keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"physical training"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537848/influence-of-endurance-training-on-skeletal-muscle-mitophagy-regulatory-proteins-in-type-2-diabetic-men
#1
Christian Brinkmann, Axel Przyklenk, Alexander Metten, Thorsten Schiffer, Wilhelm Bloch, Klara Brixius, Sebastian Gehlert
BACKGROUND: Mitophagy is a form of autophagy for the elimination of mitochondria. Mitochondrial content and function are reduced in the skeletal muscle of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Physical training has been shown to restore mitochondrial capacity in T2DM patients, but the role of mitophagy has not been examined in this context. This study analyzes the impact of a 3-month endurance training on important skeletal muscle mitophagy regulatory proteins and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes in T2DM patients...
May 24, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535847/perceptions-of-pain-injury-and-transition-retirement-the-experiences-of-professional-dancers
#2
Carly Harrison, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson
Dancers are often referred to as "athletes of the arts," and like other athletes they undergo years of hard physical training in pursuit of excellence. Previous research has indicated that dancers develop high pain thresholds and push past their pain barriers. This has potential implications for their health and wellbeing in both their professional careers and life after dance. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of injury, pain, and retirement among professional dancers...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507196/health-benefits-of-exercise
#3
Gregory N Ruegsegger, Frank W Booth
Overwhelming evidence exists that lifelong exercise is associated with a longer health span, delaying the onset of 40 chronic conditions/diseases. What is beginning to be learned is the molecular mechanisms by which exercise sustains and improves quality of life. The current review begins with two short considerations. The first short presentation concerns the effects of endurance exercise training on cardiovascular fitness, and how it relates to improved health outcomes. The second short section contemplates emerging molecular connections from endurance training to mental health...
May 15, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506013/the-effects-of-physical-training-without-equipment-on-pain-perception-and-balance-in-the-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Antonino Patti, Antonino Bianco, Bettina Karsten, Maria Alessandra Montalto, Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Daniela Cassata, Fabio Scoppa, Antonio Paoli, Angelo Iovane, Giuseppe Messina, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Research supports a link between exercise and falls prevention in the older population. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to evaluate pain perception and balance skills in a group of elderly subjects and to examine the consequences of a standardized equipment-free exercise program intervention on these variables. The study utilized a randomized controlled trial method. METHODS: 92 subjects were recruited from a rural Sicilian village (Resuttano, Sicily, Italy)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489465/effects-of-phototherapy-plus-physical-training-on-metabolic-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-postmenopausal-women
#5
Fernanda Rossi Paolillo, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Ross Arena, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto, Cristina Kurachi, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato
A cluster of metabolic abnormalities are markedly higher among postmenopausal women. The present study evaluated the effects of infrared-light-emitting diode (LED) during treadmill training on multiple metabolic markers, body fat, dietary habits and quality of life in postmenopausal women. Forty five postmenopausal women aged 50 to 60 years were randomly assigned to one of three groups; thirty women successfully completed the full study. The three groups were: (i) the LED group, which performed treadmill training associated with phototherapy (n=10); (ii) the exercise group, which carried out treadmill training only (n=10) and; (iii) the sedentary group, which neither performed physical training nor underwent phototherapy (n=10)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488827/water-versus-land-based-exercises-as-physical-training-programs-in-elderly
#6
Elvira Padua, Francesca Campoli, Vincenzo Manzi, Michele Panzarino, Mauro Lombardo, Giovanni Melchiorri, Virginia Tancredi, Pietro Lebone, Francesco Palazzo, Giuseppe Annino
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze and quantify the improvements of some physical skills in a group of subjects over 65 years old who practice regular activities in the gym and in a microgravity environment. METHODS: 132 subjects (68.9 ± 5.5 yrs, 72.7 ± 14.4 kg, 155.3 ± 9.2, 30.6 ± 5 kg/m2) who perform regular physical activity adapted and controlled for the elderly twice a week (50' per session) for a period of 8 months. The tests evaluate flexibility, abdominal and leg strength and balance...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483722/combined-interventions-for-mitigation-of-an-influenza-a-h1n1-2009-outbreak-in-a-physical-training-camp-in-beijing-china
#7
Chen-Yi Chu, U Chandimal de Silva, Jin-Peng Guo, Yong Wang, Liang Wen, Vernon J Lee, Shen-Long Li, Liu-Yu Huang
