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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148957/aerobic-exercise-training-performed-by-parents-reduces-mice-offspring-adiposity
#1
Paulo Vitor da Silva Romero, Débora Alves Guariglia, Francielli Ferreira Da Rocha, Caroline de Carvalho Picoli, Gustavo Renan Gilio, Gabriel Sergio Fabricio, Paulo Cesar de Freitas Mathias, Solange Marta Franzói de Moraes, Sidney Barnabé Peres
The present study aimed to determine the effects of physical training performed by parents on mice offspring adiposity. Male and female parents underwent an aerobic training protocol for 7 weeks. The trained and sedentary parents were allowed to mate and the resultant offspring divided in: S (Offspring from Sedentary Parents), T (Offspring from Trained Parents), ST (Offspring from Sedentary Father and Trained Mother) and TS (Offspring from Trained Father and Sedentary Mother). After weaning, offspring was euthanized, blood collected and samples of mesenteric and inguinal fat pads used to isolate adipocytes for morphologic and histological analyses...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120983/assessing-differences-in-anthropometric-and-fitness-characteristics-between-police-academy-cadets-and-incumbent-officers
#2
Robin Orr, J Jay Dawes, Rodney Pope, Joseph Terry
The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119957/-the-psychological-security-in-the-framework-of-the-system-of-factors-responsible-for-the-effectiveness-of-spa-and-health-resort-based-rehabilitation
#3
T M Krasnyanskaya, V G Tylets
AIM: The present work was designed to address the problem of ensuring the psychological security in the framework of organization of the rehabilitative treatment based at the spa and health resort facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We undertook the questionnaire study for which 650 subjects were recruited among those attending spa and health resort facilities of the cities of Essentuki and Kislovodsk. The participants were asked to estimate the level of their personal security and the quality of the provided means for the rehabilitative treatment and general health improvement...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104725/effect-of-multicomponent-training-on-blood-pressure-nitric-oxide-redox-status-and-physical-fitness-in-older-adult-women-influence-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-nos3-haplotypes
#4
Atila Alexandre Trapé, Elisangela Aparecida da Silva Lizzi, Thiago Correa Porto Gonçalves, Jhennyfer Aline Lima Rodrigues, Simone Sakagute Tavares, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Graziele Cristina Ferreira, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Paula Payão Ovídio, Alceu Afonso Jordão, André Mourão Jacomini, Anderson Saranz Zago, Carlos Roberto Bueno Júnior
The purpose of this study was to verify the influence of the genotype or haplotype (interaction) of the NOS3 polymorphisms [-786T>C, 894G>T (Glu298Asp), and intron 4b/a] on the response to multicomponent training (various capacities and motor skills) on blood pressure (BP), nitrite concentration, redox status, and physical fitness in older adult women. The sample consisted of 52 participants, who underwent body mass index and BP assessments. Physical fitness was evaluated by six-minute walk, elbow flexion, and sit and stand up tests...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103913/mitigating-the-risk-of-musculoskeletal-injury-a-systematic-review-of-the-most-effective-injury-prevention-strategies-for-military-personnel
#5
Sophie L Wardle, Julie P Greeves
OBJECTIVES: To update the current injury prevention strategy evidence base for making recommendations to prevent physical training-related musculoskeletal injury. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review to update the evidence base on injury prevention strategies for military personnel. METHODS: Literature was systematically searched and extracted from five databases, and reported according to PRISMA guidelines. Sixty one articles meeting the inclusion criteria and published during the period 2008-2015 were selected for systematic review...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103661/effectiveness-of-a-multidisciplinary-disease-management-program-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-in-china-a-randomized-controlled-single-center-study
#6
Yiyin Chen, Marjorie Funk, Jia Wen, Xianghua Tang, Guixiang He, Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary disease management programs (MDMP) for patients with heart failure (HF) have been delivered, but evidence of their effectiveness in China is limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a MDMP improves quality of life (QoL), physical performance, depressive symptoms, self-care behaviors and mortality or rehospitalization in patients with HF in China. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled single center trial in which patients with HF received either MDMP with discharge education, physical training, follow-up visits and telephone calls for 180 days (n = 31) or standard care (SC, n = 31)...
