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Pentapeptide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641563/pentapeptide-prosequence-enhances-expression-and-structure-folding-of-recombinant-thermomyces-lanuginosus-lipase-in-pichia-pastoris
#1
Haiying Cai, Minjie Zhao, Yang Li, Jianwei Mao, Chenggang Cai, Fengqin Feng
Propeptides have been demonstrated to influence many properties of their mature proteins as intramolecular chaperones. In our study, the role of pentapeptide prosequence of Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) was determined through its effect on the recombinant expression of TLL in P. pastoris. The result showed that the average lipase activity of recombinant strains GS-pTL reached 434.32 U/mL, higher than that of GS-TL 377.71 U/mL, indicating that the propeptide "SPIRR-" sequence is beneficial for enhancing TLL expression...
June 21, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636317/downsizing-proto-oncogene-cfos-to-short-helix-constrained-peptides-that-bind-jun
#2
Daniel Baxter, Samuel R Perry, Timothy A Hill, W Mei Kok, Nathan R Zaccai, R Leo Brady, David P Fairlie, Jody M Mason
The oncogenic transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a DNA-binding protein that assembles through dimerization of Fos and Jun protein subunits, their leucine-rich helical sequences entwining into a coiled-coil structure. This study reports on downsizing the proto-oncogene cFos protein (380 residues) to shorter peptides (37-25 residues) modified with helix-inducing constraints to enhance binding to Jun. A crystal structure is reported for a 37-residue Fos-derived peptide (FosW) bound to Jun. This guided iterative downsizing of FosW to shorter peptide sequences that were constrained into stable water-soluble α-helices by connecting amino acid side chains to form cyclic pentapeptide components...
June 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605901/graphite-templated-amyloid-nanostructures-formed-by-a-potential-pentapeptide-inhibitor-for-alzheimer-s-disease-a-combined-study-of-real-time-atomic-force-microscopy-and-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#3
Na Li, Hyunbum Jang, Ming Yuan, Wanrong Li, Xiaolin Yun, Joon Lee, Qiqige Du, Ruth Nussinov, Jiahua Hou, Ratnesh Lal, Feng Zhang
Self-assembly of peptides is closely related to many diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and prion diseases. Understanding the basic mechanism of this assembly is essential for designing ultimate cure and preventive measures. Template-assisted self-assembly (TASA) of peptides on inorganic substrates can provide fundamental understanding of substrate-dependent peptides assemble, including the role of hydrophobic interface on the peptide fibrillization. Here, we have studied the self-assembly process of a potential pentapeptide inhibitor on the surface of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) using real time atomic force microscopy (RT-AFM) as well as molecular dynamics (MD) simulation...
June 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595067/pentapeptides-for-the-treatment-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-optimisation-by-n-ind-alkyl-modification-of-the-tryptophan-side-chain
#4
Osama Haitham Abusara, Sally Freeman, Harmesh Singh Aojula
The pentapeptide, tert-Prenyl(4th)-NH2 (DMePhe-DTrp-Phe-DTrp(N-tert-prenyl)-Leu-NH2), has recently been reported by our group to exhibit properties of substance P (SP) antagonist G against small cell lung cancer (SCLC). In this study, we undertook a systematic structure activity investigation to optimise this lead compound to improve its in vitro anti-tumour activity and biocompatibility. A series of d-tryptophan (D-Trp) derivatives were synthesised, with a range of aliphatic N-alkyl chains (methyl to pentyl) on the indole nitrogen (N(ind))...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594555/effect-of-aging-on-the-absorption-of-small-peptides-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#5
Vu Thi Hanh, Weilin Shen, Mitsuru Tanaka, Aino E Siltari, Riita A Korpela, Toshiro Matsui
In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of aging on the absorption of small peptides in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Three kinds of dipeptides, glycyl-sarcosine (Gly-Sar), Trp-His, and captopril (a dipeptidomimetic drug), a Gly-Sar-Sar tripeptide, a Gly-Sar-Sar-Sar tetrapeptide, and a Gly-Sar-Sar-Sar-Sar pentapeptide were administered at doses of 10 mg/kg each to 8- and 40-week-old SHRs. The peptides were all detected in their intact forms in the blood. There was a significantly promoted absorption of di-/tripeptides in aged SHRs compared with young SHRs...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587787/importance-of-n-and-c-terminal-residues-of-substance-p-1-7-for-alleviating-allodynia-in-mice-after-peripheral-administration