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have suggested the effectiveness of single control measures in the containment and mitigation of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009. The effects of combined interventions by multiple control measures in reducing the impact of an influenza A (H1N1) 2009 outbreak in a closed physical training camp in Beijing, China were evaluated. METHODS: Oseltamivir was prescribed for the treatment of confirmed cases and possible cases and as prophylaxis for all other participants in this training camp...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480382/the-effect-of-caffeine-supplementation-on-trained-individuals-subjected-to-maximal-treadmill-test
#8
Viviane Martins Mana Salicio, Carlos Alexandre Fett, Marcos Adriano Salicio, Camila Fernanda Costa Cunha Moraes Brandäo, Luiz Fabrizio Stoppiglia, Waléria Christiane Rezende Fett, And Clovis Botelho
BACKGROUND: Intense physical training increases oxidative stress and inflammation, resulting into muscle and cellular damage. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of caffeine supplementation on trained young individuals subjected to two treadmill maximal tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a double-blind and crossover study comprising 24 active individuals within the age group 18-30 years. The comparisons were conducted: the effect of exercise (week 1 x 2) and caffeine intake (GC x GP) on thiobarbituric acid (TBARS), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 10 (IL-10) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) variables during pre-exercise time (30 min...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471050/high-intensity-interval-training-using-whole-body-exercises-training-recommendations-and-methodological-overview
#9
REVIEW
Alexandre F Machado, Julien S Baker, Aylton J Figueira Junior, Danilo S Bocalini
HIIT whole body (HWB)-based exercise is a new calisthenics exercise programme approach that can be considered an effective and safe method to improve physical fitness and body composition. HWB is a method that can be applied to different populations and ages. The purpose of this study was to describe possible methodologies for performing physical training based on whole-body exercise in healthy subjects. The HWB sessions consist of a repeated stimulus based on high-intensity exercise that also include monitoring time to effort, time to recuperation and session time...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464787/directed-differentiation-and-paracrine-mechanisms-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-potential-implications-for-tendon-repair-and-regeneration
#10
Bingyu Zhang, Qing Luo, Alexander Halim, Yang Ju, Yasuyuki Morita, Guanbin Song
Tendon is composed of connective tissue, is able to retract with high tensile force, and plays a significant role in musculoskeletal motion. However, inappropriate physical training or accidents often result in tendon injuries. So far, the functional healing of injured tendon is still a great challenge in orthopedics. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multilineage cells with the ability to self-renew and differentiate into a variety of cell types, including tenocytes. The plasticity of MSCs gives rise to the chance of improved healing of injured tendons and even tissue-engineered tendons...
May 1, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446181/a-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-and-robot-hybrid-system-for-multi-joint-coordinated-upper-limb-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#11
Wei Rong, Waiming Li, Mankit Pang, Junyan Hu, Xijun Wei, Bibo Yang, Honwah Wai, Xiaoxiang Zheng, Xiaoling Hu
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge to reduce the muscular discoordination in the paretic upper limb after stroke in the traditional rehabilitation programs. METHOD: In this study, a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and robot hybrid system was developed for multi-joint coordinated upper limb physical training. The system could assist the elbow, wrist and fingers to conduct arm reaching out, hand opening/grasping and arm withdrawing by tracking an indicative moving cursor on the screen of a computer, with the support from the joint motors and electrical stimulations on target muscles, under the voluntary intention control by electromyography (EMG)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445226/comparison-of-training-intensity-patterns-for-cardiorespiratory-speed-and-strength-exercise-programs
#12
Rheba E Vetter, Han Yu, Alice K Foose, Peter J Adam, Regan K Dodd
Designing effective exercise training programs is important for novice, regular and elite individuals desiring improvements in physical fitness and performance outcomes without experiencing deleterious physiological or performance effects. The purpose of this research was to understand the impact of training intensity on the effectiveness of training program outcomes. Synthesized analyses of 31 studies provided an overall magnitude for the impact of training program intensity on effect size (ES). Meta-analyses were conducted using meta-regression models to assess the impact of training program intensity and the other moderators of training frequency, training weeks, age, ability level, and type of physical exercise training...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443006/cognitive-resources-necessary-for-motor-control-in-older-adults-are-reduced-by-walking-and-coordination-training
#13
Ben Godde, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage
We examined if physical exercise interventions were effective to reduce cognitive brain resources recruited while performing motor control tasks in older adults. Forty-three older adults (63-79 years of age) participated in either a walking (n = 17) or a motor coordination (n = 15) intervention (1 year, 3 times per week) or were assigned to a control group (n = 11) doing relaxation and stretching exercises. Pre and post the intervention period, we applied functional MRI to assess brain activation during imagery of forward and backward walking and during counting backwards from 100 as control task...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442803/effects-of-fitness-training-on-physical-fitness-parameters-and-quality-of-life-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-indian-females
#14
Renuka Patil, Apurv Shimpi, Savita Rairikar, Ashok Shyam, Parag Sancheti
PURPOSE: Highly active antiretroviral therapy has significantly extended survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. These drugs suppress replication of HIV but at the same time, have many physical and mental side effects which may affect daily activities of the patients. The present study assessed if moderate intensity exercise program helped in enhancing the physical fitness and quality of life (QoL) in HIV positive females which may reduce the comorbidities associated with the disease and medications...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#15
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423977/age-associated-differences-in-motor-output-variability-and-coordination-during-the-simultaneous-dorsiflexion-of-both-feet
#16
Amanda Marchini, Rafael Pereira, Wellington Pedroso, Evangelos Christou, Osmar Pinto Neto
Older adults are more variable than young adults on tasks that demand the simultaneous control of more than one effector, and the difference between age groups may be related to their different capacity of coordinating the force output of the involved effectors. The goal of this study was to determine whether age-associated differences in motor output variability during tasks involving the simultaneous dorsiflexion of two feet can be partially explained by differences in coordination and possibly attenuated by physical training...
April 19, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420509/effect-of-a-gymnastics-program-on-sleep-characteristics-in-pregnant-women
#17
Ildikó Kocsis, Tibor Szilágyi, János Turos, Aliz Bakó, Attila Frigy
OBJECTIVE: The quality and quantity of sleep represent important health issues in pregnant women. Sleep disturbances could be associated, beyond alteration of quality of life, with poor pregnancy outcome. Our aim was to investigate the effect of a regular, specific, medium-term physical training program on sleep characteristics in healthy pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 132 healthy pregnant women, with gestational age between 18 weeks and 22 weeks, were enrolled in a prospective study...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412692/review-research-on-the-physical-training-model-of-human-body-based-on-hq
#18
Liu Junjie
Health quotient (HQ) is the newest health culture and concept in the 21st century, and the analysis of the human body sports model is not enough mature at present, what's more, the purpose of this paper is to study the integration of the two subjects the health quotient and the sport model. This paper draws the conclusion that physical training and education in colleges and universities can improve the health quotient, and it will make students possess a more healthy body and mind. Then through a new rigid body model of sports to simulate the human physical exercise...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408160/physical-training-promotes-similar-effects-to-the-blockade-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-on-the-cardiac-morphology-and-function-in-old-female-rats-subjected-to-premature-ovarian-failure
#19
Ana Carolina S Felix, Sabrina G V Dutra, Ada C Gastaldi, Pâmela C Bonfim, Suenimeire Vieira, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza
We investigated the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and aerobic physical training on the heart of old female rats (82-wk-old) submitted to premature ovarian failure (10-wk.-old). We used different approaches: morphology and function by echocardiography, reactivity of the coronary bed and left ventricular contractibility (Langendorff Technique). Female Wistar ovariectomized (OVX) rats (n=42) were assigned to one of four groups: OVX, vehicle treated only; OVX-EM, Enalapril Maleate only (EM, 10mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)); OVX-T, aerobic trained only; and OVX-EMT, treated with Enalapril Maleate and aerobic trained...
April 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403686/swimming-training-induces-liver-adaptations-to-oxidative-stress-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-rats-submitted-to-high-fat-diet
#20
Aline Cruz Zacarias, Maria Andrea Barbosa, Renata Guerra-Sá, Uberdan Guilherme Mendes De Castro, Frank Silva Bezerra, Wanderson Geraldo de Lima, Leonardo M Cardoso, Robson Augusto Souza Dos Santos, Maria José Campagnole-Santos, Andréia Carvalho Alzamora
Oxidative stress, physical inactivity and high-fat (FAT) diets are associated with hepatic disorders such as metabolic syndrome (MS). The therapeutic effects of physical training (PT) were evaluated in rats with MS induced by FAT diet for 13 weeks, on oxidative stress and insulin signaling in the liver, during the last 6 weeks. FAT-sedentary (SED) rats increased body mass, retroperitoneal fat, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR), and total cholesterol, serum alanine aminotransferase, glucose and insulin...
April 13, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
keyword
keyword
111824
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"