November 2, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100826/sex-and-age-differences-in-physical-performance-a-comparison-of-army-basic-training-and-operational-populations
#7
Esther O Dada, Morgan K Anderson, Tyson Grier, Joseph A Alemany, Bruce H Jones
OBJECTIVES: To determine the age- and sex-specific differences of physical fitness performances and Body Mass Index (BMI) in basic training and the operational Army. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Study. METHODS: This secondary analysis utilizes retrospective surveys of U.S. Army Soldiers in Basic Combat Training (BCT) and operational units to compare physical performances between men and women as measured by the Army Physical Readiness Test (APFT)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097231/poor-anaerobic-power-capability-and-static-balance-predicted-prospective-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-soldiers-of-the-101st-airborne-air-assault-division
#8
Takashi Nagai, Mita Lovalekar, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Michael D Wirt, Kim Beals
Musculoskeletal injuries have negatively impacted tactical readiness. The identification of prospective and modifiable risk factors of preventable musculoskeletal injuries can guide specific injury prevention strategies for Soldiers and health care providers. OBJECTIVES: To analyze physiological and neuromuscular characteristics as predictors of preventable musculoskeletal injuries. DESIGN: Prospective-cohort study. METHODS: A total of 491 Soldiers were enrolled and participated in the baseline laboratory testing, including body composition, aerobic capacity, anaerobic power/capacity, muscular strength, flexibility, static balance, and landing biomechanics...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093676/bioinspired-technologies-to-connect-musculoskeletal-mechanobiology-to-the-person-for-training-and-rehabilitation
#9
REVIEW
Claudio Pizzolato, David G Lloyd, Rod S Barrett, Jill L Cook, Ming H Zheng, Thor F Besier, David J Saxby
Musculoskeletal tissues respond to optimal mechanical signals (e.g., strains) through anabolic adaptations, while mechanical signals above and below optimal levels cause tissue catabolism. If an individual's physical behavior could be altered to generate optimal mechanical signaling to musculoskeletal tissues, then targeted strengthening and/or repair would be possible. We propose new bioinspired technologies to provide real-time biofeedback of relevant mechanical signals to guide training and rehabilitation...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079551/assessing-the-value-of-prehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-according-to-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-for-the-improvement-of-postoperative-outcomes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Cornelia Merki-Künzli, Marta Kerstan-Huber, Denise Switalla, David Gisi, Dimitri Aristotle Raptis, Nicola Greco, Giuseppe Mungo, Markus Wirz, Severin Gloor, Merima Misirlic, Stefan Breitenstein, Christoph Tschuor
BACKGROUND: A key element in the postoperative phase of the standardized Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) treatment pathways is mobilization. Currently, there are no recommendations in the ERAS guidelines for preoperative physical activity. Patients undergoing major surgery are prone to functional decline due to the impairment of muscle, cardiorespiratory, and neurological function as a response to surgical stress. It has been shown that preoperative physical training reduces postoperative complications...
October 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072036/oxidative-stress-lipid-peroxidation-indexes-and-antioxidant-vitamins-in-long-and-middle-distance-athletes-during-a-sport-season
#11
Diego Muñoz, Gema Barrientos, Javier Alves, Francisco J Grijota, Maria C Robles, Marcos Maynar
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to observe any changes and possible adaptations produced in MDA and antioxidants vitamins on plasma and erythrocytes in endurance male athletes among an athletic season (12 months). METHODS: Twenty three long and middle distance male athletes participated in this study. Basal MDA on plasma and antioxidant vitamins in plasma and erythrocytes were measured at four moments along the season (0, 3, 6 and 9 months). Fatty acid concentrations in erythrocytes were obtained to determine lipid peroxidation indexes...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069291/cognitive-effects-of-multi-domain-interventions-among-pre-frail-and-frail-community-living-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Tze Pin Ng, Audrey Ling, Liang Feng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mathew Niti, Boon Yeow Tan, Gribson Chan, Sue Anne Khoo, Sue Mei Chan, Philip Yap, Keng Bee Yap
Background: Cognitive, physical and nutritional interventions may produce different cognitive effects for different groups of older persons. We investigated simultaneously the cognitive outcomes of cognitive, physical and nutritional interventions singly and in combinations in older persons with the physical frailty phenotype at particular risk of cognitive decline. Method: Pre-frail and frail participants were randomly allocated to 24 weeks nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) or usual care control (N=50)...
October 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069229/physical-exercise-induced-fatigue-the-role-of-serotonergic-and-dopaminergic-systems
#13
L M S Cordeiro, P C R Rabelo, M M Moraes, F Teixeira-Coelho, C C Coimbra, S P Wanner, D D Soares
Brain serotonin and dopamine are neurotransmitters related to fatigue, a feeling that leads to reduced intensity or interruption of physical exercises, thereby regulating performance. The present review aims to present advances on the understanding of fatigue, which has recently been proposed as a defense mechanism instead of a "physiological failure" in the context of prolonged (aerobic) exercises. We also present recent advances on the association between serotonin, dopamine and fatigue. Experiments with rodents, which allow direct manipulation of brain serotonin and dopamine during exercise, clearly indicate that increased serotoninergic activity reduces performance, while increased dopaminergic activity is associated with increased performance...
