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"overuse injuries"

Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz, Tarif Bader
Introduction: Integration of females in combat units poses a unique challenge for army commanders around the world. The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed up-to-date situation report regarding overuse injuries among combat female warriors in the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) in order to enable evidence-based decision-making, prevention policy, and further research of this highly significant military public health issue. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted including 2,519 females recruited to combat duties during the year of 2013...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Oren Schwartz, Boris Kanevsky, M A J Sergey Kutikov, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz
Introduction: Attrition from training is associated with substantial financial and personnel loss. There is a plethora of medical literature and research of attrition rates related to initial/phase 1 training (basic combat training); however, the analysis of second phase training (commanders training, consisting of schools that qualify junior commanders and officers for infantry and non-infantry combat units) is limited. The purpose of this study is to perform a comprehensive survey regarding to medical attrition from commanders training in the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) in order to present the commanders of the IDF a detailed situation report that will serve as an evidence-based platform for future policy planning and implementation...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Arnhild Bakken, Stephen Targett, Tone Bere, Cristiano Eirale, Abdulaziz Farooq, Andrea B Mosler, Johannes L Tol, Rod Whiteley, Karim M Khan, Roald Bahr
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity muscle strength tests are commonly used to screen for injury risk in professional soccer. However, there is limited evidence on the ability of such tests in predicting future injuries. PURPOSE: To examine the association between hip and thigh muscle strength and the risk of lower extremity injuries in professional male soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Professional male soccer players from 14 teams in Qatar underwent a comprehensive strength assessment at the beginning of the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Glenn S Fleisig
Research has shown relations between amount of baseball pitching and overuse injuries, as well as between poor mechanics and high loads on the elbow and shoulder. However, overuse injuries continue to be a problem from youth to professional sports. Emerging wearable technology may enable players, parents, coaches, leagues, and clinicians to monitor biomechanics during competition and training, reducing the risk of serious injury.
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Background and Purpose: Early sport specialization (ESS) refers to intense training year round in a specific sport starting at a young age with no or limited participation in other sports. This approach to training is highly controversial; recent literature suggests that this type of specialized training could be a contributing source to overuse injuries in youth athletes. The purpose of this case report was to describe a patellofemoral articular cartilage defect of the knee in a preadolescent skier due to overuse and repetitive microtrauma as a result of ESS...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Daniel A Schaefer, Lisa A Cadmus-Bertram, Andrew M Watson, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
Overuse injuries in youth athletes are becoming increasingly common which may be a result of the prevalence of year-round specialized sport participation. Previous research has identified sport volume recommendations related to months per year, hours per week, and simultaneous participation in multiple sports leagues. Coaches are a primary influence on a youth athlete's decision to specialize in a single sport. Therefore, identifying coaches' baseline beliefs and perceptions is important for developing strategies to educate coaches about safe sport participation...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Aleksander Błażkiewicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Arkadiusz Białostocki, Dariusz Czaprowski
BACKGROUND: Characteristic types of actions and training/matches loads of football goalkeepers show that goalkeeper's performance differs from other football's formations. Such situation may predispose to the occurrence of other kinds of injuries in this position. The aim of this study was to analyse epidemiology of injuries in young football goalkeepers. METHODS: 48 football goalkeepers (aged:15.2±1.9 years) were filled the questionnaire aimed at collecting information about all injuries sustained within 12 months before the data collection...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Bruna Calazans Luz, Ana Flávia Dos Santos, Mariana Carvalho de Souza, Tatiana de Oliveira Sato, Deborah A Nawoczenski, Fábio Viadanna Serrão
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common running overuse injury. Excessive rearfoot eversion is commonly considered as a PFP risk factor and the relationship between ankle-foot complex movement and lower limb may be involved with this dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between rearfoot eversion with tibia and femur kinematics in frontal and transverse planes during running in individuals with and without PFP. The secondary purpose was to compare the lower limb kinematics between runners with and without PFP...
February 12, 2018: Gait & Posture
Karen Roos, Kristen Kucera, Yvonne Golightly, Joseph B Myers, Wayne Rosamond, Stephen W Marshall
CONTEXT:   Overuse injuries are reported to account for nearly 50% of sports injuries and, due to their progressive nature and the uncertainty regarding date of onset, are difficult to define and categorize. Comparing the capture rates of overuse injuries between injury-surveillance systems and medical records can clarify completeness and determinants of how overuse injuries are represented in injury-surveillance data. OBJECTIVE:   To estimate the capture rate of time-loss medical-attention overuse injuries in men's and women's soccer in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System (NCAA ISS) compared with medical records maintained by certified athletic trainers and assess the differences in completeness of capture and factors contributing to those differences...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Katie J Sikes, Jun Li, Shu-Guang Gao, Quan Shen, John D Sandy, Anna Plaas, Vincent M Wang
Healthy tendons are maintained in homeostasis through controlled usage of glucose for energy and redox equilibrium. Tendon cell stress imposed by overuse injury or vascular insufficiency is accompanied by activation of wound healing pathways which facilitate an adaptive response and the restoration of homeostasis. To understand this response at the gene expression level we have studied the in vivo effects of injected TGF-β1 in a murine model of tendinopathy, as well as treatment of murine tendon explants with either TGF-β1 or hypoxia in vitro...
