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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239300/mir-7-inhibits-progression-of-hepatocarcinoma-by-targeting-klf-4-and-promises-a-novel-diagnostic-biomarker
#1
Weizhong Wu, Sanguang Liu, Yunfei Liang, Zegao Zhou, Xueqing Liu
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs are 22-24 nt non-coding RNAs that bind to the 3' UTR of target mRNAs, thereby inducing mRNA degradation or inhibiting mRNA translation. Due to their implication in the regulation of post-transcriptional processes, the role of miRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been extensively studied. However, the function of miR-7 in HCC remains to be demonstrated. METHODS: 50 paired HCC tissues and matched peritumor tissues from patients were collected...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237823/kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-4-klf4-what-we-currently-know
#2
REVIEW
Amr M Ghaleb, Vincent W Yang
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is an evolutionarily conserved zinc finger-containing transcription factor that regulates diverse cellular processes such as cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation. Since its discovery in 1996, KLF4 has been gaining a lot of attention, after it was shown in 2006 as one of four factors required for the induction of pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Here we review the current knowledge on the different functions and roles of KLF4 in various tissue and organ systems.
February 22, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218782/tumor-suppressive-role-of-kruppel-like-factor-4-klf-4-in-colorectal-cancer
#3
D H Xiu, Y Chen, L Liu, H S Yang, G F Liu
Kruppel-like factors (KLFs) are a group of transcriptional regulators that have recently been identified to exhibit tumor-suppressive function against various gastrointestinal cancers. The present study aims to investigate the expression patterns and prognostic value of KLF-4 in colorectal cancers (CRCs). KLF-4 levels in CRC tissues were examined via immunohistochemistry analysis, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting. The chi-square test was performed to evaluate the correlation between KLF-4 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics...
February 16, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215224/the-complex-role-of-the-znf224-transcription-factor-in-cancer
#4
E Cesaro, G Sodaro, G Montano, M Grosso, A Lupo, P Costanzo
ZNF224 is a member of the Kruppel-associated box zinc finger proteins (KRAB-ZFPs) family. It was originally identified as a transcriptional repressor involved in gene-specific silencing through the recruitment of the corepressor KAP1, chromatin-modifying activities, and the arginine methyltransferase PRMT5 on the promoter of its target genes. Recent findings indicate that ZNF224 can behave both as a tumor suppressor or an oncogene in different human cancers. The transcriptional regulatory properties of ZNF224 in these systems appear to be complex and influenced by specific sets of interactors...
2017: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208647/soy-leaf-extract-exerts-atheroprotective-effects-via-modulation-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-2-and-adhesion-molecules
#5
Jong-Min Han, Hua Li, Moon-Hee Cho, Seung-Hwa Baek, Chul-Ho Lee, Ho-Yong Park, Tae-Sook Jeong
Soy-leaf extracts exert their cardioprotective effects by inducing endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the arteries, and they favorably modulate the serum lipid profile. In this study, we investigated the atheroprotective effects of an ethanol extract of soy leaf (ESL) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and high-cholesterol diet (HCD)-fed low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient (LDLR-/-) mice. ESL induced the expression of Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2), an endothelial transcription factor, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and suppressed the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) through moderate inflammatory signal activation, not only in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-stimulated HUVECs but also in 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC)-stimulated HUVECs...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197636/mir-21-and-klf4-jointly-augment-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-via-the-akt-erk1-2-pathway
#6
Chen-Hai Liu, Qiang Huang, Zhi-Yuan Jin, Cheng-Lin Zhu, Zhen Liu, Chao Wang
miR-21 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells. However, the mechanism by which this occurs remains unclear. In the present study, high throughput platform was employed to detect the genes that are differential expressed in QBC939 cells transfected with a hsa-miR-21 antagomir or control vectors. The EMT-related Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) gene was downregulated after miR-21 was knocked down. Overexpression of miR-21 upregulated KLF4, Akt, ERK and mesenchymal cell markers (N-cadherin and vimentin), downregulated the expression of epithelial cell marker E-cadherin and reduced cell migration and invasion...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192402/loss-of-klf4-and-consequential-downregulation-of-smad7-exacerbate-oncogenic-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-in-and-promote-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
H Sun, Z Peng, H Tang, D Xie, Z Jia, L Zhong, S Zhao, Z Ma, Y Gao, L Zeng, R Luo, K Xie
Hyperactivation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway is a common feature of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. However, the driver factors leading to enhanced TGF-β activity are not well characterized. Here, we explore the mechanisms that loss of Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) exacerbates oncogenic TGF-β signaling in human HCC. The expression of KLF4 and TGF-β signaling components in primary HCC and their clinicopathologic relevance and significance was evaluated by using tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry...
