keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical research policy in the united states

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847626/examining-the-association-of-antidepressant-prescriptions-with-first-abortion-and-first-childbirth
#1
Julia R Steinberg, Thomas M Laursen, Nancy E Adler, Christiane Gasse, Esben Agerbo, Trine Munk-Olsen
Importance: The repercussions of abortion for mental health have been used to justify state policies that limit access to abortion in the United States. Much earlier research has relied on self-report of abortion or mental health conditions or on convenience samples. This study uses data that rely on neither. Objective: To examine whether first-trimester first abortion or first childbirth is associated with an increase in women's initiation of a first-time prescription for an antidepressant...
May 30, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727431/quality-and-importance-of-health-policy-reform-and-public-health-topics-a-study-in-physician-assistant-education
#2
Frances M Angerer-Fuenzalida
PURPOSE: As key players in a changing US health care system, physician assistants (PAs) must be prepared to act with a clear understanding of health policy as reform changes are enacted. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of graduating PA students about the importance of health policy, reform, and public health and their perception of their preparedness in these areas. The research question was: Do PA students identify these topic areas as important, and, for each topic area, do they feel adequately prepared with sufficient knowledge for clinical practice? METHODS: Participants in the study included 352 PA students from 14 PA programs randomly selected from 4 geographic regions of the continental United States...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727316/gun-violence-two-medical-students-hometown-connection-to-this-public-health-crisis
#3
Nicholas O Kuhl, Monica P Lieberman
The school shooting in Parkland, Florida in February 2018 left 17 people dead and countless other children and teachers with physical and psychological trauma that will require decades of healing. As Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School alumni and current medical students, the authors of this Invited Commentary contend that they are in a unique position to advocate on behalf of their neighbors, classmates, and future patients. Since the authors began medical school in 2015, there have been 19 mass shootings in the United States resulting in 253 deaths...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723059/improving-expanded-access-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-the-institutional-review-board
#4
Kelly McBride Folkers, Alison Bateman-House
BACKGROUND: The FDA allows patients with a serious or immediately life-threatening illness to use investigational medical products outside of clinical trials through its "expanded access" program. In response to criticism that the process to apply for expanded access is too onerous, numerous changes have been made over the last few years. These have been largely focused on the FDA and the pharmaceutical industry, while institutional review boards (IRBs)-which must approve expanded access protocols, except in emergencies when there is not time to do so-have remained relatively unstudied...
May 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717685/a-bibliometric-profile-of-disaster-medicine-research-from-2008-to-2017-a-scientometric-analysis
#5
Liang Zhou, Ping Zhang, Zhigang Zhang, Lidong Fan, Shuo Tang, Kunpeng Hu, Nan Xiao, Shuguang Li
ABSTRACTThis study analyzed and assessed publication trends in articles on "disaster medicine," using scientometric analysis. Data were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) of Thomson Reuters on March 27, 2017. A total of 564 publications on disaster medicine were identified. There was a mild increase in the number of articles on disaster medicine from 2008 (n=55) to 2016 (n=83). Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness published the most articles, the majority of articles were published in the United States, and the leading institute was Tohoku University...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702746/four-food-and-drug-administration-draft-guidance-documents-and-the-regrow-act-a-litmus-test-for-future-changes-in-human-cell-and-tissue-based-products-regulatory-policy-in-the-united-states
#6
REVIEW
Kazuo Yano, Alessondra T Speidel, Masayuki Yamato
Modern regenerative medicine research has expanded well past the development of traditional drugs and medical devices with many promising new therapies encompassing an increasingly diverse range of substances, notably cell-based therapies. These substantial recent developments and the progress in the health care and therapeutics fields necessitate a new regulatory framework agile enough to accommodate these unique therapies and acknowledge their differences with traditional pharmaceuticals. In the United States, recent proposed changes in the regulatory framework for autologous human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products (HCT/Ps) and their perceived risk-benefit analysis for patients remain controversial in the scientific field...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698120/use-of-free-libre-open-source-software-in-sepsis-omics-research-a-bibliometric-comparative-analysis-among-the-united-states-eu-28-member-states-and-china
#7
Nikolaos Evangelatos, Kapaettu Satyamourthy, Georgia Levidou, Helmut Brand, Pia Bauer, Christina Kouskouti, Angela Brand
"-Omics" systems sciences are at the epicenter of personalized medicine and public health, and drivers of knowledge-based biotechnology innovation. Bioinformatics, a core component of omics research, is one of the disciplines that first employed Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS), and thus provided a fertile ground for its further development. Understanding the use and characteristics of FLOSS deployed in the omics field is valuable for future innovation strategies, policy and funding priorities...
