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"Adolescent's pregnancy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608127/the-effect-of-gestational-weight-gain-on-persistent-increase-in-body-mass-index-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Valery A Danilack, E Christine Brousseau, Maureen G Phipps
BACKGROUND: Weight retention after pregnancy is a concern for adolescents who may be entering adulthood at unhealthy weights. METHODS: We studied associations between each of three measures: prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and postpregnancy BMI in a longitudinal follow-up of an adolescent pregnancy study cohort. BMI and GWG were compared using t-tests and linear regression. RESULTS: Among 91 adolescents, mean prepregnancy BMI was 24...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582267/public-perception-of-female-fertility-initial-fertility-peak-fertility-and-age-related-infertility-among-u-s-adults
#2
Robin E Jensen, Nicole Martins, Melissa M Parks
Perceptions of fertility are thought to impact reproductive behaviors, yet little is known about how lay people conceptualize the female fertility timeline. In this research, public perception of the female fertility timeline was assessed via a national survey of U.S. adults (N = 990) ranging in age from 18 to 89 years. Although there is no scientific consensus on the makeup of the female fertility timeline, results from this research indicate that the U.S. public posits fertility onset at (approximately) 13 years, peak fertility at 22, ideal first pregnancy age at 23, too late for pregnancy at 46, and infertility at 49...
March 26, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527357/human-rights-versus-societal-norms-a-mixed-methods-study-among-healthcare-providers-on-social-stigma-related-to-adolescent-abortion-and-contraceptive-use-in-kisumu-kenya
#3
Miranda Håkansson, Monica Oguttu, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Marlene Makenzius
Introduction: Adolescent pregnancy represents a serious public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa, and stigmatising attitudes are contributing factors. This study investigates stigmatising attitudes related to adolescent pregnancy, abortion and contraceptive use among healthcare providers working with postabortion care (PAC) in a low-resource setting in Kenya. Methods: A mixed methods approach in a convergent design was utilised to capture attitudes related to abortion and contraceptive use among 86 (f=62; m=19) PAC providers in Kisumu, Kenya...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501987/determinants-of-adolescent-maternal-healthcare-utilization-in-bangladesh
#4
A R Sarker, N Sheikh, R A Mahumud, M Sultana
OBJECTIVES: To identify the factors associated with adolescent maternal healthcare utilization in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis was undertaken using the latest data set from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2014). Data were collected from the cross-sectional survey carried out from June to mid November 2014. In total, 17,863 ever-married women aged 15-49 years were interviewed. According to the definition of the World Health Organization, 2029 of these women were adolescents and therefore eligible for inclusion in this study...
March 1, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462922/differential-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-status-and-placental-transport-in-adolescent-pregnancies
#5
Fernanda Carrilho Pinto da Fonseca, Daniela de Barros Mucci, Renata Pereira Assumpção, Henrique Marcondes, Fátima Lúcia de Carvalho Sardinha, Simone Vargas Silva, Marta Citelli, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo
Adolescent pregnancy increases risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. Placental delivery of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) is essential for fetal growth and development. In this pilot study, we aimed to assess maternal and fetal status of fatty acids (FA) measured at birth and the expression of key genes involved in FA uptake, transport and metabolism in the placenta of fifteen adolescents and fifteen adults. FA were quantified by gas-liquid chromatography. Placental expression of FA transporters was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) was quantified by Western Blot...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457224/factors-associated-with-nutritional-status-and-dietary-practices-of-bangladeshi-adolescents-in-early-pregnancy
#6
Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Charles D Arnold, Kathryn G Dewey
Bangladesh has a high prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, but little is known about the nutritional status and dietary practices of Bangladeshi adolescents in early pregnancy or associated factors. We used the baseline data of 1552 pregnant adolescents from a longitudinal, cluster-randomized effectiveness trial conducted in northwest Bangladesh. Forty-four percent of the adolescents were short for their age, 36% had low body mass index, 28% were anemic, 10% had iron deficiency, and 32% had vitamin A deficiency...
February 18, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443565/a-holistic-approach-to-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention
#7
LeBretia White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443564/reward-seeking-and-self-regulation-changing-the-environment-to-prevent-adolescent-pregnancy
#8
Jennifer E Lansford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443563/decline-in-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-a-success-not-shared-by-all
#9
Barri B Burrus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443560/adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-in-group-homes-recruiting-and-retention-considerations
#10
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Janene Fluhr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443558/reducing-disparities-in-adolescent-pregnancy-among-us-tribal-youths
#11
Kendra King Bowes, Barri B Burrus, Sarah Axelson, Milagros Garrido, Adriana Kimbriel, Lisa Abramson, Gwenda Gorman, Angela Dancer, Terrill White, P J Beaudry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443557/adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-among-youths-living-in-group-care-homes-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Jennifer Green, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Minggen Lu
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Power Through Choices (PTC) intervention can increase the use of birth control and reduce pregnancy among system-involved youths living in group care homes. METHODS: We performed a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial involving group care homes operated by child welfare or juvenile justice systems in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma with assessments immediately before and after the intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422099/applying-the-results-based-management-framework-to-the-cerca-multi-component-project-in-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Kathya Cordova-Pozo, Andrea J Hoopes, Freddy Cordova, Bernardo Vega, Zoyla Segura, Arnold Hagens
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH), problems such as unplanned pregnancies are complex and multifactorial, thus requiring multifaceted prevention interventions. Evaluating the impact of such interventions is important to ensure efficiency, effectiveness and accountability for project funders and community members. In this study, we propose Results Based Management (RBM) as a framework for project management, using the Community Embedded Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents (CERCA) as a case study for RBM...
