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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776844/psychosocial-predictors-and-psychological-prevention-of-soccer-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Hela Znazen, Armin Paravlic, Fairouz Azaiez, David Tod
OBJECTIVES: To examine (a) the relationships between the psychosocial risk factors and injury rates and (b) the effects of psychological-based prevention interventions on the injury risk of soccer players. DESIGN: Scholarly electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Scopus) were searched on 1 January 2017, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies. SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We identified 13 eligible studies, including a total of 1149 injured soccer players aged between 14 and 36 years...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772779/sober-mcs-sociability-oriented-and-battery-efficient-recruitment-for-mobile-crowd-sensing
#2
Fazel Anjomshoa, Burak Kantarci
The Internet of Things (IoT) concept is aiming at being an integral part of the next generation networking services by introducing pervasiveness and ubiquitous interconnectivity of uniquely-identifiable objects. The massive availability of personalized smart devices such as smartphones and wearables enable their penetration into the IoT ecosystem with their built-in sensors, particularly in Mobile Crowd-Sensing (MCS) campaigns. The MCS systems achieve the objectives of the large-scale non-dedicated sensing concept in the IoT if a sufficient number of participants are engaged to the collaborative data acquisition process...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772772/multiplicative-effects-of-social-and-psychological-risk-factors-on-college-students-suicidal-behaviors
#3
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769084/resilience-trust-and-civic-engagement-in-the-post-ccsvi-era
#4
Shelly Benjaminy, Andrew Schepmyer, Judy Illes, Anthony Traboulsee
BACKGROUND: Scientific and financial investments in chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) research have been made to address both the hope for and scepticism over this interventional strategy for MS. Despite limited evidence in support of the CCSVI hypothesis, the funding of clinical research was responsive to a demand by the public rarely seen in the history of medicine. We characterize patient perspectives about the CCSVI research trajectory, with particular attention to its impact on other non-pharmaceutical areas of MS research with a focus on stem cell interventions...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767395/behavioral-therapy-approaches-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-up-to-date-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Kristallia Vitoula, Annalena Venneri, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Panagiota Sykioti, Joy Adewusi, Panagiotis Zis
Low back pain is one of the most common causes for seeking medical treatment and it is estimated that one in two people will experience low back pain at some point during their lifetimes. Management of low back pain includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Non-pharmaceutical treatments include interventions such as acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and psychotherapy. The latter is especially important as patients who suffer from low back pain often have impaired quality of life and also suffer from depression...
May 16, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766150/psychometrics-properties-of-the-iranian-version-of-fertility-quality-of-life-tool-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Seyedeh-Fatemeh Hekmatzadeh, Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Nazafarin Hosseini, Helen Allan, Somayeh Jalali, Zahra Abbasian, Akram Barani, Fereshteh Balochi, Saeideh Khademi, Tahereh Mahmoudi, Roghayeh Niknam, Zahra Khashavi, Seyed Abdolvahab Taghavi
Background: Clinical measurement of quality of life (QoL) for assessing reproductive problems should be considered as a standard investigation at the initial and continuing medical consultations with infertile people. Objective: The purpose of this study was comprehensive testing the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of fertility quality of life (FertiQoL). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on300 women referred to infertility clinic...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#7
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759593/electrodialytic-2-compartment-cells-for-emerging-organic-contaminants-removal-from-effluent
#8
Ana Rita Ferreira, Nazaré Couto, Paula Guedes, Joana Pinto, Eduardo P Mateus, Alexandra B Ribeiro
The present work discusses the efficiency of the electrodialytic (ED) process to remove emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) from effluent. The ED process was carried out in a cell of two-compartments (2 C-cell) with effluent in either the anode or cathode compartment, separated from the electrolyte compartment through an anion or a cation exchange membrane (AEM and CEM, respectively). As effluent destination might be soil irrigation, and having in mind the nutrient recycling, phosphorus was also monitored in the process...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755385/sex-age-and-emotional-valence-revealing-possible-biases-in-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-task
#9
Jana Kynast, Matthias L Schroeter
