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management of vomiting in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671836/children-s-experience-of-symptoms-narratives-through-words-and-images
#1
REVIEW
Barbara M Sourkes
Children who live with a complex chronic or life-threatening illness face extraordinary challenges. Whether they are receiving disease-oriented treatment (aimed at potential cure or prolongation of life) or palliative treatment-or both concurrently-our challenge is to enhance their comfort and minimize their distress. Symptom management is thus a critical component of pediatric palliative care. Symptoms may be either physical or psychological in nature (or a confluence of both) and their effective management has a direct impact on the child's quality of life...
April 19, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657713/mid-upper-arm-circumference-based-case-detection-admission-and-discharging-of-under-five-children-in-a-large-scale-community-based-management-of-acute-malnutrition-program-in-nigeria
#2
Stanley Chitekwe, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Assaye Tolla, Mark Myatt
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) threatens the lives of millions of children worldwide particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) is an approach to treating large numbers of cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in a community setting. There is a debate about the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for admitting and discharging SAM children. This article describes the experience of using MUAC for screening, case-finding, referral, admission, and discharge in a large-scale CMAM program delivered through existing primary health care facilities in Nigeria...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622328/inborn-errors-of-metabolism-in-the-emergency-department-undiagnosed-and-management-of-the-known
#3
REVIEW
Emily C MacNeill, Chantel P Walker
An inborn error of metabolism should be considered in any neonate who presents to the emergency department in extremis and in any young child who presents with altered mental status and vomiting. In children with unknown diagnoses, it is crucial to draw the appropriate laboratory studies before the institution of therapy, although treatment needs rapid institution to mitigate neurologic damage and avoid worsening metabolic crisis. Although there are hundreds of individual genetic disorders, they are roughly placed into groups that present similarly...
May 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617945/intracranial-neoplasms-in-the-first-year-of-life-results-of-a-third-cohort-of-patients-from-a-single-institution
#4
Sebastian M Toescu, Gregory James, Kim Phipps, Owase Jeelani, Dominic Thompson, Richard Hayward, Kristian Aquilina
BACKGROUND: Brain tumors in the first year of life are rare and their management remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To report on the contemporary management of brain tumors in infants with reference to previous series from our institution. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study design. Electronic/paper case note review of all brain tumors diagnosed at our institution in children aged <1 yr since the publication of our previous series. RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients were seen...
April 3, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610182/unusual-presentations-of-dystrophinopathies-in-childhood
#5
Nicholas M Allen, Alice Ewer, Vasiliki Nakou, Ele Konstantoulaki, Elizabeth Wraige, Vasantha Gowda, Heinz Jungbluth
X-linked recessive mutations in the dystrophin gene are one of the most common causes of inherited neuromuscular disorders in humans. Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the most common phenotype, and Becker muscular dystrophy are often recognizable by certain clinical features; however, less frequent presentations require a higher degree of suspicion. In this article, we describe a series of 6 children (4 boys, 2 girls) referred to a tertiary pediatric neuromuscular clinic for isolated elevated creatine kinase levels (range: 720-7000 IU/L) identified on initial assessment for otherwise unexplained transaminase elevations ( n = 2), a social communication disorder ( n = 3), and exertional myalgia and/or rhabdomyolysis ( n = 1)...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601304/episodic-syndromes-of-childhood-associated-with-migraine
#6
Amy A Gelfand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review covers recent advances in our understanding of episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine in children and adolescents, as well as what is known about the treatment of these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The episodic syndromes include benign paroxysmal torticollis, benign paroxysmal vertigo, abdominal migraine, and cyclic vomiting syndrome. Infant colic, or excessive crying in an otherwise healthy and well fed infant, may also fit into this category and is included in the appendix section of the most recent edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders...
March 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599113/vomiting-with-head-trauma-and-risk-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Meredith L Borland, Stuart R Dalziel, Natalie Phillips, Sarah Dalton, Mark D Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Ed Oakley, Stephen J C Hearps, Amit Kochar, Jeremy Furyk, John A Cheek, Jocelyn Neutze, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of traumatic brain injuries in children who vomit after head injury and identify variables from published clinical decision rules (CDRs) that predict increased risk. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the Australasian Paediatric Head Injury Rule Study. Vomiting characteristics were assessed and correlated with CDR predictors and the presence of clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) or traumatic brain injury on computed tomography (TBI-CT)...
