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Neuropathy and pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325737/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-neuropathic-pain-symptom-inventory-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#1
Ling-Chun Lu, Sou-Yi Chang, Chieh-Yu Liu, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a common consequence of chemotherapeutic treatments in patients with cancer. This study evaluated the validity and reliability of a Chinese version of the Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (C-NPSI) in patients with colorectal cancer and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 106 patients from a cancer center in Northern Taiwan. The C-NPSI was obtained through the translation and back-translation of the original NPSI...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321702/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#2
Özgür Bilgin Topçuoğlu, Özlem Oruç, Sema Saraç, Gülgün Çetintaş Afşar, Kayıhan Uluç
Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. It is usually associated with the compression of the median nerve in the median groove. Because the main symptoms of CTS pain and numbness worsen at night, sleep disorders in CTS patients and the impact of preferred sleeping position on CTS development have been formerly studied. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the frequency of CTS in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318638/voltage-gated-sodium-channels-nav-igating-the-field-to-determine-their-contribution-to-visceral-nociception
#3
Andelain Erickson, Annemie Deiteren, Andrea M Harrington, Sonia Garcia-Caraballo, Joel Castro, Ashlee Caldwell, Luke Grundy, Stuart M Brierley
Chronic visceral pain, altered motility and bladder dysfunction are common, yet poorly managed symptoms of functional and inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. Recently, numerous human channelopathies of the voltage-gated sodium (NaV ) channel family have been identified, which induce either painful neuropathies, an insensitivity to pain, or alterations in smooth muscle function. The identification of these disorders, in addition to the recent utilisation of genetically modified NaV mice and specific NaV channel modulators, has shed new light on how NaV channels contribute to the function of neuronal and non-neuronal tissues within the gastrointestinal tract and bladder...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316888/the-preventive-effect-of-sensorimotor-and-vibration-exercises-on-the-onset-of-oxaliplatin-or-vinca-alkaloid-induced-peripheral-neuropathies-stop
#4
Fiona Streckmann, Maryam Balke, Helmar C Lehmann, Vanessa Rustler, Christina Koliamitra, Thomas Elter, Michael Hallek, Michael Leitzmann, Tilman Steinmetz, Petra Heinen, Freerk T Baumann, Wilhelm Bloch
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and clinically relevant side effect of chemotherapy. Approximately 50% of all leukemia, lymphoma, colorectal- and breast cancer patients are affected. CIPN is induced by neurotoxic chemotherapeutic agents and can manifest with sensory and/or motor deficits. It is associated with significant disability and poor recovery. Common symptoms include pain, altered sensation, reduced or absent reflexes, muscle weakness, reduced balance control and insecure gait...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305340/evidence-from-web-based-dietary-search-patterns-to-the-role-of-b12-deficiency-in-non-specific-chronic-pain-a-large-scale-observational-study
#5
Eitan Giat, Elad Yom-Tov
BACKGROUND: Profound vitamin B12 deficiency is a known cause of disease, but the role of low or intermediate levels of B12 in the development of neuropathy and other neuropsychiatric symptoms, as well as the relationship between eating meat and B12 levels, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the role of low or intermediate levels of B12 in the development of neuropathy and other neuropsychiatric symptoms. METHODS: We used food-related Internet search patterns from a sample of 8...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304099/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-reveals-differences-in-brain-activation-in-response-to-thermal-stimuli-in-diabetic-patients-with-and-without-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#6
Juan Li, Wanying Zhang, Xia Wang, Tangmi Yuan, Peiyao Liu, Tao Wang, Le Shen, Yuguang Huang, Naishi Li, Hui You, Tixian Xiao, Feng Feng, Chao Ma
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes affects both the peripheral and central nervous systems. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in brain activity in response to thermal stimuli in diabetic patients with and without diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS: A total of 36 right-handed volunteers were enrolled: eight patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus and DPN, 13 patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus lacking DPN (NDPN patients), and 15 healthy volunteers (HV)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303395/acute-primary-angle-closure-after-periorbital-facial-procedures-report-of-four-cases-and-literature-review
#7
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Maria Sharepour, Hamed Sianati, Parya Abdolalizadeh
AIMS: To report four cases of acute primary angle closure (PAC) after blepharoplasty and forehead lifting procedures and review the previous reported cases in the literature. METHODS: Four female subjects with age range of 50-67 years developed PAC 2-5 days after blepharoplasty and endoscopic forehead lifting procedures. All presented with pain, nausea, blurred vision, red eye, and eyelid swelling. Diagnosis was delayed in the first subject because of considering the signs and symptoms as usual postoperative ones...