February 13, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188237/first-identification-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-2-mutation-in-heritable-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#8
Christina A Eichstaedt, Jie Song, Rebecca Rodríguez Viales, Zixuan Pan, Nicola Benjamin, Christine Fischer, Marius Hoeper, Silvia Ulrich, Katrin Hinderhofer, Ekkehard Grünig
Heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disease caused by mutations in the bone morphogenic protein receptor 2 gene and/or genes of its signalling pathway in about 85% of patients. We clinically and genetically analysed a HPAH family without mutations in previously described PAH genes. Clinical assessment included electrocardiogram, lung function, blood gas analysis, chest X-ray, laboratory testing, echocardiography and right heart catheterisation in case of suspected disease...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167758/microrna-10a-is-crucial-for-endothelial-response-to-different-flow-patterns-via-interaction-of-retinoid-acid-receptors-and-histone-deacetylases
#9
Ding-Yu Lee, Ting-Er Lin, Chih-I Lee, Jing Zhou, Yi-Hsuan Huang, Pei-Ling Lee, Yu-Tsung Shih, Shu Chien, Jeng-Jiann Chiu
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and microRNAs (miRs) have emerged as two important epigenetic factors in the regulation of vascular physiology. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between HDACs and miRs in the hemodynamic modulation of endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction. We found that miR-10a has the lowest expression among all examined shear-responsive miRs in ECs under oscillatory shear stress (OS), and a relatively high expression under pulsatile shear stress (PS). PS and OS alter EC miR-10a expression to regulate the expression of its direct target GATA6 and downstream vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167653/orai1-activates-proliferation-of-lymphatic-endothelial-cells-in-response-to-laminar-flow-through-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factors-2-and-4
#10
Dongwon Choi, Eunkyung Park, Eunson Jung, Young Jin Seong, Mingu Hong, Sunju Lee, James Burford, Georgina Gyarmati, Janos Peti-Peterdi, Sonal Srikanth, Yousang Gwack, Chester J Koh, Evgenii Boriushkin, Anne Hamik, Alex K Wong, Young-Kwon Hong
RATIONALE: Lymphatic vessels function to drain interstitial fluid from a variety of tissues. Although shear stress generated by fluid flow is known to trigger lymphatic expansion and remodeling, the molecular basis underlying flow-induced lymphatic growth is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to gain a better understanding of the mechanism by which laminar shear stress activates lymphatic proliferation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Primary endothelial cells from dermal blood and lymphatic vessels (BECs and LECs) were exposed to low-rate steady laminar flow...
February 6, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166199/klf6-depletion-promotes-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-in-glioblastoma
#11
A P Masilamani, R Ferrarese, E Kling, N K Thudi, H Kim, D M Scholtens, F Dai, M Hadler, T Unterkircher, L Platania, A Weyerbrock, M Prinz, G Y Gillespie, G R Harsh Iv, M Bredel, M S Carro
Dysregulation of the NF-κB transcription factor occurs in many cancer types. Krüppel-like family of transcription factors (KLFs) regulate the expression of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. Here, we report a new mechanism of NF-κB activation in glioblastoma through depletion of the KLF6 tumor suppressor. We show that KLF6 transactivates multiple genes negatively controlling the NF-κB pathway and consequently reduces NF-κB nuclear localization and downregulates NF-κB targets...
February 6, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165488/restenosis-inhibition-and-re-differentiation-of-tgf%C3%AE-smad3-activated-smooth-muscle-cells-by-resveratrol
#12
Yichen Zhu, Toshio Takayama, Bowen Wang, Alycia Kent, Mengxue Zhang, Bernard Y K Binder, Go Urabe, Yatao Shi, Daniel DiRenzo, Shakti A Goel, Yifan Zhou, Christopher Little, Drew A Roenneburg, Xu Dong Shi, Lingjun Li, William L Murphy, K Craig Kent, Jianjuan Ke, Lian-Wang Guo
To date, there is no periadventitial drug delivery method available in the clinic to prevent restenotic failure of open vascular reconstructions. Resveratrol is a promising anti-restenotic natural drug but subject to low bioavailability when systemically administered. In order to reconcile these two prominent issues, we tested effects of periadventitial delivery of resveratrol on all three major pro-restenotic pathologies including intimal hyperplasia (IH), endothelium impairment, and vessel shrinkage. In a rat carotid injury model, periadventitial delivery of resveratrol either via Pluronic gel (2-week), or polymer sheath (3-month), effectively reduced IH without causing endothelium impairment and vessel shrinkage...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155885/regulation-of-pairing-between-broken-dna-containing-chromatin-regions-by-ku80-dna-pkcs-atm-and-53bp1
#13
Motohiro Yamauchi, Atsushi Shibata, Keiji Suzuki, Masatoshi Suzuki, Atsuko Niimi, Hisayoshi Kondo, Miwa Miura, Miyako Hirakawa, Keiko Tsujita, Shunichi Yamashita, Naoki Matsuda
Chromosome rearrangement is clinically and physiologically important because it can produce oncogenic fusion genes. Chromosome rearrangement requires DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) at two genomic locations and misrejoining between the DSBs. Before DSB misrejoining, two DSB-containing chromatin regions move and pair with each other; however, the molecular mechanism underlying this process is largely unknown. We performed a spatiotemporal analysis of ionizing radiation-induced foci of p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1), a marker for DSB-containing chromatin...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153879/angiogenic-factor-with-g-patch-and-fha-domains-1-is-a-novel-regulator-of-vascular-injury
#14
Bisheng Zhou, Sheng Zeng, Nan Li, Liming Yu, Guang Yang, Yuyu Yang, Xinjian Zhang, Mingming Fang, Jun Xia, Yong Xu
OBJECTIVE: Phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells represents a hallmark event in vascular injury. The underlying mechanism is not completely sorted out. We investigated the involvement of angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 (Aggf1) in vascular injury focusing on the transcriptional regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell signature genes. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We report here that Aggf1 expression was downregulated in several different cell models of phenotypic modulation in vitro and in the vessels after carotid artery ligation in mice...