March 29, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594463/traumatic-brain-injury-in-indian-children
#8
REVIEW
Krishna Chaitanya, Archana Addanki, Rajendra Karambelkar, Rakesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents is a community-based medical and educational challenge world-over due to increasing urbanization and motorization. In India, children between 1 to 15 years constitute significant proportion of the total population, who are vulnerable for TBI. In developed countries, pediatric trauma mortality still represents more than half of all childhood fatalities, which is 18 times more common than brain tumors. In this study, we attempted to analyze epidemiological factors, management, and outcome of TBI in children at a tertiary care center in Pune, Maharashtra...
March 29, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580278/a-mobile-phone-based-tool-to-identify-symptoms-of-common-childhood-diseases-in-ghana-development-and-evaluation-of-the-integrated-clinical-algorithm-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Konstantin H Franke, Ralf Krumkamp, Aliyu Mohammed, Nimako Sarpong, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Johanna Brinkel, Julius N Fobil, Axel Bonacic Marinovic, Philip Asihene, Mark Boots, Jürgen May, Benno Kreuels
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the development and evaluation of an algorithm-based diagnosis-tool, applicable on mobile phones, to support guardians in providing appropriate care to sick children. METHODS: The algorithm was developed on the basis of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) guidelines and evaluated at a hospital in Ghana. Two hundred and thirty-seven guardians applied the tool to assess their child's symptoms. Data recorded by the tool and health records completed by a physician were compared in terms of symptom detection, disease assessment and treatment recommendation...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564197/conservative-management-of-acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-seven-year-old-child
#10
Jessica Y Ng, Jennie Gu
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an uncommon disease in children and is usually associated with trauma, burns, and infections. Whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is only seen in 10% of cholecystitis in adults, it is uncommon in the paediatric population. A seven-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional hospital with a 36-hour history of right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain. He had associated symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. He was septic with raised white cell count and inflammatory markers...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557350/acute-presentation-of-koch-s-abdomen-in-children-our-experience
#11
Basant Kumar, Vijai Dutta Upadhyaya, Sandeep Kumar Rahul, Laxmi Kant Bharti, Ram Nawal Rao, Sheo Kumar
Background: To analyse our experience with acute presentations of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) in children for early diagnosis and management. Materials and Methods: From December 2010 to April 2016, available electronic and operation theatre (OT) records of 17 patients with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal TB were analysed retrospectively. Parameters reviewed were age, sex, presentations, diagnostic investigations, surgery/intervention performed, final outcome and follow-up...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532511/hypoglycaemia-was-common-in-acute-gastroenteritis-in-a-prospective-hospital-based-study-but-electrolyte-imbalances-were-not
#12
Mohammed Qadori, Elmira Flem, Terese Bekkevold, Henrik Døllner, Ann Marit Gilje, Astrid Rojahn, Ketil Størdal
AIM: Using routine blood sampling in a gastroenteritis diagnostic work-up is debatable. This study examined the relationship between the severity of acute gastroenteritis and blood test abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled children under five years referred for outpatient or inpatient management for gastroenteritis from February 2014 to April 2016. The four study hospitals cared for 30% of Norwegian children. The severity of gastroenteritis was assessed using Vesikari scores...
March 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528207/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#13
Abdul Waheed, Michael Malone, Samiullah Samiullah
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common among children and cause tremendous distress for patients and families. Family physicians should know how to diagnose and manage some of the more common childhood FGIDs. These include infant regurgitation, infant colic, infant dyschezia, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, functional diarrhea and constipation, abdominal migraine, and nonspecific functional abdominal pain. Diagnosis requires a thorough history and physical examination to rule out red flag signs and symptoms for structural or organic etiologies...
March 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488075/surgical-management-of-colloid-cysts-in-children-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#14
Vikas Vazhayil, Nishanth Sadashiva, Nithish Nayak, A R Prabhuraj, Dhaval Shukla, Sampath Somanna
INTRODUCTION: Colloid cysts are uncommon lesions in the pediatric age group, which most commonly occur in the fourth through fifth decades. The authors hereby report a series of 36 patients with colloid cysts in the pediatric age group. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients with colloid cyst who underwent surgery in our institute between November 2003 and December 2016 (13 years). Patients above the age of 18 were excluded from the study...