January 5, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299193/quetiapine-reverses-paclitaxel-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-mice-role-of-alpha2-adrenergic-receptors
#8
Alireza Abed, Mohammad Javad Khoshnoud, Mehdi Taghian, Mahbubeh Aliasgharzadeh, Azam Mesdaghinia
Objectives: Paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy is a common adverse effect of cancer chemo -therapy. This neuropathy has a profound impact on quality of life and patient's survival. Preventing and treating paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy is a major concern. First- and second-generation antipsychotics have shown analgesic effects both in humans and animals. Quetiapine is a novel atypical antipsychotic with low propensity to induce extrapyramidal or hyperprolactinemia side effects...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291292/peroneal-nerve-decompression
#9
Mark Corriveau, Jacob D Lescher, Amgad S Hanna
Peroneal neuropathy is a common pathology encountered by neurosurgeons. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and foot drop. When secondary to compression of the nerve at the fibular head, peroneal (fibular) nerve release is a low-risk procedure that can provide excellent results with pain relief and return of function. In this video, the authors highlight key operative techniques to ensure adequate decompression of the nerve while protecting the 3 major branches, including the superficial peroneal nerve, deep peroneal nerve, and recurrent genicular (articular) branches...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282807/blocking-of-cytokines-signalling-attenuates-evoked-and-spontaneous-neuropathic-pain-behaviours-in-the-paclitaxel-rat-model-of-chemotherapy-induced-neuropathy
#10
S Al-Mazidi, M Alotaibi, T Nedjadi, A Chaudhary, M Alzoghaibi, L Djouhri
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathic pain (CIPNP) is a serious dose-limiting neurotoxic effect of cancer drug treatment. The underlying mechanism(s) of this debilitating condition, which lacks effective drug treatment, is incompletely understood. However, neural-immune interactions, involving increased expression and release of cytokines, are believed to be involved. Here, we examined, in the paclitaxel rat model of CIPNP, whether plasma levels of 24 cytokines/chemokines change after paclitaxel treatment, and whether blocking of signalling of some of those cytokines would reverse/attenuate behavioural signs of CIPNP...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280313/efficacy-and-safety-of-oxycodone-naloxone-as-add-on-therapy-to-gabapentin-or-pregabalin-for-the-management-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-korea
#11
Bong-Seog Kim, Jong-Youl Jin, Jung Hye Kwon, In Sook Woo, Yoon Ho Ko, Suk-Young Park, Hye-Jeong Park, Jin Hyung Kang
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and safety of oxycodone/naloxone in patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) inadequately controlled with pregabalin or gabapentin. METHODS: This 4-week, multicenter, interventional, single-arm phase IV study included 72 Korean patients with CIPN inadequately controlled with pregabalin or gabapentin (Numeric Rating Scale 0-10; NRS ≥4 at baseline). In addition to pregabalin or gabapentin at existing doses, patients received 20/10 mg/day oxycodone/naloxone (up-titrated to 80/40 mg/day as needed)...
December 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280233/operant-self-administration-of-pregabalin-in-a-mouse-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#12
S A Bura, D Cabañero, R Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin is a first-line agent for neuropathic pain treatment whose abuse liability remains controversial. Surprisingly, studies exploring the reinforcing properties of pregabalin in operant mouse models are missing. METHODS: We evaluated the acquisition of operant pregabalin self-administration in mice exposed to a partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) or a sham operation. After surgery, mice were trained in operant boxes to intravenously self-administer pregabalin at 1...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280036/seronegative-autoimmune-autonomic-neuropathy-a-distinct-clinical-entity
#13
Elisabeth P Golden, Meredith A Bryarly, Steven Vernino
PURPOSE: Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is associated with ganglionic acetylcholine receptor (gAChR) antibodies. We describe a similar but distinct series of patients with autoimmune autonomic failure lacking this antibody. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Six patients presented with subacute autonomic failure, seronegative for gAChR antibodies. Orthostatic hypotension and gastrointestinal complaints were common. Autonomic testing revealed predominant sympathetic failure and no premature pupillary redilation...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280005/goshajinkigan-for-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Akira Kuriyama, Koji Endo
PURPOSE: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) limits the dose of chemotherapy and reduces patients' quality of life. Goshajinkigan is a Japanese herbal medicine used to alleviate neuropathy and general pain. A clinical guideline for prevention and management of CIPN stated that the prophylactic efficacy of goshajinkigan against CIPN was inconclusive. We conducted a systematic review to examine whether goshajinkigan prevents CIPN in patients receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy...