The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test (RMET) assesses a specific socio-cognitive ability, i.e., the ability to identify mental states from gaze. The development of this ability in a lifespan perspective is of special interest. Whereas former investigations were limited mainly to childhood and adolescence, the focus has been shifted towards aging, and psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases recently. Although the RMET is frequently applied in developmental psychology and clinical settings, stimulus characteristics have never been investigated with respect to potential effects on test performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755383/seeing-more-than-human-autism-and-anthropomorphic-theory-of-mind
#10
REVIEW
Gray Atherton, Liam Cross
Theory of mind (ToM) is defined as the process of taking another's perspective. Anthropomorphism can be seen as the extension of ToM to non-human entities. This review examines the literature concerning ToM and anthropomorphism in relation to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), specifically addressing the questions of how and why those on the spectrum both show an increased interest for anthropomorphism and may even show improved ToM abilities when judging the mental states of anthropomorphic characters...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753930/the-complexity-of-self-regulating-food-intake-in-weight-loss-maintenance-a-qualitative-study-among-short-and-long-term-weight-loss-maintainers
#11
Susanne Pedersen, Falko F Sniehotta, Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Marta M Marques, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Liisa Lähteenmäki
RATIONALE: Whether self-regulation of food intake in weight loss maintenance (WLM) differs between being a short-term maintainer (having maintained without regaining less than 12 months) and a long-term maintainer (having maintained without regaining at least 12 months) is under-researched. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the self-regulatory strategies and self-efficacy beliefs applied by short- and long-term maintainers to the complex set of behaviours comprising food intake in WLM, and to obtain a better understanding of their challenges in the various food-intake processes in WLM...
May 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753254/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-veterans-results-from-the-mind-your-heart-study
#12
Melanie B Arenson, Mary A Whooley, Thomas C Neylan, Shira Maguen, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen
Veterans with PTSD or depression are at increased risk for suicidal ideation. However, few studies have examined that risk in those with comorbid PTSD and depression, instead focusing on these disorders individually. This study investigates the association of suicidal ideation with comorbid PTSD and depression and examines the role of military and psychosocial covariates. We evaluated 746 veterans using the CAPS to assess PTSD and the PHQ-9 to measure depression and suicidal ideation. Covariates were assessed via validated self-report measures...
April 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751984/age-related-trajectories-of-social-cognition-in-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-an-exploratory-study
#13
Charlie A Davidson, Danijela Piskulic, Jean Addington, Kristen S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Thomas H McGlashan, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Carrie E Bearden, Daniel H Mathalon, Scott W Woods, Jason K Johannesen
BACKGROUND: Clinical high risk (CHR) status is characterized by impairments in social cognition, but questions remain concerning their stability over development. In cross-sectional analysis of a large naturalistic sample, the current study examined whether those at CHR status show deviant trajectories for age-related change in social cognitive ability, and whether these trajectories are influenced by treatment history. METHOD: Emotion perception (EP) and theory of mind (ToM) were assessed in 675 CHR and 263 healthy comparison (HC) participants aged 12-35...
May 8, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751561/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults-from-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Liliana Orellana
Rising life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), coupled with the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, accentuates the importance of generating information to support public health strategies. With this aim in mind, the purpose of this study was to identify correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in LMIC. We analyzed Wave 1 data (collected 2007⁻2010) from the World Health Organization’s longitudinal Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), which focuses on nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 years and older from six countries (China, n = 13,157; India, n = 6560; Mexico, n = 2301; Russian Federation, n = 3763; South Africa, n = 3836; and Ghana, n = 4305)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749634/from-automata-to-animate-beings-the-scope-and-limits-of-attributing-socialness-to-artificial-agents
#15
REVIEW
Ruud Hortensius, Emily S Cross
Understanding the mechanisms and consequences of attributing socialness to artificial agents has important implications for how we can use technology to lead more productive and fulfilling lives. Here, we integrate recent findings on the factors that shape behavioral and brain mechanisms that support social interactions between humans and artificial agents. We review how visual features of an agent, as well as knowledge factors within the human observer, shape attributions across dimensions of socialness. We explore how anthropomorphism and dehumanization further influence how we perceive and interact with artificial agents...