February 27, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486889/battery-ingestions-in-children-variations-in-care-and-development-of-a-clinical-algorithm
#15
Eric H Rosenfeld, Richard Sola, Yangyang Yu, Shawn D St Peter, Sohail R Shah
PURPOSE: To review current management and outcomes of ingested batteries and develop a clinical management algorithm. METHODS: Children <18years old who ingested a battery between 1/2011 and 9/2016 at two tertiary care children's hospitals were reviewed. Demographics, imaging, management and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and Wilcoxon Rank-sum tests. RESULTS: There were 180 battery ingestions. The median age was 3...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484898/an-overview-of-the-clinical-management-of-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-childhood
#16
Claudio Romano, Valeria Dipasquale, Anna Rybak, Donatella Comito, Osvaldo Borrelli
This narrative review provides an update on cyclic vomiting syndrome pathogenesis, diagnosis and management, based upon studies published after the 2008 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) official recommendations. The review began with a comprehensive PubMed/Medline search for "cyclic vomiting syndrome", "periodic syndromes" and "pediatrics" from 2000 up to October 2017. Additional papers were identified by reviewing the re-ference lists of retrieved publications...
March 23, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465563/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-diagnostic-and-prognostic-particularities-in-children-a-series-of-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature-care-compliant
#17
REVIEW
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Emoke Horvath, Horea Gozar, Mihaela Ioana Chinceşan
RATIONALE: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an unpredictable condition in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: Our first case describes an 8-year-old boy with a history of iron deficiency anemia, admitted in our clinic for recurrent abdominal pain, weight loss, loss of appetite, diarrheic stools, and fever. The second case also describes an 8-year-old boy admitted for abdominal pain and vomiting. The 3rd case refers to a 4 years and 10 months old boy admitted in our clinic with abdominal pain and loss of appetite, who was initially admitted in the Pediatrics Surgery Clinic with the suspicion of appendicitis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459045/factors-associated-with-ultrasound-guided-water-enema-reduction-for-pediatric-intussusception-in-resource-limited-setting-potential-predictive-role-of-thrombocytosis-and-anemia
#18
Raymond Zhun Ming Lim, Terance Lee, Justin Yau Zane Ng, Kia Fatt Quek, Nyazirah Abdul Wahab, Shahrul Lokman Amansah, V Muthu Alhagi M Vellusamy, Chin Fang Ngim
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although ultrasound-guided hydrostatic reduction (USGHR) is increasingly used in managing pediatric intussusception, there is limited literature concerning its use in Malaysia. We aim to examine the experience and factors associated with the effectiveness of USGHR using water. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective observational study in a Malaysian tertiary referral center. Children with intussusception admitted between year 2012 and 2016 were included and medical records reviewed...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436139/incidence-and-factors-contributing-to-postdischarge-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pediatric-ambulatory-surgical-cases
#19
Proshad N Efune, Abu Minhajuddin, Peter Szmuk
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the incidence and contributing factors of postdischarge nausea and vomiting in children. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of postdischarge nausea and vomiting in day surgery patients and to identify demographic, intraoperative, and postoperative variables that influence the risk. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, a postdischarge questionnaire was administered to parents of ambulatory patients who received anesthesia and the electronic records were reviewed...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433912/factors-influencing-emergency-department-care-of-young-children-at-risk-for-clinically-important-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Tara Rhine, Shari L Wade, Nanhua Zhang, Huaiyu Zang, Stephanie Kennebeck, Lynn Babcock
OBJECTIVES: Care decisions for young children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with head injury are often challenging (e.g. whether to obtain neuroimaging). We sought to identify factors associated with acute management of children at-risk for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) and describe symptom management. METHODS: Observational evaluation of children, ages 0-4years, presenting to a pediatric ED following minor head injury. Children with ≥1 risk element per the Pediatric Emergency Care Academic Research Network's decision rule were deemed "at-risk" for ciTBI...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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