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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#1
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481686/lower-extremity-joint-loads-in-habitual-rearfoot-and-mid-forefoot-strike-runners-with-normal-and-shortened-stride-lengths
#2
Elizabeth R Boyer, Timothy R Derrick
Our purpose was to compare joint loads between habitual rearfoot (hRF) and habitual mid/forefoot strikers (hFF), rearfoot (RFS) and mid/forefoot strike (FFS) patterns, and shorter stride lengths (SLs). Thirty-eight hRF and hFF ran at their normal SL, 5% and 10% shorter, as well as with the opposite foot strike. Three-dimensional ankle, knee, patellofemoral (PF) and hip contact forces were calculated. Nearly all contact forces decreased with a shorter SL (1.2-14.9% relative to preferred SL). In general, hRF had higher PF (hRF-RFS: 10...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460179/manipulation-of-foot-strike-and-footwear-increases-achilles-tendon-loading-during-running
#3
Hannah Rice, Mubarak Patel
BACKGROUND: The Achilles tendon is the most common site of tendon overuse injury in humans. Running with a forefoot strike pattern and in minimal shoes is a topic of recent interest, yet evidence is currently limited regarding the combined influence of foot strike and footwear on Achilles tendon loading. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of both foot strike and footwear on Achilles tendon loading in habitual rearfoot strike runners. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439058/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-stress-fracture-in-female-athletes
#4
Kazuyoshi Yagishita
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes. The pathology of stress fracture mainly includes repeated biomechanical loading, which leads to bone micro-damage and failure of bone structure. Female athlete triad(FAT), which includes low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is a serious healthcare concern in female athletes. For prevention and treatment of stress fracture, management of biomechanical factors modifying the load applied to a bone is important, and especially in female athletes, management for FAT is one of the important factors...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391750/incidence-aetiology-and-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
O Kilic, M Maas, E Verhagen, J Zwerver, V Gouttebarge
Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (volleyball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among volleyball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of injuries in volleyball. This study aimed to review systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures of volleyball injuries. To this end, a highly sensitive search strategy was built based on two groups of keywords (and their synonyms). Two electronic databases were searched, namely Medline (biomedical literature) via Pubmed, and SPORTDiscus (sports and sports medicine literature) via EBSCOhost...
July 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391723/the-impact-of-patellar-tendinopathy-on-sports-and-work-performance-in-active-athletes
#6
Astrid J De Vries, Wendy Koolhaas, Johannes Zwerver, Ron L Diercks, Kari Nieuwenhuis, Henk Van Der Worp, Sandra Brouwer, Inge Van Den Akker-Scheek
Greater insight into sports and work performance of athletes with patellar tendinopathy (PT) will help establish the severity of this common overuse injury. Primary aim of this study is to investigate the impact of PT on sports and work performance. Seventy seven active athletes with PT (50 males; age 28.1 ± 8.2 years; Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment Patella 56.4 ± 12.3) participated in this survey. Sports performance, work ability and work productivity were assessed using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center overuse injury questionnaire, the single-item Work Ability Index and the Quantity and Quality questionnaire, respectively...
April 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364114/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-testing-of-the-arabic-anterior-knee-pain-scale
#7
Abdullah Alshehri, Everett Lohman, Noha S Daher, Khalid Bahijri, Abdulmohsen Alghamdi, Nezar Altorairi, Arin Arnons, Abdullah Matar
BACKGROUND PFPS is one of the most frequently occurring overuse injuries affecting the lower limbs. A variety of functional and self-reported outcome measures have been used to assess clinical outcomes of patients with PFPS, however, only the Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS) has been designed for PFPS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We followed international recommendations to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the AKPS. The Arabic AKPS and the Arabic RAND 36-item Health Survey were administered to 40 patients who were diagnosed with PFPS...
April 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351225/specialization-patterns-across-various-youth-sports-and-relationship-to-injury-risk
#8
Jacqueline Pasulka, Neeru Jayanthi, Ashley McCann, Lara R Dugas, Cynthia LaBella
OBJECTIVES: Current trends among young athletes towards earlier specialization age and year-round training on multiple teams has raised concern for increased injury risk. Our previous analyses showed higher risk for injury in highly specialized young athletes. The goal of this research was to determine whether sports specialization and injury patterns vary by sports type. METHODS: In this clinical case-control study, injured athletes (aged 7-18 years) were recruited from sports medicine clinics and compared to similarly aged uninjured athletes recruited from primary care clinics...
March 29, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342723/effects-of-eccentric-overload-training-on-patellar-tendon-and-vastus-lateralis-in-three-days-of-consecutive-running
#9
Fernando Sanz-López, César Berzosa, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Antonio Martínez-Amat
BACKGROUND: The analysis of structural changes in patellar tendon and muscle of healthy subjects in response to mechanical loads provides useful insight into the mechanism underlying overuse injuries. METHODS: Changes produced in tendon and muscles structures after eccentric overload training and three consecutive running days were examined. Twenty healthy subjects were recruited and divided into two groups. One group (ECC) performed eccentric overload squat training (six weeks)...
March 22, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298059/groin-problems-in-male-soccer-players-are-more-common-than-previously-reported
#10
Joar Harøy, Ben Clarsen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The majority of surveillance studies in soccer have used a time-loss injury definition, and many groin problems result from overuse, leading to gradually increasing pain and/or reduced performance without necessarily causing an absence from soccer training or match play. Thus, the magnitude of groin problems in soccer has probably been underestimated in previous studies based on traditional injury surveillance methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of groin problems among soccer players of both sexes and among male soccer players at different levels of play through a new surveillance method developed to capture acute and overuse problems...
