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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819945/adolescent-pregnancies-complications-birth-outcomes-and-the-possible-solutions
#1
Tayfur Çift, Engin Korkmazer, Muzaffer Temur, Berk Bulut, Bariş Korkmaz, Onur Ozdenoğlu, Cem Akaltun, Emin Üstünyurt
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aim to evaluate antenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes and complications of adolescent pregnancies, as well as to discuss the social and psychological consequences of these pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compare a total of 243 pregnant women at age 14-18 years to a vast control group at age 19-36 who all delivered at Bursa Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between years 2005-2014. RESULTS: Antenatal care (folic acid supplementation, pre-conception counseling) was significantly higher in adolescent pregnancy group...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#2
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#3
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709634/examining-the-role-of-the-pediatric-emergency-department-in-reducing-unintended-adolescent-pregnancy
#4
Michelle Solomon, Gia M Badolato, Lauren S Chernick, Maria E Trent, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: To determine pregnancy risk and receptiveness to emergency department (ED)-based pregnancy prevention interventions among adolescents accessing care in the ED. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey of adolescent females in a pediatric ED used to calculate the Pregnancy Risk Index, a validated measure estimating the annual risk of becoming pregnant based on recent sexual activity, contraceptive method(s), method-specific contraceptive failure rates, and interest in receipt of ED-based contraceptive services...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705166/looking-back-and-moving-forward-can-we-accelerate-progress-on-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-americas
#5
Sonja Caffe, Marina Plesons, Alma Virginia Camacho, Luisa Brumana, Shelly N Abdool, Silvia Huaynoca, Katherine Mayall, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Luis Andres de Francisco Serpa, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
Adolescent fertility rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) remain unacceptably high, especially compared to the region's declining total fertility rates. The Region has experienced the slowest progress of all regions in the world, and shows major differences between countries and between subgroups in countries. In 2013, LAC was also noted as the only region with a rising trend in pregnancies in adolescents younger than 15 years. In response to the lack of progress in the LAC region, PAHO/WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF held a technical consultation with global, regional and country-level stakeholders to take stock of the situation and agree on strategic approaches and priority actions to accelerate progress...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652838/pregnancy-outcomes-in-younger-and-older-adolescent-mothers-with-severe-preeclampsia
#6
Priscila E Parra-Pingel, Luis A Quisiguiña-Avellán, Luis Hidalgo, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers are at higher risk for preeclampsia, but the effect of their age on the outcome of the pregnancy complication is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and neonatal outcomes among singleton adolescent pregnancies complicated with severe preeclampsia in a low-income-setting hospital and compare results according to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maternal and neonatal outcomes of 213 adolescent mothers complicated with severe preeclampsia delivering at the Enrique C...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651611/adolescent-deliveries-in-semi-urban-cameroon-prevalence-and-adverse-neonatal-outcomes
#7
Tsi Njim, Valirie Ndip Agbor
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent pregnancies are high risk due to the increased probability of adverse outcomes; as adolescents are usually considered to be ill-equipped to deal with the burden of pregnancy. We sought to determine the prevalence of adolescent deliveries in a secondary-level care hospital in semi-urban Cameroon-Bamenda, the adverse neonatal outcomes and to assess if previous obstetric history could preclude adolescents from having adverse outcomes in their present pregnancy. RESULTS: The prevalence of adolescent deliveries was 8...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643995/contraception-options-and-provision-to-adolescents
#8
Cynthia L Robbins, Mary A Ott
Adolescent pregnancy is a significant cause of global morbidity and mortality. Adolescents who become pregnancy have lower educational attainment, are more likely to live in poverty, and have lower wellbeing. Increasing access to hormonal contraceptives and long acting reversible contraception is highly effective in reducing adolescent pregnancies. This narrative review covers key aspects of the provision of contraception to adolescents, including confidentiality, counseling, and data supporting expanded access to adolescents...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594949/the-nutrition-and-health-risks-faced-by-pregnant-adolescents-insights-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-bangladesh
#9