May 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690594/outpatient-mental-health-treatment-utilization-and-military-career-impact-in-the-united-states-marine-corps
#8
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Jessica M LaCroix, Kari Koss, Kanchana U Perera, Anderson Rowan, Marcus R VanSickle, Laura A Novak, Theresa H Trieu
Service members (SM) are at increased risk of psychiatric conditions, including suicide, yet research indicates SMs believe seeking mental health treatment may negatively impact their military careers, despite a paucity of research examining actual career impacts. This study examined the link between seeking outpatient mental health (MH) treatment and military career impacts within the United States Marine Corps. In Phase 1, a retrospective medical record review of outpatient MH treatment-seeking Marines ( N = 38) was conducted...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657545/uninsured-migrants-health-insurance-coverage-and-access-to-care-among-mexican-return-migrants
#9
Joshua Wassink
Background: Despite an expansive body of research on health and access to medical care among Mexican immigrants in the United States, research on return migrants focuses primarily on their labor market mobility and contributions to local development. Objective: Motivated by recent scholarship that documents poor mental and physical health among Mexican return migrants, this study investigates return migrants' health insurance coverage and access to medical care...
2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#10
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569639/a-holistic-assessment-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-the-synthesis-of-horsepox-virus
#11
Diane DiEuliis, Gigi Kwik Gronvall
The re-creation of horsepox virus, an extinct orthopoxvirus with similarity to smallpox virus, has caused concerns in the biosecurity and biodefense communities that the technical capabilities achieved could advance the re-creation of smallpox virus by nefarious actors. The work is now published. While the authors went through due biosecurity diligence at their research institution and with the proper Canadian federal authorities, now that the experiments have been published, there is an opportunity to discuss the dual use risks and benefits of the research itself, as well as those associated with publication of such research-all of which challenge current policies...
March 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567626/trends-in-and-correlates-of-medical-marijuana-use-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#12
Beth Han, Wilson M Compton, Carlos Blanco, Christopher M Jones
BACKGROUND: Trends in and correlates of medical marijuana use are important to inform ongoing clinical, research, policy, and programmatic efforts. This study assessed trends in and correlates of medical marijuana use among U.S. adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from approximately 147,200 U.S. civilians aged 18 or older who participated in the 2013-2015 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Descriptive analyses, multivariable logistic regressions, and zero-truncated native binomial regressions were applied...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562792/paracetamol-treatment-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-practice-and-attitudes-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#13
L A Dowd, B J Wheeler, H S Al-Sallami, R S Broadbent, L K Edmonds, N J Medlicott
AIM: To describe the current clinical practices and attitudes of neonatologists towards paracetamol treatment of PDA in Australia (AU) and New Zealand (NZ). METHOD: A web-based survey of all neonatologists registered under the 2017 Australia New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) was conducted. RESULTS: The response rate for the survey was 67%, (141/210). Of those respondents, 37% stated their unit had a written policy outlining how to treat patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557719/education-outcomes-in-a-duty-hour-flexibility-trial-in-internal-medicine
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sanjay V Desai, David A Asch, Lisa M Bellini, Krisda H Chaiyachati, Manqing Liu, Alice L Sternberg, James Tonascia, Alyssa M Yeager, Jeremy M Asch, Joel T Katz, Mathias Basner, David W Bates, Karl Y Bilimoria, David F Dinges, Orit Even-Shoshan, David M Shade, Jeffrey H Silber, Dylan S Small, Kevin G Volpp, Judy A Shea
BACKGROUND: Concern persists that inflexible duty-hour rules in medical residency programs may adversely affect the training of physicians. METHODS: We randomly assigned 63 internal medicine residency programs in the United States to be governed by standard duty-hour policies of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) or by more flexible policies that did not specify limits on shift length or mandatory time off between shifts. Measures of educational experience included observations of the activities of interns (first-year residents), surveys of trainees (both interns and residents) and faculty, and intern examination scores...