May 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288281/the-association-of-sport-specialization-and-training-volume-with-injury-history-in-youth-athletes
#11
Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Jeremy W Riekena, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Recommendations exist to encourage safe youth participation in sport. These recommendations include not specializing in 1 sport, limiting participation to less than 8 months per year, and limiting participation to fewer hours per week than a child's age. However, limited evidence exists to support or refute these recommendations. HYPOTHESIS: High levels of specialization will be associated with a history of injuries and especially overuse injuries, independent of age, sex, or weekly sport training hours...
May 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282745/overuse-wrist-injuries-in-young-athletes-what-do-sports-physicians-consider-important-signals-and-functional-limitations
#12
Laura S Kox, P Paul F M Kuijer, Jip Opperman, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
This study's objective was to collect items from experienced sports physicians, relating to the presence and severity of overuse wrist injuries in young athletes, for developing a measurement instrument for signals of overuse wrist injury. Seven Dutch elite sports physicians involved in guidance and treatment of young athletes in wrist-loading sports (gymnastics, tennis, judo, field hockey, volleyball and rowing) participated in a focus group. They discussed signals and limitations related to overuse wrist injuries in young athletes...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253031/the-relationship-between-training-load-and-injury-in-men-s-professional-basketball-players
#13
Kaitlyn J Weiss, Sian V Allen, Mike R McGuigan, Chris S Whatman
PURPOSE: To establish the relationship between the acute:chronic workload ratio and lower extremity overuse injuries in professional basketball players over the course of a competitive season. METHODS: The acute:chronic workload ratio was determined by calculating the sum of the current week's session rate of perceived exertion (sRPE) training load (acute load) and dividing it by the average weekly training load over the previous four weeks (chronic load). All injuries were recorded weekly using a self-reported injury questionnaire (Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Injury Questionnaire(20)) Workload ratios were modelled against injury data using a logistic regression model with unique intercepts for each player...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242569/uphill-walking-biomechanical-demand-on-the-lower-extremities-of-obese-adolescents
#14
Gerda Strutzenberger, Nathalie Alexander, Dominik Bamboschek, Elisabeth Claas, Helmut Langhof, Hermann Schwameder
The number of obesity prevalence in adolescents is still increasing. Obesity treatment programs typically include physical activity with walking being recommended as appropriate activity, but limited information exists on the demand uphill walking places on the joint loading and power of obese adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different inclinations on step characteristics, sagittal and frontal joint angles, joint moments and joint power of obese adolescents in comparison to their normal-weight peers...
February 20, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236094/-diseases-and-overuse-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities-in-long-distance-runners
#15
REVIEW
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
February 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228895/obturator-internus-muscle-strains
#16
Caoimhe Byrne, Abdullah Alkhayat, Pat O'Neill, Stephen Eustace, Eoin Kavanagh
We report 2 cases of obturator internus muscle strains. The injuries occurred in young male athletes involved in kicking sports. Case 1 details an acute obturator internus muscle strain with associated adductor longus strain. Case 2 details an overuse injury of the bilateral obturator internus muscles. In each case, magnetic resonance imaging played a crucial role in accurate diagnosis.
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217804/-changes-of-perimysial-junctional-plates-induced-by-excessive-eccentric%C3%A2-training-and-the-effects-of-acupuncture-intervention
#17
Mei Kong, Xiang Zhang, Mei-Ling Ye, Xue-Lin Zhang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture intervention on excessive eccentric training-induced changes of perimysial junctional plates (PJPs) domain. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 5 groups: control group, four-week training group, four-week training + 1-week recovery group and four-week training + 1-week acupuncture group. Rats were subjected to continuous excessive eccentric training for 4 weeks (incline -16°, speed 16-20 m/min, 60-90 min/d, 5 day per week), and then were subjected to one-week spontaneous recovery or one-week recovery with acupuncture intervention (a piece of filiform needle for 4 min every day)...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209569/injury-rates-in-recreational-tennis-players-do-not-differ-between-different-playing-surfaces
#18
Babette M Pluim, Benjamin Clarsen, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the prevalence of tennis injuries between the four most common court surfaces in the Netherlands, including hard court, clay, sand-fill artificial grass and red-sand-fill artificial grass. Natural grass was not included in this study. METHODS: This was a repeated cross-sectional study over 6 months, involving members of the Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association (KNLTB). A monthly questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 20 000 KNLTB members, stratified by their club's playing surface...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#19
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155066/pediatric-musculoskeletal-injuries-role-of-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
REVIEW
C L Piccolo, M Galluzzo, S Ianniello, M Trinci, A Russo, E Rossi, M Zeccolini, A Laporta, G Guglielmi, V Miele
Pediatric musculoskeletal system is particularly prone to traumatic and sports-related injuries, both acute and chronic, i.e., overuse injuries, because of inherent conditions of weakness, such as the open physis, representing the weakest aspect within the bone, the ligamentous supports and changing biomechanics. Being aware that a quick diagnosis is essential to preserve the good functionality of the limb involved, it is mandatory for the radiologist to recognize the most common patterns of these injuries, identifying those requiring a prompt surgery, as well as be confident with the technique performed, and be supported by an important background experience and knowledge skills...
March 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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