February 8, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416114/adiponectin-insulin-and-leptin-levels-in-the-cord-plasma%C3%A2-of-the-neonates-from-adolescent-and-adult-mothers-and-their-relationship-with-anthropometric-parameters-and-fetal-sex-gender
#14
Michele Gonçalves Santana, Patricia Coelho de Velasco, Olívia Rebelo Coelho de Oliveira, Raquel Espírito Santo, Flavia Spreafico, Lívia Belcastro de Almeida, Fatima Lucia de Carvalho Sardinha, Maria das Graças Tavares-do-Carmo
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between leptin, insulin and adiponectin levels and anthropometric measurements of term newborns of adolescent and adult mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical cord plasma samples were obtained from 80 healthy term neonates (40 from teenagers and 40 from adult mothers) and adiponectin, insulin and leptin concentrations were measured. RESULTS: Cord plasma adiponectin levels were higher in the boys from adult mothers than in the boys of the adolescent (p < 0...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385771/factors-associated-with-pregnancy-among-married-adolescents-in-nepal-secondary-analysis-of-the-national-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-2001-to-2011
#15
Rina Pradhan, Karen Wynter, Jane Fisher
Pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality are much more prevalent among adolescents than adults, particularly in low-income settings. Little is known about risk factors for pregnancy among adolescents in Nepal, but setting-specific evidence is needed to inform interventions. This study aimed to describe the prevalence, and identify factors associated with pregnancy among adolescents in Nepal between 2001 and 2011. Secondary analyses of Nepal Demographic Health Surveys (NDHS) data from 2001, 2006, and 2011 were completed...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374479/determinants-of-adolescent-pregnancy-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ibrahim Yakubu, Waliu Jawula Salisu
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy has been persistently high in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this review is to identify factors influencing adolescent pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa in order to design appropriate intervention program. METHODS: A search in MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of science, and Google Scholar databases with the following keywords: determinants, factors, reasons, sociocultural factors, adolescent pregnancy, unintended pregnancies, and sub- Saharan Africa...
January 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357853/does-women-s-caste-make-a-significant-contribution-to-adolescent-pregnancy-in-nepal-a-study-of-dalit-and-non-dalit-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-rupandehi-district
#17
Hridaya Raj Devkota, Andrew Clarke, Shanti Shrish, Dharma Nanda Bhatta
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is a public health concern worldwide. There are disparities in the occurrence of adolescence pregnancy in different social groups and settings; however, few studies have focused on the contribution of a woman's caste in early pregnancy in Nepal. This study aimed to examine the association between caste and adolescent pregnancy; and investigate factors that influence this among women of Dalit and non-Dalit caste groups. METHODS: A cross sectional survey among 457 women, age between 14 and 24 years was carried out in Rupandehi district of Nepal...
January 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284694/interventions-for-preventing-unintended-rapid-repeat-pregnancy-among-adolescents-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-lessons-from-high-quality-evaluations
#18
REVIEW
Maureen Norton, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Cate Lane
BACKGROUND: In 2017, of the 22.5 million parenting adolescents (ages 15-19) in 60 countries, approximately 4.1 million gave birth to a second or higher-order child. Adolescent pregnancy in general, and rapid repeat pregnancies specifically, expose young mothers and their children to multiple health and socioeconomic risks. The purpose of this article is to review the impact of interventions designed to prevent unintended, rapid repeat pregnancies among adolescents, including those aimed at changing norms to postpone "intended" closely spaced pregnancies to promote healthy spacing...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284506/the-long-term-effects-of-adolescent-pregnancies-in-a-community-in-northern-ghana-on-subsequent-pregnancies-and-births-of-the-young-mothers
#19
Anne-Sophie Yussif, Anyetei Lassey, Gabriel Yao-Kumah Ganyaglo, Eva J Kantelhardt, Heike Kielstein
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, adolescents represent 22% of the total population. The rates of adolescent pregnancies are high. Of all births registered in the country in 2014, 30% were by adolescents, and 14% of adolescents aged between 15 and 19 years had begun childbearing. Pregnancies and deliveries of adolescents are accompanied by more risks as compared to older women. The aim of the study was to explore the long-term effects of adolescent pregnancies on subsequent pregnancies and births and on the socioeconomic status of the women...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278958/clinical-significance-of-pregnancy-in-adolescence-in-japan
#20
Shunji Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We examined the clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes in adolescent pregnancies in Japanese women. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective investigation of all primiparous Japanese women with singleton pregnancies who gave birth at ≥22 weeks' gestation aged ≤18 years old (adolescent pregnancy, n = 325) and aged 28-30 years old (n = 2029) at Japanese Red Cross, Katsushika Maternity Hospital between 2002 and 2016. RESULTS: The frequencies of smoking, economic problems, an unmarried single status at delivery and the start of prenatal care in the first trimester in the adolescent pregnancy group were significantly higher than in the control group (p < ...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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