April 19, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538110/repeal-and-replace-a-note-of-caution-for-medical-school-curriculum-reformers
#15
Carl D Stevens
The sudden, dramatic collapse of the seven-year struggle in Congress to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act holds important lessons for all would-be reformers, including those advocating fundamental changes in medical education. In this Invited Commentary, the author draws parallels between reform initiatives in health policy and those in medical education, highlighting that, in both settings, stakeholders rarely support "repeal" in the absence of a superior replacement, even when they view the status quo as deeply flawed...
March 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530105/a-descriptive-analysis-of-care-provided-by-law-enforcement-prior-to-ems-arrival-in-the-united-states
#16
Aaron B Klassen, S Brent Core, Christine M Lohse, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
Study Objectives Law enforcement is increasingly viewed as a key component in the out-of-hospital chain of survival, with expanded roles in cardiac arrest, narcotic overdose, and traumatic bleeding. Little is known about the nature of care provided by law enforcement prior to the arrival of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) assets. The purpose of the current study was to perform a descriptive analysis of events reported to a national EMS database. METHODS: This study was a descriptive analysis of the 2014 National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public release research data set, containing EMS emergency response data from 41 states...
April 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485328/national-systematic-legal-review-of-state-policies-on-emergency-medical-services-licensure-levels-authority-to-administer-opioid-antagonists
#17
Jeremiah M Kinsman, Kathy Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research conducted in November 2013 found there were a limited number of states and territories in the United States (US) that authorize emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and emergency medical responders (EMRs) to administer opioid antagonists. Given the continued increase in the number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths, many states have changed their policies to authorize EMTs and EMRs to administer opioid antagonists. The goal of this study is to provide an updated description of policy on EMS licensure levels' authority to administer opioid antagonists for all 50 US states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR)...
February 27, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444788/assessment-of-the-societal-and-individual-preferences-for-fertility-treatment-in-australia-study-protocol-for-stated-preference-discrete-choice-experiments
#18
Willings Botha, Natasha Donnolley, Marian Shanahan, Georgina M Chambers
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, societal and individual preferences for funding fertility treatment remain largely unknown. This has resulted in a lack of evidence about willingness to pay (WTP) for fertility treatment by either the general population (the funders) or infertile individuals (who directly benefit). Using a stated preference discrete choice experiment (SPDCE) approach has been suggested as a more appropriate method to inform economic evaluations of fertility treatment. We outline the protocol for an ongoing study which aims to assess fertility treatment preferences of both the general population and infertile individuals, and indirectly estimate their WTP for fertility treatment...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373216/an-update-on-fatalities-due-to-venomous-and-nonvenomous-animals-in-the-united-states-2008-2015
#19
Jared A Forrester, Thomas G Weiser, Joseph D Forrester
INTRODUCTION: To review recent (2008-2015) United States mortality data from deaths caused by nonvenomous and venomous animals and compare with historical data. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database was queried to return all animal-related fatalities between 2008 and 2015. Mortality frequencies for animal-related fatalities were calculated using the estimated 2011 United States population...
March 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280752/medical-graduates-truthful-and-useful-analytics-with-big-data-and-the-art-of-persuasion
#20
Des Gorman, T Michael Kashner
The authors propose that the provision of state-of-the-art, effective, safe, and affordable health care requires medical school graduates not only to be competent practitioners and scientists, but also to be policy makers and professional leaders. To meet this challenge in the era of big data and cloud computing, these graduates must be able to understand and critically interpret analyses of large, observational datasets from electronic health records, third party claims files, surveys, and epidemiologic health datasets...
December 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
keyword
keyword
111834
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"