May 11, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745310/use-of-living-strategies-among-adults-aging-with-hiv-in-canada-comparison-by-age-group-using-data-from-the-hiv-health-and-rehabilitation-survey
#16
Kelly Kathleen O'Brien, Matthieu Dagenais, Patricia Solomon, Catherine Worthington, Soo Chan Carusone, Francisco Ibáñez-Carrasco, Steven Hanna, Jacqueline Gahagan, Larry Baxter, Gregory Robinson, Patriic Gayle, Dawn James, Tammy Yates
OBJECTIVE: To examine the type and frequency of living strategies used by adults living with HIV. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey that included 51 living strategies: maintaining sense of control, attitudes and beliefs, blocking HIV out of the mind, and social interaction. We examined the frequency of use and compared the proportion of respondents who engaged in strategies across 3 age-groups (<40 years, 40-49 years, and ≥50 years). RESULTS: Of the 935 participants, the majority were men (79%) and most (≥60%) engaged "most" or "all of the time" in healthy lifestyle strategies and maintained a positive outlook living with HIV...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744972/are-socio-emotional-and-neurocognitive-functioning-predictors-of-therapeutic-outcomes-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Anna Oldershaw, Tony Lavender, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Emotional, social, and neurocognitive factors are theorised to maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). Yet whether they predict outcomes or relate to clinical change remains unclear. METHODS: Seventy-one consecutive adult outpatient eating disorder service referrals presenting with AN, who participated in a randomised controlled trial comparing 2 psychotherapies, were assessed for emotional processing, social cognition, and neurocognition pretherapy and posttherapy...
May 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742460/low-grade-inflammation-decreases-emotion-recognition-evidence-from-the-vaccination-model-of-inflammation
#18
Leonie Jt Balter, Sasha Hulsken, Sarah Aldred, Mark T Drayson, Suzanne Higgs, Jet Jcs Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Jane E Raymond, Jos A Bosch
The ability to adequately interpret the mental state of another person is key to complex human social interaction. Recent evidence suggests that this ability, considered a hallmark of 'theory of mind' (ToM), becomes impaired by inflammation. However, extant supportive empirical evidence is based on experiments that induce not only inflammation but also induce discomfort and sickness, factors that could also account for temporary social impairment. Hence, an experimental inflammation manipulation was applied that avoided this confound, isolating effects of inflammation and social interaction...
May 6, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740360/the-importance-of-social-cognition-in-improving-functional-outcomes-in-schizophrenia
#19
REVIEW
Afzal Javed, Asha Charles
Social cognition has become recognized as an important driver of functional outcomes and overall recovery in patients with schizophrenia, mediating the relationship between neurocognition and social functioning. Since antipsychotic therapy targeting remission of clinical symptoms has been shown to have a limited impact on social cognition, there has been an increasing drive to develop therapeutic strategies to specifically improve social cognition in schizophrenia. We sought to review current evidence relating to social cognition in schizophrenia and its clinical implications, including interventions designed to target the core domains of social cognition (emotion processing, theory of mind, attributional bias, and social perception) as a means of improving functional outcomes and thereby increasing the likelihood of recovery...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735382/evidence-based-nonpharmacologic-strategies-for-comprehensive-pain-care-the-consortium-pain-task-force-white-paper
#20
Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador
Consortium Pain Taskforce White Paper Summary Evidence-based Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Comprehensive Pain Care Supplementary information can be found in the online version at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2018.02.001. Medical pain management is in crisis; from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care have prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
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