#6
Anna Skogh, Anna Lesniak, Fabienne Z Gaugaz, Richard Svensson, Gunnar Lindeberg, Rebecca Fransson, Fred Nyberg, Mathias Hallberg, Anja Sandström
The heptapeptide SP1-7 (1, Arg(1)-Pro(2)-Lys(3)-Pro(4)-Gln(5)-Gln(6)-Phe(7)) is the major bioactive metabolite formed after proteolytic processing of the neuropeptide substance P (SP, Arg(1)-Pro(2)-Lys(3)-Pro(4)-Gln(5)-Gln(6)-Phe(7)-Phe(8)-Gly(9)-Leu(10)-Met(11)-NH2). The heptapeptide 1 frequently exhibits opposite effects to those induced by SP, such as exerting antinociception, or attenuating thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia. The heptapeptide SP1-7 amide (2, Arg(1)-Pro(2)-Lys(3)-Pro(4)-Gln(5)-Gln(6)-Phe(7)-NH2) is often more efficacious than 1 in experimental pain models...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580552/ability-of-t1-lipase-to-degrade-amorphous-p-3hb-structural-and-functional-study
#7
Rauda A Mohamed, Abu Bakar Salleh, Adam Thean Chor Leow, Normi M Yahaya, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
An enzyme with broad substrate specificity would be an asset for industrial application. T1 lipase apparently has the same active site residues as polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) depolymerase. Sequences of both enzymes were studied and compared, and a conserved lipase box pentapeptide region around the nucleophilic serine was detected. The alignment of 3-D structures for both enzymes showed their active site residues were well aligned with an RMSD value of 1.981 Å despite their sequence similarity of only 53...
June 3, 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560271/data-from-docking-simulations-to-develop-an-efficient-strategy-able-to-evaluate-the-interactions-between-rage-and-mda-induced-albumin-adducts
#8
Angelica Mazzolari, Crescenzo Coppa, Alessandra Altomare, Genny Degani, Giulio Vistoli
This data article contains the results of docking simulations performed in order to develop a suitable in silico strategy able to assess the stability of the putative complexes between RAGE and MDA induced adducts on human albumin as experimentally determined doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2016.12.017, (Degani et al., 2017) [1]. The docking simulations involved different approaches to give a simplified yet realistic representation of the protein adducts and their environment. With increasing complexity, simulations involved the corresponding albumin tripeptides and pentapeptides with the modified residue in the central position as well as pseudo-structures which were generated by collecting the albumin residues around the adducted residue within a sphere of 7...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538145/nmr-analysis-of-amide-hydrogen-exchange-rates-in-a-pentapeptide-repeat-protein-from-a-%C3%A2-thaliana
#9
Shenyuan Xu, Shuisong Ni, Michael A Kennedy
At2g44920 from Arabidopsis thaliana is a pentapeptide-repeat protein (PRP) composed of 25 repeats capped by N- and C-terminal α-helices. PRP structures are dominated by four-sided right-handed β-helices typically consisting of mixtures of type II and type IV β-turns. PRPs adopt repeated five-residue (Rfr) folds with an Rfr consensus sequence (STAV)(D/N)(L/F)(S/T/R)(X). Unlike other PRPs, At2g44920 consists exclusively of type II β-turns. At2g44920 is predicted to be located in the thylakoid lumen although its biochemical function remains unknown...
May 23, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531287/bacterial-rna-polymerase-caps-rna-with-various-cofactors-and-cell-wall-precursors
#10
Christina Julius, Yulia Yuzenkova
Bacterial RNA polymerase is able to initiate transcription with adenosine-containing cofactor NAD+, which was proposed to result in a portion of cellular RNAs being 'capped' at the 5΄ end with NAD+, reminiscent of eukaryotic cap. Here we show that, apart from NAD+, another adenosine-containing cofactor FAD and highly abundant uridine-containing cell wall precursors, UDP-Glucose and UDP-N-acetylglucosamine are efficiently used to initiate transcription in vitro. We show that the affinity to NAD+ and UDP-containing factors during initiation is much lower than their cellular concentrations, and that initiation with them stimulates promoter escape...