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Tina Sanghvi, Lan Mai Tran, Kaosar Afsana, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Raisul Haque, Purnima Menon
Little is known about nutrition and well-being indicators of pregnant adolescents and the availability and use of nutrition interventions delivered through maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) programs. This study compared the differences between pregnant adolescents and adult pregnant women in services received, and in maternal and child nutrition and health conditions. A survey of 2,000 recently delivered women with infants <6 months of age was carried out in 20 sub-districts in Bangladesh where MNCH program is being implemented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513341/adolescent-pregnancy-and-increasing-body-mass-index-risks-and-benefits
#10
Lony C Castro, Fauzia Nausheen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483176/-sexual-abuse-and-neglect-situations-as-risk-factors-for-adolescent-pregnancy
#11
Miguel Restrepo Martínez, Laura Trujillo Numa, Diana Restrepo Bernal, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Gloria Sierra
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, one out of five women between the ages of 15 and 19 years have been pregnant. Almost two-thirds (64%) of these pregnancies were unplanned. OBJECTIVES: To examine the socio-demographic, psychosocial and clinical risk factors associated with adolescent pregnancy. METHODS: An analytical prevalence study was performed using secondary data from the First Demographic Study of Mental Health in Medellin, Colombia. Female adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age were included in the study...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462813/characterizing-social-determinants-of-health-for-adolescent-mothers-during-the-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods
#12
Natasha R Kumar, Christina A Raker, Crystal F Ware, Maureen G Phipps
PURPOSE: Significant racial disparities and continuing poor birth outcomes make adolescent pregnancy a significant public health concern in the United States despite declining pregnancy rates. Social determinants of health are associated with increased likelihood of pregnancy and poor maternal and child health outcomes. This study aims to characterize specific elements of social determinants of health in a cohort of predominantly Latina adolescent mothers. METHODS: Between February 2007 and August 2008, 106 pregnant adolescents participated in a study with assessments at 20 to 24 weeks of gestation, and at 3 and 6 months postpartum...
April 24, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#13
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#14
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409601/preventing-unintended-adolescent-pregnancy
#15
David A Klein, Mary E Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#16
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380206/adolescent-pregnancy-and-transition-to-adulthood-in-young-users-of-the-sus
#17
Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, Aylene Bousquat, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to contextualize adolescent pregnancy from milestones associated with the process of transition from youth to adulthood. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 200 adolescents, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The sample size for the estimation of proportions has been calculated assuming a population ratio of 0.50 and 95% confidence level. The dependent variables - planned pregnancy, living with a partner, and having left the parents' house - have been considered as markers of transition from dependence to independence, from youth to adulthood...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361214/adolescent-pregnancy-and-eating-disorders-a-minireview-and-case-report
#18
Megan E Harrison, Bannuya Balasubramanaiam, Amy Robinson, Mark L Norris
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that eating disorders (EDs) during pregnancy and early child bearing can both individually increase risk to mother and child, there is a paucity of research exploring pregnancy in adolescence and concomitant EDs. CASE: We report the case of a 16-year-old female with atypical anorexia nervosa, who experiences a remission of her ED behavior during pregnancy, followed by a severe relapse in the post-partum period. CONCLUSION: In this case, pregnancy functioned as a motivator for remission in our patient with concomitant ED...
March 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#19
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292453/adolescent-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Heidi K Leftwich, Marcus Vinicius Ortega Alves
Adolescent pregnancy, although on the decline, represents a significant public health concern. Often adolescents present late to prenatal care, either from lack of knowledge, fear of consequences, limited access, stigma, or all of the above. Although multifaceted, there are many risks both to mother and child that are increased in adolescent pregnancy. Many are unintended and are at risk for repeat adolescent pregnancy, especially within the first 2 years. Risks include but are not limited to: low birth weight, preterm delivery, stillbirth, and preeclampsia, as well as feelings of social isolation, delayed or neglected educational goals, and maternal depression...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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