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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

LeBretia White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Jennifer E Lansford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Barri B Burrus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Janene Fluhr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Kendra King Bowes, Barri B Burrus, Sarah Axelson, Milagros Garrido, Adriana Kimbriel, Lisa Abramson, Gwenda Gorman, Angela Dancer, Terrill White, P J Beaudry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Jennifer Green, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Minggen Lu
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Power Through Choices (PTC) intervention can increase the use of birth control and reduce pregnancy among system-involved youths living in group care homes. METHODS: We performed a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial involving group care homes operated by child welfare or juvenile justice systems in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma with assessments immediately before and after the intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Kathya Cordova-Pozo, Andrea J Hoopes, Freddy Cordova, Bernardo Vega, Zoyla Segura, Arnold Hagens
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH), problems such as unplanned pregnancies are complex and multifactorial, thus requiring multifaceted prevention interventions. Evaluating the impact of such interventions is important to ensure efficiency, effectiveness and accountability for project funders and community members. In this study, we propose Results Based Management (RBM) as a framework for project management, using the Community Embedded Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents (CERCA) as a case study for RBM...
February 8, 2018: Reproductive Health
Michele Gonçalves Santana, Patricia Coelho de Velasco, Olívia Rebelo Coelho de Oliveira, Raquel Espírito Santo, Flavia Spreafico, Lívia Belcastro de Almeida, Fatima Lucia de Carvalho Sardinha, Maria das Graças Tavares-do-Carmo
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between leptin, insulin and adiponectin levels and anthropometric measurements of term newborns of adolescent and adult mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical cord plasma samples were obtained from 80 healthy term neonates (40 from teenagers and 40 from adult mothers) and adiponectin, insulin and leptin concentrations were measured. RESULTS: Cord plasma adiponectin levels were higher in the boys from adult mothers than in the boys of the adolescent (p < 0...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Rina Pradhan, Karen Wynter, Jane Fisher
Pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality are much more prevalent among adolescents than adults, particularly in low-income settings. Little is known about risk factors for pregnancy among adolescents in Nepal, but setting-specific evidence is needed to inform interventions. This study aimed to describe the prevalence, and identify factors associated with pregnancy among adolescents in Nepal between 2001 and 2011. Secondary analyses of Nepal Demographic Health Surveys (NDHS) data from 2001, 2006, and 2011 were completed...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ibrahim Yakubu, Waliu Jawula Salisu
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy has been persistently high in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this review is to identify factors influencing adolescent pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa in order to design appropriate intervention program. METHODS: A search in MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of science, and Google Scholar databases with the following keywords: determinants, factors, reasons, sociocultural factors, adolescent pregnancy, unintended pregnancies, and sub- Saharan Africa...
January 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
Hridaya Raj Devkota, Andrew Clarke, Shanti Shrish, Dharma Nanda Bhatta
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is a public health concern worldwide. There are disparities in the occurrence of adolescence pregnancy in different social groups and settings; however, few studies have focused on the contribution of a woman's caste in early pregnancy in Nepal. This study aimed to examine the association between caste and adolescent pregnancy; and investigate factors that influence this among women of Dalit and non-Dalit caste groups. METHODS: A cross sectional survey among 457 women, age between 14 and 24 years was carried out in Rupandehi district of Nepal...
January 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Maureen Norton, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Cate Lane
BACKGROUND: In 2017, of the 22.5 million parenting adolescents (ages 15-19) in 60 countries, approximately 4.1 million gave birth to a second or higher-order child. Adolescent pregnancy in general, and rapid repeat pregnancies specifically, expose young mothers and their children to multiple health and socioeconomic risks. The purpose of this article is to review the impact of interventions designed to prevent unintended, rapid repeat pregnancies among adolescents, including those aimed at changing norms to postpone "intended" closely spaced pregnancies to promote healthy spacing...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
Anne-Sophie Yussif, Anyetei Lassey, Gabriel Yao-Kumah Ganyaglo, Eva J Kantelhardt, Heike Kielstein
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, adolescents represent 22% of the total population. The rates of adolescent pregnancies are high. Of all births registered in the country in 2014, 30% were by adolescents, and 14% of adolescents aged between 15 and 19 years had begun childbearing. Pregnancies and deliveries of adolescents are accompanied by more risks as compared to older women. The aim of the study was to explore the long-term effects of adolescent pregnancies on subsequent pregnancies and births and on the socioeconomic status of the women...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
Shunji Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We examined the clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes in adolescent pregnancies in Japanese women. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective investigation of all primiparous Japanese women with singleton pregnancies who gave birth at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation aged ≤ 18 years old (adolescent pregnancy, n = 325) and aged 28-30 years old (n = 2029) at Japanese Red Cross, Katsushika Maternity Hospital between 2002 and 2016. RESULTS: The frequencies of smoking, economic problems, an unmarried single status at delivery and the start of prenatal care in the first trimester in the adolescent pregnancy group were significantly higher than in the control group (p < 0...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVES: Female family members affect both the likelihood of adolescent pregnancy and the outcome of that pregnancy. We examined the degree to which an older sister's adolescent reproductive outcomes affect her younger sister's reproductive behavior, and whether relationships in adolescent pregnancy among sisters born to adolescent mothers differ from those born to nonadolescent mothers. METHODS: We followed a birth cohort in Manitoba, Ontario, Canada, to age 20 using linkable administrative databases housed at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
Amani Thomas Mori, Linda Kampata, Patrick Musonda, Kjell Arne Johansson, Bjarne Robberstad, Ingvild Sandøy
BACKGROUND: Early marriages, pregnancies and births are the major cause of school drop-out among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa. Birth complications are also one of the leading causes of death among adolescent girls. This paper outlines a protocol for a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and an extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) of a comprehensive adolescent pregnancy prevention program in Zambia. It aims to estimate the expected costs, monetary and non-monetary benefits associated with health-related and non-health outcomes, as well as their distribution across populations with different standards of living...
December 19, 2017: Trials
Carlson-Babila Sama, Stewart Ndutard Ngasa, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Simeon-Pierre Choukem
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported on factors influencing adolescent pregnancies and the associated outcomes, but evidence from a systematic review is limited, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the greater burden lies. Establishment of accurate epidemiological data on the rates of adolescent pregnancy, its predictors, and adverse outcomes (maternal and neonatal) may have important implications towards attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals. METHODS: This will be a systematic review of studies reporting predictors of adolescent pregnancy and adverse outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa published between January 2000 and December 2017...
December 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
Felly Bakwa-Kanyinga, Edimárlei Gonsales Valério, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Cecília Ogando Alfama, Marianna Sperb, Edison Capp, Janete Vettorazzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (PE) in adolescents and to evaluate its association with risk factors for, and the occurrence of, adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. RESULTS: Of 3006 deliveries, 533 (17.7%) were from teenage mothers, with twenty-eight (5.3%) presenting PE; 17.8% of these cases were classed as severe. Vitamin and mineral supplementation was associated with the occurrence of PE (p=0.034). Puerperal complications and prematurity were more frequent in the PE group...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
Smadar Ronen, Jinhyung Lee, Parin Patel, Pooja Patel
PURPOSE: Although teenage birth rates in America have fallen to a historic low of 26.2 births per 1,000 teenagers, the U.S. remains behind the rest of the industrialized world. Adolescent pregnancy is relatively well discussed in today's literature, with ever more detailed estimates constantly emerging to quantify the cost of children born to America's teenagers. This study, however, describes the financial cost of childbirth in the U.S. with a specific focus on understanding the impact of adolescent childbirth in comparison to that of adult women and of annual childbirth as a whole...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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