mothers-with-severe-preeclampsia
#12
Priscila E Parra-Pingel, Luis A Quisiguiña-Avellán, Luis Hidalgo, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers are at higher risk for preeclampsia, but the effect of their age on the outcome of the pregnancy complication is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and neonatal outcomes among singleton adolescent pregnancies complicated with severe preeclampsia in a low-income-setting hospital and compare results according to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maternal and neonatal outcomes of 213 adolescent mothers complicated with severe preeclampsia delivering at the Enrique C...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651611/adolescent-deliveries-in-semi-urban-cameroon-prevalence-and-adverse-neonatal-outcomes
#13
Tsi Njim, Valirie Ndip Agbor
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent pregnancies are high risk due to the increased probability of adverse outcomes; as adolescents are usually considered to be ill-equipped to deal with the burden of pregnancy. We sought to determine the prevalence of adolescent deliveries in a secondary-level care hospital in semi-urban Cameroon-Bamenda, the adverse neonatal outcomes and to assess if previous obstetric history could preclude adolescents from having adverse outcomes in their present pregnancy. RESULTS: The prevalence of adolescent deliveries was 8...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643995/contraception-options-and-provision-to-adolescents
#14
Cynthia L Robbins, Mary A Ott
Adolescent pregnancy is a significant cause of global morbidity and mortality. Adolescents who become pregnancy have lower educational attainment, are more likely to live in poverty, and have lower wellbeing. Increasing access to hormonal contraceptives and long acting reversible contraception is highly effective in reducing adolescent pregnancies. This narrative review covers key aspects of the provision of contraception to adolescents, including confidentiality, counseling, and data supporting expanded access to adolescents...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594949/the-nutrition-and-health-risks-faced-by-pregnant-adolescents-insights-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-bangladesh
#15
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Tina Sanghvi, Lan Mai Tran, Kaosar Afsana, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Raisul Haque, Purnima Menon
Little is known about nutrition and well-being indicators of pregnant adolescents and the availability and use of nutrition interventions delivered through maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) programs. This study compared the differences between pregnant adolescents and adult pregnant women in services received, and in maternal and child nutrition and health conditions. A survey of 2,000 recently delivered women with infants <6 months of age was carried out in 20 sub-districts in Bangladesh where MNCH program is being implemented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513341/adolescent-pregnancy-and-increasing-body-mass-index-risks-and-benefits
#16
Lony C Castro, Fauzia Nausheen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483176/-sexual-abuse-and-neglect-situations-as-risk-factors-for-adolescent-pregnancy
#17
Miguel Restrepo Martínez, Laura Trujillo Numa, Diana Restrepo Bernal, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Gloria Sierra
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, one out of five women between the ages of 15 and 19 years have been pregnant. Almost two-thirds (64%) of these pregnancies were unplanned. OBJECTIVES: To examine the socio-demographic, psychosocial and clinical risk factors associated with adolescent pregnancy. METHODS: An analytical prevalence study was performed using secondary data from the First Demographic Study of Mental Health in Medellin, Colombia. Female adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age were included in the study...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462813/characterizing-social-determinants-of-health-for-adolescent-mothers-during-the-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods
#18
Natasha R Kumar, Christina A Raker, Crystal F Ware, Maureen G Phipps
PURPOSE: Significant racial disparities and continuing poor birth outcomes make adolescent pregnancy a significant public health concern in the United States despite declining pregnancy rates. Social determinants of health are associated with increased likelihood of pregnancy and poor maternal and child health outcomes. This study aims to characterize specific elements of social determinants of health in a cohort of predominantly Latina adolescent mothers. METHODS: Between February 2007 and August 2008, 106 pregnant adolescents participated in a study with assessments at 20 to 24 weeks of gestation, and at 3 and 6 months postpartum...
September 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#19
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#20
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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