May 22, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527999/nanocellulose-collagen-apatite-composite-associated-with-osteogenic-growth-peptide-for-bone-regeneration
#11
Sybele Saska, Lucas Novaes Teixeira, Larissa Moreira Spinola de Castro Raucci, Raquel Mantuaneli Scarel-Caminaga, Leonardo Pereira Franchi, Raquel Alves Dos Santos, Silvia Helena Santagneli, Marisa Veiga Capela, Paulo Tambasco de Oliveira, Catarina Satie Takahashi, Ana Maria Minarelli Gaspar, Younès Messaddeq, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro, Reinaldo Marchetto
Despite advances in the field of biomaterials for bone repair/regeneration, some challenges for developing an ideal bone substitute need to be overcome. Herein, this study synthesized and evaluated in vitro a nanocomposite based on bacterial cellulose (BC), collagen (COL), apatite (Ap) and osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) or its C-terminal pentapeptide [OGP(10-14)] for bone regeneration purposes. The BC-COL nanocomposites were successfully obtained by carbodiimide-mediated coupling as demonstrated by spectroscopy analysis...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497137/identification-of-two-novel-antioxidant-peptides-from-edible-bird-s-nest-aerodramus-fuciphagus-protein-hydrolysates
#12
Masomeh Ghassem, Keizo Arihara, Salimeh Mohammadi, Norrakiah Abdullah Sani, Abdul Salam Babji
Edible bird's nest (EBN) is widely consumed as a delicacy and traditional medicine amongst the Chinese. In the present study, for the first time, the antioxidant properties of an EBN pepsin-trypsin hydrolysate of the swiftlet species Aerodramus fuciphagus and its ultrafiltration fractions were investigated. Thirteen peptides with molecular weights between 514.29 and 954.52 Da were identified in the EBN fraction with the use of mass spectrometry. Two novel pentapeptides Pro-Phe-His-Pro-Tyr and Leu-Leu-Gly-Asp-Pro, corresponding to f134-138 and f164-168 of cytochrome b of A...
May 24, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462989/developing-targeted-hybrid-imaging-probes-by-chelator-scaffolding
#13
Dominik Summer, Leo Grossrubatscher, Milos Petrik, Tereza Michalcikova, Zbynek Novy, Christine Rangger, Maximilian Klingler, Hubertus Haas, Piriya Kaeopookum, Elisabeth von Guggenberg, Roland Haubner, Clemens Decristoforo
Positron emission tomography (PET) as well as optical imaging (OI) with peptide receptor targeting probes have proven their value for oncological applications but also show restrictions depending on the clinical field of interest. Therefore, the combination of both methods, particularly in a single molecule, could improve versatility in clinical routine. This proof of principle study aims to show that a chelator, Fusarinine C (FSC), can be utilized as scaffold for novel dimeric dual-modality imaging agents...
June 21, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452577/novel-nano-sized-liposome-encapsulated-polyamidoamine-dendrimer-derivatives-facilitate-tumour-targeting-by-overcoming-the-polyethylene-glycol-dilemma-and-integrin-saturation-obstacle
#14
Gang Li, Yan-Zhi Song, Zhen-Jun Huang, Kang Chen, Da-Wei Chen, Yi-Hui Deng
Drug delivery systems (DDSs) commonly employ arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides with polyethylene glycol (PEG)-dependent enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect to optimise tumour-targeting. However, the PEG dilemma and integrin saturation obstacle are major challenges. To address these issues, we constructed a novel, nano-sized DDS by encapsulating doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded folic acid derivatives of polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM G5.0) in cyclic RGD-tyrosine-lysine pentapeptide (c[RGDyK])-modified liposomes (RGD-SL[FND/DOX]), prepared using thin-film hydration, film-dispersion and hydration-sonication...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445034/dual-in-tether-chiral-centers-modulate-peptide-helicity
#15
Kuan Hu, Chengjie Sun, Mengying Yu, Wenjun Li, Huacan Lin, Jialin Guo, Yixiang Jiang, Chengxiang Lei, Zigang Li
The facile chemical modification on the peptide cross-linking moiety is an important strategy for improving the physicochemical properties of a peptide. Herein, peptides were constrained into helical conformations via the synergistic effects of dual in-tether chiral centers. A pentapeptide minimalistic model was used to determine the correlation between the absolute configurations of the dual in-tether chiral centers and the secondary structures of the peptides. This strategy provides an on-tether modification site that does not interrupt the secondary structure of the peptide...