December 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279815/correlation-of-histopathology-and-clinical-symptoms-in-meralgia-paresthetica
#15
Russell A Payne, Kimberly Harbaugh, Charles S Specht, Elias Rizk
Meralgia paresthetica is a neuropathic pain disorder resulting from an entrapment neuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. This condition results in pain, paresthesias and numbness over the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. We present a case of meralgia paresthetica and discuss both the clinical and histopathological findings as they relate to one another. We report a case of meralgia paresthetica refractory to conservative treatment who underwent neurectomy with successful treatment of symptoms...
October 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279730/introducing-a-standardized-acupuncture-protocol-for-peripheral-neuropathy-a-case-series
#16
Alexandra Dimitrova
Background: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is defined as damage to the peripheral nervous system caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction. Multiple recent trials have suggested that acupuncture is beneficial for treating neuropathic pain. One challenge in acupuncture research is the lack of standardization of point selection, number of needles used, needle-retention time, needling depth, amount of needle manipulation, and use of moxibustion and electroacupuncture (EA). Objectives: This article presents a standardized acupuncture protocol for the treatment of PN that incorporates structural acupuncture principles based on proximity to peripheral nerves and on traditional approaches to the treatment of neuropathic pain...
December 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277966/role-of-inflammatory-biomarker-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#17
Heung Yong Jin, Tae Sun Park
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the most common chronic neurological complication of diabetes1 . Small and large peripheral nerve fibers may be involved in DPN. Large nerve fiber damage causes paresthesia, sensory loss, and muscle weakness and small nerve fiber damage is associated with pain, anesthesia, foot ulcer, and autonomic symptoms. However, the exact pathogenic mechanisms and diagnostic criteria for DPN are not firmly established currently. The present DPN prevention, diagnosis, and treatment strategies are incomplete and unsuccessful due to the various pathogenesis of systemic and cellular disturbance in glucose and lipid metabolism...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276736/maternal-separation-stress-leads-to-resilience-against-neuropathic-pain-in-adulthood
#18
Julien Genty, Milène Tetsi Nomigni, Fernand Anton, Ulrike Hanesch
Early life stress (ELS) leads to a permanent reprogramming of biochemical stress response cascades that may also be relevant for the processing of chronic pain states such as neuropathy. Despite clinical evidence, little is known about ELS-related vulnerability for neuropathic pain and the possibly underlying etiology. In the framework of experimental studies aimed at investigating the respective relationships we used the established ELS model of maternal separation (MS). Rat dams and neonates were separated for 3 h/day from post-natal day 2-12...
February 2018: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275119/momelotinib-versus-best-available-therapy-in-patients-with-myelofibrosis-previously-treated-with-ruxolitinib-simplify-2-a-randomised-open-label-phase-3-trial
#19
Claire N Harrison, Alessandro M Vannucchi, Uwe Platzbecker, Francisco Cervantes, Vikas Gupta, David Lavie, Francesco Passamonti, Elliott F Winton, Hua Dong, Jun Kawashima, Julia D Maltzman, Jean-Jacques Kiladjian, Srdan Verstovsek
BACKGROUND: The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor ruxolitinib is the only approved therapy for patients with symptomatic myelofibrosis. After ruxolitinib failure, however, there are few therapeutic options. We assessed the efficacy and safety of momelotinib, a JAK 1 and JAK 2 inhibitor, versus best available therapy (BAT) in patients with myelofibrosis who had suboptimal responses or haematological toxic effects with ruxolitinib. METHODS: In this randomised, phase 3, open-label trial, patients were screened for eligibility from 52 clinical centres in Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Spain, the UK, and the USA...
December 20, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274843/oxaliplatin-induced-changes-in-expression-of-transient-receptor-potential-channels-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-as-a-neuropathic-mechanism-for-cold-hypersensitivity
#20
Akiko Chukyo, Terumasa Chiba, Toshie Kambe, Ken Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi Kawakami, Kyoji Taguchi, Kenji Abe
Transient receptor potential (TRP) receptors are involved in the development of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathic pain, which is a common side effect of selected chemotherapeutic agents such as oxaliplatin. However, the precise contribution of TRPs to this condition remains unknown. Cold hypersensitivity is the hallmark of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy, so we used a preclinical model of oxaliplatin-induced cold hypersensitivity in rats to determine the effects of oxaliplatin on TRP channels. To this end, immunohistochemistry was used to examine TRP vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), and TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) expression in the rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) after 4days of oxaliplatin treatment...
December 15, 2017: Neuropeptides
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