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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#1
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855044/-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-adolescent-in-a-high-specialty-hospital
#2
Jaime Blanquet-García, Aminta Montoya-Cázarez, Sebastián Carranza-Lira
BACKGROUND: The adolescents' pregnancy is a public health problem related to sociocultural and economic factors which compromise the mother-son binomial. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant adolescents from the hospital. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study, in which all pregnant patients between 10 and 19 years from the Hospital, during June 2012 and January 2014, were studied. The following data were collected: age, scholarship, occupation, marital status, age at beginning of sexual relations, number of sexual partners, contraceptive use and type of contraceptive method, pregnancies, parturition, cesarean section and abortions...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833070/a-systematic-review-of-apps-using-mobile-criteria-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-mcapp
#3
Elizabeth Chen, Emily Rose Mangone
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States and globally represent a high-risk population for unintended pregnancy, which leads to high social, economic, and health costs. Access to smartphone apps is rapidly increasing among youth, but little is known about the strategies that apps employ to prevent pregnancy among adolescents and young adults. Further, there are no guidelines on best practices for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention through mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: This review developed a preliminary evaluation framework for the assessment of mobile apps for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention and used this framework to assess available apps in the Apple App Store and Google Play that targeted adolescents and young adults with family planning and pregnancy prevention support...
November 10, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776073/committee-opinion-no-678-comprehensive-sexuality-education
#5
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776068/committee-opinion-no-678-summary-comprehensive-sexuality-education
#6
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766978/prevalence-and-risk-factors-related-to-preterm-birth-in-brazil
#7
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Mariza Theme-Filha, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elizabeth Moreira, Silvana Granado Gama
BACKGROUND: The rate of preterm birth has been increasing worldwide, including in Brazil. This constitutes a significant public health challenge because of the higher levels of morbidity and mortality and long-term health effects associated with preterm birth. This study describes and quantifies factors affecting spontaneous and provider-initiated preterm birth in Brazil. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national population-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743622/identifying-health-promotion-needs-among-dominican-american-adolescents
#8
Jane Dimmitt Champion, Carol F Roye
: Immigration from the Dominican Republic to the United States has grown rapidly. Yet, although adolescent pregnancy and obesity are common concerns among Hispanics, little is known specifically about Dominican adolescent health. This study was undertaken to assess Dominican-American adolescents' health concerns and their perceptions about their health promotion needs. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dominican-American adolescents (N=25) were recruited in a pediatric clinic in New York City which primarily serves a Dominican population...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743510/barriers-to-adolescent-contraception-use-and-adherence
#9
Camille Clare, Mary-Beatrice Squire, Karem Alvarez, Julia Meisler, Candice Fraser
OBJECTIVE: The United States has the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy of the industrialized nations. Previously reported patient barriers to the use of contraception included an ambivalence about pregnancy; method side effects; difficulty using methods; lack of satisfaction with methods; concerns about safety; expense; and a lack of knowledge about long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). This survey aims to determine if there are additional barriers to contraception use and adherence among an ethnically diverse urban population...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689502/a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-positive-prevention-plus-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-program
#10
Robert G LaChausse
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of Positive Prevention PLUS, a school-based adolescent pregnancy prevention program on delaying sexual intercourse, birth control use, and pregnancy. METHODS: I randomly assigned a diverse sample of ninth grade students in 21 suburban public high schools in California into treatment (n = 2483) and control (n = 1784) groups that participated in a clustered randomized controlled trial. Between October 2013 and May 2014, participants completed baseline and 6-month follow-up surveys regarding sexual behavior and pregnancy...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689500/impact-of-two-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-interventions-on-risky-sexual-behavior-a-three-arm-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#11
Anita P Barbee, Michael R Cunningham, Michiel A van Zyl, Becky F Antle, Cheri N Langley
OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of Reducing the Risk (RTR) and Love Notes (LN) on reducing risky sexual behavior among youths yet to experience or cause a pregnancy. METHODS: The four dependent variables were ever had sex, condom use, birth control use, and number of sexual partners at 3- and 6-month follow-up in a 3-arm cluster randomized controlled trial of 1448 impoverished youths, aged 14 to 19 years, in 23 community-based organizations in Louisville, Kentucky, from September 2011 through March 2014...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689497/informing-the-evidence-base-on-adolescent-pregnancy-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-important-lessons
#12
Brian Goesling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689496/it-s-your-game%C3%A2-keep-it-real-in-south-carolina-a-group-randomized-trial-evaluating-the-replication-of-an-evidence-based-adolescent-pregnancy-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-program
#13
Susan C Potter, Karin K Coyle, Jill R Glassman, Sarah Kershner, Mary S Prince
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI)/pregnancy prevention program for middle schools implemented by school staff in South Carolina. METHODS: Twenty-four schools, representing 3143 youths, participated in a randomized trial from 2011 to 2014. Students completed surveys before programming (fall of seventh grade), after completing the 2-year It's Your Game…Keep It Real program (spring of eighth grade), and 1-year postprogram (spring of ninth grade)...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689495/building-the-evidence-to-prevent-adolescent-pregnancy-contents-of-the-volume
#14
Sarah E Oberlander, Lisa C Trivits
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689493/building-the-evidence-to-prevent-adolescent-pregnancy
#15
Evelyn Kappeler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689492/replicating-reducing-the-risk-12-month-impacts-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Meredith Kelsey, Michelle Blocklin, Jean Layzer, Cristofer Price, Randall Juras, Lesley Freiman
OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of Reducing the Risk, an evidence-based sexual health curriculum designed to help prevent adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, on youth sexual behavior and intermediate outcomes thought to lead to these behaviors. METHODS: Classes within schools in St. Louis, Missouri; Austin, Texas; and San Diego, California; were randomly assigned to receive Reducing the Risk or "business as usual." Youths completed Web-based surveys at baseline (preintervention, August 2012-January 2014) and 12 months later (August 2013-January 2015)...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689490/scalability-of-an-evidence-based-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-program-new-evidence-from-5-cluster-randomized-evaluations-of-the-teen-outreach-program
#17
Kimberly Francis, Susan Philliber, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Ashley Philliber, Roopa Seshadri, Ellen Daley
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Teen Outreach Program (TOP), a youth development and service learning program, can reduce sexual risk-taking behaviors compared with a business as usual or benign counterfactual. METHODS: We synthesized results of 5 independent studies conducted in 5 geographically and ethnically diverse locations between 2011 and 2015 with 17 194 middle and high school students. Each study cluster-randomized classes, teachers, or schools to treatment or control groups and included the students enrolled in those clusters at baseline in an intent-to-treat analysis...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689489/video-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-promises-challenges-and-future-directions
#18
Julie S Downs, Amie M Ashcraft, Pamela J Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689488/adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-programs-and-research-a-time-to-revisit-theory
#19
Eric Jenner, Sarah Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689487/challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-providing-large-scale-evaluation-technical-assistance-to-build-the-adolescent-pregnancy-evidence-base
#20
Jean Knab, Russell P Cole, Susan Goerlich Zief
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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