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065725/call-for-human-contact-and-support-an-interview-study-exploring-patients-experiences-with-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation-and-their-perception-of-nurses-and-nurse-assistants-roles-and-functions
#14
Mia Ingerslev Loft, Bente Martinsen Woythal, Bente Appel Esbensen, Lone L Mathiesen, Helle K Iversen, Ingrid Poulsen
PURPOSE: To describe patients' experiences with inpatient stroke rehabilitation and their perception of nurses' and nurse assistants' roles and functions during hospitalisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a qualitative study, 10 interviews with stroke patients were conducted, transcribed, and analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The patients' experiences with inpatient stroke rehabilitation and their perception of nurses' and nurse assistants' roles and functions during hospitalisation were found to be related to one overall theme derived from 10 categories...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062276/enhancing-innovation-and-underlying-neural-mechanisms-via-cognitive-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#15
Sandra B Chapman, Jeffrey S Spence, Sina Aslan, Molly W Keebler
Non-invasive interventions, such as cognitive training (CT) and physical exercise, are gaining momentum as ways to augment both cognitive and brain function throughout life. One of the most fundamental yet little studied aspects of human cognition is innovative thinking, especially in older adults. In this study, we utilize a measure of innovative cognition that examines both the quantity and quality of abstracted interpretations. This randomized pilot trial in cognitively normal adults (56-75 years) compared the effect of cognitive reasoning training (SMART) on innovative cognition as measured by Multiple Interpretations Measure (MIM)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055270/executive-functioning-concern-about-falling-and-quadriceps-strength-mediate-the-relationship-between-impaired-gait-adaptability-and-fall-risk-in-older-people
#16
Maria Joana D Caetano, Stephen R Lord, Matthew A Brodie, Daniel Schoene, Paulo H S Pelicioni, Daina L Sturnieks, Jasmine C Menant
BACKGROUND: Reduced ability to adapt gait, particularly under challenging conditions, may be an important reason why older adults have an increased risk of falling. This study aimed to identify cognitive, psychological and physical mediators of the relationship between impaired gait adaptability and fall risk in older adults. METHODS: Fifty healthy older adults (mean±SD: 74±7years) were categorised as high or low fall risk, based on past falls and their performance in the Physiological Profile Assessment...
October 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031830/action-observation-facilitates-motor-cortical-activity-in-patients-with-stroke-and-hemiplegia
#17
Marina Tani, Yumie Ono, Miku Matsubara, Satoko Ohmatsu, Yoshihiro Yukawa, Masashi Kohno, Takanori Tominaga
Motor imagery (MI) is a mental practice that reproduces the visual- and/or kinesthetic-modality brain activations accompanying movement. It is a useful rehabilitation technique as the affected motor cortex can be stimulated in patients with stroke and hemiplegia. However, most patients with stroke have difficulty with MI owing to advanced age and/or higher-cognitive dysfunction, thus impairing their ability to internally simulate the action. We therefore investigated whether action observation (AO), an alternative form of motor stimulation that works via the mirror-neuron system, could facilitate motor cortical activity in such patients...
October 12, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027263/on-the-use-of-a-six-level-scale-for-physical-activity
#18
REVIEW
G Grimby, K Frändin
The four-level questionnaire to assess leisure time physical activity (PA) originally described by Saltin and Grimby has been extended to a six (or seven) level questionnaire, especially for the elderly or other persons with a low level of PA, expanded to include household activities. There are currently two main versions, one used in Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian studies and one with further modifications used in Finnish studies. In this review, predictive validity for mortality and different aspects of physical performance are demonstrated...
October 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023536/change-in-inflammatory-parameters-in-prefrail-and-frail-persons-obtaining-physical-training-and-nutritional-support-provided-by-lay-volunteers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sandra Haider, Igor Grabovac, Eva Winzer, Ali Kapan, Karin Emmi Schindler, Christian Lackinger, Sylvia Titze, Thomas Ernst Dorner
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of home visits with physical training and nutritional support on inflammatory parameters to home visits with social support alone within a randomized controlled trial. Prefrail and frail persons received home visits from lay volunteers twice a week for 12 weeks. Participants in the physical training and nutritional intervention group (PTN, n = 35) conducted two sets of six strength exercises and received nutritional support. The social support group (SoSu, n = 23) received visits only...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994768/using-virtual-reality-to-transfer-motor-skill-knowledge-from-one-hand-to-another
#20
Ori Ossmy, Roy Mukamel
As far as acquiring motor skills is concerned, training by voluntary physical movement is superior to all other forms of training (e.g. training by observation or passive movement of trainee's hands by a robotic device). This obviously presents a major challenge in the rehabilitation of a paretic limb since voluntary control of physical movement is limited. Here, we describe a novel training scheme we have developed that has the potential to circumvent this major challenge. We exploited the voluntary control of one hand and provided real-time movement-based manipulated sensory feedback as if the other hand is moving...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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