May 4, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435840/microbial-flora-probiotics-bacillus-subtilis-and-the-search-for-a-long-and-healthy-human-longevity
#16
COMMENT
Facundo Rodriguez Ayala, Carlos Bauman, Sebastián Cogliati, Cecilia Leñini, Marco Bartolini, Roberto Grau
Probiotics are live microorganisms that have beneficial effects on host health, including extended lifespan, when they are administered or present in adequate quantities. However, the mechanisms by which probiotics stimulate host longevity remain unclear and very poorly understood. In a recent study (Nat. Commun. 8, 14332 (2017) doi: 10.1038/ncomms14332), we used the spore-forming probiotic bacterium Bacillus subtilis and the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans to study the mechanism by which a probiotic bacterium affects host longevity...
March 16, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435448/inhibition-of-platelet-function-using-liposomal-nanoparticles-blocks-tumor-metastasis
#17
Yinlong Zhang, Jingyan Wei, Shaoli Liu, Jing Wang, Xuexiang Han, Hao Qin, Jiayan Lang, Keman Cheng, Yiye Li, Yingqiu Qi, Greg J Anderson, Saraswati Sukumar, Suping Li, Guangjun Nie
Extensive evidence has shown that platelets support tumor metastatic progression by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition of cancer cells and by shielding circulating tumor cells from immune-mediated elimination. Therefore, blocking platelet function represents a potential new avenue for therapy focused on eliminating metastasis. Here we show that liposomal nanoparticles bearing the tumor-homing pentapeptide CREKA (Cys-Arg-Glu-Lys-Ala) can deliver a platelet inhibitor, ticagrelor, into tumor tissues to specifically inhibit tumor-associated platelets...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429734/neuroprotective-pentapeptide-cn-105-is-associated-with-reduced-sterile-inflammation-and-improved-functional-outcomes-in-a-traumatic-brain-injury-murine-model
#18
Daniel T Laskowitz, Haichen Wang, Tony Chen, David T Lubkin, Viviana Cantillana, Tian Ming Tu, Dawn Kernagis, Guanen Zhou, Gary Macy, Bradley J Kolls, Hana N Dawson
At present, there are no proven pharmacological treatments demonstrated to improve long term functional outcomes following traumatic brain injury(TBI). In the setting of non-penetrating TBI, sterile brain inflammatory responses are associated with the development of cerebral edema, intracranial hypertension, and secondary neuronal injury. There is increasing evidence that endogenous apolipoprotein E(apoE) modifies the neuroinflammatory response through its role in downregulating glial activation, however, the intact apoE holoprotein does not cross the blood-brain barrier due to its size...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406232/peptidoglycan-o-acetylation-increases-in-response-to-vancomycin-treatment-in-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis
#19
James D Chang, Erin E Foster, Ashley G Wallace, Sung Joon Kim
Vancomycin resistance is conferred upon vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) through the replacement of peptidoglycan (PG) stem terminal d-Ala-d-Ala with d-Ala-d-Lac. The d-Ala-d-Lac incorporation can affect both the fitness and virulence of VRE. Here we comprehensively investigate the changes to PG composition in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis following the growth in presence of vancomycin using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry, 104 unique muropeptides fragments were identified and the relative abundance of each fragment was accurately quantified by integrating the ion current of a selected ion using extracted-ion chromatogram...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398740/structural-reassignment-and-absolute-stereochemistry-of-madurastatin-c1-mbj-0034-and-the-related-aziridine-siderophores-madurastatins-a1-b1-and-mbj-0035
#20
Andrew R Tyler, Hamed Mosaei, Stephanie Morton, Paul G Waddell, Corinne Wills, William McFarlane, Joe Gray, Michael Goodfellow, Jeff Errington, Nick Allenby, Nikolay Zenkin, Michael J Hall
The madurastatins are pentapeptide siderophores originally described as containing an unusual salicylate-capped N-terminal aziridine ring. Isolation of madurastatin C1 (1) (also designated MBJ-0034), from Actinomadura sp. DEM31376 (itself isolated from a deep sea sediment), prompted structural reevaluation of the madurastatin siderophores, in line with the recent work of Thorson and Shaaban. NMR spectroscopy in combination with partial synthesis allowed confirmation of the structure of madurastatin C1 (1) as containing an N-terminal 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)oxazoline in place of the originally postulated aziridine, while absolute stereochemistry was determined via Harada's advanced Marfey's method...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
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