February 2, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137283/the-hunchback-temporal-transcription-factor-establishes-but-is-not-required-to-maintain-early-born-neuronal-identity
#15
Keiko Hirono, Minoree Kohwi, Matt Q Clark, Ellie S Heckscher, Chris Q Doe
BACKGROUND: Drosophila and mammalian neural progenitors typically generate a diverse family of neurons in a stereotyped order. Neuronal diversity can be generated by the sequential expression of temporal transcription factors. In Drosophila, neural progenitors (neuroblasts) sequentially express the temporal transcription factors Hunchback (Hb), Kruppel, Pdm, and Castor. Hb is necessary and sufficient to specify early-born neuronal identity in multiple lineages, and is maintained in the post-mitotic neurons produced during each neuroblast expression window...
January 31, 2017: Neural Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135607/hierarchical-transcriptional-profile-of-urothelial-cells-development-and-differentiation
#16
REVIEW
Ban Al-Kurdi
The urothelial lining of the lower urinary tract is the most efficient permeability barrier in animals, exhibiting a highly differentiated phenotype and a remarkable regenerative capacity upon wounding. During development and possibly during repair, cells undergo a sequence of hierarchical transcriptional events that mark the transition of these cells from the least differentiated urothelial phenotype characteristic of the basal cell layer, to the most differentiated cellular phenotype characteristic of the superficial cell layer...
January 27, 2017: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130078/molecular-identification-and-functional-analysis-of-klf2-in-plecoglossus-altivelis-ayu-it-s-regulatory-role-in-monocyte-macrophage-activation
#17
Xin-Jiang Lu, Qiang Chen, Jie Chen, Jiong Chen
Monocytes/macrophages (MO/MФ) play an important role in the response to infection in Plecoglossus altivelis (ayu). However, the role of transcription factors in the function of ayu MO/MФ is poorly understood. Here, we cloned the cDNA sequence of the Kruppel-like factor 2 (PaKLF2) gene from ayu. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that PaKLF2 was closest to that of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) revealed that the PaKLF2 mRNA level was highest in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells among all tested tissues...
January 24, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130053/vascular-protective-effects-of-klf2-on-a%C3%AE-induced-toxicity-implications-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Xuejun Fang, Xiaoli Zhong, Gang Yu, Si Shao, Qidong Yang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by excessive amounts of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, and cerebrovascular pathologies in AD are attracting increasingly more attention. Krüppel-like factor (KLF) 2, a transcription regulator expressed in the mouse embryonic vasculature and involved in the regulation of vascular gene expression, serves as a protective factor in endothelial cells. However, whether KLF2 is involved in neurodegenerative disease, and especially in AD, remains unknown...
January 24, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115390/inhibition-of-klf5-myo9b-rhoa-pathway-mediated-podosome-formation-in-macrophages-ameliorates-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#19
Dong Ma, Bin Zheng, Toru Suzuki, Ruonan Zhang, Chunyang Jiang, Disi Bai, Weina Yin, Zhan Yang, Xinhua Zhang, Lianguo Hou, Hong Zhan, Jin-Kun Wen
RATIONALE: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are characterized by pathological remodeling of the aortic wall. Although both increased Krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) expression and macrophage infiltration have been implicated in vascular remodeling, the role of KLF5 in macrophage infiltration and AAA formation remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of KLF5 in AAA formation and macrophage infiltration into AAAs. METHODS AND RESULTS: KLF5 expression was significantly increased in human AAA tissues and in two mouse models of experimental AAA...
January 23, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109084/mir-5195-3p-inhibits-proliferation-and-invasion-of-human-bladder-cancer-cells-by-directly-targeting-oncogene-klf5
#20
Zhangjie Jiang, Yida Zhang, Runfu Cao, Li Li, Kezhao Zhong, Qingsheng Chen, Jianjun Xiao
MiRNAs played key roles in carcinogenesis of many cancers including bladder cancer. In current study, the role of miR-5195-3p, a quite recently discovered and poorly studied miRNA, in the proliferation and invasion of human bladder cancer cells was investigated. Our data displayed that, compared with the healthy volunteers (control) and SU-HUC-1 human normal bladder epithelial cells, miR-5195-3p was sharply down-regulated in the bladder cancer patients and 5 human bladder cancer cell lines. Then, the oligo miR-5195-3p mimic or miR-5195-3p antagomir was respectively transfected into both T24 and BIU-87 bladder cancer cell lines...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
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