February 15, 2018: Connective Tissue Research
David G Behm
The pressure for children to excel and succeed in sport continues to mount. Although resistance training for youth was in disfavor by many organizations even into the early 21st century, children's training programs are more closely resembling the volume and intensity of adult programs. The physiological maturation of adolescent youth may impact their response to advanced training programs. Furthermore, the pressure to specialize in specific sports rather than engage in a variety of sporting activities may affect not only training responses but also injury incidence...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Elizabeth R Neil, Zachary K Winkelmann, Jessica R Edler
Reference:  Roos KG, Marshall SW. Definition and usage of the term "overuse injury" in the US high school and collegiate sport epidemiology literature: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2014;44(3):405-421. CLINICAL QUESTION:   What is the current context of the term overuse in the epidemiologic sports injury literature? DATA SOURCES:   The authors performed a database search of PubMed and SPORTDiscus. The Boolean phrases athletics AND injury and overuse OR epidemiology were searched...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Karsten Hollander, Antje Baumann, Astrid Zech, Evert Verhagen
Objectives: While the health benefits of running are legitimately advocated, participation in running can also lead to health problems. There is a high range of reported prevalence rates especially of running-related overuse injuries in high-level athletes and during competition. Little consensus exists for acute injuries and illnesses especially in recreational runners. Therefore, the aim of this study was to record the prevalence of health problems in recreational long-distance runners preparing for an event...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
S D Barboza, J Nauta, M van der Pols, W van Mechelen, E A L M Verhagen
This study describes the prevalence, incidence density, severity, and nature of injuries in elite field hockey players over the Dutch 2015-2016 season. Eighty players answered a baseline questionnaire and were subsequently followed-up every 2 weeks to report the hours spent on training/competition and experienced injuries, which were registered using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Questionnaire on Health Problems. Of the 74 players included in the analysis, 52 (70%) reported 112 injuries. Eighty-seven injuries (78%) received medical attention, and 56 (50%) led to training/competition time loss...
January 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
David R Bell, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Daniel A Schaefer, Timothy A McGuine, Andrew M Watson, M Alison Brooks
Background: Sport specialization has been associated with overuse injuries and is more common in larger high schools, which are often located in more urban/suburban settings. However, sport participation characteristics have not been compared between suburban and rural high schools. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in sport participation characteristics between athletes at suburban and rural high schools. It was hypothesized that suburban high school students would be more likely to be highly specialized, participate in more athletic competitions per year, and play in a league outside of school...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Christopher D Stickley, Melanie M Presuto, Kara N Radzak, Christina M Bourbeau, Ronald K Hetzler
CONTEXT:   Although the risk of osteoarthritis development after acute knee injury has been widely studied, the long-term consequences of knee overuse injury are not well understood. OBJECTIVE:   To identify the relationship between gait-related risk factors osteoarthritis and the development of iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) in members of a single University Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) unit. DESIGN:   Prospective cohort study...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Vladimir Berezutsky
The literature review comprises information about application of kinesio taping in prevention of professional dancers' injuries. The relevance of the study is determined by frequent dance related and overuse injuries and lack of organized information about this issue. The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of kinesio taping on the musculoskeletal system of dancers basing on the scientific research data of the years 2015-2017. The analysis revealed that kinesio taping can effectively reduce muscle spasms, rebuild muscle strength of the injured extremity, improve static and dynamic balance and ease the pain, due to its ability to improve the proprioception of the joints and regulate muscle tone...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz, Tarif Bader
Introduction: Overuse injuries are responsible for most lost training days and attrition from combat training in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) as in armies around the world. The purpose of this study is to understand the rates, types, and mechanism of occurrence of overuse injuries in the IDF in order to provide the IDF's commanders a detailed updated situation report in order to enable commanders decision-making, prevention policy, and further research of this highly significant military public health issue...
January 22, 2018: Military Medicine
Jean Paul Foumenteze, Helen Simpson, Nabil Kerrouche
BACKGROUND: Metatarsalgia is a common overuse injury that may be caused by wearing high-heeled shoes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the decrease in metatarsalgia using a hyaluronic acid dermal filler. METHODS: A 6-month, open study was conducted in 15 subjects with metatarsalgia because of regularly wearing high-heeled shoes. Hyaluronic acid (20 mg/mL) with lidocaine hydrochloride (3 mg/mL) was injected under the metatarsal heads at baseline. Pain (on a 0-10 scale) under the metatarsal heads when walking in high heels was recorded in a weekly subject diary...
January 22, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Nicholas I Kennedy, Jonathan A Godin, Marcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Mark E Cinque, Zaamin B Hussain, Matthew T Provencher
Bicep tendon pathology often arises from chronic overuse injuries, acute trauma, or degenerative changes in the glenohumeral joint. These injuries can cause significant shoulder pain, and can greatly limit range of motion and, in turn, activities of daily living. The diagnosis of biceps pathologies can be challenging, because patients often present with nonspecific symptoms. Some bicep tendon pathologies may be treated nonoperatively; however, biceps tendon subluxation and the presence of rotator cuff or SLAP lesions require surgical management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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